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1.
Genes (Basel) ; 12(11)2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34828393

RESUMO

Growing evidence has demonstrated the emerging role of long non-coding RNA as competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) in regulating skeletal muscle development. However, the mechanism of ceRNA regulated by lncRNA in pigeon skeletal muscle development remains unclear. To reveal the function and regulatory mechanisms of lncRNA, we first analyzed the expression profiles of lncRNA, microRNA (miRNA), and mRNA during the development of pigeon skeletal muscle using high-throughput sequencing. We then constructed a lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA ceRNA network based on differentially expressed (DE) lncRNAs, miRNAs, and mRNAs according to the ceRNA hypothesis. Functional enrichment and short time-series expression miner (STEM) analysis were performed to explore the function of the ceRNA network. Hub lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA interactions were identified by connectivity degree and validated using dual-luciferase activity assay. The results showed that a total of 1625 DE lncRNAs, 11,311 DE mRNAs, and 573 DE miRNAs were identified. A ceRNA network containing 9120 lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA interactions was constructed. STEM analysis indicated that the function of the lncRNA-associated ceRNA network might be developmental specific. Functional enrichment analysis identified potential pathways regulating pigeon skeletal muscle development, such as cell cycle and MAPK signaling. Based on the connectivity degree, lncRNAs TCONS_00066712, TCONS_00026594, TCONS_00001557, TCONS_00001553, and TCONS_00003307 were identified as hub genes in the ceRNA network. lncRNA TCONS_00026594 might regulate the FSHD region gene 1 (FRG1)/ SRC proto-oncogene, non-receptor tyrosine kinase (SRC) by sponge adsorption of cli-miR-1a-3p to affect the development of pigeon skeletal muscle. Our findings provide a data basis for in-depth elucidation of the lncRNA-associated ceRNA mechanism underlying pigeon skeletal muscle development.

2.
Foods ; 10(11)2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34829016

RESUMO

A simple and sensitive gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS) method was established for the quantitative screening of penicillin G residues in chicken and duck eggs (whole egg, yolk and albumen). The analyte was separated on a TG-1MS capillary column (30.0 m × 0.25 mm i.d., 0.25 µm) with an external calibration method and electron impact (EI) ionization. Samples were pretreated using an accelerated solvent extraction (ASE) procedure followed by solid-phase extraction (SPE) on HLB cartridges (60 mg/3 mL). The derivative, which was safer and easier to store than penicillin G, was obtained by reacting trimethylsilyl diazomethane (TMSD) with penicillin G. The method was validated by the following parameters: linearity, accuracy, precision, limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification (LOQ). The matrix-matched calibration curves had good linearity (R2 ≥ 0.9994) within the concentration range of LOQ-200.0 µg/kg for penicillin G in the sample matrices. In the same concentration range, the accuracy, in terms of recovery, was 80.31-94.50%; the relative standard deviation (RSD), intra-day RSD and inter-day RSD ranged from 1.24 to 3.44%, 2.13 to 4.82% and 2.74 to 6.13%, respectively. The LODs and LOQs of penicillin G in the matrices were in the ranges of 1.70-3.20 and 6.10-8.50 µg/kg, respectively. The applicability of the GC-MS/MS method was demonstrated by the determination of poultry eggs obtained from local markets with no penicillin G residues.

