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1.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 607(Pt 1): 61-67, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492354

RESUMO

Rechargeable alkaline nickel-zinc (Ni-Zn) batteries are attracting increased attention owing to their exceptional inherent safety and high specific capacity. Unfortunately, the limited power and cycling performances of these Ni-Zn batteries are still challenging. Herein, bimetal nickel-cobalt sulfide/ reduced graphene oxide (NiCo-S/RGO) composites with tunable compositions are synthesized by rational designing precursor and subsequent sulfidation treatment. NiCo-S is evenly anchored on RGO surface, resulting in increased number of electrochemical active sites, accelerated electrolyte ion diffusion, and enhanced electrical conductivity. Particularly, by tuning the Ni and Co composition ratios in NiCo-S, NiCo-S/RGO with a Ni to Co ratio of 2:1 (NiCo-S-2/RGO) shows a specific capacity of 145.7 mA h g-1 at 1 A g-1 and long-life cycling retention of 84.7% after 1000 cycles, and the above performances are superior than the controlled samples with other Ni to Co ratios. Furthermore, the as-assembled alkaline zinc batteries of NiCo-S-2/RGO//Zn deliver an impressive specific energy of 333.2 W h kg-1, showing great potential in practical applications. This experiment hopefully provides new idea for construction of high-performance electrodes of aqueous rechargeable batteries.

2.
Front Oncol ; 11: 700204, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34722248

RESUMO

Objective: To confirm the diagnostic performance of computed tomography (CT)-based texture analysis (CTTA) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based texture analysis for grading cartilaginous tumors in long bones and to compare these findings to radiological features. Materials and Methods: Twenty-nine patients with enchondromas, 20 with low-grade chondrosarcomas and 16 with high-grade chondrosarcomas were included retrospectively. Clinical and radiological information and 9 histogram features extracted from CT, T1WI, and T2WI were evaluated. Binary logistic regression analysis was performed to determine predictive factors for grading cartilaginous tumors and to establish diagnostic models. Another 26 patients were included to validate each model. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were generated, and accuracy rate, sensitivity, specificity and positive/negative predictive values (PPV/NPV) were calculated. Results: On imaging, endosteal scalloping, cortical destruction and calcification shape were predictive for grading cartilaginous tumors. For texture analysis, variance, mean, perc.01%, perc.10%, perc.99% and kurtosis were extracted after multivariate analysis. To differentiate benign cartilaginous tumors from low-grade chondrosarcomas, the imaging features model reached the highest accuracy rate (83.7%) and AUC (0.841), with a sensitivity of 75% and specificity of 93.1%. The CTTA feature model best distinguished low-grade and high-grade chondrosarcomas, with accuracies of 71.9%, and 80% in the training and validation groups, respectively; T1-TA and T2-TA could not distinguish them well. We found that the imaging feature model best differentiated benign and malignant cartilaginous tumors, with an accuracy rate of 89.2%, followed by the T1-TA feature model (80.4%). Conclusions: The imaging feature model and CTTA- or MRI-based texture analysis have the potential to differentiate cartilaginous tumors in long bones by grade. MRI-based texture analysis failed to grade chondrosarcomas.

