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1.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33864023

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic systemic autoimmune disease characterized by synovitis and the destruction of small joints. Emerging evidence shows that immunoglobulin D (IgD) stimulation induces T-cell activation, which may contribute to diseases pathogenesis in RA. In this study, we investigated the downstream signaling pathways by which IgD activated T cells as well as the possible role of IgD in the T-B interaction. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were isolated from peripheral blood of healthy controls and RA patients. We demonstrated that IgD activated T cells through IgD receptor (IgDR)-lymphocyte-specific protein tyrosine kinase (Lck)-zeta-associated protein 70 (ZAP70)/phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) signaling pathways; IgD-induced CD4+ T cells promoted the proliferation of CD19+ B cells in RA patients. A novel fusion protein IgD-Fc-Ig (composed of human IgD-Fc domain and IgG1 Fc domain, which specifically blocked the IgD-IgDR binding) inhibited the coexpression of IgDR and phosphorylated Lck (p-Lck) and the expression levels of p-Lck, p-ZAP70, p-PI3K on CD4+ T cells, and decreased NF-κB nuclear translocation in Jurkat cells. Meanwhile, IgD-Fc-Ig downregulated the expression levels of CD40L on CD4+ T cells as well as CD40, CD86 on CD19+ B cells in RA patients and healthy controls. It also decreased the expression levels of CD40L on CD4+ T cells and CD40 on CD19+ B cells from spleens of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mice and reduced IL-17A level in mouse serum. Moreover, administration of IgD-Fc-Ig (1.625-13 mg/kg, iv, twice a week for 4 weeks) in CIA mice dose-dependently decreased the protein expression levels of CD40, CD40L, and IgD in spleens. IgD-Fc-Ig restrains T-cell activation through inhibiting IgD-IgDR-Lck-ZAP70-PI3K-NF-κB signaling, thus inhibiting B-cell activation. Our data provide experimental evidences for application of IgD-Fc-Ig as a highly selective T cell-targeting treatment for RA.

2.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33589794

RESUMO

Proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) greatly contributes to vascular remodeling in hypertension. This study is to determine the roles and mechanisms of miR-135a-5p intervention in attenuating VSMC proliferation and vascular remodeling in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). MiR-135a-5p level was raised, while fibronectin type III domain-containing 5 (FNDC5) mRNA and protein expressions were reduced in VSMCs of SHRs compared with those of Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKYs). Enhanced VSMC proliferation in SHRs was inhibited by miR-135a-5p knockdown or miR-135a-5p inhibitor, but exacerbated by miR-135a-5p mimic. VSMCs of SHRs showed reduced myofilaments, increased or even damaged mitochondria, increased and dilated endoplasmic reticulum, which were attenuated by miR-135a-5p inhibitor. Dual-luciferase reporter assay shows that FNDC5 was a target gene of miR-135a-5p. Knockdown or inhibition of miR-135a-5p prevented the FNDC5 downregulation in VSMCs of SHRs, while miR-135a-5p mimic inhibited FNDC5 expressions in VSMCs of both WKYs and SHRs. FNDC5 knockdown had no significant effects on VSMC proliferation of WKYs, but aggravated VSMC proliferation of SHRs. Exogenous FNDC5 or FNDC5 overexpression attenuated VSMC proliferation of SHRs, and prevented miR-135a-5p mimic-induced enhancement of VSMC proliferation of SHR. MiR-135a-5p knockdown in SHRs attenuated hypertension, normalized FNDC5 expressions and inhibited vascular smooth muscle proliferation, and alleviated vascular remodeling. These results indicate that miR-135a-5p promotes while FNDC5 inhibits VSMC proliferation in SHRs. Silencing of miR-135a-5p attenuates VSMC proliferation and vascular remodeling in SHRs via disinhibition of FNDC5 transcription. Either inhibition of miR-135a-5p or upregulation of FNDC5 may be a therapeutically strategy in attenuating vascular remodeling and hypertension.

