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1.
J Affect Disord ; 260: 334-341, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31521871

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate mental and physical health comorbidity with chronic back or neck pain in the Chinese population, and assess the level of disability associated with chronic back or neck pain. METHODS: Data were derived from a large-scale and nationally representative community survey of adult respondents on mental health disorders in China (n = 28,140). Chronic back or neck pain, other chronic pain conditions and chronic physical conditions were assessed by self-report. Mental disorders were assessed by the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI). Role disability during the past 30 days was assessed with the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHO-DAS-II). RESULTS: The 12-month prevalence of chronic back or neck pain was 10.8%. Most of respondents with chronic back or neck pain (71.2%) reported at least one other comorbid condition, including other chronic pain conditions (53.4%), chronic physical conditions (37.9%), and mental disorders (23.9%). It was found by logistic regression that mood disorders (OR = 3.7, 95%CI:2.8-4.8) showed stronger association with chronic back or neck pain than anxiety disorders and substance disorders. Most common chronic pains and physical conditions were significantly associated with chronic back or neck pain. Chronic back or neck pain was associated with role disability after controlling for demographics and for comorbidities. Physical and mental comorbidities explained 0.7% of the association between chronic back or neck pain and role disability. CONCLUSIONS: Chronic back or neck pain and physical-mental comorbidity is very common in China and chronic back or neck pain may increase the likelihood of other physical and mental diseases. This presents a great challenge for both clinical treatment and public health education. We believe that further study needs to be conducted to improve the diagnostic and management skills for comorbidity conditions.

2.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 121: 109563, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706105

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Berberine improves insulin sensitivity and ovulation function in PCOS patients. However, the mechanism by which berberine initiates glucose metabolism-related signaling pathways in ovarian cells remains unknown. This study unveiled a new mechanism by which berberine promotes ovarian cell glucose uptake, and demonstrated that SIRT3 ubiquitination is involved in the insulin sensitizing effect of berberine. METHODS: Berberine was used at different concentrations to treat cultured KGN cells. Then, cell viability, cell apoptosis, intracellular ROS levels, mitochondrial depolarization and activation of related signaling pathways were evaluated. RESULTS: Berberine administration led to mitochondrial depolarization and AMP accumulation by promoting SIRT3 ubiquitination. We confirmed that AMP accumulation activated AMPK signaling and further promoted glucose uptake. Meanwhile, berberine reduced the activity of mitochondrial complex I in a dose-depended manner, but not that of mitochondrial complex II. Furthermore, intracellular ROS levels and the expression of mitochondrial apoptosis pathway related factors increased with berberine concentration. Berberine caused significant SIRT3 ubiquitination and degradation by activating the AMPK pathway and increasing intracellular ROS levels. Interestingly, berberine induced ubiquitination paralleled the increased FOXO3a phosphorylation and FOXO3a/Parkin pathway activation. CONCLUSIONS: Berberine promotes glucose uptake and inhibits mitochondrial function by promoting SIRT3 ubiquitination, and is likely to regulate autophagy related function in ovarian cells by activating the AMPK pathway. These findings may provide novel insights into the development of drugs for the treatment of abnormal reproductive functions of the ovary.

3.
Virology ; 539: 80-91, 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706163

RESUMO

To identify potential pathogens responsible for a disease outbreak of cultured peafowls in China in 2013, metagenomic sequencing was conducted. The genomes of two closely related parvoviruses, namely peafowl parvovirus 1 (PePV1) and PePV2, were identified with size of 4428 bp and 4348 bp, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that both viruses are novel parvoviruses, belonging to the proposed genus Chapparvovirus of Parvoviridae. The transcriptional profile of PePV1 was analyzed by transfecting a nearly complete PePV1 genome into HEK-293T cells. Results revealed that PePV1 employs one promoter and two polyadenylation sites to start and terminate its transcriptions, with one donor site and two acceptor sites for pre-mRNA splicing. PePV1 DNA and structural protein were detected in several tissues of a dead peafowl, which appeared to have suffered enteritis, pneumonia and viremia. These results provide novel information of chapparvoviruses, and call for attention to the potential pathogens.

4.
Talanta ; 206: 120215, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31514903

RESUMO

This article described the fabrication of novel magnetic carbon nanotube modified with polymeric deep eutectic solvent (M-CNT@PDES) and its application as extractant for the magnetic solid phase extraction (MSPE) of bovine serum albumin (BSA). The physicochemical properties and morphology of M-CNT@PDES were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA), zeta potentials, fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FT-IR) and transmission electron microscope (TEM). Afterwards, several parameters such as pH value, initial concentration of BSA, extraction time, ionic strength and extraction temperature were optimized. The results indicated that the modification of PDES significantly improved the extraction performance for BSA, and the maximum extraction capacity was 225.15 mg/g under the optimized conditions. In addition, 0.20 mol/L NaCl-PBS solution was chosen as the appropriate eluent, and favourable elution rate (81.22%) was obtained. Circular dichroism spectroscopy (CD) indicated that the secondary structure of BSA has not changed during extraction and elution. The regenerative experiment and application in real calf serum confirmed the outstanding durability and practical application ability of M-CNT@PDES. All of above verified that the proposed M-CNT@PDES coupled with MSPE method has great application potential for the pre-concentration of biomolecules.

5.
Carbohydr Polym ; 228: 115358, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31635727

RESUMO

Following the main idea of a two-step method, microcrystalline cellulose is firstly pretreated to prepare regenerated cellulose (RC) with low crystallinity. Then, RC is continuously hydrolyzed to sugar in aqueous system by microwave driving. With the establishment of ZrO2 contained low acid catalytic system, an advanced route driven by microwave radiation to induce highly efficient hydrolysis of RC to sugar is formed. Due to the effect of ZrO2 on the molecular chain of cellulose, the recrystallization of RC is obviously weakened, and higher hydrolysis reactivity is achieved. Under the optimal conditions, the average conversion of RC and the yield of total reducing sugar highly reach 98.4 ±â€¯0.5% and 97.9 ±â€¯0.6%, respectively. The result is extremely superior to the efficiency of hydrolysis initiated only by pure acid. As a result, a novel and simple thinking to establish an advanced two-step methodology to hydrolyze cellulose to sugar with high efficiency is achieved.

6.
Nutrients ; 11(12)2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31795130

RESUMO

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is closely associated with metabolic disorders, including hepatic lipid accumulation and lipotoxicity. Plant-derived polyphenols have attracted considerable attention in the prevention of NAFLD. Lotus seedpod, rich in polyphenols, is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine. Previous studies have showed that lotus seedpod possess radioprotective, antioxidant, anti-cancer, and anti-inflammatory activities. In this study, the in vitro hepatoprotective effect of lotus seedpod extract (LSE) and its main component epigallocatechin (EGC) was examined. Firstly, oleic acid (OA), an unsaturated fatty acid, was used to induce the phenotype of NAFLD in human hepatocytes, HepG2 cells. LSE dose-dependently improved the OA-induced viability loss of HepG2 cells. Non-cytotoxic concentrations of LSE or EGC abolished intracellular lipid accumulation and oxidative stress in the OA-treated cells. In addition, LSE and EGC showed a minor effect on autophagy, and potential in reducing OA-induced occurrence of apoptosis confirmed by morphological and biochemical features, including an increase in the formation of apoptotic bodies, the exposure of phosphatidylserine, and activation of caspases. Molecular data showed the anti-apoptotic effect of LSE might be mediated via downregulation of the mitochondrial pathway. Our data imply that EGC-enriched LSE potentially could be developed as an anti-NAFLD agent.

7.
BMC Plant Biol ; 19(1): 537, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31795931

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The cultivated peanut is an important oil and cash crop grown worldwide. To meet the growing demand for peanut production each year, genetic studies and enhanced selection efficiency are essential, including linkage mapping, genome-wide association study, bulked-segregant analysis and marker-assisted selection. Specific locus amplified fragment sequencing (SLAF-seq) is a powerful tool for high density genetic map (HDGM) construction and quantitative trait loci (QTLs) mapping. In this study, a HDGM was constructed using SLAF-seq leading to identification of QTL for seed weight and size in peanut. RESULTS: A recombinant inbred line (RIL) population was advanced from a cross between a cultivar 'Huayu36' and a germplasm line '6-13' with contrasting seed weight, size and shape. Based on the cultivated peanut genome, a HDGM was constructed with 3866 loci consisting of SLAF-seq and simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers distributed on 20 linkage groups (LGs) covering a total map distance of 1266.87 cM. Phenotypic data of four seed related traits were obtained in four environments, which mostly displayed normal distribution with varied levels of correlation. A total of 27 QTLs for 100 seed weight (100SW), seed length (SL), seed width (SW) and length to width ratio (L/W) were identified on 8 chromosomes, with LOD values of 3.16-31.55 and explaining phenotypic variance (PVE) from 0.74 to 83.23%. Two stable QTL regions were identified on chromosomes 2 and 16, and gene content within these regions provided valuable information for further functional analysis of yield component traits. CONCLUSIONS: This study represents a new HDGM based on the cultivated peanut genome using SLAF-seq and SSRs. QTL mapping of four seed related traits revealed two stable QTL regions on chromosomes 2 and 16, which not only facilitate fine mapping and cloning these genes, but also provide opportunity for molecular breeding of new peanut cultivars with improved seed weight and size.

8.
Environ Pollut ; : 113678, 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31796318

RESUMO

In this study, the degradation of eight bromophenols (BPs), including monobromophenols (2-BP, 3-BP, and 4-BP), dibromophenols (2,4-DBP, 2,6-DBP, and 3,5-DBP), a tribromophenol (2,4,6-TBP) and a pentabromophenol (PBP), by a Fe(VI) reaction process at a pH of 8.0 was systematically studied. It was concluded that their degradation rates increased with increasing Fe(VI) concentrations in solution. The removal of 2,4,6-TBP, 2-BP, and 2,6-DBP was faster than that of the other five BPs, which could be attributed to the position of the substituting Br atom. Moreover, the direct oxidation and coupling reactions greatly influenced the reactivity of the bromophenols with Fe(VI). The electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) analysis confirmed the presence of hydroxyl radicals in present system. The oxidation reaction products of PBP and 2-BP were recognized by an electrospray time-of-flight mass spectrometer; hydroxylation, hydroxyl substitution, the cleavage of the C-C bond, direct oxidation and polymerization via an end linking mechanism were noticeably found in the reaction process, resulting in the formation of polymerization products and causing hydroxylation to occur. Theoretical calculations further determined the possible oxidation sites of 2-BP and PBP. This study may provide comprehensive and important information on the remediation of BPs by Fe(VI).

9.
Plant Dis ; : PDIS11181955RE, 2019 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31790642

RESUMO

Tea-oil tree (Camellia oleifera Abel) is an important edible oil woody plant with a planting area over 3,800,000 hectares in southern China. Anthracnose is a serious disease of tea-oil tree in southern China, causing severe economic losses and posing a huge threat to the Ca. oleifera industry. Based on recent developments in the classification of Colletotrichum species, the objective of this study was to identify Colletotrichum species associated with tea-oil tree and examine their pathogenicity on leaves and fruits of Ca. oleifera. In total, 232 isolates were obtained from Ca. oleifera leaves and fruits with anthracnose symptoms. These isolates were further characterized based on morphology and multilocus phylogenetic analyses using partial DNA sequences at the ribosomal internal transcribed spacer regions and ß-tubulin, actin, calmodulin, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, and chitin synthase-encoding genes. The fungal isolates belong to five species: C. camelliae, C. fructicola, C. siamense, C. aenigma, and C. gloeosporioides. C. camelliae was the most predominant and widely distributed species on fruits of Ca. oleifera (91.4%), followed by C. fructicola (6.3%). However, C. fructicola was common and widely distributed species on leaves (75.9%), followed by C. camelliae (17.2%). There was no evidence of geographical specialization of the different species. Pathogenicity assays showed that all tested isolates, including 20 of C. camelliae, 11 of C. fructicola, four of C. siamense, two of C. aenigma, and one of C. gloeosporioides, were pathogenic to leaves and fruits of Ca. oleifera. Among the five species, C. camelliae species showed strong pathogenicity on both leaves and fruits of Ca. oleifera, and C. fructicola, C. siamense, C. aenigma, and C. gloeosporioides all showed weak pathogenicity on both leaves and fruits. No relationship was found between origin of isolates and their virulence. This is the first description of C. camelliae, C. fructicola, C. siamense, and C. gloeosporioides from the fruits of Ca. oleifera in China.

10.
Nano Lett ; 2019 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31790598

RESUMO

Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) promote tumor immune escape through multiple mechanisms including suppressing antitumor activities of T lymphocytes. However, therapeutic abrogation of MDSCs often causes severe adverse effects, compensatory recruitment of alternative cell populations, and the multiplicity and complexity of relevant cytokines/receptors. Alternatively, suppressing the expansion and tumor trafficking of MDSCs may be a proficient and safe way for cancer treatment. Here we report that pseudoneutrophil cytokine sponges (pCSs) can disrupt expansion and tumor trafficking of MDSCs and reverse immune tolerance. Coated with plasma membranes of neutrophils phenotypically and morphologically similar to polymorphonuclear MDSCs (PMN-MDSCs), the nanosized pCSs inherited most membrane receptors from the "parental" neutrophils, enabling the neutralization of MDSC-related cytokines. Upon pCSs administration, the expansion of MDSCs and their enrichment in peripheral lymphoid organs and tumors were reduced without the compensatory influx of alternative myeloid subsets. In murine breast cancer and melanoma syngeneic models, pCSs treatment dramatically increased the number of tumor-infiltrating T lymphocytes and restored their antitumor functions. In addition, when pCSs were combined with the programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1), the immune checkpoint blockade synergistically suppressed tumor progression and prolonged animal survival. Overall, the pseudocell nanoplatform opens up new paths toward effective cancer immunotherapy.

11.
BMJ Open ; 9(12): e032256, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31796484

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Myocardial infarction (MI) is the most dangerous complication in patients with coronary heart disease. In China, there is an increasing number of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for treating MI. However, the inconsistency of outcome reporting means that a large number of clinical trials cannot be included in systematic reviews to provide the best evidence for clinical practice. The aim of this study is to develop a core outcome set (COS) for future TCM clinical trials of MI, which may improve the consistency of outcome reporting and facilitate the synthesis of data across studies in systematic reviews. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will conduct a systematic review of MI clinical trials with any intervention. Semistructured interviews will be conducted to obtain the perspectives of patients with MI. The outcomes from the systematic review and semistructured interviews will be grouped and used to develop a questionnaire. The questionnaire will be developed as a supplement for the TCM syndromes of MI and will be constructed from the results of a systematic review, existing medical records and a cross-sectional study. Then two rounds of the Delphi survey will be conducted with different stakeholders (TCM experts and Western medicine experts in cardiovascular disease, methodologists, magazine editors and patients) to determine the importance of the outcomes. Only the TCM experts will need to response to the questionnaire for core TCM syndromes. A face-to-face consensus meeting will be conducted to create a final COS and recommend measurement time for each outcome. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This project has been approved by the Ethics Committee of Dongzhimen Hospital, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine. The final COS will be published and freely available. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: This study is registered with the Core Outcome Measures in Effectiveness Trials database as study 1243 (available at: http://www.comet-initiative.org/studies/details/1243).

12.
Mikrochim Acta ; 187(1): 7, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31797063

RESUMO

A composite was fabricated from deep eutectic solvent and MnO2 nanosheets (DES/MnO2) and is shown to be a viable oxidase mimic. The property, morphology and composition of DES/MnO2 was characterized. DES/MnO2 displays oxidase-like activity and can oxidize 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) to form a blue product (oxTMB) with an absorption maximum at 652 nm. Due to the presence of the DES, the polyanionic and negatively charged DNA is easily adsorbed on the surface of the composite by hydrogen bonding and electrostatic interactions. This leads to the inhibition of the oxidase-mimicking activity of DES/MnO2. This finding was used to design a colorimetric method for the determination of DNA. The assay work in the 10-100 µg mL-1 DNA concentration range and has a detection limit of 0.37 µg mL-1. The inhibiting mechanism was further studied by zeta potential measurements, dynamic light scattering and transmission electron microscopy. The selectivity study shows the DES/MnO2-TMB system to be highly selective for DNA when compared with many proteins, carbohydrates, salts and amino acid. RNA, on the other hand, interferes. The real sample analysis result illustrates that the new method can be used for the detection of DNA in bovine whole blood. Graphical abstractA novel oxidase mimic based on deep eutectic solvent-functionalized MnO2 nanosheets was synthesized, which can directly catalyze oxidation of 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB, colorless) to oxTMB (blue). A sensitive and convenient colorimetric strategy for visual detection of DNA was established through DES/MnO2-TMB sensing system.

13.
Toxicology ; : 152338, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31785310

RESUMO

An impaired gut-liver axis is a potential factor that contributes to alcoholic liver disease. Specifically, ethanol decreases intestinal integrity and causes gut dysbiosis. Butyrate, a fermentation byproduct of gut microbiota, is negatively altered following acute ethanol exposure. This study aimed to determine whether kaempferol could protect against alcoholic liver injury (AALI) in mice by regulating tight junction (TJ) proteins and butyrate receptors and transporters in intestines. Male Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) mice were randomly divided into five treatment groups: control, ethanol administered (5 g/kg), and the low-, medium- and high-dosage kaempferol (25, 50, 100 mg/kg) treatments. Intestinal expression was evaluated for the TJ proteins ZO-1 and occludin and the butyrate receptor GPR109A and butyrate transporter SLC58A proteins, in addition to plasma ALT and AST levels and pathomorphological changes in liver and intestinal tissues. The expression of the TJ proteins ZO-1 and occludin, butyrate receptors, and butyrate transporters in the ileum and proximal colon decreased in AALI mice, while plasma ALT and AST levels markedly increased. Kaempferol supplementation reversed these effects. These results suggest that kaempferol could serve as a prophylactic treatment against AALI in mice by increasing the expression of butyrate receptors, transporters, and TJ proteins in the intestinal mucosa.

14.
Cell Death Dis ; 10(12): 904, 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31787758

RESUMO

Tumorigenesis, tumor growth, and prognosis are highly related to gene alterations and post-translational modifications (PTMs). Ubiquitination is a critical PTM that governs practically all aspects of cellular function. An increasing number of studies show that E3 ubiquitin ligases (E3s) are important enzymes in the process of ubiquitination that primarily determine substrate specificity and thus need to be tightly controlled. Among E3s, neural precursor cell expressed developmentally downregulated 4-1 (NEDD4-1) has been shown to play a critical role in modulating the proliferation, migration, and invasion of cancer cells and the sensitivity of cancer cells to anticancer therapies via regulating multiple substrates. This review discusses some significant discoveries on NEDD4-1 substrates and the signaling pathways in which NEDD4-1 participates. In addition, we introduce the latest potential therapeutic strategies that inhibit or activate NEDD4-1 activity using small molecules. NEDD4-1 likely acts as a novel drug target or diagnostic marker in the battle against cancer.

15.
Psych J ; 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31788984

RESUMO

Impairment in semantic association has been reported in bipolar disorder (BD) and schizophrenia (SZ) patients and could underlie abnormal speech patterns in both disorders. In this study, we compared the electrophysiological semantic processing features in patients with these two disorders. Participants (n = 61; BD = 19; SZ = 19; healthy controls [HCs] = 23) were administered a semantic judgment task and event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded. Responses of the two patient groups were significantly slower than HCs, but comparable behavioral semantic priming effects were observed in both patient groups. The N400 priming effect was observed in all groups, with a delayed peak in the two patient groups. The N400 effect was enhanced for both BD and SZ patients over the left frontal and frontal pole region, but SZ patients showed additional reduction of N400 over the right posterior and occipital regions. The N400 mean amplitudes for related targets correlated with less severe negative symptoms in patients with SZ. Discriminant functional analysis using reaction time and N400 measures successfully classified 82% of the participants into their respective clinical groups. These results suggest that patients with BD and SZ have both overlapping and distinctive semantic processing dysfunction. These findings are consistent with the continuum conceptualization of these disorders, but also offer some support for the traditional Kraepelinian dichotomy.

16.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 17917, 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784601

RESUMO

White light colonoscopy is widely used to detect colorectal polyps, but flat and depressed lesions are often missed. Here, we report a molecular imaging strategy to potentially improve diagnostic performance by developing a fluorescently-labeled peptide specific for cMet. This 7mer is conjugated to Cy5.5, a near-infrared (NIR) cyanine dye. Specific binding to cMet was confirmed by cell staining, knockdown, and competition assays. The probe showed high binding affinity (kd = 57 nM) and fast onset (k = 1.6 min) to support topical administration in vivo. A mouse model (CPC;Apc) that develops spontaneous adenomas that overexpress cMet was used to demonstrate feasibility for real time in vivo imaging. This targeting ligand showed significantly higher target-to-background (T/B) ratio for polypoid and non-polypoid lesions by comparison with a scrambled control peptide. Immunofluorescence staining on human colon specimens show significantly greater binding to tubular and sessile serrated adenomas versus hyperplastic polyps and normal mucosa. These results demonstrate a peptide specific for cMet that is promising for endoscopic detection of pre-malignant lesions and guiding of tissue biopsy.

17.
Sci Total Environ ; : 134553, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31791795

RESUMO

Livestock grazing activities substantially contribute to worldwide grassland degradation and potentially alter the growth of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. The global patterns of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in response to grazing, especially grazing intensity, are still unclear. In this study, we performed a meta-analysis of grazing intensity experiments to examine the grazing intensity effects on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi across global grasslands. The results showed that heavy or moderate grazing consistently reduced arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal abundance by 34.38% and 9.14%, but light grazing had no significant effect. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal abundance was reduced with longer duration of grazing (-22.91%) and lower annual precipitation (-17.43%). Grazing decrease the abundance of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal was possibly attributedto the reduction of above-ground biomass, in agreement with the carbon limitation hypothesis. It suggests the inhibition of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal abundance by grazing at the cost of plant above-ground biomass. These findings highlight the negative effect of heavy grazing on arbuscular mycorrhizaes across worldwide grassland, and which may contribute to understand the effects of livestock grazing activities on symbiotic relationships between host plants and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi.

18.
Biomaterials ; : 119640, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31791840

RESUMO

Zwitterionic hydrogels such as those based on polycarboxybetaine (PCB) or polysulfobetaine (PSB) have potential for various biomedical applications, due to their biocompatibility and low biofouling properties. However, the poor mechanical properties of zwitterionic hydrogels developed to date remain a challenge, severely limiting their practical uses. To improve the mechanical properties without compromising their zwitterionic feature or biocompatibility, we designed a new class of zwitterionic hydrogels by introducing triazole moieties into the hydrogel monomers that could form energy-dissipating π-π stacking. Compared to conventional zwitterionic hydrogels, the triazole-zwitterionic (TR-ZW) ones exhibited similarly excellent antifouling properties, but were much more mechanically robust with higher stretchability (250% tensile strain), better compression-resistance (89% compressive strain and 65% compression for at least 10 cycles without any crack) and better folding-resistance. In addition, upon subcutaneous implantation in mice, the TR-ZW hydrogels induced significantly lower foreign body responses (FBR) (i.e. less fibrosis and more blood vessel formation relative to a poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) hydrogel control). As an example of their potential applications, we showed the use of the TR-ZW hydrogels for islet encapsulation and transplantation and demonstrated diabetes correction up to ~1 month in mice in the convenient subcutaneous site.

19.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 28(4): 343-348, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792471

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To isolate and identify exosomes derived from periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) collected by ultracentrifugation. METHODS: Using the limiting dilution technique, human PDLSCs were isolated and expanded. The cell culture supernatant of PDLSCs was collected. Exosomes were collected and purified with a ultracentrifugation method. Biological characteristics of exosomes derived from PDLSCs were measured by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Western blot and nanosight tracing analysis (NTA). RESULTS: Exosomes could be successfully isolated from the supernatant of PDLSCs by a ultracentrifugation method. Under TEM, the PDLSC-derived exosomes exhibited elliptic or saucer-like shape and the central area had lower electron density than the circum area. The PDLSC-derived exosomes could express the common surface adhesion molecules CD9, CD63, CD81 and TSG101. NTA results showed that the collected exosomes had a size around (119±12.1) nm and an approximate concentration of (3.80±0.39)×108 particles/mL. CONCLUSIONS: Exosomes derived from PDLSCs can be collected by a ultracentrifugation method, which expresses common membrane proteins and morphological characteristics of exosomes.

20.
J Clin Nurs ; 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31793096

RESUMO

AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To examine the dissimilarity between Chinese myocardial infarction (MI) patients' and spouses' illness perceptions, and to explore the relationship between patients' IP, differences in couples' IP and patients' lifestyle after discharge. BACKGROUND: An individual's illness perception is affected and moderated by several factors, including the social context. One of the most influential members of the social network of patients is the spouse. DESIGN: Cross-sectional design. METHODS: From April 2016 to April 2017, 111 MI patients and their spouses were recruited. Before discharge from hospital, revised Illness Perception Questionnaire was administered to MI patients and their spouses separately. Two months after discharge, patients' lifestyle was assessed using Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile II. The manuscript was organized according to STROBE guidelines. RESULTS: Spouses were more likely to believe that the illness would last for a long time, and patients perceived MI as being more controllable than their spouses did. The patient-spouse dissimilarity in the perception of consequences was negatively correlated with both nutrition and stress control behaviors. Patients in couples with more dissimilar perception of environmental factors as a cause were more likely to choose a healthy diet, while patients in couples with more dissimilar perceived treatment control were more able to control stress. CONCLUSION: There are both similarities and dissimilarities between MI patients' and spouses' illness perception, and these dissimilarities contributed the majority of the explained variance in patients' lifestyle after discharge. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: We should consider both couples when examining how a patient copes with a chronic illness.

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