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1.
Bioact Mater ; 20: 259-270, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35702611

RESUMO

Rationale: Hypoxia in tumor microenvironment (TME) represents an obstacle to the efficacy of immunotherapy for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) through several aspects such as increasing the expression of immune checkpoints or promoting fibrosis. Reversing hypoxic TME is a potential strategy to improve the validity of immune checkpoint blockade (ICB). Methods: Here, we synthesized polydopamine-nanoparticle-stabilized oxygen microcapsules with excellent stabilization, bioavailability, and biocompatibility for direct oxygen delivery into tumor sites by interfacial polymerization. Results: We observed oxygen microcapsules enhanced the oxygen concentration in the hypoxia environment and maintained the oxygen concentration for a long period both in vitro and in vivo. We found that oxygen microcapsules could significantly improve the efficiency of ICB against PDAC in vivo. Mechanismly, combined treatments using oxygen microcapsules and ICB could reduce the infiltration of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) and polarized pro-tumor M2 macrophages into anti-tumor M1 macrophages. In addition, combined treatments could elevate the proportion of T helper subtype 1 cells (Th1 cells) and cytotoxic T lymphocytes cells (CTLs) to mediate anti-tumor immune response in TME. Conclusion: In summary, this pre-clinical study indicated that reversing hypoxia in TME by using oxygen microcapsules was an effective strategy to improve the performances of ICB on PDAC, which holds great potential for treating PDAC in the future.

2.
Mol Cell Biochem ; 2022 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36083512

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma, as a common liver cirrhosis complication, has become the sixth most common cancer worldwide, and its increasing incidence has resulted in considerable medical and economic burdens. As a natural polyphenolic compound, kaempferol has exhibits a wide range of antitumor activities against multiple cancer targets. In this study, the Autodock software was used for molecular docking to simulate the interaction process between kaempferol and HCC targets and the PyMOL software was used for visualization. Proliferation of kaempferol HepG2 cells under the effect of kaempferol was detected using Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, and the apoptosis rate of HepG2 cells was detected using flow cytometry. The expressions of proteins BAX, CDK1, and JUN protein expressions were detected by Western blot. Molecular docking found that the kaempferol ligand has 3 rotatable bonds, 6 nonpolar hydrogen atoms, and 12 aromatic carbon atoms, and can form complexes with the kaempferol targets P53, BAX, AR, CDK1, and JUN through electrostatic energy. GO (Gene Ontology) enrichment analysis suggests that kaempferol regulates the biological function of hepatocellular carcinoma cells and is related to apoptosis. Cell Counting Kit-8 assay suggested that Kaempferol can significantly inhibited HepG2 cell proliferation, and the inhibition rate increased with the increase in drug concentration and incubation time. Moreover, kaempferol can promoted HepG2 cell apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. This compound upregulated BAX and JUN expression and downregulated CDK1 expression. Thus, Kaempferol can promote HepG2 cell apoptosis, and the regulatory mechanism may be related to the regulation of the expression levels of the apoptosis-related proteins BAX, CDK1, and JUN.

3.
NPJ Precis Oncol ; 6(1): 63, 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36068285

RESUMO

Molecular profiling of childhood CNS tumors is critical for diagnosis and clinical management, yet tissue access is restricted due to the sensitive tumor location. We developed a targeted deep sequencing platform to detect tumor driver mutations, copy number variations, and heterogeneity in the liquid biome. Here, we present the sensitivity, specificity, and clinical relevance of our minimally invasive platform for tumor mutation profiling in children diagnosed with CNS cancer.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36070149

