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1.
Gynecol Oncol ; 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34642026

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Insulin-like growth factor (IGF) signaling is implicated in pathogenesis and chemotherapy resistance of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). We explored efficacy and safety of adding ganitumab, a monoclonal antibody targeting IGF-1R, to carboplatin/paclitaxel (CP) chemotherapy in patients with primary EOC. DESIGN: Patients were randomly assigned to receive CP/ganitumab (18 mg/kg q3w) or CP/placebo for 6 cycles followed by 6 cycles of single agent ganitumab/placebo maintenance therapy as front-line therapy. Primary endpoint was progression free survival. Secondary endpoints were time to progression and overall survival. Pretreatment samples were prospectively collected for retrospective biomarker analyses. RESULTS: 170 patients enrolled. 165 patients assessable for toxicity. Median PFS was 15.7 months with CP/ganitumab and 16.7 months with CP/placebo (HR 1.23; 95% CI 0.82-1.83, P = 0.313). All grade neutropenia (84.1% vs 71.4%), thrombocytopenia (75.3% vs 57.1%) and hyperglycemia (15.9% vs 2.6%) were more common in the ganitumab group compared to the placebo group. Ganitumab/placebo related serious adverse events were reported in 26.1% of the patients with ganitumab and in 6.5% with placebo. Non-progression related fatal events were more common with ganitumab (5 versus 2 patients). The ganitumab group experienced more dose delays which resulted in lower relative dose intensity of chemotherapy in the experimental group. In an exploratory model IGFBP2 expression was predictive of ganitumab response (treatment interaction; PFS, P = 0.03; OS, P = 0.01). CONCLUSION: Addition of ganitumab to CP chemotherapy in primary EOC did not improve PFS. Our results do not support further study of ganitumab in unselected EOC patients.

2.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 60(7): 644-649, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619842

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the incidences and risk factors of poor hematopoietic reconstitution (PHR) in patients with hematological diseases who underwent haploidentical allograft and were treated with rituximab for desensitization. Methods: Eight-three donor specific anti-HLA antibody (DSA, 2000 ≤MFI<10 000) positive patients who underwent haploidentical allograft were prospectively enrolled. Rituximab (375 mg/m2) was used for desensitization day-3 of conditioning regimen. Incidence and factors associated with PHR, including primary poor graft function and prolonged thrombocytopenia, were investigated. Results: There were 22 males and 61 females with a median age of 39(range: 1-65) years. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the 100 day cumulative incidences of neutrophil and platelet engraftment were 93.0% and 90.7%, respectively. The incidences of PHR were 14.7%. The 3-year relapse rate, non-relapse mortality (NRM) rate, event-free survival (EFS), leukemia-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were 6.5%, 15.1%, 70.8%, 79.4% and 79.4%, respectively. Patients with DSA MFI<5 000 (group A, n=46) experienced lower PHR (4.4% vs. 27.5%, P=0.003), and higher 3-year EFS (79.5% vs. 59.8%, P=0.020) compared to those with DSA MFI≥5 000 (group B, n=37). Multivariate analysis showed that DSA MFI≥5 000 was correlated with PHR (HR=6.101, P=0.021). PHR was associated with higher NRM (HR=4.110, P=0.026), lower DFS (HR=3.656, P=0.019) and OS (HR=3.656, P=0.019). Conclusion: Our data suggest that high pre-transplant DSA level is a risk factor for PHR in patients with hematological diseases receiving haploidentical allograft and rituximab for desensitization.


Assuntos
Doenças Hematológicas , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Doenças Hematológicas/terapia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Doadores de Tecidos , Adulto Jovem
3.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(12): 121802, 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597097

RESUMO

The absolute branching fraction of Λ→pµ^{-}ν[over ¯]_{µ} is reported for the first time based on an e^{+}e^{-} annihilation sample of 10×10^{9} J/ψ events collected with the BESIII detector at sqrt[s]=3.097 GeV. The branching fraction is determined to be B(Λ→pµ^{-}ν[over ¯]_{µ})=[1.48±0.21(stat)±0.08(syst)]×10^{-4}, which is improved by about 30% in precision over the previous indirect measurements. Combining this result with the world average of B(Λ→pe^{-}ν[over ¯]_{e}), we obtain the ratio {[Γ(Λ→pµ^{-}ν[over ¯]_{µ})]/[Γ(Λ→pe^{-}ν[over ¯]_{e})]} to be 0.178±0.028, which agrees with the standard model prediction assuming lepton flavor universality. The asymmetry of the branching fractions of Λ→pµ^{-}ν[over ¯]_{µ} and Λ[over ¯]→p[over ¯]µ^{+}ν_{µ} is also determined, and no evidence for CP violation is found.

