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1.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 30(5): 105643, 2021 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33631473

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess whether the Population, Hypertension, Age, Size, Earlier Subarachnoid Hemorrhage, Site (PHASES) score can do risk stratification of patients with multiple aneurysms (MIAs). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients between January 1, 2016 and January 1, 2019 were recruited retrospectively. The PHASES score was applied to assess the theoretical risk of IA rupture. For patients-level analyses, four modes of the application of the score were used: largest IA PHASES score, highest PHASES score, sum PHASES score, and mean PHASES score. RESULTS: A total of 701 patients with 1673 IAs were included in this study. At aneurysm-level analysis, the average PHASES score was 3.0 ± 3.0 points, with 2.8 ± 3.0 points and 4.1 ± 2.9 points in the unruptured and ruptured groups, respectively (p < 0.001). At the patient-level analysis, for the largest IA PHASES score, the areas under the curves (AUC) was 0.572. The discrimination performance of the largest IA PHASES score decreases as IA number increases, with AUCs were 0.597, 0.518, and 0.450 in the 2 IAs, 3 IAs and, 4 or more IAs subgroups, respectively. For highest PHASES score, sum PHASES score, and mean PHASES score, the AUCs were 0.577, 0.599, and 0.619, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, PHASES score only serve as a weak tool in decision-making settings for MIAs patients; as such, more accurate models should be developed for MIAs patients and the cumulative effect of MIA may should be considered.

2.
Acad Radiol ; 2020 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33288399

RESUMO

PURPOSE: With an increasing number of patients being treated by coiling for aneurysms, using computed tomographic angiography (CTA) or magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) as an initial screening test becomes less important because digital subtraction angiography (DSA) is the first step of endovascular treatment procedure. The objective of this study is to investigate whether CTA or MRA remained to be the optimal screening strategy in patients with spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). METHODS: CTA, MRA, and DSA strategy were evaluated in a decision tree model created with TreeAge Pro Suite 2011. Input parameters were derived from published literature and our institutional database. Base case and sensitivity analyses were conducted to assess the cost-effectiveness of each strategy. A Monte Carlo simulation was performed with all parameters ranged among their distributions to evaluate the validation of results. RESULTS: The base case scenario showed that MRA was the most cost-effective strategy. Using a willingness-to-pay threshold of ¥70,892/quality adjusted life year, MRA remained to be most cost-effective when its sensitivity is >0.907. DSA was not cost-effective compared to CTA or MRA unless over 91.56% of patients were treated by coiling. The Monte Carlo simulation reported DSA not to be a cost-effective strategy at willingness-to-pay of ¥70,892 in 99.99% of the iterations. CONCLUSION: DSA is not cost-effective compared to CTA or MRA and should not be used as the initial diagnostic tool for spontaneous SAH.

3.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4531-4536, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32614764

RESUMO

A Gram-staining-negative bacterium, designated 345S023T, was isolated from a sea water sample from the Indian Ocean. The results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that 345S023T represents a member of the genus Alteromonas, with closely related type strains Alteromonas fortis 1T (98.7 %), Alteromonas hispanica F-32T (98.6 %) and Alteromonas genovensis LMG 24078T (98.6 %). Up-to-date bacterial core gene set analysis revealed that 345S023T formed a phyletic lineage with Alteromonas australica H 17T. The case for 345S023T representing a novel species was supported by genomic results. Pairwise in silico DNA-DNA hybridization and average nucleotide identity values were much lower than the proposed and generally accepted species boundaries. Strain 345S023T contains ubiquinone-8 (Q-8) as the sole isoprenoid quinone, summed featured 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c), C16 : 0 and C18 : 1ω7c as the dominant cellular fatty acids (>10 %), and phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine as the major polar lipids. The genome of strain 345S023T consisted of a 4.4 Mb chromosome with a DNA G+C content of 44.4 %. On the basis of these genomic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic characteristics, we propose a novel species: Alteromonas profundi sp. nov. The type strain is 345S023T(=JCM 33893T=MCCC 1K04570T).


