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1.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 210: 111854, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33422839

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the prospective correlation between serum metals before 24 weeks' gestation and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) or glucose in the late second trimester among southern Chinese pregnant women. METHODS: A total of 8169 pregnant women were included in our retrospective cohort study. Logistic regression was used to investigate the relationships between metals (Manganese [Mn], copper [Cu], lead [Pb], calcium [Ca], zinc [Zn], magnesium [Mg]) and GDM. Quantile regression was performed to detect the shifts and associations with metals and three time-points glucose distribution of oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) focused on the 10th, 50th, and 90th percentiles. Weighted quantile sum (WQS) regression was used to explore the relationship of metal mixtures and GDM as well as glucose. RESULTS: Maternal serum concentrations of metals were assessed at mean 16.55 ± 2.92 weeks' gestation. Women with under weight might have 25% decreased risk of GDM for every 50% increase in Cu concentration within the safe limits. A 50% increase in Mn and Zn levels was related to a 0.051 µmol/L (95% CI: 0.033-0.070) and 0.059 µmol/L (95% CI: 0.040-0.079) increase in mean fasting plasma glucose of OGTT (OGTT0), respectively. The magnitude of association with Mn was smaller at the upper tail of OGTT0 distribution, while the magnitude of correlation with Zn was greater at the upper tail. However, there was a 0.012 mmol/L (95% CI: -0.017 to -0.008), 0.028 mmol/L (95% CI: -0.049 to -0.007), and 0.036 mmol/L (95% CI: -0.057 to -0.016) decrease in mean OGTT0 levels for every 50% increase in Pb, Ca, and Mg, respectively. The negative association of Pb, Ca, and Mg was greater at the lower tail of OGTT0 distribution. No significant relationship was observed in Cu and mean OGTT0 level (-0.010 mmol/L, 95% CI: -0.021 to 0.001), however, it showed a protective effect at the upper tail (-0.034 mmol/L, 95% CI: -0.049 to -0.017). No obvious correlation was found between metals and postprandial glucose levels (OGTT1 and OGTT2 from OGTT). The WQS index was significantly related to OGTT0 (P < 0.001). The contribution of Mn (80.19%) to metal mixture index was the highest related to OGTT0, followed by Cu (19.81%). CONCLUSIONS: Higher Mn and Zn but lower Pb, Ca, and Mg concentrations within a certain range before 24 weeks' gestation might prospectively impair fasting plasma glucose during pregnancy; a greater focus is required on Mn. It could provide early markers of metal for predicting later glucose and suggest implement intervention for pregnant women.


Assuntos
Glicemia/análise , Diabetes Gestacional/sangue , Metais/sangue , Adulto , Monitoramento Biológico , Biomarcadores/sangue , China/epidemiologia , Diabetes Gestacional/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32865233

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the preterm birth and additional perinatal outcomes between spontaneous and in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) dichorionic-diamnionic (DCDA) twin pregnancies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was conducted in a tertiary university-affiliated medical center. All women with DCDA twin pregnancies were considered for inclusion. The primary outcome of interest was preterm birth <37 weeks of gestation and secondary outcomes included spontaneous preterm birth, iatrogenic (induced) preterm birth, gestational diabetes mellitus, pregnancy-induced hypertensive disorder, preeclampsia, preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM), intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy, placenta previa, neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission, birthweight discordance, small for gestational age, neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, ventilator support, and perinatal death and/or severe morbidity. These outcomes were compared between IVF/ICSI and spontaneous twin pregnancies. Multivariable logistic regressions were used to adjust for confounders. General estimated equation models were used to address intertwin correlation. RESULTS: A total of 1297 twin pregnancies, including 213 spontaneous and 1084 IVF/ICSI DCDA pregnancies, met the inclusion criteria. Women with IVF/ICSI pregnancies were older and had higher body mass index, adherence with prenatal care and proportion of nulliparity. After adjustment for confounders, IVF/ICSI pregnancies were associated with a slight increase in preterm birth <37 weeks of gestation (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 1.72; 95% CI 1.24-2.39), iatrogenic preterm birth <37 weeks of gestation (aOR 1.41; 95% CI 1.00-1.97) as well as NICU admission (aOR 1.34; 95% CI 1.00-1.80). IVF/ICSI pregnancies were associated with a decrease in PPROM (aOR 0.64; 95% CI 0.42-0.99). There were no differences between IVF/ICSI and spontaneous DCDA pregnancies in terms of spontaneous preterm birth, gestational diabetes mellitus, pregnancy-induced hypertensive disorder, preeclampsia, intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy, placenta previa, birthweight discordance, small for gestational age, neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, ventilator support, and perinatal death and/or severe morbidity. CONCLUSIONS: IVF/ICSI DCDA twin pregnancies were associated with a slight increase in preterm birth <37 weeks of gestation, iatrogenic preterm birth <37 weeks of gestation, and NICU admission but with a decrease in PPROM. Other outcomes were comparable between IVF/ICSI and spontaneous DCDA twin pregnancies. Multicenter studies with adequate power remain warranted.