3.
Microb Genom ; 7(11)2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34762026

RESUMO

Burkholderia pseudomallei is a Gram-negative soil-dwelling bacillus that causes melioidosis, a frequently fatal infectious disease, in tropical and subtropical regions. Previous studies have identified the overall genetic and evolutionary characteristics of B. pseudomallei on a global scale, including its origin and transmission routes. However, beyond its known hyperendemicity foci in northern Australia and Southeast Asia, the distribution and genetic characteristics of B. pseudomallei in most tropical regions remain poorly understood, including in southern China. Here, we sequenced the genomes of 122 B. pseudomallei strains collected from Hainan, an island in southern China, in 2002-2018, to investigate the population structure, relationships with global strains, local epidemiology, and virulence and antimicrobial-resistance factors. A phylogenetic analysis and hierarchical clustering divided the Hainan strains into nine phylogenic groups (PGs), 80 % of which were concentrated within five major groups (group 1: corresponding to minor sequence types [STs], 12.3 %; group 3: ST46 and ST50, 31.1 %; group 9: ST58, 13.1 %; group 11: ST55, 8.2 %; group 15: mainly ST658, 15.6%). A phylogenetic analysis that included global strains suggested that B. pseudomallei in Hainan originated from Southeast Asian countries, transmitted in multiple historical importation events. We also identified several mutual transmission events between Hainan and Southeast Asian countries in recent years, including three importation events from Thailand and Singapore to Hainan and three exportation events from Hainan to Singapore, Malaysia, and Taiwan island. A statistical analysis of the temporal distribution showed that the Hainan strains of groups 3, 9, and 15 have dominated the disease epidemic locally in the last 5 years. The spatial distribution of the Hainan strains demonstrated that some PGs are distributed in different cities on Hainan island, and by combining phylogenic and geographic distribution information, we detected 21 between-city transmission events, indicating its frequent local transmission. The detection of virulence factor genes showed that 56 % of the Hainan strains in group 1 encode a B. pseudomallei-specific adherence factor, boaB, confirming the specific pathogenic characteristics of the Hainan strains in group 1. An analysis of the antimicrobial-resistance potential of B. pseudomallei showed that various kinds of alterations were identified in clinically relevant antibiotic resistance factors, such as AmrR, PenA and PBP3, etc. Our results clarify the population structure, local epidemiology, and pathogenic characteristics of B. pseudomallei in Hainan, providing further insight into its regional and global transmission networks and improving our knowledge of its global phylogeography.

4.
Pharmgenomics Pers Med ; 14: 1403-1413, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34785928

RESUMO

Objective: Gene polymorphism is closely related to tumor development, therapeutic response and prognosis. The relationship between regenerating gene 1A (Reg1A) polymorphism and nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is unclear. This retrospective study aimed to analyze the association between Reg1a polymorphisms and metastasis, radiation sensitivity and survivals in patients with NPC. Methods: A total of 308 patients who had received radiotherapy at the Affiliated Xinhua Hospital, Hainan Medical College, between January 2010 and December 2018 with NPC, were enrolled for assessment of Reg1a polymorphisms through direct DNA sequencing. Results: In the polymorphism of gene REG1A, patients with rs10165462 20CC genotype had later T stages (OR = 4.051, 95% CI: 1.775-9.244, P = 0.001), whereas carriers with rs12072 2922CC genotype had earlier T stages (OR = 1.891, 95% CI: 1.018-3.514, P = 0.044) after adjustments for age and gender, respectively. Among rs10165462 20 C/T polymorphism, 20TT wild-type was associated with better radiation response (P = 0.0019), and multivariate analysis showed that it was the only genotype of polymorphism that was significantly associated with better radiation response (OR = 0.265, 95% CI: 0.096-0.727, P = 0.01). Patients with the 20TT wild-type had a better five-year overall survival (60.9%) rate and five-year progression-free survival (60.8%) than those with the 20CC genotype (41.8% and 39.4%, P = 0.01 and P = 0.004, respectively). Patients with variant alleles (CC + CT) had significantly poorer OS (45.2%) and PFS (41.8%) compared with wild-type (TT) carriers (60.9% and 60.8%; P = 0.037 and P = 0.015, respectively). As for rs12072, patients with variant alleles (TT + TC) had significantly adverse OS and PFS compared with wild-type (CC) carriers (62.5% vs 44.8% and 62.5% vs 42.9%; P = 0.024 and P = 0.027, respectively). Cox regression showed that rs10165462 20CT was the only prognostic factor for OS (HR = 1.642, 95% CI 1.038-2.598, P = 0.034) and PFS (HR = 1.705, 95% CI 1.080-2.692, P = 0.022). Conclusion: Reg1a polymorphisms may be a predictor of radiation response, local invasion, OS and PFS in patients with NPC who undergo radiotherapy treatment.

