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1.
Biomed Mater ; 2022 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35015704

RESUMO

Pure gelatin hydrogels lack antibacterial function and have poor mechanical properties, which restrict their application in wound dressings. In this study, nanosized silver bromide-doped mesoporous silica (AgBr@SiO2) microspheres with hollow structures were prepared by a modified Stober method. The novel microspheres can not only release silver ions to treat bacteria but also release drugs to treat skin wound. Furthermore, AgBr@SiO2 microspheres were modified with propyl methacrylate, incorporated into methacrylated gelatin (GelMA), and crosslinked by UV light to prepare AgBr@SiO2/GelMA dressings consisting of composite hydrogels. The results showed that the AgBr@SiO2 microspheres could enhance the mechanical properties of the hydrogels. With the increase in the AgBr@SiO2 concentration from 0.5 to 1 mg/mL, the dressings demonstrated effective antimicrobial activity against both Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. Furthermore, full-thickness skin wounds in vivo wound healing studies with Sprague-Dawley rats were evaluated. When treated with AgBr@SiO2/GelMA containing 1 mg/mL AgBr@SiO2, only 15% of the wound area left on day 10. Histology results also showed the epidermal and dermal layers were better organized. These results suggest that AgBr@SiO2/GelMA-based dressing materials could be promising candidates for wound dressings.

2.
Anal Chem ; 94(2): 1151-1157, 2022 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34989557

RESUMO

A silicon cantilever-enhanced photoacoustic spectroscopy (PAS)-based trace gas analyzer with low gas consumption is presented. A silicon cantilever-based fiber-optic Fabry-Perot (F-P) interferometric acoustic sensor with a compact structure and high sensitivity is designed for photoacoustic signal detection. The non-resonant photoacoustic cell (PAC) is a cylindrical copper tube with a volume of 0.56 mL. A near-infrared laser with a center wavelength of 1532.83 nm amplified using an erbium-doped fiber application amplifier is used as the excitation light. The wavelength modulation spectroscopy (WMS) technique is employed in the present work for second-harmonic photoacoustic signal detection. The experimental results show that the minimum detection limit of C2H2 is 199.8 parts per trillion (ppt) with an average time of 60 s. The normalized noise equivalent absorption coefficient is calculated as 1.72 × 10-9 cm-1 W/Hz1/2. Furthermore, the proposed silicon cantilever-enhanced non-resonant PAS-based gas analyzer can not only analyze the gas concentration in a closed small-capacity PAC with low gas consumption but also detect target gas leakage in real time at a long distance.

3.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 23(1): 10, 2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34980068

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Semi-rigid lumbar fusion offers a compromise between pedicle screw-based rigid fixation and non-instrumented lumbar fusion. However, the use of semi-rigid interspinous stabilization (SIS) with interspinous spacer and ligamentoplasty and semi-rigid posterior instrumentation (SPI) to assist interbody cage as fusion constructs remained controversial. The purpose of this study is to investigate the biomechanical properties of semi-rigidly stabilized lumbar fusion using SIS or SPI and their effect on adjacent levels using finite element (FE) method. METHOD: Eight FE models were constructed to simulate the lumbosacral spine. In the non-fusion constructs, semi-rigid stabilization with (i) semi-rigid interspinous spacer and artificial ligaments (PD-SIS), and (ii) PI with semi-rigid rods were simulated (PD + SPI). For fusion constructs, the spinal models were implanted with (iii) PEEK cage only (Cage), (iv) PEEK cage and SIS (Cage+SIS), (v) PEEK cage and SPI (Cage+SPI), (vi) PEEK cage and rigid PI (Cage+PI). RESULT: The comparison of flexion-extension range of motion (ROM) in the operated level showed the difference between Cage+SIS, Cage+SPI, and Cage+PI was less than 0.05 degree. In axial rotation, ROM of Cage+SIS were greater than Cage+PI by 0.81 degree. In the infrajacent level, while Cage+PI increased the ROM by 24.1, 27,7, 25.9, and 10.3% and Cage+SPI increased the ROM by 26.1, 30.0, 27.1, and 10.8% in flexion, extension, lateral bending and axial rotation respectively, Cage+SIS only increased the ROM by 3.6, 2.8, and 11.2% in flexion, extension, and lateral bending and reduced the ROM by 1.5% in axial rotation. The comparison of the von Mises stress showed that SIS reduced the adjacent IVD stress by 9.0%. The simulation of the strain energy showed a difference between constructs less than 7.9%, but all constructs increased the strain energy in the infradjacent level. CONCLUSION: FE simulation showed semi-rigid fusion constructs including Cage+SIS and Cage+SPI can provide sufficient stabilization and flexion-extension ROM reduction at the fusion level. In addition, SIS-assisted fusion resulted in less hypermobility and less von Mises stress in the adjacent levels. However, SIS-assisted fusion had a disadvantage of less ROM reduction in lateral bending and axial rotation. Further clinical studies are warranted to investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of semi-rigid fusions.