5.
Eur J Clin Invest ; : e13443, 2020 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33131070

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To reveal detailed histopathological changes, virus distributions, immunologic properties and multi-omic features caused by SARS-CoV-2 in the explanted lungs from the world's first successful lung transplantation of a COVID-19 patient. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 36 samples were collected from the lungs. Histopathological features and virus distribution were observed by optical microscope and transmission electron microscope (TEM). Immune cells were detected by flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry. Transcriptome and proteome approaches were used to investigate main biological processes involved in COVID-19-associated pulmonary fibrosis. RESULTS: The histopathological changes of the lung tissues were characterized by extensive pulmonary interstitial fibrosis and haemorrhage. Viral particles were observed in the cytoplasm of macrophages. CD3+ CD4- T cells, neutrophils, NK cells, γ/δ T cells and monocytes, but not B cells, were abundant in the lungs. Higher levels of proinflammatory cytokines iNOS, IL-1ß and IL-6 were in the area of mild fibrosis. Multi-omics analyses revealed a total of 126 out of 20,356 significant different transcription and 114 out of 8,493 protein expression in lung samples with mild and severe fibrosis, most of which were related to fibrosis and inflammation. CONCLUSIONS: Our results provide novel insight that the significant neutrophil/ CD3+ CD4- T cell/ macrophage activation leads to cytokine storm and severe fibrosis in the lungs of COVID-19 patient and may contribute to a better understanding of COVID-19 pathogenesis.

7.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2020 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32855529

RESUMO

ß-arrestin2 (ß-arr2) is, a key protein that mediates desensitization and internalization of G protein-coupled receptors and participates in inflammatory and immune responses. Deficiency of ß-arr2 has been found to exacerbate collagen antibody-induced arthritis (CAIA) through unclear mechanisms. In this study we tried to elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying ß-arr2 depletion-induced exacerbation of CAIA. CAIA was induced in ß-arr2-/- and wild-type (WT) mice by injection of collagen antibodies and LPS. The mice were sacrificed on d 13 after the injection, spleen, thymus and left ankle joints were collected for analysis. Arthritis index (AI) was evaluated every day or every 2 days. We showed that ß-arr2-/- mice with CAIA had a further increase in the percentage of plasma cells in spleen as compared with WT mice with CAIA, which was in accordance with elevated serum IgG1 and IgG2A expression and aggravating clinical performances, pathologic changes in joints and spleen, joint effusion, and joint blood flow. Both LPS stimulation of isolated B lymphocytes in vitro and TNP-LPS challenge in vivo led to significantly higher plasma cell formation and antibodies production in ß-arr2-/- mice as compared with WT mice. LPS treatment induced membrane distribution of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) on B lymphocytes, accordingly promoted the nuclear translocation of NF-κB and the transcription of Blimp1. Immunofluorescence analysis confirmed that more TLR4 colocalized with ß-arr2 in B lymphocytes in response to LPS stimulation. Depletion of ß-arr2 restrained TLR4 on B lymphocyte membrane after LPS treatment and further enhanced downstream NF-κB signaling leading to additional increment in plasma cell formation. In summary, ß-arr2 depletion exacerbates CAIA and further increases plasma cell differentiation and antibody production through inhibiting TLR4 endocytosis and aggravating NF-κB signaling.

8.
Food Microbiol ; 91: 103514, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32539964

RESUMO

Baijiu (Chinese liquor) is a type of traditional distilled alcoholic beverage produced through spontaneous solid-state fermentation with sorghum as the primary material. Material processing, including sorghum soaking, steaming and cooling which is carried out in an open environment, is an integral part of Baijiu manufacturing. However, the microbiota involved in material pretreatment and its associate with the alcoholic fermentation is unclear. This research is aimed to exploring the diversity and role of microbiota during material pretreatment of light-flavor Baijiu. Results showed that Cyanobacteria, Epicoccum, and Cladosporium predominated in the sorghum at the beginning of soaking. Lactobacillus and Pichia became the predominant bacterial and fungal genera by the end of soaking. With the dynamics of microbiota, the pH declined sharply and the categories and concentration of volatile flavors such as alcohols, esters, acids, phenols, ketones, and aldehydes increased. Correlation analysis indicated that Lactobacillus and Pichia showed positive correlation with various flavors during soaking. Furthermore, SourceTracker analysis revealed that the microbiota involved during cooling processing was an important source of the Lactobacillus during fermentation of light-flavor Baijiu. This study illustrates the role of microbiota during material pretreatment and the association with alcoholic fermentation, which contributes to reveal the mechanism of Baijiu manufacturing.

9.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(5): 389, 2020 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32439968

RESUMO

Hepatic fibrosis is a disease of the wound-healing response following chronic liver injury, and activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) play a crucial role in the progression of hepatic fibrosis. ß-arrestin2 functions as a multiprotein scaffold to coordinate complex signal transduction networks. Although ß-arrestin2 transduces diverse signals in cells, little is known about its involvement in the regulation of liver fibrosis. Our current study utilized a porcine serum-induced liver fibrosis model and found increased expression of ß-arrestin2 in hepatic tissues with the progression of hepatic fibrosis, which was positively correlated with collagen levels. Furthermore, changes in human fibrotic samples were also observed. We next used ß-arrestin2-/- mice to demonstrate that ß-arrestin2 deficiency ameliorates CCl4-induced liver fibrosis and decreases collagen deposition. The in vitro depletion and overexpression experiments showed that decreased ß-arrestin2 inhibited HSCs collagen production and elevated TßRIII expression, thus downregulating the TGF-ß1 pathway components Smad2, Smad3 and Akt. These findings suggest that ß-arrestin2 deficiency ameliorates liver fibrosis in mice, and ß-arrestin2 may be a potential treatment target in hepatic fibrosis.

11.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 526(3): 805-812, 2020 06 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32268958

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the effect of paeoniflorin-6'-O-benzene sulfonate (CP-25) on the migration of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and the mechanism focused on CXCR4-Gßγ-PI3K/AKT signaling. METHODS: Human synovial tissues were collected from RA and osteoarthritis (OA) patients. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) and Western blot were used to detect the protein expression of CXCR4, GRK2, Gßγ, PI3K, p-PI3K, AKT and p-AKT. Transwell was adopted to analyse the migration of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS). Co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) and laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM) were used to detect the combination of GRK2 and Gßγ, the combination of PI3K and Gßγ. RESULTS: The expression level of CXCR4, GRK2, Gßγ, p-p85 and p-AKT were increased in RA synovial tissue according to the results of IHC and Western blot. In vitro, the migration of FLS was increased after stimulation of CXCL12, inhibition of Gßγ suppressed the migration and phosphorylation of p85 and AKT induced by CXCL12 in FLS, and CP-25 had the same effect as inhibition of Gßγ. The membrane expression of GRK2, Gßγ, PI3K and the combination of GRK2 and Gßγ, the combination of PI3K and Gßγ in FLS were increased after the stimulation of CXCL12, and CP-25 had an ability in reducing the membrane expression and the combination of these proteins. CONCLUSION: Excessive migration of FLS in RA was associated with over-activation of PI3K/AKT signaling, and the activity of Gßγ was involved in the over-activation of PI3K/AKT. CP-25 down-regulated CXCR4-Gßγ-PI3K/AKT signals by inhibiting GRK2-Gßγ complex membrane translocation.

12.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 133(12): 1390-1396, 2020 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32251003

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Critical patients with the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), even those whose nucleic acid test results had turned negative and those receiving maximal medical support, have been noted to progress to irreversible fatal respiratory failure. Lung transplantation (LT) as the sole therapy for end-stage pulmonary fibrosis related to acute respiratory distress syndrome has been considered as the ultimate rescue therapy for these patients. METHODS: From February 10 to March 10, 2020, three male patients were urgently assessed and listed for transplantation. After conducting a full ethical review and after obtaining assent from the family of the patients, we performed three LT procedures for COVID-19 patients with illness durations of more than one month and extremely high sequential organ failure assessment scores. RESULTS: Two of the three recipients survived post-LT and started participating in a rehabilitation program. Pearls of the LT team collaboration and perioperative logistics were summarized and continually improved. The pathological results of the explanted lungs were concordant with the critical clinical manifestation, and provided insight towards better understanding of the disease. Government health affair systems, virology detection tools, and modern communication technology all play key roles towards the survival of the patients and their rehabilitation. CONCLUSIONS: LT can be performed in end-stage patients with respiratory failure due to COVID-19-related pulmonary fibrosis. If confirmed positive-turned-negative virology status without organ dysfunction that could contraindicate LT, LT provided the final option for these patients to avoid certain death, with proper protection of transplant surgeons and medical staffs. By ensuring instant seamless care for both patients and medical teams, the goal of reducing the mortality rate and salvaging the lives of patients with COVID-19 can be attained.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Transplante de Pulmão/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Fibrose Pulmonar/cirurgia , /cirurgia , Idoso , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Fibrose Pulmonar/mortalidade , /mortalidade
13.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 22(5): 3112-3121, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31967127

RESUMO

The presence of unpaired electrons (radicals) due to structural defects is believed to contribute to the catalytic reactivity of carbon materials. Graphite oxide and graphene oxide (GO) consist of significant structural defects and hence are considered more reactive than graphite and graphene. However, the relationship between their radical content/reactivity and their physical and chemical structures remains unknown, which limits the fabrication of high efficiency carbon-based catalysts. In this work, we progressively oxidize graphite to achieve graphite oxide and GO with different levels of oxidation and different sizes. It is observed that a maximal radical content can be achieved on graphite oxide with a C/O ratio of ca. 3.0 and a thickness of around 50 nm. Such a graphite oxide contains about 45% of π bonds and 38% of oxygenated bonds, respectively. Thinner or thicker sheets have lower radical contents due to over or insufficient oxidation, respectively. Single GO sheets with high radical contents can only be produced through a combination of oxidation and reduction. The catalytic activity of the graphite/graphene oxide for phenol degradation was found to be linearly correlated to their radical contents. The observations are significant for the advancement of carbon-based metal-free catalysis.

14.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 41(6): 800-812, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31937932

RESUMO

IgD-Fc-Ig fusion protein, a new biological agent, is constructed by linking a segment of human IgD-Fc with a segment of human IgG1-Fc, which specifically blocks the IgD-IgDR pathway and selectively inhibits the abnormal proliferation, activation, and differentiation of T cells. In this study we investigated whether IgD-Fc-Ig exerted therapeutic effects in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) rats. CIA rats were treated with IgD-Fc-Ig (1, 3, and 9 mg/kg) or injected with biological agents etanercept (3 mg/kg) once every 3 days for 40 days. In the PBMCs and spleen lymphocytes of CIA rats, both T and B cells exhibited abnormal proliferation; the percentages of CD3+ total T cells, CD3+CD4+ Th cells, CD3+CD4+CD25+-activated Th cells, Th1(CD4+IFN-γ+), and Th17(CD4+IL-17+) were significantly increased, whereas the Treg (CD4+CD25+Foxp3+) cell percentage was decreased. IgD-Fc-Ig administration dose-dependently decreased the indicators of arthritis; alleviated the histopathology of spleen and joint; reduced serum inflammatory cytokines levels; decreased the percentages of CD3+ total T cells, CD3+CD4+ Th cells, CD3+CD4+CD25+-activated Th cells, Th1 (CD4+IFN-γ+), and Th17(CD4+IL-17+); increased Treg (CD4+CD25+Foxp3+) cell percentage; and down-regulated the expression of key molecules in IgD-IgDR-Lck-NF-κB signaling (p-Lck, p-ZAP70, p-P38, p-NF-κB65). Treatment of normal T cells with IgD (9 µg/mL) in vitro promoted their proliferation. Co-treatment with IgD-Fc-Ig (0.1-10 µg/mL) dose-dependently decreased IgD-stimulated T cell subsets percentages and down-regulated the IgD-IgDR-Lck-NF-κB signaling. In summary, this study demonstrates that IgD-Fc-Ig alleviates CIA and regulates the functions of T cells through inhibiting IgD-IgDR-Lck-NF-κB signaling.

15.
World J Clin Cases ; 7(22): 3851-3858, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31799314

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis (PAM) is a rare idiopathic lung disease characterized by the accumulation of innumerable microliths. Currently, effective therapeutics for PAM are not available, and the only treatment for end-stage lung disease is lung transplantation (LuTx). Further, there are few reports that focus on LuTx for the treatment of PAM, and the follow-up reports of postoperative imaging are even rarer. CASE SUMMARY: A 52-year-old man presented to Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital in 2017 after experiencing shortness of breath and exacerbation. The patient was diagnosed with PAM and referred for single-LuTx (SLuTx) on March 14, 2018. Preoperative imaging results from a chest X-ray demonstrated bilateral, diffuse, symmetrical, sandstorm-like radiopaque micronodules, and pneumothorax and a computed tomography scan revealed minute, calcified military nodules in both lungs. We performed a left SLuTx, and intraoperative pathology was consistent with PAM. One week after surgery, a chest X-ray revealed slight exudation of the left lung, and one month later, the left transplanted lung exhibited good dilation, mild pulmonary perfusion injury with local infection, and left pleural effusion. Fiberoptic bronchoscopy revealed left hyperplastic granulation at the left bronchial anastomosis. Multiple sputum cultures suggested the presence of Klebsiella pneumoniae and Acinetobacter baumannii. The last follow-up was conducted in April 2019; the patient recovered well. CONCLUSION: This case presents the imaging findings of a patient with PAM before and after LuTx and confirms the effectiveness of LuTx for the treatment of this disease.

16.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 132(23): 2783-2789, 2019 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31856048

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lung transplantation (LT) has been demonstrated as the only effective therapy for patients with end-stage lung diseases. Increasing listed lung transplant candidates and expanding volumes of lung transplant centers across China require well-organized programs and registry data collection based on the large population. This study aimed to summarize and analyze the data of LT development in China. METHODS: We retrospectively collected and analyzed data from the China Lung Transplantation Registry (CLuTR). Key data were reported from the registry with transplant types, indications, donor and recipient characteristics, outcomes and survival. The survival <30 days, 1-year and 3-year survival rates were estimated with risk factors identified. RESULTS: CLuTR contained data from 1053 lung transplants performed through January 1st, 2015 to December 31st, 2018 reported by 18 registered transplant centers. The largest category of diagnosis before transplantation was idiopathic interstitial pneumonitis. The total <30 days, 1-year and 3-year survival rates in CLuTR were 81.45%, 70.11%, and 61.16% with discrepancy by indications. Large proportion of recipients who were more than 60 years old required higher standard of care. Infection-related complications resulted in more death events in the early post-surgery periods. New York Heart Association grading at listing, extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation usage peri-transplantation, allograft dysfunction (primary graft dysfunction >Grade 0), renal insufficiency (estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 mL·min·1.73 m), were independently associated with a higher risk for 3-year mortality in the entire cohort. CONCLUSIONS: Facing more end-stage of lung diseases and comorbidities, this study analyzed the outcomes and survival of LT recipients in China. Further prospectively stratified analyses with longer follow-up will be needed.


Assuntos
Transplante de Pulmão/estatística & dados numéricos , China , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Humanos , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(47): e18109, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31764849

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) can lead to an increase in right ventricular load and subsequently heart failure, making severe PAH a contraindication for pregnancy. In addition, PAH may worsen during pregnancy and puerperium, which requires high-quality critical care. This report is the first instance in which a patient with severe PAH, survived a successful atrial septal defect (ASD) repair and bilateral lung transplantation during puerperium. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 42-year-old pregnant woman with congenital heart disease (CHD) and severe PAH was admitted to our hospital for the management of pregnancy and delivery. The patient was diagnosed with severe PAH in 2013, and no significant improvements or deteriorations were found until this pregnancy-related hospital admission. DIAGNOSIS: The patient was diagnosed with CHD and severe PAH in 2013 with color Doppler echocardiography, right cardiac catheterization, and pulmonary perfusion imaging. The patient's mean pulmonary arterial pressure increased to 140 mm Hg during pregnancy, suggesting an exacerbated PAH with high risks to both her and the unborn child. INTERVENTIONS: The patient was treated with PAH-targeting treprostinil injection to reduce pulmonary artery pressure. Caesarean section was performed at 27 weeks and 5 days of gestation. The patient was put under extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) with the help of local anesthesia before the operation. The investigators finally conducted a bilateral lung transplantation with a shell incision of the sternum under cardiopulmonary bypass. OUTCOMES: The mother and the neonate survived and recovered well after the operation, and were discharged from the hospital on the fourth month post-hospitalization. LESSONS: Severe PAH is an absolute contraindication for pregnancy. However, for patients who insist on a pregnancy, it could be plausible to proceed with a targeted drug therapy and ECMO after conducting a cesarean section, and finally, a lung transplantation. Multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment is the key to the successful treatment of a PAH-complicated pregnancy.


