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1.
Plant Dis ; : PDIS07191484RE, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33006915

RESUMO

Asparagus stem blight is a regional disease. In the present study, we compared strains of Phomopsis asparagi from six different provinces to determine their biological characteristics and genetic diversity, differences in the pycnidium and conidium production, pathogenicity, and growth rate. Considerable differences were established in the pycnidium and conidium production among the P. asparagi strains from the six studied provinces. The largest pycnidium and conidium production had the strains from Fujian, followed by those from Hainan. The virulence of P. asparagi strains was significantly different but without a correlation with the geographical source of the strain. FJ2 had the highest virulence, followed by HN2, SD4, and SD5, whereas SD5 had the lowest virulence. The colony diameter and dry weight of the strains of asparagus stem blight fungus from the six provinces were substantially different. The colonies of HN1-5 had the largest diameters, whereas those of XT1-5, LT1-3, FJ1-5, and SX6 had smaller diameters. Four primers with good repeatability and strong specificity were selected from 100 intersimple sequence repeat (ISSR) primers. ISSR-PCR amplification was performed on 36 strains of asparagus stem blight fungus, and a large number of repeatable DNA fingerprints were obtained. Most of the amplified fragments were within 300 to 500 bp. In all, 69 total points, 64 multiple points, and 92.75% polymorphism points were established. The number of ISSR gene sites detected by four primers ranged from 14 to 20, with an average of 16 multiple sites. The copolymerization was divided into three groups: XT1-5, LT1-3, and FJ1-5, which were clustered into the first group; SD1-6, SX1-6, and HB1-6, clustered into the second group; and HN1-5 in the third group. The results of the cluster analysis revealed that the strains of the neighboring provinces had a nearer phylogenetic relationship than that between distant ones. Therefore, the system evolution of P. asparagi is related to the geographical distribution of its strains.

2.
Hum Exp Toxicol ; : 960327120961436, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33025833

RESUMO

Apelin has been reported to regulate mitochondrial function in myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury and cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury. However, the role of apelin-13 in lung ischemia-reperfusion injury (LIRI) remains unclear. This study established an experimental rat model to evaluate the underlying mechanisms of apelin-13 on LIRI. Twenty-four rats were randomly divided to sham operation group (group SM), ischemia/reperfusion group (group IR), and apelin-13 treatment group (group APL). The effects of apelin-13 on LIRI were determined histologically using H&E staining, while the wet/dry weight ratio was used to assess lung edema caused by LIRI. Inflammatory cytokines were also detected in Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid by ELISA. The protein expression of UCP2 and the morphological changes of mitochondria were determined by western blotting and electromicroscopy, respectively. The results demonstrated the structural damage of lung tissues and lung edema in group IR. An increased level of inflammatory cytokines including IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α was observed in rats with LIRI using ELISA. After that, oxidative stress and morphological damage of mitochondria were also shown in group IR. Yet, the application of apelin-13 reversed all these deleterious effects in group APL. The protective effects of apelin-13 were indicated by decreased reactive oxygen species (ROS) and elevated UCP2 expression levels in rats. In conclusion, this study revealed that apelin-13 had protective effects against LIRI via attenuating lung edema, the production of inflammatory cytokines, oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction.

3.
Med Teach ; : 1-8, 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33016803

RESUMO

Entrustment decision-making has become a topic of interest in workplace-based assessment in the health professions and is germane to the use of entrustable professional activities. Entrustment decisions stem from judgments of a trainee's competence and include the permission to act with a higher level of responsibility or autonomy and a lower level of supervision. Making entrustment decisions differs from regular assessment of trainees, which usually has no consequences beyond marking trainee progress. Studies show that clinicians generally weigh more factors in making an entrustment decision than when merely assessing trainee competence or performance without direct consequences for patient care. To synthesize the varying factors reported in literature, the authors performed a thematic analysis of key qualitative studies that investigated trainee features clinical supervisors find important when making entrustment decisions. Five themes emerged from the 13 publications: Capability (specific knowledge, skills, experience, situational awareness), Integrity (truthful, benevolent, patient-centered), Reliability (conscientious, predictable, accountable, responsible), Humility (recognizes limits, asks for help, receptive to feedback), Agency (proactive toward work, team, safety, personal development). Thoughtful entrustment decisions, made either by individual clinical supervisors or by clinical competency committees, may be enriched by taking into account these five features.

