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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571083

RESUMO

Mathematical models can provide a quantitatively sophisticated description of tumor cell (TC) behaviors under mechanical microenvironment and help us better understand the role of specific biophysical factors based on their influences on the TC behaviors. To this end, we propose an off-lattice cell-based multiscale mathematical model to describe the dynamic growth-induced solid stress during tumor progression and investigate the influence of the mechanical microenvironment on TC invasion. At the cellular level, cell-cell and cell-matrix interactive forces depend on the mechanical properties of the cells and the cancer-associated fibroblasts in the stroma, respectively. The constitutive relationship between the interactive forces and cell migrations obeys the Hooke's law and damping effects. At the tissue level, the integrated growth-induced forces caused by proliferating cells within the simulation region are balanced by the external forces applied by the surrounding host tissues. Then, the cell movements are calculated according to the Newton's second law of motion, and the morphology of TC invasion is updated. The simulation results reveal the continuous changes of the macroscopic mechanical forces due to the interactions among the structural components and the microscopic environmental factors. Moreover, the simulation results demonstrate the adverse effect of the stiffness of tumor tissue on tumor growth and invasion. A decrease in the stiffness of tumor and matrix can promote TCs to proliferate at a much faster rate and invade into the surrounding healthy tissue more easily, whereas an increase in the stiffness can lead to an aggressive morphology of tumor invasion. We envision that the proposed model can be served as a quantitative theoretical platform to study the underlying biophysical role of the mechanical microenvironmental factors during tumor invasion and metastasis.

2.
Phys Rev Lett ; 123(11): 111801, 2019 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31573238

RESUMO

This Letter reports the first extraction of individual antineutrino spectra from ^{235}U and ^{239}Pu fission and an improved measurement of the prompt energy spectrum of reactor antineutrinos at Daya Bay. The analysis uses 3.5×10^{6} inverse beta-decay candidates in four near antineutrino detectors in 1958 days. The individual antineutrino spectra of the two dominant isotopes, ^{235}U and ^{239}Pu, are extracted using the evolution of the prompt spectrum as a function of the isotope fission fractions. In the energy window of 4-6 MeV, a 7% (9%) excess of events is observed for the ^{235}U (^{239}Pu) spectrum compared with the normalized Huber-Mueller model prediction. The significance of discrepancy is 4.0σ for ^{235}U spectral shape compared with the Huber-Mueller model prediction. The shape of the measured inverse beta-decay prompt energy spectrum disagrees with the prediction of the Huber-Mueller model at 5.3σ. In the energy range of 4-6 MeV, a maximal local discrepancy of 6.3σ is observed.

3.
Phys Rev Lett ; 123(11): 112001, 2019 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31573268

RESUMO

We present the first amplitude analysis of the decay D_{s}^{+}→π^{+}π^{0}η. We use an e^{+}e^{-} collision data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3.19 fb^{-1} collected with the BESIII detector at a center-of-mass energy of 4.178 GeV. We observe for the first time the W-annihilation dominant decays D_{s}^{+}→a_{0}(980)^{+}π^{0} and D_{s}^{+}→a_{0}(980)^{0}π^{+}. We measure the absolute branching fraction B(D_{s}^{+}→a_{0}(980)^{+(0)}π^{0^{(}+)},a_{0}(980)^{+(0)}→π^{+(0)}η)=(1.46±0.15_{stat}±0.23_{sys})%, which is larger than the branching fractions of other measured pure W-annihilation decays by at least one order of magnitude. In addition, we measure the branching fraction of D_{s}^{+}→π^{+}π^{0}η with significantly improved precision.

4.
Neurosurgery ; 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599332

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As the use of bundled care payment models has become widespread in neurosurgery, there is a distinct need for improved preoperative predictive tools to identify patients who will not benefit from prolonged hospitalization, thus facilitating earlier discharge to rehabilitation or nursing facilities. OBJECTIVE: To validate the use of Risk Assessment and Prediction Tool (RAPT) in patients undergoing posterior lumbar fusion for predicting discharge disposition. METHODS: Patients undergoing elective posterior lumbar fusion from June 2016 to February 2017 were prospectively enrolled. RAPT scores and discharge outcomes were recorded for patients aged 50 yr or more (n = 432). Logistic regression analysis was used to assess the ability of RAPT score to predict discharge disposition. Multivariate regression was performed in a backwards stepwise logistic fashion to create a binomial model. RESULTS: Escalating RAPT score predicts disposition to home (P < .0001). Every unit increase in RAPT score increases the chance of home disposition by 55.8% and 38.6% than rehab and skilled nursing facility, respectively. Further, RAPT score was significant in predicting length of stay (P = .0239), total surgical cost (P = .0007), and 30-d readmission (P < .0001). Amongst RAPT score subcomponents, walk, gait, and postoperative care availability were all predictive of disposition location (P < .0001) for both models. In a generalized multiple logistic regression model, the 3 top predictive factors for disposition were the RAPT score, length of stay, and age (P < .0001, P < .0001 and P = .0001, respectively). CONCLUSION: Preoperative RAPT score is a highly predictive tool in lumbar fusion patients for discharge disposition.

