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1.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 153: 110972, 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32056850

RESUMO

Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are widely detected in coastal wetlands but their remediation is still difficult. In this study, different carbon sources, namely formate, acetate, pyruvate, lactate, succinate, methanol and ethanol, were added to mangrove sediments contaminated with BDE-47, a common PBDE congener, to enhance its degradation. After 2-month incubation, all carbon addition significantly enhanced degradation percentages. The residual BDE-47 percentage significantly correlated with the abundance of total bacteria and Dehalococcoides spp. The addition of methanol, acetate and succinate also achieved significantly higher degradation rates and shorter half-lives than sediments without carbon amendment at the end of 5-month incubation, although degradation percentages were comparable between sediments with and without extra carbon. The degradation pathway based on the profiles of degradation products was also similar among treatments. The results indicated the stimulatory effect of extra carbon sources on BDE-47 degradation in contaminated sediments was carbon- and time-specific.

2.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(3): 2302-2332, 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32028264

RESUMO

Immune status affects the initiation and progression of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), the most common subtype of renal cell carcinoma. In this study, we identified an immune-related, five-gene signature that improves survival prediction in ccRCC. Patients were classified as high- and low-risk based on the signature risk score. Survival analysis showed differential prognosis, while principal component analysis revealed distinctly different immune phenotypes between the two risk groups. High-risk patients tended to have advanced stage, higher grade disease, and poorer prognoses. Functional enrichment analysis showed that the signature genes were mainly involved in the cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction pathway. Moreover, we found that tumors from high-risk patients had higher relative abundance of T follicular helper cells, regulatory T cells, and M0 macrophages, and higher expression of PD-1, CTLA-4, LAG3, and CD47 than low-risk patients. This suggests our gene signature may not only serve as an indicator of tumor immune status, but may be a promising tool to select high-risk patients who may benefit from immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that the signature remained an independent prognostic factor after adjusting for clinicopathological variables, while prognostic accuracy was further improved after integrating clinical parameters into the analysis.

3.
Fitoterapia ; : 104494, 2020 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32045693

RESUMO

Two new phthalideisoquinoline hemiacetal alkaloid derivatives, named corybensines A and B (1 and 2), and four known alkaloids (3-6) were isolated from the bulbs of Corydalis decumbens. Their structures were characterized by analysis of 1D/2D NMR and ECD data, quantum chemical ECD calculations, and by X-ray diffraction analysis. Among them, compound 2 represents the first naturally occurring phthalideisoquinoline hemiacetal alkaloid derivative with a 2-pyrrolidinone moiety. The activity of the isolated compounds towards neuronal excitability was examined.

5.
Plant Cell Environ ; 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32012309

RESUMO

Hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) is emerging as an important signalling molecule that regulates plant growth and abiotic stress responses. However, the roles of H2 S in symbiotic nitrogen (N) assimilation and remobilization have not been characterized. Therefore, we examined how H2 S influences the soybean (Glycine max)/rhizobia interaction in terms of symbiotic N fixation and mobilization during N deficiency-induced senescence. H2 S enhanced biomass accumulation and delayed leaf senescence through effects on nodule numbers, leaf chlorophyll contents, leaf N resorption efficiency, and the N contents in different tissues. Moreover, grain numbers and yield were regulated by H2 S and rhizobia, together with N accumulation in the organs, and N use efficiency. The synergistic effects of H2 S and rhizobia were also demonstrated by effects on the enzyme activities, protein abundances, and gene expressions associated with N metabolism, and senescence-associated genes (SAGs) expression in soybeans grown under conditions of N deficiency. Taken together, these results show that H2 S and rhizobia accelerate N assimilation and remobilization by regulation of the expression of SAGs during N deficiency-induced senescence. Thus, H2 S enhances the vegetative and reproductive growth of soybean, presumably through interactions with rhizobia under conditions of N deficiency.

