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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(43): e27567, 2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34713830

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: To determine the economic burden of metastatic breast cancer (MBC) in Taiwan, we conducted a national retrospective claim database analysis to evaluate the incremental healthcare costs and utilization of MBC patients as compared to their breast cancer (BC) and breast cancer free (BCF) counterparts.Data were obtained from the National Health Insurance Claim Database and the Taiwan Cancer Registry database between 2012 and 2015. All healthcare utilization and costs were calculated on a per-patient-per-month (PPPM) basis and were compared among groups using the generalized linear model adjusting for age group, residential area, and Charlson comorbidity index group.A total of 1,606 MBC patients were matched to 6,424 BC patients and 6,424 BCF patients. The majority of overall MBC healthcare costs were attributed to outpatient costs (75.1%), followed by inpatient (23.2%) and emergency room costs (1.7%). The PPPM total healthcare costs of the MBC, BC, and BCF groups were TWD 7,422, 14,425, and 2,114, respectively. The adjusted PPPM total healthcare cost ratio of MBC to BCF was 4.1. Compared to BCF patients, the patients receiving both human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-targeted therapy and endocrine therapy incurred 28.1 times PPPM total costs. The adjusted PPPM total healthcare cost ratio of recurrent MBC to BCF was 2.3, while the ratio was 12.2 in the de novo MBC group.Patients with MBC are associated with substantial economic burden, particularly in outpatient costs. The study findings could be useful for MBC-related economic evaluations and health resource allocation.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/economia , Gastos em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos/economia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Comorbidade , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Feminino , Recursos em Saúde/economia , Recursos em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços de Saúde/economia , Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Revisão da Utilização de Seguros , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Econômicos , Metástase Neoplásica , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Características de Residência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Taiwan , Adulto Jovem
2.
Int J Health Plann Manage ; 36(5): 1465-1475, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33914358

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Despite the increasing prevalence and costs of breast cancer (BC), little is known about its adverse event (AE)-related costs in Asia. This study aimed to estimate the healthcare expenditures of AEs in patients with BC in Taiwan. METHODS: This is a retrospective claims database analysis. The medical costs associated with BC AEs during the first-line treatment period were estimated by use of both a matching method and the generalized linear model (GLM). RESULTS: A total of 50,010 patients diagnosed with breast cancer were identified. Using the case-control matching method, pneumonitis/pneumonia was the AE associated with the greatest total healthcare costs (NT$ 66,889), followed by arthralgia (NT$55,380). In the GLM, the estimated costs ranged from NT$ 1,045 for fatigue to NT$ 116,652 for left heart failure. Moreover, the estimated total healthcare incremental cost increased with the number of AEs (NT$18,157 for 1 AE, NT$33,827 for 2 AEs, NT$39,052 for 3 AEs, NT$53,348 for 4 AEs, and NT$54,215 for 5 AEs and above). CONCLUSIONS: The findings indicate that AEs among patients with BC were associated with a substantial economic burden, and healthcare expenditure rose significantly as the number of AEs increased.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Feminino , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Gastos em Saúde , Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
NPJ Digit Med ; 3: 29, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32195364

RESUMO

Hydrocephalus is a common disorder caused by the buildup of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the brain. Treatment typically involves the surgical implantation of a pressure-regulated silicone tube assembly, known as a shunt. Unfortunately, shunts have extremely high failure rates and diagnosing shunt malfunction is challenging due to a combination of vague symptoms and a lack of a convenient means to monitor flow. Here, we introduce a wireless, wearable device that enables precise measurements of CSF flow, continuously or intermittently, in hospitals, laboratories or even in home settings. The technology exploits measurements of thermal transport through near-surface layers of skin to assess flow, with a soft, flexible, and skin-conformal device that can be constructed using commercially available components. Systematic benchtop studies and numerical simulations highlight all of the key considerations. Measurements on 7 patients establish high levels of functionality, with data that reveal time dependent changes in flow associated with positional and inertial effects on the body. Taken together, the results suggest a significant advance in monitoring capabilities for patients with shunted hydrocephalus, with potential for practical use across a range of settings and circumstances, and additional utility for research purposes in studies of CSF hydrodynamics.

4.
Elife ; 72018 12 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30516470

RESUMO

Aging is an intricate phenomenon associated with the gradual loss of physiological functions, and both nutrient sensing and proteostasis control lifespan. Although multiple approaches have facilitated the identification of candidate genes that govern longevity, the molecular mechanisms that link aging pathways are still elusive. Here, we conducted a quantitative mass spectrometry screen and identified all phosphorylation/dephosphorylation sites on yeast proteins that significantly responded to calorie restriction, a well-established approach to extend lifespan. Functional screening of 135 potential regulators uncovered that Ids2 is activated by PP2C under CR and inactivated by PKA under glucose intake. ids2Δ or ids2 phosphomimetic cells displayed heat sensitivity and lifespan shortening. Ids2 serves as a co-chaperone to form a complex with Hsc82 or the redundant Hsp82, and phosphorylation impedes its association with chaperone HSP90. Thus, PP2C and PKA may orchestrate glucose sensing and protein folding to enable cells to maintain protein quality for sustained longevity.


Assuntos
Proteínas Quinases Dependentes de AMP Cíclico/genética , Regulação Fúngica da Expressão Gênica , Glucose/deficiência , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP90/genética , Fosfoproteínas Fosfatases/genética , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/efeitos dos fármacos , Divisão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Quinases Dependentes de AMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Glucose/farmacologia , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP90/metabolismo , Resposta ao Choque Térmico , Temperatura Alta , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/metabolismo , Fosfoproteínas Fosfatases/metabolismo , Fosfoproteínas/genética , Fosfoproteínas/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Dobramento de Proteína , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo
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