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1.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(13): 1007-1011, 2020 Apr 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32294858

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the CT imaging features of the 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infection in order to summarize the imaging characteristics of the disease and improve the ability of imaging diagnosis and early diagnosis of the disease. Methods: From January 13, 2020 to January 31, 2020, a total of 33 patients with 2019-nCoV infection diagnosed and treated by Suzhou Fifth People's Hospital were analyzed retrospectively, including 20 males and 13 females, with an average age of (50±12) years, ranging from 20 to 70 years old. There were 3 cases of mild type, 27 cases of common type and 3 cases of severe type.There were 2 cases with hypertension, 1 case with postoperative lung,1 case with diabetes, 1 case with chronic bronchitis, and 1 case with bronchiectasis.SPSS25.0 Chi-square test was used to analyze the distribution of lesions in each lung lobe; SPSS25.0 Spearman correlation coefficient was used to analyze the image score and clinical classification. Results: There were 3 cases (9.1%) with normal lung and 30 cases (90.9%) with Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia(COVID-19) of the 2019-nCoV infected patients. In the distribution of COVID-19, 29 cases (87.9%) were involved in bilateral lung and 1 case (3.0%) in unilateral lung. There was no statistically significant difference in the distribution of lesions in each lobe. The correlation coefficient between the degree of lesion distribution and clinical classification was 0.819, and the two were highly correlated.There were 30 cases (90.9%) with subpleural lesions, 17 cases (51.5%) with central lesions. There were many kinds of lesions, 25 cases (75.8%) had ground glass density shadow, 16 cases (48.5%) had consolidation, 12 cases (36.4%) had interstitial change, and 18 cases (54.5%) had interlobular septal thickening. Among the 22 cases, 10 cases had more lesions, 6 cases had no changes and 6 cases had less lesions. Conclusion: Most of the patients with 2019-nCoV infection have pulmonary inflammation.CT manifestations include multiple parts, subpleural area or middle and lateral field of lung, ground glass shadow and consolidation, or coexistence. Some cases have pleural thickening or interlobular septal thickening. CT images can indicate the diagnosis of COVID-19 and provide important basis for early detection and disease monitoring.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto , Idoso , Betacoronavirus , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Diagnóstico Precoce , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
2.
Water Res ; 175: 115681, 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32171098

RESUMO

The co-ion and counter-ion sorption of monovalent (Na+, K+, Cl- and NO3-) and divalent ions (Ca2+ and SO42-) in commercial Neosepta ion exchange membranes were systemically studied in both single and binary salt systems. The new generation of Neosepta cation exchange membrane (CSE) showed a significant difference in water uptake and co-ion sorption compared to the earlier generation (CMX). Use of the Manning model confirmed that there were significant differences between these membranes, with the estimated value of the Manning parameter changing from 1.0 ± 0.1 for CMX to 2.8 ± 0.5 for CSE. There were fewer differences between the two Neosepta anion exchange membranes, AMX and ASE. In single salt solutions, potassium sorbed most strongly into the cation exchange membranes, but in binary salt mixtures, calcium dominated due to Donnan exclusion at low concentrations. While these trends were expected, the sorption behaviour in the anion exchange membranes was more complex. The water uptake of both AMX and ASE was shown to be the greatest in Na2SO4 solutions. This strong water uptake was reflected in strong sorption of sulphate ions in a single salt solution. Conversely, in a binary salt mixture with NaCl, sulphate sorption fell significantly at higher concentrations. This was possibly caused by ion pairing within the solution, as well as the strongly hydrophobic nature of styrene in the charged polymer. Water uptake was lowest in NaNO3 solutions, even though sorption of the nitrate ion was comparable to that of chloride in these single salt solutions. In the binary mixture, nitrate was absorbed more strongly than chloride. These results could be due to the low surface charge density of this ion allowing it to bond more strongly with the hydrophobic polymeric backbone at the exclusion of water and other ions.


Assuntos
Purificação da Água , Cátions , Troca Iônica , Resinas de Troca Iônica , Água
3.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 34(1)2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32048500

RESUMO

Notch signaling plays a critical role in the development and function of macrophages. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between Notch signaling pathway and macrophage apoptosis after LPS stimulation. In RAW 264.7 cells, the mRNA expression of Jagged1, Hes1, Hes 5 and GM-CSF, and protein expression of NICD1 and GM-CSF were increased after LPS stimulation. Inhibition of Notch signaling by γ-secretase inhibitor DAPT and the suppression of Notch1 expression using siRNA both significantly prevented LPS induced activation of JNK and NF-kB, and simultaneously the expression of GM-CSF was also down regulated significantly. JNK inhibitor SP600125 was used to block the phosphorylation of JNK signaling, Western blot results showed that the activation of NF-kB was blocked and expression of GM-CSF was down-regulated. Finally, flow cytometry analyses showed that the Notch signaling was involved in the regulation of macrophage apoptosis after LPS stimulation. Our study showed that the Notch signaling pathway was activated and involved in the regulation of macrophage apoptosis after LPS stimulation through JNK/ NF-kB signaling regulated GM-CSF expression.

4.
Sci Total Environ ; 707: 134670, 2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31865087

RESUMO

By differentiating intermediate trade from final trade, this paper combines typical statistics for the world economy in 2012 to explore the transfer of embodied carbon emissions via the global supply chain and the related trade imbalance. The emission transfer embodied in interregional trade is in magnitude around 40% of global direct carbon emissions. The global intermediate trade volume of embodied carbon emissions is estimated to be 2.3 times as much as the final trade volume. While Mainland China obtains a considerable economic trade surplus, its carbon trade deficit is about twice the carbon trade surplus of the United States. Mainland China's final trade deficit is around 1.2 times as much as its intermediate trade deficit of embodied carbon emissions. EU27, the United States, ASEAN and Japan serve as the major contributors to China's intermediate and final trade deficits. For the United States, its intermediate carbon trade surplus is almost equal to its final trade surplus. The United States gains a carbon surplus with most of its trading partners in both intermediate and final trades. A future scenario analysis in terms of carbon emission projection is conducted. While the direct and embodied carbon emissions of the United States and Japan are estimated to change slightly from 2012 to 2040, India's carbon emissions are projected to experience a twofold increase during the period. In the long term, though with ups and downs, the economic globalization will be inevitably moving forward, leading to a highly sliced-up global supply chain and increasingly delicate regional specialization as well as frequent intermediate trade between regions. It is suggested that nations and regions should follow this trend and adapt themselves to the global value chain by carefully assessing their roles in intermediate and final trades in terms of both currency and embodied carbon emissions.

5.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594134

RESUMO

Objective: To establish a CT image radiomics-based prediction model for the differential diagnosis of silicosis and tuberculosis nodules. Methods: A total of 53 patients with silicosis and 89 patients with tuberculosis who underwent routine CT scans in Suzhou Fifth People's Hospital from January to August, 2018 were enrolled in this study. AK/ITK software was used to segment the images to obtain 139 silicosis lesions and 119 tuberculosis lesions. For each lesion image, 396 features were extracted, and feature dimension reduction was applied to select the most characteristic feature subset. Support vector machine (SVM) , feedforward back propagation neural network (FNN-BP) , and random forest (RF) were implemented using R software (Rstudio V1.1.463) , and the algorithm that achieved the largest area under of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) was selected as the final prediction model. Results: RF was the best prediction model for the differential diagnosis of silicosis and tuberculosis nodules, with an accuracy of 83.1%, a sensitivity of 0.76, a specificity of 0.9, and an AUC of 0.917 (95% confidence interval: 0.8431-0.9758) . RF had a significantly larger AUC than SVM and FNN-BP (P<0.05) . Conclusion: CT image-based RF prediction model can be used to differentially diagnose silicosis and tuberculosis nodules.


Assuntos
Silicose/diagnóstico por imagem , Tuberculose/diagnóstico por imagem , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Modelos Teóricos , Redes Neurais de Computação , Curva ROC , Máquina de Vetores de Suporte , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
6.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(34): 2675-2680, 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31505718

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the effectiveness and safety of sacral neuromodulation (SNM) therapy for men with idiopathic dysuria. Methods: From January 2012 to December 2016, a total of 26 patients treated with SNM therapy from multi-center across the country were retrospectively studied. The age ranged from 19 to 86 years with an average age of 45.2 years. Patients suffered from one or multiple urinary symptoms such as frequency of urination, urgency, urinary retention, etc. All patients had received more than two types of conservative therapy including oral and behavioral therapy, but had poor or no improvement. The voiding diary, urgency score and the quality of life score before implantation, in stageⅠ after implantation and stage Ⅱ after permanent implantation were recorded and compared. Results: A total of 22 patients chose to receive IPG at the end of stageⅠ therapy while 4 patients refused further stage Ⅱ therapy because of dissatisfactory effect. The conversion rate of stage Ⅰ to stage Ⅱ was 84.6% (22/26). The average follow-up time was 19.2 months, ranging from 3 to 63 months. The baseline of residual urine, voiding frequency and average voiding amount and those after stage Ⅰ therapy were [5 (0, 137.5) ] ml vs [0 (0, 40) ] ml, 14.6±6.1 vs 9.1±2.8, [100 (80, 135) ] ml vs [190 (150, 210) ] ml, respectively. The differences were statistically significant(all P<0.05).However, no significant differences were found in urination volume and quality of life (QoL) before and after implantation(P>0.05). During an average follow-up time of 19.2 months after the permanent implantation, over 80% patients had an improvement of residual urine volume by more than 50% after permanent implantation while the improvement was 55.6% after stage Ⅰ therapy, suggesting that the improvement of residual urine volume might be positively correlated with the duration of regulation. No significant differences were found in other parameters between stage Ⅰ and Ⅱ therapy. No adverse events like wound infection and electrode dislocation happened during our study. Conclusions: SNM is an effective and safety procedure for male patients with idiopathic dysuria, with a relatively high transfer rate. The medium-term curative effect is stable. The duration of regulation may be positively correlated with the improvement of residual urine.


Assuntos
Disuria , Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Disuria/terapia , Humanos , Plexo Lombossacral , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
7.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(16): 6888-6898, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31486488

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Increasing evidence has suggested that microRNAs (miRNAs) played critical roles in cancer development by acting as a tumor suppressor or tumor-promoting genes. However, the role of microRNA-330-3p (miR-330-3p) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is still unknown. This study aimed to investigate the expression and role of miR-330-3p in hepatocarcinogenesis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 30 human hepatocellular carcinoma tissues and adjacent normal tissues were obtained from 30 hepatocellular carcinoma patients. Quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) assay was carried out to measure the expression of miR-330-3p in HCC tissues and cell lines. The relation between B-cell translocation gene 1 (BTG1) and miR-330-3p was predicted by TargetScan and confirmed by dual-luciferase reporter assay. Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), flow cytometry analysis, and transwell assay were used to determine cell viability, apoptosis, cell migration, and invasion, respectively. In addition, the mRNA and protein expression of Cyclin D1, Bcl-2, Bax, and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)9 were detected using qRT-PCR and Western blotting. RESULTS: We found that miR-330-3p expression was up-regulated in HCC tissues and cell lines. BTG1 was a direct target of miR-330-3p and it was down-regulated in HCC tissues and cell lines. Moreover, down-regulation of miR-330-3p suppressed HCCLM3 cell viability, migration, invasion, and enhanced cell apoptosis, while the tumor-suppressive effects were reversed by BTG1-siRNA. In addition, miR-330-3p inhibitor decreased the expression of Cyclin D1, Bcl-2, and MMP9 while enhanced the expression of Bax. Meanwhile, BTG1-siRNA led to the opposite effects. CONCLUSIONS: The data suggested that miR-330-3p acted as a tumor gene in HCC by targeting BTG1 and it might be a potential therapeutic target for the HCC treatment.

9.
Sci Total Environ ; 662: 65-76, 2019 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30690380

RESUMO

Within a single integrated globalized economy featuring robust fluxes of interregional trades, the world economy is like a giant bathtub containing the world inventory of energy use. Based on different norms or ethic percepts, the energy use of the world economy is reallocated to nations and regions via global supply chain using normative accounting schemes. By combining typical statistics for world economy 2012, a new perspective is presented in this study to look into the energy use of regional economies from the side of genuine final consumers. Parallel to the final-demand-based accounting method, a total-consumption-based multi-region input-output accounting method is developed following the norm of consumption being the ultimate end and purpose of all producing activities. From a total-consumption-based perspective, the energy use of the United States economy is shown in magnitude 1.8 times that of mainland China, compared to a ratio of 88% from a territorial-based perspective. The consumer-product-related trade imbalances of major economies in terms of both currency and energy use are analyzed, with major interregional net trade flows illustrated. While the United States and mainland China are respectively revealed as the leading net exporter and net importer of currency, the energy trade deficit of the latter is in magnitude around four times the energy trade surplus of the former. The trade structures by geography and sector are respectively presented for the United States and mainland China as two distinct economies. It is found that around half of the United States' exports of energy use originate from transport and service industries, while nearly 90% of mainland China's exports of energy use come from heavy industry. The findings are supportive for nations to identify their roles in the global supply chain from the perspective of genuine final consumers and adjust the trade patterns for sustained energy use.

10.
J Environ Manage ; 224: 406-413, 2018 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30071452

RESUMO

Saline wastewater is a by-product of cheese manufacturing and whey processing that can have serious environmental and economic consequences. Salty streams originating from dairy processing operations include chromatography wastes, clean-in-place wastewater, acid whey, salty whey and waste generated from whey demineralization processes such as nanofiltration, electrodialysis and ion exchange. With the participation of the major dairy companies in Australia, an industry wide survey was conducted to acquire a comprehensive understanding of the management strategies for these salty waste streams. High salinity waste streams are commonly directed to evaporation ponds. However, environmental impacts from land degradation, odour and dust have prevented the construction of further evaporation ponds in some areas of Australia. The survey results also show that disposal to municipal trade waste is not always effective, as the current levels of some salinity-related parameters are significantly higher than the levels allowed by the local water/environmental authorities. For high salinity streams, salt removal can lead to more substantial savings in trade waste charges compared to wastewater volume reduction. Thus, salt removal and recovery from salty waste streams has become a major focus of the sustainability agenda of the Australian dairy industry.


Assuntos
Indústria de Laticínios , Gerenciamento de Resíduos , Austrália , Queijo , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos , Águas Residuárias
11.
Sci Total Environ ; 613-614: 931-943, 2018 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28946381

RESUMO

As agricultural land and freshwater inextricably interrelate and interact with each other, the conventional water and land policy in "silos" should give way to nexus thinking when formulating the land and water management strategies. This study constructs a systems multi-regional input-output (MRIO) model to expound global land-water nexus by simultaneously tracking agricultural land and freshwater use flows along the global supply chains. Furthermore, land productivity and irrigation water requirements of 160 crops in different regions are investigated to reflect the land-water linkage. Results show that developed economies (e.g., USA and Japan) and major large developing economies (e.g., mainland China and India) are the overriding drivers of agricultural land and freshwater use globally. In general, significant net transfers of these two resources are identified from resource-rich and less-developed economies to resource-poor and more-developed economies. For some crops, blue water productivity is inversely related to land productivity, indicating that irrigation water consumption is sometimes at odds with land use. The results could stimulus international cooperation for sustainable land and freshwater management targeting on original suppliers and final consumers along the global supply chains. Moreover, crop-specific land-water linkage could provide insights for trade-off decisions on minimizing the environmental impacts on local land and water resources.

12.
Oncogenesis ; 6(10): e387, 2017 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28991259

RESUMO

Aberrant activation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) has been observed in a wide range of human cancers and is thought to promote tumorigenesis and metastasis. As a central component of NF-κB pathway, p65 protein level is tightly regulated and could be subjected to proteasome degradation. Here we demonstrated that p65 can bind to HSC70 with four consensus recognition motif in its RHD domain and be constitutively transported to the lysosome membrane to bind with lysosome-associated membrane protein type 2A and degraded within the lysosome in two epithelial cell lines, proposing that p65 can be degraded by chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA). Of great importance, there is a decreased CMA activity together with impaired degradation of p65 in a process of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). The resulted accumulation of p65 leads to higher NF-κB activity and contributes to the progression and maintenance of the EMT program. Taken together, our results define a novel regulatory mechanism for the important transcription factor p65, and these findings would shed new light on the inhibition of EMT, as well as metastasis of cancer cells.

14.
J Agric Food Chem ; 65(20): 4027-4034, 2017 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28457125

RESUMO

The solubility of calcium phosphate in concentrated dairy brine streams is important in understanding mineral scaling on equipment, such as membrane modules, evaporators, and heat exchangers, and in brine pond operation. In this study, the solubility of calcium phosphate has been assessed in the presence of up to 300 g/L sodium chloride as well as lactose, organic acids, and anions at 10, 30, and 50 °C. As a neutral molecule, lactose has a marginal but still detectable effect upon calcium solubility. However, additions of sodium chloride up to 100 g/L result in a much greater increase in calcium solubility. Beyond this point, the concentrations of ions in the solution decrease significantly. These changes in calcium solubility can readily be explained through changes in the activity coefficients. There is little difference in calcium phosphate speciation between 10 and 30 °C. However, at 50 °C, the ratio of calcium to phosphate in the solution is lower than at the other temperatures and varies less with ionic strength. While the addition of sodium lactate has less effect upon calcium solubility than sodium citrate, it still has a greater effect than sodium chloride at an equivalent ionic strength. Conversely, when these organic anions are present in the solution in the acid form, the effect of pH dominates and results in much higher solubility and a calcium/phosphate ratio close to one, indicative of dicalcium phosphate dihydrate as the dominant solid phase.


Assuntos
Fosfatos de Cálcio/química , Sais/química , Águas Residuárias/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Solubilidade , Temperatura , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos/instrumentação , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos/métodos
15.
Genet Mol Res ; 16(1)2017 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28128418

RESUMO

To investigate the role of the P2X7 receptor in learning and memory dysfunction induced by HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein gp120 (gp120), we established HIV-1-associated dementia (HAD) animal models by intracerebroventricular (ICV) infusion of gp120 in rats. We observed gp120-induced cognitive dysfunction in the radial arm water maze test. Results showed that rats in the gp120 groups had longer escape latencies and more errors compared to those in the control group. For example, the average trial time in the 50-ng/day-gp120 group on day eight (16.57 ± 1.71 s, N = 90) was significantly longer than that of control rats (9.93 ± 0.68 s, N = 90). The relative expression of P2X7 mRNA in the control, 50-, 70-, and 100-ng/day-gp120 groups were 0.43 ± 0.06, 0.48 ± 0.07, 0.83 ± 0.05, and 0.84 ± 0.10, respectively; relative P2X7 protein expression in those groups was 0.63 ± 0.07, 1.08 ± 0.06, 0.90 ± 0.07, and 1.03 ± 0.11, respectively. According to immunohistochemistry analysis, the staining intensity values for P2X7 protein expression in the control, 50-, 70-, and 100-ng/d-gp120 groups were 0.88 ± 0.07, 1.41 ± 0.12, 1.28 ± 0.13, and 1.31 ± 0.10, respectively. The above results showed that the expression of P2X7 increased significantly in the hippocampus of gp120 rats compared to that of the control group. These results suggest that ICV infusion of gp120 can successfully mimic HAD in rats, and P2X7 may be involved in gp120-induced cognitive dysfunction. This could provide a theoretical foundation and potential drug target for research and treatment of ADC.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cognitivos/etiologia , Transtornos Cognitivos/metabolismo , Proteína gp120 do Envelope de HIV/metabolismo , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Receptores Purinérgicos P2X7/metabolismo , Animais , Transtornos Cognitivos/psicologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Expressão Gênica , Hipocampo/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Aprendizagem em Labirinto , Ratos , Receptores Purinérgicos P2X7/genética
16.
Leukemia ; 31(5): 1079-1086, 2017 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27807368

RESUMO

The origin of cancers is associated with etiology as well as therapeutics. Several studies reveal that malignancies in children can originate in utero. However, a diagnostic approach to distinguish between cancers initiated pre- or postnatally is absent. Here we identified a transcriptional factor FEV (fifth Ewing variant) that was expressed in fetal hematopoietic cells and became silent after birth. We characterized that FEV was essential for the self-renewal of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). We next found that FEV was expressed in most infant leukemia samples, but seldom in adult samples, in accord with the known prenatal origins of the former. We further determined the majority of pediatric acute lymphoid leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) were FEV positive. Moreover, FEV knockdown markedly impaired the leukemia-propagating ability of leukemic stem cells. We therefore identified FEV is unique to fetal HSCs and stably expressed in leukemic cells of prenatal origin. It may also provide a tractable therapeutic target.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/análise , Doenças Fetais/diagnóstico , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/metabolismo , Leucemia/etiologia , Proteínas Nucleares/análise , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/biossíntese , Feminino , Doenças Fetais/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Leucemia/diagnóstico , Leucemia/metabolismo , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Camundongos , Proteínas Nucleares/biossíntese , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Gravidez , Fatores de Transcrição
17.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 20(23): 5002-5008, 2016 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27981531

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Therapeutic resistance has been a great obstacle for successful treatment of breast cancer. Our study aimed to explore the role of microRNA-760 (miR-760) in chemoresistant breast cancer cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Real-time PCR was performed to measure the mRNA expression of miR-760 and Nanog. Western blot was used to determine the protein expression of Nanog and mesenchymal and epithelial markers. Cell viability was measured by the CCK-8 assay. RESULTS: Our results showed that the expression of miR-760 was significantly reduced the doxorubicin (DOX)-resistant MCF-7/DOX cells and chemoresistant breast cancer tissues. Moreover, up-regulation of miR-760 sensitized breast cancer cells to the anti-cancer agents. The MCF-7/DOX cells exhibited increased expression of Snail, a mesenchymal marker, and decreased levels of E-Cadherin, an epithelial marker. In addition, overexpression of miR-760 suppressed the expression of Nanog, a transcriptional factor involved in chemoresistance, and resulted in the reversal of EMT in breast cancer cells. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrated that miR-760 modulated chemoresistance through the epithelial-mesenchymal transition in breast cancer cells, providing a potential therapeutic target for treatment of drug-resistant breast cancer.


Assuntos
Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética
18.
Genet Mol Res ; 15(2)2016 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27323041

RESUMO

This study was aimed at exploring the effects of P2X7 receptors on gp120-induced injury and naringin's protective effects against gp120-induced injury in BV2 microglia. BV2 microglia injury model was established by gp120 treatment and MTS assay was used to verify whether naringin has a cell-protective effect against gp120-induced injury. Changes in P2X7 receptor expression were assayed using RT-PCR, qPCR, and western blot. Results showed that the ODs of the Ctrl, gp120, gp120+naringin, and gp120+BBG groups were 0.91 ± 0.10, 0.71 ± 0.09, 0.83 ± 0.10, and 0.83 ± 0.10, respectively. Compared to the control group, the gp120 group showed a significantly decreased cell survival rate. Cell survival rates of the gp120+naringin group increased significantly compared to those of the gp120 group, while no difference was observed when compared to the gp120+BBG group. The relative P2X7 mRNA expression levels in the Ctrl, gp120, gp120+naringin, and gp120+BBG groups were 0.73 ± 0.06, 1.05 ± 0.06, 0.78 ± 0.05, and 0.81 ± 0.04, respectively. The corresponding P2X7 protein expression levels were 0.46 ± 0.04, 0.79 ± 0.04, 0.38 ± 0.07, and 0.42 ± 0.06. P2X7 mRNA and protein expression in the gp120 group increased significantly compared to those in the control group, and declined in the gp120+naringin group compared to those in the gp120 group. Therefore, P2X7 receptors might be involved in gp120-induced injury in BV2 microglia, and naringin might play a protective role by inhibiting the up-regulated expression of P2X7 receptors.