3.
Amino Acids ; 2021 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34837556

RESUMO

The human Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension-Sodium Trial has shown that ß-aminoisobutyric acid (BAIBA) may prevent the development of salt-sensitive hypertension (SSHT). However, the specific antihypertensive mechanism remains unclear in the renal tissues of salt-sensitive (SS) rats. In this study, BAIBA (100 mg/kg/day) significantly attenuated SSHT via increased nitric oxide (NO) content in the renal medulla, and it induced a significant increase in NO synthesis substrates (L-arginine and malic acid) in the renal medulla. BAIBA enhanced the activity levels of total NO synthase (NOS), inducible NOS, and constitutive NOS. BAIBA resulted in increased fumarase activity and decreased fumaric acid content in the renal medulla. The high-salt diet (HSD) decreased fumarase expression in the renal cortex, and BAIBA increased fumarase expression in the renal medulla and renal cortex. Furthermore, in the renal medulla, BAIBA increased the levels of ATP, ADP, AMP, and ADP/ATP ratio, thus further activating AMPK phosphorylation. BAIBA prevented the decrease in renal medullary antioxidative defenses induced by the HSD. In conclusion, BAIBA's antihypertensive effect was underlined by the phosphorylation of AMPK, the prevention of fumarase's activity reduction caused by the HSD, and the enhancement of NO content, which in concert attenuated SSHT in SS rats.

5.
Chron Respir Dis ; 18: 14799731211060051, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34806456

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: High blood urea nitrogen (BUN) is associated with an elevated risk of mortality in various diseases, such as heart failure and pneumonia. Heart failure and pneumonia are common comorbidities of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD). However, data on the relationship of BUN levels with mortality in patients with AECOPD are sparse. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between BUN level and in-hospital mortality in a cohort of patients with AECOPD who presented at the emergency department (ED). METHODS: A total of 842 patients with AECOPD were enrolled in the retrospective observational study from January 2018 to September 2020. The outcome was all-cause in-hospital mortality. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis and logistic regression models were performed to evaluate the association of BUN levels with in-hospital mortality in patients with AECOPD. Propensity score matching was used to assemble a cohort of patients with similar baseline characteristics, and logistic regression models were also performed in the propensity score matching cohort. RESULTS: During hospitalization, 26 patients (3.09%) died from all causes, 142 patients (16.86%) needed invasive ventilation, and 190 patients (22.57%) were admitted to the ICU. The mean level of blood urea nitrogen was 7.5 ± 4.5 mmol/L. Patients in the hospital non-survivor group had higher BUN levels (13.48 ± 9.62 mmol/L vs. 7.35 ± 4.14 mmol/L, p < 0.001) than those in the survivor group. The area under the curve (AUC) was 0.76 (95% CI 0.73-0.79, p < 0.001), and the optimal BUN level cutoff was 7.63 mmol/L for hospital mortality. As a continuous variable, BUN level was associated with hospital mortality after adjusting respiratory rate, level of consciousness, pH, PCO2, lactic acid, albumin, glucose, CRP, hemoglobin, platelet distribution width, D-dimer, and pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (OR 1.10, 95% CI 1.03-1.17, p=0.005). The OR of hospital mortality was significantly higher in the BUN level ≥7.63 mmol/L group than in the BUN level <7.63 mmol/L group in adjusted model (OR 3.29, 95% CI 1.05-10.29, p=0.041). Similar results were found after multiple imputation and in the propensity score matching cohort. CONCLUSIONS: Increased BUN level at ED admission is associated with hospital mortality in patients with AECOPD who present at the ED. The level of 7.63 mmol/L can be used as a cutoff value for critical stratification.

6.
Br Poult Sci ; 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738495

RESUMO

1. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play key roles in regulating lipid metabolism, adipogenesis and fat deposition in chicken. To date, there are only a few miRNAs that had been confirmed to be involved in chicken adipogenesis. The detailed mechanisms by which miRNAs regulate chicken adipogenesis remain largely unknown.2. To identify candidate miRNAs involved in chicken preadipocyte differentiation and explore potential mechanisms behind their functions, the following study analysed and identified miRNA and mRNA expression levels in undifferentiated and differentiated preadipocytes. Hub miRNA-mRNA interactions were identified, and the degree of connectivity of DE miRNAs in the network was established.3. A total of 145 DE miRNAs and 660 DE mRNAs were identified between undifferentiated and differentiated preadipocytes. An miRNA-mRNA network was constructed, including 29 DE miRNAs and 155 DE mRNAs, forming 470 miRNA-mRNA interactions. Functional enrichment analysis showed that DE mRNAs in the network were significantly enriched in 712 biological processes and 13 KEGG pathways. Based on the connectivity degree, five DE miRNAs with higher degrees miR-195-x, gga-miR-200a-3p, gga-miR-135a-5p, novel-m0067-5p and novel-m0270-5p were identified as hub miRNAs. Fifty-eight DE mRNAs interacted with these five hub miRNAs and formed 70 miRNA-mRNA interactions.4. This study constructed a miRNA-mRNA network associated with chicken preadipocyte differentiation and identified five hub miRNAs in the network. The findings identified the number of chicken adipogenic miRNAs and laid the foundation for elucidating the miRNA-mediated regulatory mechanism in chicken adipogenesis.

7.
Nat Chem ; 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34764470

RESUMO

As the nearest-neighbour element to carbon, boron is theoretically predicted to have a planar two-dimensional form, named borophene, with novel properties, such as Dirac fermions and superconductivity. Several polymorphs of monolayer borophene have been grown on metal surfaces, yet thicker bilayer and few-layer nanosheets remain elusive. Here we report the synthesis of large-size, single-crystalline bilayer borophene on the Cu(111) surface by molecular beam epitaxy. Combining scanning tunnelling microscopy and first-principles calculations, we show that bilayer borophene consists of two stacked monolayers that are held together by covalent interlayer boron-boron bonding, and each monolayer has ß12-like structures with zigzag rows. The formation of a bilayer is associated with a large transfer and redistribution of charge in the first boron layer on Cu(111), which provides additional electrons for the bonding of additional boron atoms, enabling the growth of the second layer. The bilayer borophene is shown to possess metallic character, and be less prone to being oxidized than its monolayer counterparts.

8.
Hypertens Res ; 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34616033

RESUMO

We have shown that complement 3 (C3) is upregulated in cardiovascular and renal organs, which induces the synthetic phenotype and exaggerates the growth of mesenchymal cells from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). However, the mechanisms of the upregulation of C3 have remained unclear. In the present study, we investigated the role of TWIST1, a transcription factor that regulates mesodermal embryogenesis, in the upregulation of C3 in glomerular mesangial cells (GMCs) from SHRs and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. Immunocytochemical staining and western blot analysis showed that the expression of TWIST1 in GMCs from SHRs was higher than that in GMCs from WKY rats in vivo and in vitro. Real-time PCR analysis showed increases in the expression of Twist1 mRNA with attenuated expression of miR-151-3p in GMCs from SHRs compared to that in cells from WKY rats. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assays showed increases in TWIST1 binding to the C3 promoter in GMCs from SHRs compared to that in cells from WKY rats. Transfection of Twist1 cDNA by a lentiviral vector increased the expression of C3 mRNA in GMCs from WKY rats. TWIST1 siRNA significantly decreased the mRNA expression of C3 and osteopontin in GMCs from SHRs. These results indicate that the increases in TWIST1 expression, attenuation of miR-151-3p, and strong binding of TWIST1 upregulate C3 gene expression in GMCs from SHRs. The enhanced TWIST1-C3 system induces the synthetic phenotype of mesenchymal tissue that may be associated with cardiovascular and renal remodeling in hypertension.

9.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(9): 9870-9878, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628913