3.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 20(1): 465, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32795269

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous evidence has suggested that lower gestational vitamin D levels might increase the risks of adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes. The results remain inconsistent and require further exploration. METHODS: A total of 2814 Chinese mother-infant pairs were included in this retrospective cohort study. Serum concentrations of 25(OH)D were reviewed in early pregnancy (16.3 ± 2.3 weeks). Outcomes of maternal gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), cesarean section, fetal distress, preterm birth, low birth weight (LBW), and macrosomia were extracted from the medical records. Cox regression analysis was used to explore these associations. RESULTS: In total, 19.3% of mothers were pregnant at an advanced age (≥35 years), and 40.3% of pregnant women had vitamin D deficiency (< 50 nmol/L). After adjusting for potential covariates, the hazard ratio (HR) (95% CI) per standard deviation (SD) increase of serum 25(OH)D concentrations was 0.86 (0.779, 0.951) for GDM, 0.844 (0.730, 0.976) for preterm birth, and 0.849 (0.726, 0.993) for LBW. Similar protective associations were found for GDM, cesarean section, and preterm birth for a better vitamin D status when compared with vitamin D deficiency. CONCLUSION: Higher early pregnancy vitamin D was associated with a lower risk of GDM, cesarean section, preterm birth, and LBW.

4.
Diabetes Care ; 43(10): 2435-2443, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32723842

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of erythrocyte n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) biomarkers with incident type 2 diabetes and explore the potential role of gut microbiota in the association. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We evaluated 2,731 participants without type 2 diabetes recruited between 2008 and 2013 in the Guangzhou Nutrition and Health Study (Guangzhou, China). Case subjects with type 2 diabetes were identified with clinical and biochemical information collected at follow-up visits. Using stool samples collected during the follow-up in the subset (n = 1,591), 16S rRNA profiling was conducted. Using multivariable-adjusted Poisson or linear regression, we examined associations of erythrocyte n-6 PUFA biomarkers with incident type 2 diabetes and diversity and composition of gut microbiota. RESULTS: Over 6.2 years of follow-up, 276 case subjects with type 2 diabetes were identified (risk 0.10). Higher levels of erythrocyte γ-linolenic acid (GLA), but not linoleic or arachidonic acid, were associated with higher type 2 diabetes incidence. Comparing the top to the bottom quartile groups of GLA levels, relative risk was 1.72 (95% CI 1.21, 2.44) adjusted for potential confounders. Baseline GLA was inversely associated with gut microbial richness and diversity (α-diversity, both P < 0.05) during follow-up and significantly associated with microbiota ß-diversity (P = 0.002). α-Diversity acted as a potential mediator in the association between GLA and type 2 diabetes (P < 0.05). Seven genera (Butyrivibrio, Blautia, Oscillospira, Odoribacter, S24-7 other, Rikenellaceae other, and Clostridiales other) were enriched in quartile 1 of GLA and in participants without type 2 diabetes. CONCLUSIONS: Relative concentrations of erythrocyte GLA were positively associated with incident type 2 diabetes in a Chinese population and also with gut microbial profiles. These results highlight that gut microbiota may play an important role linking n-6 PUFA metabolism and type 2 diabetes etiology.

5.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; : 1-14, 2020 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32598176

RESUMO

We aimed to quantify and generate comprehensive evidence on the associations of different fatty acids (FAs) with the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). PubMed, MEDLINE, and Embase were searched for prospective cohort studies that examined the association between FA biomarkers and the risk of T2DM published before 18 May 2020. Random-effects meta-analyses of the effects of FA concentration on T2DM were performed. Thirty-three studies involving 95,810 adults (19,904 cases) were included. Divergent associations of different types of FAs with type 2 diabetes were observed. The pooled relative risk (RRs) of T2DM comparing the top versus the bottom tertile of saturated FAs (C14:0, C16:0, C18:0, total saturated FAs), monounsaturated FA (C16:1 n-7), polyunsaturated FA (C20:3 n-6, C22:4 n-6), and Δ-6-desaturase activities ranged from 1.19 to 1.80. Interestingly, unlike previous studies, we found a negative correlation between odd-chain saturated FAs (C15:0, C17:0), trans-FAs (trans-C16:1 n-7), total n-6, Δ-5-desaturase activities and risk of T2DM. The pooled RRs of T2DM comparing the top versus the bottom tertile of these FAs ranged from 0.62 to 0.78. No associations with T2DM were observed for the other FAs. Considerable heterogeneity was observed in our study, and no definitive conclusions can be made until further investigation has been carried out.