Assuntos
Alteromonas/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alteromonas/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Oceano Índico , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
4.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(6): 3839-3844, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32496184

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative bacterium, designated strain 501str8T, was isolated from a sediment sample collected from the East Pacific Ocean. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that strain 501str8T belonged to the genus Muricauda, with closely related type strains Muricauda aquimarina SW-63T (98.5 %), Muricauda lutimaris SMK-108T (98.3 %) and Muricauda ruestringensis B1T (97.9 %). Up-to-date bacterial core gene set analysis revealed that strain 501str8T represented one independent lineage with M. aquimarina SW-63T. The average nucleotide identity values of strain 501str8T with M. aquimarina SW-63T and M. lutimaris SMK-108T were 80.2 and 81.3 %, respectively. In silico DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain 501str8T and M. aquimarina SW-63T and M. lutimaris SMK-108T were 22.8 and 32.9 %, respectively. The predominant isoprenoid quinone was menaquinone-6, and iso-C15 : 0, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and iso-C15 : 1 G were the dominant cellular fatty acids. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 42.8 mol%. Differential phylogenetic distinctiveness and chemotaxonomic differences, together with the phenotypic properties observed in this study, revealed that strain 501str8T could be differentiated from closely related species. Therefore, we propose that strain 501str8T represents a novel species of the genus Muricauda, for which the name Muricauda oceani sp. nov. is suggested. The type strain is 501str8T (=JCM 33902T=MCCC 1K04567T).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Oceano Pacífico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
5.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(7): 4345-4350, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32584750

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative bacterium, designated strain 40Bstr34T, isolated from a sediment sample from the West Pacific Ocean, was taxonomically characterized by using a polyphasic approach. The strain was phylogenetically close to Jiella aquimaris LZB041T and Jiella endophytica CBS5Q-3T, with 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities of 98.5 and 97.1 %, respectively. The genome of strain 40Bstr34T featured a G+C content of 65.7 % for a 5.8 Mb chromosome. Up-to-date bacterial core gene set analysis revealed that strain 40Bstr34T represents one independent lineage with J.aquimaris LZB041T. In silico DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain 40Bstr34T and its phylogenetic neighbours ranged from 30.3-34.2 %, below the cutoff of 70 %. In addition, the corresponding average nucleotide identity values were between 81.8-83.7 %, which are lower than 95 % threshold. The predominant cellular fatty acids of strain 40Bstr34T were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω6c and/or C18 : 1 ω7c), cyclo-C19 : 0 ω8c and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH, and ubiquinone-10 as the predominant respiratory quinone. The major polar lipids included phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, two unidentified aminolipids and two unidentified lipids. Based on the results of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genetic analyses, strain 40Bstr34T is identified as representing a novel species of the genus Jiella for which the name Jiella pacifica sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 40Bstr34T (=JCM 33903T=MCCC 1K04569T).


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Oceano Pacífico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
6.
Auton Neurosci ; 225: 102643, 2020 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32097879

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity (PSH) is a rare complication of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH).We aimed to evaluate the risk factors and clinical features for PSH after ICH. METHODS: From January 1, 2013 to April 1, 2018, patients with ICH were consecutively included in this observational study. Baseline characteristics were compared in patients with and without PSH. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the risk factors associated with PSH development. Clinical features of patients with PSH were also analyzed. RESULTS: There were 548 patients with ICH included and a total of 15 (2.7%) patients were identified with PSH. In univariate analysis, PSH development was associated with the following: previous hemorrhagic stroke, pupils abnormity, admission Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score, hematoma volume, liver function abnormity, neutrophil count and early tracheostomy. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that a significantly increased risk of PSH was found in patients with previous hemorrhagic stroke (odds ratio [OR], 4.176; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.111-15.698), admission GCS score (OR, 0.703; 95% CI, 0.548-0.902) and early tracheostomy (OR, 8.317; 95%CI, 1.755-39.412).The most common symptoms of PSH were hyperthermia (80%) and hyperhidrosis (80%).The median Intensive Care Unit stays and Glasgow Outcome Scale at discharge were 34 (19-46) and 2 (1.5-3), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: PSH is characterized by a cluster of symptoms and abnormal vital signs, which may lead to poor outcomes in ICH. The present study suggests that previous hemorrhagic stroke, admission GCS score and early tracheostomy may be the significant risk factors for PSH after ICH.

