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1.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(8): 9174-9183, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488403

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cytokines play critical roles in the inflammatory processes underlying liver failure. The relevance of interleukin-35 (IL-35), an anti-inflammatory cytokine, in liver failure remains uncharacterized. This study was conducted to investigate whether the IL-35 level in patients with prophase of liver failure (PLF) is associated with prognosis and the possible mechanism of immune regulation for IL-35. METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled 42 patients with PLF at the Department of Infection, First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University between January 2016 and December 2018. Thirty patients with hepatitis and 30 healthy controls were also enrolled. We divide patients with prophase of liver failure into improvement group who recovered quickly (n=33) and deteriorate group who deteriorated to overt liver failure (n=9). Serum IL-35 level was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The ratio of regulatory T cells to T-helper type-17 cells (Treg/Th17) in peripheral blood was determined by flow cytometry. RESULTS: Serum IL-35 level was higher in patients with PLF who showed subsequent improvement than in patients with PLF who showed deterioration to overt liver failure. The Treg/Th17 ratio was higher in patients with PLF who showed improvement than in patients with PLF who developed overt liver failure. The serum IL-35 level and Treg/Th17 ratio were positively correlated in patients with PLF. CONCLUSIONS: High serum IL-35 level is associated with better prognosis in patients with PLF.


Assuntos
Interleucina-17 , Falência Hepática , Humanos , Prófase , Estudos Retrospectivos , Células Th17
2.
Transpl Immunol ; 69: 101462, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34508853

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aggregating the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) Class I antigens on the endothelial membrane has been known to elicit an activation, an underlying mechanism of chronic rejection in organ transplant recipients. The current study aims at examining the endothelial responses using HLA typed microvascular cultures from human adipose tissues upon exposure to the serum that contain corresponding antibodies collected from mismatched transplant recipients. METHODS: We have successfully cultured 30 microvascular cultures and typed their HLAs. They are functionally competent to respond to inflammatory TNF-α stimulation and the aggregating monoclonal antibody against HLA Class I. The post-transplantation serum was collected either from the recipients with pathologically diagnosed chronic rejection or from the recipients without rejection. We determined their activation either by double-staining the endothelial cells in crude cultures with flow cytometry or by quantifying cytokine releases in purified endothelial cells using ELISA. RESULTS: Under our current protocol, adipose tissue cultures are functionally intact in regard to its responses to TNF-alpha and anti-HLA Class I antibody. We observed that the post-transplantation serum with rejection contained the pathogenic antibodies and led to proinflammatory activation, as demonstrated by not only increased CD54+/CD31+ and CD106+/CD31+ cell counts but also inflammatory cytokine releases including MCP-1, IL-8 and RANTES. CONCLUSION: This methodological study provides the feasibility of examining the pathogenicity of the alloantibodies in mis-transplant serum. Potentially, the endothelial activation elicited as a result of exposure can be used as an alternative readout for chronic rejection. SIGNIFICANCE: We prototype an ex vivo model that enables us to examine whether allogenic antibodies from the recipient can functionally activate microvascular endothelial cells from the donor adipose tissues. This system can be further developed as crossmatch using cellular responses as readouts for chronic rejection for post-transplant surveillance.

3.
IEEE Trans Med Imaging ; PP2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520352

RESUMO

Biomedical microscopy images with high-resolution (HR) and axial information can help analysis and diagnosis. However, obtaining such images usually takes more time and economic costs, which makes it impractical in most scenarios. In this paper, we first propose a novel Self-texture Transfer Super-resolution and Refocusing Network (STSRNet) to reconstruct HR multi-focal plane (MFP) images from a single 2D low-resolution (LR) wide filed image without relying on scanning or any special devices. The proposed STSRNet consists of three parts: the backbone module for extracting features, the self-texture transfer module for transferring and fusing features, and the flexible reconstruction module for SR and refocusing. Specifically, the self-texture transfer module is designed for images with self-similarity such as cytological images and it searches for similar textures within the image and transfers to help MFP reconstruction. As for reconstruction module, it is composed of multiple pluggable components, each of which is responsible for a specific focal plane, so as to performs SR and refocusing all focal planes at one time to reduce computation. We conduct extensive experiments on cytological images and the experiments show that MFP images reconstructed by STSRNet have richer details in the axial and horizontal directions than input images. At the same time, the reconstructed MFP images also perform better than single 2D wide field images on high-level tasks. The proposed method provides relatively high-quality MFP images when real MFP images cannot be obtained, which greatly expands the application potential of LR wide-field images. To further promote the development of this filed, we released our cytology dataset named RSDC for more researchers to use.

4.
BMC Genomics ; 22(1): 664, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521344

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Root hair, a special type of tubular-shaped cell, outgrows from root epidermal cell and plays important roles in the acquisition of nutrients and water, as well as interactions with biotic and abiotic stress. Although many genes involved in root hair development have been identified, genetic basis of natural variation in root hair growth has never been explored. RESULTS: Here, we utilized a maize association panel including 281 inbred lines with tropical, subtropical, and temperate origins to decipher the phenotypic diversity and genetic basis of root hair length. We demonstrated significant associations of root hair length with many metabolic pathways and other agronomic traits. Combining root hair phenotypes with 1.25 million single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) via genome-wide association study (GWAS) revealed several candidate genes implicated in cellular signaling, polar growth, disease resistance and various metabolic pathways. CONCLUSIONS: These results illustrate the genetic basis of root hair length in maize, offering a list of candidate genes predictably contributing to root hair growth, which are invaluable resource for the future functional investigation.

5.
Mol Hum Reprod ; 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34524457

RESUMO

Endometrial receptivity is crucial for successful embryo implantation It is regulated by multiple factors which include ovarian steroid hormones and the immune microenvironment among others. Nod Like Receptor Pyrins-3 (NLRP3) is a key intracellular pattern-recognition receptor and a critical component of the inflammasome, which plays an essential role in the development of inflammation and of immune responses. However, the physiological functions of NLRP3 in the endometrium remain largely unclear. This study investigated the physiological and pathological significance of NLRP3 in human endometrial epithelial cell during the implantation window. NLRP3 is highly expressed during the mid-proliferative and mid-secretory phases of the human endometrium and transcriptionally up-regulated by estradiol (E2) through estrogen receptor ß (ERß). In addition, NLRP3 promotes embryo implantation and enhances epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of Ishikawa (IK) cells via both inflammasome-dependent and inflammasome-independent pathways, which might provide a novel insight into endometrial receptivity and embryo implantation. Our findings suggest that NLRP3, which is transcriptionally regulated by E2, induces epithelial-mesenchymal transition of endometrial epithelial cells and promotes embryo adhesion.

6.
Environ Res ; 204(Pt A): 111943, 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34478725

RESUMO

As one of the main pollutants of water pollution, the potential toxicity of heavy metal ions always threatens the safety of human and nature. Therefore, how to effectively remove heavy metal ions has become an important research topic in environmental protection. In the existing research, adsorption method is outstanding from many methods because of its high adsorption efficiency and easy operation. In this study, different generations of hyperbranched polyamide-amine (PAMAM) were grafted onto PVDF membrane to obtain the membrane with high adsorption capacity for heavy metal ions. The structure and physicochemical properties of the membranes were evaluated by means of fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), element analyzer and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (EDX). At the same time, various factors affecting the adsorption process were studied, and it was found that the adsorption behavior of copper ion (Cu2+) on the membrane conformed to the pseudo-first-order kinetic model and Langmuir isotherm model. Moreover, after comparing the adsorption effect of the modified membranes grafted with different generations of PAMAM, it was found that the membrane grafted with the third generation PAMAM had the best adsorption when the solution pH was 5, and its maximum adsorption capacity could reach 153.8 mg/g. After five adsorption-desorption cycles, its adsorption capacity can reach 72.83% of the first test, indicating that it has good recycling performance. The results show that the adsorption membrane has good application potential and research value.

7.
J Int Med Res ; 49(9): 3000605211042503, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515575

RESUMO

The effects of increasing blood flow on the pathogenic wall shear stress (pWSS) of subclavian arteries (SAs) are currently unclear. Patient-specific models of the SA were constructed based on computed tomographic images from two patients. Using the Ansys Fluent 19.0 transient laminar flow solver, the finite volume method was chosen to solve the Navier-Stokes equation governing fluid behavior. The time-averaged wall shear stress, ratio of risk area, cumulative ratio of risk area (P¯), ratio of risk time, and ratio contour of risk time were calculated to describe the temporal and spatial distributions of pWSS. Virtually all pWSS occurred during the diastolic phase. The P¯ was 2.3 and 1.29 times higher on the left than on the right in Patients 1 (P1) and 2 (P2), respectively. Increasing the blood flow volume of the left SA by 20%, 40%, and 60% led to a 9.27%, 15.10%, and 20.99% decrease in P¯ for P1 and a 5.74%, 11.55%, and 17.14% decrease in P¯ for P2, respectively, compared with baseline values. In conclusion, the left SA showed greater diastolic pWSS than the right SA, and increasing the blood flow volume reduced the pWSS in the left SA.

8.
Metabolism ; : 154874, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517014

RESUMO

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: We aimed to evaluate the effect of NAFLD on the risk of incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)-based chronic kidney disease (CKD), and further test the joint effects and interactions between NAFLD status and individual metabolic element, as well as the total 'ABCs' metabolic goal achievement, on the CVD and CKD risk among 101,296 patients with prediabetes or diabetes from a prospective cohort study. METHODS: We conducted the study based on the China Cardiometabolic Disease and Cancer Cohort (4C) study, a large-scale, population-based prospective cohort. After excluding alcohol abuse and other cause of hepatic diseases, we used fatty liver index (FLI) ≥ 60 as a proxy of NAFLD and stratified the probability of fibrosis by aspartate transaminase / alanine transaminase ratio (AAR) with cut-offs of 0.8 and 1.4. 'ABCs' metabolic goal was defined as subjects who had HbA1c < 6.5% (A), SBP/DBP < 130/80 mmHg (B), and LDL-C < 100 mg/dL (C). During 3.8 years follow-up, we validated 2,340 CVD events based on medical records and identified 1,943 participants developed CKD based on centrally tested eGFR. RESULTS: The multivariable adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) were 1.15 (95% confidence interval (CI), 1.05-1.27) for CVD events and 1.33 (95% CI, 1.20-1.48) for CKD among NAFLD patients, compared with participants without NAFLD. Of NAFLD patients, relative to individuals with low AAR (< 0.8), those with high AAR (≥ 1.4) were more likely to experience CVD events [1.62 (1.21-2.18)] and CKD [1.63 (1.17-2.28)]. Participants with NAFLD and comorbid poorly controlled metabolic risk factors had higher risk of CVD events or CKD than having either alone, with a significant interaction between poor glycemic control and NAFLD on the risk of vascular complications. CONCLUSIONS: NAFLD was associated with incident CVD and CKD among patients with prediabetes or diabetes. Such associations were substantially modified by the comprehensive achievement of metabolic goal.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34501843

RESUMO

To investigate the associations between body fat percentage (BF%) with childhood blood pressure (BP) levels and elevated BP (EBP) risks, and further examine the validity of bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), we conducted a cross-sectional study of 1426 children and adolescents aged 7-17 years in Beijing, 2020. EBP, including elevated systolic BP (ESBP) and elevated diastolic BP (EDBP), was defined based on the age- and sex-specific 90th BP reference values of children and adolescents in China. BF% was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) and BIA devices, and was divided into four quartiles. Log-binomial models were applied to calculate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI). Girls tended to have higher BF% levels than boys (p < 0.05). There was 41.0% of girls who developed EBP. High BF% was associated with increased BP levels with ORs of 0.364 (95%CI = 0.283-0.444) for SBP, 0.112 (95%CI = 0.059-0.165) for DBP, and 1.043 (95%CI = 1.027-1.059) for EBP, while the effects were more pronounced in girls and older-aged children. BIA devices agreed well with BF% assessment obtained by DEXA. High BF% might have negative effects on childhood BP. Convenient measurements of body fat might help to assess childhood obesity and potential risks of hypertension.

