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1.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(5): 7465-7480, 2021 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33658398

RESUMO

Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within microRNA binding sites can affect the binding of microRNA to mRNA and regulate gene expression, thereby contributing to cancer prognosis. Here we performed a two-stage study of 2647 breast cancer patients to explore the association between SNPs within microRNA binding sites and breast cancer prognosis. In stage I, we genotyped 192 SNPs within microRNA binding sites using the Illumina Goldengate platform. In stage II, we validated SNPs associated with breast cancer prognosis in another dataset using the TaqMan platform. We identified 8 SNPs significantly associated with breast cancer prognosis in stage I (P<0.05), and only rs10878441 was statistically significant in stage II (AA vs CC, HR=2.21, 95% CI: 1.11-4.42, P=0.024). We combined the data from stage I and stage II, and found that, compared with rs10878441 AA genotype, CC genotype was associated with poor survival of breast cancer (HR=2.19, 95% CI: 1.30-3.70, P=0.003). Stratified analyses demonstrated that rs10878441 was related to breast cancer prognosis in grade II and lymph node-negative patients (P<0.05). The Leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) rs10878441 CC genotype is associated with poor prognosis of breast cancer in a Chinese population and may be used as a potential prognostic biomarker for breast cancer. • The LRRK2 rs10878441 CC genotype is associated with poor prognosis of breast cancer in a Chinese population. • Stratified analyses demonstrated that rs10878441 was related to breast cancer prognosis in grade II patients and lymph node-negative patients.

2.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 122020 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33291081

RESUMO

Genome-wide association studies have revealed that multiple single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the intergenic region between estrogen receptor 1 and coiled-coil domain containing 170 (CCDC170) are associated with breast cancer risk. We performed microarray and bioinformatics analyses to identify genes that were induced upon CCDC170 overexpression, and confirmed our findings by evaluating paraffin-embedded breast cancer tissues and conducting cellular assays. In CCDC170-overexpressing MCF7 breast cancer cells, microarray analyses revealed that inositol-requiring enzyme 1 (IRE1) was the most elevated gene in enriched pathways. In breast cancer tissues, IRE1 expression correlated positively with CCDC170 and X-box binding protein 1 expression at both the mRNA and protein levels. In a survival analysis, patients with higher CCDC170 levels exhibited better disease-free survival. Western blotting indicated that overexpressing CCDC170 in MCF7 cells increased protein levels of IRE1α, estrogen receptor α and X-box binding protein 1, while silencing CCDC170 reduced them. CCDC170 overexpression promoted apoptosis in MCF7 cells, and this effect was more obvious under endoplasmic reticulum stress. MCF7 cells overexpressing CCDC170 were more sensitive to paclitaxel. Our study showed that higher CCDC170 expression is associated with a better prognosis in breast cancer patients and that CCDC170 may promote apoptosis through the IRE1α pathway.

3.
Vet Parasitol Reg Stud Reports ; 22: 100492, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33308736

RESUMO

Wildlife is essential to the biodiversity of the Meihua mountain, southwestern Fujian province, China. However, there have been few surveys of the distribution of ixodid ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) and tick-borne pathogens affecting wild animals at these locations. In this study, 1197 adult ixodid ticks infesting wild boars were collected from 10 sampling sites during 2019. Ticks were identified to species based on morphology, and the identification was confirmed based on mitochondrial 16S, ITS1 and ITS2 rRNA sequences. Eight tick species belonging to 2 genera were identified, including H. longicornis (n = 373, 31.1%), H. flava (n = 265, 22.1%), D. auratus (n = 153, 12.8%), H. hystricis (n = 119, 9.9%), D. silvarum (n = 116, 9.7%), H. bispinosa (n = 114, 9.5%), D. atrosignatus (n = 33, 2.8%), and D. taiwanensis (n = 24, 2.0%). DNA sequences of Rickettsia spp. (spotted fever group) and Babesia spp. were detected in these ticks. Phylogenetic analyses revealed the possible existence of Candidatus Rickettsia laoensis and Rickettsia raoultii. This study illustrates the potential threat to wild animals and humans from tick-borne pathogens.

4.
Front Neurorobot ; 14: 570308, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33192435

RESUMO

Understanding why deep neural networks and machine learning algorithms act as they do is a difficult endeavor. Neuroscientists are faced with similar problems. One way biologists address this issue is by closely observing behavior while recording neurons or manipulating brain circuits. This has been called neuroethology. In a similar way, neurorobotics can be used to explain how neural network activity leads to behavior. In real world settings, neurorobots have been shown to perform behaviors analogous to animals. Moreover, a neuroroboticist has total control over the network, and by analyzing different neural groups or studying the effect of network perturbations (e.g., simulated lesions), they may be able to explain how the robot's behavior arises from artificial brain activity. In this paper, we review neurorobot experiments by focusing on how the robot's behavior leads to a qualitative and quantitative explanation of neural activity, and vice versa, that is, how neural activity leads to behavior. We suggest that using neurorobots as a form of computational neuroethology can be a powerful methodology for understanding neuroscience, as well as for artificial intelligence and machine learning.

5.
J Chromatogr Sci ; 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33173942

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A simple, rapid and sensitive method coupling ultrasound-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (DLLME) with ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry was developed for the simultaneous determination of malachite green (MG) and crystal violet (CV) in different water samples. OBJECTIVE: In ultrasound-assisted DLLME procedure, several parameters affecting the extraction efficiency, including pH, type and volume of the extraction and dispersive solvents, extraction time, ionic strength, were optimized to improve the accuracy and precision of this method. METHODS: MG and CV were extracted and preconcentrated using dichloromethane and acetonitrile as the extraction and dispersive solvents, respectively. RESULTS: Under the optimum conditions, the proposed method affords good linearity in the range of 0.40-20.0 ng/L, and the limit of detections were 0.21 and 0.32 ng/L for MG and CV, respectively. The recoveries of the method at three spiked levels were in the range of 83.4-94.2% with relative standard deviations lower than 4.7% (n = 3). CONCLUSIONS: Satisfactorily, no significant matrix effect has been found as the data ranged between 68% and 102%.

6.
Lancet Oncol ; 21(10): 1378-1386, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33002439

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Genetic variants and lifestyle factors have been associated with gastric cancer risk, but the extent to which an increased genetic risk can be offset by a healthy lifestyle remains unknown. We aimed to establish a genetic risk model for gastric cancer and assess the benefits of adhering to a healthy lifestyle in individuals with a high genetic risk. METHODS: In this meta-analysis and prospective cohort study, we first did a fixed-effects meta-analysis of the association between genetic variants and gastric cancer in six independent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) with a case-control study design. These GWAS comprised 21 168 Han Chinese individuals, of whom 10 254 had gastric cancer and 10 914 geographically matched controls did not. Using summary statistics from the meta-analysis, we constructed five polygenic risk scores in a range of thresholds (p=5 × 10-4 p=5 × 10-5 p=5 × 10-6 p=5 × 10-7, and p=5 × 10-8) for gastric cancer. We then applied these scores to an independent, prospective, nationwide cohort of 100 220 individuals from the China Kadoorie Biobank (CKB), with more than 10 years of follow-up. The relative and absolute risk of incident gastric cancer associated with healthy lifestyle factors (defined as not smoking, never consuming alcohol, the low consumption of preserved foods, and the frequent intake of fresh fruits and vegetables), was assessed and stratified by genetic risk (low [quintile 1 of the polygenic risk score], intermediate [quintile 2-4 of the polygenic risk score], and high [quintile 5 of the polygenic risk score]). Individuals with a favourable lifestyle were considered as those who adopted all four healthy lifestyle factors, those with an intermediate lifestyle adopted two or three factors, and those with an unfavourable lifestyle adopted none or one factor. FINDINGS: The polygenic risk score derived from 112 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (p<5 × 10-5) showed the strongest association with gastric cancer risk (p=7·56 × 10-10). When this polygenic risk score was applied to the CKB cohort, we found that there was a significant increase in the relative risk of incident gastric cancer across the quintiles of the polygenic risk score (ptrend<0·0001). Compared with individuals who had a low genetic risk, those with an intermediate genetic risk (hazard ratio [HR] 1·54 [95% CI 1·22-1·94], p=2·67 × 10-4) and a high genetic risk (2·08 [1·61-2·69], p<0·0001) had a greater risk of gastric cancer. A similar increase in the relative risk of incident gastric cancer was observed across the lifestyle categories (ptrend<0·0001), with a higher risk of gastric cancer in those with an unfavourable lifestyle than those with a favourable lifestyle (2·03 [1·46-2·83], p<0·0001). Participants with a high genetic risk and a favourable lifestyle had a lower risk of gastric cancer than those with a high genetic risk and an unfavourable lifestyle (0·53 [0·29-0·99], p=0·048), with an absolute risk reduction of 1·12% (95% CI 0·62-1·56). INTERPRETATION: Chinese individuals at an increased risk of incident gastric cancer could be identified by use of our newly developed polygenic risk score. Compared with individuals at a high genetic risk who adopt an unhealthy lifestyle, those who adopt a healthy lifestyle could substantially reduce their risk of incident gastric cancer. FUNDING: National Key R&D Program of China, National Natural Science Foundation of China, 333 High-Level Talents Cultivation Project of Jiangsu Province, and China Postdoctoral Science Foundation.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Predisposição Genética para Doença/epidemiologia , Predisposição Genética para Doença/psicologia , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Herança Multifatorial , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias Gástricas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/psicologia
7.
J Cancer ; 11(23): 6850-6860, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33123276

RESUMO

Chemotherapy resistance remains a blockade for successful treatment and longer overall survival of patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). CTNNBIP1 is an inhibitor of ß-catenin that is a chemotherapeutic target for EOC treatment. In the present study, we investigated associations between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of CTNNBIP1 and platinum treatment response of Han Chinese EOC patients and subsequently performed functional prediction and validation of the resultant SNPs. We found that CTNNBIP1 rs935072 AT/TT variant genotypes were associated with platinum treatment response in the multivariate logistic regression analysis of EOC patients. Specifically, the CTNNBIP1 rs935072 AT/TT genotypes were associated with a decreased risk of developing chemoresistance ([adjusted odds ratio (OR)] = 0.89, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.82-0.97 and P=0.010), compared with the AA genotype. Further experiments showed that the underlying mechanism for the CTNNBIP1 rs935072 A>T change in chemotherapy treatment response resulted from a lower binding affinity of miR-27a-3p, thereby leading to up-regulation of the CTNNBIP1 expression. We further found that overexpression of CTNNBIP1 sensitized ovarian cancer cells to platinum treatment. Thus, the present study provides evidence that functional variants of CTNNBIP1 may regulate the expression of CTNNBIP1, a possible mechanism affecting platinum treatment response of EOC patients.

8.
Int J Anal Chem ; 2020: 9760580, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32952560

RESUMO

A simple, sensitive, and exact methyl esterification in combination with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) method was developed to determine the contents of palmitic acid and stearic acid in the chlorinated butyl rubber stoppers and liposome injections in order to evaluate the compatibility of pharmaceutical packaging materials. In this experiment, palmitic acid and stearic acid were detected in the form of methyl hexadecanoate and methyl stearate in chlorinated butyl rubber stoppers and liposome injections. The results showed good linearities in the range of 0.50-10.00 µg·mL-1 for methyl hexadecanoate and 1.00-20.00 µg·mL-1 for methyl stearate, with the limits of detection (LOD) 11.94 ng·mL-1 and 11.90 ng·mL-1, respectively. The recoveries that ranged from 95.25% to 100.29% were satisfied, and the relative standard deviation (RSD) was no more than 7.16%. The developed method was successfully applied to evaluate the compatibility of chlorinated butyl rubber stoppers with liposome injections and the safety assessment.

9.
ACS Omega ; 5(33): 20943-20952, 2020 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32875229

RESUMO

Kinetics and thermogravimetric analysis of recent Phoebe zhennan wood (RZ) and ancient buried P. zhennan wood (ABZ) were investigated under a nitrogen atmosphere at different heating rates of 5, 10, 15, and 20 K/min. The activation energy values were estimated based on the Flynn-Wall-Ozawa model-free method, and then, the Coats-Redfern model-fitting method was used to predict the reaction mechanism. The best model of RZ for regions 1 and 2 was based on the diffusional and reaction order (second-order) mechanism, respectively, while a diffusional (Jander equation) mechanism is the best model for ABZ. The change in enthalpy and activation energy of the RZ was lower than that of the ABZ at different conversion rates. When the conversion rate was less than 0.4, the RZ may require lower thermal decomposition reaction energy, but the overall energy of thermal decomposition reactions and the degree of disorder was not much different.