4.
Acad Med ; 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33003038

RESUMO

Conditions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic have disrupted clinical practice and all aspects of medical education. Yet the need to continue to train physicians to care for patients and communities is greater than ever. Medical educators are responding by adapting curricula in response to requirements for social distancing, changing availability of clinical learning opportunities, and limitations on testing center availability for examinations. These disruptions require a systems approach to ensure that learners achieve competence in preparation for advancement in training toward unsupervised practice. In this article, the authors assert that medical educators, obligated by current conditions to adapt educational experiences, should seize the opportunity presented by the pandemic to make needed changes in 3 areas aligned with competency-based medical education: focusing on outcomes, broadening the assessment toolbox, and improving the undergraduate medical education (UME) to graduate medical education (GME) transition. Defined outcomes, as exemplified by entrustable professional activities, will enable curricular designers to shorten and adapt learning experiences by focusing on students' achievement of prespecified learning outcomes. Broadening the assessment toolbox entails capturing more and different assessment information about learners to provide a well-rounded view of their strengths and areas for growth in both traditional and novel settings, such as telehealth. Limitations on available data, such as licensing examination scores and clerkship grades, heighten the urgency to revise the system for the UME to GME transition by enhancing the quality and usability of information available to residency program directors. Educators should capitalize on the opportunity presented by altered conditions due to the COVID-19 pandemic to make these needed changes to the educational system, in order to prepare physicians to provide health care and lead the health care system into the future.

5.
Phys Rev Lett ; 125(14): 141802, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064551

RESUMO

Using 2.93 fb^{-1} of e^{+}e^{-} collision data collected at a center-of-mass energy of 3.773 GeV with the BESIII detector, the first observation of the doubly Cabibbo-suppressed decay D^{+}→K^{+}π^{+}π^{-}π^{0} is reported. After removing decays that contain narrow intermediate resonances, including D^{+}→K^{+}η, D^{+}→K^{+}ω, and D^{+}→K^{+}ϕ, the branching fraction of the decay D^{+}→K^{+}π^{+}π^{-}π^{0} is measured to be (1.13±0.08_{stat}±0.03_{syst})×10^{-3}. The ratio of branching fractions of D^{+}→K^{+}π^{+}π^{-}π^{0} over D^{+}→K^{-}π^{+}π^{+}π^{0} is found to be (1.81±0.15)%, which corresponds to (6.28±0.52)tan^{4}θ_{C}, where θ_{C} is the Cabibbo mixing angle. This ratio is significantly larger than the corresponding ratios for other doubly Cabibbo-suppressed decays. The asymmetry of the branching fractions of charge-conjugated decays D^{±}→K^{±}π^{±}π^{∓}π^{0} is also determined, and no evidence for CP violation is found. In addition, the first evidence for the D^{+}→K^{+}ω decay, with a statistical significance of 3.3σ, is presented and the branching fraction is measured to be B(D^{+}→K^{+}ω)=(5.7_{-2.1}^{+2.5}_{stat}±0.2_{syst})×10^{-5}.

6.
Phys Rev Lett ; 125(13): 137201, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33034462

RESUMO

Magnetic multilayers offer diverse opportunities for the development of ultrafast functional devices through advanced interface and layer engineering. Nevertheless, a method for determining their dynamic properties as a function of depth throughout such stacks has remained elusive. By probing the ferromagnetic resonance modes with element-selective soft x-ray resonant reflectivity, we gain access to the magnetization dynamics as a function of depth. Most notably, using reflectometry ferromagnetic resonance, we find a phase lag between the coupled ferromagnetic layers in [CoFeB/MgO/Ta]_{4} multilayers that is invisible to other techniques. The use of reflectometry ferromagnetic resonance enables the time-resolved and depth-resolved probing of the complex magnetization dynamics of a wide range of functional magnetic heterostructures with absorption edges in the soft x-ray wavelength regime.