4.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(2): 233-238, 2021 Feb 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645185

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the changes of CTCs and the correlation between the changes of CTCs and the clinical efficacy of neoadjuvant immunotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: A retrospective case-control study was conducted to collect the data of 23 patients with NSCLC who received neoadjuvant immunotherapy in the Third Xiangya Hospital from June 2018 to December 2019. They were 35-76 years old with a median age of 52 years old, including 13 male patients and 10 female patients. The CTCs value, evaluation results from response evaluation criteria in solid tumor (RECIST) and major pathological response were evaluated before treatment, after neoadjuvant immunotherapy and after operation. Mann Whitney U test was used for the comparison between the two groups, Wilcoxon test was used for the comparison of association samples, and Kruskal Wallis test was used for the comparison between multiple samples. Results: The CTCs value was positively correlated with tumor progression, that the CTCs value of ⅡB group, ⅢA group and ⅢB group was 10.69 (3.87) FU/3 ml, 12.90 (2.24) FU/3 ml and 16.04 (3.43) FU/3 ml, and the difference was statistically significant (χ2=7.829, P=0.020). Then CTCs decreased to 7.60(4.79) FU/3 ml significantly (Z=4.197,P=0.000), and decreased to 6.22(2.80) FU/3 ml significantly again after surgery(Z=-2.950,P=0.005). In RECIST results, the CTCs value of CR group, PR group and SD group was 12.90(3.79)FU/3 ml, 12.52(3.96) FU/3 ml and 13.58(5.11) FU/3 ml,and no significant difference before treatment (χ²=1.806, P=0.405). After neoadjuvant immunotherapy, the CTCs of CR group decreased to 6.22(3.87) FU/3 ml significantly (Z=-4.950, P= 0.000), and also PR group to7.32(4.31) FU/3 ml (Z=-3.180, P=0.001) or SD group to (Z=-2.023, P=0.043). There was no significant difference between CR group and PR group (Z=-0.838, P=0.402), but significant difference between SD group and CR/PR group (Z=-1.922, P=0.050). After operation, the CTCs of CR, PR and SD group decreased to 6.09(3.43) FU/3 ml, 6.40(1.82) FU/3 ml and 9.20(5.16) FU/3 ml,and there was no significant difference to preparation in CR group and PR group, but significant difference in SD group (Z=-2.023, P=0.043). There was no significant difference between CR group and PR group (Z=-1.134, P=0.257), but significant difference between SD group and CR/PR group (Z=-1.624, P=0.014). Before treatment,CTCs of MPR group and non-MPR group were 11.98(4.14) FU/3 ml and 13.54(4.76) FU/3 ml,and there was no significant difference between them (Z=-1.354, P=0.176). After neoadjuvant immunotherapy, the CTCs of MPR group decreased to 6.36(2.65) FU/3 ml significantly (Z=-2.934, P=0.001) and also in non-MPR group to 10.88(2.80) FU/3 ml (Z=-2.840, P=0.003); but there was significant difference between MPR group and non-MPR group (Z=-3.693, P=0.000), and also the change of CTCs between two groups (Z=-2.770, P=0.006). After operation, the CTCs of MPR group decreased to 5.40(1.33) FU/3 ml insignificantly (Z=-0.533, P=0.594) but significantly to 7.05(3.80) FU/3 ml in non-MPR group (Z=-2.734, P=0.030), and significant difference between them (Z=-1.900, P=0.011). Conclusion: The value of CTCs is negatively correlated with the efficacy (RECIST and MPR) of neoadjuvant immunotherapy for NSCLC, which can be used for clinical efficacy evaluation of neoadjuvant immunotherapy.

