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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e250865, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS | ID: biblio-1285604

RESUMO

Abstract Cadmium (Cd) is one of the major toxicants, which affects human health through occupational and environmental exposure. In the current study, we evaluated the protective effects of morel mushrooms against Cd-induced reproductive damages in rats. For this purpose, 30 male rats were divided into 6 groups (n=5/group), the first group served as the control group, second group was treated with an intraperitoneal (i.p) injection of 1 mg/kg/day of Cd. Third and fourth groups were co-treated with 1 mg/kg/day of Cd (i.p) and 10 and 20 mg/kg/day of morel mushroom extract (orally) respectively. The final 2 groups received oral gavage of 10 and 20 mg/kg/day of morel mushroom extract alone. After treatment for 17 days, the animals were euthanized, and testes and epididymis were dissected out. One testis and epididymis of each animal were processed for histology, while the other testis and epididymis were used for daily sperm production (DSP) and comet assay. Our results showed that Cd and morel mushrooms have no effect on animal weight, but Cd significantly decreases the DSP count and damages the heritable DNA which is reversed in co-treatment groups. Similarly, the histopathological results of testes and epididymis show that morel mushrooms control the damage to these tissues. Whereas the morel mushroom extract alone could enhance the production of testosterone. These results conclude that morel mushrooms not only control the damage done by Cd, but it could also be used as a protection mechanism for heritable DNA damage.


Resumo O cádmio (Cd) é um dos principais tóxicos, que afeta a saúde humana por meio da exposição ocupacional e ambiental. No presente estudo, avaliamos os efeitos protetores dos cogumelos morel contra os danos reprodutivos induzidos pelo Cd em ratos. Para tanto, 30 ratos machos foram divididos em 6 grupos (n = 5 / grupo); o primeiro grupo serviu de controle, o segundo grupo foi tratado com injeção intraperitoneal (i.p) de 1 mg / kg / dia de Cd. O terceiro e o quarto grupos foram cotratados com 1 mg / kg / dia de Cd (i.p) e 10 e 20 mg / kg / dia de extrato de cogumelo morel (por via oral), respectivamente. Os dois grupos finais receberam gavagem oral de 10 e 20 mg / kg / dia de extrato de cogumelo morel sozinho. Após o tratamento por 17 dias, os animais foram sacrificados e os testículos e o epidídimo foram dissecados. Um testículo e epidídimo de cada animal foram processados ​​para histologia, enquanto o outro testículo e epidídimo foram usados ​​para produção diária de esperma (DSP) e ensaio cometa. Nossos resultados mostraram que os cogumelos Cd e morel não têm efeito sobre o peso do animal, mas o Cd diminui significativamente a contagem de DSP e danifica o DNA hereditário, que é revertido em grupos de cotratamento. Da mesma forma, os resultados histopatológicos dos testículos e do epidídimo mostram que os cogumelos morel controlam os danos a esses tecidos. Considerando que o extrato de cogumelo morel sozinho pode aumentar a produção de testosterona. Esses resultados concluem que os cogumelos morel não apenas controlam os danos causados pelo Cd, mas também podem ser usados ​​como um mecanismo de proteção para danos hereditários ao DNA.

2.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(9): 1077-1082, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619924

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate sensitization rate of cow's milk in children, and explore its clinical features. Methods: This study enrolled a total of 818 patients under 18 years old with suspected food allergy who were admitted to the Allergy department in Beijing Shijitan Hospital during June 2018 to November 2020. The ImmunoCAP fluorescent enzyme-linked immunoassay system was used to quantify cow milk-specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE). Mild sensitization to cow's milk was defined as Radio-Allergo-Sorbent-Test (RAST) class 1, moderate sensitization was defined as class 2-3 and severe sensitization was class 4-6. Statistical methods such as χ2 test, independent sample t-test, one-way analysis of variance, and Spearman correlation analysis were used to retrospectively clarify differences of cow's milk sensitization rate between ages of children and elaborate its clinical features. Results: Overall sensitization rate of cow's milk reached 25.7% (210/818). Positive rate of cow milk sensitization (39.2%), cow milk sIgE levels [0.93 (0.52, 2.62)] kU/L, and moderate to severe sensitization rate (23.5%) were highest in infants aged between 0-3 years old. The sensitization rate and severity of sensitization declined with age. Most common clinical manifestation of cow milk sensitization was skin symptoms (50.0%), followed by respiratory symptoms (38.9%) and gastrointestinal symptoms (36.1%). Skin symptoms were the most common manifestation in 0-3 year-old group (47.3%), and respiratory symptoms were more common in 4-6 and 7-18 year-old groups (58.7%, 56.0%). Multiple-sensitization rate of patients with moderate to severe cow milk sensitization was 74.1%, most of which (70.4%) were co-sensitized by other food allergens, and 31.5% were co-sensitized by inhaled allergens. Conclusions: In population with age under 18 years old, infants aged between 0-3 years old suffered highest cow milk sensitization rate and increased sensitization severity. Then the severity decreased with age increasing. Patients with cow milk sensitization manifested skin symptoms most.


Assuntos
Hipersensibilidade a Leite , Leite , Adolescente , Alérgenos , Animais , Bovinos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(9): 1059-1066, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619922

RESUMO

Objective: To study the characteristics and risk factors of psychological and behavioral problems of children and adolescents of different ages and genders in long-term home-schooling during the coronavirus disease-2019 pandemic. Further, to provide scientific basis for more targeted psychological intervention and coping strategies in the future. Methods: A cross-sectional survey using an online questionnaire was conducted on students aged 6-16 years old in five representative cities of North (Beijing), East (Shanghai), West (Chongqing), South (Guangzhou) and Middle (Wuhan) in China. In this study, the social behavior and psychological abnormalities which was defined as the positive of any dimension were investigated in multiple dimensions during long-term home-schooling. The influencing factors of psycho-behavioral problems were analyzed by Logistic regression, and the confounding factors were corrected with graded multivariable adjustment. Results: A total of 6 906 valid questionnaires were collected including 3 592 boys and 3 314 girls, of whom 3 626 were children (6-11 years old) and 3 280 were adolescents (12-16 years old). The positive detection rate of psychosocial-behavioral problems were 13.0% (900/6 906) totally, 9.6% (344/3 592) in boys and 16.8% (556/3 314) in girls respectively, and 7.3%(142/1 946) in boys aged 6-11, 14.0%(235/1 680) in girls aged 6-11, 12.3%(202/1 646) in boys aged 12-16, 19.6%(321/1 634) in girls aged 12-16 respectively. There were significant differences between the psychological problems group and the non-psychological problems group in gender, parent-offspring conflict, number of close friends, family income change, sedentary time, homework time, screen exposure time, physical activity, dietary problems (χ²=78.851, 285.264, 52.839, 26.284, 22.778, 11.024, 10.688, 36.814, 70.982, all P<0.01). The most common symptoms in boys aged 6-11 years were compulsive activity, schizoid and depression, in girls aged 6-11 years were schizoid/compulsive activity, hyperactivity and social withdrawal, in boys aged 12-16 years were hyperactivity, compulsive activity and aggressive behavior, and in girls aged 12-16 years were schizoid, anxiety/compulsive activity and depression/withdrawal, respectively. After graded multivariable adjustment, besides the common risk factors, homework time and online study time were the risk factors of 6-11 years old groups [boys OR(95%CI): 1.750 (1.32-2.32), 1.214(1.00-1.47), girls: 1.579(1.25-1.99), 1.222(1.05-1.42), all P<0.05], videogames time were the risk factors of 12-16 years old groups [ boys: 2.237 (1.60-3.13), girls: 1.272 (1.00-1.61), all P<0.05]. Conclusions: Some children and adolescents may have psychological and behavioral problems during long-term home-schooling. The psychological and behavioral manifestations differed in age and gender subgroups, which deserve special attention in each subgroups. Schools, families and specialists should actively provide precise psychological support and comprehensive intervention strategies according to special features and risk factors.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Adaptação Psicológica , Adolescente , Criança , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , SARS-CoV-2
4.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 51(4): 201-207, 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645116

RESUMO

The Christian missionaries preached through medicine by combining religious preaching with secularisation and social adaptiveness of medicine in the 19th century. They attempted to avoid the negative influence of culture differences between the West and China. Desjacques Marin, one of the missionaries in China, was entrusted by Benoit Edan, a French consul in Shanghai to establish a hospital in 1864, named the "General Hospital". This hospital was moved to the north bank of Suzhou Creek in 1877 and renamed as the Gongji Hospital. The hospital was designated by the Japanese Army in 1940 as a hospital for sick foreign prisoners in the war. It was taken over as an enemy property by the government of the Republic of China in 1945 and became a public hospital opened formally to Chinese patients. It was renamed as "Shanghai First People's Hospital" in 1953. Review of the historical changes of the missionary hospital is of significance for the study on Chinese medical history and medical communication between China and the West.

5.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(3): 240-247, 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645168

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the safety and short-term efficacy of apatinib combined with oxaliplatin and S-1 in the conversion treatment for gastric cancer with different types of peritoneal metastasis. Methods: A prospective study "one arm exploratory clinical study of conversion therapy of apatinib with S-1 and oxaliplatin in the treatment of advanced gastric cancer" (clinical registration ChiCTR-ONC-17010430) from medical record database was retrospectively analyzed. Patients aged 18-70 years with gastric cancer peritoneal metastasis confirmed by histology and laparoscopic exploration, and had not receive radiotherapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy or immunotherapy before were enrolled. Before operation, the patients received 6 cycles of S-1 (80-120 mg/d, d1-d14) and oxaliplatin (130 mg/m(2), d1), and 5 cycles of apatinib (500 mg/d, d1-d21) conversion regimen. Three weeks after chemotherapy, whether the operation was performed or not depending on re-evaluation and patient preference. The main outcome were adverse reactions, and the secondary outcome were objective remission rate (ORR), disease control rate (DCR), and overall survival (OS) rate. The follow-up period was up to May 2020. Results: A total of 27 patients with gastric cancer peritoneal metastasis were enrolled in this study. There were 13 males and 14 females, with a median age of 58 (30-68) years old. There were 9 cases of P1a, 5 cases of P1b, and 13 cases of P1c. There were 14 cases with 1-5 scores of PCI (peritoneal cancer index), and 13 cases with 6 scores or above. The incidence of adverse reactions was 100%. The most common adverse reactions were hematological events including leucopenia (70.4%, 19/27) and granulocytopenia (74.1%, 20/27). Non-hematological adverse events included fatigue (51.9%, 14/27) and oral mucositis (37.0%, 10/27). One patient was withdrawn due to grade 4 thrombocytopenia. Among 26 patients with feasible efficacy evaluation, 18 (69.2%) achieved partial remission, 3 (11.5%) achieved stable disease, and 5 (19.2%) disease progression. The objective remission rate was 69.2% (18/26) and the disease control rate was 80.8% (21/26). Fourteen patients underwent surgery, including 6 patients undergoing R0 resection with the R0 resection rate of 42.9% (6/14). The postoperative pathological response rate was 64.3% (9/14). The follow-up time was 12-40 months, and the follow-up rate was 100%. The 1-year OS rate was 65.2% and the survival time was (14.0±1.7) months. The 1-year OS rates of P1a/P1b group and P1c group were 81.8% and 42.0% respectively, whose difference was statistically significant (P=0.041). The 1-year OS rates of PCI 1-5 group and PCI ≥6 group were 67.3% and 38.5% respectively, whose difference was statistically significant (P=0.022). Conclusion: In the conversion treatment of gastric cancer peritoneal metastasis, the safety of apatinib combined with oxaliplatin and S-1 is acceptable, and this regimen shows a good short-term survival efficacy in patients with P1a/P1b and PCI of 1-5.

6.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(2): 219-225, 2021 Feb 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645183

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the performance and application of a fast nucleic acid detection system for testing severe acute respiratory syndrome virus 2 (SARS-COV-2). Methods: Clinical samples were collected from February to July 2020 from Beijing Center for Diseases Prevention and Control and the Laboratory Department of China-Japan Friendship Hospital, to evaluate the sensitivity, specificity, anti-interference ability, precision and clinical sample coincidence rate of fast nucleic acid detection system for SARS-CoV-2. The analytical sensitivity was determined by a dilution series of 20 replications for each concentration. Analytical specificity study was performed by testing organisms whose infection produces symptoms similar to those observed at the onset of corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19), and of the normal or pathogenic microflora that may be present in specimens collected. Potential interference substances were evaluated with different concentration in the interference study. Precision study was conducted by estimating intra-and inter-batch variability. Clinical evaluation was performed by testing 230 oropharyngeal swab specimens and 95 sputum specimens in fast nucleic acid detection system, comparing with conventional real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) and clinical diagnostic results. Results: The analytical sensitivity of SARS-CoV-2 using fast nucleic acid detection system was 400 copies/ml. The result is negative for testing with the organisms that may likely in the circulating area or causing similar symptoms with SARS-CoV-2 and human nucleic acid, indicating that no cross reactivity with organisms. The results of precision test showed that the Coefficient of variation of Ct value of high, medium and low concentration samples was 1.90%-3.92%, and all of them were less than 5% in intra-and inter-batch testing. The results of the samples were still positive after adding the potential interfering substances, indicating that the possible interfering substances in the samples had no effect on the results. 98.46% and 97.85% diagnosis results of fast nucleic acid detection system were consistent with RT-qPCR and clinical diagnostic results, respectively. Conclusion: The fast nucleic acid detection system based on molecular parallel reaction can be used as a selection method for SARS-CoV-2 testing.

7.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(9): 730-736, 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645212

RESUMO

Objectives: To analyze the clinical characteristics, treatment effectiveness and long-term prognosis of childhood-onset lupus nephritis (LN), and to explore the risk factors for progression to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Methods: In this retrospective study, the clinical data including general conditions, clinical manifestations, laboratory examinations, treatment, following up (till December 31st, 2020) and prognosis of 343 children with LN who were treated and followed up in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from January 1, 2003 to December 31, 2019 were analyzed. Complete remission rates were compared between different pathological types according to renal biopsies and flare rates were compared between complete remission group and partial remission group according to the treatment effectiveness after 6 months of induction treatment. To investigate the risk factors of ESRD, the prognosis of flare and non-flare cases, and of cases with normal and elevated serum creatinine levels at baseline, was compared. Chi-squared tests were used for comparison between groups, and cumulative survival rate and renal survival rates were calculated by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. Risk factors for ESRD were analyzed by COX regression model. Results: Among the 343 children, 68 were males (19.8%) and 275 were females (80.2%) with a median age of 13.0 (11.0, 16.0) years. Regarding the renal symptoms, 305 (88.9%) children had proteinuria and 245 (71.4%) had hematuria; while for extra-renal manifestations, 273 (79.6%) had anemia, 183 (53.4%) had rashes and 165 (48.1%) had fever. A total of 212 (61.8%) children had severely active SLE at initial presentation. After 6 months of induction treatment, the complete remission rate was 63.8% (219/343) and the partial remission rate was 27.1% (93/343). The complete remission rate was significantly higher in type Ⅰ and type Ⅱ LN compared to type Ⅳ LN (10/12 vs. 82/135 (60.7%), χ²=3.936, P=0.047). One hundred and ten children who achieved remission, including complete remission and partial remission, experienced renal flare with a flare rate of 35.3% and a mean time to flare was (43.2±28.4) months. There was no significant difference in flare rates between complete and partial remission group (36.1% (79/219) vs. 33.3% (31/93), χ²=3.394, P=0.065). The follow-up time of all the children was 60.4 (32.3, 100.9) months. During the follow-up period, 15 children died and the cumulative survival rates at 3, 5 and 10 years were 97.2%, 96.4% and 93.3%, respectively; 14 children progressed to ESRD and the cumulative renal survival rates at 3, 5, and 10 years were 99.2%, 97.1%, and 93.4%, respectively. COX multivariate analysis demonstrated that elevated serum creatinine at baseline, nephritic flare and nephrotic flare were independent risk factors for progression of ESRD (hazard ratio (HR)=3.575, 21.550 and 8.590, 95%CI 1.127-11.341, 2.394-194.027 and 1.042-70.823, P=0.031, 0.006, and 0.046, respectively). Conclusions: Children with LN are characterized by high SLE disease activity and multi-system involvement at onset. After 6 months of induction treatment, most of LN children could achieve clinical remission but some would experience renal flare. Nephritic flare, nephrotic flare and elevated serum creatinine at onset are independent risk factors for the progression of ESRD in children with LN.

8.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(18): 5610-5618, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34604953

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the biological roles of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) ZNF281 and KLF15 in regulating cervical carcinoma progression. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Differential expressions of ZNF281 in 58 collected cervical carcinoma and normal tissues were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The relationship between ZNF281 and clinicopathologic characteristics in cervical carcinoma patients was analyzed. By generating ZNF281 knockdown model in HeLa and SiHa cells through the transfection of shZNF281, migratory ability changes were examined via transwell and wound healing assay. The role of ZNF281 in in vivo tumorgenicity of cervical carcinoma was examined by implanting xenografted cancers in nude mice. The downstream target of ZNF281 and their interaction were assessed by bioinformatics tool and Dual-Luciferase reporter assay, respectively. Finally, co-regulations of ZNF281 and KLF15 on cervical carcinoma progression were elucidated. RESULTS: ZNF281 was upregulated in cervical carcinoma tissues and cell lines. It was correlated to TNM staging, and incidences of lymphatic metastasis and distant metastasis in cervical carcinoma patients, while it was unrelated to age and tumor size. The knockdown of ZNF281 effectively attenuated migratory ability in HeLa and SiHa cells. Besides, knockdown of ZNF281 also reduced tumorigenicity of cervical carcinoma in nude mice. KLF15 was the downstream gene binding ZNF281, and they were negatively correlated to each other in cervical carcinoma tissues. Notably, KLF15 was responsible for ZNF281-induced regulation on cervical carcinoma migration. CONCLUSIONS: LncRNA ZNF281 is upregulated in cervical carcinoma samples, and it is correlated to lymphatic metastasis, distant metastasis, and poor prognosis in cervical carcinoma patients. By targeting KLF15, ZNF281 triggers migratory potential in cervical carcinoma. We believed that ZNF281 is a promising biomarker for cervical carcinoma.

9.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(37): 2993-2998, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34638190

RESUMO

Objective: To determinate the block range of lumbar erector spinal plane (ESPB), and investigate the efficacy of ESPB in lumbar spine surgery. Methods: Forty patients who underwent posterior lumbar fusion in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from November 2019 to August 2020 were randomly divided into two groups (with n=20 in each group) using the random number table: the experimental group (group E) and control group (group C). All the patients received ultrasound-guided bilateral ESPB with 20 ml of 0.375% ropivacaine (group E) or equal volume of normal saline (group C) on each side before induction of general anesthesia. The range of weakened temperature sense in each patient was measured at 10 min, 20 min and 30 min after ESPB, respectively. Dosage of analgesic drug, visual analog scale (VAS), and incidence of adverse events were recorded and compared between the two groups. Results: In group E, the dermatomal distribution and area of weakened temperature sense at 10 min, 20 min, 30 min after ESPB were T9-S1 (222±16) cm2, T8-S2 (352±22) cm2, T8-S3 (481±24) cm2, respectively. The intraoperative dosage of remifentanil in group E was (0.76±0.02) mg, which was significantly lower than that of group C (0.97±0.06) mg (P<0.05). Oxycodone consumption in group E at 0-12 h and 12-24 h after surgery was (4.9±0.4) mg and (8.4±1.2) mg, respectively, which were lower than those in group C [(14.5±2.4) mg and (19.3±2.4) mg, respectively] (both P<0.05). The VAS during rest and movement within 24 h after operation in group E were significantly lower than those in group C (both P<0.05). The passive exercise in bed in group E started at (3.3±0.3) h postoperatively, which was earlier than that in group C (4.6±0.3) h (P<0.05). Conclusion: The blocking effects of T12-S1 segment after ultrasound-guided lumbar ESPB is definite, which can effectively decrease the amounts of analgesics during and after the lumbar fusion surgery, reduce postoperative rest and exercise VAS score, and contribute to a rapid recovery of the patients.


Assuntos
Bloqueio Nervoso , Humanos , Região Lombossacral , Dor Pós-Operatória , Ultrassonografia , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção
10.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(9): 830-836, 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34638200

RESUMO

Objective: To mine the signals of adverse drug reaction (ADR) of entecavir and tenofovir by using the US FDA Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) database, so as to provide reference for the safe clinical use of these two drugs. Methods: Reporting odds ratio (ROR) and proportion of report ratio (PRR) method were used to conduct data mining on the 26 quarterly reports of the US Food and Drug Administration Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) database between the fourth quarter of 2012 to the first quarter of 2019. The ADR descriptive terminology in the report were standardized by using the World Health Organization Adverse Reaction Terminology (System-Organ Class). ROR and PRR methods common signals were screened. Results: 104 and 187 signals of ADR of entecavir and tenofovir dipivoxil were obtained by ROR and PRR methods. The main screened system-organ classes affected by signals of ADR of entecavir were systemic damage, hepatobiliary system damage, and urinary system damage. The main screened system-organ classes affected by signals of ADR of tenofovir were urinary system damage, skeletal and musculoskeletal system damage, and metabolic and nutritional disorders. Conclusion: The mining signals of adverse drug reaction of entecavir and tenofovir dipivoxil indicate that these two drugs can cause female reproductive system damage, fetal abnormalities, neonatal and infant abnormalities, and male reproductive system damage. However, in addition to the above-mentioned ADR, the ADR instruction manual excludes entecavir and tenofovir dipivoxil primarily for respiratory and visual system damage, and the tenofovir disoproxil primarily for skin and appendage damage, and hearing and vestibular function damage. Therefore, in clinical medication management, it is suggested to pay close attention to the choice of drugs for special population infected with HBV, monitor possible ADR during medication course, and provide pharmacological monitoring to achieve personalized medication.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Notificação de Reações Adversas a Medicamentos , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/epidemiologia , Feminino , Guanina/análogos & derivados , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Tenofovir/efeitos adversos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , United States Food and Drug Administration
11.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(5): 977-982, 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34650305

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the morphology accuracy of direct occlusal veneer using two types of modified stamp-technique, comparing the Results of two types of stamp and different composite resin. METHODS: Model scanner was used to get the original data from the standard resin teeth in plastic model. Two types of stamps were made: solid silicon stamp and transparent silicon stamp. In the study, 54 resin tooth were randomly divided into 9 groups: Groups 1-8 were restored by direct composite resin, using general and bulk-filled composite resin in occlusal veneer (1 mm or 2 mm) with two types of stamp-technique (the solid silicon, and the transparent silicon), and the control group was restored by indirect way using CAD/CAM composite resin restoration by biocopy technique to mimic the original shape of the teeth. After the resin teeth were prepared for occlusal veneer, the direct and indirect composite resins were restored. After the restoration was finished, the data were obtained again by the same model scanner in the plastic model. 3D comparisons were made using the original and restoration data, the average difference and the root mean square of difference (RMS) were recoded from the software. The RMS of all the groups were analyzed using one way ANOVA (α=0.05). RESULTS: The RMS of occlusal surface in solid silicon stamp group was (0.136±0.031) mm, in transparent silicon group was (0.130±0.024) mm, and in control group was (0.130±0.009) mm. There were no significant difference. While the RMS of buccal/lingual surface in solid silicon stamp group was the smallest [(0.135±0.020) mm, P < 0.05], and in transparent silicon group it was (0.147±0.021) mm, and control group (0.153±0.014) mm. The general composite resin using the two types of stamp had the largest occlusal RMS in 2 mm occlusal veneer, which were significantly larger than control group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The direct occlusal veneer using two types of modified "stamp-technique" had relatively good morphology accuracy. Direct occlusal veneer using bulk-filled composite resin made with two types of stamp technique had even more accurate morphology than using general composite resin. The solid silicon stamp had a better morphology accuracy in buccal/lingual surface than the transparent silicon stamp.


Assuntos
Fraturas dos Dentes , Dente , Resinas Compostas , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Humanos , Teste de Materiais
13.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488264

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the mental health status and influencing factors of geriatric nurses after workplace violence. Methods: From February 2019 to January 2020, 102 geriatric nurses who suffered workplace violence in three hospitals in Shaoxing were collected as the observation group and 100 geriatric nurses who did not suffer workplace violence in the same period as the control group. The general data of nurses in the two groups were investigated, the workplace violence was investigated with the hospital workplace violence questionnaire, the mental disorders and mental diseases were investigated with the symptom checklist 90 (SCL-90) , the symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder were investigated with the symptom checklist of post-traumatic stress disorder (pcl-c) , and the psychological elasticity was investigated with the psychological elasticity scale, Social support was investigated with social support scale (SSRs) . Results: The total average score of symptom checklist 90 (SCL-90) of nurses with workplace violence was (1.49 ± 0.48) . Compared with the control group, the total average score of SCL-90, somatization, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, depression, anxiety and fear factors in the observation group were significantly increased (P<0.05) . The total score of post-traumatic stress disorder symptom list (pcl-c) in the observation group was (34.51±9.87) . Compared with the control group, the total average score of pcl-c, re experience, avoidance and vigilance factors in the observation group were significantly increased (P<0.05) . The total average score of SCL-90 of nurses with workplace violence was positively correlated with psychological elasticity and social support (P<0.05) . Multivariate linear analysis showed that psychological elasticity, tenacity and control, optimism, social support and subjective support were the main factors affecting nurses'mental health. Conclusion: Geriatric nurses suffering from workplace violence are prone to mental health problems and post-traumatic stress disorder, which should be improved by improving their psychological elasticity and social support.


Assuntos
Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Violência no Trabalho , Idoso , Ansiedade , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia
14.
Plant Dis ; 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34494870

RESUMO

Capsicum chlorosis virus (CaCV) is a negative sense ssRNA virus belonging to the genus Orthotospovirus in the family Tospoviridae. It was first discovered in Australia, and then reported in other places including Thailand, China, India, Greece, and United States (Zheng et al.2011; Melzer et al.2014; Chrysoula et al. 2018; Abudurexiti et al. 2019). CaCV infects plants of the families Amaranthaceae, Apocynaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Amaryllidaceae, Fabaceae and Solanaceae (Basavaraj et al. 2017; Basavaraj et al. 2020). Chromolaena odorata L. (commonly known as Feiji cao in China) is an invasive weedy herb that belongs to the genus Eupatorium (family Asteraceae), and is native to Central America. In May 2020, serrated chlorotic ring and chlorotic ringspots resembling symptoms of orthotospovirus infection (Supplementary Figure 1) was observed on the leaves of C. odorata plants in Honghe County, Yunnan. Three symptomatic leaf samples were collected and double antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (DAS-ELISA) was performed using antisera targeting Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV), Calla lily chlorotic spot virus (CCSV), Capsicum chlorosis virus (CaCV), and Tomato zonate spot virus (TZSV) (Proteintech Group, Inc., China). Buffer solution and healthy leaves were used as a blank and negative controls, respectively. All three symptomatic samples showed positive reactions with only CaCV antiserum (OD450 of 0.315-0.345 relative to 0.078 and 0.076 for healthy plants and the blank control, respectively. The total RNA extracted from the positive samples were further analyzed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) using generic primers gL3637 (CCTTTAACAGTDGAAACAT) and gL4435c (CATDGCRCAAGARTGRTARACAGA) which were designed to amplify partial L segment encoding the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRP) of orthotospoviruses (Chu, et al. 2001). The expected ~800 bp DNA fragment was amplified from all three positive samples by RT-PCR. The amplified DNA was cloned and sequenced. BLAST search of the partial L RNA sequence (GenBank acc. nos. MW964378 to MW964380) revealed that they shared 86.2-97.4% nucleotide (nt) and 97.2-100% amino acid (aa) sequence identities with different isolates of CaCV available in GenBank with CaCV chili isolates (KU941834 to KU941836) from India sharing the highest aa identity of 100%. This confirmed the presence of CaCV in the symptomatic C. odorata plants. The 825 bp complete nucleocapsid protein (NP) of CaCV was also amplified from the samples using primers CaCV-F: ATGTCTAMCGTYAGGCAAC and CaCV-R: TYACACYTCWATAGAWGTACTAG) (Basavaraj et al. 2020), cloned, and sequenced to obtain complete S fragment-nucleocapsid protein (NP) with a size of 825 bp (MW964381 to MW964383). The pairwise comparisons of three fragments showed 85.1-98.3% nt and 87.6-99.6% aa sequence identities with different isolates of CaCV. Maximum-Likelihood phylogenetic trees inferred from the partial RdRP and complete NP aa sequences showed that the C. odorata isolates (CaCV-YN) clustered closely with CaCV tomato isolate from Taiwan and tomato (Yuxi-2013) isolate from China, respectively (Supplementary Figure 1). To our knowledge, this is the first time CaCV has been detected in C. odorata. This study will serve as an important reference for the study of host range of CaCV. Further studies will be required to determine whether thrips could transmit CaCV between C. odorata and other hosts of the virus.

15.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 56(9): 598-608, 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34547860

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics and perinatal outcomes of pregnancy with placental cystic lesions. Methods: A retrospective study was carried out on 48 pregnant women diagnosed as pregnancy complicated with placental cystic lesions from January 2000 to January 2020 at the Women's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine. The clinical features, pathological diagnosis and perinatal outcome were analyzed. Results: The age of 48 cases was (30±5) years, and the diagnostic gestational week of ultrasound was (24±8) weeks. Twenty-five cases in which showed a cystic mass at the fetal surface were diagnosed as placental cyst. The live birth rate was 100% (25/25) and the premature birth rate was 20% (5/25). Twenty-three cases showed "honeycomb like" cystic echo. Cystic lesions of 10 cases were located in the uterine cavity connected with the margin of the normal placenta, and finally diagnosed as hydatidiform mole and coexisting fetus (HMCF). Six cases of HMCF terminated pregnancy, and the live birth rate was 4/10, the premature delivery rate was 2/4. Cystic lesions of 13 cases were located in the placenta substance, and finally diagnosed as 4 cases of placental mesenchymal dysplasia (PMD) and 9 cases of focal chorionic edema; the live birth rate was 6/13 and the premature delivery rate was 4/6. The median hCG was lower in focal chorionic edema group [80 kU/L (60-110 kU/L)] than in the groups of HMCF [240 kU/L (180-430 kU/L)] and PMD [360 kU/L (210-700 kU/L)], and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.01). Conclusions: For pregnancy complicated with placental cystic lesions, prenatal ultrasound should be performed to evaluate the shape, location and blood flow of the lesions. Maternal serological examination and invasive prenatal diagnosis are helpful for prenatal diagnosis and treatment. Due to the difference of perinatal outcomes, maternal and fetal complications, individualized pregnancy management should be carried out.


Assuntos
Mola Hidatiforme , Doenças Placentárias , Neoplasias Uterinas , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Placenta/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Placentárias/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Placentárias/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 56(9): 622-629, 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34547863

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the hierarchical management scheme of cervical adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS) based on cervical conization margin state. Methods: All medical records of 249 patients diagnosed as AIS by loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) conization from Jan. 2010 to Dec. 2015 in Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University were retrospectively reviewed, to explore the relationship between the status of the resection margin and the residual lesion after LEEP, and the multivariate logistic regression method was used to analyze the related factors that affect the residual lesion after LEEP in cervical AIS patients. Results: (1) The age of 249 cervical AIS patients was (40±8) years old (range: 23-71 years old). Of the 249 patients, 19 (7.6%, 19/249) had residual lesions; 69 cases were pathologically diagnosed as AIS after LEEP, and the residual lesion rate was 13.0% (9/69), which was significantly higher than that of AIS + high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion [5.6% (10/180); χ2=3.968,P=0.046]; 33 cases were multifocal lesions, the residual rate of lesions was 21.2% (7/33), which was significantly higher than that of single focal lesions patients [5.6% (12/216); χ2=7.858, P=0.005]; 181 patients underwent endocervical curettage (ECC) before surgery, the residual rate of lesions in ECC-positive patients was 14.0% (14/100) , significantly higher than that of ECC-negative patients [4.9% (4/81); χ2=4.103, P=0.043]. (2) Among 249 cases of AIS patients, the positive rate of resection margins after LEEP was 35.3% (88/249); the residual rate of lesions in patients with positive resection margins (14.8%, 13/88) was significantly higher than those with negative margins [3.8%(6/156); χ2=9.355, P=0.002]. The age of patients underwent total hysterectomy after LEEP was (43±7) years old, which was significantly higher than that of patients who did not undergo total hysterectomy [(37±8) years old; t=6.518, P<0.01].Among the patients underwent total hysterectomy after LEEP, 3 cases (2.0%, 3/152) had fertility requirements, while 38 cases (39.2%, 38/97) did not underwent total hysterectomy, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (χ2=59.579, P<0.01). Among the 152 patients who underwent total hysterectomy after LEEP, the residual rate of lesions was 11.8% (18/152); the residual rate of lesions in patients with positive resection margins was significantly higher than that of patients with negative resection margins [18.8% (12/64) vs 7.0% (6/86); χ2=4.861, P=0.028]. The median follow-up time of 97 patients who did not undergo total hysterectomy after LEEP was 32 months (range: 4-70 months). During the follow-up period, 3 cases of cervical AIS recurrence (3.1%, 3/97) and were followed by hysterectomy,no invasive adenocarcinoma were seen. (3) Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the positive resection margin (OR=4.098, 95%CI: 1.235-13.595, P=0.021), multifocal lesions (OR=5.464, 95%CI: 1.494-19.981, P=0.010) were independent risk factors that affected the residual lesions in patients with cervical AIS after LEEP. Conclusions: The cervical AIS patients after LEEP conization suggested be stratified by cone margin state as the first-line stratified index, age and fertility needs as the second-line stratified management index. The individualized management plan should be developed based on comprehensive assessment of high-risk factors of residual lesions.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma in Situ , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Adenocarcinoma in Situ/epidemiologia , Adenocarcinoma in Situ/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Conização , Eletrocirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Margens de Excisão , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Neoplasia Residual/cirurgia , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
17.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 42(8): 642-645, 2021 Aug 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34547869

RESUMO

Objective: To study the clinical and cytogenetic characteristics of patients with multiple myeloma harboring 6q deletion, with the aim to determine the impact of 6q deletion on survival. Methods: This study included the retrospective analysis of 382 newly diagnosed patients with multiple myeloma in our hospital from 2014 to 2017 and compared the clinical and cytogenetic characteristics between patients with and without 6q deletion. The log-rank test and the Cox proportional hazards regression model were used to analyze prognostic factors for progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) . Results: Compared to those without 6q, the patients with 6q deletion were older (median age, 63 vs 58 years, P=0.039) , had higher incidence of t (4; 14) (30.4% vs 16.4% , P=0.020) , and higher proportion of complex karyotypes (22.2% vs 5.3% , P=0.001) . Univariate survival analysis using the log-rank test revealed that 6q deletion was associated with shorter PFS. However, by the Cox multivariate proportional hazards regression model, 6q deletion was not an independent prognostic factor and its effect on survival was affected by age, t (4; 14) , and other risk factors. Conclusions: 6q deletion was common in elderly patients with multiple myeloma and was often accompanied by t (4;14) and complex karyotypes. However, 6q deletion was not an independent prognostic factor for multiple myeloma.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo , Idoso , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Citogenética , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/genética , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Br Poult Sci ; : 1-8, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477026

RESUMO

1. The aim of this study was to explore the effects of acute heat stress on serum hormone levels and the expression of genes and proteins related to the unfolded protein response (UPR) pathway and apoptotic process in the liver of broilers.2. A total of 144 Arbor Acres broilers (35-d-old) were randomly allocated to 4 different environmental-controlled chambers for acute heat exposure. The temperature of the 4 environmental chambers was adjusted to 26°C (control), 29°C, 32°C, and 35°C within 1 h, respectively. The blood and liver samples were collected after 6 h of constant heat exposure at set temperatures.3. The results showed that 6 h of acute heat stress increased serum hormone levels and up-regulated the expression of heat shock protein. The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress markers, GRP78 and GRP94, in the liver of broilers were significantly upregulated at the mRNA and protein levels. The PERK, IRE1, and XBP1 genes, which are involved in the unfolded protein response signalling, were significantly up-regulated at the mRNA levels. However, other pro-apoptotic genes showed no significant changes in the liver of broiler chickens in all groups except for upregulation of the anti-apoptotic gene BCL-xl.4. The results suggested that broilers have tolerance to acute heat stress to a certain extent. The UPR activation can alleviate ER stress and further prevent apoptosis in the liver of broilers under short-term exposure to high ambient temperatures.

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