6.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 2020 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32474847

RESUMO

Studies of the relationship of copper (Cu), magnesium (Mg), and calcium (Ca) levels with blood pressure in children are limited. This cross-sectional study included 443 children aged 6-9 years from Guangzhou, China. Plasma concentrations of Cu, Mg, and Ca were measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were measured with an electronic sphygmomanometer. Elevated SBP and DBP were defined as the 90th percentile or greater (age and sex specific) of reference values for Chinese children. Abnormal blood pressure (ABP) was defined as an elevated SBP and/or DBP. The plasma Cu concentration was positively correlated with blood pressure, body mass index (BMI), and the C-reactive protein (CRP) level, whereas the plasma Mg and Ca concentrations were negatively correlated with SBP. A higher Cu concentration (T3 vs. T1) was associated with a higher risk of ABP (odds ratio (OR) 2.55, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.20 to 5.40). In contrast, children in the top tertiles of Mg (OR 0.42, 95% CI 0.18 to 0.98) and Ca (OR 0.28, 95% CI 0.11 to 0.70) concentrations showed lower risks of ABP than those in the bottom tertiles. Path analysis showed that the CRP levels and BMI mediated the associations between the Cu concentration and ABP. We found that higher plasma Mg and Ca concentrations were negatively related to blood pressure in children aged 6-9 years. In contrast, a higher plasma Cu concentration was positively correlated with the risk of ABP, and the association was mediated by CRP and BMI.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32256449

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the size and shape association of OGTT values with adverse pregnancy complications among women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in Southern Han Chinese population and further analyze their mediating effects with maternal age in outcomes. Methods: 6,861 women with GDM were included in the study. Logistic regression was used to identify the correlations between OGTT values and adverse pregnancy outcomes of GDM. Restricted cubic spline nested logistic regression was conducted to investigate potential non-linear and linear associations. Mediating effect among maternal age, OGTT and adverse outcomes were explored. Results: Women with GDM had a mean age of 31.83, and 24.49% had advanced maternal age (≥35 years). In logistic regression with adjustment, compared with lower OGTT0 (<5.1 mmol/L), GDM patients with higher OGTT0 (≥5.1 mmol/L) exhibited 1.891 (95% CI: 1.441-2.298, P < 0.001), 1.284 (1.078-1.529, P = 0.005), 1.285 (1.065-1.550, P = 0.009), and 1.302 (1.067-1.590, P = 0.010) times increased risk of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP), preterm, neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, and macrosomia, respectively. GDM patients with higher OGTT1 (≥10 mmol/L) had only found to exhibited 1.473-fold (1.162-1.867, P = 0.001) increasing risk of HDP than those with lower OGTT1 (<10 mmol/L). No adverse outcome was identified to associate with higher OGTT2 (≥8.5 mmol/L). Linear relationships (non-linear P > 0.05) were observed between OGTT0 and HDP, preterm, neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, and macrosomia in both maternal age groups (<35 and ≥35 years). Non-linear associations of OGTT1 with incidence of HDP, preterm, and neonatal hyperbilirubinemia were detected in GDM patients younger than 35 years (non-linear P = 0.037, P = 0.049, P = 0.039, respectively), rising more steeply at higher values. Similar non-linearity was noted for OGTT2 with HDP in older patients. All OGTT values had significant mediating effects on some special complications caused by higher age. Conclusion: Higher fasting plasma glucose was more strongly linked to adverse pregnancy outcomes among GDM patients. Both linearity and Non-linearity of associations between glucose and complications should be taken into account. A careful reconsideration of GDM with hierarchical and individualized management according to OGTT is needed.

8.
J Nutr ; 150(6): 1488-1498, 2020 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32167145

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The total and specific types of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) related to metabolic syndrome (MetS) remain inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: We assessed the association of erythrocyte n-3 and n-6 PUFAs with MetS and the components of MetS in a cohort population. METHODS: This prospective analysis included 2754 participants (aged 40-75 y) from the Guangzhou Nutrition and Health Study (2008-2019) in China. Erythrocyte PUFAs at baseline were measured using gas chromatography. MetS was assessed every 3 y according to the updated National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria. Multivariable Cox proportional hazard models were used to evaluate HRs and 95% CIs. RESULTS: We identified 716 incident cases of MetS. The primary analyses showed that the HRs (95% CIs) of MetS (tertile 3 versus 1) were 0.67 (0.56, 0.80) for n-3 PUFAs and 0.70 (0.58, 0.85) for n-6 PUFAs (all Ps trend <0.001). The secondary outcomes showed that, higher erythrocyte very-long-chain (VLC) PUFAs [20:3n-3, docosapentaenoic acid (DPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), arachidonic acid (ARA), and 22:4n-6], but lower α-linolenic acid (ALA) and γ-linolenic acid (GLA), tended to be associated with lower incidences of MetS and its components; among individual MetS components, the associations of PUFAs were more pronounced for hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) and hypertension, followed by low high-density lipoproten (HDL) cholesterol. Significantly higher concentrations of n-3 PUFAs (total, DPA, and DHA) and n-6 PUFAs (total, ARA, and 22:4) were observed in participants with improved (versus progressed) status of MetS (all Ps trend ≤0.003). CONCLUSION: This study reveals that higher erythrocyte VLC n-3 and n-6 PUFAs, but lower 18-carbon PUFAs (ALA and GLA), are associated with lower risks of MetS components (HTG, hypertension, and low HDL cholesterol) and thereby lower MetS incidence in Chinese adults.


Assuntos
Membrana Eritrocítica/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3/sangue , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-6/sangue , Síndrome Metabólica/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , China , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
9.
Eur J Nutr ; 59(3): 941-951, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30937580

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Previous studies have shown that high-dose supplementation with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) may benefit patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), but the association of n-3 PUFAs with NAFLD among individuals with normal diets is only speculative. We investigated the cross-sectional and prospective associations between n-3 PUFAs and NAFLD in Chinese adults. METHODS: This community-based prospective study included 3049 men and women (40-75 years) in Guangzhou, China, whose participants completed an NAFLD ultrasound evaluation and erythrocyte PUFA tests. A total of 2660 participants underwent the second NAFLD evaluation approximately 3 years later. α-Linolenic acid (ALA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in erythrocytes were measured by gas chromatography. RESULTS: After adjusting for potential confounders, we observed inverse associations between DHA, DHA + EPA, total n-3 PUFAs and the presence of NAFLD in the cross-sectional analysis. The adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence interval) of NAFLD for the highest (vs. lowest) tertile were 0.74 (0.61, 0.90) for DHA, 0.82 (0.67, 1.00) for EPA, 0.73 (0.60, 0.88) for DHA + EPA and 0.74 (0.61, 0.91) for total n-3 PUFAs  (all P values≤0.05). Over the average 3.12 years of follow-up, higher levels of DHA was associated with an improvement of NAFLD. The hazard ratio of improved NAFLD for the highest tertile was 1.18 (95% CI 1.09, 1.33) for DHA. Pathway analyses showed that favorable associations may be mediated by improvements in inflammatory markers (e.g., interleukin 1 beta and tumor necrosis factor alpha-like). CONCLUSIONS: Erythrocyte membrane n-3 PUFAs are inversely associated with the presence and progression of NAFLD in Chinese adults. TRIAL REGISTRATIONS: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03179657.

10.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 11: 611071, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33613448

RESUMO

Objective: Although research suggests a close association between maternal thyroid function and birth outcomes, no clear conclusion has been reached. We aimed to explore this potential association in a retrospective cohort study. Methods: This study included 8985 mother-child dyads. The maternal serum free tetraiodothyronine (FT4), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), and thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPO Ab) concentrations and birth outcome data were reviewed from medical records. Subjects with TPO Ab concentrations of >34 and ≤34 IU/ml were classified into the TPO Ab positivity (+) and TPO Ab negativity (-) groups, respectively. Results: Compared with subjects in the normal group (0.1 ≤ TSH < 2.5 mIU/L and TPO Ab-), those with TSH concentrations of 2.5-4.0 mIU/L and TPO Ab- had a 0.65-fold lower risk of low birth weight (LBW). In contrast, those with TSH concentrations of >4.0 mIU/L, regardless of the TPO Ab status, had a 2.01-fold increased risk of LBW. Subclinical hypothyroidism, regardless of the TPO Ab status, was associated with a 1.94-fold higher risk of LBW when compared with that in subjects with euthyroidism and TPO Ab-. No other significant associations were observed. Conclusion: A maternal TSH concentration of 2.5-4.0 mIU/L was associated with a lower risk of LBW when combined with TPO Ab-, whereas subjects with a TSH concentration of >4.0 mIU/L had an increased risk of LBW. Subclinical hypothyroidism appears to be associated with a higher risk of LBW.