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prostatitis seriously endangers the health of men. While they have been widely used in recent years, there remains a lack of systematic evaluation of the clinical efficacy of α-receptor blockers (α-RBs)/α-adrenergic receptor blockers (α-ARBs) in its treatment. Based on this, this study was developed to systematically evaluate the clinical effect of α-ARB in the treatment of prostatitis. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) studying α-RBs or α-ARBs, placebos, or other measures to treat prostatitis were searched in Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, and CBM databases from establishment to December 2020. The quality of included articles was evaluated using the Cochrane System Review Manual and Jadad tools, and a meta-analysis was performed using Review Manager 5.3 software. RESULTS: A total of six articles meeting the requirements were found and included 450 patients. Meta-analysis showed that the National Institutes of Health Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI) score [mean difference (MD) =-1.76, 95% confidence interval (CI): (-3.35 to -0.17), and P=0.03], pain score [MD =-2.24, 95% CI: (-3.65 to -0.83), and P=0.002], voiding symptom score [MD =-1.21, 95% CI: (-2.06 to -0.35), and P=0.006], and quality of life score [MD =-1.40, 95% CI: (-1.48 to -1.33), and P<0.00001] for patients in the experimental group were lower in contrast to those in the control group after the treatment. DISCUSSION: The use of α-ARB could significantly improve the treatment effect of patients with prostatitis and improve their quality of life.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Prostatite , Doença Crônica , Humanos , Masculino , Prostatite/tratamento farmacológico , Receptores Adrenérgicos alfa , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
10.
Inorg Chem Commun ; 134: 108995, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34658663

RESUMO

In recent decades, the use of engineered nanoparticles has been increasing in various sectors, including biomedicine, diagnosis, water treatment, and environmental remediation leading to significant public concerns. Among these nanoparticles, magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) have gained many attentions in medicine, pharmacology, drug delivery system, molecular imaging, and bio-sensing due to their various properties. In addition, various studies have reviewed MNPs main applications in the biomedical engineering area with intense progress and recent achievements. Nanoparticles, especially the magnetic nanoparticles, have recently been confirmed with excellent antiviral activity against different viruses, including SARS-CoV-2(Covid-19) and their recent development against Covid-19 also has also been discussed. This review aims to highlight the recent development of the magnetic nanoparticles and their biomedical applications such as diagnosis of diseases, molecular imaging, hyperthermia, bio-sensing, gene therapy, drug delivery and the diagnosis of Covid-19.

11.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 38(10): 947-950, 2021 Oct 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34625929

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the genetic basis for a pedigree affected with Alport syndrome. METHODS: Next generation sequencing and Sanger sequencing was applied to detect potential variants of the COL4A3, COL4A4 and COL4A5 genes among members from the pedigree and 100 unrelated healthy controls. RESULTS: The proband and his twin brother were found to carry two novel variants, namely c.4953G>A and c.4623C>A, of the COL4A4 gene, which were respectively inherited from her father and mother. The same variants were not detected among the 100 healthy controls and medical literature. Based on the guidelines of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics, both the c.4953G>A and c.4623C>A variants were predicted to be pathogenic (PVS1+PM2_supporting+PP1). CONCLUSION: The c.4953G>A and c.4623C>A variants of the COLA4A gene probably underlay the Alport syndrome in this pedigree. Above finding has enriched the spectrum of COLA4A gene variants.


Assuntos
Nefrite Hereditária , Autoantígenos/genética , Criança , Colágeno Tipo IV/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mutação , Nefrite Hereditária/genética , Linhagem
12.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 11(10)2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34679532

RESUMO

Ultrasound has emerged as the most useful imaging tool for investigating wrist and hand disorders, with several published ultrasound protocols having demonstrated their practicality in scanning the wrist tendons and nerves. However, ligaments of the wrist are networked in a complex manner, deterring sonographers from examining them with an organized strategy. Furthermore, because of the non-parallel alignment between the radiocarpal, mid-carpal, and carpal-metacarpal joints, precise recognition of the carpal bones is challenging, although ultrasound is paramount for visualizing the wrist ligaments. In this regard, the current article for point of view aims to elaborate sonoanatomy of the carpal bones and to present a stepwise systematic approach for navigating the extrinsic and intrinsic wrist ligaments.

