Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 17 de 17
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Phytomedicine ; 52: 272-283, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30599908

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Berberine (BBR) is the most abundant and major active constituent of Rhizoma Coptidis (RC), which has been widely used to treat inflammatory diseases in traditional oriental medicine. Despite BBR has been found to exhibit pronounced anti-inflammatory effect, the anti-inflammatory activities of its natural derivatives were sparsely dissected out. PURPOSE: To comparatively investigate the anti-inflammatory potential of BBR, and its natural oxoderivative (oxyberberine, OBB) and reduced derivative (dihydroberberine, DHBB) in vitro and in vivo, and delineate the possible underlying mechanism. METHODS: LC-MS/MS was used to identify the natural derivatives of BBR in RC. The potential anti-inflammatory properties of BBR and its natural derivatives were comparatively evaluated in vitro by lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW264.7 macrophages cells, and in vivo via three typical acute inflammation murine models. Some important inflammation-related molecules were analyzed by ELISA, qRT-PCR and Western blotting. RESULTS: LC-MS/MS led to the identification of BBR, OBB and DHBB in RC ethyl acetate extract. The in vitro assay indicated that BBR, OBB and DHBB (1.25, 2.5 and 5 µM) pretreatment significantly decreased the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), interleukin-6 (IL-6), prostaglandinE2 (PGE2) and nitricoxide (NO), and inhibited the mRNA expressions of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and inducible nitricoxide synthase (iNOS) in a dose-dependent manner, with relative efficiency of OBB > BBR > DHBB. Furthermore, OBB, BBR and DHBB remarkably inhibited the phosphorylation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) p65 and inhibitory kappa Bα (IκBα). In vivo, BBR (20 mg/kg) and OBB (5, 10, and 20 mg/kg) pretreatment significantly ameliorated the xylene-induced ear edema, carrageenan-stimulated paw edema, and acetic acid-elicited vascular permeability in mice in a dose-dependent manner, with OBB exhibiting superior anti-inflammatory effect at the same dose (20 mg/kg). Histopathological analysis indicated that OBB and BBR could markedly attenuate the inflammatory deterioration and decrease the cellular infiltration in paw tissues. Additionally, the carrageenan-induced increases in TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1ß, PGE2 and NO productions, and COX-2 and iNOS mRNA expressions were effectually and concentration-dependently suppressed by OBB and BBR pretreatment. CONCLUSION: The anti-inflammatory activity of BBR and its natural derivatives was in the order of OBB > BBR > DHBB. OBB was for the first time found to be endowed with pronounced anti-inflammatory property, which was probably associated with suppressing the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway, and the subsequent gene expressions and productions of pro-inflammatory mediators. The results might contribute to illuminating the pharmacodynamic underpinnings of RC and provide evidence for developing OBB as a safe and promising natural lead compound in inflammation treatment.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Berberina/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Animais , Berberina/análogos & derivados , Carragenina/efeitos adversos , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Dinoprostona/metabolismo , Edema/induzido quimicamente , Edema/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Camundongos , Inibidor de NF-kappaB alfa/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Células RAW 264.7 , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator de Transcrição RelA/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
2.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2017: 1089028, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28811678

RESUMO

According to the GC-MS analysis, compositional variation was observed between samples of patchouli oil, of which an unknown compound identified as patchoulene epoxide (PAO) was found only in the long-stored oil, whose biological activity still remains unknown. Therefore, the present study aimed to evaluate the potential anti-inflammatory activity with three in vivo inflammatory models: xylene-induced ear edema, acetic acid-induced vascular permeability, and carrageenan-induced paw edema. Further investigation into its underlying mechanism on carrageenan-induced paw edema was conducted. Results demonstrated that PAO significantly inhibited the ear edema induced by xylene, lowered vascular permeability induced by acetic acid and decreased the paw edema induced by carrageenan. Moreover, PAO markedly decreased levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), interleukin-6 (IL-6), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), and nitric oxide (NO), but increased levels of interleukin-4 (IL-4) and interleukin-10 (IL-10). PAO was also shown to significantly downregulate the protein and mRNA expressions of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and inducible nitric-oxide synthase (iNOS). Western blot analysis revealed that PAO remarkably inhibited p50 and p65 translocation from the cytosol to the nucleus by suppressing IKKß and IκBα phosphorylation. In conclusion, PAO exhibited potent anti-inflammatory activity probably by suppressing the activation of iNOS, COX-2 and NF-κB signaling pathways.