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (UG-FNAB) was implemented in Qilu Hospital of Shandong University in 2015 as a preoperative diagnostic method for thyroid surgery. BRAF p.V600E genetic testing was implemented in 2019. This study evaluated the impact of these two tests on the malignancy rate in patients undergoing thyroidectomy. METHODS: A total of 19,496 patients were included in the study. We retrospectively collected data from patients undergoing thyroid surgery in the Hospital Information System (HIS) of Qilu Hospital of Shandong University from January 2012 to December 2021. Meanwhile, data of FNAB, UG-FNAB, and BRAF p.V600E genetic testing were collected. Differences in means among groups were analyzed via one-way ANOVA, and differences in frequencies were analyzed via Pearson's chi-squared test. RESULTS: In this study, the 10-year period was divided into three stages, with the implementation of UG-FNAB in 2015 and that of BRAF p.V600E genetic testing in 2019 as dividing lines. The malignancy rate in thyroid surgery increased significantly during these three stages (48.06% vs. 73.47% vs. 88.17%; P < 0.001). In the same period (May 2019 to December 2021), the malignancy rate in thyroid surgery was significantly different between the Non-FNAB, UG-FNAB, and UG-FNAB-BRAF groups (78.87% vs. 95.63% vs. 98.32%; P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The successful implementation of UG-FNAB and BRAF p.V600E genetic testing improved the malignancy rate in thyroid surgery and reduced unnecessary diagnostic surgery for benign and marginal lesions. It can, therefore, provide a clinical reference for other hospitals.

5.
Cell Stem Cell ; 29(9): 1366-1381.e9, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36055192

RESUMO

Although disrupted bile acid (BA) homeostasis is implicated in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), the role of hepatic BA metabolism in the pathogenesis of colitis is poorly understood. Here, we found that cholic acid (CA) levels were increased in patients and mice. Cytochrome P450 8B1 (CYP8B1), which synthesizes CA, was induced in livers of colitic mice. CA-treated or liver Cyp8b1-overexpressing mice developed more severe colitis with compromised repair of the mucosal barrier, whereas Cyp8b1-knockout mice were resistant to colitis. Mechanistically, CA inhibited peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα), resulting in impeded fatty acid oxidation (FAO) and impaired Lgr5+ intestinal stem cell (ISC) renewal. A PPARα agonist restored FAO and improved Lgr5+ ISC function. Activation of the farnesoid X receptor (FXR) suppressed liver CYP8B1 expression and ameliorated colitis in mice. This study reveals a connection between the hepatic CYP8B1-CA axis and colitis via regulating intestinal epithelial regeneration, suggesting that BA-based strategies might be beneficial in IBD treatment.


Assuntos
Colite , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Animais , Ácidos e Sais Biliares , Autorrenovação Celular , Ácido Cólico/metabolismo , Ácido Cólico/farmacologia , Colite/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , PPAR alfa/genética , PPAR alfa/metabolismo , Receptores Citoplasmáticos e Nucleares/metabolismo , Esteroide 12-alfa-Hidroxilase/genética , Esteroide 12-alfa-Hidroxilase/metabolismo
7.
World J Clin Cases ; 10(20): 6974-6980, 2022 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36051109

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brain tumors are the most common solid tumors in children and comprise 25% of all malignancies in children. Common presentations include headache, nausea and vomiting, gait abnormality, papilledema, and epileptic seizure; however, some symptoms can be very insidious, with atypical and misleading manifestations. CASE SUMMARY: Here, we report a 7-year-old boy who presented with recurrent cyanosis and tachypnea after exercise for 2 years. His body mass index was 26.43 kg/m2. Hepatosplenomegaly, blood gas analysis, biochemical parameters, chest computed tomography scan, and echocardiograph suggested type II respiratory failure, pulmonary heart disease, and mild liver injury. Non-invasive breathing support, antibiotics, and anti-heart failure therapy were given. The patient's pulse oxygen saturation increased to over 95% when he was awake but dropped to 50%-60%, accompanied by cyanosis, during sleep while receiving high-flow nasal cannula oxygen. Sleep-related breathing disorder was suspected. In the intensive care unit, however, polysomnography was unavailable. Brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed a space-occupying (cerebellum and brainstem) lesion, which was later confirmed to be pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma by surgery and histopathology by tissue biopsy. CONCLUSION: When treating patients with cyanosis and tachypnea, a broad differential diagnosis should be considered, including brain tumor.

