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1.
Vet Parasitol ; 279: 109062, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32126343

RESUMO

Ascaris lumbricoides and Ascaris suum are parasitic nematodes that mainly parasitize the small intestines of people and pigs, respectively. Ascariasis seriously endangers human health and causes huge economic losses in the pig industry. A. lumbricoides and A. suum have similar morphologies and genetic structures, and occasionally these organisms cross-infect the alternate host. Therefore, their taxonomies are controversial. In this study, the whole genomes of A. lumbricoides (n = 6) and A. suum (n = 6) were resequenced using a HiSeq X Ten sequencing platform. Phylogenetic, principal component, and population structure analyses showed clear genetic differentiation between the two Ascaris populations. Linkage disequilibrium analysis indicated that the A. lumbricoides population was more primitive than the A. suum population. In the selective elimination analysis, 160 and 139 candidate regions were screened in A. lumbricoides and A. suum, respectively, and the selected regions were analyzed by Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analyses. The A. lumbricoides population had no significant enrichment in GO terms, but two KEGG pathways, the RNA degradation and tyrosine metabolism pathways, were significantly enriched. Five GO entries and one KEGG pathway, the alanine, aspartate, and glutamate metabolism signaling pathway, were significantly enriched in the A. suum population. An analysis of the demographic histories of Ascaris populations revealed that A. lumbricoides and A. suum had similar trends in effective population size in different historical periods. Ascaris populations peaked about 1 million years ago and then began to decline. In the last glacial period, they dropped to a historical low and continued at this level until the last glacial maximum. This phenomenon may be associated with the cold climate at that time. This study provides new information on the genetic differentiation, evolutionary relationships, gene functional enrichment, and population dynamics of Ascaris populations, with implications for host differences, evolution, and classification of A. lumbricoides and A. suum.

2.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(4): 3516-3557, 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32045365

RESUMO

Programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) and its ligands, particularly PD-L1 and PD-L2, are the most important proteins responsible for signaling T-cell inhibition and arbitrating immune homeostasis and tolerance mechanisms. However, the adaptive evolution of these genes is poorly understood. In this study, we aligned protein-coding genes from vertebrate species to evaluate positive selection constraints and evolution in the PD1, PD-L1 and PD-L2 genes conserved across up to 166 vertebrate species, with an average of 55 species per gene. We determined that although the positive selection was obvious, an average of 5.3% of codons underwent positive selection in the three genes across vertebrate lineages, and increased positive selection pressure was detected in both the Ig-like domains and transmembrane domains of the proteins. Moreover, the PD1, PD-L1 and PD-L2 genes were highly expressed in almost all tissues of the selected species indicating a distinct expression pattern in different tissues among most species. Our study reveals that adaptive selection plays a key role in the evolution of PD1 and its ligands in the majority of vertebrate species, which is in agreement with the contribution of these residues to the mechanisms of pathogen identification and coevolution in the complexity and novelties of vertebrate immune systems.

3.
Neuroendocrinology ; 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31940636

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate whether the European Neuroendocrine Tumor Society (ENETS) system or the 8th American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging manual are suitable for gastric neuroendocrine carcinomas and/or mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinomas (G-NECs/MANECs). METHODS: Patients in the a multicentric series with G-NEC/MANEC who underwent curative-intent surgical resection for a primary tumor were included. An optimal staging system was proposed base on analysis of the T and N status and validated by the SEER database. RESULTS: Compared with the ENETS system, the survival curves of the T category and N category in the 8th AJCC system were better separated and distributed in a more balanced way, but the survival curves of T2 vs T3, N0 vs N1, and N3a vs N3b overlapped. For the T category, the 8th AJCC T category was modified by combining T2 and T3, which was consistent with the T category in the 6th AJCC manual for GC. For the N category, the optimal cut-off values of metastatic lymph nodes using X-tile were also similar to those of the N category in the 6th AJCC system. The Kaplan-Meier plots of the 6th AJCC system showed statistically significant differences between individual substages. Compared with the other two classifications, the 6th AJCC system also showed superior prognostic stratification. Similar results were obtained in both multicentric and SEER validation sets. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to the 8th AJCC and ENETS systems, the 6th AJCC staging system for GC is more suitable for G-NEC/MANEC and can be adopted in clinical practice.

