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1.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(3): 1962-1967, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492368

RESUMO

Oroxylum as a traditional Chinese medicine, was used as a green and novel bio-template to synthesize tremella-like Li3V2(PO4)3/C composite (LVPC) cathode materials by adopting a facile immersion method. The microstructures were analyzed by X-ray diffraction analysis, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. The electrochemical properties were investigated by galvanostatic charge-discharge experiments. The LVPC revealed specific capacity of 95 mAh·g-1 at 1 C rate within potential range of 3.0-4.3 V. After 100 cycles at 0.2 C, the retention of discharge capacity was 96%. The modified electrochemical performance is mainly resulted from the distinct tremella-like structure.

3.
J Integr Plant Biol ; 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31691466

RESUMO

Pathogen avirulence (Avr) effectors interplay with corresponding plant resistance (R) proteins and activate robust plant immune responses. Although the expression pattern of Avr genes has been tied to their functions for a long time, it is still not clear how Avr gene expression patterns impact plant-microbe interactions. Here, we selected PsAvr3b, which shows a typical effector gene expression pattern from a soybean root pathogen Phytophthora sojae. To modulate gene expression, we engineered PsAvr3b promoter sequences by in situ substitution with promoter sequences from Actin (constitutive expression), PsXEG1 (early expression), and PsNLP1 (later expression) using the CRISPR/Cas9. PsAvr3b driven by different promoters resulted in distinct expression levels across all the tested infection time points. Importantly, those mutants with low PsAvr3b expression successfully colonized soybean plants carrying the cognate R gene Rps3b. To dissect the difference in plant responses to the PsAvr3b expression level, we conducted RNA-sequencing of different infection samples at 24 hours post-infection and found soybean immune genes, including a few previously unknown genes that are associated with resistance. Our study highlights that fine-tuning in Avr gene expression impacts the compatibility of plant disease and provides clues to improve crop resistance in disease control management. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

4.
Am J Hum Genet ; 105(5): 1057-1068, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31668705

RESUMO

Average arterial oxyhemoglobin saturation during sleep (AvSpO2S) is a clinically relevant measure of physiological stress associated with sleep-disordered breathing, and this measure predicts incident cardiovascular disease and mortality. Using high-depth whole-genome sequencing data from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) Trans-Omics for Precision Medicine (TOPMed) project and focusing on genes with linkage evidence on chromosome 8p23,1,2 we observed that six coding and 51 noncoding variants in a gene that encodes the GTPase-activating protein (DLC1) are significantly associated with AvSpO2S and replicated in independent subjects. The combined DLC1 association evidence of discovery and replication cohorts reaches genome-wide significance in European Americans (p = 7.9 × 10-7). A risk score for these variants, built on an independent dataset, explains 0.97% of the AvSpO2S variation and contributes to the linkage evidence. The 51 noncoding variants are enriched in regulatory features in a human lung fibroblast cell line and contribute to DLC1 expression variation. Mendelian randomization analysis using these variants indicates a significant causal effect of DLC1 expression in fibroblasts on AvSpO2S. Multiple sources of information, including genetic variants, gene expression, and methylation, consistently suggest that DLC1 is a gene associated with AvSpO2S.

5.
Behav Pharmacol ; 30(8): 700-711, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31703032

RESUMO

The brain renin-angiotensin system plays a vital role in the modulation of the neuroinflammatory responses and the progression of dopaminergic (DA) degeneration. Angiotensin II (Ang II) induces microglia activation via angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R), which in turn affects the function of DA neurons. Endophilin A2 (EPA2) is involved in fast endophilin-mediated endocytosis and quickly endocytoses several G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR), while AT1R belongs to GPCR family. Therefore, we speculated that EPA2 may modulate microglia activation via endocytosing AT1R. Biochanin A is an O-methylated isoflavone, classified as a kind of phytoestrogen due to its chemical structure that is similar to mammalian estrogens. In this study, we investigated the protective effects of biochanin A on Ang II-induced DA neurons damage in vivo, and molecular mechanisms. The results showed that biochanin A treatment for 7 days attenuated the behavioral dysfunction, inhibited the microglial activation, and prevented DA neuron damage in Ang II-induced rats. Furthermore, biochanin A increased EPA2 expression and decreased the expression of AT1R, gp91phox, p22 phox, NLRP3, ASC, Caspase-1, IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-18, and TNF-α. In summary, these results suggest that biochanin A exerts protective effects in Ang II-induced model rats, and the mechanisms may involve inhibition of inflammatory responses, an increase in EPA2 expression and a decrease in AT1R expression.