13.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 734040, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34707499

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the immunological mechanism of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Methods: Mice with 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced colitis were intraperitoneally injected with phosphate-buffered saline, BM-MSCs, BM-MSCs with tumor necrosis factor-induced protein 6 (Tnfaip6) knockdown mediated by RNA interference recombinant adenovirus, and BM-MSCs-infected with control adenovirus or recombinant mouse Tnfaip6. The disease activity index, weight loss, and histological scores were recorded. Serum levels of Tnfaip6 and pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-21, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), IL-10 were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The relative expression levels of these cytokines, B-cell lymphoma 6 (BCL-6) and fork-like transcription factor p3 (Foxp3) in the colon were determined by real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). BCL-6 and Foxp3 are the master regulators of follicular helper T cells (Tfh) and follicular regulatory T cells (Tfr), respectively. The infiltration of Tfh and Tfr in mesenteric lymph nodes (MLNs) and spleens was analyzed by flow cytometry. Results: Compared to the normal control group, the expression levels of BCL-6 and IL-21 in the colon, Tfh infiltration, and ratios of Tfh/Tfr in the MLNs and spleen, and the serum concentrations of IL-21 and TNF-α increased significantly in the colitis model group (p < 0.05). Intraperitoneal injection of BM-MSCs or Tnfaip6 ameliorated weight loss and clinical and histological severity of colitis, downregulated the expression of BCL-6, IL-21, and TNF-α, upregulated the expression of Foxp3, IL-10, and Tnfaip6 (p < 0.05), increased Tfr and reduced the infiltration of Tfh in the MLNs and spleen, and downregulated the Tfh/Tfr ratio (p < 0.05). On the other hand, BM-MSCs lost the therapeutic effect and immune regulatory functions on Tfh and Tfr after Tnfaip6 knockdown. Conclusion: Tfh increase in the inflamed colon, Tfh decrease and Tfr increase during the colitis remission phase, and the imbalance of the Tfh/Tfr ratio is closely related to the progression of IBD. Tnfaip6 secreted by BM-MSCs alleviates IBD by inhibiting Tfh differentiation, promoting Tfr differentiation, and improving the imbalance of Tfh/Tfr in mice.

14.
Bioengineered ; 12(1): 8336-8346, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34592886

RESUMO

The protein phosphatase 1 regulatory subunit 3 G (PPP1R3G) participates in many tumor biological processes; however, its effects on lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) have not been clarified. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the correlation between PPP1R3G and the prognosis and immune invasion of LUAD. We evaluated the relationship between PPP1R3G and LUAD using a wide range of databases and analysis tools, including UALCAN, TIMER, miRDB, The Human Protein Atlas and the MethSurv database. First, we explored the mRNA and protein expression levels of PPP1R3G in LUAD, and results were validated using real-time PCR. Next, we explored the relationship between PPP1R3G expression and clinical features. Finally, Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox regression were employed to investigate the prognostic significance of PPP1R3G in LUAD. In addition, we explored the relationship between the expression of PPP1R3G and immune infiltration using the TIMER database. We analyzed the relationship between PPP1R3G and methylation using MethSurv database. Results showed that PPP1R3G expression in LUAD tissues was higher than that in normal tissues, and high expression was suggestive of a poor prognosis. Moreover, PPP1R3G expression was positively correlated with the immune infiltration of CD4 + T cells, macrophages, neutrophils, and dendritic cells. PPP1R3G copy number variations also demonstrated remarkable associations with the levels of B cells, CD4 + T cells, macrophages, neutrophils, and dendritic cells. Finally, a PPP1R3G-associated regulatory network was constructed. Overall, PPP1R3G might be a poor prognostic biomarker for LUAD and is associated with tumor immune cell infiltration.Abbreviations: LUAD: Lung adenocarcinoma; PPP1R3G: The protein phosphatase 1 regulatory subunit 3G; OS: overall survival; CI: confidence interval; CNV: copy number variance; HR: Hazard Ratio; ROC: receiver operating characteristic curve; AUC: area under the curve; TCGA: The Cancer Genome Atlas.

