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1.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 21(1): 667, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032565

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several cup anteversion measurements for post-operative total hip arthroplasty (THA) surgery have been described. We developed the standardized Liaw's trigonometric method to eliminate the influence of patient position, which is the most accurate method for cup anteversion measurement. We then developed an ellipse method using the Elliversion software and reported an interobserver error reduction in 2013. In this study, we attempted to apply this ellipse method in the clinic and compared its accuracy with the standard trigonometric version. METHODS: In the present study, we attempted to incorporate the ellipse method with Liaw's standardized anteversion in the simulated cup position. We measured standardized Liaw's anteversion for 434 radiographs in the clinic using the ellipse method. Repeated standard deviation (RSD) was calculated for accuracy evaluation. Furthermore, paired t-test was used for comparison with the interobserver and intraobserver errors. RESULTS: We found that the standardized Liaw's anteversion measured using the ellipse method showed lower RSD than the radiographic version. RSD was 0.795 in the standardized Liaw's anteversion with ellipse method group. The p-values of the paired t-test were all higher than 0.05 when measuring the interobserver and intraobserver errors. It indicated that the ellipse method was a precise and simple tool for cup anteversion measurement. CONCLUSION: We believe that this ellipse measurement can assist surgeons while placing the acetabulum cup into the precise position and enable early diagnosis of acetabulum loosening.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023290

RESUMO

For hole-conductor-free, fully printable mesoscopic perovskite solar cells (MPSCs), it is difficult to achieve free and efficient diffusion of perovskite precursors in micron-scale porous structures. Thus, the wettability of the perovskite precursor is one of the most crucial factors that determine the performance of MPSCs. Here, d-sorbitol hexaacetate (DSHA) is introduced as an additive for fabricating hole-conductor-free, fully printable MPSCs based on methylammonium lead iodide (MAPbI3). The fabricated MPSCs exhibited an efficiency of 14.33%. Moreover, the influence of DSHA on the optical properties, morphology, and filling of perovskite in the MPSCs has been systematically investigated. The results revealed that DSHA effectively optimized the morphology, improved the pore-filling, and passivated the defects of perovskite films. Remarkably, the unencapsulated MPSCs retained 93% of their original power-conversion efficiency (PCE) after 45 days of storage in air with humidity of 50 ± 5%.

3.
Eur J Dermatol ; 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33052103

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The efficacy and safety of calcipotriol plus betamethasone dipropionate gel for the treatment of scalp psoriasis has previously been demonstrated in a four-week trial in a Chinese population. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of two-compound gel in Chinese adult patients with scalp psoriasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multicentre, prospective, randomized, active-controlled trial was established in which subjects were randomized (at a ratio of 4:1) to receive either two-compound gel once daily or calcipotriol scalp solution twice daily for 28 weeks. Incidence of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) of any type and adverse events (AEs) of concern associated with long-term corticosteroid use on the scalp were evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 951 subjects were randomly assigned to receive either two-compound gel (n=760) or calcipotriol scalp solution (n=191). The incidence of ADRs was significantly lower in the two-compound gel group compared with the calcipotriol scalp solution group (11.7 vs. 22.2%, p<0.001). There was no significant difference in treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) associated with long-term topical corticosteroid use on the scalp (1.1% vs. 0%, p=0.369) between the two groups. A statistically significant difference in the percentage of visits with treatment success according to the Subject's Global Assessment was observed (p=0.009); more subjects had visits with 100% treatment success (15.2 vs. 6.3%) and fewer subjects had visits with 0% treatment success (23.7 vs. 30.8%) using two-compound gel compared to calcipotriol scalp solution. CONCLUSIONS: The two-compound gel was well tolerated and effective in the long-term management of scalp psoriasis in Chinese patients.

4.
Org Lett ; 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33002359

RESUMO

While N-hydroxyphthalimide (NHPI) ester has emerged as a powerful reagent as an alkyl radical source for a variety of C-C bond formations, the corresponding C(sp3)-N bond formation is still in its infancy. We demonstrate herein transition-metal-free decarboxylative C(sp3)-X bond formation enabled by the photochemical activity of the NHPI ester-NaI-NHC complex, giving primary C(sp3)-(N)phth, secondary C(sp3)-I, or tertiary C(sp3)-(meta C)phth coupling products. The primary C(sp3)-(N)phth coupling offers convenient access to primary amines.

5.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33084318

RESUMO

Diffusion properties notably determine the behavior of biomembranes. Here we report the concurrent nanoscale fine-mapping of membrane topography, diffusivity, and packing order in live mammalian cells through a synergy of single-molecule and super-resolution methods. By identifying a bright, lipophilic fluorescence turn-on probe that enables sustained single-molecule imaging of cellular membranes under stroboscopic excitation, we accumulate the positions and transient displacements of >106 probe molecules to achieve super-resolution topography and diffusivity mapping. We thus determine a trend that the membrane diffusivity drops with increased lipid packing order when comparing the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane, plasma membrane, and nanodomains induced by cholera toxin B. Utilizing our nanoscale mapping capability, we further unveil reduced diffusivity in the ER membrane at ER-plasma membrane contact sites. By next integrating spectrally resolved single-molecule imaging, we show that this localized diffusion slowdown is not due to altered lipid packing order but may instead be attributed to local protein crowding. Our integrated multidimensional single-molecule approach thus unveils and differentiates between nanoscale diffusional heterogeneities of different origins in live-cell membranes.

6.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 15223, 2020 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32938955

RESUMO

Age-adjusted suicide rates in the US have increased over the past two decades across all age groups. The ability to identify risk factors for suicidal behavior is critical to selected and indicated prevention efforts among those at elevated risk of suicide. We used widely available statewide hospitalization data to identify and test the joint predictive power of clinical risk factors associated with death by suicide for patients previously hospitalized for a suicide attempt (N = 19,057). Twenty-eight clinical factors from the prior suicide attempt were found to be significantly associated with the hazard of subsequent suicide mortality. These risk factors and their two-way interactions were used to build a joint predictive model via stepwise regression, in which the predicted individual survival probability was found to be a valid measure of risk for later suicide death. A high-risk group with a four-fold increase in suicide mortality risk was identified based on the out-of-sample predicted survival probabilities. This study demonstrates that the combination of state-level hospital discharge and mortality data can be used to identify suicide attempters who are at high risk of subsequent suicide death.

7.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 14882, 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32913265

RESUMO

It is great of importance to better understand the effects of the long-term fertilization on crop yields, soil properties and nitrogen (N) use efficiency in a rotation cropping cultivation system under the conditions of frequent soil disturbance. Therefore, a long-term field experiment of 40 years under soybean-maize rotation was performed in a brown soil to investigate the effects of inorganic and organic fertilizers on crop yields, soil properties and nitrogen use efficiency. Equal amounts of 15N-labelled urea with 20.8% of atom were used and uniformly applied into the micro-plots of the treatments with N, NPK, M1NPK, M2NPK before soybean sowing, respectively. Analyses showed that a total of 18.3-32.5% of applied N fertilizer was taken up by crops in the first soybean growing season, and that the application of manure combining with chemical fertilizer M2NPK demonstrated the highest rate of 15N recovery and increased soil organic matter (SOM) and Olsen phosphorus (Olsen P), thereby sustaining a higher crop yield and alleviating soil acidification. Data also showed that no significant difference was observed in the 15N recovery from residue N in the second maize season plant despite of showing a lower 15N recovery compared with the first soybean season. The recovery rates of 15N in soils were ranged from 38.2 to 49.7% by the end of the second cropping season, and the residuals of 15N distribution in soil layers revealed significant differences. The M2NPK treatment demonstrated the highest residual amounts of 15N, and a total of 50% residual 15N were distributed in a soil layer of 0-20 cm. Our results showed that long-term application of organic fertilizers could effectively promote N use efficiency by increasing SOM and improving soil fertility, and thus leading to an increase in crop yields. This study will provide a scientific reference and guidance for improving soil sustainable productivity by manure application.

