Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 180
Filtrar
1.
Food Chem ; 370: 130933, 2022 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34507211

RESUMO

Cyanidin-3-glucoside (C3G), an anthocyanin constituent of fruits and vegetables. It has been proven to possess numerous health benefits with no side effects. However, the poor stability of C3G is an intractable property that limits its application. Hence, the aim of this study is to improve the stability of C3G through the formation of well dispersed nanoparticles. In this study, C3G loaded ß-CD-EP-CMC nanoparticles exhibited nearly spherical with good disperse and homogeneous morphology. Results also indicated that the nanoparticles formation of grafting of C3G to ß-CD-EP-CMC could significantly improve the stability of C3G to against thermal or light degradation. Collectively, current results strongly aligned with the prospective purpose that the grafting of C3G to ß-CD-EP-CMC nanoparticles could be treated as an effective approach for improving the stability. This study opens a new avenue for the utilization and development of novel wall materials ß-CD-EP-CMC in C3G associated nutraceutical.


Assuntos
Quitosana , beta-Ciclodextrinas , Antocianinas , Epicloroidrina , Estudos Prospectivos
2.
Food Chem ; 366: 130611, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388403

RESUMO

Anthocyanins are pigments abundant in fruits and vegetables, and commonly applied in foods due to attractive colour and health-promoting benefits. However, instability of anthocyanins leads to their easy degradation, reduced bioactivity, and colour fading in food processing, limiting their application and causing economic losses. Stability of anthocyanins depends on their own structures and environmental factors. For structural factors, modification including copigmentation, acylation and biosynthesis is a potential solution to increase anthocyanin stability due to forming stable structures. With regard to environmental factors, encapsulation such as microencapsulation, liposome and nanoparticles has been shown effectively to enhance the stability. We proposed the potential challenges and perspectives for the diversification of anthocyanin-rich products for food application, particularly, introduction of hazards, technical limitations, interaction with other ingredients in food system and exploration of pyranoanthocyanins. The integrated strategies are warranted for improving anthocyanin stabilization for promoting their further application in food industry.


Assuntos
Antocianinas , Frutas , Pigmentação , Extratos Vegetais , Verduras
3.
Food Chem ; 369: 130874, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34455321

RESUMO

As one of food sources, fish provides sufficient nutrition to human. Diverse nutrients in fish make fish an important nutrient source available easily across the globe. Fish is proven to possess several health benefits, such as anti-oxidation, anti-inflammation, wound healing, neuroprotection, cardioprotection, and hepatoprotection properties. Fish proteins, such as immunoglobins, act as defense agents against viral and bacterial infections and prevent protein-calorie malnutrition. Besides, fish oil constituents, such as polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), regulate various signaling pathways, such as nuclear factor kappa B pathway, Toll-like receptor pathway, transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß) pathway, and peroxisome proliferators activated receptor (PPAR) pathways. In this review, the literature about health benefits of fish consumption are accumulated from PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus, and the mechanistic action of health benefits are summarized. Fish consumption at least twice per week as part of a healthy diet is beneficial for a healthy heart. More advances in this field could pose fish as a major nutrients source of foods.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3 , Óleos de Peixe , Animais , Ácidos Graxos Insaturados , Peixes/metabolismo , Humanos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
4.
G3 (Bethesda) ; 11(11)2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34849791

RESUMO

Using genetic mutations to study protein functions in vivo is a central paradigm of modern biology. Single-domain camelid antibodies generated against GFP have been engineered as nanobodies or GFP-binding proteins (GBPs) that can bind GFP as well as some GFP variants with high affinity and selectivity. In this study, we have used GBP-mCherry fusion protein as a tool to perturb the natural functions of a few kinetochore proteins in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. We found that cells simultaneously expressing GBP-mCherry and the GFP-tagged inner kinetochore protein Cnp1 are sensitive to high temperature and microtubule drug thiabendazole (TBZ). In addition, kinetochore-targeted GBP-mCherry by a few major kinetochore proteins with GFP tags causes defects in faithful chromosome segregation. Thus, this setting compromises the functions of kinetochores and renders cells to behave like conditional mutants. Our study highlights the potential of using GBP as a general tool to perturb the function of some GFP-tagged proteins in vivo with the objective of understanding their functional relevance to certain physiological processes, not only in yeasts, but also potentially in other model systems.

5.
Entropy (Basel) ; 23(11)2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34828171

RESUMO

Support vector clustering (SVC) is a boundary-based algorithm, which has several advantages over other clustering methods, including identifying clusters of arbitrary shapes and numbers. Leveraged by the high generalization ability of the large margin distribution machine (LDM) and the optimal margin distribution clustering (ODMC), we propose a new clustering method: minimum distribution for support vector clustering (MDSVC), for improving the robustness of boundary point recognition, which characterizes the optimal hypersphere by the first-order and second-order statistics and tries to minimize the mean and variance simultaneously. In addition, we further prove, theoretically, that our algorithm can obtain better generalization performance. Some instructive insights for adjusting the number of support vector points are gained. For the optimization problem of MDSVC, we propose a double coordinate descent algorithm for small and medium samples. The experimental results on both artificial and real datasets indicate that our MDSVC has a significant improvement in generalization performance compared to SVC.

6.
Molecules ; 26(22)2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34833980

RESUMO

To identify the chemical components responsible for the anti-hyperglycemic effect of Cyclocarya paliurus (Batal.) Iljinsk (Juglandaceae) leaves, an ethanol extract (CPE) and a water extract (CPW) of C. paliurus leaves, as well as their total flavonoids (CPF), triterpenoids (CPT) and crude polysaccharides (CPP), were prepared and assessed on streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice. After being orally administrated once a day for 24 days, CPF (300 mg/kg), CPP (180 mg/kg), or CPF+CPP (300 mg/kg CPF + 180 mg/kg CPP) treatment reversed STZ-induced body weight and muscle mass losses. The glucose tolerance tests and insulin tolerance tests suggested that CPF, CPP, and CPF+CPP showed anti-hyperglycemic effect in STZ-induced diabetic mice. Furthermore, CPF enhances glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in MIN6 cells and insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in C2C12 myotubes. CPF and CPP suppressed inflammatory cytokine levels in STZ-induced diabetic mice. Additionally, CPF and CPP improved STZ-induced diabetic nephropathy assessed by H&E staining, blood urea nitrogen content, and urine creatinine level. The molecular networking and Emperor analysis results indicated that CPF showed potential anti-hyperglycemic effects, and HPLC-MS/MS analysis indicated that CPF contains 3 phenolic acids and 9 flavonoids. In contrast, CPT (650 mg/kg) and CPC (300 mg/kg CPF + 180 mg/kg CPP + 650 mg/kg CPT) did not show anti-hyperglycemic effect. Taken together, polysaccharides and flavonoids are responsible for the anti-hyperglycemic effect of C. paliurus leaves, and the clinical application of C. paliurus need to be refined.

7.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 755268, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34765622

RESUMO

Objective: Human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) have been implicated in the pulmonary involvements. We aimed to investigate the clinical utility of HE4 in clinical stratification in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods: This study included a discovery cohort comprising 70 RA patients and 64 healthy controls (HCs), and a validation cohort comprising 98 RA patients and 75 HCs. Human epididymis protein 4 were determined by electrochemical luminescence analyzer. Results: The levels of HE4 were significantly elevated in patients with RA compared to HCs. The positive rates of HE4 in patients with RA and HCs were 50.0% and 0, respectively, in the discovery cohort and 53.1 and 1.3%, respectively, in the validation cohort. When RA patients were subgrouped according to HE4 status, HE4-positive group displayed higher prevalence of interstitial lung disease (ILD) compared to HE4-negative group (28.6 vs. 11.4% in discovery cohort and 57.7 vs. 8.7% in the validation cohort). A positive correlation between the levels of HE4 with the degree of lung impairment was identified. Receiver operating curve (ROC) analysis revealed an optimal cut-off value of 104.3 pmol/L in HE4 for distinguishing RA-ILD from RA-non ILD with the areas under the curve (AUC) of 0.790. Multivariate logistic regression analysis illustrated that high levels of HE4 independently identified patients with RA-ILD (OR, 9.080, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Our findings showed a novel role of HE4 in RA risk stratification, suggest that introducing HE4 to the current RA test panel may serve as an indicator in identifying RA patients for further RA-ILD workups, such as high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT).

8.
Front Neurosci ; 15: 701560, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34776839

RESUMO

Objective: Executive function refers to the conscious control of thinking and behavior in psychological process. Executive dysfunction widely exists in a variety of neuropsychiatric diseases, and is closely related to the decline of daily living ability and function. This study intends to explore the effect of low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on executive function and its neural mechanism by using event-related potential (ERP), so as to provide basis for further study on the relationship between cerebral cortex and executive function. Methods: Task switching paradigm was used to study the cognitive flexibility in executive function. Thirty-one healthy subjects were randomly assigned to receive rTMS stimulations (1 Hz rTMS or sham rTMS) to the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) twice. The switching task and the electroencephalography EEG recordings were performed before (pre-rTMS/pre-sham rTMS) and immediately after the end of the rTMS application (post-rTMS/post-sham rTMS). Results: The analysis of RTs showed that the main effects of switching and time were statistically significant. Further analysis revealed that the RT of rTMS stimulation was longer than sham rTMS at post-stimulation. ERP analysis showed that there was a significant switching effect in frontal and central scalp location, and the P2 amplitude in switch trials was greater than that in non-switch trials. At post-stimulation, the N2 amplitude of rTMS is more negative than that of sham rTMS at non-switch trials, whereas no such difference was found at switch trials. The P3 amplitude and LPC amplitude are significantly reduced by rTMS at post-stimulation. Conclusion: Low-frequency rTMS of the left DLPFC can cause decline of cognitive flexibility in executive function, resulting in the change of N2 amplitude and the decrease of P3 and LPC components during task switching, which is of positive significance for the evaluation and treatment of executive function.

9.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34789920

RESUMO

Interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), a key pro-inflammatory cytokine, is majorly produced by macrophages through NOD-, LRR-, and pyrin domain-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome, which has been identified as the culprit to deteriorate the inflammatory crosstalk between macrophages and adipocytes. Ainsliadimer C (AC) is a disesquiterpenoid isolated from Ainsliaea macrocephala. In the current study, we investigated the effects of AC on adipose tissue inflammation in co-culture of macrophages and adipocytes in vitro as well as in LPS-treated mice in vivo. We showed that AC (20-80 µM) dose-dependently inhibited the secretion of IL-1ß from LPS plus ATP-stimulated THP-1 macrophages by inhibiting the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome. Furthermore, we found that AC treatment activated NAD+-dependent deacetylase Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), resulting in reduced acetylation level of NLRP3. Molecular modeling analysis revealed that binding of AC to sirtuin-activating compound-binding domain increased the affinity of the substrate to the catalytic domain of SIRT1. Moreover, AC (80 µM) significantly attenuated macrophage-conditioned medium-induced inflammatory responses in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. In LPS-induced acute inflammatory mice, administration of AC (20, 60 mg·kg-1·d-1, ip) for 5 days significantly suppressed the pro-inflammatory cytokine levels in serum and epididymal white adipose tissue (eWAT), attenuated macrophage infiltration into eWAT, and mitigated adipose tissue inflammation. The beneficial effects of AC were blocked by co-administration of a selective SIRT1 inhibitor EX-527 (10 mg·kg-1·d-1). Taken together, AC suppresses NLRP3-mediated IL-1ß secretion through activating SIRT1, leading to attenuated inflammation in macrophages and adipose tissue, which might be a candidate to treat obesity-associated metabolic diseases.

10.
Pediatr Pulmonol ; 2021 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672436

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the onset of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, many experts expected that asthma-associated morbidity because of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection would dramatically increase. However, some studies suggested that there was no apparent increasing in asthma-related morbidity in children with asthma, it is even possible children may have improved outcomes. To understand the relationship between the COVID-19 pandemic and asthma outcomes, we performed this article. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library to find literature from December 2019 to June 2021 related to COVID-19 and children's asthma control, among which results such as abstracts, comments, letters, reviews, and case reports were excluded. The level of asthma control during the COVID-19 pandemic was synthesized and discussed by outcomes of asthma exacerbation, emergency room visit, asthma admission, and childhood asthma control test (c-ACT). RESULTS: A total of 22,159 subjects were included in 10 studies. Random effect model was used to account for the data. Compared with the same period before the COVID-19 pandemic, asthma exacerbation reduced (odds ratio [OR] = 0.26, 95% confidence interval [CI] = [0.14-0.48], Z = 4.32, p < 0.0001), the odds of emergency room visit decreased as well (OR = 0.11, 95% CI = [0.04-0.26], Z = 4.98, p < 0.00001). The outcome of asthma admission showed no significant difference (OR = 0.84, 95% CI = [0.32-2.20], Z = 0.36, p = 0.72). The outcome of c-ACT scores were not analyzed because of the different manifestations used. Overall, c-ACT scores reduced during the pandemic. CONCLUSION: Compared to the same period before the COVID-19 pandemic, the level of asthma control has been significantly improved. We need to understand the exact factors leading to these improvements and find methods to sustain it.

11.
PLoS Pathog ; 17(10): e1009858, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34618873

RESUMO

Autoimmune diseases are often treated by glucocorticoids and immunosuppressive drugs that could increase the risk for infection, which in turn deteriorate disease and cause mortality. Low-dose IL-2 (Ld-IL2) therapy emerges as a new treatment for a wide range of autoimmune diseases. To examine its influence on infection, we retrospectively studied 665 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) including about one third receiving Ld-IL2 therapy, where Ld-IL2 therapy was found beneficial in reducing the incidence of infections. In line with this clinical observation, IL-2 treatment accelerated viral clearance in mice infected with influenza A virus or lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV). Noticeably, despite enhancing anti-viral immunity in LCMV infection, IL-2 treatment exacerbated CD8+ T cell-mediated immunopathology. In summary, Ld-IL2 therapy reduced the risk of infections in SLE patients and enhanced the control of viral infection, but caution should be taken to avoid potential CD8+ T cell-mediated immunopathology.


Assuntos
Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Imunossupressores/farmacologia , Interleucina-2/farmacologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Infecções Oportunistas/imunologia , Animais , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/efeitos dos fármacos , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido/imunologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Bioorg Chem ; 117: 105426, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34666257

RESUMO

A novel cassane-type diterpenoid, caesalpinaxin (1), was isolated from the seeds of Caesalpinia minax Hance. The structure of caesalpinaxin was established by means of spectroscopic techniques (NMR, HR-ESIMS, UV and IR). The absolute configuration of caesalpinaxin was determined by quantum chemical calculations of its theoretical electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectrum. Caesalpinaxin is the first cassane-type diterpenoid with 21 carbons core skeleton, containing an unusual δ-lactone ring. A plausible biosynthetic pathway was proposed for compound 1. Furthermore, caesalpinaxin was tested for the pro-angiogenetic activity on human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVECs). The results indicated that this compound significantly stimulated migration and tuber formation through enhancing the level of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Thus, caesalpinaxin might be applied in accelerating wound healing.

13.
ACS Chem Neurosci ; 12(21): 4058-4064, 2021 11 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34668369

RESUMO

Elevated HClO gets involved in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). Herein, a novel fluorescent probe NUU-1 was designed and synthesized. Distinct from the general strategies, NUU-1 features two distinct HClO reactive sites, a HClO-specific reaction site and a HClO-nonspecific reactive site, which in turn endows NUU-1 with the "0 + 1 > 1" amplification effect, that thus dramatically promotes the selectivity. NUU-1 displayed a fast response rate (within 15 s), remarkable fluorescence enhancement (about 538-fold), and excellent sensitivity (LOD = 25.8 nM) in response to HClO while the remaining fluorescence silence toward other common ROS (H2O2, •OH, ONOO-, O2•-, and 1O2) even at high concentrations (up to 0.5 mM). NUU-1 allows for the imaging of both exogenous and endogenous HClO in living dopaminergic cells (SH-SY5Y). Moreover, by employing NUU-1 as the probe, the image of HClO in C. elegans and zebrafish was successfully achieved. Significantly, in the first trial, NUU-1 was successfully utilized for the brain basal HClO imaging in PD mice models and distinguished PD brain tissues from normal control, thereby holding great potential for in-depth biological applications.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes , Doença de Parkinson , Animais , Caenorhabditis elegans , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Ácido Hipocloroso , Camundongos , Imagem Óptica , Doença de Parkinson/diagnóstico por imagem , Peixe-Zebra
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34709801

RESUMO

Most chronic wounds suffer from infections, and their treatment is challenging. The usage of antibiotics may lead to bacterial resistance and adverse side effects. Positively charged substances have shown promise, but their applications are usually limited by certain cytotoxicity or complex synthesis. Doped polyaniline that carries a high density of positive charges would be a promising candidate due to its good biocompatibility and easy availability, but its interaction with bacteria has not been elucidated. Herein, the distinct bactericidal effect of polyaniline against Gram-positive bacteria has been verified. The antibacterial activity may result from the specific interaction with lipoteichoic acid to destroy the Gram-positive bacterial cell wall. Polyaniline and a macromolecular dopant (sulfonated hyaluronic acid) are used to construct a flexible hydrogel with skin-mimic electrical conductivity. The in vivo results demonstrate that electrical stimulation (ES) through this hydrogel is superior to ES via separated electrodes (the ES strategy used clinically) for promoting infected chronic wound healing.

15.
Front Plant Sci ; 12: 727882, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34691107

RESUMO

Salinity stress significantly affects the contents of bioactive constituents in licorice Glycyrrhiza uralensis. To elucidate the molecular mechanism underlying the difference in the accumulation of these constituents under sodium chloride (NaCl, salt) stress, licorice seedlings were treated with NaCl and then subjected to an integrated transcriptomic and metabolite profiling analysis. The transcriptomic analysis results identified 3,664 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) including transcription factor family MYB and basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH). Most DEGs were involved in flavonoid and terpenoid biosynthesis pathways. In addition, 121 compounds including a triterpenoid and five classes of flavonoids (isoflavone, flavone, flavanone, isoflavan, and chalcone) were identified, and their relative levels were compared between the stressed and control groups using data from the ultrafast liquid chromatography (UFLC)-triple quadrupole-time of flight-tandem mass spectrometry (TOF-MS/MS) analysis. Putative biosynthesis networks of the flavonoids and triterpenoids were created and combined with structural DEGs such as phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL), 4-coumarate-CoA ligase [4CL], cinnamate 4-hydroxylase [C4H], chalcone synthase [CHS], chalcone-flavanone isomerase [CHI], and flavonoid-3',5' hydroxylase (F3',5'H) for flavonoids, and CYP88D6 and CYP72A154 for glycyrrhizin biosynthesis. Notably, significant upregulation of UDP-glycosyltransferase genes (UGT) in salt-stressed licorice indicated that postmodification of glycosyltransferase may participate in downstream biosynthesis of flavonoid glycosides and triterpenoid saponins. Accordingly, the expression trend of the DEGs is positively correlated with the accumulation of glycosides. Our study findings indicate that key DEGs and crucial UGT genes co-regulate flavonoid and saponin biosynthesis in licorice under salt stress.

16.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 23(1): 261, 2021 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34654466

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Remitting seronegative symmetrical synovitis with pitting edema (RS3PE) is a rare inflammatory arthritis, with a higher incidence of malignancy. The aim of this study is to identify biomarkers for predicting malignancy in RS3PE. METHODS: A total of 51 patients with RS3PE from September 2007 to May 2019 were retrospectively reviewed and followed for up to 5 years, with 15 patients with osteoarthritis (OA) and 14 patients with elderly-onset rheumatoid arthritis (EORA) as disease controls. Serum levels of angiogenesis cytokines were measured by electrochemiluminescent immunoassay and Luminex Human Magnetic Assay. Clinical data and laboratory parameters were analyzed to identify risk factors for malignancy. RESULTS: A total of forty-eight RS3PE patients (94.1%) were available with follow-up data; 8 patients (16.7%) were diagnosed with malignancy, of which 6 patients were hematological tumor; and 2 patients were solid tumors. Serum levels of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) were exclusively higher in RS3PE patients with malignancy [14.21 (7.52, 23.18) ng/mL] than RS3PE patients without malignancy [4.32 (2.88, 7.42) ng/mL], OA [3.20 (2.20, 5.30) ng/mL], and EORA [3.20 (2.20, 5.30) ng/mL]. The optimal cut-off value of bFGF for malignancy was 10ng/mL in RS3PE. Logistic regression analysis indicated that elevation of bFGF was a risk factor for malignancy in RS3PE. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicated that bFGF was elevated in RS3PE patients with malignancy and could serve as a biomarker for predicting paraneoplastic RS3PE.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Neoplasias , Sinovite , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores , Estudos de Coortes , Edema , Fator 2 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sinovite/diagnóstico
17.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 711004, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34630086

RESUMO

Background: Shen-sui-tong-zhi formula (SSTZF) has been used to treat osteoporosis for decades and shows excellent clinical efficacy. This article aims to explore the optimal anti-osteoporotic ingredient and its precise mechanisms in mice models. Methods: In this study, we first screened the optimal anti-osteoporosis fraction of SSTZF extract in vivo, and then further explored the mechanism of its effects both in vivo and in vitro. Ten-week-old female C57BL/6J mice were administrated with each fraction of SSTZF. At 10 weeks after ovariectomy (OVX), femurs were collected for tissue analyses, including histology, micro-CT, biomechanical tests, and immunohistochemistry for ALP, FABP4, and ß-catenin. Additionally, we also evaluated the mRNA expression level of ALP and FABP4 and the protein expression level of ß-catenin after being treated with SSTZF extract in C3H10T1/2 cells. Moreover, we investigated the anti-osteoporosis effect of SSTZF extract on mice with ß-catenin conditional knockout in growth plate chondrocytes (ß-catenin Gli1ER mice) through µCT, histology, and immunohistochemistry analyzes. Results: At 10 weeks after treatment, osteoporosis-like phenotype were significantly ameliorated in SSTZF n-butanol extract (SSTZF-NB) group mice, as indicated by increased trabecular bone area and ALP content, and decreased lipid droplet area and FABP4 content. No such improvements were observed after being treated with other extracts, demonstrating that SSTZF-NB is the optimal anti-osteoporosis fraction. Additionally, the elevated ß-catenin was revealed in both OVX mice and C3H10T1/2 cells with SSTZF-NB administered. Furthermore, a significant osteoporosis-like phenotype was observed in ß-catenin Gli1ER mice as expected. However, SSTZF-NB failed to rescue the deterioration in ß-catenin Gli1ER mice, no significant re-upregulated ALP and downregulated FABP4 were observed after being treated with SSTZF-NB, demonstrating that SSTZF-NB prevents bone loss mainly via ß-catenin signaling. Conclusion: SSTZF-NB enhances osteogenesis mainly via activation of ß-catenin signaling in growth plate chondrocytes. SSTZF-NB is the optimal anti-osteoporosis fraction of SSTZF and it can be considered a salutary alternative therapeutic option for osteoporosis.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34582351

RESUMO

To date relatively few efforts have been made on the automatic generation of musical instrument playing animations. This problem is challenging due to the intrinsically complex, temporal relationship between music and human motion as well as the lacking of high quality music-playing motion datasets. In this paper, we propose a fully automatic, deep learning based framework to synthesize realistic upper body animations based on novel guzheng music input. Specifically, based on a recorded audiovisual motion capture dataset, we delicately design a generative adversarial network (GAN) based approach to capture the temporal relationship between the music and the human motion data. In this process, data augmentation is employed to improve the generalization of our approach to handle a variety of guzheng music inputs. Through extensive objective and subjective experiments, we show that our method can generate visually plausible guzheng-playing animations that are well synchronized with the input guzheng music, and it can significantly outperform \uline{the state-of-the-art} methods. In addition, through an ablation study, we validate the contributions of the carefully-designed modules in our framework.

19.
J Mater Chem B ; 9(38): 8138-8146, 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495024

RESUMO

Electrical stimulation (ES) via rigid electrodes near the wound is one of the promising approaches for chronic wound treatment, but it is unable to stimulate the whole wound area and treat infected wounds. In this study, a tough conductive hydrogel was prepared by the copolymerization of N-acryloyl glycinamide (NAGA) with quaternized chitosan-g-polyaniline (QCSP). The hydrogel showed a similar conductivity to the human skin and robust mechanical properties due to the dual hydrogen bonding motifs. The grafted polyaniline segments and functionalized quaternary ammonium groups showed intense antimicrobial activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus biofilms. The in vivo assay in diabetic rats proves that the ES via the conductive hydrogel was more effective in promoting the healing of infected wounds than the conventional ES via rigid electrodes. Due to the excellent flexibility and antibacterial properties, this conductive hydrogel shows great promise for infected chronic wound treatment.

20.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 678810, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34211396

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common disease characterized by cartilage degeneration. In recent years much attention has been paid to Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) since its treatments have shown efficacy for ameliorating cartilage degradation with mild side effects. Osteoking is a TCM prescription that has long been used in OA treatment. However, the exact mechanism of Osteoking are not fully elucidated. In the current study, destabilization of the medial meniscus (DMM)-induced OA mice was introduced as a wild type animal model. After 8 weeks of administration of Osteoking, histomorphometry, OARSI scoring, gait analysis, micro-CT, and immunohistochemical staining for Col2, MMP-13, TGFßRII and pSmad-2 were conducted to evaluate the chondroprotective effects of Osteoking in vivo. Further in vitro experiments were then performed to detect the effect of Osteoking on chondrocytes. TGFßRIICol2ER transgenic mice were constructed and introduced in the current study to validate whether Osteoking exerts its anti-OA effects via the TGF-ß signaling pathway. Results demonstrated that in wild type DMM mice, Osteoking ameliorated OA-phenotype including cartilage degradation, subchondral bone sclerosis, and gait abnormality. Col2, TGFßRII, and pSmad-2 expressions were also found to be up-regulated after Osteoking treatment, while MMP-13 was down-regulated. In vitro, the mRNA expression of MMP-13 and ADAMTS5 decreased and the mRNA expression of Aggrecan, COL2, and TGFßRII were up-regulated after the treatment of Osteoking in IL-1ß treated chondrocytes. The additional treatment of SB505124 counteracted the positive impact of Osteoking on primary chondrocytes. In TGFßRIICol2ER mice, spontaneous OA-liked phenotype was observed and treatment of Osteoking failed to reverse the OA spontaneous progression. In conclusion, Osteoking ameliorates OA progression by decelerating cartilage degradation and alleviating subchondral bone sclerosis partly via the TGF-ß signaling pathway.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...