5.
Cell Stem Cell ; 25(4): 462-472, 2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31585092

RESUMO

Recent demonstrations of human brain organoid transplantation in rodents have accentuated ethical concerns associated with these entities, especially as they relate to potential "humanization" of host animals. Consideration of established scientific principles can help define the realistic range of expected outcomes in such transplantation studies. This practical approach suggests that augmentation of discrete brain functions in transplant hosts is a more relevant ethical question in the near term than the possibility of "conscious" chimeric animals. We hope that this framework contributes to a balanced approach for proceeding with studies involving brain organoid transplantation and other forms of human-animal brain chimeras.

7.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(8): 889-894, 2019 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484249

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the seasonality and etiological characteristics of infectious diarrhea in adults from Shanghai. Methods: Adult patients with diarrhea who had visited the enteric disease clinics in 22 hospitals that carrying on the Diarrhea Comprehensive Surveillance sentinel programs in Shanghai during 2014-2017, were surveyed. Stool specimens were collected according to the different intervals of sampling and detected for 12 bacteria and 5 viruses. Concentration ratio and circular distribution method were used for data analysis. Results: From 2014 to 2017, a total of 9 573 stool specimens were collected from the targeted diarrhea patients ≥18 years old (n=96 067), through the Shanghai Diarrhea Comprehensive Surveillance program. The positive rate of detection was 46.44%. Seasonal peaks of infectious diarrhea were both seen in summer (bacteria peak, diarrheagenic Escherichia coli and Vibrio parahaemolyticus, etc.) and in winter (virus peak, Norovirus, etc.). Both bacterial and viral infections presented seasonal concentration (Raleigh's test P<0.001) but more obvious with bacterial infection. Viral infection accounted for 60.19% of the cause of infectious diarrhea. The top five predominant pathogens appeared as Norovirus, Rotavirus, diarrheagenic Escherichia coli, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, and Salmonella spp.. Conclusions: Among the adult outpatients with infectious diarrhea in Shanghai, obvious seasonality was seen, with peaks in both summer and winter. Viral infection with Norovirus in particular, appeared as the predominant source of infection. Active, continuous and comprehensive diarrhea-related surveillance programs would be able to monitor the changing dynamic of pathogen spectrum, and lead to the adoption of targeted preventive measures.


Assuntos
Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Diarreia/diagnóstico , Diarreia/etiologia , Disenteria/diagnóstico , Disenteria/etiologia , Fezes , Pacientes Ambulatoriais/estatística & dados numéricos , Vigilância da População/métodos , Vírus/isolamento & purificação , Adolescente , Adulto , Bactérias/classificação , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Diarreia/epidemiologia , Disenteria/epidemiologia , Escherichia coli/isolamento & purificação , Fezes/microbiologia , Fezes/virologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Norovirus/isolamento & purificação , Rotavirus/isolamento & purificação , Salmonella/classificação , Salmonella/isolamento & purificação , Estações do Ano , Vibrio parahaemolyticus/isolamento & purificação , Vírus/classificação
8.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(8): 900-903, 2019 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484251

