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Sensors (Basel) ; 19(1)2018 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30577674


Boronic acids (BAs) provide strong potential in orientation immobilization of antibody and the modification method is crucial for efficiency optimization. A highly effective method has been developed for rapid antibody immobilization on gold electrodes through the electrodeposition of a BA⁻containing linker in this study. Aniline-based BA forms a condense layer while antibody could automatically immobilize on the surface of the electrode. Compare to traditional self-assembled monolayer method, the electrodeposition process dramatically reduces the modification time from days to seconds. It also enhances the immobilized efficiency from 95 to 408 (ng/cm²) with a strong preference being exhibited for shorter aniline-based linkers.

Anticorpos Imobilizados/química , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Ácidos Borônicos/química , Técnicas de Microbalança de Cristal de Quartzo , Adsorção , Compostos de Anilina/química , Anticorpos Imobilizados/imunologia , Eletrodos , Ouro/química , Humanos
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 8(22): 13714-23, 2016 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27198164


Fluorescent silicon quantum dots (SiQDs) have shown a great potential as antiphotobleaching, nontoxic and biodegradable labels for various in vitro and in vivo applications. However, fabricating SiQDs with high water-solubility and high photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) remains a challenge. Furthermore, for targeted imaging, their surface chemistry has to be capable of conjugating to antibodies, as well as sufficiently antifouling. Herein, antibody-conjugated SiQD nanoparticles (SiQD-NPs) with antifouling coatings composed of bovine serum albumin (BSA) and polyethylene glycol (PEG) are demonstrated for immunostaining on live cancer cells. The monodisperse SiQD-NPs of diameter about 130 nm are synthesized by a novel top-down method, including electrochemical etching, photochemical hydrosilylation, high energy ball milling, and "selective-etching" in HNO3 and HF. Subsequently, the BSA and PEG are covalently grafted on to the SiQD-NP surface through presynthesized chemical linkers, resulting in a stable, hydrophilic, and antifouling organic capping layer with isothiocyanates as the terminal functional groups for facile conjugation to the antibodies. The in vitro cell viability assay reveals that the BSA-coated SiQD-NPs had exceptional biocompatibility, with minimal cytotoxicity at concentration up to 1600 µg mL(-1). Under 365 nm excitation, the SiQD-NP colloid emits bright reddish photoluminescence with PLQY = 45-55% in organic solvent and 5-10% in aqueous buffer. Finally, through confocal fluorescent imaging and flow cytometry analysis, the anti-HER2 conjugated SiQD-NPs show obvious specific binding to the HER2-overexpressing SKOV3 cells and negligible nonspecific binding to the HER2-nonexpressing CHO cells. Under similar experimental conditions, the immunofluorescence results obtained with the SiQD-NPs are comparable to those using conventional fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC).

Nanopartículas , Pontos Quânticos , Coloração e Rotulagem/métodos , Animais , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cricetinae , Cricetulus , Nanopartículas/toxicidade , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Soroalbumina Bovina/química , Silício
Org Biomol Chem ; 7(19): 4074-81, 2009 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19763314


A manganese(III)-mediated reaction between 2-benzoyl-1,4-benzoquinones and 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds that produces benzo[c]furan-4,7-diones and anthracene-1,4-diones with high chemoselectivity is described. With ethyl butyrylacetate, by changing the solvent, benzo[c]furan-4,7-diones and anthracene-1,4-diones can be generated in high chemoselectivities. With ethyl benzoylacetate, N ,N-dimethyl acetoacetamide and 1,3-diones, benzo[c]furan-4,7-diones were produced effectively with high selectivity. With 2-alkyl-5-benzoyl-1,4-benzoquinones, the regioselectivity of this reaction was also studied and the corresponding benzo[c]furan-4,7-dione and anthracene-1,4-dione derivatives were obtained in high regioselectivity.