11.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 243: 97-102, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678762

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: No recommendations are available for gestational weight gain (GWG) in underweight women with twin pregnancies. We aimed to evaluate whether underweight women with twin pregnancies should gain more weight than normal-weight women in order to optimize perinatal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective cohort study compared the GWG and perinatal outcomes among normal-weight and underweight women who gave birth to viable twins between 2015 and 2018 at the Maternal and Child Health Hospital in Foshan, China. Gestational weight gain (GWG) was categorized as adequate or inadequate GWG, based on the US Institute of Medicine 2009 guidelines for normal-weight women (≥ 0.46 kg/week). The outcomes of interest included spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB) <37 weeks, <35 and <32 weeks, small for gestational age (SGA), gestational hypertensive disorder (GHD), gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), birth weight discordance (BDW) ≥20%, neonatal intensive unit (NICU) admission and neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS). Propensity score matching (PSM, in a 1:1 ratio) was utilized to minimize the effects of confounders on the differences in the two cohorts. Multivariable logistic models were also used to verify the results from PSM analysis. RESULTS: There were 475 normal-weight and 111 underweight women included in the analysis. Our results suggested that the incidence of adequate GWG was comparable between underweight and normal-weight women (37.5% vs. 45.1%, P = 0.141). The prevalence of GDM was significantly lower among underweight women (9.9%) than among normal-weight women (20.4%) (P = 0.010). There was no evidence of differences in other perinatal outcomes between the two groups. 102 underweight women and 102 normal-weight women were included in PSM analyses. There was a lower incidence of GDM in underweight women than in normal-weight women, but the difference was not significant (9.8% vs. 18.6%, P = 0.071). No evidence of any differences in the other outcomes, including sPTB, GHD, BWD≥20%, SGA, NICU admission and NRDS, was found between the underweight and normal-weight women. Multivariable logistic regression models yielded similar results. CONCLUSIONS: For Chinese twin pregnant women with twin pregnancies, our data does provide evidence to suggest underweight women need to gain more weight than normal-weight women to optimize perinatal outcomes. Future studies with larger number of underweight women with twin gestations are warranted to establish an optimal range of GWG.


Assuntos
Retardo do Crescimento Fetal/epidemiologia , Ganho de Peso na Gestação , Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez/epidemiologia , Gravidez de Gêmeos , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Recém-Nascido/epidemiologia , Magreza/epidemiologia , Adulto , Peso ao Nascer , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Pequeno para a Idade Gestacional , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal/estatística & dados numéricos , Modelos Logísticos , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
12.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 12099, 2019 08 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31431662

RESUMO

This retrospective cohort study aimed to investigate the effect of placental location on birthweight discordance among diamniotic-dichorionic twin pregnancies. Medical records and sonographic reports of 978 diamniotic-dichorionic twin pregnancies delivered at Foshan Maternal and Fetal Health Hospital were reviewed. Pregnancies with congenital malformation, intrauterine death or placenta previa were excluded. The placental location for each twin was determined by last sonographic examination before delivery, and the pregnancies were grouped by different versus same placental location in each pregnancy. Maternal and fetal characteristics were summarized. The primary outcome of interest was birthweight discordance (BWD) ≥20%, and secondary outcomes included small for gestational age (SGA) as a binary outcome and mean value and absolute difference in birthweight as continuous outcomes. Student's t test and the chi-square test were used for univariate analyses, while multivariate regressions were used to adjust for confounders. General estimated equation (GEE) models were used to address the correlation between fetuses when assessing SGA. A total of 866 eligible subjects were included in the analysis. In total, 460 pregnancies had placentas with different locations, and 406 had placentas with same locations. The gestational age at delivery was slightly younger in the same placental location group than in the different placental location group (35.8 ± 0.1 vs. 36.1 ± 0.1 weeks, P = 0.067). Other maternal and fetal characteristics were comparable between the two study groups. There was no significant difference in BWD ≥20% (aOR = 1.06; 95% CI: 0.71-1.59) or SGA (aOR = 1.32; 95% CI: 0.76-2.28) between the same and different placental location groups. Neither the mean value nor the absolute difference in birth weight was associated with placental location combination (P = 0.478 and P = 0.162, respectively). In conclusion, discordant birthweight is not affected by same location of diamniotic-dichorionic placentas.