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the epidemiological characteristics and antibiotic resistance profiles of Campylobacter spp. in Shanghai from 2013 to 2016. Methods: Stool samples collected from diarrhea outpatients were cultured for Campylobacter spp., using the membrane filter method in 23 hospitals under the sentinel programs, from 2013 to 2016. All the strains were identified by biochemical tests and PCR. Broth microdilution method was used to investigate the antibiotic resistance of 179 Campylobacter spp. strains that including azithromycin, ciprofloxacin, erythromycin, gentamicin, tetracycline, nalidixic acid, telycin, klinthromycin and flurbenicol. Results: A total of 179 Campylobacter spp. strains were isolated from 10 444 stool samples (1.7%). Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli appeared as the predominant ones (94.4% and 5.6%). The incidence rate was higher in children than that in adults, with peaks of infections mainly from April to June and October to December. Campylobacter jejuni strains seemed highly resistant to ciprofloxacin (96.4%), tetracycline (83.4%) and nalidixic acid (81.7%). The resistant rates appeared higher on Campylobacter coli strains that isolated from patients. Some strains were resistant to multi-drugs. Conclusions: Campylobacter spp. seemed one of the important pathogens that isolated from outpatients with diarrhea, in Shanghai. Both age and season related characteristics of Campylobacter spp. were seen. Campylobacter spp. isolated from patients was highly resistant to ciprofloxacin, tetracycline and nalidixic acid.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Infecções por Campylobacter/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Campylobacter/epidemiologia , Campylobacter/efeitos dos fármacos , Campylobacter/isolamento & purificação , Diarreia/microbiologia , Fezes/microbiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Campylobacter/classificação , Infecções por Campylobacter/diagnóstico , Infecções por Campylobacter/microbiologia , Campylobacter coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Campylobacter coli/isolamento & purificação , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Diarreia/epidemiologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Humanos , Incidência , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Vigilância da População
9.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(8): 982-987, 2019 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484265

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the distribution of HIV-1 genotypes and the status of drug resistance among people living with HIV who had prepared to initiate antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Dehong Dai and Jingpo autonomous prefecture (Dehong). Methods: A total of 170 adults with HIV were recruited in Dehong from January to June 2017, before initiating ART. HIV-1 pol genes were amplified and used to analyze the HIV-1 genotypes and drug resistance. Results: A total of 147 samples were successfully sequenced. Based on the phylogenetic analysis, 12 HIV-1 genotypes were found among the subjects, including three predominant genotypes such as subtype C (29.9%, 44/147), unique recombinant forms (URFs) (27.2%, 40/147) and CRF01_AE (19.7%, 29/147). Circulating recombinant forms (CRFs) which were newly identified in this area in recent years were also found among these subjects, including CRF62_BC, CRF64_BC, CRF86_BC and CRF96_cpx. The distribution of HIV-1 genotypes between heterosexual transmission or intravenous drug use, showed statistical difference. Surveillance drug resistance mutations (SDRMs) were found among 8.8% (13/147) of the subjects. Proportion of drug resistant strains among injecting drug users (25.0%, 8/32) was higher than that among those heterosexual transmitted individuals (4.6%, 5/109, χ(2)=10.166, P=0.002). Conclusions: Among people living with HIV-1 who had prepared to initiate ART, their HIV-1 genetics were highly complicated, with moderate prevalence rate of HIV-1 drug-resistant strains.


Assuntos
Fármacos Anti-HIV/uso terapêutico , Farmacorresistência Viral/genética , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por HIV/virologia , HIV-1/genética , Adulto , Análise do Polimorfismo de Comprimento de Fragmentos Amplificados , Fármacos Anti-HIV/farmacologia , Terapia Antirretroviral de Alta Atividade , China/epidemiologia , Genes pol , Genótipo , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , HIV-1/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Filogenia
10.
Phys Rev Lett ; 123(4): 042502, 2019 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31491269

RESUMO

We report the first measurement of the neutron cross section on argon in the energy range of 100-800 MeV. The measurement was obtained with a 4.3-h exposure of the Mini-CAPTAIN detector to the WNR/LANSCE beam at LANL. The total cross section is measured from the attenuation coefficient of the neutron flux as it traverses the liquid argon volume. A set of 2631 candidate interactions is divided in bins of the neutron kinetic energy calculated from time-of-flight measurements. These interactions are reconstructed with custom-made algorithms specifically designed for the data in a time projection chamber the size of the Mini-CAPTAIN detector. The energy averaged cross section is 0.91±0.10(stat)±0.09(syst) b. A comparison of the measured cross section is made to the GEANT4 and FLUKA event generator packages, where the energy averaged cross sections in this range are 0.60 and 0.68 b, respectively.

11.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(16): 6906-6913, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31486490

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Janus kinase (JAK)- signal transducer and transcriptional activator (STAT) pathway overactivation is closely related to tumorigenesis. Cytokine signal transduction inhibitor 3 (SOCS3) is a negative regulator of JAK-STAT. It is shown that miR-203 is significantly elevated in the pancreatic cancer tissues. The bioinformatics analysis revealed a targeted binding site between miR-203 and the 3'-UTR of SOCS3 mRNA. This study investigated the role of miR-203 in regulating SOCS3 expression and the proliferation and apoptosis of the pancreatic cancer cells. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Quantitative Real Time-PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expressions of miR-203 and SCOS3 mRNA in tumor tissues and paracancerous tissues. The Dual-Luciferase reporter gene assay was adopted to validate the target interaction between miR-203 and SOCS3. The PANC-1 cells were cultured in vitro and divided into miR-NC group and miR-203 inhibitor group followed by an analysis of the expressions of SOCS3, p-JAK2, and p-STAT3, cell apoptosis by flow cytometry, and cell proliferation by EdU staining. RESULTS: Compared with the adjacent tissues, miR-203 expression was significantly increased, while SOCS3 mRNA level was significantly declined in the tumor tissues of pancreatic cancer patients. There was a targeted regulatory relationship between miR-203 and SOCS3 mRNA. Compared with those in HPDE6-C7 cells, miR-203 level was upregulated, whereas SOCS3 mRNA and the protein expressions were reduced in pancreatic cancer PANC-1 and BXPC3 cells. The transfection of miR-203 inhibitor significantly increased SOCS3 mRNA and the protein levels, decreased p-JAK2 and p-STAT3 protein expressions, enhanced cell apoptosis, and inhibited cell proliferation in the pancreatic cancer PANC-1 cells. CONCLUSIONS: Increased miR-203 expression and reduced SOCS3 level are associated with the pathogenesis of pancreatic cancer. MiR-203 can regulate the proliferation and apoptosis of the pancreatic cancer cells by targeting the inhibited SOCS3 expression and regulating the JAK-STAT pathway activity.

12.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 57(9): 660-665, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474057

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the experience of treatment for blunt pancreatic trauma. Methods: The clinical data of 52 patients with blunt pancreatic trauma admitted to the Department of Pancreatic and Biliary Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University from January 2013 to June 2018 were analyzed retrospectively.There were 40 male and 12 female patients, aging from 12 to 112 years with a median age of 35.5 years.According to the organ injury scale by American Association for the Surgery of Trauma(AAST) for pancreatic injury severity, 15 cases were in grade Ⅰ(28.8%), 20 cases were in grade Ⅱ(38.5%), 10 cases were in grade Ⅲ(19.2%),5 cases were in grade Ⅳ(9.6%) and 2 cases were in grade Ⅴ(3.8%). Isolated blunt pancreatic trauma occurred in 11(21.2%) patients including 5 cases of grade Ⅰ,5 cases of grade Ⅱ and 1 case of grade Ⅲ, and associated injuries existed in 41 patients(78.8%). Results: Among 52 patients, 36 patients(69.2%) were transferred from other hospitals and 16(30.8%) patients were admitted through the emergency department. Finally, 49 patients(94.2%) were cured and 3 patients (5.8%) died.For the 15 cases of grade Ⅰ,9 patients were managed non-operatively, 5 cases underwent peritoneal lavage and drainage after surgery for the other injured abdominal organs, and 1 patient received percutaneous catheter drainage(PCD) with non-operative treatment. For the 20 cases of grade Ⅱ,4 cases only received non-operative treatment and 2 cases also received PCD. Besides, 2 cases underwent debridement and drainage for peripancreatic necrotic tissue and external drainage for pancreatic pseudocyst retrospectively after about 25 days of getting injured. As for patients who received exploratory laparotomy, 5 patients underwent suture repair associated with external drainage, and 7 patients were managed only with external drainage. For the 10 cases of grade Ⅲ,6 patients were cured through distal pancreatectomy and splenectomy with external drainage, while 2 patients underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and ductal stenting, and the other 2 patients just received debridement and drainage for peripancreatic necrotic tissue.For the 5 cases of grade Ⅳ,2 patients underwent jejunostomy and abdominal cavity drainage, 1 patient had a pancreaticoduodenectomy with drainage,1 patient received suture repair of the pancreas and pancreaticojejunostomy, and 1 patient was managed with suture repair of the head of pancreas and external drainage.For the 2 patients of grade Ⅴ,1 patient received exploratory laparotomy and gauze compression packing hemostasis, and the other patient underwent pancreaticoduodenal repair, gastrointestinal anastomosis, duodenal exclusion surgery and external drainage. Conclusion: According to the AAST classifications, associated injuries, physiological status and intraoperative situation, it could be better to make a comprehensive judgment, achieve early diagnosis and take appropriate individualized treatment strategy, and to improve the overall therapeutic effect for blunt pancreatic trauma.