6.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; 9(1): 366-377, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32056513

RESUMO

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a partially double-stranded DNA virus that replicates by reverse transcription. We previously demonstrated that the host restriction factor-APOBEC3B (A3B) inhibited HBV replication which was dependent on its deaminase activity during reverse transcription. However, the host factors involved in the process of regulating the anti-HBV function of A3B are less known. In this research, to obtain a comprehensive understanding of the interaction networks of A3B, we conducted coimmunoprecipitation and mass spectrometry to identify A3B-interacting proteins in the presence of HBV. By this approach, we determined that DExD/H-box helicase 9 (DHX9) suppressed the anti-HBV effect of A3B, and this suppression was dependent on their interaction. Although DHX9 did not affect the deamination activity of A3B in vitro assay or the viral DNA editing of A3B in HepG2-NTCP cells that support HBV infection, it inhibited the binding of A3B with pgRNA. These data suggest that DHX9 can interact with A3B and attenuate the anti-HBV efficacy of A3B.Abbreviations: 3D-PCR: differential DNA denaturation PCR; APOBEC3: apolipoprotein B mRNA-editing catalytic polypeptide 3; cccDNA: covalently closed circular DNA; co-IP: coimmunoprecipitation; DDX: DExD-box RNA helicases; HBc: HBV core protein; HBV: hepatitis B virus; HepAD38: HepG2 cell line stably transfected with HBV DNA; HepG2-NTCP: HepG2 cell line stably transfected with Na+/taurocholate cotransporter polypeptide; Huh7: human hepatoma cell line; pgRNA: pregenomic RNA; PPI: protein-protein interactions; RC DNA: relaxed circular DNA.

7.
Stem Cell Res ; 43: 101718, 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32050117

RESUMO

X-linked retinoschisis (XLRS) is a one of most common retinal genetic diseases of juvenile progressive vitreoretinal degeneration in males, which caused by the mutation of RS1 gene. In this study, an induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) line was generated from human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of a 13-year-old male patient with X-linked juvenile retinoschisis carrying a novel mutation in RS1 gene. The iPSCs exhibited iPSC morphology, expression of the pluripotency markers and in vitro differentiation potential, and the CSUASOi005-A iPSC line retained the original mutation (c.527T > A) of RS1 with a normal karyotype.

8.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 31(1): 45-54, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31957379

RESUMO

Evaluation of landscape aesthetic quality is a key step in the management system of forest resource. Color is an important component of autumn landscape forest, and quantitative analysis of color and scientific evaluation of landscape aesthetic quality are important for the management of autumn landscape forest. We assessed the aesthetic quality of autumn landscape forest using scenic beauty estimation and analyzed the effects of color characteristics on ornamental value of autumn landscape forest based on color composition and color spatial pattern according to human's visual characteristics. The results showed that the overall landscape quality of subalpine region of western Sichuan could be divided into five grades according to beauty value (I to V). About 71.5% of autumn landscape forests could be classified into grade I, II, and III, indicating that autumn landscape forests of subalpine region in western Sichuan had higher ornamental value. According to the scenic beauty estimation value, the landscape aesthetic quality of broadleaved mixed forests was higher than that of coniferous and broadleaved mixed forests and pure forests. In terms of the comprehensive index evaluation system of color elements, the index weight coefficient order was landscape patch heterogeneity factors>autumn main color factors>color saturation and brightness factors>color diversity and evenness factors. With cluster analysis, autumn landscape forests of western Sichuan could be divided into three types. The forests with higher ornamental value showed following characteristics: larger degree of patch fragmentation and heterogeneity, higher percentage of orange and yellow and lower percentage of green in autumn, higher percentage of color saturation and brightness, and higher color diversity and uniformity index. The communities with higher richness, species diversity and evenness index would have higher beauty values. We concluded that species diversity and fragmentation of colors should be considered in the construction of autumn landscape forests, and that aesthetic quality of autumn landscape forest could be improved by planting and cultivating tree species with various and bright autumn leaf colors.