5.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(13): 131801, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34623854

RESUMO

Using 2.93 fb^{-1} of e^{+}e^{-} collision data taken with the BESIII detector at a center-of-mass energy of 3.773 GeV, the observation of the D^{0}→K_{1}(1270)^{-}e^{+}ν_{e} semileptonic decay is presented. The statistical significance of the decay D^{0}→K_{1}(1270)^{-}e^{+}ν_{e} is greater than 10σ. The branching fraction of D^{0}→K_{1}(1270)^{-}e^{+}ν_{e} is measured to be (1.09±0.13_{-0.16}^{+0.09}±0.12)×10^{-3}. Here, the first uncertainty is statistical, the second is systematic, and the third originates from the assumed branching fraction of K_{1}(1270)^{-}→K^{-}π^{+}π^{-}. The fraction of longitudinal polarization in D^{0}→K_{1}(1270)^{-}e^{+}ν_{e} is determined for the first time to be 0.50±0.19_{stat}±0.08_{syst}.

6.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(9): 920-925, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496543

RESUMO

Objective: To establish a standard method to evaluate the scanning accuracy of intraoral scanner (IOS) and to investigate six IOS's scanning accuracy and the relationship between different scan span. Methods: Five simplified six abutments full arch model were fabricated by high accuracy (5 µm) milling machine with 7075 aluminum alloy. The machining accuracy, which was verified by a coordinate measuring machine with higher accuracy (0.7 µm), was considered as the reference accuracy. The model with the highest machining accuracy was considered as the test model in IOS's scanning accuracy test, and computer-aided design (CAD) data of the model was used as the reference data. Six IOS scanned the test model 10 times with the same scanning path, obtained 60 test data. CAD data and test data were input into Geomagic Studio 2014. The preparation part above the margin of the abutments of the data was isolated and divided into 4 segments of interest: single crown, three-unit bridge, five-unit bridge, and full arch. The test data were then best-fit aligned to CAD data or each other followed by deviation analysis. Scanning trueness and precision were then calculated. Results: The mid-value of scanning trueness and precision of six IOS in single crown, three-unit bridge, five-unit bridge and full arch were 13.3-29.6 µm and 7.6-20.7 µm, 15.4-30.9 µm and 8.7-26.5 µm, 17.0-66.1 µm and 11.3-44.2 µm, 24.0-107.9 µm and 24.6-150.1 µm respectively. Conclusions: Long-span scanning can affect the accuracy of IOS to a varying extent.


Assuntos
Técnica de Moldagem Odontológica , Dente , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Arco Dental , Modelos Dentários , Imageamento Tridimensional
7.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34491546

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) frequently presents a favorable clinical outcome, while aggressive invasiveness can also be found in some of this population. Identifying the risk clinical factors of high-volume (> 5) central lymph node metastasis (CLNM) in PTMC patients could help oncologists make a better-individualized clinical decision. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical characteristics of adult patients with PTC in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database between Jan 2010 and Dec 2015 and in one medical center affiliated to Chongqing Medical University between Jan 2018 and Oct 2020. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to determine the risk factors for high volume of CLNM in PTMC patients. RESULTS: The male gender (OR = 2.02, 95% CI 1.46-2.81), larger tumor size (> 5 mm, OR = 1.64, 95% CI 1.13-2.38), multifocality (OR = 1.87, 95% CI 1.40-2.51), and extrathyroidal invasion (OR = 3.67; 95% CI 2.64-5.10) were independent risk factors in promoting high-volume of CLNM in PTMC patients. By contrast, elderly age (≥ 55 years) at diagnosis (OR = 0.57, 95% CI 0.40-0.81) and PTMC-follicular variate (OR = 0.60, 95% CI 0.42-0.87) were determined as the protective factors. Based on these indicators, a nomogram was further constructed with a good concordance index (C-index) of 0.702, supported by an external validating cohort with a promising C-index of 0.811. CONCLUSION: A nomogram was successfully established and validated with six clinical indicators. This model could help surgeons to make a better-individualized clinical decision on the management of PTMC patients, especially in terms of whether prophylactic central lymph node dissection and postoperative radiotherapy should be warranted.

8.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(8): 082002, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477419

RESUMO

We report a measurement of the observed cross sections of e^{+}e^{-}→J/ψX based on 3.21 fb^{-1} of data accumulated at energies from 3.645 to 3.891 GeV with the BESIII detector operated at the BEPCII collider. In analysis of the cross sections, we measured the decay branching fractions of B(ψ(3686)→J/ψX)=(64.4±0.6±1.6)% and B(ψ(3770)→J/ψX)=(0.5±0.2±0.1)% for the first time. The energy-dependent line shape of these cross sections cannot be well described by two Breit-Wigner (BW) amplitudes of the expected decays ψ(3686)→J/ψX and ψ(3770)→J/ψX. Instead, it can be better described with one more BW amplitude of the decay R(3760)→J/ψX. Under this assumption, we extracted the R(3760) mass M_{R(3760)}=3766.2±3.8±0.4 MeV/c^{2} , total width Γ_{R(3760)}^{tot}=22.2±5.9±1.4 MeV, and product of leptonic width and decay branching fraction Γ_{R(3760)}^{ee}B[R(3760)→J/ψX]=(79.4±85.5±11.7) eV. The significance of the R(3760) is 5.3σ. The first uncertainties of these measured quantities are from fits to the cross sections and second systematic.

9.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(9): 094101, 2021 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34506172

RESUMO

We study the propagation of waves in a medium in which the wave velocity fluctuates randomly in time. We prove that at long times, the statistical distribution of the wave energy is log-normal, with the average energy growing exponentially. For weak disorder, another regime preexists at shorter times, in which the energy follows a negative exponential distribution, with an average value growing linearly with time. The theory is in perfect agreement with numerical simulations, and applies to different kinds of waves. The existence of such universal statistics bridges the fields of wave propagation in time-disordered and space-disordered media.

12.
Animal ; 15(10): 100354, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34543995

RESUMO

Pudong White (PDW) pigs, historically originating from Shanghai, are the only Chinese indigenous pigs characterised by their completely white coats, with the exception of Rongchang pigs. However, there is limited information concerning their overall genetic structure or relationship with other breeds, especially the East Chinese (ECN) and European pigs. To uncover the genetic structure, selection signatures, and potential exotic introgression in PDW pigs, we sampled 15 PDW pigs using whole-genome sequencing (~20×). We then conducted in-depth population genetic analyses in 320 pigs from 27 global pig groups, namely, European wild boars, Chinese wild boars, and outgroup. Neighbour-joining tree and principal component analysis confirmed that PDW pigs belonged to the ecotype of ECN pigs. Both f3, D-statistics, and structure analysis showed that PDW pigs shared apparent alleles with Large White (LW) pigs. Three statistics, rIBD, a haplotype heat map and copy number variation, further indicated that PDW pigs shared apparent alleles with LW pigs at the KIT Proto-Oncogene, Receptor Tyrosine Kinase (KIT) and PARG-MARCHF8 loci, suggesting that the lineage of European pigs in PDW originated from LW pigs. After further detecting the KIT mutations in different pig breeds, PDW was confirmed to have the same duplication region 1, duplication region 2, and the splicing mutation on intron 17 of KIT as LW pigs that determine the white coat colour phenotype in European white pigs. We hypothesised that LW pigs were imported to China ∼110-160 years ago according to the admixture time estimate and then crossed with ECN pigs, resulting in the introgression of the KIT alleles that produce the white coat colour phenotype in the PDW pig breed. To our knowledge, this study presents the first thorough description of the genetic structure of PDW pigs via whole-genome resequencing data; moreover, the results provide a basis for the national project for the conservation of this unique Chinese local population.


Assuntos
Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Melhoramento Vegetal , Alelos , Animais , China , Variação Genética , Fenótipo , Suínos/genética
13.
Braz. j. biol ; 81(3): 684-691, July-Sept. 2021. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153408

RESUMO

Abstract Plants adjust their shoot growth to acclimate to changing environmental factors, such as to enhanced Ultraviolet-B (UV-B) radiation. However, people have ignored that plant roots can also respond to UV-B light. Here, we find the morphology curled wheat roots under UV-B radiation, that we call, "bending roots." The curly region is the transition zone of the root after observed at the cellular level. After exposed to enhanced UV-B radiation for 2 d (10.08 KJ/m2/d), cell size decreased and actin filaments gathered in wheat roots. We also find that H2O2 production increased and that content of the indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) increased remarkably. The pharmacological experiment revealed that actin filaments gathered and polymerized into bundles in the wheat root cells after irrigated H2O2 and IAA. These results indicated that actin filaments changed their distribution and formed the "bending root," which was related to H2O2 production and increase in IAA. Overall, actin filaments in wheat root cells could be a subcellular target of UV-B radiation, and its disruption determines root morphology.