10.
Carcinogenesis ; 41(9): 1229-1237, 2020 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32663249

RESUMO

Acquired platinum resistance impedes successful treatment of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), and this resistance may be associated with inherited DNA damage-repair response. In the present study, we performed a two-phase analysis to assess associations between 8191 single-nucleotide polymorphisms within 127 genes of nucleotide excision repair pathway from a genome-wide association study dataset and platinum treatment response in 803 Han Chinese EOC patients. As a result, we identified that platinum-based chemotherapeutic response was associated with two potentially functional variants MNAT1 rs2284704 T>C [TC + CC versus TT, adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 0.89, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.83-0.95 and P = 0.0005] and HUS1B rs61748571 A>G (AG + GG versus AA, OR = 1.10, 95% CI = 1.03-1.18 and P = 0.005). Compared with the prediction model for clinical factors only, models incorporating HUS1B rs61748571 [area under the curve (AUC) 0.652 versus 0.672, P = 0.026] and the number of unfavorable genotypes (AUC 0.652 versus 0.668, P = 0.040) demonstrated a significant increase in the AUC. Further expression quantitative trait loci analysis suggested that MNAT1 rs2284704 T>C significantly influenced mRNA expression levels of MNAT1 (P = 0.003). These results indicated that MNAT1 rs2284704 T>C and HUS1B rs61748571 A>G may serve as potential biomarkers for predicting platinum treatment response of Chinese EOC patients, once validated by further functional studies.

11.
Biomacromolecules ; 21(8): 3134-3139, 2020 08 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32628833

RESUMO

Although PEGylation is widely used in biomedicine with great success, it suffers from many drawbacks, such as polydispersity, nonbiodegradability, and loss of precursor potency. Recently, the search for polyethylene glycol (PEG) substitutes has attracted considerable attention. Some of the substitutes partially address the drawbacks of PEGs, but sacrifice the "stealth" effect of PEGs and bring in new issues. Herein, we developed monodisperse oligoethylene glycol (M-OEG) polyamides over 5000 Da as biodegradable and monodisperse PEGylation (M-PEGylation) agents, which provided M-PEGylated peptides and proteins with high monodispersity and a biodegradable PEG moiety. Compared to regular PEGylated proteins with a complex "stealth" cloud of PEG, the hydrogen bond interactions between the M-OEG polyamides and proteins provided the M-PEGylated protein with a biodegradable "stealth" cloak. The monodisperse and biodegradable M-PEGylation strategy as well as the peculiar protein-M-OEG polyamide interactions may shed light on many long-lasting issues during the development of PEGylated biologic drugs, such as monodispersity, biodegradability, and tunable conformation.

12.
Ann Transl Med ; 8(11): 712, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32617332

RESUMO

Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) have shown great prospects as real-time bidirectional links between living brains and actuators. Artificial intelligence (AI), which can advance the analysis and decoding of neural activity, has turbocharged the field of BCIs. Over the past decade, a wide range of BCI applications with AI assistance have emerged. These "smart" BCIs including motor and sensory BCIs have shown notable clinical success, improved the quality of paralyzed patients' lives, expanded the athletic ability of common people and accelerated the evolution of robots and neurophysiological discoveries. However, despite technological improvements, challenges remain with regard to the long training periods, real-time feedback, and monitoring of BCIs. In this article, the authors review the current state of AI as applied to BCIs and describe advances in BCI applications, their challenges and where they could be headed in the future.

13.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 2961, 2020 06 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32528084

RESUMO

Colonoscopy is commonly used to screen for colorectal cancer (CRC). We develop a deep learning model called CRCNet for optical diagnosis of CRC by training on 464,105 images from 12,179 patients and test its performance on 2263 patients from three independent datasets. At the patient-level, CRCNet achieves an area under the precision-recall curve (AUPRC) of 0.882 (95% CI: 0.828-0.931), 0.874 (0.820-0.926) and 0.867 (0.795-0.923). CRCNet exceeds average endoscopists performance on recall rate across two test sets (91.3% versus 83.8%; two-sided t-test, p < 0.001 and 96.5% versus 90.3%; p = 0.006) and precision for one test set (93.7% versus 83.8%; p = 0.02), while obtains comparable recall rate on one test set and precision on the other two. At the image-level, CRCNet achieves an AUPRC of 0.990 (0.987-0.993), 0.991 (0.987-0.995), and 0.997 (0.995-0.999). Our study warrants further investigation of CRCNet by prospective clinical trials.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Aprendizado Profundo , Aprendizado de Máquina , Idoso , Colonoscopia , Feminino , Gastroenterologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(11): 10827-10843, 2020 06 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32491995

RESUMO

Immunotherapies have dramatically improved survival outcome for patients with melanoma. MUC16 encodes cancer antigen 125 (CA125), which is frequently mutated in melanoma. In this study, we correlated the MUC16 mutational status with the following: tumor mutation burden (TML), multiple immune-related signals in microenvironment, deregulated pathways, survival outcome, and immunotherapeutic efficacy. We found that patients with MUC16 mutations had significantly higher TML than those without it. Enriched pro-inflammatory CD8 T cells and M1 macrophages, enhanced interferon gamma (IFNγ) and T cell-inflamed signatures, and increased cytolytic activity were associated with MUC16 mutations. Immune-suppressive M2 macrophages were enriched in patients with wild-type MUC16. Immune checkpoints expression (e.g., PD-L1, PD-1 and CTLA-4) was also elevated in patients with MUC16 mutations. Immune response relevant circuits were among the top enriched pathways in samples with MUC16 mutations. Patients with MUC16 mutations exhibited a significantly better prognosis. For patients who received immunotherapy, the presence of MUC16 mutations was associated with a better response rate and survival outcome in male patients but not in female or overall patients. These findings provide new implications for tailoring immunotherapeutic strategies for melanoma patients.

15.
Pathol Res Pract ; 216(7): 153000, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32534710

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression of Kin of IRRE-Like Protein 1 (KIRREL) and its clinicopathologic significance in breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The mRNA and protein expressions of KIRREL in fresh breast cancer tissue specimens and the corresponding noncancerous tissue specimens were examined by western blot analysis (n = 24) and RT-qPCR (n = 48). KIRREL was detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC) using breast cancer tissue microarrays (TMAs) in 302 patients. The prognostic roles and clinicopathologic significances in breast cancer were statistically analyzed. RESULTS: Compared with para-carcinoma tissues, KIRREL mRNA and protein were overexpressed in breast cancer tissues. Immunohistochemical results showed that the high expression rate of KIRREL staining in breast cancer was 43.7% (132/302). Moreover, Expression of KIRREL was significantly correlated with Her2 status and survival outcomes of patients. Patients with both positive expression of KIRREL showed shorter overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS). Additionally, Cox multivariate survival analysis revealed that KIRREL level, age, primary tumor size, tumor stage and distant metastasis were the independent parameter predicting the prognosis of breast cancer patients. CONCLUSIONS: KIRREL was overexpressed in breast cancer and the overexpression of KIRREL could serve as an independent predictor of poor prognosis in breast cancer patients.

16.
Gynecol Oncol ; 158(1): 178-187, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32362568

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Extensive genetic and limited epigenetics have been characterized by the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) among Western High-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC). The present study aimed to characterize Chinese HGSOC at genome scale. METHODS: We used reduced representation bisulfite sequencing to investigate whole-genome and tumor-specific DNA methylation in 21 HGSOC tumors paired with their normal tissues, followed by a replication study involving additional 41 HGSOC patients. Altered methylation patterns in HGSOC were further characterized by gene expression profiles and whole-exome sequencing data. RESULTS: Comparing HGSOC tumors with normal tissues we observed global hypomethylation but with more specific hypermethylation in gene promoter. Totally, we revealed 159,881 differentially methylated regions (DMRs) and 4060 differentially expressed genes (DEGs). By integrating DNA methylation and mRNA expression data, we identified 153 negative (mainly in the upstream region) and 115 positive (mainly in the CDS regions) DMRs-DEGs correlated pairs, respectively. The negatively correlated DMRs-DEGs underlined Wnt and cell adhesion molecule binding as critical canonical pathways disrupted by DNA methylation. Eleven DMRs (in CAPS, FZD7, CDKN2A, PON3, KLF4, etc.), accompanied with a global DNA methylation marker, were validated in the replication samples. Whole-exome sequencing presented a relatively less dominated TP53 mutation in Chinese HGSOC compared to TCGA dataset. Unsupervised analysis of the three-level omics data identified differential methylation and expression subgroups based on tumor genetics, one of which presented increased DNA methylation and significantly associated with TP53 mutation. CONCLUSIONS: Our individual and integrated analyses contribute details about the tissue-specific genetic and DNA methylation landscape of Chinese HGSOC.