6.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; : 1-6, 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31645162

RESUMO

Introduction: To compare neonatal respiratory morbidity among small for gestational age (SGA; birth weight less than 10th percentile for gestational age) versus appropriate for gestational age (AGA; BW at 10-90th percentile) neonates born in the late preterm period. Methods: A secondary analysis of a multicenter randomized trial of antenatal corticosteroids for women at risk for late preterm birth. Singleton, nonanomalous, AGA or SGA births that delivered at 34-36 weeks were included. Women were excluded if they delivered after 37 weeks or had a large for gestational age baby (LGA; weight over 90th for gestational age). The primary outcome was a composite of any of the following: respiratory support by 72 h (continuous positive airway pressure or high flow nasal cannula ≥2 h, oxygen with a fraction of inspired oxygen of ≥30% for ≥4 h, extra corporeal membrane oxygenation or mechanical ventilation) or neonatal death. The secondary outcomes included several neonatal and maternal morbidities. Multivariable Poisson regression models were used to examine the association between neonatal weight and outcomes (using adjusted relative risk [aRR] and 95% confidence intervals [CI]). Results: Of the 2831 women in the parent trial, 2315 (82%) women met inclusion criteria; among them, 426 (18%) of the neonates were SGA. There was no significant difference in the risk of the primary outcome between SGA and AGA (13.1 versus 15.1%, aRR 0.85, 95% CI 0.66-1.10). SGA, however, was associated with an increased risk for neonatal intensive care unit admission (68 versus 45%, aRR 1.60, 95% CI 1.47-1.74), hypothermia (12.2 versus 8.8%, aRR 1.36, 95% CI 1.01-1.83), feeding problems (47.2 versus 36.9%, aRR 1.24, 95% CI 1.07-1.45) and a decreased risk of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia (7.5 versus 12.7%, aRR 0.59, 95% CI 0.41-0.84), when compared to AGA. Conclusion: In this cohort of late preterm birth, there was no significant difference in the rate of composite respiratory morbidity between SGA and AGA newborns.

7.
EBioMedicine ; 2019 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31636010

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diabetic retinopathy, a vascular complication of diabetes mellitus, is the leading cause of visual impairment and blindness. circRNAs act as competing endogenous RNA, sponging target miRNA and thus influencing mRNA expression in vascular diseases. We investigated whether and how circDNMT3B is involved in retinal vascular dysfunction under diabetic conditions. METHODS: qRT-PCR was performed to detect expression of circDNMT3B, miR-20b-5p, and BAMBI in retinal microvascular endothelial cells under diabetic conditions. Western blot, Cell Counting Kit-8, Transwell, Matrigel tube formation, and retinal trypsin digestion assays were conducted to explore the roles of circDNMT3B/miR-20b-5p/BAMBI in retinal vascular dysfunction. Bioinformatics analysis and luciferase reporter, siRNA, and overexpression assays were used to reveal the mechanisms of the circDNMT3B/miR-20b-5p/BAMBI interaction. Electroretinograms were used to evaluate visual function. FINDINGS: Upregulation of miR-20b-5p under diabetic conditions promoted proliferation, migration, and tube formation of human retinal microvascular endothelial cells (HRMECs), which was mediated by downregulated BAMBI. Under diabetic conditions, circDNMT3B, which acts as a sponge of miR-20b-5p, is downregulated. circDNMT3B overexpression reduced retinal acellular capillary number and alleviated visual damage in diabetic rats. Changes in expression of circDNMT3B and miR-20b-5p were confirmed in the proliferative fibrovascular membranes of patients with diabetic retinopathy. INTERPRETATION: Downregulation of circDNMT3B contributes to vascular dysfunction in diabetic retinas through regulating miR-20b-5p and BAMBI, providing a potential treatment strategy for diabetic retinopathy. FUNDING: National Natural Science Foundation of China, National Key Basic Research Program of China, Shanghai Municipal Science and Technology Major Project, and ZJLab.