7.
J Neurosci Res ; 98(7): 1485-1497, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32052488

RESUMO

With high morbidity and mortality worldwide, injuries to the central nervous system (CNS) usually result in devastating consequences. However, the underlying mechanisms have not been fully understood and current therapies are still limited. Circular RNA (circRNA) is a novel type of endogenous noncoding RNAs, characterized by covalently closed annular structure. It is gradually recognized that circRNAs are involved in multiple biological processes, such as acting as microRNA sponges or scaffolds during the assembly of protein complex and modulating the transcription of certain genes. Interestingly, circRNAs have been found to be highly expressed in the CNS, which indicates their neurospecificity. Several circRNAs have already been discovered to be associated with multiple pathophysiological processes following neurological diseases. Currently, the molecular roles of circRNAs in CNS injuries have gained increasing attention, leading to uninterrupted relevant researches. Herein, we presented a review of current studies on the role of circRNAs in CNS injuries. The therapeutic potency of circRNAs in CNS injuries was also analyzed.

8.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(1): 340-345, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596199

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative bacterium, designated IO390501T, was isolated from a sea water sample from the Indian Ocean and taxonomically characterized using a polyphasic approach. The strain is phylogenetically close to 'Devosia lucknowensis' L15 and Devosia chinhatensis IPL18T, with 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 97.7 and 97.4 %, respectively. The genome of IO390501T has a DNA G+C content of 61.9 mol% for the 3.9 Mb chromosome. Genome-based phylogenetic trees indicated that IO390501T clusters as an independent lineage with 'D. lucknowensis' L15. Genomic relatedness of in silico DNA-DNA hybridization between IO390501T and phylogenetic neighbours ranged from 18.8 to 21.5 %, below the cutoff of 70 %, and corresponding average nucleotide identity values were between 71.4 and 79.0 %, lower than the 95.0 % threshold. The predominant cellular fatty acids of IO390501T are summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c/C18  : 1ω6c) and C16  :  0. IO390501T contains ubiquinone-10 as the sole respiratory quinone, and phosphatidylglycerol and glycolipids as the major polar lipids. On the basis of the results of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genetic analyses, strain IO390501T represents a novel species of the genus Devosia for which the name Devosia indica sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is IO390501T.


Assuntos
Hyphomicrobiaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Microbiologia da Água , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Hyphomicrobiaceae/isolamento & purificação , Oceano Índico , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
9.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 3467121, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31737660

RESUMO

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a highly debilitating disease and is increasingly being recognized as an important global health priority. However, the mechanisms underlying SCI have not yet been fully elucidated, and effective therapies for SCI are lacking. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), which form a major class of noncoding RNAs, have emerged as novel targets for regulating several physiological functions and mediating numerous neurological diseases. Notably, gene expression profile analyses have demonstrated aberrant changes in lncRNA expression in rats or mice after traumatic or nontraumatic SCI. LncRNAs have been shown to be associated with multiple pathophysiological processes following SCI including inflammation, neural apoptosis, and oxidative stress. They also play a crucial role in the complications associated with SCI, such as neuropathic pain. At the same time, some lncRNAs have been found to be therapeutic targets for neural stem cell transplantation and hydrogen sulfide treatment aimed at alleviating SCI. Therefore, lncRNAs could be promising biomarkers for the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of SCI. However, further researches are required to clarify the therapeutic effects of lncRNAs on SCI and the mechanisms underlying these effects. In this study, we reviewed the current progress of the studies on the involvement of lncRNAs in SCI, with the aim of drawing attention towards their roles in this debilitating condition.