11.
Adv Mater ; : e2103376, 2021 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34510567

RESUMO

Memristor crossbar with programmable conductance could overcome the energy consumption and speed limitations of neural networks when executing core computing tasks in image processing. However, the implementation of crossbar array (CBA) based on ultrathin 2D materials is hindered by challenges associated with large-scale material synthesis and device integration. Here, a memristor CBA is demonstrated using wafer-scale (2-inch) polycrystalline hafnium diselenide (HfSe2 ) grown by molecular beam epitaxy, and a metal-assisted van der Waals transfer technique. The memristor exhibits small switching voltage (0.6 V), low switching energy (0.82 pJ), and simultaneously achieves emulation of synaptic weight plasticity. Furthermore, the CBA enables artificial neural network with a high recognition accuracy of 93.34%. Hardware multiply-and-accumulate (MAC) operation with a narrow error distribution of 0.29% is also demonstrated, and a high power efficiency of greater than 8-trillion operations per second per Watt is achieved. Based on the MAC results, hardware convolution image processing can be performed using programmable kernels (i.e., soft, horizontal, and vertical edge enhancement), which constitutes a vital function for neural network hardware.

12.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2101991, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34514733

RESUMO

Intermittent fasting (IF), as a dietary intervention for weight loss, takes effects primarily through increasing energy expenditure. However, whether inter-organ systems play a key role in IF remains unclear. Here, a novel hepatokine, pregnancy zone protein (PZP) is identified, which has significant induction during the refeeding stage of IF. Further, loss of function studies and protein therapeutic experiment in mice revealed that PZP promotes diet-induced thermogenesis through activating brown adipose tissue (BAT). Mechanistically, circulating PZP can bind to cell surface glucose-regulated protein of 78 kDa (GRP78) to promote uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) expression via a p38 MAPK-ATF2 signaling pathway in BAT. These studies illuminate a systemic regulation in which the IF promotes BAT thermogenesis through the endocrinal system and provide a novel potential target for treating obesity and related disorders.

13.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 16: 5755-5776, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34471351

RESUMO

Background: Glioma is the most common primary malignant brain tumor with a dreadful overall survival and high mortality. One of the most difficult challenges in clinical treatment is that most drugs hardly pass through the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and achieve efficient accumulation at tumor sites. Thus, to circumvent this hurdle, developing an effectively traversing BBB drug delivery nanovehicle is of significant clinical importance. Rabies virus glycoprotein (RVG) is a derivative peptide that can specifically bind to nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) widely overexpressed on BBB and glioma cells for the invasion of rabies virus into the brain. Inspired by this, RVG has been demonstrated to potentiate drugs across the BBB, promote the permeability, and further enhance drug tumor-specific selectivity and penetration. Methods: Here, we used the RVG15, rescreened from the well-known RVG29, to develop a brain-targeted liposome (RVG15-Lipo) for enhanced BBB permeability and tumor-specific delivery of paclitaxel (PTX). The paclitaxel-cholesterol complex (PTX-CHO) was prepared and then actively loaded into liposomes to acquire high entrapment efficiency (EE) and fine stability. Meanwhile, physicochemical properties, in vitro and in vivo delivery efficiency and therapeutic effect were investigated thoroughly. Results: The particle size and zeta potential of PTX-CHO-RVG15-Lipo were 128.15 ± 1.63 nm and -15.55 ± 0.78 mV, respectively. Compared with free PTX, PTX-CHO-RVG15-Lipo exhibited excellent targeting efficiency and safety in HBMEC and C6 cells, and better transport efficiency across the BBB in vitro model. Furthermore, PTX-CHO-RVG15-Lipo could noticeably improve the accumulation of PTX in the brain, and then promote the chemotherapeutic drugs penetration in C6luc orthotopic glioma based on in vivo imaging assays. The in vivo antitumor results indicated that PTX-CHO-RVG15-Lipo significantly inhibited glioma growth and metabasis, therefore improved survival rate of tumor-bearing mice with little adverse effect. Conclusion: Our study demonstrated that the RVG15 was a promising brain-targeted specific ligands owing to the superior BBB penetration and tumor targeting ability. Based on the outstanding therapeutic effect both in vitro and in vivo, PTX-CHO-RVG15-Lipo was proved to be a potential delivery system for PTX to treat glioma in clinic.