Assuntos
Parafusos Pediculares , Fusão Vertebral , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular
4.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 285, 2022 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35022394

RESUMO

Second sound refers to the phenomenon of heat propagation as temperature waves in the phonon hydrodynamic transport regime. We directly observe second sound in graphite at temperatures of over 200 K using a sub-picosecond transient grating technique. The experimentally determined dispersion relation of the thermal-wave velocity increases with decreasing grating period, consistent with first-principles-based solution of the Peierls-Boltzmann transport equation. Through simulation, we reveal this increase as a result of thermal zero sound-the thermal waves due to ballistic phonons. Our experimental findings are well explained with the interplay among three groups of phonons: ballistic, diffusive, and hydrodynamic phonons. Our ab initio calculations further predict a large isotope effect on the properties of thermal waves and the existence of second sound at room temperature in isotopically pure graphite.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35047050

RESUMO

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common chronic pulmonary disease with multiple etiologies and pathological changes. PYK2 expression is significantly increased in lipopolysaccharide-induced lung injury, but it mediates chronic lung inflammation. The mechanism of its occurrence remains unclear. Quanzhenyiqitang is often used in clinical treatment of COPD, so this study explored the mechanism of its treatment of lipopolysaccharide-induced lung injury. In this study, transfection, flow cytometry, QRT-PCR, and Western blotting methods were used to study the mechanism of Quanzhenyiqitang lipopolysaccharide-induced lung injury. The results showed that the mechanism of occurrence remains unclear. Our novel observations imply that the PYK2/p38MAPK/HDAC2/CK2 pathway is one of the fundamental underlying mechanisms that mediate the pathogenic progression of COPD, and Quanzhenyiqitang may be the therapeutic drug to prevent chronic inflammation and delay the progression of COPD by inhibiting PYK2 signaling pathways.

6.
Brain Sci ; 12(1)2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35053820

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diagnosis and timely treatment of ischemic stroke depends on the fast and accurate quantification of perfusion parameters. Arterial input function (AIF) describes contrast agent concentration over time as it enters the brain through the brain feeding artery. AIF is the central quantity required to estimate perfusion parameters. Inaccurate and distorted AIF, due to partial volume effects (PVE), would lead to inaccurate quantification of perfusion parameters. METHODS: Fifteen patients suffering from stroke underwent perfusion MRI imaging at the Tri-Service General Hospital, Taipei. Various degrees of the PVE were induced on the AIF and subsequently corrected using rescaling methods. RESULTS: Rescaled AIFs match the exact reference AIF curve either at peak height or at tail. Inaccurate estimation of CBF values estimated from non-rescaled AIFs increase with increasing PVE. Rescaling of the AIF using all three approaches resulted in reduced deviation of CBF values from the reference CBF values. In most cases, CBF map generated by rescaled AIF approaches show increased CBF and Tmax values on the slices in the left and right hemispheres. CONCLUSION: Rescaling AIF by VOF approach seems to be a robust and adaptable approach for correction of the PVE-affected multivoxel AIF. Utilizing an AIF scaling approach leads to more reasonable absolute perfusion parameter values, represented by the increased mean CBF/Tmax values and CBF/Tmax images.

7.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2022 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35044382

RESUMO

A laccase catalyzed colorimetric biosensing approach is promising for the detection of pheochromocytoma biomarkers, yet suffers from the poor stability of enzymes and high cost for production. Here we report for the first time an easy to produce, cheap, stable and reliable laccase-mimicking CuCoFe-LDHzyme, which can catalyze the oxidation of pheochromocytoma biomarkers to form a chromogenic product for smartphone-based colorimetric detection.

8.
Biomed Mater ; 17(2)2022 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34991083

RESUMO

Due to the lack of blood vessels, nerves and lymphatics, articular cartilage is difficult to repair once damaged. Tissue engineering is considered to be a potential strategy for cartilage regeneration. Successful tissue engineering strategies depend on the effective combination of biomaterials, seed cells and biological factors. In our previous study, a genetically modified coculture system with chondrocytes and ATDC5 cells in an alginate hydrogel has exhibited a superior ability to enhance chondrogenesis. In this study, we further evaluated the influence of chondrocytes at various passages on chondrogenesis in the coculture system. The results demonstrated that transfection efficiency was hardly influenced by the passage number of chondrocytes. The coculture system with passage 5 (P5) chondrocytes had a better effect on chondrogenesis of ATDC5 cells, while chondrocytes in this coculture system presented higher levels of dedifferentiation than other groups with P1 or P3 chondrocytes. Therefore, P5 chondrocytes were shown to be more suitable for the coculture system, as they accumulated in sufficient cell numbers with more passages and had a higher level of dedifferentiation, which was prone to form a favorable niche for chondrogenesis of ATDC5 cells. This study may provide fresh insights for future cartilage tissue engineering strategies with a combination of a coculture system and advanced biomaterials.

9.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 231: 113192, 2022 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35030522

RESUMO

Aluminium (Al) and fluoride (F) are phytotoxic elements that can inhibit plant growth and development. Al3+ and F- can react with each other to form complexes in the soil which will induce alteration of toxicity of single element. However, the mechanisms of plant response to aluminium fluoride induced toxicity are not very clear. In the present study, tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb) cultivar 'Houndog 5' was treated by 0, 0.4, 4, 20 mg·L-1 Al2(SO4)3 and 0, 0.5, 5 mg·L-1 NaF, respectively. After 25 days of treatment, leaf samples were collected for physiological evaluation. The results showed that several forms of Al-OH and Al-F complexes such as Al(OH)2+, AlOH2+, Al(OH)3, Al(OH)4-, Al2(OH)24+, Al3(OH)45+, AlF2+, AlF2+, AlF3 and AlF4- were formed in Al3+ and F- combined solution. The nutrient uptake including Al, P and K were improved by Al3+ and F-. Under Al3+ stress, the MDA (malondialdehyde) content and EL (electrolyte leakage) dramatically increased after high concentration of F- treatment, while relative low concentration of F induced decrease of MDA content and EL. On the contrary, chlorophyll content decreased significantly after high concentration of F treatment. The photosynthesis efficiency parameters, including φP0 (Fv/Fm), δR0 and PIABS, decreased remarkably after high concentration of Al and F treatment. However, L-band incresed after high concentration of Al3+ and F- treatment. The results of correlation analysis showed that MDA content and EL negatively correlated with other indexes, and Al-F complex significantly correlated with MDA, Pro and EL but negatively correlated with Chl and φP0. These results suggested that low concentration of F could alleviate the damage induced by Al stress in tall fescue, but high concentration of Al and F combined solution had negative effects on the growth and development of tall fescue.