Assuntos
Inflamação/genética , Neuralgia/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/genética , Apoptose/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Inflamação/complicações , Inflamação/fisiopatologia , Neuralgia/complicações , Neuralgia/fisiopatologia , Estresse Oxidativo/genética , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/complicações , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/fisiopatologia , Transcriptoma
10.
Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat ; 15: 1671-1677, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31303755

RESUMO

Traumatic brain injury (TBI), a mainly lethal and highly debilitating condition, is increasing worldwide. However, the underlying mechanism has not been fully elucidated and effective therapy is needed. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), which form a major class of noncoding RNAs, have emerged as novel targets for regulating physiological functions and mediating numerous neurological diseases. Notably, gene expression profile analyses have demonstrated aberrant changes in lncRNA expression in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus of rats, mice and human after TBI. lncRNAs may be associated with multiple pathophysiological processes following TBI and might play a crucial role in complications of TBI, such as traumatic optic neuropathy due to the regulation of specific signaling pathways. Some lncRNAs have also been found to be therapeutic targets for motor and cognitive recovery after TBI. lncRNAs may be promising biomarkers for TBI diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis prediction. However, further research isneeded to clarify the underlying mechanisms and therapeutic effects of lncRNAs on TBI. We review the current progress of studies on lncRNAs in TBI to draw more attention to their roles in this debilitating condition.

11.
Mar Drugs ; 17(6)2019 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31146377

RESUMO

Due to its special aromatic structure, isorenieratene is thought to be an active natural antioxidant and photo/UV damage inhibitor. In this work, isorenieratene that was extracted from Rhodococcus sp. B7740 isolated from the Arctic Ocean, showed excellent scavenging ability of both singlet oxygen and hydroxyl radical in the UVB-induced auto-oxidation process using the EPR method. Within an ARPE-19 cell model damaged by UVB radiation, isorenieratene showed fine protective effects (1.13 ± 0.03 fold) compared with macular xanthophylls (MXs) through upregulating of tspo. The molecular docking was firstly performed to investigate the interaction of isorenieratene with TSPO as a special ligand. Results showed isorenieratene might form a better binding conformation (S-score -8.5438) than MXs and indicate that isorenieratene not only can function as a direct antioxidant but also activate tspo in ARPE-19 cells. Thus, isorenieratene might ease the UV-related damages including age-related macular degeneration (AMD).


Assuntos
Carotenoides/farmacologia , Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Fenóis/farmacologia , Receptores de GABA/metabolismo , Rhodococcus/química , Animais , Regiões Árticas , Carotenoides/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular , Células/efeitos da radiação , Citoproteção/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Ligantes , Camundongos , Modelos Moleculares , Oceanos e Mares , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos da radiação , Fenóis/isolamento & purificação , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Protetores contra Radiação/química , Protetores contra Radiação/farmacologia , Raios Ultravioleta/efeitos adversos
12.
FASEB J ; 33(8): 9588-9601, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31162947

RESUMO

Platelet-derived growth factor receptor ß (PDGFRß) dynamically changes after brain injury, possibly mediating the neuroprotective role of soluble homodimers of the platelet-derived growth factor ß subunit (PDGF-BB) that is secreted by microcirculation cells. The aim of this study was to determine whether binding of PDGF-BB to astrocytic PDGFRß enhanced crosstalk among the various components of the neurovascular unit, leading to synaptic recovery after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). The soluble PDGF-BB from the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with SAH was measured. The relationship between PDGF-BB treatment and astrocytic PDGFRß signaling was further explored in vivo and in vitro in experimental SAH models. Compared with the levels in the control samples, the PDGF-BB protein levels in the CSF of patients with SAH were significantly increased. After the generation of experimental SAH, astrocyte activation markers were markedly induced by the binding of PDGF-BB to astrocytic PDGFRß, accompanied by improved levels of synaptic recovery and cognitive function. Soluble PDGF-BB and astrocytic PDGFRß signaling are essential for the neuroprotective effect in the hippocampus and the coculture system in vitro after SAH that otherwise leads to cognitive dysfunction and neuronal damage.-Zhou, X., Wu, Q., Lu, Y., Zhang, X., Lv, S., Shao, J., Zhou, Y., Chen, J., Hou, L., Huang, C., Zhang, X. Crosstalk between soluble PDGF-BB and PDGFRß promotes astrocytic activation and synaptic recovery in the hippocampus after subarachnoid hemorrhage.


Assuntos
Astrócitos/metabolismo , Becaplermina/metabolismo , Receptor beta de Fator de Crescimento Derivado de Plaquetas/metabolismo , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/metabolismo , Animais , Becaplermina/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Western Blotting , Sobrevivência Celular/fisiologia , Células Cultivadas , Dependovirus/genética , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Imunofluorescência , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Marcação In Situ das Extremidades Cortadas , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Neurogênese/genética , Neurogênese/fisiologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Receptor beta de Fator de Crescimento Derivado de Plaquetas/líquido cefalorraquidiano
13.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(7): 1974-1979, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31046895

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative bacterium, designated CM5-1T, was isolated from a sediment sample collected from the East Pacific Ocean. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that strain CM5-1T belongs to the genus Devosia, with closely related type strains Devosia submarina KMM 9415T (98.6 %), Devosia psychrophilaCr7-05T (98.6 %) and Devosia psychrophilaE84T (98.2 %). Up-to-date bacterial core gene set analysis revealed that strain CM5-1T represents one independent lineage with D. submarina KMM 9415T. The average nucleotide identity values of CM5-1T with D. submarina KMM 9415T and D. psychrophila Cr7-05T are 80.1 and 77.9 %, respectively. In silico DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain CM5-1T and D. submarina KMM 9415T and D. psychrophila Cr7-05T are 23.8 and 21.9 %, respectively. Strain CM5-1T contains diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and glycolipid as major polar lipids. The sole isoprenoid quinone is ubiquinone-10, and C18 : 1ω7c and 11-methyl C18 : 1ω7c are the dominant cellular fatty acids. The G+C content of the genomic DNA is 61.4 mol%. Differential phylogenetic distinctiveness and chemotaxonomic differences, together with the phenotypic properties observed in this study, revealed that strain CM5-1T could be differentiated from closely related species. Therefore, we propose strain CM5-1T as a novel species of the genus Devosia, for which the name Devosia naphthalenivorans sp. nov. is suggested. The type strain is CM5-1T (=JCM32509T=CGMCC 1.13553T).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Hyphomicrobiaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Hyphomicrobiaceae/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Oceano Pacífico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
14.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 4015969, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31032345

RESUMO

Purpose: Different microRNAs (miRs) have been demonstrated to relate with the outcome of glioma patients, while the conclusions are inconsistent. We perform a meta-analysis to clarify the relationship between different miRs and prognosis of glioma. Methods: Related studies were retrieved from PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library. Pooled hazard ratios (HRs) of different miRs expression for survival and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using random-effects model. Results: A total of 15 miRs with 4708 glioma patients were ultimately included. Increased expression of miR-15b (HR, 1.584; 95% CI, 1.199-2.092), 21 (HR, 1.591; 95% CI, 1.278-1.981), 148a (HR, 1.122; 95% CI, 1.023-1.231), 196 (HR, 1.877; 95% CI, 1.033-3.411), 210 (HR, 1.251; 95% CI, 1.010-1.550), and 221 (HR, 1.269; 95% CI, 1.054-1.527) or decreased expression of miR-106a (HR, 0.809; 95% CI, 0.655-0.998) and 124 (HR, 0.833; 95% CI, 0.729-0.952) was correlated with poor outcome of glioma patients. Conclusions: miR-15b, 21, 148a, 196, 210, 221, 106a, and 124 are valuable biomarkers for the prognosis of glioma which might be used in clinical settings.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Glioma/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Glioma/patologia , Humanos , Análise de Sobrevida
15.
Eur J Neurosci ; 50(2): 1972-1980, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30762917