5.
Pain Pract ; 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34779130

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Erector spinae plane block (ESPB) is a new method of administering analgesics to patients perioperatively. The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the opioid-sparing effects of erector spinae plane block in patients during the perioperative period compared to conventional analgesia and identify its role in the development of opioid-free anesthesia. METHODS: Relevant study articles were retrieved from PubMed, the Web of Science, Medline via Ovid, Embase via Ovid, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) on June 11, 2020. We included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the use of ESPB with control (no/sham block). The primary outcome was opioid consumption at 24h after surgery and intraoperative opioid consumption. A random-effects model was used to calculate the standardized mean difference (SMD) and odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) if there was significant heterogeneity in the data, otherwise, the fixed-effect model was used. RESULTS: A total of 25 randomized controlled trials involving 1461 patients were included. The use of ultrasound-guided ESPB was associated with reduced opioid consumption at 24 h after surgery [SMD: -2.14, 95% CI: -2.61 to -1.67, P<0.001] and during the intraoperative period [SMD: -2.30, 95% CI: -3.21 to -1.40, P<0.001]. In addition, it took a longer time to administer the first rescue analgesia in the ESPB group [SMD:3.60, 95% CI: 2.23 to 4.97, P<0.001] and the group was associated with lower incidences of postoperative nausea or vomiting (PONV) [OR: 0.50, 95% CI: 0.34 to 0.72, P<0.001]. CONCLUSIONS: Ultrasound-guided ESPB could provide an opioid-sparing effect and effective analgesia in adults undergoing surgeries with general anesthesia, and then promote opioid-free anesthesia development.

6.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 9: 748746, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34746104

RESUMO

The ongoing Corona virus disease (COVID-19) outbreak has become a huge global health concern. Here, we reported a novel detection platform based on the loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP), termed real-time reverse transcription LAMP (rRT-LAMP) and applied it for the diagnosis of COVID-19 (COVID-19 rRT-LAMP). rRT-LAMP integrates reverse transcription, LAMP amplification, restriction endonuclease cleavage and real-time fluorescence detection into one-pot reaction, and facilitates the diagnosis of COVID-19 at 64°C for only 35 min. The ORF1ab (opening reading frame 1a/b) and NP (nucleoprotein) genes of SARS-CoV-2 were detected for diagnosing COVID-19. The limit of detection (LoD) of COVID-19 rRT-LAMP assay was 14 copies (for each marker) per vessel, and no positive results were obtained from non-SARS-CoV-2 templates. To demonstrate its feasibility, a total of 33 oropharynx swab samples collected from COVID-19 patients also were diagnosed as SARS-CoV-2 infection using COVID-19 rRT-LAMP protocol. No cross-reactivity was yielded from 41 oropharynx swab samples collected from non-COVID-19 patients. These data suggesting that the COVID-19 rRT-LAMP assay is a potential detection tool for the diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 infection in clinical, field and disease control laboratories, and will be valuable for controlling the COVID-19 epidemic.

7.
Front Oncol ; 11: 683869, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34595106

RESUMO

Objective: To determine whether contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) can promote the identification of malignant and benign distal biliary strictures (DBSs) compared to the use of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) alone and to identify imaging findings of malignant DBSs. Materials and Methods: A total of 168 consecutive patients with confirmed DBSs were reviewed. MRCP alone and MRCP combined with CT images were blindly analyzed by two radiologists (e.g., stricture pattern, margins), and malignant or benign DBSs were identified based on surgical findings, endoscopy findings, or follow-up. The diagnostic accuracy of the two reviewers using MRCP alone and MRCP combined with CT were evaluated. MRCP and CT features of malignant and benign DBSs were compared using multiple logistic regression analysis to identify independent malignant risk factors. Results: MRCP combined with CT examination could improve the diagnostic accuracy, which increased from 70.2% to 81.5% in Doctor A and from 85.1% to 89.3% in Doctor B. The multiple logistic regression model revealed that stricture length [odds ratio (OR) 1.070, P=0.016], angle of the DBS (OR 1.061, P<0.001), double duct sign (OR 4.312, P=0.003) and low density in the arterial phase (OR 0.319, P=0.018) were associated with malignant DBS. A scoring model incorporating these four factors was established; at a threshold value of 1.75, and the sensitivity and specificity for the detection of malignant DBSs were 73.5 and 85.9%, respectively. Conclusions: Compared to the use of MRCP alone, MRCP combined with contrast-enhanced CT can improve the accuracy of DBS diagnosis. The scoring model accurately predicts malignant DBSs and helps make treatment decisions.