7.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(10): 743-749, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045785

RESUMO

Objective: To quantitatively evaluate the change of the long axis angle and the relative displacement of the crown feature points of the posterior teeth under normal bite force utilizing an intraoral scanner, and to provide clinical reference. Methods: From May to December 2019, fifteen graduate volunteers (5 males and 10 females, aged from 22 to 30, with an average age of 25.7 years) from Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology were recruited to participate in the study. The surface data (U1, L1) of the maxillary and mandibular posterior teeth were scanned by an intraoral scanner i500, and saved as original data. The volunteers were guided to bite in the intercuspal position with normal bite force. The buccal bite data of the posterior teeth were scanned as the basis for registration. The digital casts were imported into Geomagic studio 2013 software and the boundary lines along the gingival margin and mesial and distal contact area of posterior teeth of data (U1, L1) were determined. Long axis of the crown, crown centroid and mesial functional cusp vertex were establishd. The data (U1, L1) were segmented into single tooth. Single tooth was aligned to buccal bite data separately using best-fit alignment command based on the buccal common area of the crown and new casts data (U2, L2) were obtained as the data under bite force. The long axis angle and centroid distance between adjacent teeth (second premolar and first molar, second molar and first molar) were measured and the deviation between data obtained at mouth-open state and that at biting state was calculated. Negative value meant centroid distance became shorter under bite force. The first molar was set as the common area and registrate the U1, L1 to U2, L2. The angle of long axes, and displacement of centroid and of functional cusp vertex between second premolar of two casts were calculated, as well as between second molar of two casts. Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to analyze the differences of teeth displacement between second premolar and second molar, and between maxillary and mandibular jaws with SPSS 26.0 statistical software. Results: The result of second premolar and second molar in the same jaw had no statistical difference (P>0.05). The centroid distance deviation of mandibular second premolar-first molar [-0.022(0.046) mm] was larger than that of maxilla [-0.006 (0.040) mm] (P<0.05). The long axis angle of second premolar itself [0.913°(0.647°)] and centroid distance of second molar itself [0.102 (0.106) mm] on the mandibular jaw were different from that on the maxillary jaw, which were 0.590°(0.550°) and 0.074(0.060) mm respectively (P<0.05). Conclusions: Under bite force, displacement of the second premolar and second molar was present, including the displacement of centroids and deflection of long axes. The mandibular posterior teeth have larger displacement than the maxillary teeth.


Assuntos
Força de Mordida , Dente Molar , Adulto , Dente Pré-Molar , Oclusão Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxila , Dente Molar/diagnóstico por imagem
8.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(5): 897-901, 2020 Oct 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047726

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the classification criteria of early rheumatoid arthritis (ERA) and compare the sensitivity and specificity with the criteria of 1987 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria and 2010 ACR/European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR). METHODS: Patients from 4 hospitals, aged more than 16 years, with arthritis, whose disease duration was ≤1 year, and with ≥1 joint pain and swelling were enrolled in the study. The indicators including clinical manifestations, laboratory tests and imaging examinations were observed. The ERA patients were dignosed by two experienced rheumatologists based on the clinical features, drug therapy information and radiography features. RESULTS: (1) A total of 325 patients with arthritis were enrolled, including 98 males (30.15%) and 227 females (69.85%), The average age was (47.53±14.44) years, and the median disease duration was 5 (2, 8) months. Finally, 236 patients were dignosed with ERA, and 89 patients were dignosed with other diseases (Non-ERA, including osteoarthritis, reactive arthritis, undifferentiated arthritis, spondyloarthritis, etc). (2) The sensitivity of ERA criteria was 87.29%, and the specificity was 84.37%. The sensitivity was higher than that of 1987 ACR criteria (χ2=43.641, P < 0.001), and had no significant difference compared with 2010 ACR/EULAR criteria (χ2=0.446, P=0.593). But the specificity of ERA criteria was lower than that of 1987 ACR criteria (χ2=4.891, P=0.027), which was not statistically significant compared with 2010 ACR/EULAR criteria (χ2=0.044, P=1.000). (3) In the patients with arthritis whose disease duration was ≤3 months and ≤6 months, the sensitivity of ERA criteria was 81.71% and 86.79%, respectively, both were higher than the 1987 ACR criteria (χ2=7.131, P=0.008; χ2=22.015, P < 0.001) and had no statistically difference compared with the 2010 ACR/EULAR criteria (χ2=0.220, P=0.755; χ2=0.473, P=0.491). The differences of the three criteria in specificity were not statistically significant. (4) The three different classification criteria were consistent with the clinical diagnosis, among which the ERA criteria and 2010 ACR/EULAR criteria were slightly higher (Kappa>0.6). The results of the consistency comparison between the three criteria showed that the ERA criteria and 2010 ACR/EULAR criteria had a better consistency (Kappa=0.836). CONCLUSION: The sensitivity of ERA classification criteria in the diagnosis of ERA was higher than that of 1987 ACR criteria, and was equivalent to that of 2010 ACR/EULAR criteria. There is no significant difference in specificity between these three criteria. The ERA criteria can also identify patients with RA at a very early stage in arthritis with disease duration ≤3 months.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Osteoartrite , Reumatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radiografia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Estados Unidos
10.
Mol Biol (Mosk) ; 54(5): 813-825, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33009791