Assuntos
Compostos de Epóxi/uso terapêutico , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Óleos Vegetais/química , Pogostemon/química , Animais , Carragenina/toxicidade , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Dinoprostona/metabolismo , Edema/induzido quimicamente , Edema/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos de Epóxi/química , Feminino , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Interleucina-4/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
3.
Oncol Lett ; 14(1): 210-216, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28693155

RESUMO

The focus of the present study was to evaluate transrectal real-time tissue elastography (RTE)-targeted two-core biopsy coupled with peak strain index for the detection of prostate cancer (PCa) and to compare this method with 10-core systematic biopsy. A total of 141 patients were enrolled for evaluation. The diagnostic value of peak strain index was assessed using a receiver operating characteristic curve. The cancer detection rates of the two approaches and corresponding positive cores and Gleason score were compared. The cancer detection rate per core in the RTE-targeted biopsy (44%) was higher compared with that in systematic biopsy (30%). The peak strain index value of PCa was higher compared with that of the benign lesion. PCa was detected with the highest sensitivity (87.5%) and specificity (85.5%) using the threshold value of a peak strain index of ≥5.97 with an area under the curve value of 0.95. When the Gleason score was ≥7, RTE-targeted biopsy coupled with peak strain index detected 95.6% of PCa cases, but 84.4% were detected using systematic biopsy. Peak strain index as a quantitative parameter may improve the differentiation of PCa from benign lesions in the prostate peripheral zone. Transrectal RTE-targeted biopsy coupled with peak strain index may enhance the detection of clinically significant PCa, particularly when combined with systematic biopsy.

4.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 811: 222-231, 2017 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28648405

RESUMO

Coptisine is one of the main constituents of Coptis chinensis which has been widely used for the remedy of inflammatory disorders. Although the biological activities of coptisine have been well known, the pharmacological properties of its free base have seldomly been elucidated thus far. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential anti-inflammatory properties of coptisine free base (CFB, 8-hydroxy-7,8-dihydrocoptisine) on three animal models, namely xylene-induced ear edema, acetic acid-induced vascular permeability and carrageenan-induced paw edema. The results exhibited that CFB exerted a dose-dependent suppression on ear edema induced by xylene, significantly mitigated the aggravation of vascular permeability caused by acetic acid and paw edema induced by carrageenan. Additionally, CFB significantly suppressed the productions of interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), interleukin-6 (IL-6), prostaglandinE2 (PGE2) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) in the drug-treated groups as compared with the vehicle group after treatment with carrageenan. Signaling events of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) translocation, such as p-IKKα, p-IKKß, p-IκBα and p65 (nucleus) were significantly inactivated, while inhibitor of nuclear factor κBα (IκBα) and p65 (cytosolic) were markedly up-regulated by CFB. Furthermore, CFB also significantly suppressed the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway by blocking the phosphorylation of p-p38 (phospho-p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases) and p-JNK (phospho-c-jun N-terminal kinase) but not p-ERK (phospho-extracellular signal-regulated kinase). Hence, CFB efficiently prevented inflammation, at least partially, via inhibition of NF-κB and MAPK pathways. These findings provided a pioneering pharmacological basis for the anti-inflammatory effect of CFB and suggested CFB might be a potential candidate for the therapy of inflammatory disorders.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Berberina/análogos & derivados , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Ácido Acético/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Berberina/farmacologia , Berberina/uso terapêutico , Permeabilidade Capilar/efeitos dos fármacos , Dinoprostona/metabolismo , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Edema/tratamento farmacológico , Edema/metabolismo , Edema/patologia , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 18(3)2017 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28245556

