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1.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 2020 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939096

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many studies confirm that anatomical resection was associated with favorable oncologic outcomes for patients with HCC who had preserved as much of the remnant liver tissue as possible.1,2 In recent years, laparoscopic liver resection has been widely extended from minor resection to complex hepatectomy,3 However, surgery on tumors located in the posterosuperior segment remains a demanding procedure regardless of the extent of resection.4 Laparoscopic anatomical segment VII resection has one of the highest difficulty scores based on the tumor location due to poor accessibility, hard to exposure, and difficulty in obtaining sufficient surgical margins.5,6 Here, we report a totally laparoscopic anatomical VII resection using the Glissonian approach with indocyanine green dye fluorescence. METHODS: A 74-year-old man with a body mass index of 31.9 kg/m2 suffered from HBV-related cirrhosis was admitted to our institution. The preoperative Gd-EOB-DTPA MRI showed a 2.7-cm HCC located in segment VIII. The preoperative AFP is 3431 ng/ml. A true anatomical segmentectomy was performed by using selective occlusion of segment VII Glissonian pedicle, which was identified from the liver hilum. Indocyanine green (ICG) dye demarcation was used as a guidance during parenchymal transection. RESULTS: The operative time was 270 min with an estimated blood loss of 200 mL. The postoperative course was uneventful. Drainage tube was pulled out on the fourth day. The pathology confirmed the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma and the surgical margin was negative. The patient was discharged on the 8th day after operation. CONCLUSIONS: Totally laparoscopic anatomical segment VII resection is a technically challenging operation. Advanced laparoscopic skills are necessary to complete such a difficult procedure safely. Glissonian approach and ICG fluorescence imaging guide parenchyma resection could be help.

2.
Regen Med ; 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31829095

RESUMO

Aim: To determine the efficacy and safety of intracoronary infusion of autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCINJ) in combination with intensive atorvastatin (ATV) treatment for patients with anterior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction-elevation myocardial infarction. Patients & methods: The trial enrolls a total of 100 patients with anterior ST-elevation myocardial infarction. The subjects are randomly assigned (1:1:1:1) to receive routine ATV (20 mg/d) with placebo or MSCsINJ and intensive ATV (80 mg/d) with placebo or MSCsINJ. The primary end point is the absolute change of left ventricular ejection fraction within 12 months. The secondary end points include parameters in cardiac function, remodeling and regeneration, quality of life, biomarkers and clinical outcomes. Results & conclusion: The trial will implicate the essential of cardiac micro-environment improvement ('fertilizing') for cell-based therapy. Clinical Trial Registration: NCT03047772.

3.
Am J Transl Res ; 11(7): 4214-4231, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31396330

RESUMO

The SDF-1/CXCR4 signaling plays a critical role in the trafficking of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to the sites of tissue damage. Our recent study demonstrated that atorvastatin (ATV) treatment improved the survival of MSCs, and ATV pretreated MSCs (ATV-MSCs) exhibited enhanced engraftment to injured myocardium. In this study, we investigated whether combined treatment with ATV and ATV-MSCs enhances cardiac repair and regeneration by activating SDF-1/CXCR4 signaling in a rat model of acute myocardial infarction. Rats were randomized into eight groups: the Sham, AMI control and 6 other groups that were subjected to AMI followed by treatment with MSCs, ATV, ATV+MSCs, ATV-MSCs, ATV+ATV-MSCs, ATV+ATV-MSCs+AMD3100 (SDF-1/CXCR4 antagonist), respectively. ATV+ATV-MSCs significantly potentiated targeted recruitment of MSCs to peri-infarct myocardium and resulted in further improvements in cardiac function and reduction in scar size compared with MSCs treatment alone at 4-week after AMI. More importantly, the cardioprotective effects conferred by ATV+ATV-MSCs were almost completely abolished by AMD3100 treatment. Together, our study demonstrated that ATV+ATV-MSCs significantly enhanced the targeted recruitment and survival of transplanted MSCs, and resulted in subsequent cardiac function improvement by augmenting SDF-1/CXCR4 signaling.