8.
Brain ; 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31605140

RESUMO

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) presents with focal muscle weakness due to motor neuron degeneration that becomes generalized, leading to death from respiratory failure within 3-5 years from symptom onset. Despite the heterogeneity of aetiology, TDP-43 proteinopathy is a common pathological feature that is observed in >95% of ALS and tau-negative frontotemporal dementia (FTD) cases. TDP-43 is a DNA/RNA-binding protein that in ALS and FTD translocates from being predominantly nuclear to form detergent-resistant, hyperphosphorylated aggregates in the cytoplasm of affected neurons and glia. Mutations in TARDBP account for 1-4% of all ALS cases and almost all arise in the low complexity C-terminal domain that does not affect RNA binding and processing. Here we report an ALS/FTD kindred with a novel K181E TDP-43 mutation that is located in close proximity to the RRM1 domain. To offer predictive gene testing to at-risk family members, we undertook a series of functional studies to characterize the properties of the mutation. Spectroscopy studies of the K181E protein revealed no evidence of significant misfolding. Although it is unable to bind to or splice RNA, it forms abundant aggregates in transfected cells. We extended our study to include other ALS-linked mutations adjacent to the RRM domains that also disrupt RNA binding and greatly enhance TDP-43 aggregation, forming detergent-resistant and hyperphosphorylated inclusions. Lastly, we demonstrate that K181E binds to, and sequesters, wild-type TDP-43 within nuclear and cytoplasmic inclusions. Thus, we demonstrate that TDP-43 mutations that disrupt RNA binding greatly enhance aggregation and are likely to be pathogenic as they promote wild-type TDP-43 to mislocalize and aggregate acting in a dominant-negative manner. This study highlights the importance of RNA binding to maintain TDP-43 solubility and the role of TDP-43 aggregation in disease pathogenesis.

9.
Ecol Lett ; 2019 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31631491

RESUMO

Increases in niche complementarity have been hypothesised to reduce the intensity of interspecific competition within natural forests. In regions currently experiencing potentially enhanced growth under global environmental change, niche complementarity may become even more beneficial. However, few studies have provided direct evidence of this mechanism. Here, we use data from 180 permanent sample plots in Manitoba, Canada, with a full spatial mapping of all stems, to show that complementarity effects on average increased with neighbourhood competition intensity and temporally rising CO2 , warming and water availability. Importantly, complementarity effects increased with both shade tolerance and phylogenetic dissimilarity between the focal tree and its neighbours. Our results provide further evidence that increasing stand functional and phylogenetic diversity can improve individual tree productivity, especially for individuals experiencing intense competition and may offer an avenue to maintain productivity under global environmental change.

10.
Free Radic Res ; : 1-11, 2019 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31631710

RESUMO

Of all the aerobic respiration by-products, cytotoxic superoxide derived from mitochondrial-leaked electrons, is the only one known to be disposed of intracellularly. Is this fate the only destiny for mitochondrial-leaked electrons? When Cynomolgus monkeys were injected intravenously with reactive oxygen species (ROS) indicators, the connective tissues of dura mater, facial fascia, pericardium, linea alba, dorsa fascia and other body parts, emitted specific and intense fluorescent signals. Moreover, the fluorescent signals along the linea alba of SD rats, did not result from the local presence of ROS but from the interaction of ROS indicators with electrons flowing through this tissue. Furthermore, the electrons travelling along the linea alba of mice were revealed to originate from mitochondria. These data suggest that mitochondrial-leaked electrons may be transported extracellularly to a hitherto undescribed system of connective tissues, which is pervasively networked, electrically conductive and metabolically related.

11.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 558: 100-105, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31585218

RESUMO

Herein, strongly coupled Mo2C and Ni nanoparticles with in-situ formed interfaces encapsulated by porous carbon nanofibers (Ni-Mo2C-CNF) have been rationally fabricated via pyrolyzing electrospinning polyvinyl alcohol fibers containing hydrothermally obtained NiMoO4 under Ar atmosphere and applied as high-performance and stable electrocatalyst for HER in alkaline electrolytes. Powered by NiMoO4 as homologous bimetallic precursor, the Ni-Mo2C-CNF possesses numerous in-situ formed Ni-Mo2C interfaces, which facilitates the synergistic effect between Ni and Mo2C, improving the conductivity and thus boosting the electrocatalytic performance towards HER. In the meantime, the porous carbon nanofibers with well encapsulated Ni-Mo2C active components stacks, constituting conductive network, which promotes the mass transport, electron transfer, active sites exposure and electrocatalytic stability. As a result, the Ni-Mo2C-CNF features prominently in HER, as it demands a low overpotential of 196 mV but is able to stably yield the current density of 10 mA cm-2 with a small Tafel plot of 54.7 mV dec-1. The method demonstrated in our work to synthesize bimetallic heterostructured materials will offer valuable inspiration to construct promising non-precious electrocatalysts for diverse vital renewable energy applications.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31625247

RESUMO

Soil organic carbon (SOC) is a valuable resource for mediating global climate change and securing food production. Despite an alarming rate of global plant diversity loss, uncertainties concerning the effects of plant diversity on SOC remain, because plant diversity not only stimulates litter inputs via increased productivity, thus enhancing SOC, but also stimulates microbial respiration, thus reducing SOC. By analysing 1001 paired observations of plant mixtures and corresponding monocultures from 121 publications, we show that both SOC content and stock are on average 5 and 8% higher in species mixtures than in monocultures. These positive mixture effects increase over time and are more pronounced in deeper soils. Microbial biomass carbon, an indicator of SOC release and formation, also increases, but the proportion of microbial biomass carbon in SOC is lower in mixtures. Moreover, these species-mixture effects are consistent across forest, grassland, and cropland systems and are independent of background climates. Our results indicate that converting 50% of global forests from mixtures to monocultures would release an average of 2.70 Pg C from soil annually over a period of 20 years: about 30% of global annual fossil-fuel emissions. Our study highlights the importance of plant diversity preservation for the maintenance of soil carbon sequestration in discussions of global climate change policy.

13.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 8(1): 91, 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31647031

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Species of the Anopheles hyrcanus group are widely distributed in Palearctic and Oriental regions and some of them are important malaria vectors. The cryptic species of An. hyrcanus group was almost impossible to identify based only on their morphology. The phylogenetic relationship of An. hyrcanus group was also not clear. METHODS: Five members of An. hyrcanus group were identified by rDNA ITS2 sequencing as An. yatsushiroensis, An. belenrae, An. kleini, An. lesteri and An. sineroides. The mitochondrial genome fragments were sequenced and annotated using the mitochondrial genome of An. sinensis as reference. Based on the four segments and Joint Data sequences of these species, and other four anopheline species downloaded from GenBank, intraspecific as well as interspecific genetic distances were calculated and the phylogenetic trees were reconstructed by the methods of neighbor joining, maximum parsimony, minimum evolution and maximum likelihood. FINDINGS: Four parts of mitochondrial genomes, which were partial fragments COI + tRNA + COII (F5), ATP6 + COIII(F7 + F8), ND1(F19) and lrRNA (F21), were obtained. All fragments were connected as one sequence (referred as Joint Data), which had a total length of 3393 bp. All fragment sequences were highly conservative within species, with the maximum p distance (0.026) calculated by F19 of An. belenrae. The pairwise interspecific p distance calculated by each fragment showed minor or even no difference among An. sinensis, An. kleini and An. belenrae. However, interspecific p distances calculated by the Joint Data sequence ranged from 0.004 (An. belenrae vs An. kleini) to 0.089 (An. sineroides vs An. minimus), and the p distances of the six members of An. hyrcanus group were all less than 0.029. The phylogenetic tree showed two major clades: all subgenus Anopheles species (including six members of An. hyrcanus group, An. atroparvus and An. quadrimaculatus A) and subgenus Cellia (including An. dirus and An. minimus). The An. hyrcanus group was divided into two clusters as ((An. lesteri, An. sineroides) An. yatsushiroensis) and ((An. belenrae, An. sinensis) An. kleini)). CONCLUSIONS: The An. hyrcanus group in this study could be divided into two clusters, in one of which An. belenrae, An. sinensis and An. kleini were most closely related. More molecular markers would make greater contribution to phylogenetic analysis.