13.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(32): 2532-2535, 2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484282

RESUMO

Objective: Percutaneous renal biopsycurrently is the most important and widely used method of renal biopsy. However, there still are some patients in whom a percutaneous approach may be considered a major risk. In these patients, renal biopsy under direct vision is a reliable alternative. We described our personal technique and experience in a series of Chinese patients who underwent retroperitoneal laparoscopic renal biopsy. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the patients who had performed retroperitoneal laparoscopic renal biopsy over a 4-year period (Jan 2013 to Jan 2017).Forty-three patients with renal dysfunction were involved inour center.Especially some patients showed atrophic kidney and poor visualization on ultrasonography. The patients' abnormal conditions includeddialysis (10 cases), morbid obesity (5 cases), deaf-mutes (2 cases) and uncontrolled severe hypertension. The kidney was approached via alaparoscopic retroperitoneal route using athree-ports technique. Then biopsies were performed bya 16-gaugebiopsy needle, and hemostasis was achieved by compression.In less cases, a topical spray hemostatic gel was required. Results: Biopsy was performed successfully in all cases and adequate renal tissue was acquired.Mean operative time was 59.4 minutes, mean blood loss was 36.5 ml.Under general anesthesia, no anesthetic accidents and related complications were recorded. Forty-onepatients were discharged within 24 h after operation. Onepatient occurred disseminated intravascular coagulationduring operation. Red blood cell transfusion and fresh-frozen plasma infusion were performed. Injury at hilum of kidney was detected in another patient. And extrapyelogenic repair surgery was performed. Conclusions: The retroperitoneallaparoscopic renal biopsy is a safe, reliable, minimallyinvasive alternative renal biopsy method with better haemostasis, fewer complications and a rapid recovery. As the helpful supplement of percutaneous renal biopsy, this technique may have to be used more often in the future.


Assuntos
Rim , Laparoscopia , Biópsia , Humanos , Espaço Retroperitoneal , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(32): 2542-2546, 2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484284

RESUMO

Objective: To observe the expression of the Receptor of Advanced glycation end products (RAGE) in asthmatic rats, and explore the intervention of Roxithromycin. Methods: A total of 18 Specific Pathogen Free-class Brown Norway male rats were randomly divided into control group, asthma model group and Roxithromycin group, with 6 rats in each group. The asthmatic model was sensitized by intraperitoneal injection of Ovalbumin (OVA)+Al(OH)(3), and challenged with OVA. Rats in Roxithromycin group were given Roxithromycin 30 mg/kg 30 minutes before each challenge. Rats in control group and asthma model group were treated with equal volume of saline. The concentrations of RAGE and interleukin (IL)-4 in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent (ELISA); the pathological changes of lung tissues were observed by HE-staining; the thickness of airway wall and airway smooth muscle were measured by Image-Pro Plus; the relative expression of RAGE in lung tissues were detected by Western blot. Results: In asthma model group, the concentrations of RAGE and IL-4 in the serum and BALF were obviously higher than those in control group [(494±32) vs (327±45) ng/L; (32.4±5.8) vs (13.1±2.9) ng/L; (553±38) vs (399±56) ng/L; (37.8±3.4) vs (19.4±2.5) ng/L] (all P<0.01); in Roxithromycin group, the concentrations of RAGE and IL-4 in the serum and BALF were obviously lower than those in asthma model group [(438±18) vs (494±32) ng/L; (22.8±6.0) vs (32.4±5.8) ng/L; (444±42) vs (553±38) ng/L; (25.6±4.5) vs (37.8±3.4) ng/L] (all P<0.05). In asthma model group, the bronchial wall was thickened, the lumen was narrow, the mucosal wrinkles were significantly increased, edema appeared under the mucosa, and a large number of inflammatory cells infiltrated and aggregated in the bronchi, perivascular and alveolar spaces; the thickness of airway wall and airway smooth muscle were significantly increased than those in control group (P<0.01); in Roxithromycin group, airway inflammation and remodeling were alleviated compared with those in asthma model group (P<0.05). In asthma model group, the expression of RAGE in lung tissues were significantly increased than those in control group (P<0.01); in Roxithromycin group, the expression of RAGE were significantly decreased than those in asthma model group (P<0.01). There were positive correlations between the expression of RAGE and IL-4 in BALF and serum (r=0.782, 0.804, all P<0.01); there were positive correlations between RAGE and total white cell counts, eosinophil counts, smooth muscle thickness (r=0.897, 0.927, 0.860, all P<0.01). Conclusions: The increasing of RAGE in asthmatic rats are positively correlated with airway inflammation and airway remodeling. Roxithromycin may inhibit the development of asthma by reducing the expression of RAGE.


Assuntos
Asma , Remodelação das Vias Aéreas , Animais , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar , Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada , Pulmão , Masculino , Ovalbumina , Ratos , Roxitromicina
15.
J Dent Res ; : 22034519872951, 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31509720

RESUMO

Fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) in craniofacial bones mediates osteoprogenitor proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. The distortion of proper craniofacial bone growth may cause class II and class III skeletal malocclusion and result in compromised function and aesthetics. Here, we investigated the association between variations in FGFR2 and skeletal malocclusions. First, 895 subjects were included in a 2-stage case-control study with independent populations (stage 1: n = 138 class I, 111 class II, and 81 class III; stage 2: n = 279 class I, 187 class II, and 99 class III). Eight candidate single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in FGFR2 were screened and validated. Five SNPs (rs2162540, rs2981578, rs1078806, rs11200014, and rs10736303) were found to be associated with skeletal malocclusions (all P < 0.05). That is, rs2162540 was significantly associated with skeletal class II malocclusion, while others were associated with skeletal class III malocclusion. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay and chromatin immunoprecipitation analysis showed that the common genotypes of rs2981578 and rs10736303 contained the binding sites of RUNX2 and SMAD4. Compared with the common genotypes, the minor genotypes at these 2 SNPs decreased the binding affinity and enhancer effect of RUNX2 and SMAD4, as well the levels of FGFR2 expression. In addition, FGFR2 expression contributed positively to osteogenic differentiation in vitro. Thus, we identified FGFR2 as a skeletal malocclusion risk gene, and FGFR2 polymorphisms regulated its transcriptional expression and then osteogenic differentiation.

16.
Opt Express ; 27(15): 20649-20658, 2019 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31510154

RESUMO

We experimentally demonstrate the first use of 1550-nm InAs/GaAs quantum dot semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (QD-SESAM) in the dual-wavelength passively Q-switched (QS) erbium doped fiber (EDF) laser. The dual-wavelength QS lasing was obtained at a pump threshold of 180 mW with the average output power of 2.2 mW and the spacing between the two lasing wavelengths is 14 nm. A large absorption ranging from 1520 to 1590 nm has been realized when no substrate rotation was employed during the molecular beam epitaxy growth of the QD-SESAM indicating the potential to generate a 60 nm spacing of the dual-wavelength QS lasing peaks by changing the positions in the QD-SESAM and replacing EDF by co-doped fiber as gain medium. These results have provided a new opportunity towards achieving the stable and wide wavelength-tunable dual-modes fiber lasers.

17.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 57(10): 25-30, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31510729

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the prognostic factors of multi-drug resistant organism (MDRO) infection in patients with infected pancreatic necrosis(IPN). Methods: A retrospective study was performed to assess the MDRO in IPN patients. The clinical data of 104 IPN patients admitted to the Department of Pancreatic and Biliary Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University from June 2013 to January 2019 were analyzed. Fifty-six patients were allocated in the MDRO group and 48 patients in the non-MDRO group depended on drug sensitivity test. There were 37 males and 19 females in the MDRO group with age of 40 (23) years. The duration time was 3(5) days between onset and admission. In the non-MDRO group,34 males and 14 females were included with age of (42±14)years. The duration time was 3(4) days between onset and admission. Normally distributed quantitative variables was represented by x±s, non-normally distributed quantitative variables was represented by M(Q(R)). Wilcoxon rank-sum test and χ(2) test were used to analyze the data. Univariate and multivariable Logistic regression analytic model were used to figure out the risk factors associated with MDRO infection. Results: The mean duration of hospital stay was 29.5(31.8) days and hospitalization expenses were CNY 166 991(270 692), which were much higher than those in non-MDRO group (16.5(15.7) days, 56 789(62 354) yuan) (W=1 889, 2 019, both P<0.01). Gram-negative isolates(67.2%, 80 /119) were commonly detected in IPN patients. Acinetobacter baumannii was the most common MDRO(27.0%,20/74). Initial use of carbapenem(OR=2.22, 95%CI: 1.02-4.96, P=0.047) and open necrosectomy(OR=10.00, 95%CI: 3.14-44.77, P<0.01) were the potential risk factors for MDRO-induced infections in IPN. Furthermore, the Logistic regression analysis revealed that open necrosectomy is the independent variable for MDRO infections (OR=9.42, 95%CI: 2.92-42.42, P<0.01). Conclusion: Open necrosectomy was the independent risk factor for the infection of MDRO.

