Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 323
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Cell Physiol ; 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32012263

RESUMO

Trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) is produced from the phosphatidylcholine metabolism of gut flora and acts as a risk factor of cardiovascular disease. However, the underlying mechanisms for its proatherogenic action remain unclear. This study aimed to observe the effect of TMAO on endothelial cell pyroptosis and explore the underlying mechanisms. Our results showed that TMAO promoted the progression of atherosclerotic lesions in apolipoprotein E-deficient (apoE-/- ) mice fed a high-fat diet. Pyroptosis and succinate dehydrogenase complex subunit B (SDHB) upregulation were detected in the vascular endothelial cells of apoE-/- mice and in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) treated with TMAO. Overexpression of SDHB in HUVECs enhanced pyroptosis and impaired mitochondria and high reactive oxygen species (ROS) level. Pyroptosis in the SDHB overexpression of endothelial cells was inhibited by the ROS scavenger NAC. In summary, TMAO promotes vascular endothelial cell pyroptosis via ROS induced through SDHB upregulation, thereby contributing to the progression of atherosclerotic lesions.

2.
Curr Issues Mol Biol ; 37: 47-56, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31950916

RESUMO

Oral cancer has emerged as a global health problem due to its relatively high incidence and mortality. Human saliva as a diagnostic fluid can offer an easy, inexpensive, safe and non-invasive approach for disease detection. Direct contact between saliva and oral cancer lesions make detection of salivary biomarkers for oral cancer especially attractive. Proteins are important molecules involved in pathological processes of oral cancer growth, apoptosis and metastasis. Proteins such as hormones, antibodies, enzymes and cytokines in saliva secreted by oral cancer cells or by host cells not only provide comprehensive pathological information of oral cancer but also are considered potential targets for non-invasive screening of oral cancer. This article provides a review of potential salivary proteomic biomarkers in oral cancer screening.

3.
BMJ Open ; 10(1): e034290, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31911525

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Migraine is the second-leading cause of years lived with disability worldwide. The high prevalence of migraine-related emotional disorders is often overlooked. Acupuncture is often used to treat both migraine and emotional disorders. This systematic review protocol aims to analyse whether acupuncture is effective for treating emotional disorders in patients with migraine. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Nine databases will be searched from inception to may 2019: cochrane central register of controlled trials, medline, embase, allied and complementary medicine database, cinahl, china national knowledge infrastructure, chinese biomedical literature database, vip database and wanfang database. Randomised controlled trials (rcts) of acupuncture therapy for migraine with emotional functioning outcomes, which were reported in chinese or english, will be included. The primary outcome is the change in emotional functioning. Study selection, data extraction and assessment of the risk of bias will be performed independently by two or more reviewers. Revman software (v.5.3) will be used to perform the assessment of the risk of bias and data synthesis. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethics approval is not be needed because the data will not contain individual patient data, and there are no concerns about privacy. The results of this meta-analysis will be disseminated through publication in a peer-reviewed journal or relevant conference. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42019139433.

4.
Redox Biol ; 30: 101416, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31927409

RESUMO

GSTpi is a Phase II metabolic enzyme which is originally considered as an important facilitator of cellular detoxification. Here, we found that GSTpi stabilized VE-cadherin in endothelial cell membrane through inhibiting VE-cadherin phosphorylation and VE-cadherin/catenin complex dissociation, and consequently maintained endothelial barrier function. Our findings demonstrated a novel mechanism that GSTpi inhibited VE-cadherin phosphorylation through suppressing the activation of Src/VE-cadherin pathway. Mass spectrometry analysis and molecular docking showed that GSTpi enhanced Src S-glutathionylation at Cys185, Cys245, and Cys400 of Src. More important, we found that GSTpi promoted S-glutathionylation of Src was essential for GSTpi to inhibit Src phosphorylation and activation. Furthermore, in vivo experiments indicated that AAV-GSTpi exerted the protective effect on pulmonary vessel permeability in the animal model of acute lung injury. This study revealed a novel regulatory effect of GSTpi on vascular endothelial barrier function and the importance of S-glutathionylation of Src induced by GSTpi in the activation of Src/VE-cadherin pathway.