4.
Surg Endosc ; 32(10): 4271-4276, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29616339

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Due to higher technical requirements, laparoscopic major hepatectomy (LMH) for primary hepatolithiasis have been limited to a few institutions. This retrospective study was performed to evaluate the therapeutic safety, and perioperative and long-term outcomes of LMH versus open major hepatectomy (OMH) for hepatolithiasis. METHODS: From January 2012 to December 2016, 61 patients with hepatolithiasis who underwent major hepatectomy were enrolled, including 29 LMH and 32 OMH. The perioperative outcomes and postoperative complications, as well as long-term outcomes, including the stone clearance and recurrence rate, were evaluated. RESULTS: There was no difference of surgical procedures between the two groups. The mean operation time was (262 ± 83) min in the LMH group and (214 ± 66) min in the OMH group (p = 0.05). There is no difference of intra-operative bleeding (310 ± 233) ml versus (421 ± 359) ml (p = 0.05). In the LMH group, there were shorter time to postoperative oral intake ((1.1 ± 0.6) days versus (3.1 ± 1.8) days, p = 0.01) and shorter hospital stay [(7.2 ± 2.3) days versus (11.8 ± 5.5) days, p = 0.03] than the open group. The LMH group had comparable stone clearance rate with the OMH group during the initial surgery (82.8% vs. 84.4%, p = 0.86). CONCLUSIONS: LMH could be an effective and safe treatment for selected patients with hepatolithiasis, with an advantage over OMH in the field of less intra-operative blood loss, less intra-operative transfusion, less overall complications, and faster postoperative recovery.


Assuntos
Cálculos/cirurgia , Hepatectomia/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Hepatopatias/cirurgia , Idoso , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Transfusão de Sangue , Feminino , Hepatectomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Front Pharmacol ; 8: 775, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29163161

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Tongxinluo (TXL) is a multifunctional traditional Chinese medicine that has been widely used to treat cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. However, no studies have explored whether TXL can protect human cardiomyocytes (HCMs) from ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Reperfusion Injury Salvage Kinase (RISK) pathway activation was previously demonstrated to protect the hearts against I/R injury and it is generally activated via Akt or (and) Erk 1/2, and their common downstream protein, ribosomal protein S6 kinase (p70s6k). In addition, prior studies proved that TXL treatment of cells promoted secretion of VEGF, which could be stimulated by the increased phosphorylation of one p70s6k subtype, p70s6k1. Consequently, we hypothesized TXL could protect HCMs from I/R injury by activating p70s6k1 and investigated the underlying mechanism. Methods and Results: HCMs were exposed to hypoxia (18 h) and reoxygenation (2 h) (H/R), with or without TXL pretreatment. H/R reduced mitochondrial membrane potential, increased bax/bcl-2 ratios and cytochrome C levels and induced HCM apoptosis. TXL preconditioning reversed these H/R-induced changes in a dose-dependent manner and was most effective at 400 µg/mL. The anti-apoptotic effect of TXL was abrogated by rapamycin, an inhibitor of p70s6k. However, inhibitors of Erk1/2 (U0126) or Akt (LY294002) failed to inhibit the protective effect of TXL. TXL increased p70s6k1 expression and, thus, enhanced its phosphorylation. Furthermore, transfection of cardiomyocytes with siRNA to p70s6k1 abolished the protective effects of TXL. Among the micro-RNAs (miR-145-5p, miR-128-3p and miR-497-5p) previously reported to target p70s6k1, TXL downregulated miR-128-3p in HCMs during H/R, but had no effects on miR-145-5p and miR-497-5p. An in vivo study confirmed the role of the p70s6k1 pathway in the infarct-sparing effect of TXL, demonstrating that TXL decreased miR-128-3p levels in the rat myocardium during I/R. Transfection of HCMs with a hsa-miR-128-3p mimic eliminated the protective effects of TXL. Conclusions: The miR-128-3p/p70s6k1 signaling pathway is involved in protection by TXL against HCM apoptosis during H/R. Overexpression of p70s6k1 is, therefore, a potential new strategy for alleviating myocardial reperfusion injury.

6.
Front Physiol ; 8: 494, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28751864

RESUMO

Although exosomes were previously recognized as a mechanism for discharging useless cellular components, growing evidence has elucidated their roles in conveying information between cells. They contribute to cell-cell communication by carrying nucleic acids, proteins and lipids that can, in turn, regulate behavior of the target cells. Recent research suggested that exosomes extensively participate in progression of diverse cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), such as myocardial infarction, cardiomyopathy, pulmonary arterial hypertension and others. Here, we summarize effects of exosome-derived molecules (mainly microRNAs and proteins) on cardiac function, to examine their potential applications as biomarkers or therapeutics in CVDs.

7.
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol ; 313(3): H508-H523, 2017 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28646026

RESUMO

Ischemic heart disease(IHD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. Despite the development of continuously improving therapeutic strategies, morbidity and mortality of patients with IHD remain relatively high. Exosomes are a subpopulation of vesicles that are universally recognized as major mediators in intercellular communication. Numerous preclinical studies have shown that these tiny vesicles were protective in IHD, through such actions as alleviating myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury, promoting angiogenesis, inhibiting fibrosis, and facilitating cardiac regeneration. Our review focused on these beneficial exosome-mediated processes. In addition, we discuss in detail how to fully exploit the therapeutic potentials of exosomes in the field of IHD. Topics include identifying robust sources of exosomes, loading protective agents into exosomes, developing heart-specific exosomes, optimizing isolation methods, and translating the cardioprotective effects of exosomes into clinical practice. Finally, both the advantages and disadvantages of utilizing exosomes in clinical settings are addressed.


Assuntos
Terapia Biológica/métodos , Exossomos/transplante , Isquemia Miocárdica/terapia , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Animais , Exossomos/metabolismo , Humanos , Isquemia Miocárdica/metabolismo , Isquemia Miocárdica/patologia , Isquemia Miocárdica/fisiopatologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/patologia , Neovascularização Fisiológica , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Regeneração , Transdução de Sinais , Remodelação Ventricular
8.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 41(4): 1503-1518, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28334711

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The protection of endothelial cells (ECs) against reperfusion injury has received little attention. In this study, we used Tandem Mass Tag (TMT) labeling proteomics to investigate the modulated proteins in an in vitro model of cardiac microvascular endothelial cells (CMECs) subjected to ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and their alteration by traditional Chinese medicine Tongxinluo (TXL). METHODS: Human CMECs were subjected to 2 h of hypoxia followed by 2 h of reoxygenation with different concentrations of TXL Protein expression profiles of CMECs were determined using tandem mass spectrometry. We evaluated several proteins with altered expression in I/R injury and summarized some reported proteins related to I/R injury. RESULTS: TXL dose-dependently decreased CMEC apoptosis, and the optimal concentration was 800 µg/mL. I/R significantly altered proteins in CMECs, and 30 different proteins were detected between a normal group and a hypoxia and serum deprivation group. In I/R injury, TXL treatment up-regulated 6 types of proteins including acyl-coenzyme A synthetase ACSM2B mitochondrial (ACSM2B), cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B), heme oxygenase 1 (HMOX1), transcription factor SOX-17 (SOX17), sequestosome-1 isoform 1 (SQSTM1), and TBC1 domain family member 10B (TBC1D10B). Also, TXL down-regulated 5 proteins including angiopoietin-2 isoform c precursor (ANGPT2), cytochrome c oxidase assembly factor 5 (COA5), connective tissue growth factor precursor (CTGF), cathepsin L1 isoform 2 (CTSL), and eukaryotic elongation factor 2 kinase (LOC101930123). These types of proteins mainly had vital functions, including cell proliferation, stress response, and regulation of metabolic process. CONCLUSIONS: The study presented differential proteins upon I/R injury through a proteomic analysis. TXL modulated the expression of proteins in CMECs and has a protective role in response to I/R.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/prevenção & controle , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Proteômica , Células Cultivadas , Células Endoteliais/patologia , Humanos , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/patologia , Miocárdio/patologia
9.
Exp Physiol ; 102(4): 422-435, 2017 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28150462

RESUMO

NEW FINDINGS: What is the central question of this study? In a rat model of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), we investigated the effect of Tongxinluo (TXL) treatment. Does TXL activate autophagy and attenuate apoptosis of cardiomyocytes through the AMPK pathway to facilitate survival of cardiomyocytes and improve cardiac function? What is the main finding and its importance? Major findings are as follows: (i) TXL treatment preserved cardiac function and reduced ventricular remodelling, infarct size and inflammation in rat hearts after AMI; (ii) TXL treatment dramatically increased autophagy and inhibited apoptosis in myocardium; and (iii) the AMPK signalling pathway played a crucial role in mediating the beneficial effects of TXL. Tongxinluo (TXL) has been demonstrated to have a protective role during ischaemia-reperfusion after acute myocardial infarction, but the long-term effects and underlying mechanisms are still unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate whether TXL could have an effect on apoptosis or autophagy of cardiomyocytes through the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) pathway. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 75) were randomly divided to sham, control, TXL (4 mg kg-1  day-1 orally), compound C (i.p. injection of 10 mg kg-1  day-1 ) and TXL + compound C groups. The extent of fibrosis, infarct size and angiogenesis were determined by pathological and histological studies. Four weeks after acute myocardial infarction, TXL treatment significantly increased ejection fraction, promoted angiogenesis in the peri-infarct region and substantially decreased fibrosis and the size of the infarcted area (P < 0.05). Treatment with TXL also increased AMPK/mTOR phosphorylation, upregulated expression of the autophagic protein LC3 and downregulated expression of the apoptotic protein Bax in the infarcted myocardium (P < 0.05). Addition of the AMPK inhibitor, compound C, counteracted these beneficial effects significantly (P < 0.05). The cardioprotective benefits of TXL against myocardial infarction are related to the inhibition of apoptosis and promotion of autophagy in rat hearts after acute myocardial infarction. This effect may occur through the AMPK signalling pathway.


Assuntos
Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/tratamento farmacológico , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/metabolismo , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo
10.
Am J Transl Res ; 8(10): 4160-4171, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27830000

RESUMO

Atorvastatin (ATV) has an important pro-survival role in cardiomyocytes after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The objectives of this study were to: 1) determine whether ATV could affect autophagy of cardiomyocytes via the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway, and 2) investigate the balance between autophagy and apoptosis pathways. Male Wistar rats (n = 100) were randomly divided into sham, control, ATV, Compound C, and ATV+ Compound C groups. In this AMI model, drug treatments were administered for 1 week before induction of MI by surgical ligation, and measurements were taken 1 and 4 weeks after AMI induction. Transthoracic echocardiography showed that the ejection fraction in the ATV group increased by 11.7% ± 6.83% over the control group 4 weeks after AMI. The fibrosis, infarcted area, and inflammatory level were determined by pathological and histological studies; these were found to be decreased substantially with ATV treatment (P<0.05). The expression of apoptotic, autophagic, and AMPK pathway proteins was detected by immunohistochemical staining and western blotting, while expression of their corresponding genes was measured with real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). ATV treatment increased AMPK/mTOR activity and the expression of autophagic protein LC3 in infarcted myocardium (P<0.05). The treatment also inhibited induction of pro-apoptotic protein Bax. AMPK inhibitor Compound C reversed these beneficial effects. In conclusion, ATV improves survival of cardiomyocytes and decreases alterations in morphology and function of infarcted hearts by inducing autophagy and inhibiting apoptosis through the activation of AMPK/mTOR pathway.

11.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 38(3): 909-25, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26919192

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Poor viability of transplanted mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) within the ischemic heart limits their therapeutic potential for cardiac repair. Globular adiponectin (gAPN) exerts anti-apoptotic effects on several types of stem cells. Herein, we investigated the effect of gAPN on the MSCs against apoptosis induced by hypoxia and serum deprivation (H/SD). METHODS: MSCs exposed to H/SD conditions were treated with different concentrations of gAPN. To identify the main type of receptor, MSCs were transfected with siRNA targeting adiponectin receptor 1 or 2 (AdipoR1 or AdipoR2). To elucidate the downstream pathway, MSCs were pre-incubated with AMPK inhibitor Compound C. Apoptosis, caspase-3 activity and mitochondrial membrane potential were evaluated. RESULTS: H/SD-induced MSCs apoptosis and caspase-3 activation were attenuated by gAPN in a concentration-dependent manner. gAPN increased Bcl-2 and decreased Bax expressions. The loss of mitochondrial membrane potential induced by H/SD was also abolished by gAPN. The protective effect of gAPN was significantly attenuated after the knockdown of AdipoR1 rather than AdipoR2. Moreover, Compound C partly suppressed the anti-apoptotic effect of gAPN. CONCLUSIONS: gAPN inhibits H/SD-induced apoptosis in MSCs via AdipoR1-mediated pathway, possibly linked to the activation of AMPK. gAPN may be a novel survival factor for MSCs in the ischemic engraftment environment.


Assuntos
Adiponectina/farmacologia , Meios de Cultura Livres de Soro/farmacologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Receptores de Adiponectina/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Hipóxia Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , RNA Interferente Pequeno/farmacologia , Ratos , Receptores de Adiponectina/antagonistas & inibidores
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