4.
J Nat Prod ; 82(12): 3456-3463, 2019 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31823605

RESUMO

Seven new quinazoline-containing indole alkaloids (1-7) named aspertoryadins A-G, along with nine known ones (8-16), were isolated from the marine-derived fungus Aspergillus sp. HNMF114 from the bivalve mollusk Sanguinolaria chinensis. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated from spectroscopic data, X-ray diffraction analysis, ECD spectra analysis, and ECD calculations. Compound 1 bears an aminosulfonyl group in the structure, which is rarely encountered in natural products. Compounds 6, 7, and 13 exhibited quorum sensing inhibitory activity against Chromobacterium violaceum CV026 with MIC values of 32, 32, and 16 µg/well, respectively.

5.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 32(12): 1138-1143, 2019 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31870074

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To conclude of the technical notes of percutaneous transforaminal endoscope-assisted lumbar interbody fusion (PT-Endo-LIF), and to investigate its safety and efficacy for treatment of degenerative lumbar disease. METHODS: Twenty-four patients were treated by PT-Endo-LIF combined with posterior percutaneous pedicle screws fixation from October 2017 to April 2018. There were 16 males and 8 females, ranging in age from 39 to 72 years old, with a mean of (59.6±9.5) years old. There were 15 cases diagnosed with lumbar intervertebral disc herniation combined with degenerative disc, the other 9 cases were diagnosed as low level lumbar spondylolistheses w/o segmental instability. Single segmental fusion was performed for 22 cases(one for L2,3, 3 for L3,4 and 18 for L4,5) and 2 segmental fusion was performed for the other 2 cases (both for L3,4 and L4,5). PT-Endo-LIF was performed under local anesthesia with conscious sedation, followed by decompression through endoscopic technics. After that, end-plate preparation and autogenous bone and expandable cage implantation were performed. Finally, percutaneous screws and rod instrumentation were used. The visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were used to evaluate the clinical efficacy. The operation time, intraoperative bleeding volume, intraoperative and postoperative complications were recorded. All patients underwent X-ray, CT plain scan, three-dimensional reconstruction and MRI examination to evaluate the stability of the implants and fusion rate before 3 days and 1, 3, 6, 12 and 18 months after operation. RESULTS: All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 12 to 18 months. The operation time of single-segment fusion was (192.3±22.7) min, and that of double-segment fusion was (272.5±24.7) min. The estimated intraoperative bleeding volume was less than 50 ml per segment, and no blood transfusion was performed in all patients. The VAS improved from preoperative 7.4±1.1 to postoperative 2.3±0.8 (t=-19.65, P<0.000 5). The ODI improved from preoperative (41.2±3.3)% to the final follow-up (12.3±2.5)%(t=-35.76, P<0.000 5). Postoperative complications occurred in 4 cases, and contralateral radicular symptoms occurred in 2 cases. After contralateral foraminoscopic decompression, the symptoms were completely alleviated. One case had neurological symptoms related to percutaneous screw placement, and the symptoms were alleviated after removal of the lateral screw rod internal fixation. The other cases had surgical incision infection and improved after debridement and suture. At the latest follow-up, no displacement or loosening of the fusion cage and screw rod system occurred in all patients, and 14 cases showed signs of fusion. CONCLUSIONS: PT-Endo-LIF is a minimal invasive, safe and efficient surgical procedure for treatment of degenerative lumbar disease. Nevertheless, the long-term results still need to be confirmed by a multi-center and lagre sample follow-up study.


Assuntos
Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral , Fusão Vertebral , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neuroendoscopia , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 10(20): 6239-6245, 2019 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31580673

RESUMO

Manipulating triplet states is technically intriguing for organic semiconductors and photochemical conversion. Sensitized photon upconversion that converts low-energy photons into higher-energy ones via triplet fusion holds great potential in augmentation of photovoltaic devices and photocatalysis. Conventional requirement of exothermic triplet-triplet energy transfer in sensitized upconversion constrains the development of upconversion donor-acceptor pairs. We demonstrate an upconversion system by utilizing a triplet energy-deficient donor within a triplet acceptor matrix, in which efficient thermally activated triplet-triplet energy transfer overcoming an energy barrier of up to 180 meV and an over 5% upconversion quantum yield in the solid state are achieved upon 635 nm irradiation at 195 mW/cm2. The effective solid-state upconversion through thermally activated triplet-triplet energy transfer establishes a new pathway to extract triplet energy from low-lying sensitizers, transcending traditional restriction in matching components energy level.

7.
Chemistry ; 25(71): 16270-16276, 2019 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31587399

RESUMO

The solar generation of hydrogen by water splitting provides a promising path for renewable hydrogen production and solar energy storage. Upconversion of low-energy photons into high-energy photons constitutes a promising strategy to enhance the light harvesting efficiency of artificial hydrogen production systems. In the present study, upconversion micelles are integrated with Cd0.5 Zn0.5 S to construct solar energy conversion systems. The upconversion micelle is employed to upconvert red photons to cyan photons. Cd0.5 Zn0.5 S is sensitized by upconverted cyan light to produce hydrogen, but not by incident red light without triplet-triplet annihilation upconversion (TTA-UC). The performance of the upconversion photocatalytic system was dramatically affected by the concentration of Cd0.5 Zn0.5 S and the irradiation intensity. This novel system was able to produce about 2.3 µL hydrogen after 5 h of red light (629 nm) irradiation (2.4 mW cm-2 ). The present study provides a candidate for applications using low-energy photons for solar hydrogen generation.

8.
Viruses ; 11(11)2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31652964

RESUMO

Pangolins are endangered animals in urgent need of protection. Identifying and cataloguing the viruses carried by pangolins is a logical approach to evaluate the range of potential pathogens and help with conservation. This study provides insight into viral communities of Malayan Pangolins (Manis javanica) as well as the molecular epidemiology of dominant pathogenic viruses between Malayan Pangolin and other hosts. A total of 62,508 de novo assembled contigs were constructed, and a BLAST search revealed 3600 ones (≥300 nt) were related to viral sequences, of which 68 contigs had a high level of sequence similarity to known viruses, while dominant viruses were the Sendai virus and Coronavirus. This is the first report on the viral diversity of pangolins, expanding our understanding of the virome in endangered species, and providing insight into the overall diversity of viruses that may be capable of directly or indirectly crossing over into other mammals.

9.
Eur J Med Chem ; 179: 166-181, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31254919

RESUMO

This work did a new exploration towards aminothiazolquinolone oximes as potentially multi-targeting antimicrobial agents. A class of novel hybrids of quinolone, aminothiazole, piperazine and oxime fragments were designed for the first time, conveniently synthesized as well as characterized by 1H NMR, 13C NMR and HRMS spectra. Biological activity showed that some of the synthesized compounds exhibited good antimicrobial activities in comparison with the reference drugs. Especially, O-methyl oxime derivative 10b displayed excellent inhibitory efficacy against MRSA and S. aureus 25923 with MIC values of 0.009 and 0.017 mM, respectively. Further studies indicated that the highly active compound 10b showed low toxicity toward BEAS-2B and A549 cell lines and no obvious propensity to trigger the development of bacterial resistance. Quantum chemical studies have also been conducted and rationally explained the structural features essential for activity. The preliminarily mechanism exploration revealed that compound 10b could not only exert efficient membrane permeability by interfering with the integrity of cells, bind with topoisomerase IV-DNA complex through hydrogen bonds and π-π stacking, but also form a steady biosupramolecular complex by intercalating into DNA to exert the efficient antibacterial activity. The supramolecular interaction between compound 10b and human serum albumin (HSA) was a static quenching, and the binding process was spontaneous, where hydrogen bonds and van der Waals force played vital roles in the supramolecular transportation of the active compound 10b by HSA.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Desenho de Drogas , Oximas/farmacologia , Quinolonas/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/síntese química , Antibacterianos/química , DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , DNA Topoisomerase IV/antagonistas & inibidores , DNA Topoisomerase IV/metabolismo , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/efeitos dos fármacos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Estrutura Molecular , Oximas/síntese química , Oximas/química , Teoria Quântica , Quinolonas/síntese química , Quinolonas/química , Albumina Sérica Humana/metabolismo , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
10.
Front Microbiol ; 10: 889, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31105676

