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Membranes (Basel) ; 11(10)2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34677524


By a sol-gel method, a BiFeO3 (BFO) capacitor is fabricated and connected with the control thin film transistor (TFT). Compared with a control thin-film transistor, the proposed BFO TFT achieves 56% drive current enhancement and 7-28% subthreshold swing (SS) reduction. Moreover, the effect of the proposed BiFeO3 capacitor on IDS-VGS hysteresis in the BFO TFT is 0.1-0.2 V. Because dVint/dVGS > 1 is obtained at a wide range of VGS, it reveals that the incomplete dipole flipping is a major mechanism to obtain improved SS and a small hysteresis effect in the BFO TFT. Experimental results indicate that sol-gel BFO TFT is a potential candidate for digital application.

Materials (Basel) ; 15(1)2021 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35009321


Doping plays a vital role in the application of transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) because it can increase the functionality of TMDCs by tuning their native characteristics. In this study, the influence of Mn, Fe, Co, and Cu doping on the photoelectric properties of HfS2 was investigated. Pristine, Mn-, Fe-, Co-, and Cu-doped HfS2 crystals were grown using the chemical vapor transport method. Scanning electron microscopy images showed that the crystals were layered and transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and Raman spectroscopy measurements confirmed that the crystals were in the 1T-phase with a CdI2-like structure. The bandgap of pristine HfS2 obtained from the absorption and photoconductivity spectra was approximately 1.99 eV. As the dopant changed from Mn, Fe, and Co, to Cu, the bandgap gradually increased. The activation energies of the samples were determined using temperature-dependent current-voltage curves. After doping, the activation energy decreased, and the Co-doped HfS2 exhibited the smallest activation energy. Time-resolved photoresponse measurements showed that doping improved the response of HfS2 to light; the Co-doped HfS2 exhibited the best response. The photoresponsivity of HfS2 as a function of the laser power and bias voltage was measured. After doping, the photoresponsivity increased markedly; the Co-doped HfS2 exhibited the highest photoresponsivity. All the experimental results indicated that doping with Mn, Fe, Co, and Cu significantly improved the photoresponsive performance of HfS2, of which Co-doped HfS2 had the best performance.

Materials (Basel) ; 10(11)2017 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29156636


Bi0.8Pr0.2Fe0.95Mn0.05O3/Bi3.96Gd0.04Ti2.95W0.05O12 (BPFMO/BGTWO) bilayer thin films with Multiferroic/Ferroelectric (MF/FE) structures were deposited onto Pt(111)/Ti/SiO2/Si(100) substrates by using the sol-gel method with rapid thermal annealing. The BPFMO/BGTWO thin films exhibited well-saturated ferromagnetic and ferroelectric hysteresis loops because of the electro-magnetic coupling induced by the MF/FE structure. The remnant magnetization (2Mr) and remnant polarization (2Pr) were 4.6 emu/cm³ and 62 µC/cm², respectively. Moreover, the bipolar I-V switching curves of BPFMO/BGTWO bilayer thin films resistive random access memory (RRAM) devices were discussed, and investigated for LRS/HRS.

Nanoscale Res Lett ; 7(1): 372, 2012 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22768847


One-dimensional pure zinc oxide (ZnO) and Y-doped ZnO nanorod arrays have been successfully fabricated on the silicon substrate for comparison by a simple hydrothermal process at the low temperature of 90°C. The Y-doped nanorods exhibit the same c-axis-oriented wurtzite hexagonal structure as pure ZnO nanorods. Based on the results of photoluminescence, an enhancement of defect-induced green-yellow visible emission is observed for the Y-doped ZnO nanorods. The decrease of E2(H) mode intensity and increase of E1(LO) mode intensity examined by the Raman spectrum also indicate the increase of defects for the Y-doped ZnO nanorods. As compared to pure ZnO nanorods, Y-doped ZnO nanorods show a remarked increase of saturation magnetization. The combination of visible photoluminescence and ferromagnetism measurement results indicates the increase of oxygen defects due to the Y doping which plays a crucial role in the optical and magnetic performances of the ZnO nanorods.

Nanoscale Res Lett ; 7(1): 260, 2012 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22607485


Aligned ZnO nanowires with different lengths (1 to approximately 4 µm) have been deposited on indium titanium oxide-coated glass substrates by using the solution phase deposition method for application as a work electrode in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC). From the results, the increases in length of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanowires can increase adsorption of the N3 dye through ZnO nanowires to improve the short-circuit photocurrent (Jsc) and open-circuit voltage (Voc), respectively. However, the Jsc and Voc values of DSSC with ZnO nanowires length of 4.0 µm (4.8 mA/cm2 and 0.58 V) are smaller than those of DSSC with ZnO nanowires length of 3.0 µm (5.6 mA/cm2 and 0.62 V). It could be due to the increased length of ZnO nanowires also resulted in a decrease in the transmittance of ZnO nanowires thus reducing the incident light intensity on the N3 dye. Optimum power conversion efficiency (η) of 1.49% was obtained in a DSSC with the ZnO nanowires length of 3 µm.

Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12952086


The novel pyroelectric IR detectors have been fabricated using the Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF)/Lead Titanate (PT) pyroelectric bilayer thin films, which were deposited onto Pt(111)/SiO2/Si(100) substrates by a sol-gel process. The ceramic/polymer structure was constructed of the randomly oriented polycrystalline PT film (approximately 1 microm) heated at 700 degrees C for 1 h and the beta-phase PVDF film crystallized at 65 degrees C for 2 h. The effects of PVDF thin film thickness (100 approximately 580 nm) on the pyroelectric response of IR detectors were studied. The results show that the depositions of PVDF thin films onto the PT films will cause the leakage current (J) of the detectors decrease from 6.37 x 10(-7) A/cm2 to 3.86 x 10(-7) A/cm2. The specific detectivity (D*) measured at 100 Hz decreased from 2.72 x 10(7) cm x Hz(1/2)/W for detector without PVDF to 1.71 x 10(7) cm x Hz(1/2)/W for detector with PVDF thickness of 580 nm. By optimizing the ratio of the specific detectivity (D*) to leakage current, D*/J, the detector with PVDF thickness of 295 nm exhibits the best performance.