15.
Foods ; 10(10)2021 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34681399

RESUMO

A fast, simple and efficient ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography-fluorescence detection (UPLC-FLD) method for the determination of residues of albendazole (ABZ) and its three metabolites, albendazole sulfone (ABZ-SO2), albendazole sulfoxide (ABZ-SO), and albendazole-2-aminosulfone (ABZ-2NH2-SO2), in pig and poultry muscle (chicken, duck and goose) was established. The samples were extracted with ethyl acetate, and the extracts were further subjected to cleanup by utilizing a series of liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) steps. Then, extracts were purified by OASIS® PRiME hydrophilic-lipophilic balance (HLB) solid-phase extraction (SPE) cartridges (60 mg/3 mL). The target compounds were separated on an ACQUITY UPLC® BEH C18 (2.1 mm × 100 mm, 1.7 µm) chromatographic column, using a mobile phase composed of 31% acetonitrile and 69% aqueous solution (containing 0.2% formic acid and 0.05% triethylamine). The limits of detection (LODs) and limits of quantification (LOQs) of the four target compounds in pig and poultry muscle were 0.2-3.8 µg/kg and 1.0-10.9 µg/kg, respectively. The recoveries were all above 80.37% when the muscle samples were spiked with the four target compounds at the LOQ, 0.5 maximum residue limit (MRL), 1.0 MRL, and 2.0 MRL levels. The intraday relative standard deviations (RSDs) were less than 5.11%, and the interday RSDs were less than 6.29%.

16.
Transl Androl Urol ; 10(8): 3476-3485, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34532272

RESUMO

Background: A meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the curative effect of radical cystectomy in the treatment of muscular invasive bladder cancer (MIBC). Methods: Chinese and English databases were searched using free combinations of the terms "bladder cancer," "radical cystectomy," "muscle invasive bladder cancer," and "bladder preservation." Review Manager 5.3 software was used for the meta-analysis. Results: A total of 12 articles were included in the meta-analysis, most of which had low-bias risk and were of medium and high quality. A funnel chart showed that the circles of some studies were basically symmetrical with the midline, suggesting that the research accuracy was high, the publications were not biased, and the final conclusions were credible. Twelve articles analyzed patients' 5-year survival rate in randomized controlled trials (RCTs). In these RCTs, the experimental group (expt group) comprised 775 cases and the control group (ctrl group) comprised 766 cases. A heterogeneity test using the fixed-effects model (FEM) showed Chi2 =2.19, df =11, I2=0%, P=1.00>0.1, Z =2.57, odds ratio (OR) =1.30, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.06-1.59, and P=0.01<0.05. 3 articles analyzed patients' 10-year survival rates in RCTs. These trials comprised a total of 417 patients (209 in the expt group and 208 in the ctrl group). The overall heterogeneity test showed Chi2 =0.40, df =2, I2=0%, P=0.82>0.1, Z =1.42, OR =1.32, 95% CI: 0.90-1.94, and P=0.16>0.05. 6 articles analyzed 5-year distant metastasis rates (DMRs) in RCTs. The overall heterogeneity test showed Chi2 =1.68, df =5, I2=0%, P=0.89>0.1, Z =1.70, OR =1.28, 95% CI: 0.96-1.71, and P=0.09>0.05). Discussion: Our meta-analysis confirmed that radical cystectomy is effective in the treatment of MIBC and is worthy of clinical promotion.