10.
Ageing Res Rev ; 75: 101568, 2022 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35051646

RESUMO

Psychotic symptoms of dementia are highly prevalent and lead to poor medical outcomes and substantial dysfunction. To date, which drug to use remains controversial without a summary of all direct or indirect comparisons of pharmacotherapy. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review with pairwise and network meta-analysis to examine efficacy and tolerability outcomes of pharmacological treatments in dementia patients. MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and PubMed were searched systematically up to August 31, 2020. We included trials of cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEIs), memantine, antipsychotics, antidepressants, and mood stabilizers, with final approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. We ranked the comparative effects of all drugs against placebo with surface under the cumulative ranking (SUCRA) probabilities. This analysis is based on 34 trials, which included 10,415 patients randomly assigned to 15 commonly used drug regimens. Donepezil (standardized mean difference [SMD] -0.30, 95% credible interval [CrI] -0.50 to -0.12; SUCRA, 0.85), memantine (SMD -0.20, 95%CrI -0.34 to -0.07; SUCRA, 0.68) and aripiprazole (SMD -0.17, 95% CrI -0.32 to -0.02; SUCRA, 0.62) showed greater benefit than placebo, and with relatively good tolerability in network meta-analyses. Risperidone was also found to be more efficacious than placebo (SMD -0.16, 95% CrI -0.28 to -0.05; SUCRA, 0.60), but with poor tolerability (odds ratios [OR] 1.50, 95% CrI 1.06-2.26). Donepezil, memantine, haloperidol, aripiprazole and risperidone were more efficacious than quetiapine (SMDs ranged from -0.36 to -0.22). Besides, donepezil, memantine and mirtazapine were more efficacious than sertraline (SMDs ranged from -0.47 to -0.36). Most of the results were rated as "low" to "very low". Several effective treatment choices for psychotic symptoms are available across drug classes. Donepezil, memantine and aripiprazole are probably the appropriate options to consider when a pharmacological treatment is indicated. Given the limitations of the meta-analytic approach and the low methodological quality of the majority of studies, our results should be cautiously interpreted.

11.
Parasitol Int ; 87: 102528, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34942361

RESUMO

The rat nematode lungworm Angiostrongylus cantonensis undergoes obligatory intracerebral migration in its hosts and causes eosinophilic meningitis or meningoencephalitis. Heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) has several cytoprotective properties such as anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, and anti-apoptotic effects. HO-1 in brain tissues was induced in A. cantonensis-infected group and showed positive modulation in cobalt protoporphyrin (CoPP)-treated groups. Assay methods for the therapeutic effect include western blot analysis, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, gelatin zymography, blood-brain barrier permeability evaluation and eosinophil count in cerebrospinal fluid. The combination of albendazole (ABZ) and CoPP significantly decreased pro-inflammatory cytokines, tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-5, and IL-33 but significantly increased anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-10 and transforming growth factor-ß. In addition, worm recovery, matrix metalloproteinase-9, BBB permeability, and eosinophil counts were decreased in the ABZ and CoPP co-treated groups. Induction of HO-1 with CoPP strongly inhibited the protein levels of caspase-3 and increased the induction of annexin-V and B-cell leukemia 2. Thus, co-treatment with ABZ and CoPP prevented A. cantonensis-induced eosinophilic meningoencephalitis and its anti-apoptotic effect by promoting HO-1 signaling prior to BBB dysfunction. HO-1 induction might be a therapeutic modality for eosinophilic meningoencephalitis.

12.
Thorac Cancer ; 2021 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34866350

RESUMO

Primary pulmonary EWS/PNET is extremely rare. This report describes a 20 year-old man with primary pulmonary EWS/PNET with TP53 germline and SKT11 somatic mutation. After four neoadjuvant chemotherapy cycles (VAC with alternating IE) combined with anlotinib, a left pneumonectomy was performed. Maintenance anlotinib monotherapy was then continued with no sign of recurrence to date. It is suggested that before the treatment and prognosis of children or young adults with primary EWS/PNET of the lung that consideration should be given to genetic testing.

13.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 737624, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34858327

RESUMO

Objective: Ectodysplasin A (EDA), a newly discovered hepatokine, has recently been considered to be closely related to glycolipid metabolism disorders, but the pathophysiological effects of EDA are still poorly understood. This study was the first time to determine the level of serum EDA in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients, and to explore the relationships between serum EDA levels and various metabolic indexes. Methods: A total of 184 subjects were enrolled in the study, including 92 subjects with newly diagnosed T2DM and 92 subjects with age- and sex-matched normal glucose tolerance (NGT). Serum EDA levels were determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Oral glucose tolerance test, glycosylated hemoglobin c (HbA1c), and insulin were also measured. Results: Serum EDA levels were significantly increased in the T2DM group than in the NGT group (359.91 ± 117.99 vs. 265.82 ± 86.51 pg/ml, p < 0.001). Serum EDA levels were positively correlated with body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), HbA1c, 2-hour postprandial plasma glucose (2hPG), fasting plasma insulin (FIns), fasting C peptide (FCP), triglyceride (TG), HOMA-IR, and negatively correlated with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) and HOMA-ß (p < 0.05). Multiple stepwise regression analysis demonstrated that 2hPG and FIns were independent influencing factors of serum EDA level (p < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that serum EDA level was significantly independently correlated with T2DM (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Serum EDA levels are significantly higher in T2DM patients, suggesting that EDA may play a role in the occurrence and development of T2DM.

14.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 46(11): 1177-1186, 2021 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34911851

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: High fat-induced podocyte injury is one of the important factors leading to obesity related nephropathy (ORG), but the mechanism is not clear. This study aims to explore the mechanism of period circadian clock 3 (PER3) in the oxidative stress and inflammation induced by palmitic acid (PA) in podocytes. METHODS: The C57BL/6J mice were fed with chow and high-fat diet for 16 weeks. The PER3 expression in kidney tissues were detected in the normal body weight group and the obesity group. The PER3 mRNA and protein expression were detected after the podocytes were induced with different concentrations (0, 50, 150 and 300 µmol/L) of PA for 48 h. The PER3 mRNA and protein expression were detected after the podocytes were induced with 150 µmol/L PA for 0, 24, 36, and 48 h. Triglyceride (TG) levels were examined in the PA group, the adenovirus (ad)-PER3+PA group, and the siRNA-PER+PA group after the podocytes were transfected by Ad-PER3 or small interfering RNA (siRNA)-PER3 for 48 h and subsequently were induced with 150 µmol/L PA for 48 h. The differential gene expression was detected using RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) after podocytes were transfected by siRNA-PER3 (siRNA-PER3 group) and siRNA-control (siRNA-control group), respectively. The mRNA levels of nephrin, podocin, podocalyxin, podoplanin, superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1), glutathione peroxidase 1 (GPX1), catalase (CAT), and the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) and interleukin-2 (IL-2) were detected after podocytes were transfected with Ad-PER3 or Ad-control for 48 h and then they were induced by 150 µmol/L PA for 48 h. RESULTS: The PER3 was down-regulated in the obesity group compared with the normal body weight group (P<0.05), and the PER3 was significantly down-regulated after the podocytes were treated with 150 µmol/L for 48 h compared with 0, 24, and 36 h (all P<0.01). The TG contents were significantly decreased in the Ad-PER3+PA group compared with the PA group (P<0.05). On the contrary, TG contents were increased in the siRNA-PER3+PA group compared with the PA group (P<0.05). The RNA-seq results showed that: compared with the siRNA-control group, the differential genes in the siRNA-PER3 group were enriched in different pathways including oxidative phosphorylation, TNF signaling pathway, extracellular matrix receptor interaction, fatty acid metabolism, and fatty acid degradation (all P<0.05). The podocyte marker genes (nephrin, podocin, podocalyxin and podoplanin), oxidative stress (SOD1, GPX1, CAT and GSH), and inflammation factors (TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1ß and IL-2) were significantly down-regulated in the Ad-PER3+PA group compared with the PA group (all P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: PER3 can decrease the PA-induced oxidative stress and inflammatory factor secretion via inhibiting the lipogenesis in podocytes.


Assuntos
Relógios Circadianos , Podócitos , Animais , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Estresse Oxidativo , Ácido Palmítico/metabolismo , Ácido Palmítico/toxicidade , Podócitos/metabolismo
15.
Small Methods ; 5(11): e2100937, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34927969

RESUMO

Carbon encapsulation is an effective strategy for enhancing the durability of Pt-based electrocatalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). However, high-temperature treatment is not only energy-intensive but also unavoidably leads to possible aggregation. Herein, a low-temperature polymeric carbon encapsulation strategy (≈150 °C) is reported to encase Pt nanoparticles in thin and amorphous carbonaceous layers. Benefiting from the physical confinement effect and enhanced antioxidant property induced by the surface carbon species, significantly improved stabilities can be achieved for polymeric carbon species encapsulated Pt nanoparticles (Pt@C/C). Particularly, a better antipoisoning capability toward CO, SOx , and POx is observed in the case of Pt@C/C. To minimize the thickness of the catalyst layer and reduce the mass transfer resistance, the high mass loading Pt@C/C (40 wt%) is prepared and applied to high-temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (HT-PEMFCs). At 160 °C, a peak power density of 662 mW cm-2 is achieved with 40% Pt@C/C cathode in H2 -O2 HT-PEMFCs, which is superior to that with 40% Pt/C cathode. The facile strategy provides guidance for the synthesis of highly durable carbon encapsulated noble metal electrocatalysts toward ORR.

16.
ACS Omega ; 6(48): 32655-32662, 2021 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34901614

RESUMO

Diabetes is a public health problem characterized by hyperglycemia, high mortality, and morbidity. A simple, rapid, and sensitive glucose detection method for diabetes screening and health self-management of patients with diabetes is of great significance. Therefore, an attractive urine glucose (UG) analyzer with advantages of fastness, sensitivity, and portability was developed. A cadmium telluride quantum dots (CdTe QDs)@glucose oxidase (GOx) aerogel circular array sensor can emit visible red fluorescence when excited by a 365 nm ultraviolet light source inside the analyzer. When urine samples containing glucose were dropped onto the sensor, glucose was oxidized by GOx to produce hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), which quenched the red fluorescence of CdTe QDs. The fluorescence images of the sensor were obtained using a CCD camera, and the linear relationship between the glucose concentration and the gray value of the fluorescence image was established. The analyzer shows good sensitivity (LOD, 0.12 mM) with a wide linear range of 0.12-26 mM. Based on the linear relation, the software of the analyzer was written in the C++ language, which can automatically give the gray value of the image and the corresponding glucose concentration. The UG analyzer was used for the detection of a large number clinical samples and compared with a variety of UG test papers, which all showed good detection performance. The novel analyzer we proposed has an important significance in the screening of diabetes and the self-management of diabetic patients.

17.
PeerJ Comput Sci ; 7: e802, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34909466

RESUMO

Massive plant hyperspectral images (HSIs) result in huge storage space and put a heavy burden for the traditional data acquisition and compression technology. For plant leaf HSIs, useful plant information is located in multiple arbitrary-shape regions of interest (MAROIs), while the background usually does not contain useful information, which wastes a lot of storage resources. In this paper, a novel hyperspectral compressive sensing framework for plant leaves with MAROIs (HCSMAROI) is proposed to alleviate these problems. HCSMAROI only compresses and reconstructs MAROIs by discarding the background to achieve good reconstructed performance. But for different plant leaf HSIs, HCSMAROI has the potential to be applied in other HSIs. Firstly, spatial spectral decorrelation criterion (SSDC) is used to obtain the optimal band of plant leaf HSIs; Secondly, different leaf regions and background are distinguished by the mask image of the optimal band; Finally, in order to improve the compression efficiency, after discarding the background region the compressed sensing technology based on blocking and expansion is used to compress and reconstruct the MAROIs of plant leaves one by one. Experimental results of soybean leaves and tea leaves show that HCSMAROI can achieve 3.08 and 5.05 dB higher PSNR than those of blocking compressive sensing (BCS) at the sampling rate of 5%, respectively. The reconstructed spectra of HCSMAROI are especially closer to the original ones than that of BCS. Therefore, HCSMAROI can achieve significantly higher reconstructed performance than that of BCS. Moreover, HCSMAROI can provide a flexible way to compress and reconstruct different MAROIs with different sampling rates, while achieving good reconstruction performance in the spatial and spectral domains.

