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1.
Schizophrenia (Heidelb) ; 9(1): 2, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36604437

RESUMO

Schizophrenia is a chronic brain disorder, and neuroimaging abnormalities have been reported in different stages of the illness for decades. However, when and how these brain abnormalities occur and evolve remains undetermined. We hypothesized structural and functional brain abnormalities progress throughout the illness course at different rates in schizophrenia. A total of 115 patients with schizophrenia were recruited and stratified into three groups of different illness periods: 5-year group (illness duration: ≤5 years), 15-year group (illness duration: 12-18 years), and 25-year group (illness duration: ≥25 years); 230 healthy controls were matched by age and sex to the three groups, respectively. All participants underwent resting-state MRI scanning. Each group of patients with schizophrenia was compared with the corresponding controls in terms of voxel-based morphometry (VBM), fractional anisotropy (FA), global functional connectivity density (gFCD), and sample entropy (SampEn) abnormalities. In the 5-year group we observed only SampEn abnormalities in the putamen. In the 15-year group, we observed VBM abnormalities in the insula and cingulate gyrus and gFCD abnormalities in the temporal cortex. In the 25-year group, we observed FA abnormalities in nearly all white matter tracts, and additional VBM and gFCD abnormalities in the frontal cortex and cerebellum. By using two structural and two functional MRI analysis methods, we demonstrated that individual functional abnormalities occur in limited brain areas initially, functional connectivity and gray matter density abnormalities ensue later in wider brain areas, and structural connectivity abnormalities involving almost all white matter tracts emerge in the third decade of the course in schizophrenia.

2.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 22(1): 2, 2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36609319

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Strokes significantly impair quality of life and incur high economic and societal burdens. The triglyceride and glucose (TyG) index is a biochemical marker of insulin resistance (IR) and may have important value in the prediction of strokes, especially ischemic stroke (IS). Our study aims to investigate the relationship between TyG index and IS and ascertain whether TyG index is independently associated with IS adverse outcomes. METHODS: The Cochrane, Embase, Medline, Web of Science, PubMed, and other relevant English databases and related websites were systematically searched for articles on ''TyG index'' and "stroke" published from inception to April 4, 2022. We reviewed the available literature on the TyG index and its relation to predicting IS occurrence in the general population and adverse clinical outcomes. We calculated odds ratios (OR) of TyG index and its predictability of IS occurrence and adverse outcomes. Statistical analyses were performed using the Meta Package in STATA, version 12.0. RESULTS: A total of 18 studies and 592,635 patients were included in our analysis. The pooled effect values of all stroke types showed that higher TyG index was associated with increased the risk of IS in the general population (OR 1.37; 95% CI 1.22-1.54) in a total sample of 554,334 cases with a high level of heterogeneity (P = 0.000, I2 = 74.10%). In addition, compared to IS patients with a lower TyG index, IS patients with a higher TyG index was associated with higher risk of stroke recurrence (OR: 1.50; 95% CI 1.19-1.89) and increased risk of mortality (OR 1.40 95% CI 1.14-1.71). No correlation was found in the effect value combinations of poor functional outcomes (OR 1.12; 95% CI 0.88-1.43) and neurological worsening (OR: 1.76; 95% CI 0.79-3.95) in a total sample of 38,301 cases with a high level of heterogeneity (P = 0.000; I2 = 77.20%). CONCLUSIONS: TyG index has potential value in optimizing risk stratification for IS in the general population. Furthermore, there is a significant association between high TyG index and many adverse outcomes of stroke, especially stroke recurrence and high mortality. Future studies should focus on multi-center and multi-regional designs in order to further explore the relationship between IS and TyG index.


Assuntos
AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Glucose , Triglicerídeos , Glicemia , Biomarcadores , Fatores de Risco
3.
Horm Metab Res ; 2023 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36599456

RESUMO

Recent studies have demonstrated the close relationship between parathyroid adenoma(PA) and thyroid follicular adenoma(FTA). However, the underlying pathogenesis remains unknown. This study focused on exploring common pathogenic genes, as well as the pathogenesis of these two diseases, through bioinformatics methods. This work obtained PA and FTA datasets from the Integrated Gene Expression Database to identify the common differentially expressed genes (DEGs) of two diseases. The functions of the genes were investigated by GO and KEGG enrichment. The program CytoHubba was used to select the hub genes, while receiver operating characteristic curves were plotted to evaluate the predictive significance of the hub genes. The DGIbd database was used to identify gene-targeted drugs. This work detected a total of 77 DEGs. Enrichment analysis demonstrated that DEGs had activities of 3',5'-cyclic AMP, and nucleotide phosphodiesterases and were associated with cell proliferation. NOS1, VWF, TGFBR2, CAV1, and MAPK1 were identified as hub genes after verification. The area under the curve of PA and FTA was > 0.7, and the hub genes participated in the Relaxin Signaling Pathway, focal adhesion, and other pathways. The construction of the mRNA-miRNA interaction network yielded 11 important miRNAs, while gene-targeting drug prediction identified four targeted drugs with possible effects. This bioinformatics study demonstrated that cell proliferation and tumor suppression, the hub genes co-occurring in PA and FTA, have important effects on the occurrence and progression of two diseases, which make them potential diagnostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets.

4.
World J Emerg Med ; 14(1): 49-55, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36713334

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Swallowing disorder is a common clinical symptom that can lead to a series of complications, including aspiration, aspiration pneumonia, and malnutrition. This study aimed to investigate risk factors of post-extubation dysphagia (PED) in intensive care unit (ICU) patients with endotracheal intubation, and to develop a risk-predictive model for PED, which could serve as an assessment tool for the prevention and control of PED. METHODS: Patients retrospectively selected from June to December 2021 in a tertiary hospital served as the derivation cohort. Patients recruited from the same hospital from March to June 2022 served as the external validation cohort for the predictive model. We used a combination of variable screening and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression to select the most useful candidate predictors and checked the multicollinearity of independent variables using the variance inflation factor method. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to calculate the odds ratio (OR; 95% confidence interval [95% CI]) and P-value for each variable to predict diagnosis. The screened risk factors were introduced into R software to build a nomogram model. The performance of the model, including discrimination ability, calibration, and clinical benefit, was evaluated by plotting the receiver operating characteristic (ROC), calibration, and decision curves. RESULTS: A total of 305 patients were included in this study. Among them, 235 patients (53 PED vs. 182 non-PED) were enrolled in the derivation cohort, while 70 patients (17 PED vs. 53 non-PED) were enrolled in the validation cohort. The independent predictors included age, pause of sedatives, level of consciousness, activities of daily living (ADL) score, nasogastric tube, sore throat, and voice disorder. These predictors were used to establish the predictive nomogram model. The model demonstrated good discriminative ability, and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was 0.945 (95% CI 0.904-0.970). Applying the predictive model to the validation cohort demonstrated good discrimination with an AUC of 0.907 (95% CI 0.831-0.983) and good calibration. The decision-curve analysis of this nomogram showed a net benefit of the model. CONCLUSION: A predictive model that incorporates age, pause of sedatives, level of consciousness, ADL score, nasogastric tube, sore throat, and voice disorder may have the potential to predict PED in ICU patients.

5.
Environ Health Perspect ; 131(1): 17008, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36696106

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The associations between air pollution exposure and morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) have been widely reported; however, evidence on such associations across different dynamic disease trajectories remain unknown. OBJECTIVE: We examined whether ambient air pollution during the prehypertension (pre-HTN) stage could aggravate the progression from hypertension (HTN) to CVD, and consequent death. METHODS: A total of 168,010 adults with pre-HTN (120-139 mmHg systolic blood pressure or 80-89 mmHg diastolic blood pressure) from the UK Biobank were included in this analysis. We used a multistate model to explore the associations between five air pollutants (PM2.5, PM2.5 absorbance, PM10, NO2, and NOx) and the risk of six disease transitions (from pre-HTN to HTN, from pre-HTN to CVD, from pre-HTN to death, from HTN to CVD, from HTN to death, and from CVD to death). Mediation analyses were further conducted to explore the role of intermediate diseases in the dynamic progression of CVDs. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 12 y, 13,743 (8.18%) of participants with pre-HTN developed HTN, whereas 12,825 (7.63%) and 4,467 (2.66%) directly developed CVD or died, respectively. Air pollution was positively associated with the dynamic disease progression. For example, a per-interquartile range increase of PM2.5 was significantly associated with the hazard ratios (HRs) of 1.105 [95% confidence intervals (CI): 1.083, 1.127], 1.045 (95% CI: 1.022, 1.068), and 1.086 (95% CI: 1.047, 1.126) in the transition from pre-HTN to HTN, CVD, and death, respectively. Higher levels of air pollution were associated with increased transition probability of disease progression. Mediation analyses indicated that intermediate diseases subsequently significantly mediated air pollutant-associated risk to develop more serious disease. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides evidence that air pollution might play a role in the early stages of CVD progression. Controlling air pollution might be an effective measure to prevent CVD progression and reduce the disease burden of CVD. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP10967.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Hipertensão , Pré-Hipertensão , Adulto , Humanos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Bancos de Espécimes Biológicos , Material Particulado/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Reino Unido/epidemiologia , Progressão da Doença , Exposição Ambiental/análise
6.
Food Chem ; 409: 135294, 2023 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36592604

RESUMO

Salmonella Enteritidis easily contaminate chicken during slaughtering, processing, transportation, and sales, which seriously endangers human health. This study aimed to identify metabolite biomarkers for Salmonella Enteritidis contamination in chicken meat. UPLC-Q-Orbitrap MS untargeted metabolomics analysis identified 441 and 240 confidently metabolites in positive and negative ion mode, respectively. Thirty metabolites were defined as potential biomarkers for Salmonella enteritidis contamination in chicken meat. UPLC-QQQ-MS based targeted metabolomics was used to quantitatively analyze candidate metabolite biomarkers in Salmonella enteritidis contaminated and fresh chicken samples. A total of 10 candidate metabolite biomarkers were confirmed in the validation set, among which acetylcholine, l-Methionine, l-Proline, l-Valine, and l-Norleucine were identified as biomarkers for Salmonella Enteritidis contamination in chicken. The combined receiver operating characteristic curve analysis of the five biomarkers achieved an AUC of 0.956, indicating their high sensitivity and specificity in predicting Salmonella Enteritidis in raw chicken. In conclusion, the present study identified five metabolite biomarkers for Salmonella enteritidis in raw chicken. These results provide a potential theoretical basis for developing Salmonella Enteritidis detection methods in raw chicken.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Salmonella enteritidis , Animais , Humanos , Carne
7.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 1574, 2023 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36709403

RESUMO

Inflammation-induced autophagy is a double-edged sword. Dysfunction of autophagy impairs the differentiation capacity of mesenchymal stem cells and enhances inflammation-induced bone loss. Tooth extraction with periodontal and/or endodontic lesions exacerbates horizontal and vertical resorption of alveolar bone during the healing period. Alveolar socket preservation (ASP) procedure following tooth extraction has important clinical implications for future prosthodontic treatments. Studies have shown that epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) have significant anti-inflammatory effects and participate in autophagy. However, whether EETs can minimize alveolar bone resorption and contribute to ASP by regulating autophagy levels under inflammatory conditions remain elusive. Here, we figured out that LPS-induced inflammatory conditions increased the inflammatory cytokine and inhibited osteogenic differentiation of human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs), and led to excessive autophagy of hDPSCs. Moreover, we identified that increased EETs levels using TPPU, a soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitor, reversed these negative outcomes. We further demonstrated the potential of TPPU to promote early healing of extraction sockets and ASP, and speculated that it was related to autophagy. Taken together, these results suggest that targeting inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase using TPPU plays a protective role in the differentiation and autophagy of mesenchymal stem cells and provides potential feasibility for applying TPPU for ASP, especially under inflammatory conditions.

8.
Food Chem ; 408: 135248, 2023 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36571882

RESUMO

Sweeteners play an irreplaceable role in daily life and have been found in multitudinous food products. However, excessive or unreasonable intake of sweeteners as food additives brings about untoward problems due to the accumulation in the human body. Therefore, a comprehensive review of different sweeteners' pretreatment and determination methods is urgently needed. In this review, we comprehensively reviewed the progress of different pretreatment and detection methods for sweeteners in various food, focusing on the latest development since 2015. Current state-of-the-art technologies, such as headspace single-drop microextraction, ultrasound-assisted emulsification microextraction, solid-phase microextraction, two-dimensional liquid chromatography, and high-resolution mass spectrometry, are thoroughly discussed. The advantages, disadvantages, critical comments, and future perspectives are also proposed. This review is expected to provide rewarding insights into the future development and broad application of pretreatment and detection methods for sweeteners in different food samples.


