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1.
J Sep Sci ; 2022 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35526268

RESUMO

A method for the determination of organic chlorides in hydrogen for fuel cell vehicles by gas chromatography coupled with ion mobility spectrometry was established. Organic chlorides were separated by a non-polar gas chromatography column and detected in the negative ion mode of the ion mobility spectrometer. The effect of operating parameters of ion mobility spectrometer including drift gas flow rate and drift tube temperature on sensitivity and resolution were evaluated. Under the optimized conditions, the detection limits of seven organic chlorides were from 0.65 nmol/mol to 6.73 nmol/mol, which met the requirement of detection for the specification limit of 50 nmol/mol of total halogen impurities in hydrogen for fuel cell vehicles. Compared with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, and gas chromatography coupled with electron capture detector under the same gas chromatography conditions, gas chromatography coupled with ion mobility spectrometry method demonstrated higher sensitivity for detection of organic chlorides under study. Based on the portability of the device and its detection capabilities, gas chromatography coupled with ion mobility spectrometry has the potential to perform online detection of impurities in hydrogen for fuel cell vehicles.

2.
Neurosurg Rev ; 2022 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35508819

RESUMO

Although every glioma patient varies in tumor size, location, histological grade and molecular biomarkers, non-tumoral morphological abnormalities are commonly detected by a statistical comparison among patient groups, missing the information of individual morphological alterations. In this study, we introduced an individual-level structural abnormality detection method for glioma patients and proposed several abnormality indexes to depict individual atrophy patterns. Forty-five patients with a glioma in the frontal lobe and fifty-one age-matched healthy controls participated in the study. Individual structural abnormality maps (SAM) were generated using patients' preoperative T1 images, by calculating the degree of deviation of voxel volume in each patient with the normative model built from healthy controls. Based on SAM, a series of individual abnormality indexes were computed, and their relationship with glioma characteristics was explored. The results demonstrated that glioma patients showed unique non-tumoral atrophy patterns with overlapping atrophy regions mainly located at hippocampus, parahippocampus, amygdala, insula, middle temporal gyrus and inferior temporal gyrus, which are closely related to the human cognitive functions. The abnormality indexes were associated with several molecular biomarkers including isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) mutation, 1p/19q co-deletion and telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) promoter mutation. Our study provides an effective way to access the individual-level non-tumoral structural abnormalities in glioma patients, which has the potential to significantly improve individualized precision medicine.

3.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 211: 85-93, 2022 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35561857

RESUMO

The polylactic acid composite films were successfully fabricated via the technique of solvent casting using cellulose acetate (20%, wt) as the reinforcing material and phenyl salicylate as the ultraviolet (UV) absorbent and antibacterial agent. Polylactic acid-cellulose acetate-phenyl salicylate composite films displayed complete absorption effect at the region of UV-C (280-100 nm) and UV-B (315-280 nm), and more than 95% UV absorption effect at the region of UV-A (400-315 nm). These results indicate that the UV shielding performance of the composite films could be significantly improve by addition of phenyl salicylate. Moreover, the addition of 20% phenyl salicylate could improve the steam resistance, mechanical properties and thermal stability of the films, and the composite films had also better antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli. The composite films could reduce the decay rate of fresh lilies and extend their storage time. The degradation characteristics of the films were explored in the natural environment and the laboratory level, which provided application prospect for the development of degradable food packaging materials with anti-ultraviolet and anti-bacteria effect.

4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(9)2022 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35563395

RESUMO

Recently developed Prime Editor 3 (PE3) has been implemented to induce genome editing in various cell types but has not been proven in human hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells. Using PE3, we successfully installed the beta-thalassemia (beta-thal) mutations in the HBB gene in the erythroid progenitor cell line HUDEP-2. We inserted the mCherry reporter gene cassette into editing plasmids, each including the prime editing guide RNA (pegRNA) and nick sgRNA. The plasmids were electroporated into HUDEP-2 cells, and the PE3 modified cells were identified by mCherry expression and collected using fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS). Sanger sequencing of the positive cells confirmed that PE3 induced precise beta-thal mutations with editing ratios from 4.55 to 100%. Furthermore, an off-target analysis showed no unintentional edits occurred in the cells. The editing ratios and parameters of pegRNA and nick sgRNA were also analyzed and summarized and will contribute to enhanced PE3 design in future studies. The characterization of the HUDEP-2 beta-thal cells showed typical thalassemia phenotypes, involving ineffective erythropoiesis, abnormal erythroid differentiation, high apoptosis rate, defective alpha-globin colocalization, cell viability deterioration, and ROS resisting deficiency. These HUDEP-2 beta-thal cells could provide ideal models for future beta-thal gene therapy studies.