8.
Front Neurosci ; 15: 737874, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34630023

RESUMO

Background: People with chronic pain (CP) sometimes report impaired cognitive function, including a deficit of attention, memory, executive planning, and information processing. However, the association between CP and cognitive decline was still not clear. Our study aimed to assess the association of CP as a risk factor with cognitive decline among adults. Methods: We included data from clinical studies. Publications were identified using a systematic search strategy from PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases from inception to October 10, 2020. We used the mean cognitive outcome data and the standard deviations from each group. The standardized mean difference (SMD) or odds ratio (OR), and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were performed for each cognitive decline outcome. I 2-values were assessed to quantify the heterogeneities. Results: We included 37 studies with a total of 52,373 patients with CP and 80,434 healthy control participants. Because these studies used different evaluative methods, we analyzed these studies. The results showed CP was associated with cognitive decline when the short-form 36 health survey questionnaire (SF-36) mental component summary (SMD = -1.50, 95% CI = -2.19 to -0.81), the Montreal cognitive assessment (SMD = -1.11, 95% CI = -1.60 to -0.61), performance validity testing (SMD = 3.05, 95% CI = 1.74 to 4.37), or operation span (SMD = -1.83, 95% CI = -2.98 to -0.68) were used. However, we got opposite results when the studies using International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems classification (OR = 1.58, 95% CI = 0.97 to 2.56), the Mini-Mental State Examination (SMD = -0.42, 95% CI = -0.94 to 0.10; OR = 1.14, 95% CI = 0.91 to 1.42), and Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status memory component (SMD = -0.06, 95% CI = -0.37 to 0.25). Conclusion: There may be an association between CP and the incidence of cognitive decline when some cognitive, evaluative methods were used, such as short-form 36 health survey questionnaire, Montreal cognitive assessment, performance validity testing, and operation span.

9.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(5): 1570-1576, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627442

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expressions of microRNAs in peripheral blood of patients with primary immune thrombocytopenia(ITP) and its correlation with the imbalance of Th1/Th2 cells. METHODS: Thirty patients with ITP (ITP group) and 15 healthy people (control group) were enrolled.Real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to detect the expressions of six miRNAs (miR-107,miR-205-5p,miR-138-5p,miR-326,miR-1827,miR-185-5p) and Th1-specific transcription factor T-bet mRNA and Th2-specific transcription factor GATA-3 mRNA in the peripheral blood of the two groups. Th1 and Th2 cells were detected by flow cytometry. The expressions of Th1-cytokines TNF-α and IFN-γ and Th2-cytokines IL-4 and IL-10 were detected by AimPlex multiple immunoassays for Flow. The expression difference of miRNAs, mRNA, Th1, Th2 cells and cytokines of the two groups were compared, and the correlations of miRNAs to mRNA, Th1, Th2 cells and cytokines were analyzed in ITP group. RESULTS: The expressions of miRNAs(miR-107, miR-205-5p, miR-138-5p, miR-326, miR-1827, miR-185-5p)and Th2-specific transcription factor GATA-3 mRNA of the patients in ITP group were significantly decreased (P<0.05) as compared with those in control, while the expressions of Th1 cells and Th1-specific transcription factor T-bet mRNA and Th1-cytokines TNF-α were significantly increased (P<0.05), also for the ratios of T-bet mRNA/GATA-3 mRNA and Th1/Th2 cells were significantly increased (P<0.05). The relative expressions of miR-107, miR-205-5p, miR-138-5p in ITP patients were negatively correlated with Th2 cells (r=-0.411, r=-0.593, r=-0.403,P<0.05) and the relative expression of miR-1827 was negatively correlated with TNF-α (r=-0.390). CONCLUSION: The relative expressions of the six miRNAs in peripheral blood of patients with ITP are significantly decreased, which result in the increasing ratio of T-bet mRNA/GATA-3 mRNA, then lead to the imbalance of Th1/Th2.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática , Humanos , RNA Mensageiro , Células Th1 , Células Th2
10.
Biomedicines ; 9(10)2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34680589

RESUMO

(±)-Hypersines A-C (1-3), the three pairs of enantiomerically pure monoterpenoid polyprenylated acylphloroglucinols with an unprecedented 6/6/5/4 fused ring system, were isolated from Hypericum elodeoides. Their structures, including absolute configurations, were elucidated by comprehensive spectroscopic data, single-crystal X-ray diffraction, and quantum chemical calculations. The plausible, biosynthetic pathway of 1-3 was proposed. Moreover, the bioactivity evaluation indicated that 1a might be a novel DNA damage response inhibitor, and could enhance MCF-7 cell sensitivity to the anticancer agent, camptothecin.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639810