Assuntos
Florestas , Árvores , China , Cor , Estética , Humanos
9.
Food Funct ; 11(1): 730-740, 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31912839

RESUMO

Serotonin plays a critical role in regulating energy homeostasis and fat metabolism. Various dietary flavonoids, e.g. luteolin and quercetin, possess potential anti-obesity properties. However, it is unclear whether the flavonoids exert their anti-obesity actions via central serotonin signaling. Here, employing a classic animal model C. elegans, we assessed the effects of six dietary flavonoids (flavones apigenin, chrysin, and luteolin and flavonols kaempferol, myricetin, and quercetin) on fat accumulation. The dose-dependent study revealed the substantial inhibitory actions of the six flavonoids on C. elegans fat accumulation and the strongest inhibitory activity of luteolin among the tested flavonoids. Meanwhile, flavonoid treatments did not have an obvious influence on worm growth, fecundity and feeding. Furthermore, the mutation of tph-1, which encodes the conserved rate-limiting enzyme of serotonin synthesis, fully abolished luteolin-induced fat loss but did not affect fat reduction by the other five flavonoids. In wild-type N2 worms, luteolin treatment not only elevated the expression of tph-1, but also enhanced the mRNA levels of mod-1 and ser-6, which are two serotonin-related receptors and play specific roles in serotonin-mediated fat reduction. The mutation of either mod-1 or ser-6 also fully abolished luteolin-induced fat loss. Finally, we found that luteolin treatment elevated serotonin synthesis in ADF neurons to promote lipolysis and fatty acid ß-oxidation in C. elegans. Together, the results indicated that luteolin reduced C. elegans fat storage by promoting central serotonin signaling, suggesting new insights into elucidating the mechanism underlying fat regulation by luteolin.

10.
ACS Sens ; 5(1): 103-109, 2020 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31903754

RESUMO

DNA amplification is a useful technique for low-abundance biomarker detection and environmental monitoring because of its high signal-amplifying ability. However, intracellular application of DNA amplifiers remains challenging due to poor delivery efficiency and stability. Herein, we report an entropy-driven DNA amplifier-functionalized metal-organic framework (DNA amplifier-MOF) for the detection and imaging of multiple intracellular messenger RNAs (mRNAs). The DNA amplifier-MOF conjugate exhibits high cellular uptake, enhanced enzymatic stability, and good biocompatibility. Importantly, in the presence of phosphate ions, a surface-functionalized DNA amplifier can be released in cells with high efficiency, which facilitates the imaging of mRNA. This method is rapid and of high sensitivity/specificity, as validated in HepG2 and HL7702 cells for the imaging of TK1 and survivin mRNA, respectively. With further optimization, the strategy can become a powerful biotechnology tool for the detection of cancers at early stages and for elucidating biological processes.

11.
Exp Neurol ; 327: 113214, 2020 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31987833

RESUMO

l-lysine is a basic amino acid that has been shown to exert neuroprotective effect. However, the underlying mechanism remains to be elucidated. In this study, we investigate how l-lysine exerts its neuroprotective effect in hemin-insulted mouse cortical neurons in vitro and the mouse model of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in vivo. We demonstrate that l-lysine treatment promotes M2 microglial polarization and reduces inflammatory response both in vitro and in vivo, suggesting that l-lysine may play a neuroprotective role in ICH injury. Indeed, we show that l-lysine treatment reduces cortical neuronal death after hemin insult in vitro and decrease the number of degenerating neurons after ICH in vivo. l-lysine also improves the functional recovery of ICH animals in neurobehavioral tests. Consistent with the role of PTEN in regulating inflammatory response, we find that PTEN inhibition promotes M2 microglial polarization and suppresses pro-inflammatory response in mouse ICH injury, which contribute to the neuroprotective effect of l-lysine. Moreover, our results reveal that microRNA-575 directly suppressed PTEN to promote M2 microglial polarization and mediate the neuroprotective effect of l-lysine in ICH injury. Together, our results suggest that l-lysine confers neuroprotection after ICH injury through enhancing M2 microglial polarization and reducing inflammatory response, which is mediated by microRNA-575 upregulation and subsequent PTEN downregulation.

