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1.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 6(1): 329, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34471087

RESUMO

It's a challenge for detecting the therapeutic targets of a polypharmacological drug from variations in the responsed networks in the differentiated populations with complex diseases, as stable coronary heart disease. Here, in an adaptive, 31-center, randomized, double-blind trial involving 920 patients with moderate symptomatic stable angina treated by 14-day Danhong injection(DHI), a kind of polypharmacological drug with high quality control, or placebo (0.9% saline), with 76-day following-up, we firstly confirmed that DHI could increase the proportion of patients with clinically significant changes on angina-frequency assessed by Seattle Angina Questionnaire (ΔSAQ-AF ≥ 20) (12.78% at Day 30, 95% confidence interval [CI] 5.86-19.71%, P = 0.0003, 13.82% at Day 60, 95% CI 6.82-20.82%, P = 0.0001 and 8.95% at Day 90, 95% CI 2.06-15.85%, P = 0.01). We also found that there were no significant differences in new-onset major vascular events (P = 0.8502) and serious adverse events (P = 0.9105) between DHI and placebo. After performing the RNA sequencing in 62 selected patients, we developed a systemic modular approach to identify differentially expressed modules (DEMs) of DHI with the Zsummary value less than 0 compared with the control group, calculated by weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA), and sketched out the basic framework on a modular map with 25 functional modules targeted by DHI. Furthermore, the effective therapeutic module (ETM), defined as the highest correlation value with the phenotype alteration (ΔSAQ-AF, the change in SAQ-AF at Day 30 from baseline) calculated by WGCNA, was identified in the population with the best effect (ΔSAQ-AF ≥ 40), which is related to anticoagulation and regulation of cholesterol metabolism. We assessed the modular flexibility of this ETM using the global topological D value based on Euclidean distance, which is correlated with phenotype alteration (r2: 0.8204, P = 0.019) by linear regression. Our study identified the anti-angina therapeutic module in the effective population treated by the multi-target drug. Modular methods facilitate the discovery of network pharmacological mechanisms and the advancement of precision medicine. (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01681316).

2.
Biomedicines ; 9(5)2021 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33919019

RESUMO

Sanguinarine, a benzophenanthridine alkaloid, has been described to have an antiplatelet activity. However, its antithrombotic effect and the mechanism of platelet inhibition have not thoroughly been explored. The current study found that sanguinarine had an inhibitory effect on thrombus formation. This inhibitory effect was quite evident both in the flow-chamber assays as well as in a murine model of FeCl3-induced carotid artery thrombosis. Further investigations also revealed that sanguinarine inhibited the collagen-induced human platelet aggregation and granule release. At the same time, it also prevented platelet spreading and adhesion to immobilized fibrinogen. The molecular mechanisms of its antiplatelet activity were found to be as follows: 1. Reduced phosphorylation of the downstream signaling pathways in collagen specific receptor GPVI (Syk-PLCγ2 and PI3K-Akt-GSK3ß); 2. Inhibition of collagen-induced increase in the intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i); 3. Inhibition of integrin αIIbß3 outside-in signaling via reducing ß3 and Src (Tyr-416) phosphorylation. It can be concluded that sanguinarine inhibits collagen-induced platelet activation and reduces thrombus formation. This effect is mediated via inhibiting the phosphorylation of multiple components in the GPVI signaling pathway. Current data also indicate that sanguinarine can be of some clinical value to treat cardiovascular diseases involving an excess of platelet activation.

3.
Asian Pac J Trop Med ; 7(11): 884-8, 2014 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25441988

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the regulatory effects of RhoA/ROCK pathway on the apoptosis of cardiac myocyte induced by anoxia and its mechanism. METHODS: The model of cardiac myocyte anoxia was established. The beat pulsations and apoptosis rates after 1 h, 3 h, 6 h, 9 h and 12 h of anoxia were recorded and the expressions of RhoA, ROCK1/2, p-PI3K, p-AKT and caspae-3 were detected, too. The apoptosis and the expressions of related proteins were detected after RNAi of RhoA and the inhibition of ROCK by Y-27632. RESULTS: The beat pulsations after 1 h, 3 h, 6 h, 9 h and 12 h decreased gradually but the apoptosis rates increased gradually, and the expressions of RhoA, ROCK1/2, p-PI3K, p-AKT and caspase-3 were increasing along with the increasing duration of anoxia. The apoptotic rates after 1 h, 3 h, 6 h, 9 h and 12 h of anoxia were (4.360.98)%, (8.362.12)%, (15.323.62)%, (18.684.83)% and (24.566.22)%, respectively and decreased more significantly than control group in different time points of anoxia (P<0.05), and the expressions of RhoA, ROCK1/2, p-PI3K, p-AKT and caspase-3 decreased significantly (P<0.05). The apoptosis rate and the expressions of RhoA, ROCK1/2, p-PI3K, p-AKT and caspase-3 decreased significantly (P<0.05) after the inhibition of ROCK by Y-27632 (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: RhoA/ROCK pathway plays a critical role in the regulation of the apoptosis of cardiac myocyte induced by anoxia, which may be accompanied by regulating the activity of PI3K/AKT/Caspase-3 pathway.

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