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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32109436

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of long-term Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) practice on practitioners' brain functional specialization compare with the TCC novices. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: A psychology Institute. PARTICIPANTS: TCC practitioners (N=22) (52.4±6.8y; 7 men; educated years: 12.18±3.03y) and 18 healthy adults (54.8±6.8y; 8 men; education years: 11.78±2.90y) matched by age, sex, and education were enrolled. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Participants underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging scanning and cognitive test to measure the differences in functional specialization and cognitive function. Functional specialization was evaluated by voxel-mirrored homotopic connectivity (VMHC) method. RESULTS: Lower middle frontal gyrus VMHC in TCC practitioners compared to controls. For TCC practitioners, the longer they practice, the lower their VMHC in precentral and precuneus. TCC practitioners showed better cognition performance. CONCLUSIONS: Changed VMHC indicated that TCC practice could enhance functional specialization in the middle frontal cortex of practitioners, which may be associated with higher-order cognitive ability.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438638

RESUMO

Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) as a typical mind-body practice has been investigated for its preventive role on negative emotions and has demonstrated its efficacy in healthy populations. However, the results are not consistent. We performed a meta-analysis and systematically evaluated the effect of TCC on selected negative emotions (i.e., anxiety and depression). Fourteen experimental studies from three English-and two Chinese-language databases were evaluated. The results showed that the positive effects of TCC on negative emotions were moderately to largely significant. In addition, although TCC significantly improved negative emotions in both the young adults and the older adults, old adults benefited more from TCC than young adults. These findings suggest that TCC is a worthy complementary non-pharmacological resource towards depression and anxiety and, thus, has great implications for the public health domain.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/terapia , Depressão/terapia , Tai Ji , Humanos
3.
Front Physiol ; 10: 902, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31354533

RESUMO

Cognitive gains are reported to be induced by acute aerobic exercise, but the role of fitness in the effect of acute aerobic exercise on executive function remains unknown. Therefore, we aimed to examine the effect of fitness on acute exercise-induced changes in executive function from neural mechanism approach. Twenty-four female college students were assigned to high-fitness or low-fitness groups based on their cardiovascular fitness level, and then underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging while performing N-back tasks before and after 30 min of acute exercise. The behavioral results revealed significant interaction effects of group by time in the 0-back and 1-back tasks, but not in the 2-back task. The accuracy was significantly higher in the high-fitness group than in the low-fitness group before exercise in the 1-back and 2-back tasks. At the neural level, significant interaction effects of group by time were observed in all tasks. The 0-back and 1-back tasks activated the right cerebellum while the 2-back task activated subcortical regions. Our findings suggest that fitness moderates the effect of aerobic exercise on cognitive function, and provide the first neural evidence to support the influence of fitness on exercise-induced cognitive performance.

4.
Nat Genet ; 51(7): 1131-1136, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31209392

RESUMO

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is ubiquitous worldwide and is associated with multiple cancers, including nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). The importance of EBV viral genomic variation in NPC development and its striking epidemic in southern China has been poorly explored. Through large-scale genome sequencing of 270 EBV isolates and two-stage association study of EBV isolates from China, we identify two non-synonymous EBV variants within BALF2 that are strongly associated with the risk of NPC (odds ratio (OR) = 8.69, P = 9.69 × 10-25 for SNP 162476_C; OR = 6.14, P = 2.40 × 10-32 for SNP 163364_T). The cumulative effects of these variants contribute to 83% of the overall risk of NPC in southern China. Phylogenetic analysis of the risk variants reveals a unique origin in Asia, followed by clonal expansion in NPC-endemic regions. Our results provide novel insights into the NPC endemic in southern China and also enable the identification of high-risk individuals for NPC prevention.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/complicações , Genoma Viral , Herpesvirus Humano 4/genética , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/virologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/virologia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Proteínas Virais/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/virologia , Herpesvirus Humano 4/classificação , Herpesvirus Humano 4/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/genética , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/genética
5.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(4): 288-92, 2019 Apr 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31056883