5.
Exp Cell Res ; 416(1): 113158, 2022 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35430273

RESUMO

Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is one of the most common malignant diseases in the world. Although the somatic alterations have been fully identified, there are still no targeted drugs at present. Our previous studies revealed that loss of grand H3K27me3 domains mediated transcriptional activation of a series of genes in ESCC. Among them, we focus on the investigation of MAFB, as its high expression is associated with a poor prognosis in ESCC. Functional assays show that knockdown of MAFB significantly suppresses cell growth, migration and invasion. Mechanistic investigation demonstrates that MAFB exerts its function by upregulating IGFBP6. Our findings suggest that MAFB may play a tumor-promoting role and may act as a potential therapeutic target for ESCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Esofágicas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/patologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Fator de Transcrição MafB/genética , Fator de Transcrição MafB/metabolismo , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Fenótipo
6.
Virus Res ; 315: 198767, 2022 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35421434

RESUMO

Swine could serve as a natural reservoir for a large variety of viruses, including potential zoonotic enteric viruses. The presence of viruses with high genetic similarity between porcine and human strains may result in the emergence of zoonotic or xenozoonotic infections. Furthermore, the globalization and intensification of swine industries exacerbate the transmission and evolution of zoonotic viruses among swine herds and individuals working in swine-related occupations. To effectively prevent the public health risks posed by zoonotic swine enteric viruses, designing, and implementing a comprehensive measure for early diagnosis, prevention, and mitigation, requires interdisciplinary a collaborative ''One Health" approach from veterinarians, environmental and public health professionals, and the swine industry. In this paper, we reviewed the current knowledge of selected potential zoonotic swine enteric viruses and explored swine intensive production and its associated public health risks.

7.
Pathogens ; 11(4)2022 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35456092

RESUMO

Despite significant economic and public health implications, swine enteric viruses that do not manifest clinical symptoms are often overlooked, and data on their epidemiology and pathogenesis are still scarce. Here, an epidemiological study was carried out by using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and sequence analysis in order to better understand the distribution and genetic diversity of porcine astrovirus (PAstV), porcine encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV), porcine kobuvirus (PKV), and porcine sapovirus (PSaV) in healthy pigs reared under specific pathogen-free (SPF) or conventional farms. PKV was the most prevalent virus (51.1%, 247/483), followed by PAstV (35.4%, 171/483), then PSaV (18.4%, 89/483), and EMCV (8.7%, 42/483). Overall, at least one viral agent was detected in 300 out of 483 samples. Out of the 300 samples, 54.0% (162/300), 13.0% (39/300), or 1.0% (3/300) were found coinfected by two, three, or four viruses, respectively. To our knowledge, this is the first report of EMCV detection from porcine fecal samples in China. Phylogenetic analysis revealed genetically diverse strains of PAstV, PKV, and PSaV circulating in conventional and SPF farms. Detection of swine enteric viruses with a high coinfection rate in healthy pigs highlights the importance of continuous viral surveillance to minimize future economic and public health risks.

8.
Nat Sci Sleep ; 14: 609-620, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35431589

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate whether pregnant women's subjective sleep quality during the first trimester independently predicted blood glucose and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Methods: A total of 4550 pregnant women in the first trimester were enrolled in Chongqing Health Center for Women and Children, China, from January to October 2020.The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was used to measure subjective sleep quality. Depression symptoms and anxiety were measured with the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and General Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7). Oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTT) and blood glucose area under the curve (AUC) were used for estimation of blood glucose and diagnosis of GDM during the second trimester. Linear, mixed model, and logistic regression were used to analyze the association between PSQI and blood glucose as well as GDM. Results: 946/4550 were diagnosed with GDM (20.8%). In the mixed model analysis, the blood glucose level of the highest-scoring group (PSQI score = 18) was 1.94 (95% CI: 0.45~3.43, P = 0.011) mmol/L higher than that of the lowest-scoring group (PSQI score = 0). After adjusting for potential confounders, a one-point PSQI score increase was associated with a 0.014 (95% CI: 0.001~0.027, P = 0.039) mmol/L increase in blood glucose level. Blood glucose AUC was also positively associated with PSQI scores (ß = 0.034, 95% CI: 0.003~0.064, P = 0.030). The results for the logistic regression model showed that PSQI was marginal positively correlated with GDM (OR = 1.146, 95% CI: 0.995~1.321, P = 0.059) when age and BMI were not controlled for. When investigating the association between PSQI and the GDM-diagnosed time window, the 1-h diagnosed GDM had a borderline positive correlation with PSQI (OR = 1.182, 95% CI: 0.993~1.405, P = 0.060). Conclusion: Sleep quality during the first trimester may be a risk factor for elevated blood glucose and GDM later in gestation.

9.
Vet Sci ; 9(4)2022 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35448674

RESUMO

Swine viruses like porcine sapovirus (SaV), porcine encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV), porcine rotavirus A (RVA) and porcine astroviruses (AstV) are potentially zoonotic viruses or suspected of potential zoonosis. These viruses have been detected in pigs with or without clinical signs and often occur as coinfections. Despite the potential public health risks, no assay for detecting them all at once has been developed. Hence, in this study, a multiplex RT-PCR (mRT-PCR) assay was developed for the simultaneous detection of SaV, EMCV, RVA and AstV from swine fecal samples. The PCR parameters were optimized using specific primers for each target virus. The assay's sensitivity, specificity, reproducibility, and application to field samples have been evaluated. Using a pool of plasmids containing the respective viral target fragments as a template, the developed mRT-PCR successfully detected 2.5 × 103 copies of each target virus. The assay's specificity was tested using six other swine viruses as a template and did not show any cross-reactivity. A total of 280 field samples were tested with the developed mRT-PCR assay. Positive rates for SaV, EMCV, RVA, and AstV were found to be 24.6% (69/280), 5% (14/280), 4.3% (12/280), and 17.5% (49/280), respectively. Compared to performing separate assays for each virus, this mRT-PCR assay is a simple, rapid, and cost-effective method for detecting mixed or single infections of SaV, EMCV, RVA, and AstV.

10.
PLoS One ; 17(3): e0262166, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35312694

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the change of myopic prevalence in students with different demographic characteristics before and after the COVID-19 pandemic in Suqian, China. METHODS: A retrospective, cross-sectional study was conducted. Student data from 52 schools in 2019 and 2020 were collected from the electronic medical records database through cluster sampling. Ophthalmic examinations were conducted on students from September to December in 2019 and 2020. Measurements of uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) and noncycloplegic autorefraction were included to obtain the spherical equivalent refraction (SER) and prevalence of myopia. The difference in the rate of myopia and SER of students ages 6 to 18 with various demographic characteristics was compared between the two years. RESULTS: Records from 118,479 students in 2019 and the 121,881 students in 2020 were obtained. In 2019 and 2020, the prevalence of overall myopia increased from 43.1% to 48.9% (5.8 percentage point), and a substantial shift in myopic rate occurred in grades 4 to 6 (6.9 percentage point). The change in the prevalence of myopia in girls (5.9 percentage point) was approximately equal to that in boys (5.8 percentage point) and it was more common in rural students (5.9 percentage point) than in urban students (5.1 percentage point). The prevalence of low myopia increased more in children, and the prevalence of moderate myopia increased more in adolescents. The mean spherical equivalent refraction (SER) (-1.34±2.03 D) was lower in 2020 than in 2019 (-1.16±1.92 D), while SER decreased mainly at ages 7 to 15. The SER presented myopic status at the age of 9 (-0.55±1.26 D in 2019, -0.71±1.42 D in 2020), and attained moderate myopia at the age of 15 (-3.06±2.41 D in 2019, -3.22±2.40 D in 2020). CONCLUSIONS: After the COVID-19 pandemic, myopia increased in this population with variable rates of increase in different demographic groups. The change of myopia in children was comparatively greater than that in adolescents. Therefore, we should take measures to prevent and control the development of myopia after the COVID-19 pandemic, especially for younger students.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Miopia/epidemiologia , Erros de Refração/epidemiologia , Saúde da População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acuidade Visual
11.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 7(3): 531-532, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35356791

RESUMO

Carex myosuroides Villars, 1779 is a typical alpine sedge with both ecological and agricultural value. The work reported here is the first complete chloroplast genome of this species. The chloroplast genome, with a total size of 185,609 bp, consists of two inverted repeats (IRs, 38,374 bp) separated by a large single-copy (LSC, 99,911 bp) region, and a small single-copy (SSC, 8950 bp) region. The overall genome GC content is 34.12%. The genome contains 125 genes, consisting of 82 protein-coding genes, 35 tRNA genes, and eight rRNA genes. Phylogenetic analysis supports the taxonomic treatment of incorporating genus Kobresia to a broader circumscription of Carex. Our work could be helpful to future research on Cyperaceae.

12.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(5)2022 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35269949

RESUMO

ß-thalassemia is a hematologic disease that may be associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Increased expression of HBG1/2 can ameliorate the severity of ß-thalassemia. Compared to the unaffected population, some ß-thalassemia patients display elevated HBG1/2 expression levels in their red blood cells. However, the magnitude of up-regulation does not reach the threshold of self-healing, and thus, the molecular mechanism underlying HBG1/2 expression in the context of HBB-deficiency requires further elucidation. Here, we performed a multi-omics study examining chromatin accessibility, transcriptome, proteome, and phosphorylation patterns in the HBB homozygous knockout of the HUDEP2 cell line (HBB-KO). We found that up-regulation of HBG1/2 in HBB-KO cells was not induced by the H3K4me3-mediated genetic compensation response. Deletion of HBB in human erythroid progenitor cells resulted in increased ROS levels and production of oxidative stress, which led to an increased rate of apoptosis. Furthermore, in response to oxidative stress, slower cell cycle progression and proliferation were observed. In addition, stress erythropoiesis was initiated leading to increased intracellular HBG1/2 expression. This molecular model was also validated in the single-cell transcriptome of hematopoietic stem cells from ß-hemoglobinopathy patients. These findings further the understanding of HBG1/2 gene regulatory networks and provide novel clinical insights into ß-thalassemia phenotypic diversity.


Assuntos
Talassemia beta , Contagem de Eritrócitos , Eritrócitos/metabolismo , Células Precursoras Eritroides/metabolismo , Eritropoese/genética , Humanos
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35276736

RESUMO

AIMS: This study analyzed major trends and topics in the field of gestational diabetes mellitus research between 2000 and 2020. METHODS: Studies that investigated gestational diabetes mellitus published between 2000 and 2020 were retrieved from the Web of Science Core Collection database. Data from the identified studies were analyzed using CiteSpace software. RESULTS: A total of 22,713 publications were retrieved, among which 21,722 publications were included in this scientometric analysis. Clustering analysis revealed 13 themes across all fields. Physical activity is an emerging trend. Co-word analysis showed that subject high-frequency keywords were: risk factor, obesity, insulin resistance, prevalence, and association. Centrality indices identified the most influential keywords to be: body mass index, risk factors, gestational weight gain, and obesity. Burst keywords revealed that there were six research frontier subtopics: i) prediction of adverse neonatal outcomes in gestational diabetes mellitus; ii) postpartum period research - blood glucose levels and insulin resistance; iii) meta-analysis - understanding the best evidence in pregnancy gestational diabetes mellitus; iv) gene expression profiles and DNA methylation in gestational diabetes mellitus; v) biomarkers for predicting higher birth and children weights; and vi) discussion on diagnostic criteria for gestational diabetes mellitus classification. CONCLUSION: The number of studies on gestational diabetes mellitus is increasing. For two decades, the United States has been the global leader in the number of published studies. Studies on gestational diabetes mellitus are mainly from developed countries, with a few of them being from developing countries. An emerging field of research aims at elucidating the association between physical activity and gestational diabetes mellitus.

14.
J Nutr ; 2022 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35259272

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The protective effects of maternal folate on neural tube defects are well-established. Emerging evidence has shown paternal folate also is related to pregnancy outcome and offspring health. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the status of red blood cell (RBC) folate and serum folate, vitamin B-12, and homocysteine (Hcy) and their associated factors in a cohort of pregnancy-preparing couples. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study involving 14178 participants from the extension of the Shanghai preconception cohort (SPCC) conducted in 2018-2021. Circulating biomarker levels were measured, and the prevalence of abnormal status was reported. Linear and logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine associations of demographic factors (age, education, and income), lifestyle factors (smoking, drinking, and FAS use), and BMI with levels of the folate-related biomarkers and abnormal status of folate (deficiency and insufficiency) and vitamin B-12 (deficiency and marginal deficiency) and hyperhomocysteinemia. RESULTS: The geometric mean(95% CI)concentrations of RBC folate, serum folate, vitamin B-12, and Hcy were 490 (485-496) nmol/L, 20.1 (19.8-20.3) nmol/L, 353 (350-357) pmol/L, and 7.54 (7.48-7.60) µmol/L in females, and 405 (401-409) nmol/L, 13.5 (13.4-13.7) nmol/L, 277 (274-279) pmol/L, and 12.0 (11.9-12.2) µmol/L in males. Prevalence of abnormal status was higher in males than females in the four folate-related biomarkers: RBC folate deficiency (<340 nmol/L, 32.2% vs. 18.9%), serum folate deficiency (<10 nmol/L, 26.5% vs.7.3%), RBC folate insufficiency (<906 nmol/L, 96.6% vs. 90.1%), serum folate insufficiency (<15.9 nmol/L, 65.5% vs. 31.4%), vitamin B-12 marginal deficiency (221-448 pmol/L, 21.4% vs. 8.8%), and hyperhomocysteinemia (>15mol/L, 22.1% vs. 2.5%). CONCLUSIONS: Most pregnancy-preparing couples failed to achieve optimal RBC folate status (>906 nmol/L) recommended by the WHO. These findings call for attention to the insufficiency status of folate and promising strategies to improve the folate status of the pregnancy-preparing population not exposed to folic acid fortification.

15.
Gene ; 820: 146289, 2022 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35143940

RESUMO

Reactivation of fetal hemoglobin by editing the B-cell lymphoma/leukemia 11A (BCL11A) erythroid enhancer is an effective gene therapy for ß-thalassemia. Using the CRISPR/Cas9 system, fetal γ-globin expression can be robustly reactivated to mitigate the clinical course of ß-thalassemia. In our study, we found that the transfection efficiencies of CD34+ hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) were significantly and negatively correlated with the length of plasmids and greatly affected by the linearization of plasmids. Furthermore, the transgene expression of minicircles (MC) without plasmid backbone sequences was better both in vitro and in vivo compared with conventional plasmids. Thus, MC DNA was used to deliver the cassette of Staphylococcus aureus Cas9 (SaCas9) into HSPCs, and a single-guide RNA targeting the erythroid enhancer region of BCL11A was selected. After electroporation with MC DNA, an evident efficiency of gene editing and reactivation of γ-globin expression in erythroblasts derived from unsorted HSPCs was acquired. No significant off-target effects were found by deep sequencing. Furthermore, fragments derived from lentiviral vectors, but not MC DNA, were highly enriched in promoter, exon, intron, distal-intergenic, and cancer-associated genes, indicating that MC DNA provided a relatively safe and efficient vector for delivering transgenes. The developed MC DNA vector provided a potential approach for the delivery of SaCas9 cassette and the reactivation of γ-globin expression for ameliorating syndromes of ß-thalassemia.