RESUMO

Bleomycin (BLM), a family of anti-tumor drugs, was reported to exhibit severe side effects limiting its usage in clinical treatment. Therefore, finding adjuvants that enhance the anti-tumor effect and reduce the detrimental effect of BLM is a prerequisite. Chrysanthemum indicum, an edible flower, possesses abundant bioactivities; the supercritical-carbon dioxide fluid extract from flowers and buds of C. indicum (CISCFE) have strong anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, and lung protective effects. However, the role of CISCFE combined with BLM treatment on tumor-bearing mice remains unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the potential synergistic effect and the underlying mechanism of CISCFE combined with BLM in the treatment of hepatoma 22 (H22) tumor-bearing mice. The results suggested that the oral administration of CISCFE combined with BLM could markedly prolong the life span, attenuate the BLM-induced pulmonary fibrosis, suppress the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines (interleukin-6), tumor necrosis factor-α, activities of myeloperoxidase, and malondiadehyde. Moreover, CISCFE combined with BLM promoted the ascites cell apoptosis, the activities of caspases 3 and 8, and up-regulated the protein expression of p53 and down-regulated the transforming growth factor-ß1 by activating the gene expression of miR-29b. Taken together, these results indicated that CISCFE could enhance the anti-cancer activity of BLM and reduce the BLM-induced pulmonary injury in H22 tumor-bearing mice, rendering it as a potential adjuvant drug with chemotherapy after further investigation in the future.


Assuntos
Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Bleomicina/farmacologia , Chrysanthemum/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Bleomicina/efeitos adversos , Dióxido de Carbono , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Caspase 8/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Citocinas/biossíntese , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Fibrose , Extração Líquido-Líquido/métodos , Pulmão/metabolismo , Pulmão/patologia , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Neoplasias/patologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Carga Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
6.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; 19(2): 172-175, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27243631

RESUMO

Pogostone, isolated from Pogostemon cablin, has many biological activities such as potential antibacterial, anticandida, and antifungal. Traditional extraction leads to low output of PO about 17.6 mg/kg from Herba Pogostemonis. The previous literature had reported a synthetic study and the yield had reached 4.48% with strictly controlled reaction conditions. The two methods above cannot meet the large demand of PO; we report a new synthesis method. 4-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-pyrone (1) was added in toluene, with the existence of acylation catalyst 4-dimethylaminopyridine (DMAP), 4-methylvaleric acid (2), and condensing agent dicyclohexylcarbodiimide (DCC), PO was synthesized after the combination of 3-carbon of (1) with 1-OH of (2) in the acylation reaction. The purity had reached 98%, determined by HPLC. The structure was confirmed by spectroscopic methods including infrared, electron ionization mass spectrometry, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. PO was totally synthesized in one step including cyclization, with total yield of 27.2%.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/síntese química , Óleos Voláteis/síntese química , Pogostemon/química , 4-Aminopiridina/análogos & derivados , 4-Aminopiridina/química , Antibacterianos/síntese química , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/síntese química , Antifúngicos/química , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Estrutura Molecular , Ressonância Magnética Nuclear Biomolecular , Óleos Voláteis/química , Pironas/química
7.
PLoS One ; 11(8): e0159458, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27541138

RESUMO

Moringa oleifera is a promising plant species for oil and forage, but its genetic improvement is limited. Our current breeding program in this species focuses on exploiting the functional genes associated with important agronomical traits. Here, we screened reliable reference genes for accurately quantifying the expression of target genes using the technique of real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) in M. oleifera. Eighteen candidate reference genes were selected from a transcriptome database, and their expression stabilities were examined in 90 samples collected from the pods in different developmental stages, various tissues, and the roots and leaves under different conditions (low or high temperature, sodium chloride (NaCl)- or polyethyleneglycol (PEG)- simulated water stress). Analyses with geNorm, NormFinder and BestKeeper algorithms revealed that the reliable reference genes differed across sample designs and that ribosomal protein L1 (RPL1) and acyl carrier protein 2 (ACP2) were the most suitable reference genes in all tested samples. The experiment results demonstrated the significance of using the properly validated reference genes and suggested the use of more than one reference gene to achieve reliable expression profiles. In addition, we applied three isotypes of the superoxide dismutase (SOD) gene that are associated with plant adaptation to abiotic stress to confirm the efficacy of the validated reference genes under NaCl and PEG water stresses. Our results provide a valuable reference for future studies on identifying important functional genes from their transcriptional expressions via RT-qPCR technique in M. oleifera.