8.
Comput Struct Biotechnol J ; 20: 4360-4368, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36051871

RESUMO

The morphology of the cervical cell nucleus is the most important consideration for pathological cell identification. And a precise segmentation of the cervical cell nucleus determines the performance of the final classification for most traditional algorithms and even some deep learning-based algorithms. Many deep learning-based methods can accurately segment cervical cell nuclei but will cost lots of time, especially when dealing with the whole-slide image (WSI) of tens of thousands of cells. To address this challenge, we propose a dual-supervised sampling network structure, in which a supervised-down sampling module uses compressed images instead of original images for cell nucleus segmentation, and a boundary detection network is introduced to supervise the up-sampling process of the decoding layer for accurate segmentation. This strategy dramatically reduces the convolution calculation in image feature extraction and ensures segmentation accuracy. Experimental results on various cervical cell datasets demonstrate that compared with UNet, the inference speed of the proposed network is increased by 5 times without losing segmentation accuracy. The codes and datasets are available at https://github.com/ldrunning/DSSNet.

9.
Front Physiol ; 13: 950619, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36051914

RESUMO

The intermittent fasting regimen (IFR) has been certified as an effective strategy for improving metabolism. But the underlying mechanism is still obscure. Beige induction in white adipose tissue (WAT) by IFR may account for this. It has been demonstrated that the erupting of pregnancy zone protein (PZP) from the liver coincides with membrane translocation of grp78 in brown adipocytes during IFR to activate brown adipose tissue (BAT), which may partly explain the metabolic benefits of IFR. Liver-derived PZP appears to be responsible for all metabolic regulatory functions; the effect of boosting energy expenditure disappeared in liver-deficient mice. To verify whether any liver-specific modification was essential for functional PZP, we used the PZP adipose tissue-specific overexpression mice model (PZP TG). We found that the metabolic disorders induced by high-fat diet were improved in PZP TG mice under IFR. Additionally, in addition to the activation of BAT, UCP1 protein and angiogenesis were increased in WAT, as well as the expression of genes associated with glucose utilization. These results demonstrate that PZP fat-specific TG increased the energy conversion of WAT, indicating that WAT may be another direct target for PZP during IFR.

10.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36050518

RESUMO

Artemisinin and its derivatives are the well-known anti-malarial drugs derived from a traditional Chinese medicine. In addition to antimalarial, artemisinin and its derivatives possess distinguished anti-cancer, anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-viral activities, but the poor solubility and low bioavailability hinder their clinical application. In the last decades a series of new water-soluble and oil-soluble derivatives were synthesized. Among them, we have found a water-soluble derivative ß-aminoarteether maleate (SM934) that exhibits outstanding suppression on lymphocytes proliferation in immunosuppressive capacity and cytotoxicity screening assays with 35-fold higher potency than dihydroartemisinin. SM934 displays significant therapeutic effects on various autoimmune and inflammatory diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus, antiphospholipid syndrome nephropathy, membranous nephropathy, rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, inflammatory bowel disease, and dry eye disease. Here, we summarize the immunomodulatory effects, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative and anti-fibrosis activities of SM934 in disease-relevant animal models and present the probable pharmacological mechanisms involved in its therapeutic efficacy. This review also delineates a typical example of natural product-based drug discovery, which might further vitalize natural product exploration and development in pharmacotherapy.

11.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36048191

RESUMO

Circulating tumor cells (CTCs), which have extremely low density in whole blood, are an important indicator of primary tumor metastasis. Isolation and enumeration of these cells are critical for clinical applications. Separation of CTCs from massive blood cells without labeling and addition of synthetic polymers is challenging. Herein, a novel well-defined co-flow microfluidic device is presented and used to separate CTCs in viscous blood by applying both inertial and viscoelastic forces. Diluted blood without any synthetic polymer and buffer solution were used as viscoelastic fluid and Newtonian fluid, respectively, and they were co-flowed in the designed chip to form a sheath flow. The co-flow system provides the function of particle pre-focusing and creates a tunable shear rate region at the interface to adjust the migration of particles or cells from the sample solution to the buffer solution. Successful separation of CTCs from viscous blood was demonstrated and enumeration was also conducted by image recognition after separation. The statistical results indicated that a recovery rate of cancer cells greater than 87% was obtained using the developed method, which proved that the direct separation of CTCs from diluted blood can be achieved without the addition of any synthetic polymer to prepare viscoelastic fluid. This method holds great promise for the separation of cells in viscous biological fluid without either complicated channel structures or the addition of synthetic polymers.