18.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(17): 7191-7199, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31539105

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Epidural fibrosis, one of the common complications after spinal surgery, seriously affects the surgical decompression effect. Effectively inhibiting the fibrous tissue hyperplasia is pivotal to reduce the scar adhesion. Previous studies showed that early growth response 1 (EGR1) is associated with the fibroblast reactivity induced by transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-ß) and plays a vital regulatory role in scar formation; however, the upstream targets and mechanisms still remain unclear. In this work, it was found that the level of long non-coding ribonucleic acid (lncRNA)-cyclooxygenase-2 (COX2) was significantly negatively correlated with EGR1 expression and the severity of the scar. Therefore, it was conjectured that lncRNA-COX2 may decrease fibroplasia and scar formation by negatively regulating EGR1. MATERIALS AND METHODS: TGF-ß was used to activate the embryonic and adult rat fibroblasts. Rats underwent laminectomy to establish the epidural fibrosis model. The changes in the levels of fibroplasia-related genes were measured and analyzed through messenger RNA (mRNA), lncRNA, and micro RNA expression profile chips. Quantitative Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) was applied to determine the levels of EGR1 and lncRNA-COX2, and Western blotting was adopted to detect the content of EGR1, collagen I (Col-1), Col-3, and alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA). The scar formation was reflected by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining and Masson staining, and the expression level of α-SMA in the scar tissues was measured via immunohistochemistry. Finally, micro-magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was utilized to examine the different degrees of epidural fibroplasia. RESULTS: It was found that the reactivity of embryonic rat fibroblasts to the TGF-ß stimulation was different from that of adult rat fibroblasts. LncRNA-COX2 was highly expressed in the embryonic rat fibroblasts, but lowly expressed in the adult rat fibroblasts, which had negative correlations with the EGR1 level in embryonic and adult rat fibroblasts. In addition, it was revealed that the expression of EGR1 in the adult rat fibroblasts was remarkably higher than that in the embryonic rat fibroblasts after the activation with TGF-ß. Meanwhile, the level of lncRNA-COX2 was lowered after the activation, especially in the adult rat fibroblasts. It was discovered in the in-vivo model that the degree of fibroplasia was positively associated with EGR1 level and negatively correlated with lncRNA-COX2 level. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this research elucidated that the down-regulation of lncRNA-COX2 is involved in the epidural scar formation and related to the elevated EGR1 level which regulates the activation of fibroblasts and secretion of massive extracellular matrixes, suggesting that lncRNA-COX2 may modulate the role of fibroblasts in scar formation as an upstream action target of EGR1.

19.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(75): 11299-11302, 2019 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475999

RESUMO

Fabrication of ordered assemblies with protein nanocages as building blocks has attracted great attention. Here, we re-engineered the exterior surface of the smallest natural nanocage, DNA-binding protein from starved cells (Dps), to yield a highly ordered architecture triggered by zinc ions. The resulting architecture possesses a bcc superstructure, the assembly and disassembly of which are reversible and can be regulated by the salt concentration.

20.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 49(4): 229-235, 2019 Jul 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31495163

RESUMO

Through transcription, reprinting and continuous study by the Japanese, the research topic of Suwen(, Plain Questions) has been continuously integrated into Japanese traditional medicine. The editions of Suwen from Edo Period (1603-1867) are Chinese originally printed and Japanese reprinted, which called "Japan block-printed edition" in today's Japan. The survey shows the editions of Chinese Suwen in Japan are divided into three categories: the total-24-volume editions from Chinese original copy are 8 versions; the total-12-volume editions are 7 versions, and the versions with notations and comments are 10 kinds; about the "Japan block-printed edition" , the total-24-volume editions are 7 versions, the total-12-volume editions are 1 version, and the versions with notations and comments are 11 kinds.

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