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1.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(18): 9522-9531, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33015794

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been shown to have important effects on various biological behavior of human diseases. Although increasing lncRNAs have been explored in human cancers, there are still countless lncRNA to be mined. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of lncRNA SNHG16 on the proliferation and metastasis of lung cancer cells. PATIENTS AND METHODS: RT-qPCR was used to analyze the expression patterns of SNHG16, miR-520 and VEGF. MTT and transwell methods were used to detect the effect of SNHG16 on cell migration. The association between SNHG16, miR-520 and VEGF was analyzed by bioinformatics analysis and Dual-Luciferase verification reporter analysis. Finally, lung cancer cells have demonstrated the role of SNHG16-miR-520-VEGF in the cell biological behavior axis. RESULTS: Compared with normal cells, SNHG16 is highly expressed in lung cancer cells. Silent SNHG16 has a negative effect on the migration of lung cancer cells. CONCLUSIONS: LncRNA SNHG16 as ceRNA up-regulates VEGF in lung cancer cells by binding to miR-520. LncRNA SNHG16 as ceRNA promotes the migration of lung cancer cells by regulating the miR-520/VEGF axis.

2.
Rev Neurol (Paris) ; 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036763

RESUMO

Juvenile amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (JALS) is a rare and severe form of ALS. The development of gene sequencing methods has resulted in increased reports of JALS cases in recent years, and additional gene mutations in FUS have been identified. Fused in sarcoma (FUS) mutations, appeared rarely in classical ALS but indeed were the most frequent pathogenic mutations in JALS, especially in sporadic JALS. After studied the reports in the last 10 years about JALS cases, the case characteristics caused by FUS mutations and the commonality of the mutation sites were summarized in this review. FUS mutation associated with more than half of JALS and the very majority of sporadic JALS. It's worth noting that almost all of the mutations occur in nuclear localization signal (NLS) of FUS in sporadic JALS. This discovery emphasized a new perspective focus on NLS for the diagnosis and etiology of sporadic JALS as well as for further study about new treatment.

3.
Nat Mater ; 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33046856

RESUMO

Topological solitons such as magnetic skyrmions have drawn attention as stable quasi-particle-like objects. The recent discovery of polar vortices and skyrmions in ferroelectric oxide superlattices has opened up new vistas to explore topology, emergent phenomena and approaches for manipulating such features with electric fields. Using macroscopic dielectric measurements, coupled with direct scanning convergent beam electron diffraction imaging on the atomic scale, theoretical phase-field simulations and second-principles calculations, we demonstrate that polar skyrmions in (PbTiO3)n/(SrTiO3)n superlattices are distinguished by a sheath of negative permittivity at the periphery of each skyrmion. This enhances the effective dielectric permittivity compared with the individual SrTiO3 and PbTiO3 layers. Moreover, the response of these topologically protected structures to electric field and temperature shows a reversible phase transition from the skyrmion state to a trivial uniform ferroelectric state, accompanied by large tunability of the dielectric permittivity. Pulsed switching measurements show a time-dependent evolution and recovery of the skyrmion state (and macroscopic dielectric response). The interrelationship between topological and dielectric properties presents an opportunity to simultaneously manipulate both by a single, and easily controlled, stimulus, the applied electric field.

4.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 36(4): 437-444, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047522

RESUMO

Abstract: With the growing attention on ecological environment problems and gradual realization of ecological environment value, environmental damage has jumped from administrative penalty to a new stage, judicial penalty, and environmental damage appraisal has provided a legal weapon to safeguard ecological security. As a new forensic category of China with high comprehensiveness and technical difficulty, environmental damage appraisal involves diversified and complex subjects, fields and appraisal objects, and is still in an early stage in terms of theory and practice. This study aims to provide an important reference for the improvement of the Chinese environmental damage appraisal system of environmental damage by summarizing advanced international experience in areas such as laws and regulations, working mechanism and technical system, and putting forward targeted countermeasures and suggestions based on the problems existing in the development and practice of environmental damage appraisal in China.