17.
Molecules ; 26(18)2021 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34577155

RESUMO

An innovative, rapid and stable method for simultaneous determination of three tetracycline (oxytetracycline, tetracycline and doxycycline) and two fluoroquinolone (ciprofloxacin and enrofloxacin) residues in poultry eggs by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-fluorescence detection (UPLC-FLD) was established and optimized. The samples were homogenized and extracted with acetonitrile/ultrapure water (90:10, v/v) and then purified by solid-phase extraction (SPE). LC separation was achieved on an ACQUITY UPLC BEH C18 column (1.7 µm, 2.1 mm × 100 mm), and the mobile phase was composed of acetonitrile and a 0.1 mol/L malonic acid solution containing 50 mmol/L magnesium chloride (the pH was adjusted to 5.5 with ammonia). When the five target drugs were spiked at the limit of quantification, 0.5 times the maximum residue limit (MRL), 1.0 MRL and 2.0 MRL, the recoveries were above 83.5% and the precision ranged from 1.99% to 6.24%. These figures of merit complied with the parameter validation regulations of the EU and U.S. FDA. The limits of detection and quantifications of the targets were 0.1-13.4 µg/kg and 0.3-40.1 µg/kg, respectively. The proposed method was easily extended to quantitative analyses of target drug residues in 85 egg samples, thus demonstrating its reliability and applicability.

18.
Chem Asian J ; 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34591366

RESUMO

A photo-switchable hetero-complementary quadruple H-bonding array, which consists of an azobenzene-derived ureidopyrimidinone (UPy) module (Azo-UPy) and a nonphotoactive diamidonaphthyridine (DAN) derivative (Napy-1), is constructed based on a reversible photo-locking approach. Upon UV (390 nm)/Vis (460 nm) light irradiations, photo-switchable quadruple H-bonded dimerization between Azo-UPy and Napy-1 can be achieved with exhibiting 4.8×104 -fold differences in binding strength (ON/OFF ratios). Furthermore, smart polymeric gels with unique photo-controlled macroscopic self-assembly behavior can be fabricated by introducing such quadruple H-bonding array as photo-regulable noncovalent interfacial connections.

19.
Biosaf Health ; 3(5): 238-243, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34518817

RESUMO

Many factors have been identified as having the ability to affect the sensitivity of rapid antigen detection (RAD) tests for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). This study aimed to identify the impact of sample processing on the sensitivity of the RAD tests. We explored the effect of different inactivation methods, viral transport media (VTM) solutions, and sample preservation on the sensitivity of four RAD kits based on two SARS-CoV-2 strains. Compared with non-inactivation, heat inactivation significantly impacted the sensitivity of most RAD kits; however, ß-propiolactone inactivation only had a minor effect. Some of the VTM solutions (VTM2, MANTACC) had a significant influence on the sensitivity of the RAD kits, especially for low viral-loads samples. The detection value of RAD kits was slightly decreased, while most of them were still in the detection range with the extension of preservation time and the increase of freeze-thaw cycles. Our results showed that selecting the appropriate inactivation methods and VTM solutions is necessary during reagent development, performance evaluation, and clinical application.

20.
Environ Pollut ; 291: 118076, 2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34534824

RESUMO

Because the pollutants produced by human activities have destroyed the ecological balance of natural water environment, and caused severe impact on human life safety and environmental security. Hence the task of water environment restoration is imminent. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), structured from organic ligands and inorganic metal ions, are notable for their outstanding crystallinity, diverse structures, large surface areas, adsorption performance, and excellent component tunability. The water stability of MOFs is a key requisite for their possible actual applications in separation, catalysis, adsorption, and other water environment remediation areas because it is necessary to safeguard the integrity of the material structure during utilization. In this article, we comprehensively review state-of-the-art research progress on the promising potential of MOFs as excellent nanomaterials to remove contaminants from the water environment. Firstly, the fundamental characteristics and preparation methods of several typical water-stable MOFs include UiO, MIL, and ZIF are introduced. Then, the removal property and mechanism of heavy metal ions, radionuclide contaminants, drugs, and organic dyes by different MOFs were compared. Finally, the application prospect of MOFs in pollutant remediation prospected. In this review, the synthesis methods and application in water pollutant removal are explored, which provide ways toward the effective use of water-stable MOFs in materials design and environmental remediation.


Assuntos
Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Metais Pesados , Poluentes da Água , Adsorção , Humanos , Água
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