14.
Oncologist ; 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34476870

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In geriatric oncology, polypharmacy is often assessed during a comprehensive geriatric assessment. Previous studies about its association with survival among colorectal cancer (CRC) patients were inconclusive and had high risk for indication bias. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cohort study was conducted with 3,239 CRC patients, aged ≥65 years, who were recruited in Germany between 2003 and 2016 while being hospitalized for CRC surgery. We defined polypharmacy as concurrent use of 5 or more drugs, and excessive polypharmacy (EPP) as concurrent use of 8 or more drugs. Cox proportional hazards regression models were performed to assess the associations of polypharmacy with 5-year overall (OS), CRC specific (CSS), and non-cancer specific survival (NCS) with rigorous adjustment for morbidity to minimize indication bias (e.g., for cancer stage, functional status, and 13 common diseases/conditions). RESULTS: The prevalence of polypharmacy was 54.7% and that of EPP was 24.2%. During up to 5 years of follow-up, 1,070 participants died among whom 615 died of CRC and 296 died of other causes than cancer. EPP was statistically significantly associated with poorer up to 5-year OS (hazard ratio (HR) [95% CI]: 1.23 [1.02-1.47]) and CSS (1.31 [1.03-1.68]). HR point estimate for NCS was higher than 1 (1.22) but not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Polypharmacy was very common and EPP was a weak risk factor for mortality in this large cohort of older CRC patients. Clinical trials are needed to address the causality of this relationship because older CRC patients might benefit from de-prescribing drugs without an indication. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The results of our study support the hypothesis that excessive polypharmacy, defined as use of 8 or more concurrently used active substances, has a negative impact on older colorectal cancer (CRC) patients' prognosis. Our study suggests to oncologists that performing a medication review for older CRC patients with 8 drugs or more is indicated (especially when a broader comprehensive geriatric assessment is being performed). Such a medication review should not only focus on reducing the number of medications (by de-prescribing drugs without an indication) but should also check the appropriateness of indicated drugs for older (cancer) patients.

15.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477268

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Levodopa is the most-commonly used therapy for Parkinson's Disease (PD). Imaging findings show increased cerebral blood flow (CBF) response to levodopa, but the artery morphological change is less studied. PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of levodopa on cerebral arteries and CBF. STUDY TYPE: Prospective. POPULATION: 57 PD patients (56 ± 10 years, 26 males) and 17 age-matched healthy controls (AMC, 57 ± 9 years, 9 males) were scanned at baseline (OFF). Patients were rescanned 50 minutes after taking levodopa (ON). FIELD STRENGTH AND SEQUENCE: 3 T; Simultaneous noncontrast angiography intraplaque imaging (SNAP) based on turbo field echo; Pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling (PCASL) based on echo-planner imaging. ASSESSMENT: The Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS-III) was used to assess the disease severity. Length and radius of arteries were measured from SNAP images. CBF was calculated from PCASL images globally and regionally. STATISTICAL TESTS: Mann Whitney U tests were conducted in comparing PD vs. AMC. Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed rank tests were used in comparing OFF vs. ON, and the more-affected vs. the less-affected hemisphere in PD. Linear regressions were performed to test the correlations of neuroimaging findings with behavioral changes. Significance threshold was P < 0.05 with Bonferroni correction. RESULTS: PD patients were identified with significantly lower CBF (PD OFF Mean = 40.15 ± 5.99, AMC Mean = 43.48 ± 6.21 mL/100 g/min) and shortened total artery length (PD OFF Mean = 5851.07 ± 1393.45, AMC Mean = 7479.16 ± 1335.93 mm). Levodopa elevated CBF of PD brains (PD ON Mean = 41.48 ± 6.32 mL/100 g/min) and expanded radius of proximal arteries. Artery radius change significantly correlated with CBF change in corresponding territories (r = 0.559 for Internal Carotid Arteries, r = 0.448 for Basilar Artery, and r = 0.464 for Middle Cerebral Artery M1). Global CBF significantly related to UPDRS-III (r = -0.391) post-levodopa. DATA CONCLUSION: Levodopa can increase CBF by dilating proximal arteries. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 1 TECHNICAL EFFICACY STAGE: 4.