RESUMO

Exploring and analyzing the common demands and behavioral responses of different stakeholders is important for revealing the mediating mechanisms of ecosystem service (ES) and realizing the management and sustainable supply of ES. This study took Mizhi County, a poverty-stricken area on the Loess Plateau in China, as an example. First, the main stakeholders, common demands, and behavioral responses in the food provision services were identified. Second, the relationship among stakeholders was analyzed. Finally, this study summarized three types of mediating mechanisms of food provision services and analyzed the influence of the different types of mediating mechanisms. The main conclusions are as follows: (1) Five main stakeholders in the study area were identified: government, farmers, enterprises, cooperatives, and middlemen. (2) Increasing farmers' income is the common demand of most stakeholders in the study area, and this common demand has different effects on the behavioral responses of different stakeholders. (3) There are three types of mediating mechanisms in the study area: government + farmers mediating corn and mutton, government + enterprises mediating millet, and government + cooperatives mediating apples. On this basis, the effects of the different types of mediating mechanisms on variations in food yield, and trade-offs and synergies in typical townships, were analyzed.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Ecossistema , China , Grão Comestível , Fazendeiros , Humanos
12.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 21045, 2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34702954

RESUMO

Tobacco bushy top disease (TBTD) is a devastating tobacco disease in the southwestern region of China. TBTD in the Yunnan Province is often caused by co-infections of several plant viruses: tobacco bushy top virus (TBTV), tobacco vein distorting virus (TVDV), tobacco bushy top virus satellite RNA (TBTVsatRNA) and tobacco vein distorting virus-associated RNA (TVDVaRNA). Through this study, two new poleroviruses were identified in two TBTD symptomatic tobacco plants and these two novel viruses are tentatively named as tobacco polerovirus 1 (TPV1) and tobacco polerovirus 2 (TPV2), respectively. Analyses of 244 tobacco samples collected from tobacco fields in the Yunnan Province through RT-PCR showed that a total of 80 samples were infected with TPV1 and/or TPV2, and the infection rates of TPV1 and TPV2 were 8.61% and 29.51%, respectively. Thirty-three TPV1 and/or TPV2-infected tobacco samples were selected for further test for TBTV, TVDV, TBTVsatRNA and TVDVaRNA infections. The results showed that many TPV1 and/or TPV2-infected plants were also infected with two or more other assayed viruses. In this study, we also surveyed TBTV, TVDV, TBTVsatRNA and TVDVaRNA infections in a total of 1713 leaf samples collected from field plants belonging to 29 plant species in 13 plant families and from 11 provinces/autonomous regions in China. TVDV had the highest infection rates of 37.5%, while TVDVaRNA, TBTV and TBTVsatRNA were found to be at 23.0%, 12.4% and 8.1%, respectively. In addition, TVDV, TBTV, TBTVsatRNA and TVDVaRNA were firstly detected of co-infection on 10 plants such as broad bean, pea, oilseed rape, pumpkin, tomato, crofton weed etc., and 1 to 4 of the TBTD causal agents were present in the samples collected from Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Liaoning, Inner mongolia and Tibet autonomous regions. The results indicated that TBTD causal agents are expanding its host range and posing a risk to other crop in the field.

15.
Sci Total Environ ; 807(Pt 1): 150814, 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34626635

RESUMO

Due to strong endocrine disrupting effects, steroids in the environment have attracted substantial attention, with studies mostly focusing on the parent steroids. Here, we conducted the first investigation on the contamination profiles, possible sources, mass inventories, and ecological risks of 27 steroids and their metabolites in 15 typical fishing ports in Southeast China. Twelve steroids were detectable in the sediment samples with the total mean concentrations of 4.6-35 ng/g. High proportions of steroid metabolites were measured in the sediments and five metabolites were newly observed. Untreated municipal sewage and aquaculture wastes constitute the possible steroid sources in the studied fishing ports. The total inventories of steroids in fishing ports ranged from 2.1-16 mg/m2, with their metabolites being important contributors. The ecological risk analysis indicated high risks across all sampling sites mainly due to the contributions of parent steroids. Furthermore, our results found that progesterone is an acceptable chemical indicator for various steroids in sediments. This study provides the first evidence of steroid metabolites in the marine environment, calling for more studies in environmental behavior and ecotoxicology of steroid metabolites.