Assuntos
Peso ao Nascer/fisiologia , Doenças Fetais/diagnóstico por imagem , Placenta/diagnóstico por imagem , Gravidez de Gêmeos , Adulto , Âmnio/fisiologia , Córion/fisiologia , Feminino , Doenças Fetais/fisiopatologia , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Placenta/fisiopatologia , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal
13.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 19(1): 262, 2019 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340779

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gestational weight gain (GWG) has implications for perinatal outcomes, the guidelines for maternal weight gain, however, remain understudied among twin pregnancies. This study aimed to assess the associations between perinatal outcomes and GWG among twin pregnancies, based on the US institute of Medicine (IOM) 2009 guidelines. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of pregnant women with viable twins ≥26 weeks of gestation, was conducted in Foshan, China, during July 2015 and June 2018. Maternal BMI was categorized based on Chinese standard and GWG was categorized as below, within and above the IOM 2009 recommendations. Underweight women were excluded for analysis. Perinatal outcomes were compared among these groups. To assess the independent impact of GWG on the perinatal outcomes, conventional multivariable regression and general estimated equation (GEE) were utilized for maternal outcomes and neonatal outcomes, respectively. RESULTS: A total of 645 mothers with twin pregnancies were included, of whom 15.0, 41.4 and 43.6% gained weight below, within and above guidelines, respectively. Compared to weight gain within guidelines, inadequate weight gain was associated with increased risks in spontaneous preterm birth < 37 weeks (aOR:3.55; 95% CI: 1.73-7.28) and < 35 weeks (aOR:2.63; 95% CI: 1.16-5.97). Women who gained weight above guidelines were more likely to have gestational hypertension disorder (aOR: 2.36; 95% CI: 1.32-4.21), pre-eclampsia (aOR: 2.59; 95% CI: 1.29-5.21) and have fetuses weighted >90th percentile and less likely to have fetuses weighted < 2500 g and < 1500 g. CONCLUSIONS: Maintenance of gestational weight gain within the normal range could decrease the risk of adverse perinatal outcomes. However, the causality between pre-eclampsia and gestational weight gain requires further investigations.


Assuntos
Ganho de Peso na Gestação , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Gravidez de Gêmeos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , China , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
BMC Pediatr ; 19(1): 127, 2019 04 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31018842

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Former evidence regarding reference values of abdominal fat percentage (AFP) and optimal anthropometric indicators in predicting abdominal obesity measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan in Chinese children were scarce. METHODS: A total of 452 Chinese children aged 6-9 years were included in this cross-sectional study. Abdominal fat and lean mass were measured by a DXA scan, and AFP were calculated. Anthropometric indicators including body mass index (BMI), chest circumference (CC), waist circumference (WC) and hip circumference (HC) were measured, waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) was also calculated. RESULTS: By defining abdominal obesity as those with an AFP ≥ 85th percentile, the cutoffs values are 24.80, 30.29, 31.58, 31.86% in boys, and 25.02, 30.32, 31.66, 31.79% in girls, for children aged 6, 7, 8, and 9 years old, respectively. All anthropometric indicators were independently and positively associated with AFP (P all < 0.01). In girls, BMI was found to be the optimal predictors of childhood abdominal obesity. The values of area under curves (AUCs) were significantly higher (P all < 0.05) than other anthropometric indicators, except for WHtR (AUCs value: 0.886). However, in boys, WHtR instead of BMI, provided the largest AUCs value (0.922) in predicting abdominal obesity, followed by BMI ((AUCs value: 0.913). CONCLUSION: This study provides reference values of AFP measured by DXA in Chinese children aged 6-9 years. BMI and WHtR tend to be the optimal anthropometric indicators in predicting abdominal obesity in Chinese girls and boys, respectively.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Obesidade Abdominal/diagnóstico , Obesidade Abdominal/epidemiologia , Obesidade Pediátrica/epidemiologia , Circunferência da Cintura , Absorciometria de Fóton , Antropometria , Área Sob a Curva , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Obesidade Pediátrica/diagnóstico , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Curva ROC , Medição de Risco , Relação Cintura-Quadril
15.
Eur J Nutr ; 58(2): 721-730, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29594435

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Previous studies have suggested that serum carotenoids might be inversely associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), but little data came from longitudinal studies. We prospectively examined the associations between serum-carotenoid levels and NAFLD severity and the intermediary effects of retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4), HOMA insulin-resistance index (HOMA-IR), body mass index (BMI), and serum triglycerides in middle-aged and elderly Chinese adults. METHODS: This prospective study included 3336 Chinese adults (40-75 years). We assessed serum concentrations of carotenoids at baseline and determined serum RBP4, triglycerides, and HOMA-IR levels at year 3. Abdominal ultrasonography was conducted to assess the presence and degree of NAFLD at years 3 and 6. RESULTS: The 2687 subjects who completed both NAFLD tests were classified into stable, improved and progressed groups according to changes in the degree of NAFLD between two visits. Analyses of covariance showed that ln-transformed serum concentrations of α-carotene, ß-cryptoxanthin, ß-carotene, lycopene, lutein/zeaxanthin, and total carotenoids were positively associated with NAFLD improvement (all p-trend < 0.05). After multivariable adjustment, mean differences in serum carotenoids were higher by 29.6% (ß-carotene), 18.2% (α-carotene), 15.6% (ß-cryptoxanthin), 11.5% (lycopene), 8.9% (lutein/zeaxanthin), and 16.6% (total carotenoids) in the improved vs. progressed subjects. Path analyses indicated the carotenoid-NAFLD association was mediated by lowering serum RBP4, triglycerides, HOMA-IR, and BMI, which were positively associated with the prevalence and progression of NAFLD. CONCLUSIONS: In middle-aged and elderly adults, higher serum-carotenoid concentrations were favorably associated with NAFLD improvement, mediated by reducing serum RBP4, triglycerides, HOMA-IR, and BMI. TRIAL REGISTRATIONS: This study has been registered at http://www.clinicaltrials.gov as NCT03179657.