5.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 36(4): 531-537, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047539

RESUMO

Abstract: Objective To investigate the population genetic data of 47 autosomal insertion/deletion (InDel) polymorphism genetic markers involved in AGCU InDel 50 kit in Guangdong Han, Guangxi Zhuang, Guangxi Yao, Guangxi Jing, and Guangxi Mulam, and to evaluate their application in forensic DNA identification. Methods Multiplex amplification of the 768 unrelated individuals from the 5 ethnic groups mentioned above was performed with the AGCU InDel 50 kit. Genotyping was carried out by 3500xL gene analyzer, population genetic parameters were gathered and polymorphism analysis was performed. Results No linkage disequilibrium was found among 47 autosomal InDel loci in the 5 ethnic groups. The distribution of genotype frequency of 47 autosomal InDel loci confirmed to the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in Guangdong Han and Guangxi Zhuang. Except for rs139934789, the other 46 loci confirmed to the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in Guangxi Yao, Guangxi Jing, and Guangxi Mulam. The results of genetic variation analysis among the populations showed that 1.12% of genetic variation was caused by ethnic group differences. The cumulative discrimination power of 47 autosomal InDel loci for the 5 ethnic groups were all above 0.999 999 999 999 999. The cumulative probability of exclusion for each ethnic group was less than 0.999 9. The two Y-InDels were identified in all male individuals and were absent in all female individuals. Conclusion Except for rs139934789, the other 46 InDel loci have a relatively good genetic polymorphism in the 5 Chinese ethnic groups, and can be used for forensic individual identification and as effective supplements for paternity testing.

6.
Clin Radiol ; 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010933

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the performance of T2 mapping histograms at the extraocular muscles (EOMs) in predicting the response to glucocorticoid therapy in the patients with active and moderate-severe thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty active and moderate-severe TAO patients (responsive group, n=20; unresponsive group, n=10) were enrolled, and evaluated using T2 mapping before treatment. Histogram parameters (mean, median, max, min, 10th, 90th percentiles, skewness, and kurtosis) of T2 relaxation time (T2RT) at the EOMs for each orbit, and clinical variables (age, sex, disease duration, anti-thyroid treatment, smoking habit, pre-treatment thyroid function, thyrotrophin receptor antibody, diplopia presence, activity and severity scores) were collected and compared between groups. Logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses were used to assess the predictive value of identified independent variables for treatment response. RESULTS: The responsive group showed significantly shorter disease duration (p=0.003), while higher T2RTmin than unresponsive group (p<0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that T2RTmin and disease duration were independent predictors for responsive TAOs. ROC curve analyses indicated that setting a cut-off value of ≥54.3 for T2RTmin demonstrated the optimal predicting specificity for responsive TAOs (100%), while a combination of T2RTmin ≥54.3 and disease duration ≤4.5 showed optimal predicting efficiency and sensitivity (area under the curve, 0.820; sensitivity, 65%). CONCLUSIONS: Histogram analysis can help to exhibit the heterogeneity of T2RT at the EOMs. T2RTmin, together with disease duration may be the promising marker for predicting response to glucocorticoid therapy in the patients with active and moderate-severe TAO.

7.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(9): 1378-1380, 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33076587

RESUMO

Biosafety is an important guarantee of the new coronavirus laboratory test. The accident treatment of sample overflow and sprinkle is a necessary part of the emergency plan for testing activities. Beijing Preventive Medicine Association coordinated biosafety experts of COVID-19 laboratories from Beijing CDC, to write up "The standard for handling of accidents of corona virus disease 2019 sample (T/BPMA 0005-2020)" . The group standard was based on the guidelines of China and WHO, and combined with the practical experience of COVID-19 epidemic and the principle of "scientific, normative, applicable and feasible" . Through all kinds of risk Assessment, it included the spillover of samples caused by the packing of COVID-19 (highly pathogenic) samples, the overflow and sprinkle in the laboratory during the detection operation, and the spillage accident occurred during the transfer of samples in the same building. The standard could guide and standardize the handling methods of accidental overflow and sprinkle that may occur in the SARS-CoV-2 testing laboratories in the city.

8.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036530

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the personal dose level of nuclear medical workers in a hospital, and to provide basis for health management of nuclear medicine occupational population. Methods: From January 2014 to December 2018, 147 radiation workers in a hospital were selected as the monitoring objects, and the individual dose monitoring data were analyzed. The correlation between individual dose and clinical workload was analyzed. Results: The average annual personal dose of 147 staff members was below the national dose limit. Compared with the radiation department, the average annual personal dose of nuclear medical staff was higher, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05) . There was a positive correlation between the annual average personal dose and the corresponding injection workload (Rs=0.69, P<0.05) . Conclusion: The occupational exposure risk of nuclear medical technicians and nurses is high, and reasonable protective measures should be taken to reduce the radiation exposure dose. Conclusion The occupational exposure risk of nuclear medical technicians and nurses is high, and reasonable protective measures should be taken to reduce the radiation exposure dose.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32882776

RESUMO

Objective: This study compared the catechin composition of different tea byproducts and investigated the effects of dietary supplementation with green tea byproducts on the accumulation of abdominal fat, the modulation of lipid metabolism, and the inflammatory response in red feather native chickens. Methods: Bioactive compounds were detected and in vitro anti-obesity capacity analyzed via 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. In animal experiments, 320 one-day-old red feather native chickens were divided into 4 treatment groups: control, basal diet supplemented with 0.5% Jinxuan byproduct (JBP), basal diet supplemented with 1% JBP, or basal diet supplemented with 5×106 CFU/kg Bacillus amyloliquefaciens + 5 × 106 CFU/kg Saccharomyces cerevisiae (BA+SC). Growth performance, serum characteristics, carcass characteristics, and the mRNA expression of selected genes were measured. Results: This study compared several cultivars of tea, but Jinxuan showed the highest levels of the anti-obesity compound epigallocatechin gallate. 3T3-L1 preadipocytes treated with Jinxuan extract significantly reduced lipid accumulation. There were no significant differences in growth performance, serum characteristics, or carcass characteristics among the groups. However, in the 0.5% JBP group, mRNA expression of fatty acid synthase (FAS) and acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) were significantly decreased. In the 1% JBP group, FAS, ACC and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPAR γ) levels were significantly decreased. Moreover, inflammation-related mRNA expression levels were decreased by the addition of JBP. Conclusion: JBP contained abundant catechins and related bioactive compounds, which reduced lipid accumulation in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes, however there was no significant reduction in abdominal fat. This may be due to a lack of active anti-obesity compounds or because the major changes in fat metabolism were not in the abdomen. Nonetheless, lipogenesis-related and inflammation-related mRNA expression were reduced in the 1% JBP group. In addition, dietary supplementation with tea byproducts could reduce the massive amount of byproducts created during tea production and modulate lipid metabolism and the inflammatory response in chickens.

10.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(35): 2768-2773, 2020 Sep 22.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32972058

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the clinical impact of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) on left ventricular myocardial remodeling and main adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACE) in ischemic cardiomyopathy patients with different left ventricular ejection fraction and SYNTAX score≤22. Methods: A total of 191 ischemic cardiomyopathy patients who underwent PCI in Department of Cardiology from May 2017 to October 2018 were enrolled in this study, and they were divided into three groups according to preoperative left ventricular ejection fraction (≥50% group, 36%~49% group and ≤35% group). The main outcomes and left ventricular ejection fraction, left ventricular end-diastolic volume were analyzed at 12 months follow-up. The main outcomes were the recurrence of acute left ventricular failure, recurrent angina, restenosis, revascularization, non-fatal myocardial infarction, cardiovascular death and non-cardiovascular death. Results: The incidence of MACE was 32.6% (15 cases) in ≥50% group, 32.0% (31 cases) in 36%-49% group, 45.8% (22 cases) in ≤35% group, respectively, which was lower in the first two groups than in ≤35% group, but there was no statistically significant difference among the 3 groups (P=0.231). The incidence of acute left ventricular failure in the three groups was 2.2%, 12.4% and 22.9%, respectively, and there was statistically significant difference among the 3 groups (P= 0.01). Multivariate analysis indicated that preoperative left ventricular ejection fraction ≤35% was an independent predictor of acute left ventricular failure (OR=2.696, 95%CI: 1.099-6.612, P=0.030). Compared with baseline data, left ventricular end-diastolic volume ((62±4) mm vs (56±5) mm, P<0.001), left atrium ((42±6) mm vs (40±6) mm, P<0.001) decreased significantly 1 year after PCI. However, left ventricular ejection fraction ((43±10)% vs (51±13)%, P<0.001) increased significantly. At 1 year, left ventricular remodeling related parameters were detected in 3 groups, and there was statistically significant difference in left ventricular end-diastolic volume ((53.1±0.6) mm vs (55.1±0.5) mm vs (59.1±0.7) mm, P<0.001), left ventricular ejection fraction ((62.1±1.1)% vs (51.4±1.0)% vs (37.0±1.5)%, P<0.001) among the 3 groups. Conclusions: Coronary vascular reopening with PCI in patients with ischaemic cardiomyopathy and SYNTAX score≤22, can improve prognosis of patients with preoperative left ventricular ejection fraction>35% significantly, but not in those with preoperative left ventricular ejection fraction≤35%. Preoperative left ventricular ejection fraction may be an independent predictor of acute left ventricular failure in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy and SYNTAX score≤22, postoperative left ventricular remodeling and left ventricular systolic function correlate with preoperative left ventricular ejection fraction.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Humanos , Volume Sistólico , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda
13.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(33): 2618-2621, 2020 Sep 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32892609

RESUMO

Objective: To introduce and evaluate a technique to precisely localize the transverse-sigmoid sinus junction (TSSJ) in retrosigmoid craniotomy. Methods: This was a single-center prospective randomized controlled study. Sixty-three patients, 29 male and 34 female, who would undergo retrosigmoid craniotomy admitted to Department of Neurosurgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical Universityfrom March to October 2019 were enrolled in the study and were divided into trial group and control group according to the computer-generated random numbers. Preoperative venous computed tomographic angiography (CTA) combined with 3-dimensional computed tomography computed tomography (3D CT) was randomly given to the patients(n=32). Asterion was used for identification of the TSSJ in the controls (n=31). The main outcome measures as postoperative complications and relevant intraoperative indicators were compared. Results: Incision length, craniotomy time, bone window sizein trial group were shorter or smaller than those of the controls, as(6.8±0.5) cm vs (8.0±1.5) cm, (37±8) min vs (45±15) min, (8.7±1.2) cm(2) vs (10.2±2.4) cm(2) respectively, with statistical significance (all P<0.05). No statistical significance was found in bleeding amount, incidence of sinus injury and cerebrospinal fluid leakage. While incidence of neck pain was lower in case group (15.63% vs 38.71%; P=0.04) and the remission time of incisional pain in case group was shorter [(6±1) d vs (9±2) d; P=0.01]. Conclusion: While the technique is used, the center of the keyhole should be located at transitional place of the lateral part of the occipitomastoid suture, the retromastoid ridge and the superior nuchal line. Compared with the traditional craniotomy method marked by asterion, it has great advantages in reducing incidence of postoperative complications, craniotomy time, and the remission time of incisional pain.


Assuntos
Cavidades Cranianas , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Craniotomia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos , Estudos Prospectivos
15.
Epidemiol Infect ; 148: e218, 2020 09 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32951624

RESUMO

'Recurrence' of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has triggered numerous discussions of scholars at home and abroad. A total of 44 recurrent cases of COVID-19 and 32 control cases admitted from 11 February to 29 March 2020 to Guanggu Campus of Tongji Hospital affiliated to Tongji Medical College Huazhong University of Science and Technology were enrolled in this study. All the 44 recurrent cases were classified as mild to moderate when the patients were admitted for the second time. The gender and mean age in both cases (recurrent and control) were similar. At least one concomitant disease was observed in 52.27% recurrent cases and 34.38% control cases. The most prevalent comorbidity among them was hypertension. Fever and cough being the most prevalent clinical symptoms in both cases. On comparing both the cases, recurrent cases had markedly elevated concentrations of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (P = 0.020) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (P = 0.007). Moreover, subgroup analysis showed mild to moderate abnormal concentrations of ALT and AST in recurrent cases. The elevated concentrations of ALT and AST may be recognised as predictive markers for the risk of 'recurrence' of COVID-19, which may provide insights into the prevention and control of COVID-19 in the future.


Assuntos
Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/enzimologia , Pneumonia Viral/enzimologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Tosse , Feminino , Febre , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
16.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(37): 2940-2946, 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32993255

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical efficacy of percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) combined with iodine-125 ((125)I) seed brachytherapy in the treatment of spinal metastatic epidural spinal cord compression (MESCC) and toassess the changes inthe grade of epidural spinal cord compression (ESCC) by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Methods: A total of 37 MESCC patients treated with PVP combined with (125)I seed brachytherapy in the interventional and vascular surgery department of Zhongda Hospital affiliated to Southeast University from January 2014 to June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, including 23 cases of bilateral lower limbs paralysis. Total diseased vertebrae are 39 segments. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and paralysis of lower extremities were evaluated regularly before and after treatment, and VAS values at different follow-up time points were compared. At the same time, MRI was used to evaluate the changes of ESCC grade in the spinal canal and calculate the local lesion efficiency after operation. The postoperative local lesion efficiency at different follow-up times was compared. Results: PVP combined with (125)I seed implantation in all diseased vertebral bodies was successful. The average injection volume of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) was (3.2±1.3) ml/segment, the average number of (125)I seed implanted was (25.0±8.6) seeds/segment and the average radiation dose was (15.0±5.1) mCi/segment. The VAS before operation was 8.5, and postoperative VAS were respectively 3.6±1.3, 3.8±1.5, 3.4±1.4, 5.5±1.0, 5.9±1.4 at 5 days, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year after operation. The differences between all follow-up time points and preoperative VAS values were statistically significant (all P<0.001). Compared with 5 days, 1 month and 3 months after operation, VAS increased significantly at 6 months and 1 year after operation, and the difference was statistically significant (all P<0.001); there was no significant difference between the VAS value at 6 months after operation and 1 year after operation (P=0.405). At a follow-up of 3 months, 22 of 23 patients with paralysis of bilateral lower limbs regained the functions of autonomous walking and voiding; the effective rates of MESCC local lesions evaluated by MRI at 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, and>1 year were 89.7%, 91.9%, 90.6%, and 94.7%, respectively, and there was no statistically significant differences among those follow-up time points (all P>0.05). Conclusions: PVP combined with (125)I seed brachytherapy in the treatment of MESCC has significant improvement in immediate pain relief and spinal cord function. After combined treatment, MRI showed that the tumors around the spinal cord regressed dramatically, which could considerably reduce the MESCC grade and remain stable for a long time.


Assuntos
Braquiterapia , Compressão da Medula Espinal , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral , Vertebroplastia , Humanos , Radioisótopos do Iodo , Medição da Dor , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(8): 1280-1285, 2020 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867436

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the associations between perceived built environment attributes and adults' leisure-time physical activity in four cities of China. Methods: Multistage cluster random sampling method was used to select adults aged 25 to 64 in Hangzhou, Suzhou, Chengdu, and Qingdao. Data were collected from June 2017 to July 2018. The perception of the urban built environment was assessed by the neighborhood environment walkability scale-abbreviated (NEWS-A), and the physical activity was assessed by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Generalized linear mixed models were used to explore the relationship between the perceived built environment and leisure-time physical activities. Results: A total of 3 789 participants were included in the analysis. After adjusting for potential confounders, better access to public services (OR=1.34, 95%CI: 1.02-1.75) and higher aesthetic quality (OR=1.37, 95%CI: 1.09-1.73) were positively associated with the possibility of engaging in leisure-time physical activity in the past week. Similarly, these two attributes were positively associated with leisure-time walking. Higher scores on the perception of street connectivity were positively associated with leisure-time walking [exp(ß)=1.09, 95%CI: 1.00-1.19]. Higher residential density [exp(ß)=1.000 4, 95%CI:1.000 0-1.000 8], better access to physical activity destinations[exp(ß)=1.09, 95%CI: 1.00-1.19], and better aesthetics [exp(ß)=1.11, 95%CI:1.00-1.22] were associated with higher leisure-time physical activity. Similarly, these three attributes were positively associated with the possibility of meeting the WHO recommendations. Conclusion: Changing some urban built environment attributes may increase leisure-time physical activity.


Assuntos
Ambiente Construído/estatística & dados numéricos , Exercício Físico , Atividades de Lazer , Adulto , China , Cidades , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
18.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 34(4): 1355-1368, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32907306

RESUMO

miR-382-3p can regulate apoptosis through multiple pathways, but the mechanism remains unknown. In this experiment, we explored whether miR-382-3p can modulate the N-methyL-D-aspartate (NMDA)- induced HT22 cell apoptosis by regulating the RhoC/ROCK1 signaling pathway. An excitatory neurotoxicity model of HT22 cells was induced in vitro with 2 mmol/L NMDA. The cells were divided into normal control, NMDA-induced, NMDA + miR-382-3p mimic, and NMDA + miR-382-3p inhibitor groups. The 3-(4,5)-dimethylthiahiazo (-z-y1)-3,5-di-phenytetrazoliumromide (MTT) method, Real-time PCR, Western blot, and flow cytometry were performed to investigate the mechanisms. The results found that NMDA can increase the oxidative stress of HT22 cells in a dose-dependent manner, downregulate the expression of miR-382-3p, upregulate the expression of mRNA and protein abundance of ROCK1 and RhoC, increase the expression levels of proapoptotic proteins Bax, Caspase-3, and Caspase-9, increase the apoptosis of HT22 cells, and reduce the activity and survival rate of HT22 cells. Compared with the NMDA-induced group, the miR-382-3p mimic-transfected HT22 cells increased the expression of miR- 382-3p, reduced the expression of the mRNA and protein abundance of ROCK1 and RhoC, inhibited the expression of proapoptotic proteins Bax, Caspase-3, and Caspase-9, reduced the apoptosis of HT22 cells, and increased the activity and survival rate of HT22 cells. The results suggest that increasing the expression of miR-382-3p can inhibit the activity of the RhoC/ROCK1 signaling pathway, reduce the expression of proapoptotic proteins, reduce the oxidative stress and apoptosis of HT22 cells, and increase the activity and survival rate of HT22 cells.

19.
Clin Exp Immunol ; 2020 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32894580

RESUMO

Mycoplasma pneumoniae is an obligate pathogen that causes pneumonia, tracheobronchitis, pharyngitis and asthma in humans. It is well recognized that membrane lipoproteins are immunostimulants exerting as lipopolysaccharides (LPS) and play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory responses upon M. pneumoniae infection. Here, we report that the M. pneumoniae-derived lipids are another proinflammatory agents. Using an antibody-neutralizing assay, RNA interference or specific inhibitors, we found that Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR-4) is essential for M. pneumoniae lipid-induced tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-1ß production. We also demonstrate that NLR family pyrin domain containing 3 inflammasome (NLRP3) inflammasome, autophagy and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB)-dependent pathways are critical for the secretion of proinflammatory cytokines, while inhibition of TLR-4 significantly abrogates these events. Further characterization revealed that autophagy-mediated inflammatory responses involved the activation of NF-κB. In addition, the activation of NF-κB promoted lipid-induced autophagosome formation, as revealed by assays using pharmacological inhibitors, 3-methyladenine (3-MA) and Bay 11-7082, or silencing of atg5 and beclin-1. These findings suggest that, unlike the response to lipoprotein stimulation, the inflammation in response to M. pneumoniae lipids is mediated by the TLR-4 pathway, which subsequently initiates the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome and formation of a positive feedback loop between autophagy and NF-κB signalling cascade, ultimately promoting TNF-α and Il-1ß production in macrophages.

20.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 58(10): 833-837, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32987464

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics of intellectual developmental disorder with cardiac arrhythmia syndrome (IDDCA) in a family caused by GNB5 gene variation and to review the literature. Methods: The clinical and genetic data of an infant with IDDCA, who visited Shenzhen Children's Hospital in September 2018, were collected and analyzed. His parents' and brother's gene analysis was also done by the next-generation sequencing and confirmed by Sanger sequencing. Related literature up to March 2020 was searched in Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), PubMed, CNKI and Wanfang databases with "GNB5" "IDDCA" "LADCI" "intellectual developmental disorder with cardial arrhythmia" "language delay and attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder or cognitive impairment with or without cardiac arrhythmia" as the key words. The related papers were retrieved and analyzed to summarize the clinical and genetic characteristics of this disorder. Results: The proband was an 11-month-old boy who presented with mental and motor developmental retardation, accompanied with convulsion and muscle weakness. Sinus arrest was also detected. His electroencephalogram (EEG) and flash visual evoked potential (FVEP) were both abnormal. Genetic analysis identified the homozygous frameshift variation of GNB5 gene (c.136delG, p.Glu46Argfs*8) in this infant and heterozygous variation in his parents, confirmed the diagnosis of IDDCA. The same GNB5 variation was identified in his brother, who was 4 years and 8 months old and had developed the similar clinical manifestations after birth. There were only 7 papers reporting this disease in the literature review, with a total of 27 patients from 14 families. Including these 2 cases, there were 29 patients in total, whose age of diagnosis ranged from 5.5 months to 23 years. Among all the patients, 20 cases (69%) were diagnosed as IDDCA, while 8 cases (28%) as LADCI; and 11 (38%) were males while 18 (62%) females. Regarding the clinical features, 66% (19/29) had mental retardation, 41% (12/29) had seizures, 79% (23/29) developed language delay and 62%(18/29) had sinus node dysfunction. Genetic tests showed that 4 patients from 3 families had complex heterozygous variation, and 25 patients (86%) from 12 families had homozygous variation. Seventeen patients from 8 families were consanguineous. Among the total 12 variations, there were 4 nonsense, 3 frameshift, 2 missense and 2 shear mutations, and 1 shear disorder caused by synonymous mutation. Conclusions: IDDCA caused by GNB5 gene variations mainly manifests as general developmental delay or severe mental retardation, and sinus node dysfunction. GNB5 associated syndromes have phenotypic heterogeneity and are inherited in an autosomal recessive manner.

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