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1.
Mod Pathol ; 2020 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33011748

RESUMO

Currently there is no highly specific and sensitive marker to identify breast cancer-the most common malignancy in women. Breast cancer can be categorized as estrogen receptor (ER)/progesterone receptor (PR)-positive luminal, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive, or triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) types based on the expression of ER, PR, and HER2. Although GATA3 is the most widely used tumor marker at present to determine the breast origin, which has been shown to be an excellent marker for ER-positive and low-grade breast cancer, but it does not work well for TNBC with sensitivity as low as <20% in metaplastic breast carcinoma. In the current study, through TCGA data mining we identified trichorhinophalangeal syndrome type 1 (TRPS1) as a specific gene for breast carcinoma across 31 solid tumor types. Moreover, high mRNA level of TRPS1 was found in all four subtypes of breast carcinoma including ER/PR-positive luminal A and B types, HER2-positive type, and basal-type/TNBC. We then analyzed TRPS1 expression in 479 cases of various types of breast cancer using immunochemistry staining, and found that TRPS1 and GATA3 had comparable positive expression in ER-positive (98% vs. 95%) and HER2-positive (87% vs. 88%) breast carcinomas. However, TRPS1 which was highly expressed in TNBC, was significantly higher than GATA3 expression in metaplastic (86% vs. 21%) and nonmetaplastic (86% vs. 51%) TNBC. In addition, TRPS1 expression was evaluated in 1234 cases of solid tumor from different organs. In contrast to the high expression of GATA3 in urothelial carcinoma, TRPS1 showed no or little expression in urothelial carcinomas or in other tumor types including lung adenocarcinoma, pancreatic adenocarcinoma, colon and gastric adenocarcinoma, renal cell carcinoma, melanoma, and ovarian carcinoma. These findings suggest that TRPS1 is a highly sensitive and specific marker for breast carcinoma and can be used as a great diagnostic tool, especially for TNBC.

2.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33016281

RESUMO

Utilizing chloroplasts in biosolar cells offers a sustainable approach for sunlight harvesting. However, the limited electrochemical communication between these biological entities and an electrode surface has led to complex device setups, hindering their application in the field. Herein, a cross-linker enables a simple photoanode architecture with enhanced photoexcited electron transfer between chloroplasts and abiotic electrodes. The improved "wiring" of the photosynthetic electron transfer chain resulted in a five-fold increase in the biophotocurrent. The biophotoanode is applied in a Pt-free, portable biosolar cell allowing the in situ self-powered monitoring of diuron within limits set by the Environmental Protection Agency.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33016617

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A large number of the population experienced panic during the pandemic of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in China. The current study explored the trajectory of panic and its associated factors to develop promising strategies for controlling the global spread of COVID-19 and improving the mental health emergency management. METHODS: A total of 812 unmarried adults (aged from 18 to 42 years, M = 23.3, SD = 3.45) from all over China participated online in our investigation. A Growth Mixture Model (GMM) was developed and analysed. RESULTS: Three classes of trajectories for panic were identified: the "continuous decline group (CDG)", the "continuous low group (CLG)," and the "continuous high group (CHG)". With reference to the CDG, people in the CHG were more sensitive to social factors. With reference to the CDG, people in the CLG were more likely to possess some of the following traits: being men, in Hubei Province (center of the pandemic), with a lower income, and less sensitive towards social factors and individual factors. With reference to the CLG, people in the CHG were more likely to be women, located outside of Hubei Province, and more sensitive to social factors, family factors, and individual factors. CONCLUSION: Social factors, family factors, and individual factors predicted the different trajectories of panic.

4.
Injury ; 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032800

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To delineate anatomic and visual outcomes of injured eye globes with perforating, and to develop the prognostic indicators for perforating eyes. METHODS: The case series study, from a multicenter prospective cohort database. To the date of December 31st, 2018, of 63 perforating globes were selected. All cases underwent vitreoretinal surgeries or enucleations, and were followed up for at least 6 months. Demographic characteristics, basic examination for traumatized eyes, and intraocular tissue damages were recorded by surgery-in-chief. At the follow-up visit, best corrected VA, intraocular pressure, the intraocular tamponade material, retinal anatomic outcome of eye-globes, and phthisis or enucleation were evaluated. RESULTS: Fifty injured eyes (79%) were caused by sharp objects and 13 eyes (21%) were injured by a missiles. Twenty-two injured eyes can be anatomically restored with final vision of more than 4/200 through vitreoretinal surgery. The PVR-C (OR = 5.67, P = 0.01), area of retinectomy more than 2 times of optic disk (OR = 5.16, P = 0.04), and macular damage (OR = 6.38, P = 0.01) were correlated with unfavorable outcomes. CONCLUSION: The injured eyes with perforation can be saved through vitreoretinal surgery, the PVR-C, retinectomy more than 2 times of optic disk, and macular damage were independent risk factors for poor long-term prognosis.