RESUMO

Sympathetic hyperactivity occurs in a subgroup of patients after traumatic brain injury (TBI). The rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) is a key region for the activity of sympathetic nervous system. Oxidative stress in the RVLM is proved to be responsible for the increased level of sympathetic activity in animal models of hypertension and heart failure. In this study, we investigated whether oxidative stress in the RVLM contributed to the development of sympathetic hyperactivity after TBI in rats. Model of diffuse axonal injury was induced using Sprague-Dawley rats, and level of mean arterial pressure (MAP) and plasma Norepinephrine (NE) was measured to evaluate the sympathetic activity. For the assessment of oxidative stress, expression of reactive oxygen species (ROS), malondialdehyde (MDA), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in the RVLM was determined. Microinjection of Tempol into the RVLM was performed to determine the effect of oxidative stress on sympathetic hyperactivity. According to the results, TBI led to elevated MAP and plasma NE in rats. It also induced a significantly increased level of ROS, MDA production and decreased level of SOD in the RVLM. The sympathetic activity, ROS, and MDA in the RVLM decreased significantly after microinjection of Tempol. Therefore, the present results suggested that oxidative stress in the RVLM was involved in the development of sympathetic hyperactivity following TBI.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas Difusas , Hipercinese , Bulbo , Estresse Oxidativo , Agitação Psicomotora , Sistema Nervoso Simpático , Animais , Lesões Encefálicas Difusas/metabolismo , Lesões Encefálicas Difusas/fisiopatologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Hipercinese/metabolismo , Hipercinese/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Bulbo/metabolismo , Bulbo/fisiopatologia , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Agitação Psicomotora/metabolismo , Agitação Psicomotora/fisiopatologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Sistema Nervoso Simpático/metabolismo , Sistema Nervoso Simpático/fisiopatologia
16.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 112(6): 927-933, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30737708

RESUMO

Strain IO390502T, isolated from surface seawater in the Indian Ocean, was characterised using a polyphasic taxonomy approach. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain IO390502T belongs to the genus Paracoccus and is closely related to Paracoccus seriniphilus DSM 14827T (97.6%), followed by P. zeaxanthinifaciens JCM 21774T (97.5%), P. homiensis DSM 17862T (97.3%), P. marcusii DSM 11574T (97.2%), P. haeundaensis BC 74171T (97.0%) and P. carotinifaciens E-396T (97.0%). Cells are Gram-negative, aerobic, poly-ß-hydroxybutyrate-accumulating, motile, rod-shaped, and forms creamy-white colonies. Optimal growth occurred at 25-30 °C, pH 5-8, and in the presence of 3-8% NaCl. The genome of strain IO390502T has a G+C content of 64.9 mol% and a 3.5 Mb chromosome. The in silico DNA-DNA hybridisation and average nucleotide identity values between strain IO390502T and the three closely related taxa, P. seriniphilus DSM 14827T, P. zeaxanthinifaciens JCM 21774T and P. homiensis DSM 17862T, are 19.6%, 21.9% and 20.6%, and 76.0%, 79.9% and 77.8%, respectively. Phosphatidylglycerol is the major lipid present, ubiquinone-10 (Q-10) is the sole isoprenoid quinone, and the major cellular fatty acid is C18:1ω7c. Based on data from phenotypic tests and genotypic differences between strain IO390502T and its close phylogenetic relatives, strain IO390502T represents a new species belonging to the genus Paracoccus, for which the name Paracoccus indicus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is IO390502T (= JCM 32637T = CCTCC AB 2018071T).


Assuntos
Paracoccus/isolamento & purificação , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Oceano Índico , Paracoccus/classificação , Paracoccus/genética , Paracoccus/metabolismo , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
17.
World Neurosurg ; 123: e156-e161, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30471448

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity (PSH) is an uncommon complication of severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI). The clinical risk factors for PSH have not been fully characterized, especially regarding tracheostomy, which has usually been recommended for patients with sTBI to facilitate treatment. We examined the effects of tracheostomy on PSH incidence in patients with sTBI. METHODS: The present single-center, retrospective study included consecutive patients with sTBI who had been admitted to the Shanghai Changzheng Hospital from January 1, 2013 to March 31, 2018. The potential risk factors related to the occurrence of PSH was explored by univariate analysis. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted to determine the independence of the factors associated with PSH development. RESULTS: Of the 120 patients with sTBI, 17 with PSH were identified (14.16%). We found 3 risk factors were significantly associated with PSH on univariate and multivariate analyses: 1) tracheostomy (odds ratio [OR], 5.368; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.102-26.151; P = 0.038); 2) age (OR, 0.916; 95% CI, 0.874-0.960; P < 0.001); and 3) hydrocephalus (OR, 6.715; 95% CI, 1.708-26.408; P = 0.006). CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that tracheostomy is independently associated with an increased incidence of PSH.