Assuntos
Adaptação Fisiológica/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Moringa oleifera/genética , Folhas de Planta/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Raízes de Plantas/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos , Estresse Fisiológico/genética , Moringa oleifera/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Folhas de Planta/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Raízes de Plantas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Padrões de Referência , Transcriptoma
8.
Nutrients ; 7(10): 8657-69, 2015 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26506375

RESUMO

Millettiae speciosae Champ. Leguminosae (MSC), is a well-known Chinese herb traditionally used as food material and medicine for enhancing physical strength. Our preliminary study found that the aqueous extract of this herb (MSE) had an anti-fatigue effect. In this paper, we further separated MSE into total polysaccharides (MSP) and supernatant (MSS) by alcohol precipitation, and explored which fraction was active for its anti-fatigue effect. Mice were orally administered with MSP or MSS at the doses of 200, 400, and 800 mg/kg for 20 days and the anti-fatigue effect was assessed by exhaustive swimming exercise (ESE). The biochemical parameters related to fatigue after ESE and the in vitro antioxidant activity of active fraction were determined. Our results showed that MSP, instead of MSS, significantly extended the swimming time to exhaustion (p < 0.05), indicating that MSP is responsible for the anti-fatigue effect of MSE. In addition, MSP treatment increased the levels of glucose (Glu) and muscle glycogen, whereas it decreased the accumulations of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and lactic acid (Lac). Moreover, ESE increased the levels of creatine phosphokinase (CK), lactic dehydrogenase (LDH), and malondialdehyde (MDA) but reduced superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione (GSH) in plasma. In contrast, MSP inhibited all the above changes relating to fatigue. Furthermore, an in vitro antioxidant test revealed that MSP dose-dependently scavenged ·OH and DPPH free radicals. Taken together, these findings strongly suggested that MSP was able to alleviate physical fatigue by increasing energy resources and decreasing accumulation of detrimental metabolites. The antioxidant activity may crucially contribute to the observed anti-fatigue effect of MSP.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Fabaceae/química , Fadiga/tratamento farmacológico , Resistência Física/efeitos dos fármacos , Fitoterapia , Polissacarídeos/uso terapêutico , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Fadiga/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Polissacarídeos/isolamento & purificação , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Natação
9.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 31(2): 97-101, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26248409

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects and mechanisms of diethylhexylphthalate (DEHP) on morphology and function of progenitor Leydig cells (PLC) in rats. METHODS: Twenty pregnant SD rats were randomly divided into 4 groups ( n = 5): normal control group, DEHP low dose group , middle dose group, and high dose group, which were treated from postnatal day (PND) 1 to PND 21 of the pubs with DEHP at the doses of 0, 10, 100, 750 mg/(kg · d) in 0.5 ml of corn oil by gavage respectively. At the end of the treatment, the male pups were killed and blood samples were collected for determination of serum testosterone concentration by chemiluminescence method. The body weight, testis weight and anogenital distance (AGD) were measured. The morphology of PLC was observed by light and transmission electron microscopy. The protein expression of steroidogenic acute regulatory protein(StAR) in PLC was determined by immunohistochemistry. The mRNA expression of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) in the testis was assayed by real-time PCR. RESULTS: Compared with normal control group, the serum testosterone and AGD of male pubs from the middle and high dose groups were declined significantly (P < 0.01), the testis weight and body weight from high dose group were decreased significantly (P < 0.01), while the testis weight increased in the low dose group (P < 0.05). Under light microscope, PLC showed hyperplasia and cluster aggregation in the low dose group and focal hyperplasia in the middle and high dose group. The spermatogenic cells in seminiferous tubules showed decrease, apoptosis and unfix in the high dose group. Under transmission electron microscope, the PLC showed decreased lipid droplets, smooth endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondriae in the treated group. The mRNA expression of IGF-I increased in the low dose group, and the protein expression of StAR decreased in the middle and high dose group. CONCLUSION: Lactating exposure to DEHP may interfere with the synthesis of testosterone of PLC in male pubs, the decrease of StAR and the damage of PLC may be involved in it.