5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(19)2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027895

RESUMO

Maternal obesity can contribute to the development of obesity and related metabolic disorders in progeny. Sirtuin (SIRT)1, an essential regulator of metabolism and stress responses, has recently emerged as an important modifying factor of developmental programming. In this study, to elucidate the effects of parental SIRT1 overexpression on offspring mechanism, four experimental groups were included: (1) Chow-fed wild-type (WT)-dam × Chow-fed WT-sire; (2) High-fat diet (HFD)-fed WT-dam × Chow-fed WT-sire; (3) HFD-fed hemizygous SIRT1-transgenic (Tg)-dam × Chow-fed WT-sire; and (4) HFD-fed WT dam × Chow-fed Tg-sire. Our results indicate that Tg breeders had lower body weight and fat mass compared to WT counterparts and gave birth to WT offspring with reductions in body weight, adiposity and hyperlipidaemia compared to those born of WT parents. Maternal SIRT1 overexpression also reversed glucose intolerance, and normalised abnormal fat morphology and the expression of dysregulated lipid metabolism markers, including SIRT1. Despite having persistent hepatic steatosis, offspring born to Tg parents showed an improved balance of hepatic glucose/lipid metabolic markers, as well as reduced levels of inflammatory markers and TGF-ß/Smad3 fibrotic signalling. Collectively, the data suggest that parental SIRT1 overexpression can ameliorate adverse metabolic programming effects by maternal obesity.

6.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0240158, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017456

RESUMO

AIM: This study explored the effect of a moderate (90 g/d) low-carbohydrate diet (LCD) in type 2 diabetes patients over 18 months. METHODS: Ninety-two poorly controlled type 2 diabetes patients aged 20-80 years with HbA1c ≥7.5% (58 mmol/mol) in the previous three months were randomly assigned to a 90 g/d LCD r traditional diabetic diet (TDD). The primary outcomes were glycaemic control status and change in medication effect score (MES). The secondary outcomes were lipid profiles, small, dense low-density lipoprotein (sdLDL), serum creatinine, microalbuminuria and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT). RESULTS: A total of 85 (92.4%) patients completed 18 months of the trial. At the end of the study, the LCD and TDD group consumed 88.0±29.9 g and 151.1±29.8 g of carbohydrates, respectively (p < 0.05). The 18-month mean change from baseline was statistically significant for the HbA1c (-1.6±0.3 vs. -1.0±0.3%), 2-h glucose (-94.4±20.8 vs. -18.7±25.7 mg/dl), MES (-0.42±0.32 vs. -0.05±0.24), weight (-2.8±1.8 vs. -0.7±0.7 kg), waist circumference (-5.7±2.7 vs. -1.9±1.4 cm), hip circumference (-6.1±1.8 vs. -2.9±1.7 cm) and blood pressure (-8.3±4.6/-5.0±3 vs. 1.6±0.5/2.5±1.6 mmHg) between the LCD and TDD groups (p<0.05). The 18-month mean change from baseline was not significantly different in lipid profiles, sdLDL, serum creatinine, microalbuminuria, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and carotid IMT between the groups. CONCLUSIONS: A moderate (90 g/d) LCD showed better glycaemic control with decreasing MES, lowering blood pressure, decreasing weight, waist and hip circumference without adverse effects on lipid profiles, sdLDL, serum creatinine, microalbuminuria, ALT and carotid IMT than TDD for type 2 diabetic patients.