Assuntos
Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/epidemiologia , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/epidemiologia , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/cirurgia , Traqueostomia , Adulto , Idoso , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/fisiopatologia , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
18.
World Neurosurg ; 123: 168-173, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30447445

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nonmissile penetrating injuries to the head and neck caused by a steel bar are rare, and a standard management strategy is lacking. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 42-year-old woman sustained a steel bar injury with penetration of the head and neck. Computed tomography and three-dimensional reconstruction were performed for preoperative evaluation. Digital subtraction angiography was performed to confirm potential vascular injury. The steel bar was successfully removed through an open surgical procedure by a multidisciplinary team. CONCLUSIONS: Relevant literature regarding nonmissile penetrating injuries involving a steel bar was reviewed to propose appropriate management strategies. Comprehensive imaging evaluation and prompt surgery by a multidisciplinary team contributed to the successful removal of the steel bar.


Assuntos
Corpos Estranhos/cirurgia , Traumatismos Cranianos Penetrantes/cirurgia , Lesões do Pescoço/cirurgia , Acidentes por Quedas , Adulto , Feminino , Corpos Estranhos/diagnóstico por imagem , Traumatismos Cranianos Penetrantes/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Lesões do Pescoço/diagnóstico por imagem , Aço
19.
Neurocrit Care ; 30(2): 334-339, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30288677

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies suggested that the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) was associated with unfavorable outcomes in different diseases such as intracerebral hemorrhage, cardiovascular problem, cancer, and severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI). We aimed to evaluate the relationship between peak NLR and 1-year outcomes in patients with sTBI. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data of patients with sTBI who were treated in our department between January 2013 and January 2017. NLRs between day 1 and day 12 after admission as well as other related indicators were collected. The relationship between peak NLR and 1-year outcomes was analyzed. Factors associated with larger peak NLR were also explored. RESULTS: A total of 316 patients were included, and 81.3% (257/316) experienced unfavorable outcomes. Peak NLR was identified as an independent predictor for unfavorable outcomes after sTBI in multivariable logistic regression analysis (odds ratio, 1.086; 95% confidence interval, 1.037-1.137; P < 0.001). Its predictive value was confirmed by receiver operating characteristic analysis (area under curve = 0.775; P < 0.001). The day 1 NLR as well as admission Glasgow Coma Scale score was independently correlated with increased peak NLR. CONCLUSION: Peak NLR was associated with the clinical prognosis after sTBI and was a promising predictor for 1-year outcomes.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/sangue , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/diagnóstico , Linfócitos , Neutrófilos , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Adulto , Idoso , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/terapia , Feminino , Escala de Coma de Glasgow , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
20.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 68(12): 3881-3885, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30351269

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative bacterium, designated strain IO390401T, was isolated from a seawater sample from the sulphide region of the Indian Ocean. Phylogenetic trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain IO390401T is a member of the genus Alteromonas, sharing 97.0-97.4 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with Alteromonas additaR10SW13T, A. stellipolaris LMG 21861T, A. naphthalenivorans JCM 17741T, A. gracilis 9a2T and A. australica H17T, and 94.8-96.8 % with the type strains of other species of the genus Alteromonas. Strain IO390401T contained ubiquinone-8 (Q-8) as the sole isoprenoid quinone, C16:0 and C16:1ω7c/C16:1ω6c as the dominant cellular fatty acids, and phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine as the major polar lipids. The genome of strain IO390401T consists of a 4.4 Mb chromosome with a G+C content of 48.2 mol%. Average nucleotide identity values between strain IO390401T and the three closest phylogenetic neighbours, namely A. additaR10SW13T, A. stellipolaris LMG 21861T and A. naphthalenivorans JCM 17741T, were 70.5, 70.4 and 70.6 %, respectively, and the corresponding in silico DNA-DNA hybridization values were 20.6, 20.7 and 21.1 %. Phylogenetic distinctiveness and chemotaxonomic differences, together with phenotypic properties determined in this study, revealed that strain IO390401T could be differentiated from closely related species. It is therefore proposed as representing a novel species in the genus Alteromonas, for which the name Alteromonas indica sp. nov. is suggested. The type strain is IO390401T (=JCM 32638T=CGMCC 1.13554T=CCTCC AB 2018072T).


Assuntos
Alteromonas/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alteromonas/genética , Alteromonas/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Oceano Índico , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , Fosfatidilgliceróis/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
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