RESUMO

Conyzasaponins produced by the traditional Chinese herb Conyza blinii are oleanane-type saponins with a wide range of biological activities. Here, we identified a gene, designated CbCYP716A261, encoding a ß-amyrin 28-hydroxylase in conyzasaponins biosynthesis. Ten full putative CYP sequences were isolated from Conyza blinii transcript tags. The CbCYP716A261 gene product was selected as the putative ß-amyrin 28-hydroxylase by phylogenetic analysis and transcriptional activity analysis of methyl jasmonate-treated Conyza blinii. To identify the enzymatic activity, we performed enzymatic activity experiments in vitro and in vivo. The HPLC results revealed that CbCYP716A261 catalyzes the hydroxylation of ß-amyrin at the C-28 position to yield oleanolic acid. Our findings provide new information about the conyzasaponin biosynthesis pathway and widen the list of isolated ß-amyrin 28-hydroxylases.

11.
Clin Radiol ; 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010933

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the performance of T2 mapping histograms at the extraocular muscles (EOMs) in predicting the response to glucocorticoid therapy in the patients with active and moderate-severe thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty active and moderate-severe TAO patients (responsive group, n=20; unresponsive group, n=10) were enrolled, and evaluated using T2 mapping before treatment. Histogram parameters (mean, median, max, min, 10th, 90th percentiles, skewness, and kurtosis) of T2 relaxation time (T2RT) at the EOMs for each orbit, and clinical variables (age, sex, disease duration, anti-thyroid treatment, smoking habit, pre-treatment thyroid function, thyrotrophin receptor antibody, diplopia presence, activity and severity scores) were collected and compared between groups. Logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses were used to assess the predictive value of identified independent variables for treatment response. RESULTS: The responsive group showed significantly shorter disease duration (p=0.003), while higher T2RTmin than unresponsive group (p<0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that T2RTmin and disease duration were independent predictors for responsive TAOs. ROC curve analyses indicated that setting a cut-off value of ≥54.3 for T2RTmin demonstrated the optimal predicting specificity for responsive TAOs (100%), while a combination of T2RTmin ≥54.3 and disease duration ≤4.5 showed optimal predicting efficiency and sensitivity (area under the curve, 0.820; sensitivity, 65%). CONCLUSIONS: Histogram analysis can help to exhibit the heterogeneity of T2RT at the EOMs. T2RTmin, together with disease duration may be the promising marker for predicting response to glucocorticoid therapy in the patients with active and moderate-severe TAO.

12.
Rhinology ; 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33078172

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Although neglected by science for a long time, the sense of olfaction has received increasing attention from research areas including psychology, neuroscience, clinical medicine and nutrition. With the rise of psychophysical and neuroimaging re- search into olfaction, psychometric tools (e.g. questionnaires and scales) are the basis for the quantitative exploration of inter-in- dividual variability regarding olfactory related responses. The current systematic review is to summarize existing olfaction related questionnaires and/or scales. METHODS: Peer-reviewed literature on scales and questionnaires related to perception of odors were searched from online databa- ses (PubMed, Web of Science and PsycINFO). Twenty-one articles that meet the following criteria were included in the review: "hu- man species", "no physical odor stimuli" and "describing the original development of the tool", and "with specific focus on olfaction or odor related responses or behaviors". The psychometric properties, advantages and possible disadvantages were discussed. RESULTS: Existing psychometric measures focus on various aspects of olfactory related responses and behaviors, including af- fective experiences of odor perception, awareness and attitude towards olfaction, olfactory function and the quality of life change due to olfactory dysfunction, and the ability to create vivid mental odor images. While most of them have been tested to have good reliability and validity, some were relatively time-consuming due to the number of questionnaire items. Besides, although many measures have been used in clinical populations, few have provided information on the predictive validity regarding effecti- veness of clinical intervention on changes of certain responses or behaviors. SUMMARY: The current review provides an overview of olfactory related questionnaires and scales, highlighting the emotional and affective impact of olfaction and the impact on quality of life due to olfactory dysfunction. With growing interest in olfaction as an important sense, the development and use of psychometrically sound measurements in conjunction with objective assess- ments will advance our understanding of human olfaction and olfactory dysfunction. The review provides a guide for researchers and clinicians alike to select olfactory scales suitable for olfactory research with different experimental purposes and specific samples.