Assuntos
Flavanonas/farmacologia , Proteína gp120 do Envelope de HIV/toxicidade , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptores Purinérgicos P2X7/metabolismo , Complexo AIDS Demência/tratamento farmacológico , Complexo AIDS Demência/metabolismo , Complexo AIDS Demência/virologia , Animais , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Camundongos , Microglia/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Receptores Purinérgicos P2X7/genética , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Cima
19.
Cell Death Dis ; 7: e2082, 2016 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26844697

RESUMO

The acidic leucine-rich nuclear phosphoprotein 32B (ANP32B) is reported to impact normal development, with Anp32b-knockout mice exhibiting smaller size and premature aging. However, its cellular and molecular mechanisms, especially its potential roles in tumorigenesis, remain largely unclear. Here, we utilize 'knockout' models, RNAi silencing and clinical cohorts to more closely investigate the role of this enigmatic factor in cell proliferation and cancer phenotypes. We report that, compared with Anp32b wild-type (Anp32b(+/+)) littermates, a broad panel of tissues in Anp32b-deficient (Anp32b(-/-)) mice are demonstrated hypoplasia. Anp32b(-/-) mouse embryo fibroblast cell has a slower proliferation, even after oncogenic immortalization. ANP32B knockdown also significantly inhibits in vitro and in vivo growth of cancer cells by inducing G1 arrest. In line with this, ANP32B protein has higher expression in malignant tissues than adjacent normal tissues from a cohort of breast cancer patients, and its expression level positively correlates with their histopathological grades. Moreover, ANP32B deficiency downregulates AKT phosphorylation, which involves its regulating effect on cell growth. Collectively, our findings suggest that ANP32B is an oncogene and a potential therapeutic target for breast cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/deficiência , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/deficiência , Proteínas Nucleares/deficiência , Proteína Oncogênica v-akt/metabolismo , Animais , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Clonagem Molecular , Feminino , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Knockout , Camundongos Nus , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Transdução de Sinais
20.
Cell Death Dis ; 6: e1689, 2015 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25766328

RESUMO

Our recent investigations showed that polycomb chromobox 4 (Cbx4) promotes angiogenesis and metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) through its sumoylating action on hypoxia-inducible factor-1α protein. Here, we attempt to identify the prognostic significances of Cbx4 by a retrospective analyses in 727 cases of HCC patients with and without postoperative transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) or transarterial embolization (TAE). Binary logistic regression tests indicated that Cbx4 is correlated with histological grading, tumor-node-metastasis stage, microvessel density, distant metastasis and hematogenous metastasis of HCC. By univariate and multivariate analyses, we show that Cbx4 is an independent prognostic factor of HCC, and both TAE and TACE treatments have no effects on the overall survival in HCC patients with low Cbx4 expression. More intriguingly, TACE prolongs, while TAE shortens, the overall survival of HCC patients with high Cbx4 expression, indicating that Cbx4 is a good biomarker on decision-making to perform postoperative TACE in HCC patients. Moreover, Cbx4 overexpression enhances while Cbx4 silencing antagonizes doxorubicin-induced cell death of HCC cell lines. In conclusion, Cbx4 is an independent prognostic factor for HCC patients, and the patients with high Cbx4 expression should receive postoperative TACE treatment to improve their survival.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/biossíntese , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neovascularização Patológica/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas do Grupo Polycomb/biossíntese , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/biossíntese , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Quimioembolização Terapêutica , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Ligases , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neovascularização Patológica/genética , Neovascularização Patológica/patologia , Proteínas do Grupo Polycomb/genética , Prognóstico , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética
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