Resumo As plantas ajustam o crescimento da parte aérea para se adaptarem a fatores ambientais variáveis, como o aumento da radiação ultravioleta B (UVB). No entanto, as pessoas ignoram que as raízes das plantas também podem responder à luz UVB. Neste estudo, verificamos a morfologia das raízes enroladas de trigo sob radiação UVB, o que chamamos de "raízes dobradas". A região encaracolada é a zona de transição da raiz no nível celular. Depois de exposição à radiação UVB aprimorada por 2 dias (10,08 KJ/m2/d), o tamanho das células diminuiu, e os filamentos de actina se reuniram. Também constatamos que a produção de H2O2 aumentou e que o conteúdo do ácido indol-3-acético (IAA) aumentou notavelmente. O experimento farmacológico revelou que os filamentos de actina se reuniram e polimerizaram em feixes nas células da raiz de trigo após irrigação com H2O2 e IAA. Esses resultados indicam que os filamentos de actina alteraram sua distribuição e formaram a "raiz dobrada", relacionada à produção de H2O2 e ao aumento do IAA. No geral, os filamentos de actina nas células da raiz de trigo podem ser um alvo subcelular da radiação UVB, e sua interrupção determina a morfologia da raiz.

14.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 50(7): 740-744, 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34405607

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the expression and diagnostic value of SS18-SSX fusion-specific antibody and SSX C-terminal antibody in synovial sarcoma (SS). Methods: Immunohistochemical (IHC) EnVision method was used to detect the expression of SS18-SSX fusion-specific antibody and SSX C-terminal antibody in 51 genetically confirmed cases of SS and 94 non-SS tumors diagnosed at Nanjing Jinling Hospital from August 2013 to December 2020. Results: IHC staining for SS18-SSX fusion-specific antibody revealed strongly diffuse nuclear staining in 48 of 51 (48/51, 94.1%) SS cases, whereas none of the 94 non-SS tumors showed any staining. IHC staining for SSX C-terminal antibody showed strongly diffuse nuclear staining in all 51 (51/51, 100%) SS cases; six of the 94 (6/94, 6.4%) non-SS tumors showed variable staining, including two cases each of leiomyosarcoma and fibrosarcoma, and one case each of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor and embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma. The sensitivity and specificity of SS18-SSX fusion-specific antibody in diagnosing SS were 94.1% and 100% and these of SSX C-terminal antibody were 100% and 93.6%, respectively. Conclusions: SS18-SSX fusion-specific antibody and SSX C-terminal antibody are highly sensitive and specific markers for SS. Immunohistochemistry using these antibodies may replace FISH or molecular genetic testing in most cases.


Assuntos
Sarcoma Sinovial , Anticorpos , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Sarcoma Sinovial/diagnóstico , Sarcoma Sinovial/genética , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
17.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(8): 983-989, 2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445837

RESUMO

Objective: To figure out the association between the expression of m6A RNA methylation regulators and the prognosis of children AML, and provide genetic markers for monitoring the progression and recurrence of AML. Methods: Twenty two m6A RNA methylation regulators were firstly analyzed using the data from Therapeutically Applicable Research To Generate Effective Treatments(TARGET) database and The Genotype-Tissue Expression(GTEx) database, Wilcoxon rank test was performed to analyze the differentially expression of m6A RNA methylation regulators between the AML and normal tissue, 296 AML children were divided into training cohort and validation cohort by simple random sampling method, Lasso regression was used to screen out the risk factors and the multivariate Cox regression was applied for establishing prognosis predicting model in training cohort. Kaplan-Meier survival curve, time-dependent ROC curve and multivariate Cox regression were used to estimate the efficiency of risk score calculated by predictive model in validation cohort. Results: Twenty one m6A genes were up regulated in AML compared to Normal patients. Five m6A RNA methylation regulators(ZC3H13, YTHDC2, HNRNPA2B1, METTL3, METTL5) were included in final predicting model. Risk score could independently predict the survival of AML patients in training cohort(HR:2.72, 95%CI: 1.54-4.81, P=0.000 6) and validation cohort(HR:2.01, 95%CI:1.14-3.50, P=0.016). Low-risk patients had better prognoses than high-risk patients both in training cohort(P=0.001 9) and validation cohort(P=0.023). Conclusion: This prognosis predicting model constructed by m6A RNA methylation regulators could independently predict the survival prognosis in AML children, and should be helpful for clinical therapy.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Metilação , RNA , RNA Helicases
18.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(8): 633-639, 2021 Aug 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333914

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the characteristics and prognosis of hearing loss in children with bacterial meningitis. Methods: This was a single-center retrospective cohort study. Patients diagnosed with bacterial meningitis who were hospitalized in Beijing Children's Hospital between 2010 and 2016 and older than 28 days and younger than 18 years at symptom onset were included in this study (n=573). All clinical information including hearing assessment results during hospitalization were reviewed. All patients with hearing loss were followed up to repeat their hearing test and assess their hearing condition with parents' evaluation of aural and (or) oral performance of children (PEACH). Patients were grouped according to their hearing assessment results, and Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the risk factors for hearing loss in patients with bacterial meningitis. Results: Five hundred and seventy-three patients were enrolled in this study, including 347 males and 226 females. The onset age ranged from 29 days to 15.8 years. Two hundred and forty-six patients had identified causative pathogens, among whom 92 cases (37.4%) were pneumococcal meningitis cases. Hearing loss was found in 160 cases (27.9%) during hospitalization, involving 240 ears. Permanent hearing loss was found in 20 cases (16.9%), involving 32 ears. In the patients with permanent hearing loss, 87.5% (28/32) of ears were identified as severe or profound hearing loss during hospitalization. Logistic regression analysis showed that dystonia, the protein concentration level in cerebrospinal fluid>1 g/L, glucose concentration level lower than 1 mmol/L and subdural effusion were independent risk factors for hearing loss (OR=2.426 (1.450-4.059), 1.865 (1.186-2.932), 1.544 (1.002-2.381) and 1.904 (1.291-2.809)). Conclusions: Hearing loss is a common sequela of bacterial meningitis in children. Most patients have transient hearing loss, but patients with severe or profound hearing impairment have a higher risk of developing permanent hearing loss.


Assuntos
Surdez , Perda Auditiva , Meningites Bacterianas , Meningite Pneumocócica , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Perda Auditiva/epidemiologia , Perda Auditiva/etiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Meningites Bacterianas/complicações , Meningites Bacterianas/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(28): 2203-2209, 2021 Jul 27.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333932

RESUMO

Objective: To explored the effect of preoperative antiviral therapy on the prognosis of microvascular tumor thrombi patients, and to established a prognostic prediction model for these patients after radical resection of liver cancer. Methods: The clinicopathological and survival data of hepatocellular carcinoma patients with microvascular tumor thrombus who underwent radical resection in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2015 were retrospectively collected. Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the survival curve, and log-rank test was used to compare the prognosis of patients with and without antiviral treatment before operation. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression model was used to screen predictive factors. R software was used to make predictive nomogram, and discrimination and calibration degree were used to evaluate the prediction model. Results: Among all 153 patients, 22 were female and 131 were male, aged (51.3±11.7) years. The preoperative antiviral therapy significantly improved overall survival and recurrence-free survival (χ2=41.423, 54.389; both P<0.001). According to the results of multivariate and regression analysis, preoperative antiviral therapy (HR=0.301,95%CI:0.171-0.532,P<0.001), alpha fetoprotein (HR=1.226,95%CI:1.157-1.776,P=0.032) and tumor size (HR=1.008,95%CI:1.001-1.016,P=0.02) were important prognostic factors for overall survival. The area under curve value of 3-year survival prediction model was 0.749(95%CI: 0.712-0.782), and that of 5-year survival prediction model was 0.755(95%CI: 0.724-0.793), with good calibration. Conclusions: Preoperative anti hepatitis B virus(HBV) therapy can significantly improve the prognosis of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma complicated with microvascular tumor thrombus, we develope the prediction models of 3-year and 5-year survival rate that can improve the reference for clinical work and benefit patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Trombose , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Feminino , Hepatectomia , Vírus da Hepatite B , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(7): 711-715, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371545

RESUMO

Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is an important link for the progression of metabolic-related fatty liver disease to end-stage liver disease such as cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, which seriously endangers human health. NASH pathogenesis is complex, and involves the interaction between hepatic parenchymal and non-parenchymal cells (NPCs), sinusoidal endothelial cells, Kupffer cells, hepatic stellate cells, and so on. Herein, the relevant research progress of NPCs in the pathogenesis of NASH is reviewed in order to further understand the role of NPCs in NASH.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hepáticas , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Células Endoteliais , Hepatócitos , Humanos , Fígado
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