16.
Anat Rec (Hoboken) ; 304(11): 2381-2396, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34626452

RESUMO

Salivary gland dysfunction (SGD) induced by chemo- and radiotherapy for head and neck cancer (HNC) has always been a difficult problem in modern medicine. The quality of life of a large number of HNC patients is severely impaired by SGD such as xerostomia and dysphagia. In recent years, several studies have found that acupuncture can improve patients' salivary secretion, but it has not yet been approved as an alternative therapy for SGD. For this reason, we collected the clinical study reports on acupuncture in the treatment of SGD induced by chemo- and radiotherapy in HNC patients in the past 20 years, and analyzed and discussed the advantages and disadvantages of these studies with respect to tumor types, group setting, intervention modality, acupoints selection, outcome evaluation, and safety. We believed that acupuncture is beneficial for SGD, but the existing objective evidence is insufficient to support its effectiveness. Therefore, improving the Standards for Reporting Interventions in Clinical Trials of Acupuncture, selecting the optimal combination of acupoints through scientific and rigorous study design, and exploring the potential mechanism of acupuncture in the treatment of diseases combined with the meridian theory may be effective ways to promote the acceptance of acupuncture as an alternative therapy for SGD in future. The significance of this review is to provide a reference for researchers to carry out high-quality clinical trials of acupuncture in the treatment of SGD in future from the perspective of the combination of modern medicine and traditional Chinese medicine.

17.
Epilepsy Behav ; 124: 108330, 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34649159

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify the patterns and possible predictors of seizure recurrence after durable seizure freedom during maintenance of anti-seizure medication (ASM) treatment. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective longitudinal study that identified all adult individuals with epilepsy (IWE) at the George Washington University outpatient epilepsy clinic between 1/1/2014 and 12/31/2016 who had been seizure free for at least 2 years. We followed up the patients until 5/30/2020 for seizure recurrence. The data were analyzed using survival analysis, univariate analysis, and multivariate regression with Cox proportional hazard model. Outcomes were dichotomized into seizure relapse and seizure freedom. The total number of relapses and triggers of the initial relapse for individual patient were also analyzed. RESULTS: This single-center cohort consisted of 220 IWE (age 21-80) of whom 99 patients had been seizure free for 2-3 years and 121 patients had been seizure free for more than 3 years. In this cohort, 48 patients (22%) experienced at least one seizure relapse during the span of the study. Of the relapsing patients, 25 (52%) had a single seizure relapse, and 8 (15%) had frequent seizure relapses (n ≥ 5) and developed pharmacoresistance. Half of the initial seizure relapses occurred without a trigger. Among those with at least one year of follow-up after relapsing (n = 33), 29 (86%) regained seizure freedom for at least 1 year. Among 26 patients with at least 2 years of follow-up, only 14 (55%) regained at least 2 years of seizure freedom. Previous longer duration of seizure freedom and ASM monotherapy predicted less chances of seizure relapse and fewer seizure numbers after relapse. No difference in prognosis was noted among relapsing patients between those with or without triggers. SIGNIFICANCE: Patients with well-controlled epilepsy may have seizure relapses with or without identifiable triggers. Most patients regained at least 1-year seizure freedom after the initial relapse, whereas about half patients reachieved 2-year seizure remission. About 15% of the relapsing patients may subsequently develop pharmacoresistance. Prognostic factors of seizure recurrences include duration of initial seizure remission and the number of ASMs used during remission. The presence of identifiable triggers for the initial seizure relapse does not predict future outcome.