Assuntos
Aditivos Alimentares , Edulcorantes , Humanos , Edulcorantes/análise , Aditivos Alimentares/análise , Espectrometria de Massas , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Microextração em Fase Sólida , Análise de Alimentos/métodos
9.
Sci Total Environ ; 862: 160803, 2023 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36493826

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies on the association between ambient air pollution and cardiometabolic diseases (CMDs) focused on a single disease, without considering cardiometabolic multimorbidity (CMM) and the progression trajectory of CMDs. METHODS: Based on the UK Biobank cohort, we included 372,530 participants aged 37-73 years at baseline (2006-2010) with follow-up until September 2021. Incident CMDs cases were identified based on self-reported information and multiple health-related records in the UK Biobank. CMM was defined as the occurrence of at least two CMDs, including ischemic heart disease (IHD), stroke and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Exposure to ambient air pollutants, including particulate matter (PM) with aerodynamic diameter ≤2.5 µm (PM2.5), ≤10 µm (PM10), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and nitrogen oxides (NOx) were estimated at participants' geocoded residential addresses based on the high-resolution (1 × 1 km) pollution data from 2001 to 2021 provided by UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. Multi-state models with adjustment for potential confounders were used to examine the impact of long-term exposure to ambient air pollution on transitions from healthy to first CMD (FCMD), subsequently to CMM, and further to death. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 12.6 years, 40,112 participants developed at least one CMD, 3896 developed CMM, and 21,739 died. Among the four pollutants, PM2.5 showed the strongest associations with all transitions from healthy to FCMD, to CMM, and then to death [hazard ratios (95 % confidence intervals) per interquartile range (IQR) increment: 1.62 (1.60, 1.64) and 1.68 (1.61, 1.76) for transitions from healthy to FCMD and from FCMD to CMM, and 1.62 (1.59, 1.66), 1.67 (1.61, 1.73), and 1.52 (1.38, 1.67) for death risk from healthy, FCMD, and CMM, respectively]. After dividing FCMDs into three specific CMDs, we found that ambient air pollution had differential impacts on disease-specific transitions within the same transition phase. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that there is potential for air pollution mitigation in contributing to the prevention of the development and progression of CMDs.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Poluentes Ambientais , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Incidência , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Material Particulado/análise , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia
10.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 113(Pt A): 109405, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36461601

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Incretin impairment refers to L-cell-derived glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) deficiency, commonly observed in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Promoting the enteroendocrine L-cell population to elevate GLP-1 secretory capacity represents a potential therapeutic strategy for T2DM. It has been established that ginsenoside compound K (CK) could stimulate GLP-1 secretion; however, the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. METHODS: CK was intragastrically administered to male db/db mice for 4 weeks that subsequently underwent oral glucose tolerance testing. Serum samples were collected to measure the GLP-1 secretion, insulin level, inflammatory factors, and bile acid (BA) profiles. Ileum epithelial injury was detected by Hematoxylin and Eosin (H&E) and Masson staining. Gene markers associated with L-cell differentiation were evaluated by RT-PCR, and L-cells were labeled by Gcg via immunofluorescence assays. TGR5 and YAP expression was analyzed by immunoblotting and immunofluorescence assays. RESULTS: Compound K attenuated hyperglycemia and inflammation in db/db mice and upregulated TGR5 expression by increasing lithocholic acid (LCA) and deoxycholic acid (DCA) levels in response to ileum epithelium injury. Meanwhile, fibrosis was alleviated, and the crypt architecture was restored, with increased L-cell abundance and serum GLP-1 levels. The upregulation in genes associated with L-cell differentiation promoted transformation into L-cells. Further mechanistic analyses showed that the effects of CK on the L-cell population required YAP activation, which triggered actin cytoskeleton dynamics. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that TGR5 could modulate the abundance of L-cells to enhance GLP-1 release through YAP-driven intestinal regeneration in db/db mice. Accordingly, CK has huge prospects for application to alleviate incretin impairment in T2DM.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Peptídeo 1 Semelhante ao Glucagon , Masculino , Animais , Camundongos , Células L , Incretinas , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Camundongos Endogâmicos
11.
Sci Bull (Beijing) ; 67(13): 1345-1351, 2022 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36546267

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) materials and their heterostructures have been intensively studied in recent years due to their potential applications in electronic, optoelectronic, and spintronic devices. Nonetheless, the realization of 2D heterostructures with atomically flat and clean interfaces remains challenging, especially for air-sensitive materials, which hinders the in-depth investigation of interface-induced phenomena and the fabrication of high-quality devices. Here, we circumvented this challenge by exfoliating 2D materials in an ultrahigh vacuum. Remarkably, ultraflat and clean substrate surfaces can assist the exfoliation of 2D materials, regardless of the substrate and 2D material, thus providing a universal method for the preparation of heterostructures with ideal interfaces. In addition, we studied the properties of two prototypical systems that cannot be achieved previously, including the electronic structure of monolayer phospherene and optical responses of transition metal dichalcogenides on different metal substrates. Our work paves the way to engineer rich interface-induced phenomena, such as proximity effects and moiré superlattices.

12.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 7000, 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36385244

RESUMO

The Su-Schrieffer-Heeger (SSH) model in a two-dimensional rectangular lattice features gapless or gapped Dirac cones with topological edge states along specific peripheries. While such a simple model has been recently realized in photonic/acoustic lattices and electric circuits, its material realization in condensed matter systems is still lacking. Here, we study the atomic and electronic structure of a rectangular Si lattice on Ag(001) by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy and theoretical calculations. We demonstrate that the Si lattice hosts gapped Dirac cones at the Brillouin zone corners. Our tight-binding analysis reveals that the Dirac bands can be described by a 2D SSH model with anisotropic polarizations. The gap of the Dirac cone is driven by alternative hopping amplitudes in one direction and staggered potential energies in the other one and hosts topological edge states. Our results establish an ideal platform to explore the rich physical properties of the 2D SSH model.

13.
Front Immunol ; 13: 1008084, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36389816

RESUMO

The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has caused the global pandemic, resulting in great fatalities around the world. Although the antiviral roles of RNA interference (RNAi) have been well studied in plants, nematodes and insects, the antiviral roles of RNAi in mammalians are still debating as RNAi effect is suspected to be suppressed by interferon (IFN) signaling pathways in most cell types. To determine the role of RNAi in mammalian resistance to SARS-CoV-2, we studied the profiling of host small RNAs and SARS-CoV-2 virus-derived small RNAs (vsRNAs) in the early infection stages of Vero cells, an IFN-deficient cell line. We found that host microRNAs (miRNAs) were dysregulated upon SARS-CoV-2 infection, resulting in downregulation of microRNAs playing antiviral functions and upregulation of microRNAs facilitating viral proliferations. Moreover, vsRNA peaked at 22 nt at negative strand but not the positive strand of SARS-CoV-2 and formed successive Dicer-spliced pattern at both strands. Similar characteristics of vsRNAs were observed in IFN-deficient cell lines infected with Sindbis and Zika viruses. Together, these findings indicate that host cell may deploy RNAi pathway to combat SARS-CoV-2 infection in IFN-deficient cells, informing the alternative antiviral strategies to be developed for patients or tissues with IFN deficiency.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , MicroRNAs , Infecção por Zika virus , Zika virus , Chlorocebus aethiops , Animais , Humanos , Células Vero , SARS-CoV-2/genética , RNA Viral/genética , COVID-19/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Antivirais , Mamíferos
14.
Med Biol Eng Comput ; 2022 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36342597

RESUMO

Little information is available about how intravenous bolus injection of iopromide 370 twice in a short time will affect hemodynamics and whether the changes reach clinically relevant levels. In the present study, 31 healthy adult volunteers received abdominal contrast-enhanced CT and coronary CTA sequential examinations. The same dose and rate of normal saline was injected 30 min in advance as self-control. Hemodynamic data were noninvasively collected at selected time points from 1 min prior to injection to 30 min post-injection. The results showed that after iopromide 370 injection, except for stroke volume, all other indicators changed immediately during the first injection, changed most significantly during the second injection (P < 0.05), and returned to baseline within 10 min. Heart rate and cardiac output exhibited the most pronounced changes, with an increasing rate of 33.5% and 33.8%, respectively. For indicators with a change range of > 15% during the second injection, except for mean arterial pressure and total peripheral resistance, the proportions of subjects for the other indicators between the two groups were statistically different (P < 0.05). In conclusion, intravenous bolus injection of iopromide 370 twice in dual-site sequential examinations induced dose-cumulative and time-dependent hemodynamic effects, which all fluctuated within the normal ranges.

16.
RSC Adv ; 12(46): 29727-29733, 2022 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36321095

RESUMO

A robust, efficient and sensitive quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) for glucose detection has been constructed using Au@bovine serum albumin (Au@BSA) nanoparticles as an active layer. The nanoparticles serve as tandem nanozymes and their stability over natural enzymes enable the sensor to show a wider linear dynamic range between 0.05 and 15 mM, a higher acid-resistance (pH 2.0-8.0) and heat-resistance (35-60 °C) than conventional glucose oxidase (GOx)-based sensors. The sensor has been further applied to measure glucose content in artificial urine directly without dilution, where the recovery of 99.6-105.2% and the relative standard deviations (RSDs) below 0.88% confirm a good reproducibility for the measurement results. In addition, the developed Au@BSA QCM sensor can retain 95% of its initial activity after 40 days of storage. Overall, the Au@BSA sensor shows better comprehensive performance than the commercial sensor strips for urine glucose analysis and provides a promising approach in a more precise and robust manner.

17.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 219: 114816, 2022 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36327559

RESUMO

Airborne transmissibility of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has highlighted the urgent need for aerosol monitoring of SARS-CoV-2 to prevent sporadic outbreaks of COVID-19. The inadequate sensitivity of conventional methods and the lack of an on-site detection system limited the practical SARS-CoV-2 monitoring of aerosols in public spaces. We have developed a novel SARS-CoV-2-in-aerosol monitoring system (SIAMs) which consists of multiple portable cyclone samplers for collecting aerosols from several venues and a sensitive "sample-to-answer" microsystem employing an integrated cartridge for the analysis of SARS-CoV-2 in aerosols (iCASA) near the sampling site. By seamlessly combining viral RNA extraction based on a chitosan-modified quartz filter and "in situ" tetra-primer recombinase polymerase amplification (tpRPA) into an integrated microfluidic cartridge, iCASA can provide an ultra-high sensitivity of 20 copies/mL, which is nearly one order of magnitude greater than that of the commercial kit, and a short turnaround time of 25 min. By testing various clinical samples of nasopharyngeal swabs, saliva, and exhaled breath condensates obtained from 23 COVID-19 patients, we demonstrate that the positive rate of our system was 3.3 times higher than those of the conventional method. Combining with multiple portable cyclone samplers, we detected 52.2% (12/23) of the aerosol samples, six times higher than that of the commercial kit, collected from the isolation wards of COVID-19 patients, demonstrating the excellent performance of our system for SARS-CoV-2-in-aerosol monitoring. We envision the broad application of our microsystem in aerosol monitoring for fighting the COVID-19 pandemic.

18.
Animals (Basel) ; 12(19)2022 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36230252

RESUMO

The growth and development of skeletal muscle determine the productivity of pigeon meat production, and miRNA plays an important role in the growth and development of this type of muscle. However, there are few reports regarding miRNA regulating the growth and development of skeletal muscle in pigeons. To explore the function of miRNA in regulating the growth and development of pigeon skeletal muscle, we used RNA sequencing technology to study the transcriptome of pigeons at two embryonic stages (E8 and E13) and two growth stages (D1 and D10). A total of 32,527 mRNAs were identified in pigeon skeletal muscles, including 14,378 novel mRNAs and 18,149 known mRNAs. A total of 2362 miRNAs were identified, including 1758 known miRNAs and 624 novel miRNAs. In total, 839 differentially expressed miRNAs (DEmiRNAs) and 11,311 differentially expressed mRNAs (DEGs) were identified. STEM clustering analysis assigned DEmiRNAs to 20 profiles, of which 7 were significantly enriched (p-value < 0.05). These seven significantly enriched profiles can be classified into two categories. The first category represents DEmiRNAs continuously downregulated from the developmental stage to the growth stage of pigeon skeletal muscle, and the second category represents DEmiRNAs with low expression at the development and early growth stage, and significant upregulation at the high growth stage. We then constructed an miRNA-mRNA network based on target relationships between DEmiRNAs and DEGs belonging to the seven significantly enriched profiles. Based on the connectivity degree, 20 hub miRNAs responsible for pigeon skeletal muscle development and growth were identified, including cli-miR-20b-5p, miR-130-y, cli-miR-106-5p, cli-miR-181b-5p, miR-1-z, cli-miR-1a-3p, miR-23-y, cli-miR-30d-5p, miR-1-y, etc. The hub miRNAs involved in the miRNA-mRNA regulatory networks and their expression patterns during the development and growth of pigeon skeletal muscle were visualized. GO and KEGG enrichment analysis found potential biological processes and pathways related to muscle growth and development. Our findings expand the knowledge of miRNA expression in pigeons and provide a database for further investigation of the miRNA-mRNA regulatory mechanism underlying pigeon skeletal muscle development and growth.

19.
BMC Med ; 20(1): 375, 2022 10 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36310158

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Though the association between air pollution and incident type 2 diabetes (T2D) has been well documented, evidence on the association with development of subsequent diabetes complications and post-diabetes mortality is scarce. We investigate whether air pollution is associated with different progressions and outcomes of T2D. METHODS: Based on the UK Biobank, 398,993 participants free of diabetes and diabetes-related events at recruitment were included in this analysis. Exposures to particulate matter with a diameter ≤ 10 µm (PM10), PM2.5, nitrogen oxides (NOx), and NO2 for each transition stage were estimated at each participant's residential addresses using data from the UK's Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. The outcomes were incident T2D, diabetes complications (diabetic kidney disease, diabetic eye disease, diabetic neuropathy disease, peripheral vascular disease, cardiovascular events, and metabolic events), all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality. Multi-state model was used to analyze the impact of air pollution on different progressions of T2D. Cumulative transition probabilities of different stages of T2D under different air pollution levels were estimated. RESULTS: During the 12-year follow-up, 13,393 incident T2D patients were identified, of whom, 3791 developed diabetes complications and 1335 died. We observed that air pollution was associated with different progression stages of T2D with different magnitudes. In a multivariate model, the hazard ratios [95% confidence interval (CI)] per interquartile range elevation in PM2.5 were 1.63 (1.59, 1.67) and 1.08 (1.03, 1.13) for transitions from healthy to T2D and from T2D to complications, and 1.50 (1.47, 1.53), 1.49 (1.36, 1.64), and 1.54 (1.35, 1.76) for mortality risk from baseline, T2D, and diabetes complications, respectively. Generally, we observed stronger estimates of four air pollutants on transition from baseline to incident T2D than those on other transitions. Moreover, we found significant associations between four air pollutants and mortality risk due to cancer and cardiovascular diseases from T2D or diabetes complications. The cumulative transition probability was generally higher among those with higher levels of air pollution exposure. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that ambient air pollution exposure may contribute to increased risk of incidence and progressions of T2D, but to diverse extents for different progressions.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Humanos , Incidência , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Material Particulado/efeitos adversos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise
20.
J Chem Phys ; 157(13): 134710, 2022 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36209025

RESUMO

The photocarrier recombination in van der Waals layers may determine the device performance based on these materials. Here, we investigated the photocarrier dynamics in a multilayer indium selenide nanofilm using transient absorption spectroscopy. The sub-bandgap transient absorption feature was attributed to the indirect intraband absorption of the photocarriers, which was then exploited as a probe to monitor the photocarrier dynamics. With increasing pump intensities, the photocarrier decay was accelerated because of the rising contribution from a bimolecular recombination channel that was then assigned to exciton-exciton annihilation. The rate constant of the exciton-exciton annihilation was given as (1.8 ± 0.1) × 10-15 cm2 ps-1 from a global fitting of the photocarrier decay kinetics for different pump intensities. Our finding suggests that, in contrast with their monolayer counterpart, the exciton-exciton annihilation is rather inefficient in multilayers due to their weaker Coulomb interaction. Hence, compared with monolayers, the lifetime of photocarriers in multilayers would not be significantly reduced under high-intensity pump conditions, and the apparent photocarrier lifetime could be further improved just by suppressing the monomolecular recombination channels such as trapping.

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