13.
Mult Scler Relat Disord ; 46: 102515, 2020 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032051

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The typical age at onset of neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) is between 30 and 40 years. A growing awareness about the disease and advances in diagnostic techniques have led to an increase in the number of patients being diagnosed with very late-onset (VLO) NMOSD. This study compared the clinical characteristics, treatments, and prognoses between patients with VLO-NMOSD or late-onset (LO) NMOSD. METHODS: Patients in our study were assigned to two groups based on age at onset of the disease: LO-NMOSD (50-70 years old at onset) and VLO-NMOSD (> 70 years old at onset). We compared clinical characteristics, magnetic resonance imaging of lesions, prognosis, and treatments between the two groups. RESULTS: We collected data from 12 VLO-NMOSD patients with a median age at onset of 74.0 years (interquartile range, 72.6-75.9 years) and 104 LO-NMOSD patients with a median age at onset of 56.0 years (55.8-57.9 years). There were a high proportion of female patients in both the VLO-NMOSD group (9, 75.0%) and the LO-NMOSD group (91, 87.5%). Our study indicated that VLO-NMOSD patients had significantly higher expanded disability status scale (EDSS) scores (8.5 vs 4.0, p = 0.01), higher motor disability rates (41.7% vs 9.6%, p = 0.002), and higher mortality rates (25.0 vs 4.8%, p = 0.044) at last follow-up. However, patients with VLO-NMOSD had lower rates of immunosuppressant usage (50.0% vs 76.9%, p = 0.044). Age at onset was positively correlated with EDSS score at remission (r = 0.49, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: VLO-NMOSD was associated with higher EDSS score at remission, higher rates of mortality and motor disability, but lower rates of immunosuppressive treatment usage than LO-NMOSD. Future studies are needed to understand the effects of NMOSD on older patients, and to seek suitable treatment to improve their prognosis.

14.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(9): 1420-1423, 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33076591

RESUMO

Objective: Based on an investigation of an outbreak of COVID-19 in Nanchang, to understand the transmission process, analyze the infectivity of the cases in incubation period and asymptomatic carrier, and evaluate the transmission risks in different exposures. Methods: Case investigation was based on the traditional epidemiological survey, combined with analysis based on big data about population movement trajectories. Transmission chain was identified to indicate transmission relationship. Results: A total of 27 cases were found in this cluster epidemic, including 25 confirmed cases, 1 suspected case (index case) and 1 asymptomatic carrier. A total of 347 close contacts were found. The secondary attack rate was 7.2% (25/347). The infection rates in close contacts of the first, second, third and fourth generation cases were 52.6% (10/19), 6.1% (13/213), 2.3% (2/88) and 0.0% (0/27), respectively. Asymptomatic carrier caused household transmission. The infection rates in close contacts after having meals, sharing rooms/beds, having work contacts, having neighbor contacts, having same time medical services or sharing wards and sharing vehicles with the patients were 10.6%(17/160), 10.0%(20/201), 5.3%(5/94), 0.0%(0/30), 0.0%(0/18) and 0.0%(0/17), respectively. Conclusions: The infection source of this cluster epidemic was a suspected case from Wuhan. Analysis based on big data about population movement trajectories can help to search the cases and close contacts accurately. The proposed epidemic prevention and control measures based on this investigation were effective.

15.
Br Poult Sci ; : 1-6, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33012177

RESUMO

1. Ovarian transcriptomic profiling between birds showing high egg number (HEN) and birds of low egg number (LEN) in Longyan Shan-ma ducks at 71 weeks of age was carried out using Illumina Hiseq 2500 technology. 2. A total of 343 differentially expressed genes (DEGs, 269 upregulated and 74 downregulated) were identified between HEN and LEN ovaries. These DEGs were enriched in 30 Gene Ontology terms. Pathway functional analysis found that the DEGs were enriched in 10 metabolic pathways (P < 0.05), one of which was regulation of the actin cytoskeleton pathway (Q < 0.05). 3. Three integrin family genes, ITGB2, ITGB5 and ITGA8 were differentially expressed in the RNA-seq and qPCR experiments. 4. The DEGs and signalling pathways identified in ovarian tissue in this study provide new insights into high egg production in Longyan Shan-ma duck.

16.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 582(Pt B): 1251-1256, 2020 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957058

RESUMO

We studied experimentally the breakup of liquid bridges made of aqueous solutions of Poly(acrylic acid) between two separating solid surfaces with freely moving contact lines. For polymer concentrations higher than a certain threshold (~30 ppm), the contact line on the surface with the highest receding contact angle fully retracts before the liquid bridge capillary breakup takes place at its neck. This means that all the liquid remains attached to the opposing surface when the surfaces are separated. This behavior occurs regardless of the range of liquid volume and stretching speed studied. Such behavior is very different from that observed for Newtonian liquids or non-Newtonian systems where contact lines are intentionally pinned. It is shown that this behavior stems from the competition between thinning of bridge neck (delayed by extensional thickening) and receding of contact line (enhanced by shear thinning) on the surface with lower receding contact angle. If the two surfaces exhibit the same wetting properties, the upper contact line fully retracts before the capillary breakup due to the asymmetry caused by gravity, and, therefore, all the liquid remains on the lower surface.

17.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(36): 2822-2827, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988141

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the changes and diagnostic value of serum dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) in Cushing's syndrome (CS) with different etiologies. Methods: The study retrospectively recruited patients diagnosed as CS in Drum Tower Hospital affiliated to Nanjing University Medical School between January 2012 and June 2019, including 36 patients (8 males, 28 females, with an average age of 44 years) with Cushing disease (CD) and 64 patients (6 males, 58 females, with an average age of 39 years) with adrenal CS (ACS). Meanwhile, 97 patients diagnosed as nonfunctional adrenal adenoma (NFA) were also included as controls. Clinical characteristics, laboratory data, adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), serum DHEAS level and sex-and age-adjusted DHEAS ratio of the three groups were collected. The sensitivity and specificity of DHEAS and its ratio in differential etiology diagnosis of CS were compared using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Results: Compared to NFA group, ACS patients had lower DHEAS levels [0.39 (0.39, 0.63) µmol/L vs 2.96 (1.92, 4.60) µmol/L, P<0.01] and lower DHEAS ratio [0.58 (0.27, 0.98) vs 3.95 (3.08, 6.83), P<0.01]. DHEAS [6.49 (4.32, 11.63) µmol/L] and DHEAS ratio [9.17 (4.49, 15.41)] in CD patients were significantly higher compared to those in NFA and ACS patients (all P<0.01). There were 53 ACS patients (82.8%) with suppressed ACTH level (<2.2 pmol/L) and 11 patients (17.2%) with normal/high ACTH level (≥2.2 pmol/L). The level of 24 hour urine free cortisol in normal/high ACTH level group was lower than the suppressed ACTH group [(1 299±511) nmol/24 h vs (1 972±876) nmol/24 h, P=0.04]. No significant differences were found in the DHEAS and DHEAS ratio between the two groups. ROC analysis showed that the area under the curve of serum DHEAS and DHEAS ratio in diagnosing ACS from CD was 0.997 and 0.990, respectively. The optimal cut-off values for DHEAS and its ratio were 2.06 µmol/L and 2.10, respectively. The diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of DHEAS were 97.5% and 100%, and those of DHEAS ratio were 95.0% and 100%, respectively. Conclusion: There are significant differences in serum DHEAS level and DHEAS ratio between ACS and CD patients, which might be used as indicators for the identification of the two main CS etiologies, especially in the identification of ACS patients without plasma ACTH suppression from CD patients.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Cushing/diagnóstico , Adulto , Sulfato de Desidroepiandrosterona , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Hidrocortisona , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Hum Exp Toxicol ; : 960327120958102, 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32909839