18.
Int J Gen Med ; 14: 5771-5785, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34557029

RESUMO

Background: The prevalence and cancer-specific death rate of lung cancer (LC) have risen in recent decades. A universally applicable prognostic signature for both adenocarcinoma LC (LUAD) and squamous cell carcinoma LC (LUSC) is still lacking. Methods: A total of 453 patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA)-LUAD cohort and 452 patients from TCGA-LUSC cohort were enrolled, and a prognostic model was constructed using least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression analysis based on the consensus prognostic genes in both cohorts. The newly defined pan-lung cancer risk count (PLCRC) of each patient was calculated via the summation formula. Results: A total of 23 genes were selected for the calculation of the PLCRC. The PLCRC showed a moderate prognostic value in the entire (p < 0.001, HR: 2.75, AUC: 0.643), LUAD (p < 0.001, HR: 2.51, AUC: 0.636) and LUSC (p < 0.001, HR: 2.89, AUC: 0.656) cohorts. The PLCRC was an independent prognostic factor after adjusting the clinical features. The PLCRC was also effective in nine external validation cohorts and in patients with different clinical features. Activation of extracellular matrix pathways and infiltration of immunocytes promoted the tumorigenesis and development of both LUAD and LUSC. We generated a universally applicable prognostic signature, the PLCRC, which could dichotomize patients with significantly different clinical outcomes and guide the clinical treatment of LC patients. Chemotherapy is more suitable for patients with a low PLCRC, while anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 immunotherapy is more suitable for patients with a high PLCRC. Conclusion: We established and validated a newly defined prognostic signature, the PLCRC, for both LUAD and LUSC patients and provided clinical strategies for patients from different risk subgroups.

19.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 731593, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34568389

RESUMO

Objective: We investigated whether there were sex differences in adverse reactions to an inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine among medical staff in China. Methods: From 24 February to 7 March 2021 an online cross-sectional survey was conducted with a self-administered COVID-19 vaccine questionnaire among medical staff in Taizhou, China. In total, 1397 interviewees (1,107 women and 290 men) participated in the survey. Results: In our study, 178 (16.1%) women and 23 (7.9%) men reported adverse reactions following their first vaccination, and 169 (15.3%) women and 35 (12.1%) men reported adverse reactions following their second vaccination. After adjusting for confounding factors, adverse reactions to other vaccines, worry about adverse reactions, knowledge of the inactivated vaccine being used in the hospital, taking the vaccine for one's family proactively and receiving an influenza vaccination were significantly related to adverse reactions to both injections in women. In contrast, in men, concerns about adverse reactions independently increased the risk of adverse reactions following either vaccination, and a history of adverse reactions to other vaccines also increased the risk of adverse reactions to both injections. Conclusions: Sex differences in the frequency of reported adverse reactions to an inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine and potential factors were demonstrated in a sample of medical staff.

20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(17): 4504-4510, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581056

RESUMO

In this study, we investigated the mechanism of crude extract of Psammosilene tunicoides(CEPT) in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis(RA) based on the Nod-like receptor protein 3(NLRP3) inflammasome. The collagen-induced arthritis(CIA) mouse model was established. On day 32 after the primary immunization, according to the arthritis score, the mice were randomly divided into model group, positive control(methotrexate) group, low-and high-dose CEPT groups, and normal group, with 10 mice in each group. According to the administration dose of each group, the mice were continuously administered for 21 days. Every four days during the administration, the paw edema degree, arthritis score, and spleen index of the mice were measured; histopathological examination was performed for the ankles of the mice; the contents of IL-1ß and IL-18 in the serum were determined; the protein expression levels of NLRP3, caspase-1, and apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD(ASC), as well as the mRNA expression levels of NLRP3 and caspase-1 in the ankle joints of the mice were detected. The results showed that compared with those in the model group, the mice in the positive control group and CEPT groups had significantly decreased the contents of IL-1ß and IL-18 in the serum and spleen index(P<0.01), significantly lowered arthritis score and degree of paw edema(P<0.01), alleviated arthritic infiltration of the knee, and down-regulated protein and mRNA levels of NLRP3, ASC, and caspase-1 in the ankle joint(P<0.01). These results suggest that P. tunicoides may reduce the paw edema and arthritis score and alleviate the inflammatory response in CIA mice by inhibiting the expression of NLRP3. This study provides a basis for the study of immune regulation of P. tunicoides in RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Experimental , Artrite Reumatoide , Animais , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Experimental/genética , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Caspase 1/genética , Inflamassomos/genética , Camundongos , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética
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