7.
Neurology ; 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33024025

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the spatial patterns and the probable sequences of grey matter atrophy in spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3). METHODS: A total of 47 patients with SCA3 and 49 age- and sex-matched healthy control subjects participated in the study. High-resolution T1-weighted magnetic resonance images were examined in all participants. We used the causal network of structural covariance (CasCN) to identify the sequence of grey matter atrophy patterns. This was achieved by applying Granger causality analysis to a grey matter atrophy staging scheme performed by voxel-based morphometry from the network level. RESULTS: Participants in the premanifest stage of the disease showed the presence of focal grey matter atrophy in the vermis. As the disease duration increased, there was progressive grey matter atrophy in the cerebellar, the neostriatum, the frontal lobe, and the parietal lobe. The patients with SCA3 also showed proximal and distal cortical atrophy sequences exerting from the vermis to the regions mainly located in the cerebellum-neostriatum-cortical network. CONCLUSION: Our results, although preliminary in nature, indicate that the grey matter atrophy in SCA3 lies and extends to involve more regions according to distinct anatomical patterns, mainly in the cerebellum-neostriatum-cortical network. These findings advance our understanding on the natural history of structural damage in SCA3, while confirming known clinical features. This could provide unique insight into the ordered sequential process of regional brain atrophy that targets a particular network.

8.
Biomater Sci ; 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33026366

RESUMO

Tissue engineering is considered highly promising for the repair of traumatic brain injury (TBI), and accumulating evidence has proved the efficacy of biomaterials and 3D printing. Although collagen is famous for its natural properties, some defects still restrict its potential applications in tissue repair. In this experimental study, we fabricated a kind of scaffold with collagen and heparin sulfate via 3D printing, which possesses favorable physical properties and suitable degradation rate along with satisfactory cytocompatibility. After implantation, the results of motor evoked potentials (MEPs) showed that the latency and amplitude can both be improved in hemiplegic limbs, and the structural integrity of the cerebral cortex and corticospinal tract can be enhanced significantly under magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) evaluation. Additionally, the results of in situ hybridization (ISH) and immunofluorescence staining also revealed the facilitating role of 3D printing collagen/heparin sulfate scaffolds on vascular and neural regeneration. Moreover, the individuals implanted with this kind of scaffold present better gait characteristics and preferable electromyography and myodynamia. In general, 3D printed collagen/heparin sulfate scaffolds have superb performance in both structural repair and functional improvement and may offer a new strategy for the repair of TBI.

9.
Multivariate Behav Res ; : 1-15, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33001710

RESUMO

A combination of positively and negatively worded items (termed a mixed-format design) has been widely adopted in personality and attitude assessments. While advocates claim that the inclusion of positively and negatively worded items will encourage respondents to process the items more carefully and avoid response preference, others have reported that negatively worded (NW) items may induce a nuisance factor and contaminate scale scores. The present study examined the extent of the impact of the NW-item feature and further investigated whether a mixed-format design could effectively control acquiescence and the preference for extreme response options using two datasets (Attitude toward Peace Walls, and International Personality Item Pool). A proposed multidimensional item response model was implemented to simultaneously estimate the impact of item feature and response preference. The results suggested that NW items induced an impact on item responses and that affirmative preference was negligible, regardless of the proportion of NW items in a scale. However, participants' extremity preference was large in both balanced and imbalanced mixed-format designs. It concludes that the impact of the NW-item feature is not negligible in a mixed-format scale, which exhibits good control of acquiescence but not extremity preference.

10.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 19(1): 172, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036617

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Head-to-head comparison of clinical effectiveness between dulaglutide and liraglutide in Asia is limited. This study was aimed to assess the real-world comparative effectiveness of dulaglutide versus liraglutide. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study by utilizing multi-institutional electronic medical records to identify real-world type 2 diabetes patients treated with dulaglutide or liraglutide during 2016-2018 in Taiwan and followed up until 2019. Effectiveness outcomes were assessed at every 3 months in the 1-year follow-up. Propensity score techniques were applied to enhance between-group comparability. Significant differences in changes of effectiveness outcomes between treatment groups during the follow-up were examined and further analyzed using mixed-model repeated-measures approaches. RESULTS: A total of 1512 subjects receiving dulaglutide and 1513 subjects receiving liraglutide were identified. At 12 months, significant HbA1c changes from baseline were found in both treatments (dulaglutide: - 1.06%, p < 0.001; liraglutide: - 0.83%, p < 0.001), with a significant between-group difference (- 0.23%, 95% confidence interval - 0.38 to - 0.08%, p < 0.01). Both treatments yielded significant declines in weight, alanine aminotransferase level, and estimated glomerular filtration rate from baseline (dulaglutide: - 1.14 kg, - 3.08 U/L and - 2.08 mL/min/1.73 m2, p < 0.01; liraglutide: - 1.64 kg, - 3.65 U/L and - 2.33 mL/min/1.73 m2, p < 0.001), whereas only dulaglutide yielded a significant systolic blood pressure reduction (- 2.47 mmHg, p < 0.001). Between-group differences in changes of weight, blood pressure, and liver and renal functions at 12 months were not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: In real-world T2D patients, dulaglutide versus liraglutide was associated with better glycemic control and comparable effects on changes of weight, blood pressure, and liver and renal functions.

11.
Planta ; 252(5): 81, 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33037484

RESUMO

MAIN CONCLUSION: Ferrous iron can promote the development of glandular trichomes and increase the content of blinin, which depends on CbHO-1 expression. Conyza blinii (C. blinii) is a unique Chinese herbal medicine that grows in Sichuan Province, China. Because the habitat of C. blinii is an iron ore mining area with abundant iron content, this species can be used as one of the best materials to study the mechanism of plant tolerance to iron. In this study, C. blinii was treated with ferrous-EDTA solutions at different concentrations, and it was found that the tolerance value of C. blinii to iron was 200 µM. Under this concentration, the plant height, root length, biomass, and iron content of C. blinii increased to the maximum values, and the effect was dependent on the upregulated expression of CbHO-1. At the same time, under ferrous iron, the photosynthetic capacity and capitate glandular trichome density of C. blinii also significantly increased, providing precursors and sites for the synthesis of blinin, thus significantly increasing the content of blinin. These processes were also dependent on the high expression of CbHO-1. Correlation analysis showed that there were strong positive correlations between iron content, capitate glandular trichome density, CbHO-1 gene expression, and blinin content. This study explored the effects of ferrous iron on the physiology and biochemistry of C. blinii, greatly improving our understanding of the mechanism of iron tolerance in C. blinii.

12.
Neuroimaging Clin N Am ; 30(4): 479-492, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038998

RESUMO

Artificial intelligence (AI) advancements have significant implications for medical imaging. Stroke is the leading cause of disability and the fifth leading cause of death in the United States. AI applications for stroke imaging are a topic of intense research. AI techniques are well-suited for dealing with vast amounts of stroke imaging data and a large number of multidisciplinary approaches used in classification, risk assessment, segmentation tasks, diagnosis, prognosis, and even prediction of therapy responses. This article addresses this topic and seeks to present an overview of machine learning and/or deep learning applied to stroke imaging.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33041005

RESUMO

The nucleotide-binding domain and leucine-rich repeat-containing family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is involved in various acute and chronic liver diseases, however, it is not clear whether NLRP3 contributes to d-Galactosamine (D-GalN) plus lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute liver failure (ALF). This study aims to investigate the role of NLRP3 inflammasome in D-GalN/LPS-induced fatal hepatitis. We found that Nlrp3-/- and WT mice showed similar mortality against a lethal dose of D-GalN/LPS treatment. Serum ALT and AST levels, as well as liver necrosis area and hepatocyte apoptosis, were not significantly different between Nlrp3-/- and WT mice at 6 h after D-GalN/LPS injection. Moreover, the numbers of intrahepatic F4/80+ cells and Ly6G+ cells were comparable in two genotype mice following D-GalN/LPS treatment. Besides, Nlrp3-/- mice had reduced IL-1ß levels but similar TNF-α, IL-6, and MCP-1 levels compared with WT mice upon D-GalN/LPS administration. Our findings revealed that NLRP3 ablation does not protect mice from D-GalN/LPS-induced fatal hepatitis and has a marginal effect on intrahepatic inflammatory response upon D-GalN/LPS treatment. This suggests that NLRP3 inflammasome does not appear to be a major contributor to D-GalN/LPS-induced ALF.

14.
Eur J Oper Res ; 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33041472

RESUMO

Portfolio performance evaluation is a major data envelopment analysis (DEA) application in the finance field. Most proposed DEA approaches focus on single-period portfolio performance assessment based on aggregated historical data. However, such an evaluation setting may result in the loss of valuable information in past individual time periods, and violate real-world portfolio managers' and investors' decision making, which generally involves multiple time periods. Furthermore, to our knowledge, all proposed DEA approaches treat the financial assets comprising a portfolio as a "black box": thus there is no information about their individual performance. Moreover, ideal portfolio evaluation models should enable the target portfolio to compare with all possible portfolios, i.e., enabling full diversification of portfolios across all financial assets. Hence, this research aims at developing nested dynamic network DEA models, an additive model being nested within a slacks-based measure (SBM) DEA model, that explicitly utilizes the information in each individual time period to fully and simultaneously measure the multi-period efficiency of a portfolio and its comprised financial assets. The proposed nested dynamic network DEA models, referred to as NDN DEA models, are linear programs with conditional value-at-risk (CVaR) constraints, and infinitely many decision making units (DMUs). In conducting the empirical study, this research applies the NDN DEA models to a real-world case study, in which Markov chain Monte Carlo Bayesian algorithms are used to obtain future performance forecasts in today's highly volatile investment environments.

15.
Neuropharmacology ; 180: 108299, 2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32916145

RESUMO

Predatory hunting is an important approach for animals to obtain valuable nutrition and energy, which critically depends on heightened arousal. Yet the neural substrates underlying predatory hunting remain largely undefined. Here, we report that basal forebrain (BF) GABAergic neurons play an important role in regulating predatory hunting. Our results showed that BF GABAergic neurons were activated during the prey (cricket)-hunting and food feeding in mice. Optogenetic activation of BF GABAergic neurons evoked immediate predatory-like actions to both artificial and natural preys, significantly reducing the attack latency while increasing the attack probability and the number of killed natural prey (crickets). Similar to the effect of activating the soma of BF GABAergic neurons, photoactivation of their terminals in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) also strongly promotes predatory hunting. Moreover, photoactivation of GABAergic BF - VTA pathway significantly increases the intake of various food in mice. By synchronous recording of electroencephalogram and electromyogram, we showed that photoactivation of GABAergic BF - VTA pathway induces instant arousal and maintains long-term wakefulness. In summary, our results clearly demonstrated that the GABAergic BF is a key neural substrate for predatory hunting, and promotes this behavior through GABAergic BF - VTA pathway.

16.
Nurse Educ Today ; 94: 104566, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32942245

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Health assessments are a vital competency required of nurses. The more traditional ways of teaching and learning this skill require practice and are often limited by time constraints. With the rise of technology-based platforms, students can supplement their learning health assessment skills through other means, such as videos, that not only teach the steps but also allow them to learn in context. OBJECTIVES: This study describes how a symptom-focused health assessment and empathy (SHAE) program, which primarily involves the use of a case-based health assessment video, was implemented and evaluated. DESIGN: The study involved a single-centre, single-blind, parallel randomized controlled trial. SETTINGS: The study was conducted at a university in Singapore. PARTICIPANTS: Year one undergraduate nursing students enrolled in the Comprehensive Health Assessment (CHA) module during semester two of the academic year 2018/2019 participated in the study. METHODS: Participants were randomized into one of the two parallel groups: the experimental group or the waitlisted control (WL) group. The experimental group received the SHAE program in addition to conventional learning methods (e-lectures, lab demonstration, and pair practice). The WL group received only the conventional learning methods. Pre- and post-test measures of the study variables such as knowledge, health assessment skills, confidence, empathy, and intention to learn were conducted. The WL group was given access to the SHAE program after the post-test. Analyses of covariance (ANCOVA) were used to compare the means of the study variables between the intervention and WL groups. RESULTS: Participants in the intervention group had significantly higher scores on knowledge (p = 0.016), confidence (p = 0.03), and health assessment skills (p = 0.004). No significant differences in intention to learn and empathy between the two groups were found. CONCLUSION: The use of a case-based video has the potential to be a valuable method of teaching health assessments in context to nursing students. The SHAE program has shown beneficial effects on students' knowledge, health assessment skills, and confidence. However, there was no effect on students' intentions to learn and their empathy. Further refinements of the program will need to focus on improving these domains.

17.
Mol Med Rep ; 22(5): 3822-3832, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901838

RESUMO

Non­small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a leading subtype of lung cancer, with high mortality rates. Recently, long non­coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been associated with NSCLC. The present study aimed to examine the role of the TP73 antisense RNA 1 (TP73­AS1) lncRNA in NSCLC. TP73­AS1 and microRNA(miR)­34a­5p expression levels were measured using reverse transcription­quantitative PCR (RT­qPCR) and chromogenic in situ hybridization (CISH). Cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion was determined using Cell Counting Kit­8 (CCK­8), flow cytometry, Transwell and Matrigel assays, respectively. The median inhibitory concentration (IC50) value of cisplatin (cis­diamminedichloroplatinum; DDP) was assessed using a CCK­8 assay. The interaction between miR­34a­5p and TP73­AS1 or tripartite motif­containing 29 (TRIM29) was predicted using microRNA.org and Starbase, then verified using a dual­luciferase reporter assay. The expression of TRIM29 was quantified at the mRNA and protein level using RT­qPCR and western blot analysis, respectively. TP73­AS1 was significantly upregulated, while miR­34a­5p was downregulated in NSCLC tissues and cells. Functionally, TP73­AS1 knockdown inhibited proliferation, migration, invasion and DDP resistance, whilst inducing apoptosis in NSCLC cells. miR­34a­5p was identified as a target for TP73­AS1, and its inhibition reversed the effects of TP73­AS1 knockdown on NSCLC cells. In addition, TRIM29 was targeted by miR­34a­5p, and its overexpression reversed the effects of miR­34a­5p. Moreover, TP73­AS1 acted as a molecular sponge for miR­34a­5p, increasing the expression of TRIM29. In conclusion, TP73­AS1 contributed to proliferation, migration and DDP resistance but inhibited apoptosis of NSCLC cells by upregulating TRIM29 and sponging miR­34a­5p.

18.
J Am Chem Soc ; 142(39): 16579-16586, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32900189

RESUMO

One of the most appealing topics in the study of metal-organic networks is the growth mechanism. However, its study is still considered a significant challenge. Herein, using scanning tunneling microscopy, the growth mechanisms of metal-alkynyl networks on Ag(111) and Au(111) surfaces were investigated at the atomic scale. During the reaction of 1,3,5-tris(chloroethynyl)benzene on Ag(111), honeycomb Ag-alkynyl networks formed at 393 K, and only short chain intermediates were observed. By contrast, the same precursor formed honeycomb Au-alkynyl networks on Au(111) at 503 K. Progression annealing led to a stepwise evolution process, in which the sequential activation of three Cl-alkynyl bonds led to the formation of dimers, zigzag chains, and novel chiral networks as the intermediates. Moreover, density functional theory calculations indicate that chlorine atoms are crucial in assisting the breakage of metal-alkynyl bonds to form Cl-metal-alkynyl, which guarantees the reversibility of the break/formation equilibration as the key to forming regular large-scale organometallic networks.

19.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; : 1-2, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991231

RESUMO

A safe and effective vaccine candidate is urgently needed for the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, caused by SARS-CoV-2. Here we report that recombinant SARS-CoV-2 RBD protein immunization in mice is able to elicit a strong antibody response and potent neutralizing capability as measured using live or pseudotyped SARS-CoV-2 neutralization assays.

20.
J Dermatol ; 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991744

RESUMO

Spindle cell hemangiomatosis is a benign multifocal vascular proliferation that mostly occurs in the distal extremities. It is a relatively rare disease and causes difficulties in clinical diagnosis and differential diagnosis of venous malformation. We retrospectively assessed the medical history, and clinical features, imaging features, pathological features and follow up of 11 patients diagnosed pathologically with spindle cell hemangiomatosis after surgery. There are two types of clinical appearances in spindle cell hemangiomatosis in the distal extremities: bleb-like nodules and varix-like nodules. Bleb-like nodules are mostly superficially located in the palm or interphalangeal joints with obvious hemorrhage in lesions and mainly composed of cavernous spaces rather than spindle cells. Varix-like nodules are located in the back of the hands or arms with normal skin color and mainly composed of solid areas of accumulated spindle cells. Surgery is the standard therapy for spindle cell hemangiomatosis, while sclerotherapy is invalid. Despite the tendency to develop new lesions, there are no residual lesions at the surgical site during follow up. Bleb-like nodules in the palm and interphalangeal joints are a typical clinical appearance in spindle cell hemangiomatosis which can help make clinical and a differential diagnosis of venous malformation. Surgery is the standard therapy for spindle cell hemangiomatosis with no residual lesions remaining at the surgical sites.

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