18.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 11(12)2021 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34947593

RESUMO

The nanocone-shaped carbon nanotubes field-emitter array (NCNA) is a near-ideal field-emitter array that combines the advantages of geometry and material. In contrast to previous methods of field-emitter array, laser ablation is a low-cost and clean method that does not require any photolithography or wet chemistry. However, nanocone shapes are hard to achieve through laser ablation due to the micrometer-scale focusing spot. Here, we develop an ultraviolet (UV) laser beam patterning technique that is capable of reliably realizing NCNA with a cone-tip radius of ≈300 nm, utilizing optimized beam focusing and unique carbon nanotube-light interaction properties. The patterned array provided smaller turn-on fields (reduced from 2.6 to 1.6 V/µm) in emitters and supported a higher (increased from 10 to 140 mA/cm2) and more stable emission than their unpatterned counterparts. The present technique may be widely applied in the fabrication of high-performance CNTs field-emitter arrays.

19.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 20: 15330338211039670, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34931925

RESUMO

Retinoid-related orphan receptor alpha (RORα) and nuclear receptor subfamily 1 group D member 1 (REV-ERBα) play critical roles in many human cancers. Whether RORα and REV-ERBα expression levels are associated with clinical characteristics are poorly understood, and they may be independent predictors of overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) in gastric cancer (GC). This study aimed to investigate the correlation of RORα and REV-ERBα expression levels with clinicopathological parameters, OS, and PFS in GC. Immunohistochemistry and quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) were employed to assess the expression levels of RORα and REV-ERBα, which were downregulated in GC tissues compared with normal gastric tissues (P < .001; P < .001) and were associated with several clinicopathological parameters, including histological grade (P = .032; P < .001), preoperative carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels (P = .004; P < .001), and tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage (P = .015; P < .001). Additionally, low RORα and REV-ERBα expression levels were associated with poor OS and PFS in GC patients, respectively (P < .001; P = .001). Furthermore, univariate Cox regression model analysis showed that histological grade (P < .001; P < .001), preoperative CEA levels (P < .001; P = .001), TNM stage (P < .001; P < .001), lymph node metastasis (P = .002; P = .002), RORα expression levels (P = .001; P < .001), and REV-ERBα expression levels (P < .001; P = .001) were associated with OS and PFS in GC. Multivariate Cox regression model analysis indicated that RORα expression levels and REV-ERBα expression levels are independent factors of OS and PFS in GC. Besides, RORα and REV-ERBα expression may be positively correlated (χ2 = 6.835; P = .009), and GC patients with both high RORα and REV-ERBα expression levels had the best prognosis. In conclusion, RORα and REV-ERBα may coparticipate in tumor activities and show potential to estimate the prognosis of GC.

20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(52): e28462, 2021 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34967389

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alzheimer disease (AD) is a common degenerative disease of the central nervous system that can be divided into 3 stages, according to the degree of cognitive impairment. The clinical manifestations are cognitive dysfunction and memory loss, impacting the daily activities of the affected individuals. In recent years, studies have demonstrated a relationship between intestinal flora and AD. However, no meta-analysis has documented the correlation between AD and intestinal flora, to the best of our knowledge. Herein, we sought to assess the correlation between different stages of AD and intestinal flora. A systematic and comprehensive understanding of this relationship is of great significance for developing prevention and treatment strategies against AD. METHODS: A comprehensive search of the medical literature in Chinese and English language was performed in databases, such as PubMed, EBSCO, CNKI, web of science, WanFang, Cochrane Library, and CBM databases. Pre-defined search strategies were used to retrieve clinical studies of Alzheimer disease and gut microbiota. The included studies were independently analyzed by the 2 researchers who extracted the data. The quality of the data was evaluated according to the "Cochrane system evaluator manual." Finally, Endnote and RevMan software were used for systematic regression and meta-analysis of evidence. RESULTS: We documented the intestinal flora changes in the 3 stages of Alzheimer disease, according to currently available clinical evidence, and revealed the correlation between the abundance and diversity of flora and treatment efficacy. These findings are essential for developing new strategies for the prevention and treatment of Alzheimer disease. INPLASY REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY2021100093. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Since all data utilized in this systematic review and meta-analysis are published, ethical approval was not needed.

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