8.
J Formos Med Assoc ; 2020 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32891489

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Lung cancer patients can have advanced-stages at diagnosis, even the tumor size is ≤2 cm. We aimed to study the relationship between image characteristics, clinical, and patholoigcal results. METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled patients with lung adenocarcinoma at Taichung Veterans General Hospital and Chang Gung Memorial Hospital from 2007 to 2015, who were diagnosed with treatment naïve primary tumor lesions at sizes less than 2 cm, as measured by computed tomography (CT) scans. The patient was analyzed for lymph node (LN) and distant metastasis evaluation, with clinicopathological characteristics, including tumor-disappearance ratio (TDR) (tumor diameter at the mediastinal/lung window) over chest CT scans, pathological diagnosis, disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS). RESULTS: Totally 280 patients were surveyed initially and showed significantly increase of clinical LN involvement and distant metastasis when TDR ≤75% compared with >75% (21.6% vs 0% for LN involvement; 27.1% vs 0% for distant metastasis; both p < 0.001). We included 199 patients having surgical treatment and follow-up for the survival analysis. With a TDR ≤75%, significantly worse DFS (HR, 19.23; 95% CI, 2.60-142.01; p = 0.004) and a trend of worse OS (HR, 4.97; 95% CI, 0.61-40.61; p = 0.134) were noted by Kaplan-Meier method. TDR ≤75% revealed more advanced pathological stage, and more tumors containing micropapillary or solid subtypes when diagnosed adenocarcinoma. CONCLUSION: For lung cancer patients with primary tumor ≤2 cm, TDR ≤75% was related to more advanced stages, the presence of micropapillary or solid components of adenocarcinoma subtypes, worse DFS, and a trend of worse OS.

10.
Sci Total Environ ; 740: 140392, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32927558

RESUMO

Environmental pollution by the psychoactive drug diazepam (DZP) has been suggested to disrupt various behavioral traits of fishes. Exposure to DZP in natural waters may be of episodic duration, but there are few reports on the persistence of abnormal behaviors of fishes caused by such acute exposure. In the current study, we exposed juvenile zebrafish (Danio rerio) to sublethal doses of DZP (1200, 120, and 12 µg/L) for four days and evaluated their behavioral traits and brain γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) levels at days 0 (i.e., immediately after the 4-day exposure), 7, and 21 of the recovery period. Exposure to DZP induced short-term impairment of swimming ability and two-fish interactions of zebrafish. In contrast, DZP induced persistent and/or delayed effects on locomotor activity of zebrafish, i.e., hypoactivity at 1200 µg/L and hyperactivity at 120 and 12 µg/L, that could be still observed on days 7 and/or 21 during the recovery period. DZP exposure also exhibited concentration-specific effects on brain GABA levels in zebrafish, i.e., decreased at 1200 µg/L and increased at 120 and 12 µg/L. Correlation analysis suggested that the changes in brain GABA levels may contribute to the persistence of abnormalities in the locomotor activity of zebrafish. Our findings suggest that zebrafish need a long time to recover from acute exposure to DZP, thus highlighting that the persistence of behavioral abnormalities induced by such psychoactive drugs should be considered in order to better assess their risks in natural ecosystems.


Assuntos
Poluentes Químicos da Água , Peixe-Zebra , Animais , Encéfalo , Diazepam , Ecossistema , Ácido gama-Aminobutírico
11.
Oncology ; : 1-9, 2020 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32894845

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The characteristics and efficacy of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) in advanced EGFR-mutant lung adenocarcinoma patients with primary tumor resection (PTR) is not yet clear. METHODS: We enrolled advanced EGFR-mutant lung adenocarcinoma patients with EGFR-TKI as first-line therapy to access the impact of PTR on the outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 466 patients were enrolled with 76 patients (16.3%) undergoing PTR; 59 patients recurred after curative surgery, while 17 patients underwent surgery as diagnostic purposes. PTR patients displayed a better performance status, a lower metastatic burden, and much less measurable diseases (30.3 vs. 97.4%, p < 0.001). PTR patients experienced a significantly longer progression-free survival (25.1 [95% CI 16.6-33.7] vs. 9.4 [95% CI 8.4-10.4] months; aHR 0.40 [95% CI 0.30-0.54], p < 0.001) and overall survival (56.8 [95% CI 36.3-77.2] vs. 31.8 [95% CI 28.2-35.4] months; aHR 0.57 [95% CI 0.39-0.84], p = 0.004). Survival advantage was still observed while comparing PTR patients with the better performance and lower metastatic burden subgroup found within the non-resection group. Moreover, the progression-free survival and overall survival of 11 patients who were found having pleural metastases during surgery and underwent PTR plus pleural biopsy, were also longer than those with pure N0--1/M1a-malignant pleural effusion disease in the non-resection group (n = 19) (p < 0.001 and p = 0.002, respectively). CONCLUSION: PTR was associated with significantly better outcomes in advanced lung adenocarcinoma patients treated with EGFR-TKI. Further studies are needed to evaluate the biological role of PTR among these patients.