Assuntos
Dietilexilftalato/efeitos adversos , Células Intersticiais do Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Peso Corporal , Feminino , Células Germinativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/metabolismo , Lactação , Células Intersticiais do Testículo/citologia , Masculino , Tamanho do Órgão , Fosfoproteínas/metabolismo , Gravidez , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Células-Tronco/citologia , Testículo , Testosterona/sangue
10.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 30(5): 417-20, 2014 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25571632

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of Kangai injection on the enzyme activities of macrophages and morphology of spleen and thymus from rats. METHODS: Twenty four male SD rats were randomly divided into two groups (n = 12), normal control group and experimental group. The rats in experimental group were injected with Kangai injection at the dosage of 5 ml/kg x d for 30 days peritoneally and those in control group were injected with nomal saline at the same volume. The content of supermicro protein was assayed by BCA method, the activities of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), glutathione peroxidase(GSH-Px), and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) from alveolar macrophages(AM) and peritoneal macrophages (PM) were detected biochemically. The activities of acid phosphatase (ACP), superoxide dismutase(SOD) and succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) from AM and PM were detected by ELISA. The morphology of spleen and thymus were observed by light microscopy. RESULTS: The activities of LDH, GSH-Px and iNOS within AM and PM from experimental group were increased significantly compared with those of control group (P < 0.05). The activities of ACP, SOD and SDH in AM and PM from experimental group were also higher than those from control group (P < 0.05). Microscopically, there was thickening of peripheral arterial lymphatic sheath, enlargement of splenic lymphoid nodules with expended germinal center in the spleen of experimental group. There was no significant difference in the mophology of thymus between the two groups. CONCLUSION: Kangai injection may improve immune function by activating macrophages.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/enzimologia , Animais , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Masculino , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Succinato Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24818409

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the morphological characters of the central nervous system in mature larvae, mature pupae and newly emerged adults of Simulium (Wilhelmia) xingyiense. METHODS: From August to November 2009, the blackfly larvae were collected from the rivulets nearby Niujiao Island in Huaxi of Guiyang City. The mature larvae of S. (Wi.) xingyiense were confirmed based on the diagnostic characteristics of gill spots, postgenal cleft, and rectal gill. The mature pupae were obtained from the rivulets of Da'ao Town and Qingyan Town in Guiyang in March 2011, which were selected according to the characteristics of cocoon and respiratory filaments. Nervous system of the larvae, pupae and newly emerged adults was observed under the light microscope with HE-stained paraffin sections. RESULTS: The central nervous system was composed of brain, subesophageal ganglion and ventral nerve cord. The brain of the larva was divided into two narrowly interconnected egg-shaped lobes. Ventral nerve-cord of the larva consisted of three pairs of thoracic ganglia and eight pairs of abdominal ganglia. The brain of the pupa and adult was composed of protocerebuim, deutocerebrum, and tritocerebrum. The ventral nerve cord of the pupa and adult was similar to that of larva. From outside to inside, the structure characters of the brain and ganglia were similar with nerve sheath, neurocyte and neuropile. The neuropile of protocerebrum contained a pair of mushroom bodies, a central complex and a pair of accessory lobes. The optic lobe was composed of medulla interna, medulla externa and lamina ganglionaris. The deutocerebrum consisted of the antennal lobe and the dorsal lobe. The tritocerebrum connected to the subesophageal ganglion by perioperative esophageal nerve. CONCLUSION: The central nervous system of S. (Wi.) xingyiense is similar to other simuliid blackilies. There is a difference in the number of abdominal ganglion of the mature larva.


Assuntos
Sistema Nervoso Central/anatomia & histologia , Simuliidae/anatomia & histologia , Animais
12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23484273

RESUMO

The salivary gland polytene chromosomes of Simulium qianense was observed with wild larvae collected from Guiyang, Guizhou Province. Using an upgraded method of preparation, the polytene chromosomes of the larval salivary glands of S. qianense were observed and analysed. The results showed three pairs of chromosomes (2n = 6) arranged from the longest to the shortest. Chromosome I was metacentric while chromosomes II and III were submetacentric. The centromeric regions distinctly expanded and were easily recognized. The nucleolar organizer situated near the centromeric band of the short arm of chromosome II. The Balbiani ring and double bubble all located near the tip of the short arm of chromosome II. There were inversions in some individuals, with an inversion frequency of 33% (32/97). The study revealed constant localization and morphology of the principal landmarks (namey, centromere, nucleolar organizer, Balbiani ring, double bulge, band and puff) which can be considered as distinguishable features of S. qianense.