Assuntos
Cesárea , Hipertensão Pulmonar/cirurgia , Transplante de Pulmão , Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez , Adulto , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/complicações , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/complicações , Hipertensão Pulmonar/terapia , Transplante de Pulmão/métodos , Gravidez , Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez/terapia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
19.
Brain Res ; 1714: 158-165, 2019 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30797747

RESUMO

G protein-coupled estrogen receptor 1 (GPER1, also known as GPR30) has been reported to play a wide range of function in the central nervous system (CNS). However, whether GPER1 is expressed by neural stem/progenitor cells (NSPCs) and its role has not been established. Here, we found the expression of GPER1 in mouse-derived NSPCs via western blot and immunofluorescent staining. Moreover, we revealed that specific activation of GPER1 by the agonist G1 decreased the proliferation of NSPCs in a dose-dependent manner. The neurosphere formation assay and Ki67 staining further demonstrated that activation of GPER1 inhibited the proliferation of NSPCs. Additionally, the inhibitory effect of G1 on the proliferation of NSPCs could be blocked by the specific GPER1 antagonist G15. Intriguingly, ERK pathway was involved in the negative effect of GPER1 on the proliferation of NSPCs, because the phosphorylation level of ERK in NSPCs was remarkably decreased during G1 treatment. However, the antagonist G15 reversed the down-regulated level of p-ERK. Knock-down GPER1 also reversed the inhibitory effect of G1 on NSPCs proliferation. Together, our results provide the first evidence that GPER1 is expressed by NSPCs and its activation negatively modulates the proliferation of NSPCs, highlighting the importance of GPER1 in regulating NSPC behaviors.


Assuntos
Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Células-Tronco Neurais/metabolismo , Receptores Estrogênicos/metabolismo , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/metabolismo , Animais , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Células Cultivadas , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/metabolismo , MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular/metabolismo , Feminino , Masculino , Camundongos , Células-Tronco Neurais/citologia , Fosforilação
20.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 40(6): 801-813, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30446734

RESUMO

Paeoniflorin-6'-O-benzene sulfonate (CP-25) is a new ester derivative of paeoniflorin with improved lipid solubility and oral bioavailability, as well as better anti-inflammatory activity than its parent compound. In this study we explored whether CP-25 exerted therapeutic effects in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mice through regulating B-cell activating factor (BAFF)-BAFF receptors-mediated signaling pathways. CIA mice were given CP-25 or injected with biological agents rituximab or etanercept for 40 days. In CIA mice, we found that T cells and B cells exhibited abnormal proliferation; the percentages of CD19+ total B cells, CD19+CD27+-activated B cells, CD19+BAFFR+ and CD19+TACI+ cells were significantly increased in PBMCs and spleen lymphocytes. CP-25 suppressed the indicators of arthritis, alleviated histopathology, accompanied by reduced BAFF and BAFF receptors expressions, inhibited serum immunoglobulin levels, decreased the B-cell subsets percentages, and prevented the expressions of key molecules in NF-κB signaling. Furthermore, we showed that treatment with CP-25 reduced CD19+TRAF2+ cell expressions stimulated by BAFF and decreased TRAF2 overexpression in HEK293 cells in vitro. Thus, CP-25 restored the abnormal T cells proliferation and B-cell percentages to the normal levels, and normalized the elevated levels of IgA, IgG2a and key proteins in NF-κB signaling. In comparison, rituximab and etanercept displayed stronger anti-inflammatory activities than CP-25; they suppressed the elevated inflammatory indexes to below the normal levels in CIA mice. In summary, our results provide evidence that CP-25 alleviates CIA and regulates the functions of B cells through BAFF-TRAF2-NF-κB signaling. CP-25 would be a soft immunomodulatory drug with anti-inflammatory effect.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Glucosídeos/uso terapêutico , Monoterpenos/uso terapêutico , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Artrite Experimental/induzido quimicamente , Artrite Reumatoide/induzido quimicamente , Fator Ativador de Células B/metabolismo , Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Colágeno , Etanercepte/uso terapêutico , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Articulações/patologia , Ativação Linfocitária/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos DBA , Subunidade p50 de NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Baço/patologia , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Fator 2 Associado a Receptor de TNF/metabolismo
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