Assuntos
Carotenoides/sangue , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , China , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Resistência à Insulina , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Proteínas Plasmáticas de Ligação ao Retinol/metabolismo , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Ultrassonografia
16.
Nutr Metab (Lond) ; 15: 79, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30455723

RESUMO

Background: Sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), a glycoprotein synthesized by hepatocytes, has been linked to insulin resistance and hepatic lipid metabolism and is suggested to be associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This study aimed to investigate the association of SHBG with NAFLD in Chinese adults. Methods: We conducted a community-based, cross-sectional study in China involving 2912 participants aged 40-75 years old. All participants underwent detection for hepatic fat infiltration by ultrasound in addition to providing complete medical history and undergoing physical and blood biochemical examinations. The association of serum SHBG with the presence of NAFLD was reported by adjusted odds ratio after applying logistic regression models. To further explore the relationship between SHBG and NAFLD, mRNA expression of SHBG and hepatocyte nuclear factor 4-α (HNF4α), as well as intrahepatic triglycerides, were determined from the liver tissues of 32 subjects with different degrees of steatosis. Results: Serum SHBG levels in patients with NAFLD (median, 43.8 nmol/L; interquartile range, 33.4-56.8 nmol/L) were significantly lower than those in non-NAFLD subjects (median, 63.4 nmol/L; interquartile range, 47.6-83.1 nmol/L). Serum SHBG levels were inversely correlated with WHR, trunk fat percentage, glucose, HOMA-IR, TG, UA and DHEAS, and were positively correlated with HDL-C levels (all p <  0.001). Logistic regression analysis indicated that serum SHBG levels were negatively associated with the presence of NAFLD in all subjects, as well as the subgroups stratified by sex, BMI and HOMA-IR (all p <  0.05). In human liver tissues, SHBG and HNF4α mRNA expression decreased along with the elevated grade of hepatic steatosis. Both SHBG and HNF4α mRNA expression levels were negatively correlated with intrahepatic triglycerides. Conclusions: These results demonstrate that SHBG levels were negatively associated with the presence of NAFLD in middle-aged and elderly Chinese adults.

17.
Nutrients ; 10(10)2018 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30275386

RESUMO

The association between circulating saturated fatty acids (SFAs) and incident type 2 diabetes (T2D) is reported in Western populations with inconsistent results, while evidence from Asian populations is scarce. We aimed to examine the associations between erythrocyte SFAs and incident T2D in a Chinese population. Between 2008 and 2013, a total of 2683 participants, aged 40⁻75 years, free of diabetes were included in the present analyses. Incident T2D cases were ascertained during follow-up visits. Gas chromatography was used to measure erythrocyte fatty acids at baseline. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to estimate the hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). During 13,508 person years of follow-up, 216 T2D cases were identified. Compared with the first quartile, multivariable-adjusted HRs (95% CIs) of the fourth quartile were 1.20 (0.82⁻1.76; p = 0.242) for myristic acid (14-carbon tail, zero double bonds; 14:0), 0.69 (0.48⁻0.99; p = 0.080) for palmitic acid (16:0), 1.49 (1.02⁻2.19; p = 0.047) for stearic acid (18:0), 1.46 (1.00⁻2.12; p = 0.035) for arachidic acid (20:0), 1.48 (0.99⁻2.22; p = 0.061) for behenic acid (22:0), and 1.08 (0.74⁻1.56; p = 0.913) for lignoceric acid (24:0). Our findings indicate that individual erythrocyte SFAs are associated with T2D in different directions, with 18:0 and 20:0 SFAs positively associated with the risk, whereas no convincing inverse association for 16:0 SFAs.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/etiologia , Eritrócitos/química , Ácidos Graxos/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Ácidos Eicosanoicos/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ácido Mirístico/sangue , Ácido Palmítico/sangue , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Ácidos Esteáricos/sangue
18.
Nutrients ; 10(3)2018 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29495330

RESUMO

(1) Background: Carotenoids may be inversely associated with inflammatory markers (i.e., TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1ß). However, data are scarce on retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) in humans. We examined the associations among serum carotenoids, RBP4 and several inflammatory markers in a Chinese population. (2) Methods: This community-based cross-sectional study included 3031 participants (68% males) aged 40-75 years in Guangzhou, China. Serum concentrations of carotenoids, RBP4, and inflammatory markers were measured. (3) Results: Generally, serum individual and total carotenoids were significantly and inversely associated with retinol-adjusted RBP4, RBP4, hsCRP, MCP1, and TNF-alpha levels. Age- and gender-adjusted partial correlation coefficients between total carotenoids and the above inflammatory markers were -0.129, -0.097, -0.159, -0.079, and -0.014 (all p < 0.01, except for TNF-alpha with p >0.05), respectively. The multivariate-adjusted values of partial correlation coefficients for these inflammation-related markers were -0.098, -0.079, -0.114, -0.090, and -0.079 (all p < 0.01), respectively. Among the individual carotenoids, those with the most predominant association were lutein-zeaxanthin and total carotenoids for retinol-adjusted RBP4 and RBP4, alpha- and beta-carotene for hsCRP, and alpha-carotene for MCP1 and TNF-alpha. No significant associations were observed for IL-6 and IL-1beta. (4) Conclusions: Serum carotenoids were inversely associated with RBP4, hsCRP, MCP1 and TNF-alpha among middle-aged and elderly Chinese adults.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , Carotenoides/sangue , Inflamação/sangue , Proteínas Plasmáticas de Ligação ao Retinol/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Quimiocina CCL2/sangue , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta/sangue , Interleucina-6/sangue , Luteína/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Zeaxantinas/sangue
19.
Br J Nutr ; 117(8): 1181-1188, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28514984

RESUMO

Researches have suggested Mediterranean diet might lower the risk of chronic diseases, but data on skeletal muscle mass (SMM) are limited. This community-based cross-sectional study examined the association between the alternate Mediterranean diet score (aMDS) and SMM in 2230 females and 1059 males aged 40-75 years in Guangzhou, China. General information and habitual dietary information were assessed in face-to-face interviews conducted during 2008-2010 and 3 years later. The aMDS was calculated by summing the dichotomous points for the items of higher intakes of whole grain, vegetables, fruits, legumes, nuts, fish and ratio of MUFA:SFA, lower red meat and moderate ethanol consumption. The SMM of the whole body, limbs, arms and legs were measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry during 2011-2013. After adjusting for potential covariates, higher aMDS was positively associated with skeletal muscle mass index (SMI, SMM/height2, kg/m2) at all of the studied sites in males (all P trend<0·05). The multiple covariate-adjusted SMI means were 2·70 % (whole body), 2·65 % (limbs), 2·50 % (arms) and 2·70 % (legs) higher in the high (v. low) category aMDS in males (all P<0·05). In females, the corresponding values were 1·35 % (P trend=0·03), 1·05, 0·52 and 1·20 %, (P trend>0·05). Age-stratified analyses showed that the favourable associations tended to be more pronounced in the younger subjects aged less than the medians of 59·2 and 62·2 years in females and males (P interaction>0·10). In conclusion, the aMDS shows protective associations with SMM in Chinese adults, particularly in male and younger subjects.


Assuntos
Inquéritos sobre Dietas , Dieta Mediterrânea , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
20.
Sci Rep ; 7: 45100, 2017 03 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28332619

RESUMO

Previous reports on the association between retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) were controversial. This study aimed to investigate the association between the serum RBP4 levels and occurrence of NAFLD in Chinese population. In total, 2938 participants aged 40-75 years were involved in this community-based cross-sectional study. General information, lifestyle factors, serum levels of RBP4 and the presence of NAFLD were determined. Patients with NAFLD had significantly higher concentrations of RBP4 (37.9 ± 6.8 µg/ml) than did non-NAFLD controls (35.0 ± 6.7 µg/ml) (P < 0.001). The odds ratios (ORs) of NAFLD for the highest (vs. lowest) quartile of RBP4 were 1.884 (95% CI: 1.391, 2.551) for females (P < 0.001), and 2.107 (95% CI: 1.357, 3.273) for male participants (P < 0.01) after adjusting for related factors. The serum RBP4 levels were positively associated with the prevalence of NAFLD in middle-aged and elderly Chinese people, and Homeostatic model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), trunk fat, the waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), systolic blood pressure (SBP), fasting insulin, high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and triglycerides (TG) might be implicated in the pathogenesis of RBP4 in NAFLD.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/etiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo , Proteínas Plasmáticas de Ligação ao Retinol/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Proteínas Plasmáticas de Ligação ao Retinol/metabolismo , Fatores de Risco
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