14.
Cell Death Dis ; 10(10): 719, 2019 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31558697

RESUMO

The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) is a tight homeostatic control mechanism of intracellular protein degradation and turnover involved in many human diseases. Proteasome inhibitors were initially developed as anticancer agents with potential benefits in the suppression of tumor growth. However, clinical trials of patients with solid tumors fail to demonstrate the same efficacy of these proteasome inhibitors. Here, we show that Parkin, an E3 ubiquitin ligase, is implicated in tumorigenesis and therapy resistance of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the most common type of primary liver cancer in adults. Lower Parkin expression correlates with poor survival in patients with HCC. Ectopic Parkin expression enhances proteasome inhibitor-induced apoptosis and tumor suppression in HCC cells in vitro and in vivo. In contrast, knockdown of Parkin expression promotes apoptosis resistance and tumor growth. Mechanistically, Parkin promotes TNF receptor-associated factor (TRAF) 2 and TRAF6 degradation and thus facilitates nuclear factor-kappa-B (NF-κB) inhibition, which finally results in apoptosis. These findings reveal a direct molecular link between Parkin and protein degradation in the control of the NF-κB pathway and may provide a novel UPS-dependent strategy for the treatment of HCC by induction of apoptosis.

15.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(40): 36970-36984, 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487152

RESUMO

Carbon quantum dots (CQDs) as novel types of emerging materials have aroused tremendous attention in recent years. Herein, we report for the first time a new application of 3D CQD-based composite aerogels as excellent electrode materials for alkaline aqueous batteries. The scalable graphitic CQDs are prepared with high yields (>40%) and further utilized to fabricate the novel nitrogen-doped CQDs/reduced graphene oxide/porous Fe2O3 (N-CQDs/rGO/Fe2O3) composite aerogels with different contents of Fe2O3. Benefiting from the unique 3D network composite aerogel structure with a high surface area and hierarchical porous structure as well as the synergistic effect of high-capacity Fe2O3 and highly conductive and stable N-CQDs/rGO, the composite aerogels achieve enhanced electrochemical properties with ultrahigh specific capacity, admirable rate property, and superior cycling performance. Furthermore, the N-CQDs/rGO/Fe2O3-1 electrode (Fe2O3, 34.9 wt %) exhibits the best rate capability (72.1, 58.9, and 46.2% capacity retention at 5, 50, and 100 A g-1, respectively) and cycle performance (80.4% capacity retention at 3 A g-1 over 5000 cycles), while the N-CQDs/rGO/Fe2O3-3 electrode (Fe2O3, 62.3 wt %) displays the highest specific capacity (274.1 mA h g-1 at 1 A g-1). The current research provides a valuable guidance for developing high-performance 3D CQD-based composite aerogels for application in energy storage systems.

16.
Adv Mater ; 31(43): e1904495, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31497903

RESUMO

Natural killer (NK) cells can not only recognize and eliminate abnormal cells but also recruit and re-educate immune cells to protect the host. However, the functions of NK cells are often limited in the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment (TME). Here, artificial NK cells (designated as aNK) with minor limitations of TME for specific tumor killing and renegade macrophage re-education are created. The red blood cell membrane (RBCM) cloaks perfluorohexane (PFC) and glucose oxidase (GOX) to construct the aNK. The aNK can directly kill tumor cells by exhausting glucose and generating hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ). The generated H2 O2 is also similar to cytokines and chemokines for recruiting immune cells and re-educating survived macrophages to attack tumor cells. In addition, the oxygen-carried PFC can strengthen the catalytic reaction of GOX and normalize the hypoxic TME. In vitro and in vivo experiments display that aNK with slight TME limitations exhibit efficient tumor inhibition and immune activation. The aNK will provide a new sight to treat tumor as the supplement of aggressive NK cells.

17.
J Biol Chem ; 294(41): 15172-15175, 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31511327

RESUMO

Proteolysis targeting chimeras (PROTACs) are bivalent molecules that bring a cellular protein to a ubiquitin ligase E3 for ubiquitination and subsequent degradation. Although PROTAC has emerged as a promising therapeutic means for cancers as it rewires the ubiquitin pathway to destroy key cancer regulators, the degradation signals/pathways for PROTACs remain underdeveloped. Here we append single amino acids, the simplest degradation signal, to a ligand specific for estrogen-related receptor α (ERRα) and demonstrate their utility in ERRα knockdown via the N-end rule pathway and also their efficiency in the growth inhibition of breast cancer cells. The modular design described offers unique advantages including smaller molecular size with shortest degradation sequences and degradation speed modulation with different amino acids. Our study expands the repertoire of limited ubiquitin pathways currently available for PROTACs and could be easily adapted for broad use in targeted protein degradation.

18.
J Cell Biol ; 218(10): 3336-3354, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519728

RESUMO

The process of phagophore closure requires the endosomal sorting complex required for transport III (ESCRT-III) subunit CHMP2A and the AAA ATPase VPS4, but their regulatory mechanisms remain unknown. Here, we establish a FACS-based HaloTag-LC3 autophagosome completion assay to screen a genome-wide CRISPR library and identify the ESCRT-I subunit VPS37A as a critical component for phagophore closure. VPS37A localizes on the phagophore through the N-terminal putative ubiquitin E2 variant domain, which is found to be required for autophagosome completion but dispensable for ESCRT-I complex formation and the degradation of epidermal growth factor receptor in the multivesicular body pathway. Notably, loss of VPS37A abrogates the phagophore recruitment of the ESCRT-I subunit VPS28 and CHMP2A, whereas inhibition of membrane closure by CHMP2A depletion or VPS4 inhibition accumulates VPS37A on the phagophore. These observations suggest that VPS37A coordinates the recruitment of a unique set of ESCRT machinery components for phagophore closure in mammalian cells.

19.
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem ; : 1-10, 2019 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31495297

RESUMO

To date, studies on the application of loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) in the detection of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are stably increasing and demonstrates LAMP is a potential and promising method for on spot identification of GMOs. However, little information is known for detection of GM potato events by LAMP. In this report, we developed an optimized and visual LAMP assay with high specificity and sensitivity to rapidly amplify genomic DNA of potato EH92-527-1 within 45 min. The limit of detection of LAMP in our study is 10-fold higher than the conventional PCR. Furthermore, LAMP products can be directly observed via naked eyes by addition of SYBR Green I without gel electrophoresis analysis and PCR-based equipment. Therefore, the LAMP assay developed in this paper provides an efficient, convenient and cost-effective tool for the detection of GM potato EH92-527-1.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31498061

RESUMO

A Gram-reaction-negative, peach-brown-pigmented, slightly curved-rod-shaped, aerobic, non-motile bacterium, designated GSA243-2T, was isolated from fresh water samples collected from the Chishui River flowing through Maotai, Guizhou, south-west PR China. Phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genomic traits were investigated. Results of phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the isolate belonged to the genus Rhodoferax. The closest phylogenetic relative was Rhodoferax saidenbachensis ATCC BAA-1852T (98.35 %). The major fatty acids were C16: 0 and C16 : 1ω6c and/or C16 : 1ω7c. The major respiratory quinone was ubiquinone Q-8 and the major polar lipid was phosphatidylethanolamine. Genome sequencing revealed a genome size of 3.67 Mbp and a G+C content of 61.17 mol%. Pairwise-determined whole genome average nucleotide identity values and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values suggested that strain GSA243-2T represents a new species, for which we propose the name Rhodoferaxbucti sp. nov. with the type strain GSA243-2T (=CGMCC 1.16288T=KCTC 62564T).

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