17.
Chemosphere ; 254: 126806, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32339793

RESUMO

Z-scheme Cu2O-(rGO-TiO2) photocatalyst was successfully synthesized via a simple three-step approach for 2,2',4,4'-tretrabromodiphenyl ether (BDE47) reductive removal under simulated solar irradiation. Unlike the traditional heterojunction, the addition of reduced graphene oxide (rGO) enhanced the redox ability of Cu2O-TiO2 by increasing charge transfer. When modifying Cu2O films by adding 1% rGO and coating with 70% TiO2, the resulting Cu2O-(rGO-TiO2) exhibited the best photocatalytic activity for BDE47 removal. The charge transfers of Cu2O-(rGO-TiO2) were proven to follow a Z-scheme pathway through the electron paramagnetic resonance analysis. The degradation pathways of BDE47 were elucidated by identifying intermediate products via gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and gas chromatography (GC). Photo-electrons (e-) generated from the conduction band of Cu2O and hydrogen protons (H0) reduced from H+ in water were the main contributing elements for the removal of BDE47, which response to the ortho and para debromination. Ortho-Br of BDE47 was attacked by e- and BDE28 was the dominant debromination product on the first stage. Then e- and H0 attacked ortho-Br and para-Br of BDE28 to form BDE15 and BDE8, respectively. The concentration of BDE8 was higher than that of BDE15, suggesting that H0 played the most important role on the second debromination stage. An effective Cu2O-(rGO-TiO2)-based Z-scheme system for BDE47 debromination was proposed in this study, which may contribute to the development of novel green technologies.


Assuntos
Éteres Difenil Halogenados/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Catálise , Éter , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Grafite , Oxirredução , Luz Solar , Titânio/química , Purificação da Água
18.
Data Brief ; 30: 105523, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32322636

RESUMO

Data presented in this article are supplementary materials to the research article entitled "IGFBP2 regulates PD-L1 expression by activating the EGFR-STAT3 signaling pathway in malignant melanoma". Data for melanoma patients who did not receive anti-PD-1 treatment were obtained from Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute & Hospital from February 1981 to May 2013. Kaplan-Meier was used for survival analysis. RNA sequencing data from 28 melanoma patients receiving anti-PD-1 therapy were download from GEO database (GSE78220). Cluster analysis of RNA expression was performed using R (package pheatmap). The difference of PD-L1 expression was analysed by the Boxplot (R ggplot2 package). Differences between each group were analyzed by Fisher exact test. Information of 13 melanoma patients who had failed prior chemotherapy and treated in the Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute & Hospital between July 2015 and December 2018 was collected. The response was captured by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors 1.1 (RECIST 1.1).

19.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(4): 272, 2020 04 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32332698

RESUMO

Metabolic abnormality is the major feature of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC), however, the underlying mechanism remain largely elusive. Fatty acid desaturase 1 (FADS1), as the key rate-limiting enzyme of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), catalyzes dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (DGLA) to arachidonic acid (AA). In this study, we reported that the expression of FADS1 was upregulated in LSCC, high FADS1 expression was closely associated with the advanced clinical features and poor prognosis of the recurrent LSCC patients after chemotherapy. Liquid chromatograph-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) analysis revealed that FADS1 overexpression induced greater conversion of DGLA to AA, suggesting an increased activity of FADS1. Similarly, the level of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), a downstream metabolite of AA, was also elevated in cancerous laryngeal tissues. Functional assays showed that FADS1 knockdown suppressed the proliferation, migration and invasion of LSCC cells, while FADS1 overexpression had the opposite effects. Bioinformatic analysis based on microarray data found that FADS1 could activate AKT/mTOR signaling. This hypothesis was further validated by both in vivo and in vitro assays. Hence, our data has supported the viewpoint that FADS1 is a potential promoter in LSCC progression, and has laid the foundation for further functional research on the PUFA dietary supplementation interventions targeting FADS1/AKT/mTOR pathway for LSCC prevention and treatment.

20.
Cancer Lett ; 477: 19-30, 2020 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32120023

RESUMO

Immunotherapy targeting the PD-1/PD-L1 receptor has achieved great success in melanoma patients. Although many studies have addressed the underlying mechanisms involved in the blockade of PD-1/PD-L1 and the consequent modulation of the immune system, the mechanisms of PD-L1 upregulation and reliable biomarkers to predict the efficacy of anti-PD-1/PD-L1 therapy remain unknown. The present study demonstrates the correlation between IGFBP2 and PD-L1, revealing a novel immune-associated tumor function of IGFBP2 in facilitating nuclear accumulation of EGFR and activation of the EGFR/STAT3/PD-L1 signaling pathway in melanoma cells. Our results also suggest that combined IGFBP2 and PD-L1 expression has the potential to predict the efficacy of anti-PD-1 treatment for malignant melanoma; because the combination of high IGFBP2 and PD-L1 expression characterizes melanoma patients with worse overall survival and is associated with a better immune ecosystem. These characteristics have been confirmed by both in vitro and in vivo data. Consequently, IGFBP2 regulates PD-L1 expression by activating the EGFR-STAT3 signaling pathway and its function as a PD-L1 regulator might suggest novel therapeutic approach for melanoma.

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