16.
Gastric Cancer ; 2021 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480657

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The phase 3 ATTRACTION-2 study demonstrated that nivolumab monotherapy was superior to placebo for patients with pretreated advanced gastric or gastroesophageal junction cancer, but early progression of tumors in some patients was of concern. METHODS: This post hoc analysis statistically explored the baseline characteristics of the ATTRACTION-2 patients and extracted a single-factor and double-factor combinations associated with early disease progression or early death. In the extracted patient subgroups, the 3-year restricted mean survival times of progression-free survival and overall survival were compared between the nivolumab and placebo arms. RESULTS: Two single factors (age and peritoneal metastasis) were extracted as independent predictors of early progression, but none of them, as a single factor, stratified patients into two subgroups with significant differences in restricted mean survival time. In contrast, two double-factor combinations (serum sodium level and white blood cell count; serum sodium level and neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio) stratifying patients into two subgroups with significant differences in the restricted mean survival time were extracted. Additional exploratory analysis of a triple-factor combination showed that patients aged < 60 years with peritoneal metastasis and low serum sodium levels (approximately 7% of all patients) might receive less benefit from nivolumab, and patients aged ≥ 60 years with no peritoneal metastasis and normal serum sodium levels might receive higher benefit. CONCLUSIONS: A combination of age, peritoneal metastasis, and serum sodium level might predict benefit from nivolumab as salvage therapy in advanced gastric or gastroesophageal junction cancer patients, especially less benefit for patients having all three risk factors.

17.
J Toxicol Sci ; 46(9): 413-423, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34470993

RESUMO

An increased susceptibility to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in female rat offspring that experienced prenatal ethanol exposure (PEE) has been previously demonstrated. The present study further investigated the potential mechanism. Based on the results from both fetal and adult studies of offspring rats that experienced PEE (4 g/kg/day), the fetal weight, serum glucose and triglyceride levels decreased significantly and hepatocellular ultra-structure was altered. Fetal livers exhibited inhibited expression and activity of sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), enhanced expression of lipogenic genes: sterol regulatory element binding protein 1c (SREBP1c), fatty acid synthase (FASN), acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase α (ACCα), stearyl-coenzyme A desaturase 1 (SCD1). In adult offspring fed with high-fat diet, the PEE offspring revealed obviously catch-up growth, increased food intake, elevated serum metabolic phenotypes, suppressed hepatic SIRT1-SREBP1c pathway, and formation of NAFLD. Resveratrol (the chemical activator of SIRT1) could remarkably reverse the serum metabolic phenotypes and alleviate the hepatocyte steatosis in relation to the PEE offspring through activating the hepatic SIRT1-SREBP1c pathway. Therefore, increased susceptibility to diet-induced NAFLD in PEE offspring appears to be mediated by intrauterine programming of hepatic lipogenesis via the SIRT1-SREBP1c pathway. This altered programming effect could partially be reversed by resveratrol intervention after birth in PEE offspring rats.

18.
J Integr Plant Biol ; 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34473403

RESUMO

Translational control of gene expression, including recruitment of ribosomes to mRNA, is particularly important during the response to stress. Purification of ribosome-associated mRNAs using Translating Ribosome Affinity Purification (TRAP) followed by RNA-sequencing facilitates the study of mRNAs undergoing active transcription and better proxies the translatome, or protein response, to stimuli. To identify plant responses to Magnesium (Mg) deficiency at the translational level, we combined transcriptome and translatome analyses. Excitingly, we found 26 previously unreported Mg-responsive genes that were only regulated at the translational level and not the transcriptional level, during the early response to Mg deficiency. In addition, mutants of the transcription factor ELONGATED HYPOCOTYL 5 (HY5), the H+ /cation exchanger 1 and 3 (CAX1 and CAX3), and UBIQUITIN 11 (UBQ11) exhibited early chlorosis phenotype under Mg deficiency, supporting their functional involvement in ion homeostasis. Overall, our study strongly supports that TRAP-seq combined with RNA-seq followed by phenotype screening could facilitate the identification of novel players during stress responses. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(35): e27136, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477164

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses is a rare but aggressive neoplasm with a poor prognosis and a strong propensity for regional recurrence and distant metastasis. Diagnosis is challenging and relies on immunohistochemical study. Treatment includes surgical resection, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these modalities. However, the optimal therapeutic strategy is still controversial. Due to its rarity, the complexity of the histological diagnosis, and the variety of the treatment regimens, we presented a case of primary small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma in the nasal cavity with description of the clinical manifestation, pathology features, and our treatment regimen. PATIENT CONCERNS: An 82-year-old female patient with hypertension presented with right epistaxis on and off with nasal obstruction for several days. DIAGNOSIS: An exophytic mass over the posterior end of the right inferior turbinate was found on nasopharyngoscope. Biopsy was done and the pathology confirmed small cell carcinoma, strongly positive for cytokeratin (AE1/AE3) and insulinoma-associated protein 1 (INSM-1), scatteredly positive for chromogranin A, synaptophysin and CD56. The final diagnosis was small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of right nasal cavity, pT1N0M0, stage I. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent wide excision of right intra-nasal tumor and post-operative radiotherapy with a dose of 6600 cGy in 33 fractions. OUTCOMES: No local recurrence or distant metastasis was noted during the 12 months of follow-up. LESSONS: Multimodality treatment remains the most common therapeutic strategy, although no proven algorithm has been established due to the rarity of this disease. Further investigation is needed for providing evidence to standardize the treatment protocol.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/patologia , Cavidade Nasal/patologia , Neoplasias Nasais/patologia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/radioterapia , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Nasais/radioterapia , Neoplasias Nasais/cirurgia
20.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 20: 15330338211036325, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34490802

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In radiotherapy, geometric indices are often used to evaluate the accuracy of contouring. However, the ability of geometric indices to identify the error of contouring results is limited primarily because they do not consider the clinical background. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between geometric and clinical dosimetric indices. METHODS: Four different types of targets were selected (C-shaped target, oropharyngeal cancer, metastatic spine cancer, and prostate cancer), and the translation, scaling, rotation, and sine function transformation were performed with the software Python to introduce systematic and random errors. The transformed contours were regarded as reference contours. Dosimetric indices were obtained from the original dose distribution of the radiotherapy plan. The correlations between geometric and dosimetric indices were quantified by linear regression. RESULTS: The correlations between the geometric and dosimetric indices were inconsistent. For systematic errors, and with the exception of the sine function transformation (R2: 0.023-0.04, P > 0.05), the geometric transformations of the C-shaped target were correlated with the D98% and Dmean (R2: 0.689-0.988), 80% of which were P < 0.001. For the random errors, the correlations obtained by the all targets were R2 > 0.384, P < 0.05. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to compare the spatial direction resolution capability of geometric indices in different directions of the C-shaped target (with systematic errors), and the results showed only the volumetric geometric indices with P < 0.05. CONCLUSIONS: Clinically, an assessment of the contour accuracy of the region-of-interest is not feasible based on geometric indices alone. Dosimetric indices should be added to the evaluations of the accuracy of the delineation results, which can be helpful for explaining the clinical dose response relationship of delineation more comprehensively and accurately.

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