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of moxibustion intervention on wound healing in rats with full-thickness cutaneous wounds. METHODS: A total of 28 adult SD male rats were randomly assigned to model group and moxibustion group (n=14 in each one). The skin wound model was established by removal of a piece of full-thickness skin from the median line of the rats' back (about 2 cm below the shoulder blade). Moxibustion intervention was applied to the surrounding area of the focus for 25 min, once daily for 6 days. The wound healing was observed and photographed after each moxibustion intervention. The wound tissues were harvested after transcardiac perfusion with 4% paraformaldehyde solution on the 2nd and 7thday after modeling, and stained with H.E. and Masson methods for displaying histopathological changes and collagen fiber growth status, respectively. RESULTS: After modeling, the cutaneous wound was healed gradually in both groups, and the wound area was significantly smaller from the 2nd day to the 5th day in the moxibustion group than in the model group (P<0.01, P<0.05). Correspondingly, the wound closure area was significantly bigger from the 2nd to the 5th day in the moxibustion group than in the model group (P<0.01). H.E. and Masson staining showed that the number of the inflammatory cells (monocytes, macrophages, neutrophile, etc.) and the collagen fiber area in the local wound tissue of the moxibustion group were significantly bigger than those of the model group on the 2nd day after intervention (P<0.01). After 6 sessions of moxibustion intervention, the number of fibroblasts and collagen fibers in the moxibustion group were obviously increased than that in the model group, characterized by closer arrangement of fibroblasts and collagen fibers, more and larger of the new-born blood vessels, and thicker of the scab in the wound area. CONCLUSION: Moxibustion can promote the wound healing by enhancing the growth of collagen fibers and cell proliferation in the traumatic cutaneous area in full-thickness cutaneous wound rats.


Assuntos
Moxibustão , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles , Animais , Matriz Extracelular , Masculino , Ratos , Pele , Cicatrização
6.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(3): 157-60, 2019 Mar 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30945496

RESUMO

The NIH-funded "Stimulating Peripheral Activity to Relieve Conditions (SPARC)" program has been initiated in Octomber 2016, aiming at developing high resolution neural circuit maps and next generation neural modulation devices. This program has brought great stimulus to acupuncturists and acupuncture researchers both at home and abroad. Is the SPARC program a driving force or a challenge of acupuncture research? In the present study, we introduced the SPARC program and compared it with current acupuncture research. The first step of SPARC is to better map neural circuits associated with disease on the anatomical level so as to identify the best points for intervention, and to decode the neural language at these intervention points for developing a dictionary of patterns associated with health and disease states on the signaling level. Similarly, our acupuncture research also focuses on revealing the neural encoding of acupuncture stimulation and its effect on visceral function, seeking suitable stimulation parameters to regulate the abnormal visceral activity precisely. Therefore, the common point of SPARC program and acupuncture research is the scientific basis of peripheral somatic neuronal regulation, and their difference is that acupuncture regulates the visceral function through multiple neural circuits and neural feedbacks by stimulating the sensitized points or acupoints, achieving homeostasis at last. Acupuncture-induced regulation effect is limited and the therapy is safe. Whereas, "stimulating periphe-ral activity (SPA)" can regulate the visceral organs precisely but without neural feedback. Inevitably, SPA will produce tolerance or side effects. Therefore, there is still much work to be done in terms of the initiation of trigger stimulation and the feedback inhibition of target organ effects. The SPARC program is definitely a powerful force in revealing the mechanisms by which acupuncture works.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acupuntura
7.
Neural Plast ; 2019: 2098083, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30984253

RESUMO

Although referred pain or hypersensitivity has been repeatedly reported in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients and experimental colitis rodents, little is known about the neural mechanisms. Spinal long-term potentiation (LTP) of nociceptive synaptic transmission plays a critical role in the development of somatic hyperalgesia in chronic pain conditions. Herein, we sought to determine whether spinal LTP contributes to the referral hyperalgesia in colitis rats and particularly whether electroacupuncture (EA) is effective to alleviate somatic hyperalgesia via suppressing spinal LTP. Rats in the colitis group (induced by colonic infusion of 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid, TNBS), instead of the control and vehicle groups, displayed evident focal inflammatory destruction of the distal colon accompanied not only with the sensitized visceromotor response (VMR) to noxious colorectal distension (CRD) but also with referral hindpaw hyperalgesia indicated by reduced mechanical and thermal withdrawal latencies. EA at Zusanli (ST36) and Shangjuxu (ST37) attenuated the severity of colonic inflammation, as well as the visceral hypersensitivity and referral hindpaw hyperalgesia in colitis rats. Intriguingly, the threshold of C-fiber-evoked field potentials (CFEFP) was significantly reduced and the spinal LTP was exaggerated in the colitis group, both of which were restored by EA treatment. Taken together, visceral hypersensitivity and referral hindpaw hyperalgesia coexist in TNBS-induced colitis rats, which might be attributed to the enhanced LTP of nociceptive synaptic transmission in the spinal dorsal horn. EA at ST36 and ST37 could relieve visceral hypersensitivity and, in particular, attenuate referral hindpaw hyperalgesia by suppressing the enhanced spinal LTP.


Assuntos
Colite/fisiopatologia , Eletroacupuntura , Hiperalgesia/fisiopatologia , Potenciação de Longa Duração , Nociceptividade/fisiologia , Medula Espinal/fisiopatologia , Animais , Colite/induzido quimicamente , Colite/prevenção & controle , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Membro Posterior/fisiopatologia , Hiperalgesia/complicações , Masculino , Limiar da Dor , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Ácido Trinitrobenzenossulfônico/administração & dosagem
8.
Lipids Health Dis ; 18(1): 61, 2019 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30851741

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dysregulation of the lipid homeostasis is an independent risk factor for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Some studies had demonstrated that TRIB1 gene polymorphisms affect the plasma lipids metabolism, but no related data was available for TRIB1 gene polymorphisms in the lipids metabolism in Chinses Han population. The present study was conducted to investigate the association between TRIB1 gene polymorphisms (rs17321515 and rs2954029) and the risk of NAFLD in Chinese Han population and their effects on serum lipid profiles. PATIENTS AND METHODS: TRIB1 rs17321515 and rs2954029 gene polymorphisms were genotyped using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in B-type ultrasonography-proven NAFLD patients (n = 146) and healthy controls (n = 175). Serum lipid profiles were determined using biochemical methods. Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS 22.0 statistical software. RESULTS: The allele distributions of TRIB1 rs17321515 A and rs2954029 A were significant different between the NAFLD patients and healthy controls (P = 0.026, P = 0.045, respectively). The genotype distribution of TRIB1 rs17321515 was significant different between NAFLD patients and healthy controls (P = 0.038). The TRIB1 rs17321515 GA + AA genotype and TRIB1 rs2954029 TA + AA genotype markedly increase the NAFLD risk (OR = 1.885; 95%CI: 1.157-3.070; OR = 1.627; 95%CI: 1.011-2.619, respectively), after adjusted for age, gender, and body mass index, the NAFLD risk still significant (OR = 2.240; 95%CI: 1.196-4.197; OR = 2.050; 95%CI: 1.110-3.786, respectively). In addition, TRIB1 rs17321515 A and rs2954029 A carriers possess the higher lipid profiles in the included subjects. CONCLUSIONS: TRIB1 rs17321515 and rs2954029 were significant associated with the risk of NAFLD in Chinese Han population. The rs17321515 A and rs2954029 A allele increases the serum lipid profiles in Chinese Han population.


Assuntos
Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Idoso , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética
9.
Lipids Health Dis ; 18(1): 45, 2019 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30738435

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: PNPLA3 I148M variant and TM6SF2 E167K variant are recognized as the major genetic modifiers of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The present study sought to evaluate the potential additive effect of the two variants on the risk of NAFLD in Qingdao Han Population, China. METHODS: We genotyped PNPLA3 I148M variant and TM6SF2 E167K variant in a cohort of 512 unrelated NAFLD patients and 451 healthy controls by sequencing and polymerase chain reaction analysis. In addition, serum lipid profiles and liver enzymes were determined by standard clinical laboratory methods. RESULTS: The minor allele frequencies were 45.48% for PNPLA3 148 locus G allele and 6.69% for TM6SF2 167 locus T allele. The PNPLA3 I148M variant was significantly associated with the risk of NAFLD in an additive model (CG, OR = 2.092, 95% CI: 1.551-2.820, P = 0.000; GG, OR = 4.566, 95% CI: 3.141-6.638, P = 0.000, respectively). And, our data suggested a strong link between the TM6SF2 E167K variant and the risk of NAFLD in a dominant model (CT + TT, OR = 2.327, 95% CI: 1.542-3.513, P = 0.000). In addition, the increasing of the number of risk alleles were associated with the risk of NAFLD (1 risk allele, OR = 1.687, P = 0.001; 2 risk alleles, OR = 4.326, P = 0.000; 3 risk alleles, OR = 6.018, P = 0.027, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Combining the I148M and E167K variants in a manner of an additive effect could improve risk prediction for NAFLD in a Qingdao Han Population cohort. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Register.gov : ChiCTR1800015426.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Lipase/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Estudos de Associação Genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Fatores de Risco
10.
J Infect Dis ; 219(3): 400-409, 2019 01 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30307559

RESUMO

Background: Oral Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) status reflects host EBV activity and potentially links to EBV-associated diseases, however, factors influencing oral EBV loads or reactivation, such as environmental exposures or host factors, are not fully understood. Methods: A 2-stage, multicenter, cross-sectional study of 6558 subjects from 21 administrative cities of southern China and 3 populations from representative geographical areas in China (referred to as the south, north, and northeastern populations) was performed. The relationships between demographical factors and environmental exposures to EBV loads were analyzed by logistic regression models. Results: Current smoking, with a dose-response effect, was found to be strongly associated with higher oral EBV loads in the pooled data, with an odds ratio of 1.58 (95% confidence interval, 1.39-1.79), as well as in each of the separate populations. The odds ratio increased to 3.06 when current smokers in southern China were compared to never smokers in northern China. Additionally, higher oral EBV loads tended to be detected in older participants, male participants, and participants in southern China. Conclusions: This study provided evidence linking the effect of host-environmental factors, particularly smoking, to oral EBV activity. It could strengthen our understanding of the possible causal roles of EBV-related diseases, which may help to prevent or mitigate EBV-associated diseases.


Assuntos
DNA Viral , Demografia , Exposição Ambiental , Herpesvirus Humano 4/genética , Boca/virologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China , Estudos Transversais , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/virologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , População , Análise de Regressão , Fumar , Carga Viral , Adulto Jovem
11.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 17: 1533033818808507, 2018 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30411662

RESUMO

DNA mismatch repair was proposed to play a pivotal role in the development and prognosis of colorectal cancer. However, the prognostic value of mismatch repair on colorectal cancer is still unknown. The PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases were searched. The articles about mismatch repair (including hMLH1, hMSH2, hMSH3, hMSH6, hPMSH1, and hPMSH2) deficiency for the prognosis of patients with colorectal cancer were included in the study. The hazard ratio and its 95% confidence interval were used to measure the impact of mismatch repair deficiency on survival time. Twenty-one articles were included. The combined hazard ratio for mismatch repair deficiency on overall survival was 0.59 (95% confidence interval: 0.50-0.69) and that on disease-free survival was 0.57 (95% confidence interval: 0.43-0.75). In subgroup analysis, there were a significant association between overall survival and mismatch repair deficiency in Asian studies (hazard ratio: 0.67; 95% confidence interval: 0.50-0.91) and Western studies (hazard ratio: 0.56; 95% confidence interval: 0.46-0.67). For disease-free survival, the hazard ratios in Asian studies and Western studies were 0.55 (95% confidence interval: 0.38-0.81) and 0.62 (95% confidence interval: 0.50-0.78), respectively. Our meta-analysis indicated that mismatch repair could be used to evaluate the prognosis of patients with colorectal cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Reparo de Erro de Pareamento de DNA/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Prognóstico , Adulto Jovem
12.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 13921, 2018 09 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30224712

RESUMO

Transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) has been consistently used clinically for its ease of operation, non-invasiveness and painlessness, in contrast to the characteristics of inserted needles. However, the mechanism remains unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the local response of TEAS at Hegu acupoint (LI4). Immunohistochemistry was used to measure the expression of tryptase-positive mast cells, neuropeptides of the calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and substance P (SP) in LI4. Mast cells were also labelled with serotonin (5-HT), neurokinin-1 receptor (NK-1R) and toluidine blue. The results showed that cutaneous CGRP and SP immune-positive (CGRP-IP or SP-IP) nerve fibres in LI4 were more highly expressed. There were high degrees of mast cell aggregation and degranulation with release of 5-HT near the CGRP-IP or SP-IP nerve fibres and blood vessels after TEAS. The degranulation of mast cells (MCs) was accompanied by expression of NK-1R after TEAS. Either mast cell membrane stabilizer (Disodium cromoglycate) or NK-1R antagonist (RP 67580) diminished the accumulation and degranulation of MCs induced by TEAS. Taken together, the findings demonstrated that TEAS induced sensory nerve fibres to express CGRP and SP, which then bound to the NK-1R on MCs, after which MCs degranulated and released 5-HT, resulting in TEAS-initiated acupuncture-like signals.


Assuntos
Acupuntura , Peptídeo Relacionado com Gene de Calcitonina/metabolismo , Estimulação Elétrica , Mastócitos/metabolismo , Substância P/metabolismo , Animais , Degranulação Celular , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptores da Neurocinina-1/metabolismo , Serotonina/metabolismo , Triptases/metabolismo
13.
Cancer Med ; 2018 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29905022

RESUMO

The link of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has been established for decades. Although an abnormal high level of EBV sero-antibody spectrum and cell-free circulating EBV DNA loads were exhibited in NPC patients, oral EBV DNA loads, which are primarily responsible for the EBV transmission, has not been previously studied in NPC patients. We conducted an epidemiological study to measure the oral EBV loads, viral components, and the relationship with the serum antibody titers in a large case-control population (968 cases and 1656 controls) and a family-based population (91 cases and 165 unaffected family members). EBV DNA loads were detected by quantitative PCR approach targeting the BamHI-W region. Although a large individualized variation existed, we still observed a decreased oral EBV DNA loads in the population of NPC patients compared to that of healthy controls (ORs were 1.00, 0.69, 0.62, 0.33 classified by the quartiles of viral loads, Ptrend  < .001) and family members. In contrast, the elevated levels of oral EBV loads were present in asymptomatic males and elders, suggesting a different important source for EBV transmission. Notably, oral EBV loads were inversely associated with serum antibody titers of VCA-IgA, EA-IgA (All Ptrend  < .001) in the cases but not in the controls. Our study provides the first epidemiological data of oral EBV loads and viral components in NPC patients and controls in the highest risk area of Southern China, indicating that NPC status is unlikely to be an important determinant of EBV transmission.

14.
EBioMedicine ; 30: 184-191, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29606628

RESUMO

Our previous study found that smoking was associated with an elevated level of the antibody against VCA in the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) lytic phase, which was an important predictive marker of the risk of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). It remained unknown whether environmental factors were associated with the levels of other EBV antibodies, such as Zta-IgA, EA-IgA, EBNA1-IgA, and LMP1-IgA, in the lytic and latent infection periods. We aimed to investigate the possible environmental inducers that could affect EBV antibody levels in two independent healthy male populations from endemic NPC areas in South China (N=1498) and non-endemic NPC areas in North China (N=1961). We performed ELISA and immunoenzymatic assays to test the levels of antibodies specific to the EBV antigens. The seropositive rates of antibodies against the antigens expressed in both the EBV latent and lytic infection periods, namely, LMP1-IgA, EBNA1-IgA, and Zta-IgA, in endemic areas (28.65%, 5.43% and 14.49%, respectively) were significantly higher than those in non-endemic areas (14.43%, 1.07% and 6.32%, respectively). Smoking was associated with higher seropositivity for EBNA1-IgA (OR=1.47, 95% CI=1.12-1.93) and Zta-IgA (OR=1.28, 95% CI=0.99-1.66), with dose-response effects, while not associated with the levels of LMP1-IgA. In conclusion, smoking was an important environmental factor, which associated with increased levels of EBNA1-IgA, and Zta-IgA.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Carcinoma/imunologia , Carcinoma/virologia , Meio Ambiente , Herpesvirus Humano 4/imunologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/imunologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/virologia , Adulto , Antígenos Virais/imunologia , China/epidemiologia , Antígenos Nucleares do Vírus Epstein-Barr/imunologia , Humanos , Imunoglobulina A/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo , Fatores de Risco , Fumar/efeitos adversos
15.
Acta Crystallogr C Struct Chem ; 74(Pt 1): 94-99, 2018 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29303502

RESUMO

Naphthalenediimides, a class of organic dyes with an expanded π-electron-deficient plane, have attracted considerable interest because of their photoinduced electron transfer from neutral organic moieties to stable anionic radicals. This makes them excellent candidates for organic linkers in the construction of photochromic coordination polymers. Such a photochromic two-dimensional coordination polymer has been prepared using N,N'-bis(pyridin-4-ylmethyl)naphthalene-1,8:4,5-bis(dicarboximide) (DPMNI). In crystallization tubes, upon slow diffusion of an MeOH solution of cadmium perchlorate into a CHCl3 solution of DPMNI, the complex poly[[bis[µ2-2,7-bis(pyridin-4-ylmethyl)benzo[imn][3,8]phenanthroline-1,3,6,8(2H,7H)-tetrone-κ2N:N']bis(perchlorato-κO)cadmium(II)] chloroform tetrasolvate], {[Cd(C26H16N4O4)2(ClO4)2]·4CHCl3}n, (I), was obtained. The asymmetric unit contains one Cd2+ cation, two DPMNI ligands, two coordinated ClO4- anions and four CHCl3 solvent molecules. Each Cd2+ cation is interconnected by four DPMNI linkers to generate a neutral two-dimensional naphthalenediimide coordination network with all the ClO4- anions above or below this plane. Strong interlaminar anion-π interactions between the coordinated ClO4- anions and the imide rings of an adjacent layer lead to a three-dimensional supramolecular structure. Compound (I) exhibits reversible photochromic behaviour and photocontrolled tunable luminescence properties, which may originate from the photoinduced electron-transfer generation of radicals in the DPMNI ligand.

16.
Oncotarget ; 8(56): 95066-95074, 2017 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29221111

RESUMO

Genetic susceptibility and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection are important etiological factors in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). In this study, in southern China, where NPC is endemic, a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the EBV-encoded RPMS1 gene (locus 155391: G > A [G155391A]) and seven host SNPs (rs1412829, rs28421666, rs2860580, rs2894207, rs31489, rs6774494, and rs9510787) were confirmed to be significantly associated with NPC risk in 50 NPC cases versus 54 hospital-based controls with throat washing specimens and 1925 NPC cases versus 1947 hospital-based controls with buffy coat samples, respectively. We established a strategy to detect the NPC-associated EBV and host SNPs using saliva samples in a single test that is convenient, noninvasive, and cost-effective and displays good compliance. The potential utility of this strategy was tested by applying a risk prediction model integrating these EBV and host genetic variants to a population-based case-control study comprising 1026 incident NPC cases and 1148 controls. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis revealed an area under the curve of the NPC risk prediction model of 0.74 (95% CI: 0.71-0.76). Net reclassification improvement (NRI) analysis showed that inclusion of the EBV SNP significantly improved the discrimination ability of the model (NRI = 0.30, P < 0.001), suggesting the promising value of EBV characteristics for identifying high-risk NPC individuals in endemic areas. Taken together, we developed a promising NPC risk prediction model via noninvasive saliva sampling. This approach might serve as a convenient and effective method for screening the population with high-risk of NPC.

17.
Lipids Health Dis ; 16(1): 228, 2017 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29197393

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A growing number of studies reported the connection between the level of serum ferritin (SFL) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, such connection was still disputable. The aim of our meta-analysis was to estimate SFL between the groups as below: patients with NAFLD against control group; non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) patients against control group; non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) patients against a control group and NASH patients vs NAFL patients. METHODS: We screened the studies in PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Database and the Cochrane Central register controlled trials from the beginning to July 10, 2016 to find the studies indicated the connection between SFL and NAFLD (NAFL and/or NASH). Fourteen published studies which evaluate the SFL in NAFLD patients were selected. RESULTS: Higher SFL was noticed in NAFLD patients against control group (standardized mean difference [SMD] 1.01; 95% CI 0.89, 1.13), NASH patients against control group (SMD 1.21; 95% CI 1.00, 1.42), NAFL patients against control group (SMD 0.51; 95% CI 0.24, 0.79) and NASH patients against NAFL patients (SMD 0.63; 95% CI 0.52, 0.75). These results remained unaltered actually after the elimination of studies which were focused on paediatric or adolescent populations. Higher SFL was presented in NAFLD patients against the control group (SMD 1.08; 95% CI 0.95, 1.20) in adults and NASH patients against NAFL patients in adults (SMD 0.74; 95% CI 0.62, 0.87). The connection between SFL and NASH against NAFL group in paediatric or adolescent populations was observed inconsistently (SMD 0.10; 95% CI -0.18, 0.38). CONCLUSIONS: The level of SFL was elevated in patients with NAFLD (NAFL and/or NASH) compared with the controls. Compared with NAFL, The level of SFL was increased in NASH. The result remained unaltered actually after the elimination of studies focused on paediatric or adolescent populations.


Assuntos
Ferritinas/sangue , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 42(15): 2864-2870, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29139249

RESUMO

To explore the clinical application features of Qingkailing injection for adolescent patients. This study was based on the information from the hospitalized patients in 1998-2011 in HIS (hospital information system) of 16 tertiary hospitals in China. 615 adolescent patients with Qingkailing injection were used to investigate the clinical characteristics of Qingkailing injection. Apriori algorithm was adopted to establish the model, and Clementine 12.0 was used for correlation analysis. The results showed that male patients (355 cases) were more than female patients (243 cases); the age of the most patients was under 14 years old, with an average age of 9.40 years old; the hospital stay was most of 4-7 d; the patients were mostly concentrated in pediatrics, mainly including upper respiratory tract infection; outpatient admission to the majority (451 cases, accounting for 75.54%). The traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome mainly included phlegm-dampness internal resistance (38.46%), Qi and Yin Deficiency (11.54%), Liver qi stagnation (15.38%), and Yang deficiency syndrome (11.54%); the highest admission rate was during Slight Cold (13.01%). In combined application, the most common western medicine pair was Cephalosporin injection+vitamin C (with supporting rate of 24.6%) and the most common TCM pair was Shuanghuanglian+Ganmao Qingre granules (with supporting rate of 4.065%). The most common 3 western medicines in combined use were Potassium chloride injection+Cephalosporin injection+vitamin C (supporting rate of 15.93%); while the most common three Chinese medicines were Shuanghuanglian+Yunnan Baiyao+Ganmao Qingre granules (supporting rate of 1.138%). Qingkailing injection was also widely used in adolescent patients; the diagnosis and use were basically in line with the instructions; men were slightly more than women; age of onset, solar terms and TCM syndromes were highly consistent. Qingkailing injection was mainly combined with western medicines in combined drug use, and Chinese medicines were also available. Combined drug use was more reasonable. Based on the results of the real world HIS, Qingkailing injection could provide the idea and reference for regulating the medication in adolescent patients.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Criança , China , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Sistemas de Informação Hospitalar , Humanos , Injeções , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Deficiência da Energia Yang , Deficiência da Energia Yin
19.
Mol Neurobiol ; 54(2): 1456-1466, 2017 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26846361