RESUMO

Increasing evidence has manifested that the gut bacterial microbiota of shrimps is closely related to the environmental factors, host developmental stage and health status like that of humans and animals does. These studies have provided an important guidance for improving shrimp culture benefits. In practice, aside from bacteria, eukaryotic microorganisms dominated by fungal microbiota (mycobiota), also play a key role in host growth, metabolism and homeostasis. However, little so far is known about the mycobiota in the digestive tract of shrimp. In this study, we used high-throughput sequencing of internal transcribed spacer 1 region to characterize the hepatopancreas and intestinal mycobiota of Pacific white shrimp and their connections with disease incidence and seasonal variation. The results showed that the hepatopancreas and intestinal mycobiota of Litopenaeus vannamei are dominated by the phyla Ascomycota and Basidiomycota, and the genera Alternaria, Tuber, Hortaea, Sarocladium, and Stagonospora. The fungal microbiota significantly varies under the influence of disease and seasonal variation. Sick shrimps had a higher level of potential pathogenic fungus, Candida in the intestine. Healthy shrimps had a higher abundance of the genera Didymella and Filobasidium in the gut, and Pyrenochaetopsis in the hepatopancreas. Of note, most of the fungi carried by Pacific white shrimps were pathogens to humans. This study has revealed the intestinal and hepatopancreas mycobiota of L. vannamei and the effects of diseases and seasonal variation to the mycobiota. Our study provides important guidance for Pacific white shrimp farming and sheds further insight on the fungal microbiota.

11.
PeerJ ; 7: e6709, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31106045

RESUMO

Objective: Sturgeons are considered living fossils, and have a very high conservation and economic value. Studies on the molecular mechanism of sturgeon gonadal development and sex differentiation would not only aid in understanding vertebrate sex determination but also benefit sturgeon aquaculture. Piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) have been shown to function in germline or gonadal development. In this study, we performed small RNA deep sequencing and microarray hybridization to identify potential sturgeon piRNAs. Methods: Male and female sturgeon gonads were collected and used for small RNA sequencing on an Illumina HiSeq platform with the validation of piRNA expression by microarray chip. The program Bowtie and k-mer scheme were performed to filter small RNA reads and discover potential sturgeon piRNAs. A known piRNA database, the coding sequence (CDS), 5' and 3' untranslated region (UTR) database of the A. Schrenckii transcriptome, Gene Ontology (GO) database and KEGG pathway database were searched subsequently to analyze the potential bio-function of sturgeon piRNAs. Results: A total of 875,679 putative sturgeon piRNAs were obtained, including 93 homologous to known piRNAs and hundreds showing sex-specific and sex-biased expression. Further analysis showed that they are predominant in both the ovaries and testes and those with a sex-specific expression pattern are nearly equally distribution between sexes. This may imply a relevant role in sturgeon gonadal development. KEGG pathway and GO annotation analyses indicated that they may be related to sturgeon reproductive processes. Conclusion: Our study provides the first insights into the gonadal piRNAs in a sturgeon species and should serve as a useful resource for further elucidation of the gene regulation involved in the sex differentiation of vertebrates. These results should also facilitate the technological development of early sex identification in sturgeon aquaculture.

12.
Small ; 15(31): e1901304, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31120188

RESUMO

2D mesoporous materials fabricated via the assembly of nanoparticles (NPs) not only possess the unique properties of nanoscale building blocks but also manifest additional collective properties due to the interactions between NPs. In this work, reported is a facile and designable way to prepare free-standing 2D mesoporous gold (Au) superstructures with a honeycomb-like configuration. During the fabrication process, Au NPs with an average diameter of 5.0 nm are assembled into a superlattice film on a diethylene glycol substrate. Then, a subsequent thermal treatment at 180 °C induces NP attachment, forming the honeycomb-like ordered mesoporous Au superstructures. Each individual NP connects with three neighboring NPs in the adjacent layer to form a tetrahedron-based framework. Mesopores confined in the superstructure have a uniform size of 3.5 nm and are arranged in an ordered hexagonal array. The metallic bonding between Au NPs increases the structural stability of architected superstructures, allowing them to be easily transferred to various substrates. In addition, electron energy-loss spectroscopy experiments and 3D finite-difference time-domain simulations reveal that electric field enhancement occurs at the confined mesopores when the superstructures are excited by light, showing their potential in nano-plasmonic applications.

13.
Molecules ; 24(7)2019 04 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30970599

RESUMO

Essential oils (EOs) have been shown to have a diversity of beneficial human health effects. Clausena is a large and highly diverse genus of plants with medicinal and cosmetic significance. The aim of this study was to analyze the composition of Clausena lansium EOs and to investigate their potential antifungal effects. The chemical compositions of Clausena lansium EOs obtained by hydrodistillation were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). A total of 101 compounds were identified among the diverse extracts of C. lansium. EOs of leaves and pericarps from different cultivars (Hainan local wampee and chicken heart wampee) collected in Hainan (China) were classified into four clusters based on their compositions. These clusters showed different antifungal activities against five Candida species (C. albicans, C. tropicalis, C. glabrata, C. krusei and C. parapsilosis) using the disc diffusion method. Clausena lansium EOs of pericarps displayed noteworthy antifungal activitives against all the tested Candida strains with inhibition zone diameters in the range of 11.1­23.1 mm. EOs of leaves showed relatively low antifungal activities with inhibition zone diameters in the range of 6.5­22.2 mm. The rank order of antifungal activities among the four EO clusters was as follows: Cluster IV> Cluster III > Cluster I ≥ Cluster II. These results represent the first report about the correlation between chemical composition of C. lansium EOs and antifungal activity. Higher contents of ß-phellandrene, ß-sesquiphellandrene and ß-bisabolene in EOs of pericarps were likely responsible for the high antifungal activity of Cluster IV EOs. Taken together, our results demonstrate the chemical diversity of Clausena lansium EOs and their potential as novel antifungal agents for candidiasis caused by Candida spp. Furthermore, the obtained results showing a wide spectrum of antifungal activities provide scientific evidence for the traditional use of these plants.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos , Candida/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Clausena/química , Óleos Voláteis , Antifúngicos/química , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Candidíase/tratamento farmacológico , Cicloexenos/química , Cicloexenos/farmacologia , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Monoterpenos/química , Monoterpenos/farmacologia , Óleos Voláteis/química , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Sesquiterpenos/química , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
14.
PeerJ ; 7: e6574, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30886772

RESUMO

The crocodile lizard (Shinisaurus crocodilurus Ahl, 1930) is an endangered reptile species, and in recent years many have died from diseases, especially the rescued and breeding individuals. However, pathogens underlying these diseases are unclear. In this study, we report our effort in rapidly identifying and isolating the pathogen that causes high mortality in crocodile lizards from Guangdong Luokeng Shinisaurus crocodilurus National Nature Reserve. The typical symptom is cutaneous granuloma in the infected crocodile lizards. Metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) is a comprehensive approach for sequence-based identification of pathogenic microbes. In this study, 16S rDNA based mNGS was used for rapid identification of pathogens, and microscopy and microbe isolation were used to confirm the results. Austwickia chelonae was identified to be the dominant pathogen in the granuloma using 16S rDNA based mNGS. Chinese skinks were used as an animal model to verify the pathogenicity of A. chelonae to fulfill Koch's postulates. As expected, subcutaneous inoculation of A. chelonae induced granulomas in the healthy Chinese skinks and the A. chelonae was re-isolated from the induced granulomas. Therefore, A. chelonae was the primary pathogen that caused this high mortality disease, cutaneous granuloma, in crocodile lizards from Guangdong Luokeng Shinisaurus crocodilurus National Nature Reserve. Antibiotics analysis demonstrated that A. chelonae was sensitive to cephalothin, minocycline and ampicillin, but not to kanamycin, gentamicin, streptomycin and clarithromycin, suggesting a possible treatment for the infected crocodile lizards. However, surgical resection of the nodules as early as possible was recommended. This study is the first report of pathogenic analysis in crocodile lizards and provides a reference for disease control and conservations of the endangered crocodile lizards and other reptiles. In addition, this study indicated that mNGS of lesions could be used to detect the pathogens in animals with benefits in speed and convenient.

15.
J Wildl Dis ; 55(4): 947-950, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30896364

RESUMO

We report here the complete genome sequence of the parainfluenza virus PIV5-GD18 strain, isolated from a wild Sunda pangolin (Manis javanica) in China in 2017. It was 15,246 nucleotides with four nucleotides substitutions, which resulted in four changes of amino acid that were found only in PIV5-GD18, which further broadens the PIV5 infection host spectrum and will aid in our understanding of the complete genome sequence of PIV5 in different hosts.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30701233

RESUMO

The complete genome sequence of Morganella morganii DG56-16 was sequenced. This strain was isolated from the liver of a dead crocodile lizard (Shinisaurus crocodilurus). The genome size was 3.9 Mb, with a G+C content of 50.9%.

17.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 87: 346-359, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30677515

RESUMO

To better understand the immune system of shrimp, this study combined PacBio isoform sequencing (Iso-Seq) and Illumina paired-end short reads sequencing methods to discover full-length immune-related molecules of the Pacific white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei. A total of 72,648 nonredundant full-length transcripts (unigenes) were generated with an average length of 2545 bp from five main tissues, including the hepatopancreas, cardiac stomach, heart, muscle, and pyloric stomach. These unigenes exhibited a high annotation rate (62,164, 85.57%) when compared against NR, NT, Swiss-Prot, Pfam, GO, KEGG and COG databases. A total of 7544 putative long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) were detected and 1164 nonredundant full-length transcripts (449 UniTransModels) participated in the alternative splicing (AS) events. Importantly, a total of 5279 nonredundant full-length unigenes were successfully identified, which were involved in the innate immune system, including 9 immune-related processes, 19 immune-related pathways and 10 other immune-related systems. We also found wide transcript variants, which increased the number and function complexity of immune molecules; for example, toll-like receptors (TLRs) and interferon regulatory factors (IRFs). The 480 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were significantly higher or tissue-specific expression patterns in the hepatopancreas compared with that in other four tested tissues (FDR <0.05). Furthermore, the expression levels of six selected immune-related DEGs and putative IRFs were validated using real-time PCR technology, substantiating the reliability of the PacBio Iso-seq results. In conclusion, our results provide new genetic resources of long-read full-length transcripts data and information for identifying immune-related genes, which are an invaluable transcriptomic resource as genomic reference, especially for further exploration of the innate immune and defense mechanisms of shrimp.


Assuntos
Imunidade Inata/genética , Penaeidae/genética , Penaeidae/imunologia , Transcriptoma/imunologia , Animais , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
18.
Gene ; 692: 208-216, 2019 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30664913

RESUMO

It is widely known that transcriptional diversity contributes greatly to biological regulation in eukaryotes. With the development of next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies, several studies on RNA sequencing have considerably improved our understanding of transcriptome complexity. However, obtaining full-length (FL) transcripts remains a considerable challenge because of difficulties in short read-based assembly. In the present study, single-molecule real-time (SMRT) sequencing and NGS were combined to generate the complete and FL transcriptome of Manis javanica. The results provide a comprehensive set of reference transcripts and hence contribute to the improved annotation of the M. javanica genome. We obtained 45,530 high-confidence transcripts from 19,109 genic loci, of which 8014 genes have not yet been annotated within the M. javanica genome. Furthermore, we revealed 8824 long-chain noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs). A total of 30,199 alternative splicing (AS) and 11,184 alternative polyadenylation (APA) events were identified in the sequencing data. The structure and expression level of 59 digestive enzyme genes, including 13 carbohydrase genes, 28 lipase genes and 18 protease genes, were analyzed, which might provide original data for further research on M. javanica.


Assuntos
Eutérios/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Processamento Alternativo , Animais , Enzimas/genética , Enzimas/metabolismo , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Loci Gênicos , Genoma , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Repetições de Microssatélites , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Poliadenilação/genética , Sítios de Splice de RNA , RNA Longo não Codificante , Transcriptoma
19.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(8): 2321-2325, 2019 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30548557

RESUMO

NH3 synthesis by the electrocatalytic N2 reduction reaction (NRR) under ambient conditions is an appealing alternative to the currently employed industrial method-the Haber-Bosch process-that requires high temperature and pressure. We report single Mo atoms anchored to nitrogen-doped porous carbon as a cost-effective catalyst for the NRR. Benefiting from the optimally high density of active sites and hierarchically porous carbon frameworks, this catalyst achieves a high NH3 yield rate (34.0±3.6 µg NH 3 h-1 mgcat. -1 ) and a high Faradaic efficiency (14.6±1.6 %) in 0.1 m KOH at room temperature. These values are considerably higher compared to previously reported non-precious-metal electrocatalysts. Moreover, this catalyst displays no obvious current drop during a 50 000 s NRR, and high activity and durability are achieved in 0.1 m HCl. The findings provide a promising lead for the design of efficient and robust single-atom non-precious-metal catalysts for the electrocatalytic NRR.

20.
Sensors (Basel) ; 18(12)2018 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30513593

RESUMO

The BeiDou system satellites may be unhealthy due to many reasons, affecting system performance in different ways. Therefore, it is important to analyze the causes and characteristics of the satellites' unhealthy states. In this study, these states are classified into five types based on the broadcast ephemeris. Three criteria are presented, based on which a general classification method is proposed. Data from July 2017 to June 2018 are analyzed to validate the method, from which we know that the average unhealthy duration due to satellite maneuvers is much longer than the duration of unhealthy states related to satellite orbit or clock anomalies, and the other unhealthy states may be caused by inbound or outbound satellites. Statistics show that most of the time, the number of unhealthy satellites is no more than two and the average positioning accuracy in the service area will decrease by no more than 0.75 and 1.2 meters when one or two BDS satellites are unhealthy, respectively.

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