12.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 42(9): 991-4, 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36075594

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical efficacy of scraping needling technique combined with western medication and simple western medication for neurogenic tinnitus of kidney essence deficiency. METHODS: A total of 68 patients with neurogenic tinnitus of kidney essence deficiency were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 34 cases in each group. In the control group, oral methylcobalamin tablets were given, 0.5 mg each time, 3 times a day; oral flunarizine hydrochloride capsules were given before bed, 5 mg each time, once a day, 4 weeks in total. On the basis of the treatment as the control group, scraping needling technique was applied at Tinghui (GB 2), Yifeng (TE 17), Yangchi (TE 4) on the affected side and Shenshu (BL 23), Lieque (LU 7), 5 min each acupoint, once a day, 5 times a week for 4 weeks. Before treatment, 2, 4 weeks into treatment and 4 weeks after treatment (follow-up), the tinnitus severity score, tinnitus visual analogue scale (VAS) score and pure tone average (PTA) were observed, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated in the two groups. RESULTS: The tinnitus severity scores, VAS scores and PTA of each time point after treatment in the two groups were lower than those before treatment (P<0.05), and those in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.05). The total effective rates of each time point after treatment in the observation group were 50.0% (17/34), 79.4% (27/34), 79.4% (27/34), which were higher than 26.5% (9/34), 64.7% (22/34), 61.8% (21/34) in the control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Scraping needling technique combined with western medication could improve tinnitus severity, tinnitus volume and hearing in patients with neurogenic tinnitus of kidney essence deficiency, and its curative effect is better than simple western medication.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Zumbido , Pontos de Acupuntura , Humanos , Rim , Zumbido/tratamento farmacológico , Zumbido/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Public Health Nutr ; : 1-19, 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36093642

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between folate levels and the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) risk during the whole pregnancy. DESIGN: In this retrospective cohort study of pregnant women, serum folate levels were measured before 24 gestational weeks (GW). GDM was diagnosed between 24th and 28th GW based on the criteria of the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups. General linear models were performed to examine the association of serum folate with plasma glucose (i.e., linear regressions) and risk of GDM (i.e., log-binomial regressions) after controlling for confounders. Restricted cubic spline regression was conducted to test the dosage-response relationship between serum folate and the risk of GDM. SETTING: A sigle, urban hospital in Shanghai, China. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 42,478 women who received antenatal care from April 2013 to March 2017 were included. RESULTS: Consistent positive associations were observed between serum folate and plasma glucose levels (fasting, 1-h, 2-h). The adjusted relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of GDM across serum folate quartiles were 1.00 (reference), 1.15 (95% CI: 1.04, 1.26), 1.40 (95% CI: 1.27, 1.54), and 1.54 (95% CI: 1.40, 1.69), respectively (p-for-trend < 0.001). The positive association between serum folate and GDM remained when stratified by vitamin B12 (adequate vs. deficient groups) and the GW of serum folate measurement (≤ 13 GWs vs. > 13 GWs). CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study may provide important evidence for the public health and clinical guidelines of pregnancy folate supplementation in terms of GDM prevention.

14.
Front Med ; 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36094653

RESUMO

In patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), if not identified promptly, could be fatal. It is the leading cause of failure of induction and early death. Thus, biomarkers that could promptly predict severe complications are critical. Here, cytokine differences between patients with APL with and without ICH were investigated to develop predictive models for this complication. The initial cytokine profiling using plasma samples from 39 patients and 18 healthy donors found a series of cytokines that were remarkedly different between patients with APL and healthy controls. The APL patients were subsequently divided into high and low white blood cell count groups. Results showed that tumor necrosis factor a and interleukin 8 (IL-8) were vital in distinguishing patients with APL who did or did not develop ICH. In addition, verification in 81 patients with APL demonstrated that the two cytokines were positively correlated with the cumulative incidence of ICH. Finally, in-vitro and in-vivo experimental evidence were provided to show that IL-8 influenced the migration of APL-derived NB4 cells and impaired the blood-brain barrier in PML/RARα positive blast-transplanted FVB/NJ mice. These assessments may facilitate the early warning of ICH and reduce future mortality levels in APL.

15.
Theor Appl Genet ; 2022 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36085525

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: qSI07.1, a major QTL for seed index in cotton, was fine-mapped to a 17.45-kb region, and the candidate gene GhSI7 was verified in transgenic plants. Improving production to meet human needs is a vital objective in cotton breeding. The yield-related trait seed index is a complex quantitative trait, but few candidate genes for seed index have been characterized. Here, a major QTL for seed index qSI07.1 was fine-mapped to a 17.45-kb region by linkage analysis and substitutional mapping. Only GhSI7, encoding the transcriptional regulator STERILE APETALA, was contained in the candidate region. Association test and genetic analysis indicated that an 845-bp-deletion in its intron was responsible for the seed index variation. Origin analysis revealed that this variation was unique in Gossypium hirsutum and originated from race accessions. Overexpression of GhSI7 (haplotype 2) significantly increased the seed index and organ size in cotton plants. Our findings provided a diagnostic marker for breeding and selecting cotton varieties with high seed index, and laid a foundation for further studies to understand the molecular mechanism of cotton seed morphogenesis.

16.
Int J Epidemiol ; 2022 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36087338

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Longitudinal assessment of the determinants of obesogenic growth trajectories in childhood can suggest appropriate developmental windows for intervention. METHODS: Latent class growth mixture modelling was used to identify body mass index (BMI) z-score trajectories from birth to age 6 years in 994 children from a prospective mother-offspring cohort (Chinese, Indian and Malay ethnicities) based in Singapore. We evaluated the early-life determinants of the trajectories as well as their associations with cardiometabolic risk markers at age 6 years. RESULTS: Five BMI z-score trajectory patterns were identified, three within the healthy weight range, alongside early-acceleration and late-acceleration obesogenic trajectories. The early-acceleration pattern was characterized by elevated fetal abdominal circumference growth velocity, BMI acceleration immediately after birth and crossing of the obesity threshold by age 2 years. The late-acceleration pattern had normal fetal growth and BMI acceleration after infancy, and approached the obesity threshold by age 6 years. Abdominal fat, liver fat, insulin resistance and odds of pre-hypertension/hypertension were elevated in both groups. Indian ethnicity, high pre-pregnancy BMI, high polygenic risk scores for obesity and shorter breastfeeding duration were common risk factors for both groups. Malay ethnicity and low maternal educational attainment were uniquely associated with early BMI acceleration, whereas nulliparity and obesogenic eating behaviours in early childhood were uniquely associated with late BMI acceleration. CONCLUSION: BMI acceleration starting immediately after birth or after infancy were both linked to early cardiometabolic alterations. The determinants of these trajectories may be useful for developing early risk stratification and intervention approaches to counteract metabolic adversities linked to childhood obesity.

17.
Chemosphere ; : 136348, 2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36087738

RESUMO

Copper (Cu) excess is often observed in old Citrus orchards. Little information is available on the characterization of Cu-induced-release of root exudates and their possible roles in plant Cu-tolerance. Using sweet orange [Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck cv. Xuegan] seedlings as materials, we investigated the impacts of 0, 0.5, 25, 150, 350, 550, 1000, 2000 or 5000 µM CuCl2 (pH 4.8) on Cu uptake, root exudates [malate, citrate, total phenolics (TP), total soluble sugars (TSS) and total free amino acids (TFAA)], electrolyte leakage and malondialdehyde, and solution pH under hydroponic conditions; the time-course of root exudates and solution pH in response to Cu; and the impacts of protein synthesis and anion-channel inhibitors, and temperature on Cu-induced-secretion of root exudates and solution pH. About 70% of Cu was accumulated in 0 and 0.5 µM Cu-exposed roots, while over 97% of Cu was accumulated in ≥25 µM Cu-exposed roots. Without Cu, the seedlings could alkalize the solution pH from 4.8 to above 6.0. Cu-stimulated-secretion of root exudates elevated with the increment of Cu concentration from 0 to 1000 µM, then decreased or remained unchanged with the further increment of Cu concentration, while root electrolyte leakage and malondialdehyde (root-induced alkalization) increased (lessened) with the increment of Cu concentration from 0 to 5000 µM. Further analysis indicated that Cu-stimulated-secretion of root exudates was an energy-dependent process and could repressed by inhibitors, and that there was no discernible delay between the onset of exudate release and the addition of Cu. To conclude, both root-induced alkalization and Cu-stimulated-release of root exudates played a key role in sweet orange Cu-tolerance via increasing root Cu accumulation and reducing Cu uptake and phytotoxicity.

18.
Development ; 149(17)2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36052695

RESUMO

Stomata are epidermal pores that control gas exchange between plants and the atmosphere. In Arabidopsis, the ERECTA family (ERECTAf) receptors, including ERECTA, ERECTA-LIKE 1 (ERL1) and ERL2, redundantly play pivotal roles in enforcing the 'one-cell-spacing' rule. Accumulating evidence has demonstrated that the functional specificities of receptors are likely associated with their differential subcellular dynamics. The endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident chaperone complex SDF2-ERdj3B-BiP functions in many aspects of plant development. We employed pharmacological treatments combined with cell biological and biochemical approaches to demonstrate that the abundance of ERECTA was reduced in the erdj3b-1 mutant, but the localization and dynamics of ERECTA were not noticeably affected. By contrast, the erdj3b mutation caused the retention of ERL1/ERL2 in the ER. Furthermore, we found that the function of SDF2-ERdj3B-BiP is implicated with the distinct roles of ERECTAf receptors. Our findings establish that the ERECTAf receptor-mediated signaling in stomatal development is ensured by the activities of the ER quality control system, which preferentially maintains the protein abundance of ERECTA and proper subcellular dynamics of ERL1/ERL2, prior to the receptors reaching their destination - the plasma membrane - to execute their functions.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis , Arabidopsis , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Retículo Endoplasmático/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP40/genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP40/metabolismo , Chaperonas Moleculares/genética , Chaperonas Moleculares/metabolismo , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases , Receptores de Superfície Celular/genética
19.
Front Oncol ; 12: 993775, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36119505

RESUMO

Breast cancer (BC) is a common malignancy that mainly occurred in women and it has become the most diagnosed cancer annually since 2020. Berberine (BBR), an alkaloid extracted from the Berberidacea family, has been found with broad pharmacological bioactivities including anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic, anti-hypertensive, anti-obesity, antidepressant, and anticancer effects. Mounting evidence shows that BBR is a safe and effective agent with good anticancer activity against BC. However, its detailed underlying mechanism in BC treatment remains unclear. Here, we will provide the evidence for BBR in BC therapy and summarize its potential mechanisms. This review briefly introduces the source, metabolism, and biological function of BBR and emphasizes the therapeutic effects of BBR against BC via directly interacting with effector proteins, transcriptional regulatory elements, miRNA, and several BBR-mediated signaling pathways. Moreover, the novel BBR-based therapeutic strategies against BC improve biocompatibility and water solubility, and the efficacies of BBR are also briefly discussed. Finally, the status of BBR in BC treatment and future research directions is also prospected.

20.
Front Neurol ; 13: 857133, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36119686

RESUMO

Objective: The present study aimed to determine whether residual dizziness (RD) after successful repositioning treatment in benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) patients could be predicted by red blood cell distribution width (RDW). Materials and methods: In this study, a total of 303 BBPV patients hospitalized at the neurology department were investigated. The enrolled patients were divided into two groups after successful repositioning treatment: non-RD group included patients who were completely cured, and RD group included patients with RD. We collected data on all subjects, including general information, blood routine examination, blood biochemical examination, and magnetic resonance imaging tests. Results: The mean RDW values of patients in the RD group were significantly higher than that in the non-RD group (13.63 ± 1.8 vs. 12.5 ± 0.8; p < 0.001). In subsequent multivariate analysis, elevated RDW levels were a statistically significant risk factor associated with the occurrence of RD [odds ratio = 2.62, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.88-3.64, p < 0.001]. The area under the ROC curve was 0.723 in terms of its predictive ability to distinguish patients with RD. A cut-off point of 12.95% of RDW predicted RD with a sensitivity of 75.6% and a specificity of 69.5%. Moreover, the AUC for the ability of the RDW to predict recurrence were 0.692 (95% CI = 0.561-0.831; p < 0.014). Conclusions: Elevated RDW level was related to increased risk of RD among BPPV patients, requiring further efforts to clarify the actual underlying pathophysiology.

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