Assuntos
Cromossomos Politênicos/genética , Simuliidae/genética , Animais , Citogenética , Larva/genética , Glândulas Salivares
13.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21826893

RESUMO

The histology of alimentary canal of Simulium (Wilhelmia) xingyiense mature larva (with gill spots) was investigated by using paraffin serial section. The alimentary canal is composed of foregut, midgut and hindgut. The foregut includes pharynx, esophagus and proventriculus. The up-inside of buccal cavity invaginates to form the labral gland with irregular shape. Ossified cibarium exist in anterior pharynx. Canular proventriculus forms by the invagination of esophagus. The midgut begins with four big gastric caeca, and divides into three regions according to the epithelium cell shape. The hindgut consists of pylorus, ileum and rectal. The structure of the ileum is different from rectal. Four malpighian tubules diverge from the boundary between midgut and hindgut. The structure of silk duct is special


Assuntos
Sistema Digestório/anatomia & histologia , Larva/anatomia & histologia , Simuliidae/anatomia & histologia , Animais
14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21500540

RESUMO

The genomic DNA was extracted from Simulium quinquestriatum (Sq) and its CO I gene was amplified by PCR. The PCR product was purified and cloned into plasmid pMD18-T vector. The recombinant plasmid was transformed into Escherichia coli DH5alpha and then identified by digestion with restriction enzyme and PCR amplification. The amplified fractions (1 621 bp) included complete CO I gene (1 542 bp, GenBank accession number: DQ534949), 5' tRNA-Tyr and 3' tRNA-Leu partial fraction. The CO I gene sequence had a high identity (99%) with that of S. quinquestriatum (GenBank accession number: AY251520). Bioinformatics analysis showed that the Sq-CO I open reading frame encoded a 513-amino acid protein with M(r) 5565, pI5.84. Structural prediction showed this protein possessed a conservative domain of CO I gene.


Assuntos
Biologia Computacional , Complexo IV da Cadeia de Transporte de Elétrons/genética , Simuliidae/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Clonagem Molecular , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Simuliidae/classificação , Simuliidae/enzimologia
15.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 24(6): 491-3, 2003 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12848917

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the sequences of cytochrome C oxidase subunit I gene (COI) in Aedes albopictus from different geographic strains in China and to discuss the differences in susceptibility among different geographic strains to dengue virus (DV). METHODS: COI was amplified with polymerase chain reaction method and sequenced from its genomic DNA. Molecular phylogenetic trees were constructed with Neighbor-Joining method. RESULTS: Sequence length of COI fragment in each geographic strains was 415 bp. The rates of shift and reverse of base pairs in Simao strain were 1.93% and 0.24% respectively. The rate of shift in Mawei and Nanning strains was 0.48%. The analyses of phylogenetic of COI sequences showed that there was close relationship between Simao strain in Yunnan and Mawei strain in Guizhou and between Mawei strain and Nanning strain in Guangxi. CONCLUSIONS: The susceptibility was widely related to many factors including genetic and environmental ones. COI in Aedes albopictus from different geographic strains in China belonged to the same gene type. There were no direct correlations between COI gene type in different geographic strains and susceptibility to DV.


Assuntos
Aedes/genética , Aedes/virologia , Dengue/transmissão , Complexo IV da Cadeia de Transporte de Elétrons/genética , Animais , Genótipo , Insetos Vetores , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
17.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12567999

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the changes in the content of elements in Aedes albopictus after dengue virus type II (DV2) infection. METHODS: DV2 were injected into the thorax of Ae. albopictus. The content of elements in Ae. albopictus was determined on days 5, 10 and 20 after infection respectively and compared with those in the same instar non-infected mosquitoes. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: For the group of day 5 after DV2 infection, the content of elements Ca, S and Cr increased remarkably compared to those in the control group; while the content of elements Zn, Mo, Pb, Ce and Cl reduced remarkably. For the group of day 10 after infection, the content of Na, Mg, Zn, Se, Ce and S increased remarkably compared to those in the control; only that of Fe was lower remarkably than the control. For the group of day 20 after infection, the content of elements Ti and Pb increased remarkably than that of the control; while the content of Na, Zn, Cr and Ce reduced remarkably.


Assuntos
Aedes/metabolismo , Vírus da Dengue , Insetos Vetores/metabolismo , Oligoelementos/metabolismo , Aedes/virologia , Animais , Insetos Vetores/virologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA