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Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 38(5): 1947-1956, 2017 May 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29965100


A novel composite adsorbent (Ti-Zr-D201) for simultaneous removal of phosphate and fluoride from water was prepared by loading nanosized titanium and zirconium oxides on the anion exchange resin named D201. Combining with the characterization of the adsorbent, adsorption isotherm experiments, effect of solution pH experiments, competitive tests, kinetic experiments and fixed bed column adsorption experiments were performed to explore the adsorption performance and mechanism. The maximum adsorption capacity of Ti-Zr-D201 for phosphorus and fluorine was 34.9mg·g-1 and 35.1mg·g-1 respectively, when the pH value was 5.8 and the temperature was 308K. Adsorption behavior was spontaneous, and higher temperature was favorable for phosphorus and fluoride adsorption. The effect of pH on the adsorption of fluoride was more significant compared with the adsorption of phosphorus. SO42-, NO3- and Cl- were selected as the competitive ions for competition experiments, and the results indicated that Ti-Zr-D201 exhibited favorable sorption selectivity for phosphorus and fluoride compared with the host material D201. The fitting results of the internal diffusion model showed that there were two different adsorption stages before the adsorption equilibrium of Ti-Zr-D201. Column adsorption experiments showed that Ti-Zr-D201 had a stable structure, excellent dynamic adsorption performance, and could be recycled, which showed the potential of practical application.

Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 30(1): 153-6, 2010 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20118009


OBJECTIVE: To breed estrogen receptor beta (ERbeta) gene knock-out female mice for studying postmenopausal osteoporotic fracture. METHODS: Three pairs of ERbeta gene knock-out mice were bred for 3 months, and 14 2-month-old female wild-type C57BL/6J mice with the same genetic background were paired at the ratio of 2:1 and mated with the male ERbeta gene knock-out homozygote mice. After further breeding to obtain sufficient number of mice, the genome DNA was extracted from the tail of the mice for genotyping by PCR. Ten 4-month-old female filial mice with ERbeta gene knock-out and 10 wild-type female mice were randomly selected and sacrificed, and the right proximal tibiae were removed and subjected to micro CT for measuring the parameters of trabecular bone histomorphometry. RESULTS: A total of 340 filial generation mice were reproduced in 2 months and genotypic identification revealed a proportion of ERbeta+ or + mice of 23.5%, ERbeta+ or - mice of 48.27 percent; and homozygous mutant (ERbeta- or -) mice of 28.3% (in which 54 were female). The MicroCT data revealed that the micro-architecture of the proximal tibiae was significantly different between ERbeta gene knock-out mice selected from the filial generation and wild type mice (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: It is feasible to breed ERbeta knock-out female mice by introducing female wild-type mice to pair and mate with ERbeta knock-out homozygote male mice. This approach allows breeding of sufficient number of female ERbeta knock-out mice as the animal models for studying the role of ERbeta.

Cruzamento , Receptor beta de Estrogênio/genética , Camundongos Knockout , Animais , DNA/análise , Feminino , Técnicas de Inativação de Genes , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL