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1.
J Clin Transl Hepatol ; 8(3): 285-291, 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33083251

RESUMO

Background and Aims: This study was designed to analyze the effects of age and clinicopathological characteristics on prognosis of Chinese patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods: The clinical data of 2032 HCC patients who were first diagnosed with HCC and underwent curative hepatectomy in our hospital between January 2006 and January 2011 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Younger HCC patients (age <40 years, n=465) had a significantly higher hepatitis B infection rate, larger tumors, higher alpha-fetoprotein levels, higher preoperative liver function, and more frequent vascular invasions than older patients. Most younger patients were suitable for anatomical hepatectomy, and their tumors were found to be at a highly advanced stage. The recurrence-free survival and overall survival rates of younger HCC patients were significantly worse than those of older patients but this difference disappeared after propensity score matching. Multivariate analysis of pre-matched samples showed that age ≤40 years was one of the independent risk factors associated with poor overall survival. Conclusions: Younger patients showed different clinicopathological characteristics than older patients, such as higher rates of hepatitis B infection and advanced tumors. The recurrence-free survival and overall survival rates of younger HCC patients after hepatectomy may be similar to those of older patients.

2.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2020: 8848363, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33061950

RESUMO

Detection of lane-change behaviour is critical to driving safety, especially on highways. In this paper, we proposed a method and designed a learning-based detection model of lane-change behaviour in highway environment, which only needs the vehicle to be equipped with velocity and direction sensors or each section of the highway to have a video camera. First, based on the Next Generation Simulation (NGSIM) Interstate 80 Freeway Dataset, we analyzed the relevant features of lane-changing behaviour and preprocessed the data and then used machine learning algorithms to select the suitable features for lane-change detection. According to the result of feature selection, we chose the lateral velocity of the vehicle as the lane-change feature and used machine learning algorithms to learn the lane-change behaviour of the vehicle to detect it. From the dataset, continuous data of 14 vehicles with frequent lane changes were selected for experimental analysis. The experimental results show that the designed KNN lane-change detection model has the best performance with detection accuracy between 89.57% and 100% on the selected dataset, which can well complete the vehicle lane-change detection task.

3.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 17839, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33082510

RESUMO

The optimized strategy to further increase the success rate of ablation for ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) from the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) is challenging. Recent studies have shown that the pulmonary sinus cusp (PSC) region may be the origin of certain RVOT VAs. We evaluated the efficacy of preferential ablation below the pulmonary valve (PV) and alternated radiofrequency delivery in the PSC using remote magnetic navigation (RMN). Sixty-five (65) consecutive patients experiencing VAs with RVOT-like appearance were included in this study. Mapping and ablation were preferentially performed below the PV. Ablation in the PSC would only be attempted when intensified ablation below the PV could not eliminate VAs. Finally, if ablation in the RVOT region failed, the aortic sinus cusp (ASC) would be mapped. Sixty-one (61) of 65 (93.8%) patients achieved procedural success. Except 7 cases of which the VAs were ablated in the ASC, the rest 54 VAs were thought to be originate from the RVOT region. Fifty (50) of 54 VAs were successfully ablated below the PV, and in the presence of a local special signal in the bipolar electrogram a more aggressive ablation was required. Subsequent ablation in the PSC with assistance of the RMN system achieved success in the remaining 4 patients. No complications occurred in this study. Our strategy of using RMN-guided ablation below the PV for VAs of RVOT origin was proved to be effective. PSC mapping and ablation using a magnetic catheter may provide the optimal strategy for treating these types of arrhythmias.

4.
J Mater Chem B ; 8(40): 9173-9196, 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32954393

RESUMO

The problems of microbial infections and the emergence of drug-resistant microbes are increasingly serious, causing countless loss of lives and economic loss. The discovery and study of host defense peptides opened a new avenue in developing antimicrobial regents, and have attracted a lot of attention in recent years. Compared with natural host defense peptides, synthetic antimicrobial polypeptides can be conveniently synthesized in large scale and with low cost. Furthermore, saccharide-polypeptide conjugates have been valued for their optimal effect on antimicrobial properties and biocompatibility. In this review article, we provide an overview of the development and progress of antimicrobial polypeptides and saccharide-polypeptide conjugates regarding their structural design, biological functions and antimicrobial mechanism. By pointing out the challenges, we also provide future prospects of this research field from our perspectives.

5.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 131: 110652, 2020 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32942151

RESUMO

The application of tissue engineering to generate cartilage is limited because of low proliferative ability and unstable phenotype of chondrocytes. The sources of cartilage seed cells are mainly chondrocytes and stem cells. A variety of methods have been used to obtain large numbers of chondrocytes, including increasing chondrocyte proliferation and stem cell chondrogenic differentiation via cytokines, genes, and proteins. Natural or synthetic small molecule compounds can provide a simple and effective method to promote chondrocyte proliferation, maintain a stable chondrocyte phenotype, and promote stem cell chondrogenic differentiation. Therefore, the study of small molecule compounds is of great importance for cartilage tissue engineering. Herein, we review a series of small molecule compounds and their mechanisms that can promote chondrocyte proliferation, maintain chondrocyte phenotype, or induce stem cell chondrogenesis. The studies in this field represent significant contributions to the research in cartilage tissue engineering and regenerative medicine.

6.
Int J Dermatol ; 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32975313

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High rates of posttreatment discomfort, infection, recurrence, and increased time to return to work have been noted after nail plate avulsion resulting from epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor(EGFR-TKI)-induced paronychia, which may even interrupt the course of treatment for EGFR-TKI therapy. Thus, we conducted this study to determine how effectively a topical ß-blocker, betaxolol, prevents EGFR-TKI-induced paronychia. METHODS: This case-control cohort study included a total of 131 non-small-cell lung cancer patients. The prevention group comprised 40 patients treated with topical betaxolol 0.25% solution to prevent paronychia while they received EGFR-TKI therapy. The control group comprised 91 patients who did not preventively use topical betaxolol 0.25% solution while receiving EGFR-TKI therapy. The patients' age, gender, antineoplastic regimen, duration of antineoplastic treatment before the appearance of lesions, number of involved digits (fingernails or toenails) with lesions, grading of paronychia, and pain score were recorded. RESULTS: In terms of the cumulative incidence of paronychia, significant differences (P < 0.01) were noted at both the 2nd and 3rd months after starting EGFR-TKIs. Furthermore, the average visual analogue scale scores were 3.125 and 6.29 in the prevention group and control group, respectively (P < 0.01). The average grades of paronychia were 1.5 and 2.12 in the prevention group and control group, respectively (P < 0.01). The average numbers of involved digits were 2.25 (range: 1-5 digits) in the prevention group and 3.03 (range: 1-7) in the control group (P = 0.07). CONCLUSIONS: Preventively using topical betaxolol can significantly decrease the incidence, VAS score, and grading of EGFR-TKI-induced paronychia.

7.
Cancer Lett ; 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32987139

RESUMO

Nanoparticle-based photothermal ablation (PTA) has been intensively investigated recently. However, the poor biocompatibility of most PTA agents and potential long-term toxicity obstruct their clinical translation. Meanwhile, previous PTA studies are limited to surface tumors because of insufficient light penetration depth of near-infrared (NIR) light for deep abdominal tumors. Therefore, minimally invasive PTA combined with biocompatible agents may pave a promising way to treat deep orthotopic hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Herein, a multifunctional agent based on superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) and new indocyanine green (IR820) was constructed with good biocompatibility. Outstanding fluorescence, photoacoustic and magnetic resonance imaging capabilities were observed in vitro. Additionally, in vivo results indicated that early-stage HCC (diameter less than 2 mm) could be effectively detected by this agent. Furthermore, for the first time, we developed minimally invasive laparoscopic-assisted photothermal ablation (L-A PTA) method coupled with this agent to completely ablate orthotopic HCC in nude mice model, neither recurrences nor obvious side effects were observed during the experiments. Remarkable shrinkage of primary tumor and disappearance of intrahepatic metastasis were also observed. In summary, minimally invasive L-A PTA is an effective preoperative neoadjuvant treatment for HCC.

8.
Water Environ Res ; 2020 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32892420

RESUMO

Membrane property and feed characteristics play critical roles in membrane fouling. This paper aims to clarify the roles of membrane pore size (φ) and feed foulant concentration (Cb ) in ultrafiltration fouling induced by polysaccharides. The fouling behaviors were expounded by collision-attachment theory, where the rate of membrane fouling is mainly determined by collision frequency (JCb ) and attachment efficiency (γ). At the initial fouling stage, rapid flux decline was observed at large φ or high Cb due to the great JCb and/or γ. At the later fouling stage, there existed a nearly identical maximum stable flux attributing to the same JCb and γ, which was independent of φ and Cb . Moreover, the smaller φ can lead to less foulants passed through the membrane and thus more foulants attaching on the membrane, while the higher Cb can give rise to more foulants on both the membrane surface and in the permeate. The results presented in current study provide fundamental basis in understanding membrane fouling. PRACTITIONER POINTS: Collision-attachment theory was employed to expound the UF fouling behavior. Rapid flux decline occurred at large membrane pore size or high feed foulant concentration in the initial fouling stage. Membranes with different pore size or feed foulant concentration had an identical flux at the latter fouling stage. Lowering membrane pore size or increasing feed foulant concentration can lead to more foulants attaching on the membrane surface.

9.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 14712, 2020 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895461

RESUMO

To evaluate the clinical efficacy of single- and double- bundle individualized anatomic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, we retrospectively analyzed the data and charts of 920 patients with ACL rupture who received individualized anatomic ACL reconstruction surgery at our center. All of the patients underwent arthroscopic ACL reconstruction with autologous hamstring tendons. The patients were divided into two groups: the single-bundle individualized anatomic reconstruction group (N = 539), and the double-bundle individualized anatomic reconstruction group (N = 381). The IKDC, Lysholm and Tegner scores were used to subjectively evaluate the function of the knee joint during the postoperative follow-up. The Lachman test, pivot shift test and KT-3000 were used to objectively evaluate the stability of the knee. All 920 patients participated in clinical follow-up (average duration: 27.91 ± 3.61 months) achieved satisfied outcomes with few complications. The postoperative IKDC, Lysholm and Tegner scores, and the objective evaluation of knee joint stability were significantly improved compared to the preoperative status in both groups (P < 0.05). No statistically significant difference was observed between the two groups at the final follow-up (P > 0.05). Therefore, no difference in terms of the IKDC, Lysholm and Tegner score, or KT-3000 was observed between the individualized anatomic single- and double-bundle ACL reconstruction techniques. Both techniques can be used to restore the stability and functionality of the knee joint with satisfactory short-term efficacy.

10.
Curr Med Sci ; 2020 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32980900

RESUMO

At the end of 2019, the novel coronavirus infection outbroke in Wuhan, Hubei Province. On Feb. 2, 2020, Wuhan, as the worst-hit region, began to build "shelter hospital" rapidly to treat patients with mild illness. The shelter hospital has multiple functions such as emergency treatment, surgical treatment and clinical test, which can adapt to emergency medical rescue tasks. Based on the characteristics that shelter hospital only treats patients with mild illness, tests of shelter laboratory, including coronavirus nucleic acid detection, IgM/IgG antibody serology detection, monitoring and auxiliary diagnosis and/or a required blood routine, urine routine, C-reactive protein, calcitonin original, biochemical indicators (liver enzymes, myocardial enzymes, renal function, etc.) and blood coagulation function test etc, were used to provide important basis for the diagnosis and treatment of the disease. In order to ensure laboratory biosafety, it is necessary to first evaluate the harm level of various specimens. In the laboratory biosafety management, the harm level assessment of microorganisms is the core work of biosafety, which is of great significance to guarantee biosafety. As an emergency deployment affected by the environment, shelter laboratory must possess strong mobility. This paper will explore how to combine the biosafety model of traditional laboratory with the particularity of shelter laboratory to carry out effective work in response to the current epidemic.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32787766

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The long interspersed element-1 (LINE-1, L1) participates in memory formation, and DNA methylation patterns of L1 may suggest resilience or vulnerability factors for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), of which the principal manifestation is a pathological exacerbation of fear memory. However, the unique roles of L1 in the reconsolidation of fear memory remain poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the roles of L1 in the reconsolidation of context-dependent fear memory. METHODS: The current study used male mice obtained at two months of age. Mice underwent fear conditioning and fear recall in observation chambers. Fear memory was assessed by calculating the percentage of time spent freezing in a total of 5 min. The medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and hippocampus of the mice were removed and snap-frozen in nitrogen liquid for further analysis. Open Reading Frame 1 (ORF1) mRNA, and Open Reading Frame 2 (ORF2) mRNA of L1 were analyzed by Real-Time Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction. After the reactivation of fear memory, lamivudine was administered to inhibit L1 retrotransposition and its effects on fear memory reconsolidation were observed. RESULTS: The expression of ORF1 and ORF2 mRNA in the mPFC and hippocampus after the recent (24 hours) and remote (14 days) fear memory recall exhibited an augmentation via different temporal and spatial patterns. The reconsolidation and spontaneous recovery of fear memory were markedly inhibited in mice administrated with lamivudine, which could block L1. The expression of DNA methyltransferase (Dnmt) mRNA was diminished following lamivudine treatment in the remote fear memory recall. CONCLUSIONS: The retrotransposition of L1 participated in the reconsolidation of fear memory after the reactivation of fear memory , and with lamivudine treatment, spontaneous recovery was decreased with time after the recent and remote fear memory recall, which might provide more clues for understanding the roles of L1 in fear memory and the possible strategy for treating PTSD.

12.
J Agric Food Chem ; 68(35): 9436-9450, 2020 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32786839

RESUMO

This study compared the effects of the nonacylated and acylated anthocyanin-rich extracts on plasma metabolic profiles of Zucker diabetic fatty rats. The rats were fed with the nonacylated anthocyanin extract from bilberries (NAAB) or the acylated anthocyanin extract from purple potatoes (AAPP) at daily doses of 25 and 50 mg/kg body weight for 8 weeks. 1H NMR metabolomics was used to study the changes in plasma metabolites. A reduced fasting plasma glucose level was seen in all anthocyanin-fed groups, especially in the groups fed with NAAB. Both NAAB and AAPP decreased the levels of branched-chain amino acids and improved lipid profiles. AAPP increased the glutamine/glutamate ratio and decreased the levels of glycerol and metabolites involved in glycolysis, suggesting improved insulin sensitivity, gluconeogenesis, and glycolysis. AAPP decreased the hepatic TBC1D1 and G6PC messenger RNA level, suggesting regulation of gluconeogenesis and lipogenesis. This study indicated that AAPP and NAAB affected the plasma metabolic profile of diabetic rats differently.

13.
BMC Med Imaging ; 20(1): 100, 2020 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32847537

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to characterize the radiological features of myofibroma on multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and correlate the imaging findings with pathologic features. METHODS: The radiological findings of 24 patients with 29 myofibromas were retrospectively reviewed. All images were evaluated with emphasis on density, signal intensity, hypointense area, and enhancement, correlating these with pathologic findings. RESULTS: On plain MDCT scan, 4(26.7%) tumors were homogeneous isodensity, 4(26.7%) tumors were heterogeneous hyperdensity, and 7(46.7%) tumors were heterogeneous hypodensity. On contrast-enhanced MDCT scan, all tumors (9/9) showed heterogeneous enhancement with moderate in 3(33.3%) and marked in 6(66.7%) tumors, and their enhancements were higher compared to adjacent skeletal muscle (P = 0.0001). On MRI, heterogeneous slight hyperintensity, homogeneous slight hyperintensity, and heterogeneous hypointensity on T1-weighted imaging (T1WI) were observed in 14(82.3%), 1(5.9%) and 2(11.8%) tumors, respectively. On T2-weighted imaging (T2WI) and fat-suppressed (FS) T2WI, all tumors demonstrated heterogeneous hyperintensity. All tumors showed heterogeneous marked enhancement on FS contrast-enhanced T1WI. On T1WI, T2WI, FS T2WI, and FS contrast-enhanced T1WI, irregular strip or/and patchy hypointensities were found in 16(94.1%), 12(100%), 17(100%) and 17(100%) tumors, respectively, and pseudocapsule was seen in 5(29.4%) tumors. The hypointensities and pseudocapsule on MRI were exactly corresponding to pathological interlacing collagen fibers and fibrosis. The age of the recurrent group was lower than that of the non-recurrent group (P = 0.001) and the tumors without pseudocapsule were more likely to recur than those with pseudocapsule (P = 0.034). CONCLUSION: Myofibromas are characterized by heterogeneous density or signal intensity, with moderate or marked enhancement. The hypointensities and pseudocapsule on MRI may be helpful in diagnosis, and the absence of pseudocapsule and younger age may be risk factors for tumor recurrence.

14.
Hepatol Commun ; 2020 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32838108

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Previous studies reported that coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was likely to result in liver injury. However, few studies investigated liver injury in COVID-19 patients with chronic liver diseases. We described the clinical features in COVID-19 patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Methods: Confirmed COVID-19 patients from hospitals in 10 cities of Jiangsu province, China were retrospectively included between January 18, 2020, and February 26, 2020. Hepatic Steatosis Index (HSI) was used to defined NAFLD. Results: A total of 280 COVID-19 patients were enrolled. Eighty-six (30.7%) of 280 COVID-19 patients were diagnosed as NAFLD by HSI. 100 (35.7%) patients presented abnormal liver function on admission. The median ALT levels (34.5 U/L vs. 23.0 U/L, P<0.001) and the proportion of elevated ALT (>40 U/L) (40.7% vs. 10.8%, P<0.001) were significantly higher in patients with NAFLD than in patients without NAFLD on admission. The proportion of elevated ALT in patients with NAFLD was also significantly higher than patients without NAFLD (65.1% vs. 38.7%, P<0.001) during hospitalization. Multivariate analysis showed that age over 50 years (odds ratio [OR] 2.077, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.183-3.648, P=0.011), and concurrent NAFLD (OR 2.956, 95% CI 1.526-5.726, P=0.001) were independent risk factors of ALT elevation in COVID-19 patients, while the atomized inhalation of interferon α-2b (OR 0.402, 95%CI 0.236-0.683, P=0.001) was associated with the reduced risk of ALT elevation during hospitalization. No patient developed liver failure or death during hospitalization. The complications and clinical outcomes were comparable between COVID-19 patients with and without NAFLD. Conclusions: NAFLD patients are more likely to develop liver injury when infected by COVID-19. However, no patient developed severe liver-related complications during hospitalization.

15.
IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control ; 67(11): 2471-2474, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32755855

RESUMO

The development of ultrasonic tweezers with multiple manipulation functions is challenging. In this work, multiple advanced manipulation functions are implemented for a single-probe-type ultrasonic tweezer with the double-parabolic-reflector wave-guided high-power ultrasonic transducer (DPLUS). Due to strong high-frequency (1.49 MHz) linear vibration at the manipulation probe's tip, which is excited by the DPLUS, the ultrasonic tweezer can capture microobjects in a noncontact mode and transport them freely above the substrate. The captured microobjects that adhere to the probe's tip in the low-frequency (154.4 kHz) working mode can be released by tuning the working frequency. The results of the finite-element method analyses indicate that the manipulations are caused by the acoustic radiation force.

16.
Cell Tissue Bank ; 2020 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32761559

RESUMO

Many articles involving human brain banks have been published. Bibliometric analysis can determine the history of the development of research and future research trends in a specific field. Three independent researchers retrieved and reviewed articles from the Web of Science database using the following strategy: "TS = (((brain OR cerebral) AND (bank* OR biobank*)) OR brainbank*)." The top 100 most-cited articles were identified and listed in descending order by total citations. Web of Science was used to identify ten recent articles describing bank construction. GeenMedical ( https://www.geenmedical.com/ ) was used to identify ten recent articles from journals with an impact factor (IF) > 20. The top 100 most-cited articles citing human brain banks were published between 1991 and 2017. Fifty-two percent of the articles focused on a specific type of neurodegenerative disease, and 16% discussed the construction and development of human brain banks. Articles using brain tissue had more total and annual citations than those on bank construction. Ten articles with high IFs were published from 2017 to 2019, and they were primarily studies using novel research techniques such RNA sequencing and genome-wide association studies. Most studies were published in journals specializing in neurology or neuroscience such as Movement Disorders (10%), and had been conducted in the United States (52%) by neurologists (62%). The top 100 most-cited articles and recent publications citing human brain banks and their bibliometric characteristics were identified and analyzed, which may serve as a useful reference and pave the way for further research.

17.
Crit Care ; 24(1): 478, 2020 07 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32736589

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury (CSA-AKI) is a major complication that results in increased morbidity and mortality after cardiac surgery. Most established prediction models are limited to the analysis of nonlinear relationships and fail to fully consider intraoperative variables, which represent the acute response to surgery. Therefore, this study utilized an artificial intelligence-based machine learning approach thorough perioperative data-driven learning to predict CSA-AKI. METHODS: A total of 671 patients undergoing cardiac surgery from August 2016 to August 2018 were enrolled. AKI following cardiac surgery was defined according to criteria from Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO). The variables used for analysis included demographic characteristics, clinical condition, preoperative biochemistry data, preoperative medication, and intraoperative variables such as time-series hemodynamic changes. The machine learning methods used included logistic regression, support vector machine (SVM), random forest (RF), extreme gradient boosting (XGboost), and ensemble (RF + XGboost). The performance of these models was evaluated using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). We also utilized SHapley Additive exPlanation (SHAP) values to explain the prediction model. RESULTS: Development of CSA-AKI was noted in 163 patients (24.3%) during the first postoperative week. Regarding the efficacy of the single model that most accurately predicted the outcome, RF exhibited the greatest AUC (0.839, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.772-0.898), whereas the AUC (0.843, 95% CI 0.778-0.899) of ensemble model (RF + XGboost) was even greater than that of the RF model alone. The top 3 most influential features in the RF importance matrix plot were intraoperative urine output, units of packed red blood cells (pRBCs) transfused during surgery, and preoperative hemoglobin level. The SHAP summary plot was used to illustrate the positive or negative effects of the top 20 features attributed to the RF. We also used the SHAP dependence plot to explain how a single feature affects the output of the RF prediction model. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, machine learning methods were successfully established to predict CSA-AKI, which determines risks following cardiac surgery, enabling the optimization of postoperative treatment strategies to minimize the postoperative complications following cardiac surgeries.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Modelos Estatísticos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Curva ROC , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco/métodos
18.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 19(1): 112, 2020 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32664945

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Both lipid and glucose abnormalities are associated with hypertension (HTN). However, it is unclear whether the triglyceride-glucose (TyG) index is associated with HTN. Therefore the aim of this study is to investigate the association of the TyG index and HTN and to compare the discriminative power of the TyG index, lipid, glycemic parameters for the risk of HTN in elderly individuals. METHODS: The present study was nested in a longitudinal (REACTION) study from May 2011 to December 2011, which was designed to demonstrate the association of abnormal glucose metabolism with the risk of cancer in the Chinese population. In total, 47,808 participants were recruited in this cross-sectional study. The TyG index was divided into five groups: the < 20% group, the 20-39% group, the 40-59% group, the 60-79% group and the ≥ 80% group, according to quintile division of the subjects. Three multivariate logistic regression models were used to evaluate the association between the TyG vs. lipid parameters, glycemic parameters and HTN. RESULTS: Multivariate logistic regression analysis shows that compared with lipid and glycemic parameters, the TyG index remains significantly associated with HTN in either total subjects or subjects separated into men and women (odds ratio (OR) 1.33, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.18-1.51, p < 0.0001 in total subjects; OR 1.39, 95% CI 1.11-1.74, p = 0.0042 in men; OR 1.28, 95% CI 1.11-1.49, p = 0.0010 in women). In a stratified analysis, an elevated TyG index is significantly associated with HTN in the subgroup of the oldest age (≥ 65) (OR 1.67, 95% CI 1.30-2.14, p < 0.0001), as well as with obesity (Body mass index (BMI) ≥ 28 kg/m2) (OR 1.85, 95% CI 1.29-2.66, p = 0.0009) or lower estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) (< 90 mL/(min·1.73 m2)) (OR 1.72, 95% CI 1.33-2.21, p < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: The TyG index is significantly associated with HTN and shows the superior discriminative ability for HTN compared with lipid and glycemic parameters in the Chinese elderly population.

19.
Biomater Sci ; 8(15): 4322-4333, 2020 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32602480

RESUMO

Early diagnosis and therapy of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is critical to improve the five-year survival rates of patients. Theranostic agents synergized with photothermal ablation are expected to realize the early detection and treatment of orthotopic HCC. However, conventional metallic nanoagents are limited by their potential bio-toxicity to surrounding normal organs. Recently, endogenous biological melanin pigments have been utilized to develop nanoplatforms due to their excellent biocompatibility and degradability. Whereas, the insufficient capability of PEGylated melanin nanoparticles (PEG-MNPs) in photoacoustic (PA) imaging limits their further biomedical applications. Paradoxically, it is difficult to meet these two different requirements. Herein, a multifunctional nanoagent based on melanin (MNPs) conjugating the near-infrared (NIR) dye IR820 was successfully designed and fabricated. Encapsulation by polyethylene glycol (PEG) renders the solubility in water and allows the physical absorption of IR820 for enhanced photoacoustic (PA) performance and photothermal therapy. Besides, PEG coating on the surface of IR820-PEG-MNPs resulted in a reduction in swallowing in the reticuloendothelial system of the liver and spleen, prolonging the circulation time in the blood and increasing the accumulation in the tumor. The IR820-PEG-MNPs displayed satisfactory PA and T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signals in aqueous solution as well as strong photothermal efficiency. Compared with prior injection, PA/MR signals of the tumor region were enhanced by 4.13- and 1.60-fold, respectively, which could effectively detect lesions smaller than ∼1.8 mm. Furthermore, the high photothermal conversion efficiency (40.2%) endowed the IR820-PEG-MNPs with the capability of selectively ablating tumors in orthotopic HCC mouse models under the guidance of PA/MR imaging. This work broadens the biomedical applications of melanin-based agent, which are promising for the precise diagnosis of orthotopic micro HCC and imaging guided photothermal ablation.

20.
Orthop Surg ; 12(4): 1100-1107, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32697041

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical outcomes of occipitocervical fusion (OCF) using cervical pedicle fixation with assistance of O-arm navigation and present its clinical feasibility. METHODS: From January 2015 to December 2016, eight patients with a variety of diagnoses were surgically treated with occipitocervical fusion using cervical pedicle screws under O-arm navigation. All patients received full workup consisting of clinical and radiological assessments. Perioperative parameters including operating time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative complications, surgical outcomes were recorded. Postoperative data were acquired resorting to the scheduled follow-up 3, 6 and 12 months after their discharge and annually afterwards. The Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) Scores and American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) Scale were used to evaluate neurological function. The accuracy of screw placement was classified according to a modified classification of Gertzbein and Robbins. The fusion status was evaluated in reference to the Bridwell's posterior fusion grades. RESULTS: The patient cohort comprised of five males and three females, with the average age of 51.9 years (range from 18 to 74 years). The patients all showed indications for OCF and were performed with polyaxial screws through cervical pedicles. The average operation time was 274 min (range from 226 to 380 min), with the intraoperative blood loss of 437.5 mL and the blood transfusion volume of 481.3 mL. The average follow-up time was 23.5 months (range from 17 to 32 months). All patients exhibited radiographic evidence of osseous fusion by X-ray and computed tomography (CT) at the final follow-up. No neurovascular complications were found during the follow-up time, and the clinical symptoms were observed to be significantly improved in all the patients. Thirty-four cervical pedicle screws were implanted within the eight patients, with the accuracy of cervical pedicle screw placements as 94.1% (32/34), among which, two pedicle screws were found to broken through the cervical pedicles that were evaluated as Grade II. CONCLUSIONS: Occipitocervical fusion via cervical pedicle fixation assisted with O-arm navigation is a feasible and safe procedure with a vast range of indications.

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