12.
Org Lett ; 22(3): 1071-1075, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939304

RESUMO

Incarnolides A (1) and B (2), two schinortriterpenoids (SNTs) featuring a tricyclo[9.2.1.02,8]tetradecane-bridged system, together with two biosynthetically related known SNTs, lancifonins A (3) and C (4), were isolated from the stems of Schisandra incarnata. Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analyses, and the absolute configurations were assigned by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and electronic circular dichroism calculation. The hypothetical biogenetic pathway of 1 and 2 was postulated. Compound 1 exhibited antiviral and neuroprotective activities.

13.
Pharmacol Res ; 153: 104660, 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31982489

RESUMO

Multidrug resistance (MDR) represents an obstacle in anti-cancer therapy. MDR is caused by multiple mechanisms, involving ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters such as P-glycoprotein (P-gp), which reduces intracellular drug levels to sub-therapeutic concentrations. Therefore, sensitizing agents retaining effectiveness against apoptosis- or drug-resistant cancers are desired for the treatment of MDR cancers. The sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase (SERCA) pump is an emerging target to overcome MDR, because of its continuous expression and because the calcium transport function is crucial to the survival of tumor cells. Previous studies showed that SERCA inhibitors exhibit anti-cancer effects in Bax-Bak-deficient, apoptosis-resistant and MDR cancers, whereas specific P-gp inhibitors reverse the MDR phenotype of cancer cells by blocking efflux of chemotherapeutic agents. Here, we unraveled SERCA and P-gp as double targets of the triterpenoid, celastrol to reverse MDR. Celastrol inhibited both SERCA and P-gp to stimulate calcium-mediated autophagy and ATP depletion, thereby induced collateral sensitivity in MDR cancer cells. In vivo studies further confirmed that celastrol suppressed tumor growth and metastasis by SERCA-mediated calcium mobilization. To the best of our knowledge, our findings demonstrate collateral sensitivity in MDR cancer cells by simultaneous inhibition of SERCA and P-gp for the first time.

14.
Genome Biol Evol ; 12(1): 3725-3737, 2020 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31917411

RESUMO

Sympatric speciation remains a central focus of evolutionary biology. Although some evidence shows speciation occurring in this way, little is known about the gene expression evolution and the characteristics of population genetics as species diverge. Two closely related Gymnocypris fish (Gymnocypris chui and Gymnocypris scleracanthus), which come from a small glacier lake in the Tibetan Plateau, Lake Langcuo, exist a possible incipient sympatric adaptive ecological speciation. We generated large amounts of RNA-Seq data from multiple individuals and tissues from each of the two species and compared gene expression patterns and genetic polymorphisms between them. Ordination analysis separated samples by organ rather than by species. The degree of expression difference between organs within and between species was different. Phylogenetic analyses indicated that the two closely related taxa formed a monophyletic complex. Population structure analysis displayed two distinctly divergent clusters of G. chui and G. scleracanthus populations. By contrast, G. scleracanthus population genetic diversity is higher than that of G. chui. Considerable sites of the two populations were differentiated with a coefficient of FST = 0.25-0.50, implying that a small proportion of loci nevertheless exhibited deep divergence in two comparisons. Concomitantly, putatively selected genes during speciation revealed functional categories are enriched in bone morphogenesis, cell growth, neurogenetics, enzyme activity, and binding activity in G. chui population. In contrast, nutrition and localization were highlighted in G. scleracanthus. Collectively, morphological traits and dietary preference combine with genetic variation and expression variation, probably contributed to the incipient speciation of two sympatric populations.

15.
Talanta ; 209: 120510, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892034

RESUMO

Exosomes play important roles in intercellular communications, tumor migration and invasion. However, the specific detection of cancer exosomes remains as a big challenge due to its low concentration in biofluids. Therefore, the sensitive and selective detection of cancer cells-derived exosomes has attracted growing attention owing to their potential in diagnostic and prognostic applications. Activatable strategies have received great attention for the detection of low abundant analytes due to their high sensitivity. Herein, based on molecular recognition between DNA aptamer and exosome surface biomarker (protein tyrosine kinase-7), a novel activatable and label-free strategy was designed for highly sensitive and specific sensing of exosomes. In this work, the target exosomes trigger strand replacement reaction to form G-quadruplex, which result in an obvious fluorescence enhancement of N-methylmesoporphyrin IX due to the bonding between G-quadruplex and N-methylmesoporphyrin IX. Under the optimum experimental conditions, the linear range for exosomes was measured to be 5.0 × 105-5.0 × 107 particles/µL and the detection limit (LOD) was calculated to be 3.4 × 105 particles/µL (3σ). This assay possesses high specificity to distinguish exosomes derived from different cell lines, and has successfully been validated in patient and healthy plasma samples. Furthermore, the probe can effectively detect the exosomes in 30% fetal bovine serum, indicating that the biological matrix has a negligible effect on this method. This developed label-free, convenient and highly sensitive biosensor will offer a great opportunity for exosomes quantification in biological study and clinical application.

16.
Menopause ; 27(2): 223-229, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31663982

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a common health issue that has a profound negative influence on women's quality of life. Genetic susceptibility to POP has been increasingly investigated. In this study, we assessed the single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of six collagen-related genes (COL14A1, COL5A1, COL4A2, COL3A1, COL1A1, and COL18A1) and the genetic association with POP in Chinese women. METHODS: We performed a candidate gene association study of case women (n = 48) with stage III and IV prolapse and control women (n = 48) without prolapse. A target region sequencing approach was used to identify the SNPs in collagen-related genes. The association between SNPs and POP was examined by Fisher exact tests for unadjusted model and logistic regression analysis adjusted for delivery and pregnancy. RESULTS: There was a significant association between COL14A1 SNPs (rs4870723, rs2305600, and rs2305598; P = 0.013, 0.019, and 0.028, respectively), a COL5A1 SNP (rs3827852; P = 0.016), and COL4A2 SNPs (rs76425569, rs388222, and rs2281968; P = 0.049 for the three, and rs445348, P = 0.040) and POP, respectively. Although there was no significant association between the COL3A1 SNP and POP, there was a trend toward significance for COL14A1 SNP (rs2305603), COL4A2 SNP (rs74941798), two COL1A1 SNPs (rs2586488 and rs2249492) and three COL18A1 SNPs (rs1050351, rs56335679, and rs55690336), and POP. CONCLUSION: We are the first to evaluate the relationship between COL14A1, COL5A1, and COL4A2 polymorphisms and POP, besides COL3A1, COL1A1, and COL18A1, which have been reported previously. We found several candidate SNPs that were significantly associated with prolapse in Chinese women. Our results provide new evidence for further investigation of the involvement of these potential genes in the etiology of POP.

17.
J Adv Nurs ; 76(1): 163-173, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31566806

RESUMO

AIMS: To examine the mediating effects of self-efficacy, coping, burnout, and social support in the link between job stress and depression and anxiety among young Chinese nurses. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey was used. METHODS: Full-time young nurses (N = 1,029) who worked in nine tertiary grade A hospitals in Chengdu China were recruited from December 2016-March 2017. Structural equation modelling was applied to analyse the mediating effects. RESULTS: Job stress had a direct positive effect on anxiety (ß = 0.054) and it also exerted indirect positive effects on depression (ß = 0.337) and anxiety (ß = 0.325) through mediating factors. Emotional exhaustion and social support were the main mediating variables, accounting for 72.0% of the variation in anxiety and nearly 43.4% in depression. CONCLUSION: Emotional exhaustion and social support may have significant mediating effects in the link between job stress and depression and anxiety. Strategies including deceasing emotional exhaustion, enhancing social support in work environment, and reducing job stressors would be useful to prevent depression and anxiety among young nurses. IMPACT: What problems did the study address? Depression and anxiety have great impact on professional performance of nurses and even patient safety. Factors such as coping, burnout, etc., may have different mediating effects in the paths from job stress to depression and anxiety. What were the main findings? Job stress had direct and indirect positive effects on anxiety and it only had indirect positive effect on depression. Emotional exhaustion and social support were the main mediating variables in the link between job stress and depression and anxiety. Where and on whom will the research have impact? Nursing managers should be more cognizant of the impact of job stress on the development of depression and anxiety. The significant mediating effect of emotional exhaustion and social support in the link between job stress and depression and anxiety should be emphasized by nursing administrators and effective targeted measures need to be adopted.

18.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(3): 470-473, 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31828262

RESUMO

By assembling DNAzyme on DNA nanowires through DNA hybridization, we have developed a novel accelerated DNAzyme-based fluorescent nanoprobe for fast, sensitive and selective detection of miRNA. Moreover, the strategy was successfully applied for in situ imaging of miRNA-21 in different cell lines.


Assuntos
DNA Catalítico/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , MicroRNAs/análise , Microscopia Confocal , Nanofios/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Espectrometria de Fluorescência
19.
Sci Total Environ ; 700: 134360, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31629259

RESUMO

The characteristics of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in inflowing river, flowing into drinking water, have profound influences on the quality and safety of water. Here, ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) spectroscopy and three-dimensional fluorescence (EEM) spectroscopy were combined to investigate the spatiotemporal variations of DOM in Nanfei River flowing into Chaohu Lake in China. 24 water samples and 24 surface sediments samples (including dry-to-wet transition season and wet season in 2018) were collected from different types of outlets. Parallel factor analysis (PARAFAC) model and correlation analysis were conducted to identify the primary sources of DOM. Two humic-like components (C1 235-250 nm/385-430 nm and C3 255-270 nm/455-510 nm) and one tryptophan-like component (C2 270-290 nm/320-350 nm) were effectively identified by PARAFAC model. The results showed DOM concentration presented significant spatiotemporal variations. The concentration was much lower in water than in surface sediments in dry-to-wet transition season, but higher in the wet season. Fluorescence index (FI), biological index (BIX) and humification index (HIX) were used to judge characteristic of DOM origination. These indexes indicated that, DOM in Nanfei River had both the characteristics of humus and autogenous, but neogene autogenic feature was stronger, which was largely due to mixture of water, resuspension and desorption of DOM in sediments and photochemical degradation. In addition, the characteristic parameter of molecular mass of DOM (the values of M) had an obvious linear relationship with the fluorescence intensity ratio of fulvic acid-like to humic acid-like (C1/C3), indicating that macromolecular substances could be removed by adding or improving membrane treatment. These provided technical support for improving quality and comprehensive treatment of drinking water sources.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Substâncias Húmicas/análise , Poluentes da Água/análise , Benzopiranos , China , Água Potável/química , Análise Fatorial , Fluorescência , Rios/química
20.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 412(5): 1151-1158, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31867701

RESUMO

Tetanus still possesses a high infection risk and leads a number of human deaths in poor nations. Point-of-care and ultrasensitive detection of tetanus antibody levels in serum is the key to decrease the risk of tetanus infection and improve the health of people. In this work, by using ultra bright fluorescent nanospheres (FNs) and portable lateral flow test strip (LFTS), a point-of-care and ultrasensitive sensing method has been developed for the detection of tetanus antibodies in human serum. This assay works quite well for tetanus antibodies in the concentration range from 0.0002 to 0.0220 IU/mL with a low detection limit of 0.00011 IU/mL, which is 100-fold lower than conventional gold-based LFTSs. The high sensitivity makes this method suitable for use to detect the low-abundant target in real samples. Besides, this cost-effective FN-based LFTS assay possesses good selectivity, high accuracy, and satisfactory reliability, which holds great potential as a robust candidate for routine medical diagnosis and rapid home testing. Graphical abstract.

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