RESUMO

Bupivacaine is frequently used for conducting regional anesthesia. When accidentally injected or excessively absorbed into circulation, bupivacaine can induce severe arrhythmia and potentially lead to cardiac arrest. The specific mechanisms underlying this cardiotoxicity, however, remain to be clarified. We transfected HEK-293 cells to express the small conductance calcium-activated potassium type-2 channel (SK2), and used a whole-cell patch clamp method in order to explore how bupivacaine affected these channels. We subsequently used SK2 knockout mice to explore the relevance of SK2 channels in bupivacaine-induced cardiotoxicity in isolating mouse hearts, mounting them on a Langendorff apparatus, and perfusing them with bupivacaine. Using this system, arrhythmia, asystole, and cardiac functions were monitored. We observed dose-dependent inhibition of SK2 channels by bupivacaine: half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) value = 18.6 µM (95% CI 10.8-32.1). When SK2 knockout (SK2 -/-) or wild-type (WT) mice were perfused with Krebs-Henseleit buffer (KHB), we did not observe any instances of arrhythmia. When SK2 -/- mice or WT were perfused with KHB containing bupivacaine (40 µM), the time to arrhythmia (Tarrhythmia) and time to asystole (Tasystole) were both significantly longer in SK2 -/- mice relative to WT mice (P < 0.001). Similarly, SK2 -/- mice exhibited a significantly longer time to 25%, 50%, and 75% reductions in heart rate (HR) and rate-pressure product (RPP) relative to WT mice following bupivacaine perfusion (P < 0.001). These results reveal that bupivacaine was able to mediate a dose-dependent inhibition of SK2 channels in HEK-293 cells, and deletion of SK2 channels can delay bupivacaine-induced cardiotoxicity in isolated mouse hearts.

19.
Anim Genet ; 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32910515

RESUMO

The swamp buffalo (Bubalus carabanensis) is mainly bred for meat, transport and rice cultivation in China and Southeast Asian countries. In the current study, we investigated the genetic diversity, maternal origin and phylogenetic relationship of swamp buffalo by analyzing 1,786 mitochondrial cytochrome b (cytb) sequences from China, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, India and Bangladesh. Our results indicated that the swamp buffalo can be divided into two major lineages (SA and SB with the sublineages) and three rare lineages (SC, SD and SE), which showed strong geographic differentiation. The SA1 lineage represented a major domestication event, which involved population expansion. Regions III and V showed higher haplotype diversity than the other regions, indicating that the regions of Southwest China and IndoChina are potential domestication centers for the swamp buffalo. In addition, the swamp buffalo showed a closer phylogenetic relationship to tamaraw. In conclusion, our findings revealed a high level of genetic diversity and the phylogenetic pattern of the swamp buffalo.

20.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(17): 9041-9045, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32964994

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To detect the potential of microRNA-492 (miR-492) as a diagnostic biomarker of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the acute phase. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 100 AMI patients and 100 controls (non-AMI patients with chest pain) were retrospectively analyzed. Blood samples were collected at 0, 6, 12, and 24 h after admission, followed by detection of the serum miR-492 level. Serum levels of cTnI and creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) in AMI patients were examined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The potential relationship between miR-492 level with cTnI and CK-MB levels was analyzed by Pearson correlation test. Moreover, diagnostic value of miR-492 was assessed by depicting receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. RESULTS: Serum level of miR-492 achieved the peak at 6 h after admission, which was time-dependently reduced at 12 h and 24 h.  Serum levels of cTnI and CK-MB were higher in AMI patients than those of controls. However, miR-492 level achieved the peak before cTnI and CK-MB increased to the highest levels. MiR-492 level was positively correlated to cTnI and CK-MB levels. ROC curves verified the diagnostic value of miR-492 in AMI (AUC=0.8621, 95% CI=0.8129-0.9112, sensitivity=80%, specificity=75%). CONCLUSIONS: Serum level of miR-492 remarkably increases in the acute phase of AMI, which may be used as an effective biomarker for diagnosing AMI.

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