RESUMO

Anti-platelet treatments, an effective anti-thrombotic therapy, are widely used in non-cardioembolic ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA), including aspirin, cilostazol, clopidogrel, and other mono or dual therapies, while the optimal choice remains uncertain. All the literatures of 38 eligible randomized control trials were searched in PubMed, Embase, and China National Knowledge Internet (CNKI) without language limitation. And, nine anti-platelet therapies were assessed, including aspirin, clopidogrel, cilostazol, ticlopidine, triflusal, terutroban, sarpogrelate, dipyridamole plus aspirin, and clopidogrel plus aspirin. Additionally, we extract data of composite vascular events, major bleeding, ischemic stroke, intracranial hemorrhage, and all-cause death, as indicators of efficacy and safety. And among them, composite vascular events were the primary outcome. The binary outcomes were expressed as odds ratios (ORs) with corresponding 95 % confidence intervals (CIs). Both traditional meta-analysis and network meta-analysis were performed. Besides, for each outcome, the rank order was applied to reflect the superiority of every therapy compared with others, using the surface under the cumulative ranking curve (SUCRA). A cluster analysis was also conducted. Through the network meta-analysis, the synthesized data shows that cilostazol performed best on composite vascular events compared with placebo (OR = 0.62, 95 % CI 0.46-0.83) and aspirin (OR = 0.71, 95 % CI 0.53-0.95). In terms of ischemic stroke, clopidogrel plus aspirin seems the optimal, and it has significant difference between placebo (OR = 0.53, 95 % CI 0.35-0.74) and aspirin (OR = 0.75, 95 % CI 0.61-0.95). Meanwhile, cilostazol is also the first rank in major bleeding, especially when it is in contrast to aspirin (OR = 0.13, 95 % CI 0.02-0.70) and clopidogrel plus aspirin (OR = 0.09, 95 % CI 0.01-0.50). There is no significant difference among these nine treatments and placebo, as to all-cause death and intracranial hemorrhage. According to the cluster analysis, cilostazol can be the best choice with comprehensive assessment of composite vascular events, ischemic stroke and major bleeding. Based on this network meta-analysis, cilostazol was recommended as the optimal choice with good performance in both efficacy and safety for patient with ischemic stroke or TIA among nine anti-platelet therapies.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/métodos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Plaquetas/efeitos dos fármacos , Plaquetas/fisiologia , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico , Isquemia Encefálica/epidemiologia , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/diagnóstico , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Tumour Biol ; 37(11): 14825-14830, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27639382

RESUMO

The X-ray repair cross-complementing group 3 (XRCC3) Thr241Met polymorphism (rs861539, C > T) has drawn wide attentions as its association with cancer risk and its involvement in DNA repair. Several studies have attempted to link rs861539 to nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) risk; however, the sample sizes of these studies are small and the results are controversial. To investigate the relationship of rs861539 and NPC susceptibility, we conducted a large-scale case-control study involving 4001 NPC cases and 2967 controls of southern Chinese. Logistic regression analysis revealed significant association for rs861539 and NPC risk under the recessive model (TT vs. CT + CC) with adjustment of age and gender (odds ratio, OR = 2.72; 95 % CI 1.10-6.72; P = 0.03). Further, meta-analysis involving 4457 NPC cases and 4132 controls from four studies showed consistent association of TT carriers and NPC risk (OR = 3.12; 95 % CI 1.58-6.13; P = 0.001). Taken together, our findings based on large-scale sample size suggested rs861539 at XRCC3 to be associated with NPC risk through recessive model.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Carcinoma , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Fatores de Risco
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