Assuntos
DNA Circular/uso terapêutico , Hemoglobina Fetal/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Talassemia beta/genética , Talassemia beta/terapia , gama-Globinas/genética , gama-Globinas/metabolismo , Animais , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Proteína 9 Associada à CRISPR/metabolismo , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , DNA Circular/metabolismo , Edição de Genes , Terapia Genética/métodos , Vetores Genéticos , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Plasmídeos , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , RNA Guia/metabolismo , RNA Guia/uso terapêutico
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35206398

RESUMO

Recent study results on the association between maternal exposure to ambient air pollution with preterm birth have been inconsistent. The sensitive window of exposure and influence level of air pollutants varied greatly. We aimed to explore the association between maternal exposure to ambient air pollutants and the risk of preterm birth, and to estimate the sensitive exposure time window. A total of 572,116 mother-newborn pairs, daily concentrations of air pollutants from nearest monitoring stations were used to estimate exposures for each participant during 2015-2020 in Chongqing, China. We applied a generalized additive model and estimated RRs and 95% CIs for preterm birth in each trimester and the entire pregnancy period. In the single-pollutant model, we observed that each 10 µg/m3 increase in PM2.5 had a statistically significant effect on the third trimester and entire pregnancy, with RR = 1.036 (95% CI: 1.021, 1.051) and RR = 1.101 (95% CI: 1.075, 1.128), respectively. Similarly, for each 10 µg/m3 increase in PM10, there were 2.7% (RR = 1.027, 95% CI: 1.016, 1.038) increase for PTB on the third trimester, and 3.8% (RR = 1.038, 95% CI: 1.020, 1.057) increase during the whole pregnancy. We found that for each 10 mg/m3 CO increases, the relative risk of PTB increased on the first trimester (RR = 1.081, 95% CI: 1.007, 1.162), second trimester (RR = 1.116, 95% CI: 1.035, 1.204), third trimester (RR = 1.167, 95% CI: 1.090, 1.250) and whole pregnancy (RR = 1.098, 95% CI: 1.011, 1.192). No statistically significant RR was found for SO2 and NO2 on each trimester of pregnancy. Our study indicates that maternal exposure to high levels of PM2.5 and PM10 during pregnancy may increase the risk for preterm birth, especially for women at the late stage of pregnancy. Statistically increased risks of preterm birth were associated with CO exposure during each trimester and entire pregnancy. Reducing exposure to ambient air pollutants for pregnant women is clearly necessary to improve the health of infants.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Nascimento Prematuro , Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/análise , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Exposição Materna/efeitos adversos , Material Particulado/efeitos adversos , Material Particulado/análise , Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia
17.
J Affect Disord ; 303: 18-23, 2022 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35108603

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Depression is considered a risk factor for cognitive decline. The long-term impact of depressive symptoms on cognitive performance has not been established thus far. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the longitudinal associations between depressive symptoms and cognitive performance among middle-aged and elderly population. METHODS: We included 10,387 adults aged ≥45 years from the Health and Retirement Study (2004 to 2014) in this study. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CESD) scale. Participant's cognitive function was assessed via the telephone interview for cognitive status (TICS); the total cognitive score ranged from 0 to 35. We classified the participants into four clusters according to the quartile of the total cognitive score (TCS). We examined the change of depressive symptoms and cognitive performance by using the unconditional latent growth curve modeling (LGCM) method, and a parallel LGCM method was used to examine the longitudinal associations between depressive symptoms and cognitive performance among middle-aged and elderly adults in each cluster. RESULTS: Participants with lower levels of cognitive performance were associated with a greater risk of high depressive symptoms. Results from unconditional LGCM showed a sustained decline in cognitive performance and an increasing trend in depressive symptoms per 2 years for each cluster of participants. The parallel LGCM indicated that baseline levels of depression showed a significant negative correlation with the cognitive performance at baseline (ß [95% CI] of intercept(Dep) predicting intercept(TCS) were -0.33 [-0.41, -0.26], -0.03[-0.06, -0.00], -0.05 [-0.07, -0.02] and -0.64 [-0.70,-0.58], for clusters of Q1 to Q3 and the entire population, respectively). Further, a significant positive prospective association was observed between baseline levels of depression and changes in cognitive performance (intercept(Dep) predicting slope(TCS) were -0.05 [-0.08, -0.02], -0.09[-0.13, -0.05], -0.12 [-0.15, -0.08], -0.11 [-0.15, -0.06] and -0.04 [-0.06,-0.02] for clusters of Q1 to Q4 and the entire population, respectively). Moreover, for participants with the highest quartile of TCS, the rising trend of depressive symptoms accelerated the decline of cognitive performance during the follow-up period (Slope(Dep) predicting Slope(TCS): -0.44 [-0.86, -0.01]). CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that depressive symptoms were associated with lower cognitive performance and larger subsequent decline during follow-up period. Adults with depression may require more medical attention, and early intervention is required to delay the development of cognitive impairment and dementia.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Depressão , Adulto , Idoso , Cognição , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/psicologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Aposentadoria
18.
Viruses ; 14(2)2022 02 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35215935

RESUMO

Porcine sapelovirus (PSV) is an important emerging pathogen associated with a wide variety of diseases in swine, including acute diarrhoea, respiratory distress, skin lesions, severe neurological disorders, and reproductive failure. Although PSV is widespread, serological assays for field-based epidemiological studies are not yet available. Here, four PSV strains were recovered from diarrheic piglets, and electron microscopy revealed virus particles with a diameter of ~32 nm. Analysis of the entire genome sequence revealed that the genomes of PSV isolates ranged 7569-7572 nucleotides in length. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the isolated viruses were classified together with strains from China. Additionally, monoclonal antibodies for the recombinant PSV-VP1 protein were developed to specifically detect PSV infection in cells, and we demonstrated that isolated PSVs could only replicate in cells of porcine origin. Using recombinant PSV-VP1 protein as the coating antigen, we developed an indirect ELISA for the first time for the detection of PSV antibodies in serum. A total of 516 swine serum samples were tested, and PSV positive rate was 79.3%. The virus isolates, monoclonal antibodies and indirect ELISA developed would be useful for further understanding the pathophysiology of PSV, developing new diagnostic assays, and investigating the epidemiology of the PSV.


Assuntos
Infecções por Picornaviridae/veterinária , Picornaviridae/genética , Picornaviridae/isolamento & purificação , Doenças dos Suínos/virologia , Animais , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Sequência de Bases , China , Fezes/virologia , Variação Genética , Genoma Viral , Filogenia , Picornaviridae/classificação , Picornaviridae/fisiologia , Infecções por Picornaviridae/sangue , Infecções por Picornaviridae/virologia , Suínos , Doenças dos Suínos/sangue , Replicação Viral , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
19.
BJOG ; 2022 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35133070

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the associations of maternal liver dysfunction and liver function biomarkers (LFBs) with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are independent of overweight. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: A sub-cohort of pregnant women with seven LFBs examined at 9-13 weeks of gestation and with complete GDM evaluation at mid-gestation were extracted from the prospective Shanghai Preconception Cohort Study. Associations of liver dysfunction, defined as having any elevated LFB levels, and individual LFB levels with GDM incidence were assessed by adjusting body mass index and other covariates in the multivariable logistic regression model. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% CI were reported. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Incident GDM. RESULTS: Among 6211 pregnant women, 975 (15.7%) developed GDM. Liver dysfunction was associated with increased odds of GDM (OR 1.63; 95% CI 1.38-1.92). This association persisted after adjustment for BMI (adjusted OR [aOR] 1.37; 95% CI 1.15-1.63). Higher γ-glutamyl transferase, alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, and albumin levels were also linked with GDM (aOR per 1 SD: 1.15, 95% CI 1.08-1.23; 1.10, 1.03-1.17; 1.21, 1.13-1.29 and 1.19, 1.11-1.27, respectively). Similar magnitudes of associations were observed between normal weight and overweight pregnant women. CONCLUSION: Maternal liver dysfunction in early pregnancy predisposes women to subsequent GDM, and this association is independent of being overweight preconception. Our findings of an increased risk even in normal-weight pregnant women adds new mechanistic insights about the pathophysiological role of liver function in GDM aetiology.

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