12.
Dermatol Ther ; : e14263, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869931

RESUMO

Psoriasis is a chronic, recurrent skin disease requiring long-term management. Agents that repair the skin's barrier function are invaluable additives in topical treatments of psoriasis. This multicenter, randomized, controlled trial evaluated the efficacy and safety of a linoleic acid-ceramide-containing moisturizer (LA-Cer) for mild-to-moderate psoriasis vulgaris. We randomized 178 patients from both northern and southern regions of China into two groups: 81 patients in the control group received mometasone furoate (MF, 0.1%) cream, while MF in combination with LA-Cer was administered to 86 patients in the treatment group for 4 weeks. The LA-Cer-MF group maintained the use of moisturizer after topical glucocorticoid administration. The primary endpoint, Psoriasis Area and Severity Index 50 (PASI 50) response, revealed the superiority of LA-Cer-MF with lower relapse rates at week 8. The use of the LA-Cer-containing moisturizer as maintenance therapy resulted in a continuous improvement in the clinical state in terms of body surface area, PASI, investigators' assessment of skin dryness and desquamation, and Physician Global Assessment of Psoriasis score, and in the patients' quality of life. Thus, the LA-Cer-containing moisturizer is a promising agent to prevent and treat psoriasis as it enhances the therapeutic effect induced by topical glucocorticoids and delays relapse.

13.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238802, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32915857

RESUMO

In this paper, we present an efficient algorithm for point cloud registration in presence of low overlap rate and high noise. The proposed registration method mainly includes four parts: the loop voxel filtering, the curvature-based key point selection, the robust geometric descriptor, and the determining and optimization of correspondences based on key point spatial relationship. The loop voxel filtering filters point clouds to a specified resolution. We propose a key point selection algorithm which has a better anti-noise and fast ability. The feature descriptor of key points is highly exclusive which is based on the geometric relationship between the neighborhood points and the center of gravity of the neighborhood. The correspondences in the pair of two point clouds are determined according to the combined features of key points. Finally, the singular value decomposition and ICP algorithm are applied to align two point clouds. The proposed registration method can accurately and quickly register point clouds of different resolutions in noisy situations. We validate our proposal by presenting a quantitative experimental comparison with state-of-the-art methods. Experimental results show that the proposed point cloud registration algorithm has faster calculation speed, higher registration accuracy, and better anti-noise performance.

15.
In Vitro Cell Dev Biol Anim ; 56(8): 635-641, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901428

RESUMO

High ambient temperature is one of the most important environmental factors that caused the reduction of livestock productivity and the increase of mortality. It has been shown that heat stress could affect the meat quality characteristics by physiological and metabolic perturbations in live livestock. Rosmarinic acid (RA) is a natural polyphenolic phytochemical compound that has many important biological activities, such as antioxidant, antimutagenic, and antitumor. The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible function and mechanism of RA on myoblast proliferation and differentiation under heat stress condition. The results showed that heat stress reduced the viability of myoblast and increased the percentage of apoptotic cells, and it also disrupted myotube formation by altering the expression of myogenic regulatory factors MyoD, myogenin, and MyHC. However, pretreatment of RA can protect C2C12 cells from heat stress-induced apoptosis, and it also increased the expression level of MyoD, myogenin, and MyHC under heat stress, which indicated that RA have protective effect on heat stress-caused failure of myotube formation during myoblast differentiation. Above all, our finding demonstrated that RA can promote the differentiation of C2C12 myoblast and maintain the formation of myotubes even under heat stress condition.

16.
Drug Discov Today ; 2020 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32949528

RESUMO

Gene therapy involves the introduction of new genes into cells, to modify or manipulate the expression of a gene or to alter the biological properties, for the purpose of treating disease. It is designed to treat genetic diseases at their root, by correcting the mutation responsible, its success in treatment of blood cancers and rare diseases is encouraging, and it is also beginning to show promising effects against solid tumors. Here, we comprehensively analyze all the active clinical trials of gene therapy for solid tumors from January 2010 to April 2020. Our analysis highlights the increasing trends in gene therapy trials in China and elsewhere, as well as the potential of oncolytic viruses as gene therapy products for solid tumors in vivo.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32980968

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: We found that a rice NADPH oxidase gene OsRbohB contributes drought tolerance and its functions are involved in the interaction of the OsRbohB-mediated ROS production and ABA signaling. The plasma membrane NADPH oxidases, also known as respiratory burst oxidase homologs, are the key producers of ROS under both normal and stress conditions in plants. However, their functions in rice development and stress tolerance are still under investigation. Here, we found that a rice NADPH oxidase gene OsRbohB, also named OsNOX1, is expressed in all tissues examined throughout the development stages with higher transcripts in leaves. The transcriptional expression of OsRbohB is also strongly stimulated by dehydration, salt and several phytohormonal treatments. Compared with wide-type and the OsRbohB-overexpressing transgenic plants, osrbohB, a Tos17 insertion knockout mutant of OsRbohB, shows lower ROS production, abscisic acid (ABA) content and transcripts of a series of stress-related genes. The osrbohB mutant also exhibits lower seed germination rate, organ size and thousand seed weight, but higher stomatal aperture and sensitivity to drought. Moreover, a number of genes involved in plant development, stress response, transcriptional regulation, and particularly ABA signaling are differentially expressed in osrbohB plants under both normal growth and drought conditions. All these results suggest the roles of OsRbohB in drought tolerance of rice, which probably performed through the interaction of the OsRbohB-mediated ROS production and ABA signaling.

18.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 204: 111035, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32768746

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was first detected in December 2019 in Wuhan, China, with 11,669,259 positive cases and 539,906 deaths globally as of July 8, 2020. The objective of the present study was to determine whether meteorological parameters and air quality affect the transmission of COVID-19, analogous to SARS. We captured data from 29 provinces, including numbers of COVID-19 cases, meteorological parameters, air quality and population flow data, between Jan 21, 2020 and Apr 3, 2020. To evaluate the transmissibility of COVID-19, the basic reproductive ratio (R0) was calculated with the maximum likelihood "removal" method, which is based on chain-binomial model, and the association between COVID-19 and air pollutants or meteorological parameters was estimated by correlation analyses. The mean estimated value of R0 was 1.79 ± 0.31 in 29 provinces, ranging from 1.08 to 2.45. The correlation between R0 and the mean relative humidity was positive, with coefficient of 0.370. In provinces with high flow, indicators such as carbon monoxide (CO) and 24-h average concentration of carbon monoxide (CO_24 h) were positively correlated with R0, while nitrogen dioxide (NO2), 24-h average concentration of nitrogen dioxide (NO2_24 h) and daily maximum temperature were inversely correlated to R0, with coefficients of 0.644, 0.661, -0.636, -0.657, -0.645, respectively. In provinces with medium flow, only the weather factors were correlated with R0, including mean/maximum/minimum air pressure and mean wind speed, with coefficients of -0.697, -0.697, -0.697 and -0.841, respectively. There was no correlation with R0 and meteorological parameters or air pollutants in provinces with low flow. Our findings suggest that higher ambient CO concentration is a risk factor for increased transmissibility of the novel coronavirus, while higher temperature and air pressure, and efficient ventilation reduce its transmissibility. The effect of meteorological parameters and air pollutants varies in different regions, and requires that these issues be considered in future modeling disease transmissibility.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Exposição Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Poluição do Ar/análise , Betacoronavirus , Monóxido de Carbono/análise , China/epidemiologia , Coronavirus , Humanos , Dióxido de Nitrogênio/análise , Pandemias , Material Particulado/análise , Temperatura , Tempo (Meteorologia)
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