5.
Endocrine ; 2020 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31900793

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of combination therapy with sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) or obese adults. METHODS: A meta-analysis was conducted of trials by searching in PubMed, Embase, CENTRAL, Web of Science, and Scopus. RESULTS: A total of five randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and six nonrandomized controlled trials (NCTs) enrolled 1604 participants were identified for meta-analysis. Compared with control/placebo, the combination therapy group had significantly reduced fasting plasma glucose level and 2 h postprandial glucose by 1.28 mmol/L (95% confidence interval [CI]: -1.39, -1.16; p < 0.001) and 1.34 mmol/L (95% CI: -1.47, -1.21; p < 0.001); glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) by 1.32% (95% CI: -1.43, -1.20; p < 0.001); body weight by 0.93 kg (95% CI: -1.04, -0.83; p < 0.001), and systolic blood pressure (SBP) by 1.05 mmHg (95% CI: -1.17, -0.93; p < 0.001). The incidence of genital mycotic infections and urinary infections did not significantly differ from those in the control group, with relative risks (RRs) of 1.67 (95% CI: 0.85, 3.27; p = 0.651) and 1.25 (95% CI: 0.73, 2.15; p = 0.905), respectively. A decreased incidence of cardiovascular events was seen in the combination therapy group (RR = 0.19; 95% CI: 0.04, 0.96; p = 0.403), while an incidence of hypoglycemia was reported (RR = 2.22; 95% CI: 1.20, 4.10; p = 0.71). CONCLUSIONS: SGLT2 inhibitors and GLP-1 agonists combination treatment improved glycemic control, reduced body weight, and decreased SBP without an increase in total adverse events or genital and urinary infections in patients with T2DM or obesity.

6.
Int J Pharm ; 577: 119071, 2020 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31991184

RESUMO

Gating modifier toxins (GMTs) from animal venom have shown great potential in controlling blood glucose levels in type II diabetes (T2D), but their high acute toxicity and quick clearance in the body hamper their potential therapeutic use. Inspired by their highly positive charge, we have developed a nanocomplex system based on polyelectrolytes, in which strong interactions form between positively charged GMTs and negatively charged dextran sulfate (DS). Using melittin as a model GMT and adapting flash nanocomplexation (FNC) technology for complex preparation, uniform nanocomplexes (polydispersity index: ~0.1) with high melittin encapsulation efficiency (~100%), high payload capacity (~30%), and tunable release profiles were formulated. In contrast to the high acute liver toxicity and low survival rate (60% after 8 days) observed after a single intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of 3 mg/kg free melittin, melittin-loaded nanocomplexes displayed improved safety (100% survival after 8 days) due to prolonged melittin release. In a mouse model of T2D, a single i.p. injection of nanocomplexes decreased the blood glucose level to 12 mmol/L within 12 h and maintained it within the therapeutic range (<15 mmol/L) for 48 h. In addition, body weight decreased following treatment. This GMT/DS binary system shows great promise due to its simple components, facile preparation method, and enhanced potential druggability, including a decreased dosing frequency, decreased acute toxicity, and improved pathological indicators.

7.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 78: 105953, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784401

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis(OA) is one of the most common diseases in orthopedics. It is characterized by degeneration of articular cartilage and chronic inflammation. In this study, we aim to elucidate the mechanism of Loureirin A's therapeutic effect in OA progression. In vitro, Loureirin A pretreatment can significantly inhibit production of NO, PGE2, COX-2, TNF-α, iNOS andIL-6 induced by IL-1ß in mouse articular chondrocytes. Moreover, Loureirin A suppressed the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9(MMP-9), which leads to degradation of the extracellular matrix. The degradation of aggrecan and type II collagen protein in the extracellular matrix (ECM) stimulated by IL-1ß was reversed. For signal pathway research, Loureirin A dramatically inhibited the phosphorylation of AKT and subsequent NF-κB entering into the nucleus caused by IL-1ß in chondrocytes. Besides, a number of related indicators suggested that Loureirin A has a strong antioxidant activity in the treatment of osteoarthritis via increasing content of SOD2 and suppressing MDA and ROS. In addition, in vivo study demonstrated that Loureirin A could ameliorated the progression of OA in mice DMM model In conclusion, all results showed that Loureirin A may be a potential therapeutic candidate for the OA.

8.
Int J Biochem Cell Biol ; 119: 105666, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31830533

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: LncRNA ANRIL (antisense non-coding RNA in the INK4 locus) was highly expressed in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients to promote AML pathogenesis. In this study, we aimed to investigate the roles and molecular events of ANRIL associated with AML progression. METHODS: Expression patterns of ANRIL and miR-34a in the bone marrow (BM) samples and cell lines were determined using qRT-PCR. Cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion of cells with ANRIL knockdown or miR-34a overexpression were assessed by CCK-8, EdU staining, flow cytometry and Transwell assays, respectively. The dual-luciferase reporter assay was employed to validate the relationship between miR-34a and Histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1). The binding of E2 F1 (E2 F transcription factor 1) with gene promoter was analyzed by ChIP. Furthermore, the tumorigenicity of AML was determined by xenograft transplantation in nude mice. RESULTS: ANRIL was up-regulated both in the BM samples from AML patients and cell lines (HL-60 and THP-1), of which expression was negatively correlated with miR-34a expression. ANRIL knockdown inhibited cell proliferation, migration and invasion but promoted apoptosis of AML cells, while overexpression of miR-34a exerted opposite effects. miR-34a was verified as a downstream gene targeted by ANRIL. Moreover, HDAC1 was a direct target of miR-34a, and HDAC1 overexpression impaired the recruitment of E2 F1 to ASPP2 (apoptosis stimulating proteins of p53) gene promoter. ANRIL knockdown significantly inhibited the tumorigenesis of AML. CONCLUSION: ANRIL promotes AML development through HDAC1-mediated epigenetic suppression of ASPP2 via negatively regulating miR-34a, which might serve as a therapeutic target for AML treatment.

9.
Theor Appl Genet ; 133(3): 771-783, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31844964

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: A candidate branching-controlling gene for qDBA09 was identified after delimiting a Brassica napus recessive locus within a 270-kb interval on chromosome A09. Although branching is an important trait associated with the adaptation and yield potential of rapeseed (Brassica napus), the genetic mechanisms underlining branching in this crop remain poorly understood. In this study, we characterized a naturally occurring rapeseed mutant, db1, which showed an ultrahigh branching density phenotype. By combining bulked segregant analysis (BSA) and the Brassica 60K SNP BeadChip Array, we identified two major quantitative trait loci (QTLs), qDBA09 and qDBC06, which were subsequently confirmed using the traditional QTL-mapping approach. Analysis of 208 individuals from a BC1F3 population indicated that the qDBA09 locus is a single Mendelian factor and that the dense branching phenotype is controlled by a single recessive gene. Furthermore, QTL analysis confirmed that qDBA09 explained between 9.5 and 70.5% of the variation in branching-related traits. Using 7785 individuals from the BC1F3 population, we mapped qDBA09 to a DNA fragment of approximately 270 kb in length that contained 27 predicted genes, three of which were identified as potentially involved in the control of the dense branching trait. Based on the reported function of these genes, together with sequence comparisons and co-segregation analysis, we identified a potential candidate gene for the qDBA09 locus. The present findings lay the foundations for further in-depth research on the branching mechanisms of B. napus.

10.
Pediatr Res ; 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31791043

RESUMO

BACKGROUD: Urinary tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2), insulin-like growth factor binding protein-7 (IGFBP-7) and the combination of TIMP-2 and IGFBP-7 ([TIMP-2]•[IGFBP7]) are proposed to be predictive biomarkers for acute kidney injury (AKI). The intention of our study was to determine whether there is any significant predictive value of these biomarkers for the occurrence of AKI and severe AKI in critically ill neonates. METHODS: Urinary samples were serially collected in 237 neonates during neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) stay for measurements of TIMP-2 and IGFBP-7 in this prospective study. AKI diagnosis was based on KDIGO classification without urine output or serum creatinine >1.2 mg/dL. RESULTS: Twenty neonates developed AKI, including 11 with KDIGO stage 1, defined as mild AKI, and 9 with stages 2 and 3, defined as severe AKI. Urinary IGFBP-7 and [TIMP-2]•[IGFBP7] remained associated with AKI after adjustment for gestational age, gender and illness severity. Urinary [TIMP-2]•[IGFBP7] achieved an AUC of 0.71 (P = 0.034) and displayed a sensitivity of 88.9% and a specificity of 50.9% for discriminating severe AKI at the optimal cut-off value of 0.045. CONCLUSION: The combination of TIMP-2 and IGFBP-7 had independent discriminative value for severe AKI in critically ill neonates.

11.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 9193236, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31828146

RESUMO

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a chronic metabolic disease that is associated with obesity and adipose tissue dysfunction. This study aimed to explore the roles of Dicer (an enzyme that processes primary microRNAs) and microRNAs in PCOS. Protein levels were detected by western blotting, and mRNA and microRNA levels were detected by RT-PCR. Dicer-deficient pre-adipocytes were established by lentiviral transfection, and an miR-223 mimic and miR-223 inhibitor were used to overexpress and inhibit miR-223, respectively. 3T3-L1 cells were induced to differentiate into mature adipocytes by IBMX, insulin, and dexamethasone. The degree of differentiation was determined by oil red O staining. An insulin resistance model was established by exposing mature adipocytes to excessive glucose and insulin. The protein levels of Dicer and Ago2 in adipose tissues of PCOS patients were significantly lower than those in control females. A Dicer-deficient 3T3-L1 cell model was successfully established, whose proliferation was inhibited significantly. Insulin-resistant mature adipocytes expressed significantly less Dicer protein than control cells. The differentiation of Dicer-deficient 3T3-L1 cells and their expression of miR-223 and marker genes associated with adipose differentiation were reduced significantly. Furthermore, 3T3-L1 cells showed a weaker ability to develop into mature adipocytes when miR-223 expression was inhibited. An miR-223 mimic was used to recover the differentiation block induced by Dicer deficiency. This rescued the expression of genes associated with adipose differentiation, although the differentiation block was not efficiently rescued. It is concluded that insulin resistance may contribute to the decreased levels of Dicer protein in adipose tissue of PCOS patients. This suggests that dysfunction of Dicer plays a significant role in obesity of PCOS patients. miR-223 is a key factor in Dicer-regulated adipose differentiation, and other microRNAs may be involved in the process.

12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e18329, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860984

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hemifacial spasm (HFS) brings a lot of trouble to patients' daily life, having a severe influence on the psychological and physical wellbeing of patients. Relevant researches suggested that acupuncture therapy has potential benefits for HFS. However, there is no consistent conclusion. The purpose of our study is to assess whether acupuncture therapy is effective and safe for HFS. METHODS: To collect relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs), the following electronic databases will be searched: Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, MEDLINE, ISI Web of Knowledge, PsycINFO, Allied and Alternative Medieine, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang data, and Chinese Scientific Journals Database. We will take the cure rate and the total effective rate as the primary outcomes, and change in intensity after treatment, change in frequency after treatment, the recurrence rate, and adverse events as secondary outcomes. Endnote software 9.1 will be used for study selection, Review Manager software 5.3, and STATA 13.0 software will be used for analysis and synthesis. RESULTS: Current relevant studies will be synthesized to assess whether acupuncture therapy is effective and safe for HFS. CONCLUSION: Our research will provide evidence of acupuncture therapy for HFS. REGISTRATION: International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO) CRD42019142473.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Espasmo Hemifacial/terapia , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto
13.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 37(6): 577-582, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31875433

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of protein kinase D1 (PKD1) on the growth and metabolism of oral squamous cell carcinoma HSC-4 cells and related molecular mechanisms in the tumor microenvironment. METHODS: HSC-4 cell lines were transfected with shRNA plasmids. Three groups (Wild, control-shRNA, and PKD1-shRNA) were cultured under acidic or hypoxic environment for a certain time. Western blot was used to detect the expression of autophagy-related and glycolytic-related proteins. The proliferation changes were detected by CCK-8 kits. RESULTS: The PKD1-knockdown HSC-4 cell line was established. PKD1 silencing increased autophagy activity. Under hypoxic and acidic conditions, the PKD1-knockdown HSC-4 cells showed lower proliferation than the parental cells. PKD1-knockdown also decreased the expression of hypoxia induciblefactor 1α (HIF-1α) and pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2). CONCLUSIONS: Under hypoxic and acidic conditions, PKD1 gene silencing can increase apoptotic autophagy activity. Downregulated PKD1 gene expression can reduce the glycolysis of oral squamous cell carcinoma cells and inhibit tumor cell proliferation. This study revealed the important role of PKD1 in the metabolism and growth of oral squamous cell carcinoma, making it a possible target for the treatment of oral squamous cell carcinoma.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Bucais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia , Proteínas Quinases , Microambiente Tumoral
14.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 37(6): 583-588, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31875434

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the role of protein kinase D (PKD)1 in regulating the growth, apop-tosis, and drug sensitivity of the squamous carcinoma cell line SCC-25. METHODS: The SCC-25 cell line was transfected with either the control-shRNA or PKD1-shRNA plasmids. The stable transfected cells were selected, and the efficiency of PKD1 knockdown was detected by Western blot. The growth and apoptosis of SCC-25 were analyzed with a cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) and flow cytometry. The 50% inhibitory concentrations (IC50) of paclitaxel in the control and PKD1 knockdown cell lines were detected by CCK-8. The expression levels of Bax, Bcl-2, and P-gp were detected by Western blot. RESULTS: PKD1 was constitutively expressed and phosphorylated in various cancer cell lines. Inhibiting the expression of PKD1 in SCC-25 cells by RNA interference could inhibit the growth and promote the apoptosis of SCC-25 cells via downregulating Bcl-2 expression. Additionally, inhibiting PKD1 expression could downregulate the expression of P-gp, thereby decreasing both the IC50 and resistance index of paclitaxel. CONCLUSIONS: PKD1 plays an important role in regulating the biobehavior of SCC-25. It is a potential therapeutic target for oral squamous carcinoma.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Bucais , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Humanos
15.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2019: 7536803, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31781348

RESUMO

Zileuton has been demonstrated to be an anti-inflammatory agent due to its well-known ability to inhibit 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX). However, the effects of zileuton on cardiac remodeling are unclear. In this study, the effects of zileuton on pressure overload-induced cardiac remodeling were investigated and the possible mechanisms were examined. Aortic banding was performed on mice to induce a cardiac remodeling model, and the mice were then treated with zileuton 1 week after surgery. We also stimulated neonatal rat cardiomyocytes with phenylephrine (PE) and then treated them with zileuton. Our data indicated that zileuton protected mice from pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy, fibrosis, and oxidative stress. Zileuton also attenuated PE-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Mechanistically, we found that zileuton activated PPARα, but not PPARγ or PPARθ, thus inducing Keap and NRF2 activation. This was confirmed with the PPARα inhibitor GW7647 and NRF2 siRNA, which abolished the protective effects of zileuton on cardiomyocytes. Moreover, PPARα knockdown abolished the anticardiac remodeling effects of zileuton in vivo. Taken together, our data indicate that zileuton protects against pressure overload-induced cardiac remodeling by activating PPARα/NRF2 signaling.

16.
J Dermatolog Treat ; : 1-4, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31682473

RESUMO

Objective: Evaluating the serum level of IL-35, IL-36γ and CCL27 cytokines expression in patients with psoriasis and to explore their correlation with disease severity. To explore the role of these cytokines in the pathogenesis of psoriasis vulgaris and to guide clinical practice.Methods: Thirty patients with psoriasis vulgaris (PV) were treated with routine drug treatment for7 weeks, and 30 healthy controls were used as control group. Peripheral blood of the PV group before and after treatment and control group were detected by double-antibody sandwich ELISA. The expression levels of IL-35, IL-36γ and CCL27 in peripheral blood were analyzed statistically.Results: The expression of IL-35 in the peripheral blood of the pre-PV group (187.54 ± 172.41) was significantly lower than that of the control group (310.52 ± 174.22) and the PV treatment group (417.75 ± 47.07). The level of IL-36γ in peripheral blood of pre-PV group (295.11 ± 27.91) was higher than that of control group (155.40 ± 45.66) and PV treatment group (209.86 ± 27.91). The level of CCL27 in peripheral blood of patients pre-PV treatment (479.06 ± 285.80) was significantly higher than that of the control group (341.53 ± 98.72) and the group after PV treatment (316.56 ± 245.53). There was a negative correlation between IL-35 and IL-36γ levels in serum (r= -0.826, p < .001); IL-36γ was positively correlated with CCL27 level (r = 0.906, p < .001); IL-35 and CCL27 levels were negative correlation (r= -0.810, p < .001).Conclusion: IL-36γ and CCL27 may be involved in the pathogenesis of psoriasis as a pro-inflammatory factor. IL-35 may be involved in the pathogenesis of psoriasis as an anti-inflammatory factor.

17.
J Bone Oncol ; 19: 100260, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31667061

RESUMO

Background: Malignant giant cell tumor of bone (MGCTB) is extremely rare. Currently, population-based prognosis studies are lacking. This study aimed to determine the impact of demographics, tumor characteristics, and treatment on prognosis among patients with MGCTB. Methods: The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database was used to identify patients with MGCTB from 1984 to 2013. Kaplan-Meier analyses were performed to determine the overall survival (OS). Univariable and multivariable Cox analyses were conducted to identify prognostic factors. Results: There were 250 patients with MGCTB included in our study. The multivariate Cox analysis revealed that age at diagnosis (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.09; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.07-1.11; P < 0.001), tumor size (HR: 7.04; 95% CI: 2.38-20.77; P < 0.001), tumor extension (regional vs. localized, HR: 2.64; 95% CI: 1.10-6.34; P = 0.030; distant vs. localized, HR: 6.12; 95% CI: 2.27-16.49; P < 0.001), and radiotherapy (HR: 0.41; 95% CI: 0.18-0.89; P = 0.025) were independent risk factors of OS in patients with MGCTB. Notably, tumor site (HR: 1.98; 95% CI: 0.99-4.00; P = 0.055) exhibited borderline significance. Additionally, we found that patients with tumors measuring >70 mm (P = 0.015), located in the axial skeleton (P < 0.001) and presented with distant metastasis (P < 0.001) tended to receive radiotherapy. Moreover, a nomogram model integrating independent predictors was established to estimate the OS of patients with MGCTB. Conclusion: This study provides a population-based assessment of the largest number of patients with MGCTB. We found that older age, larger tumor size, regional or distant metastasis, and lack of radiotherapy was associated with poor OS. Surgical methods were not significantly associated with OS. Furthermore, we built a high-quality nomogram to predict 1-, 3-, and 5-year OS for patients with MGCTB. These findings may assist in the clinical diagnosis and treatment of MGCTB.

18.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 20(1): 544, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31684876

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Infections by RNA viruses such as Influenza, HIV still pose a serious threat to human health despite extensive research on viral diseases. One challenge for producing effective prevention and treatment strategies is high intra-species genetic diversity. As different strains may have different biological properties, characterizing the genetic diversity is thus important to vaccine and drug design. Next-generation sequencing technology enables comprehensive characterization of both known and novel strains and has been widely adopted for sequencing viral populations. However, genome-scale reconstruction of haplotypes is still a challenging problem. In particular, haplotype assembly programs often produce contigs rather than full genomes. As a mutation in one gene can mask the phenotypic effects of a mutation at another locus, clustering these contigs into genome-scale haplotypes is still needed. RESULTS: We developed a contig binning tool, VirBin, which clusters contigs into different groups so that each group represents a haplotype. Commonly used features based on sequence composition and contig coverage cannot effectively distinguish viral haplotypes because of their high sequence similarity and heterogeneous sequencing coverage for RNA viruses. VirBin applied prototype-based clustering to cluster regions that are more likely to contain mutations specific to a haplotype. The tool was tested on multiple simulated sequencing data with different haplotype abundance distributions and contig sizes, and also on mock quasispecies sequencing data. The benchmark results with other contig binning tools demonstrated the superior sensitivity and precision of VirBin in contig binning for viral haplotype reconstruction. CONCLUSIONS: In this work, we presented VirBin, a new contig binning tool for distinguishing contigs from different viral haplotypes with high sequence similarity. It competes favorably with other tools on viral contig binning. The source codes are available at: https://github.com/chjiao/VirBin .


Assuntos
Biologia Computacional/métodos , Vírus de RNA/genética , Algoritmos , Genoma Viral , Haplótipos , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Infecções por Vírus de RNA/virologia , Vírus de RNA/classificação , Vírus de RNA/isolamento & purificação , Software
19.
Ann Transl Med ; 7(18): 494, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31700930

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been key regulators of gene expression in innate and adaptive immunity. Although lncRNAs have been reported to be associated with some diseases, its expression and function in diseases related to inflammation and immunity are still unknown. We reviewed how lncRNA regulated transcription and controlled the function and balance of the cells in the immune response. In addition, we discussed the impacts and challenges of lncRNAs on immunity in diseases.

20.
Exp Ther Med ; 18(6): 4436-4442, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31777547

RESUMO

Efficacy of levetiracetam (LEV) combined with sodium valproate (SV) on pediatric epilepsy and its effect on serum miR-106b in children were investigated. One hundred and twenty children with epilepsy in Xuzhou Children's Hospital from July 2015 to July 2017 were enrolled, and divided into control group (n=60) and observation group (n=60) according to random sampling. Additionally, 100 children undergoing normal physical examination were collected as normal group. Patients in the control group were treated with SV, and patients in the observation group were treated with SV and LEV. RT-qPCR was used for detecting the relative expression of serum miR-106b in children. The clinical efficacy was evaluated. After treatment, the relative expression of serum miR-106b in the control group was significantly higher than that in the observation group (P<0.05). The difference in the control group was smaller than that in the observation group (P<0.05). According to the ROC curve analysis, when the cut-off value was 1.442, the sensitivity, specificity and area under curve (AUC) of miR-106b in the diagnosis of pediatric epilepsy were 94.00, 64.17 and 0.833 respectively. The clinical efficacy in the observation group was significantly better than that in the control group (P<0.05). Spearman's test showed that the expression of miR-106b gradually decreased with the continuous improvement of the clinical efficacy (P<0.05). The AUC of miR-106b was 0.833, 95% CI: 0.779 to 0.887, the cut-off was 1.442. LEV combined with SV is effective in the treatment of children with epilepsy, and does not increase the clinical ADR. The expression of serum miR-106b in children can be used as a clinical prognostic indicator and a potential diagnostic indicator.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA