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1.
Clin Cancer Res ; 25(20): 6180-6194, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31350312

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Multiple negative regulators restrict the ability of T cells to attack tumors. This work demonstrates the role of PI3K-interacting protein 1 (Pik3ip1) in restraining T-cell responses and antitumor immunity. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: An anti-Pik3ip1 mAb was generated to identify the Pik3ip1 expression pattern of hematopoietic cells. Pik3ip1 -/- mice and a Pik3ip1 fusion protein were generated to investigate the effect of Pik3ip1 on T-cell-mediated antitumor immunity in MC38 and B16-F10 tumor models. Immunoblotting and confocal microscopy were used to identify inhibitory effects of Pik3ip1 on T-cell receptor (TCR) signaling. Pik3ip1 expression was quantified, and its impact on T-cell function in human tumors was measured. RESULTS: We demonstrated that Pik3ip1 was predominantly expressed on T cells and served as an essential rheostat for T-cell-mediated immunity. A Pik3ip1 genetic deficiency led to enhanced T-cell responsiveness upon immunization with a neoantigen. Pik3ip1 -/- mice exhibited a marked increase in antitumor immunity and were resistant to tumor growth. Furthermore, Pik3ip1 extracellular domain fusion protein enhanced MC38 tumor growth was observed. Mechanistically, we found that Pik3ip1 inhibited TCR signaling by mediating the degradation of SLP76 through Pik3ip1 oligomerization via its extracellular region. Consistent with the results from the mouse models, PIK3IP1 expression correlated with T-cell dysfunction in human tumors. CONCLUSIONS: Our data reveal a critical role for Pik3ip1 as a novel inhibitory immune regulator of T-cell responses and provide a potential molecular target for cancer immunotherapy.

4.
Nat Immunol ; 20(7): 835-851, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31160797

RESUMO

How tumor cells genetically lose antigenicity and evade immune checkpoints remains largely elusive. We report that tissue-specific expression of the human long noncoding RNA LINK-A in mouse mammary glands initiates metastatic mammary gland tumors, which phenotypically resemble human triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). LINK-A expression facilitated crosstalk between phosphatidylinositol-(3,4,5)-trisphosphate and inhibitory G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) pathways, attenuating protein kinase A-mediated phosphorylation of the E3 ubiquitin ligase TRIM71. Consequently, LINK-A expression enhanced K48-polyubiquitination-mediated degradation of the antigen peptide-loading complex (PLC) and intrinsic tumor suppressors Rb and p53. Treatment with LINK-A locked nucleic acids or GPCR antagonists stabilized the PLC components, Rb and p53, and sensitized mammary gland tumors to immune checkpoint blockers. Patients with programmed ccll death protein-1(PD-1) blockade-resistant TNBC exhibited elevated LINK-A levels and downregulated PLC components. Hence we demonstrate lncRNA-dependent downregulation of antigenicity and intrinsic tumor suppression, which provides the basis for developing combinational immunotherapy treatment regimens and early TNBC prevention.


Assuntos
Apresentação do Antígeno/imunologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/imunologia , Oncogenes , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Evasão Tumoral/genética , Evasão Tumoral/imunologia , Adenoma/genética , Adenoma/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/genética , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases Dependentes de AMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Camundongos , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Neoplasias/patologia , Fosforilação , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/antagonistas & inibidores , Microambiente Tumoral/genética , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Ubiquitinação , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
5.
Cell Death Dis ; 10(6): 393, 2019 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31113935

RESUMO

B7-H3 immune modulatory molecule has been implicated in the generation and pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases, the mechanism of action is less known. We explored the role of B7-H3 in the induction of autoantibodies and organ-directed inflammation in a murine systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) model in which the immunization with DNA extracted from activated T cells induced the production of anti-DNA autoantibodies and subsequent glomerulonephritis, two hallmarks of human SLE. Mice deficient of B7-H3 or treated with a B7-H3 specific antibody produced significantly higher levels of anti-DNA autoantibodies and more severe glomerulonephritis than wild-type mice, indicating an inhibitory function of B7-H3 in this model. Interestingly, immunization of mice with DNA-pulsed dendritic cells induced severe SLE symptoms while B7-H3 on dendritic cells is required in this process. Importantly, treatment of mice with recombinant B7-H3Ig fusion protein effectively ameliorated progression of murine SLE, accompanied with decreased level of anti-DNA autoantibodies and alleviated glomerulonephritis, decreased autoantibody deposition and complement deposition in kidney. Our findings implicate a potential role of B7-H3 on dendritic cells in the induction of SLE and as a potential target for the treatment of autoimmune diseases.

6.
Clin Cancer Res ; 25(15): 4663-4673, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31053602

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the tumor tissue/cell distribution, functional associations, and clinical significance of PD-1, LAG-3, and TIM-3 protein expression in human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Using multiplexed quantitative immunofluorescence, we performed localized measurements of CD3, PD-1, LAG-3, and TIM-3 protein in >800 clinically annotated NSCLCs from three independent cohorts represented in tissue microarrays. Associations between the marker's expression and major genomic alterations were studied in The Cancer Genome Atlas NSCLC dataset. Using mass cytometry (CyTOF) analysis of leukocytes collected from 20 resected NSCLCs, we determined the levels, coexpression, and functional profile of PD-1, LAG-3, and TIM-3 expressing immune cells. Finally, we measured the markers in baseline samples from 90 patients with advanced NSCLC treated with PD-1 axis blockers and known response to treatment. RESULTS: PD-1, LAG-3, and TIM-3 were detected in tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) from 55%, 41.5%, and 25.3% of NSCLC cases, respectively. These markers showed a prominent association with each other and limited association with major clinicopathologic variables and survival in patients not receiving immunotherapy. Expression of the markers was lower in EGFR-mutated adenocarcinomas and displayed limited association with tumor mutational burden. In single-cell CyTOF analysis, PD-1 and LAG-3 were predominantly localized on T-cell subsets/NKT cells, whereas TIM-3 expression was higher in NK cells and macrophages. Coexpression of PD-1, LAG-3, and TIM-3 was associated with prominent T-cell activation (CD69/CD137), effector function (Granzyme-B), and proliferation (Ki-67), but also with elevated levels of proapoptotic markers (FAS/BIM). LAG-3 and TIM-3 were present in TIL subsets lacking PD-1 expression and showed a distinct functional profile. In baseline samples from 90 patients with advanced NSCLC treated with PD-1 axis blockers, elevated LAG-3 was significantly associated with shorter progression-free survival. CONCLUSIONS: PD-1, LAG-3, and TIM-3 have distinct tissue/cell distribution, functional implications, and genomic correlates in human NSCLC. Expression of these immune inhibitory receptors in TILs is associated with prominent activation, but also with a proapoptotic T-cell phenotype. Elevated LAG-3 expression is associated with insensitivity to PD-1 axis blockade, suggesting independence of these immune evasion pathways.

7.
Nat Med ; 25(4): 656-666, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30833750

RESUMO

Overexpression of the B7-H1 (PD-L1) molecule in the tumor microenvironment (TME) is a major immune evasion mechanism in some patients with cancer, and antibody blockade of the B7-H1/PD-1 interaction can normalize compromised immunity without excessive side-effects. Using a genome-scale T cell activity array, we identified Siglec-15 as a critical immune suppressor. While only expressed on some myeloid cells normally, Siglec-15 is broadly upregulated on human cancer cells and tumor-infiltrating myeloid cells, and its expression is mutually exclusive to B7-H1, partially due to its induction by macrophage colony-stimulating factor and downregulation by IFN-γ. We demonstrate that Siglec-15 suppresses antigen-specific T cell responses in vitro and in vivo. Genetic ablation or antibody blockade of Siglec-15 amplifies anti-tumor immunity in the TME and inhibits tumor growth in some mouse models. Taken together, our results support Siglec-15 as a potential target for normalization cancer immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Imunoglobulinas/metabolismo , Imunoterapia , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Neoplasias/imunologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Epitopos , Humanos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Células Mieloides/metabolismo , Neoplasias/patologia , Proteoma/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Linfócitos T/imunologia
8.
Clin Cancer Res ; 25(15): 4592-4602, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30824587

RESUMO

Immune-checkpoint inhibitors (ICI), particularly inhibitors of the PD-1 axis, have altered the management of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) over the last 10 years. First demonstrated to improve outcomes in second-line or later therapy of advanced disease, ICIs were shown to improve overall survival compared with chemotherapy in first-line therapy for patients whose tumors express PD-L1 on at least 50% of cells. More recently, combining ICIs with chemotherapy has been shown to improve survival in patients with both squamous and nonsquamous NSCLC, regardless of PD-L1 expression. However, PD-L1 and, more recently, tumor mutational burden have not proven to be straightforward indicative biomarkers. We describe the advances to date in utilizing these biomarkers, as well as novel markers of tumor inflammation, to ascertain which patients are most likely to benefit from ICIs. Ongoing translational work promises to improve the proportion of patients who benefit from these agents.

9.
Front Immunol ; 10: 54, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30804928

RESUMO

Cytotoxic CD8+ T lymphocytes (CTL) efficiently control acute virus infections but can become exhausted when a chronic infection develops. The checkpoint receptor PD-1 suppresses the functionality of virus-specific CD8+ T cells during chronic infection. However, the role of the PD-L1/PD-1 pathway during the acute phase of infections has not been well characterized. In the current study the effects of PD-1 or PD-L1 deficiency on the CD8+ T cell response against Friend retroviral (FV) infection of knockout mice was analyzed during acute infection. We observed an enhanced proliferation, functional maturation, and reduced apoptosis of effector CD8+ T cells in the absence of PD-1 or PD-L1. The knockout of PD-L1 had a stronger effect on the functionality of CD8+ T cells than that of PD-1. Augmented CTL responses were associated with an improved control of FV replication. The strong phenotype of FV-infected PD-L1 knockout mice was independent of the interaction with CD80 as an additional receptor for PD-L1. Furthermore, we performed a detailed analysis of the production of different granzymes in virus-specific CD8+ T cells and observed that especially the simultaneous production of multiple granzymes in individual T cells (multifunctionality) was under the control of the PD-1/PD-L1 pathway. The findings from this study allow for a better understanding of the development of antiviral cytotoxic immunity during acute viral infections.

10.
J Thorac Oncol ; 14(6): 1046-1060, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30771521

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to characterize the tumor-infiltrating immune cells population in Kras/tumor protein 53 (Trp53)-driven lung tumors and to evaluate the combinatorial antitumor effect with MEK inhibitor (MEKi), trametinib, and immunomodulatory monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) targeting either programmed death -1 (PD-1) or programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) in vivo. METHODS: Trp53FloxFlox;KrasG12D/+;Rosa26LSL-Luciferase/LSL-Luciferase (PKL) genetically engineered mice were used to develop autochthonous lung tumors with intratracheal delivery of adenoviral Cre recombinase. Using these tumor-bearing lungs, tumor-infiltrating immune cells were characterized by both mass cytometry and flow cytometry. PKL-mediated immunocompetent syngeneic and transgenic lung cancer mouse models were treated with MEKi alone as well as in combination with either anti-PD-1 or anti-PD-L1 mAbs. Tumor growth and survival outcome were assessed. Finally, immune cell populations within spleens and tumors were evaluated by flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) were significantly augmented in PKL-driven lung tumors compared to normal lungs of tumor-free mice. PD-L1 expression appeared to be highly positive in both lung tumor cells and, particularly MDSCs. The combinatory administration of MEKi with either anti-PD-1 or anti-PD-L1 mAbs synergistically increased antitumor response and survival outcome compared with single-agent therapy in both the PKL-mediated syngeneic and transgenic lung cancer models. Theses combinational treatments resulted in significant increases of tumor-infiltrating CD8+ and CD4+ T cells, whereas attenuation of CD11b+/Gr-1high MDSCs, in particular, Ly6Ghigh polymorphonuclear-MDSCs in the syngeneic model. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest a potential therapeutic approach for untargetable Kras/p53-driven lung cancers with synergy between targeted therapy using MEKi and immunotherapies.

11.
Cell ; 176(3): 677, 2019 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30682374
12.
Cell ; 176(1-2): 334-347.e12, 2019 01 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30580966

RESUMO

Lymphocyte-activation gene 3 (LAG-3) is an immune inhibitory receptor, with major histocompatibility complex class II (MHC-II) as a canonical ligand. However, it remains controversial whether MHC-II is solely responsible for the inhibitory function of LAG-3. Here, we demonstrate that fibrinogen-like protein 1 (FGL1), a liver-secreted protein, is a major LAG-3 functional ligand independent from MHC-II. FGL1 inhibits antigen-specific T cell activation, and ablation of FGL1 in mice promotes T cell immunity. Blockade of the FGL1-LAG-3 interaction by monoclonal antibodies stimulates tumor immunity and is therapeutic against established mouse tumors in a receptor-ligand inter-dependent manner. FGL1 is highly produced by human cancer cells, and elevated FGL1 in the plasma of cancer patients is associated with a poor prognosis and resistance to anti-PD-1/B7-H1 therapy. Our findings reveal an immune evasion mechanism and have implications for the design of cancer immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Proteínas de Neoplasias/fisiologia , Animais , Antígenos CD/imunologia , Linhagem Celular , Fibrinogênio/imunologia , Fibrinogênio/metabolismo , Genes MHC da Classe II/genética , Genes MHC da Classe II/imunologia , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe II/genética , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe II/imunologia , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe II/metabolismo , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Ligantes , Fígado/metabolismo , Ativação Linfocitária/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/imunologia , Linfócitos T Citotóxicos/imunologia
13.
Cancer Immunol Res ; 2018 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30401678

RESUMO

Elucidation of the mechanisms of T cell-mediated antitumor responses will provide information for the rational design and development of cancer immunotherapies. Here, we found that calnexin, an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) chaperone protein, is significantly upregulated in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Upregulation of its membranous expression on OSCC cells is associated with inhibited T-cell infiltration in tumor tissues and correlates with poor survival of OSCC patients. We found that calnexin inhibits the proliferation of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells isolated from the whole blood of healthy donors and OSCC patients and inhibits the secretion of IFNγ, TNFα, and IL2 from these cells. Furthermore, in a melanoma model, knockdown of calnexin enhanced the infiltration and effector functions of T cells in the tumor microenvironment and conferred better control of tumor growth, whereas treatment with a recombinant calnexin protein impaired the infiltration and effector functions of T cells and promoted tumor growth. We also found that calnexin enhanced the expression of PD-1 on CD4+ and CD8+ T cells by restraining the DNA methylation status of a CpG island in the PD-1 promoter. Thus, this work uncovers a mechanism by which T-cell antitumor responses are regulated by calnexin in tumor cells and suggests that calnexin might serve as a potential target for the improvement of antitumor immunotherapy.

14.
Cell ; 175(2): 313-326, 2018 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30290139

RESUMO

Harnessing an antitumor immune response has been a fundamental strategy in cancer immunotherapy. For over a century, efforts have primarily focused on amplifying immune activation mechanisms that are employed by humans to eliminate invaders such as viruses and bacteria. This "immune enhancement" strategy often results in rare objective responses and frequent immune-related adverse events (irAEs). However, in the last decade, cancer immunotherapies targeting the B7-H1/PD-1 pathway (anti-PD therapy), have achieved higher objective response rates in patients with much fewer irAEs. This more beneficial tumor response-to-toxicity profile stems from distinct mechanisms of action that restore tumor-induced immune deficiency selectively in the tumor microenvironment, here termed "immune normalization," which has led to its FDA approval in more than 10 cancer indications and facilitated its combination with different therapies. In this article, we wish to highlight the principles of immune normalization and learn from it, with the ultimate goal to guide better designs for future cancer immunotherapies.

15.
J Immunol ; 201(3): 897-907, 2018 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29898965

RESUMO

The potent immune regulatory function of an agonistic B7-H4-Ig fusion protein (B7-H4Ig) has been demonstrated in multiple experimental autoimmune models; however, the identity of a functional B7-H4 receptor remained unknown. The biological activity of B7-H4 is associated with decreased inflammatory CD4+ T cell responses as supported by a correlation between B7-H4-expressing tumor-associated macrophages and Foxp3+ T cells within the tumor microenvironment. Recent data indicate that members of the semaphorin (Sema)/plexin/neuropilin (Nrp) family of proteins both positively and negatively modulate immune cell function. In this study, we show that B7-H4 binds the soluble Sema family member Sema3a. Additionally, B7-H4Ig-induced inhibition of inflammatory CD4+ T cell responses is lost in both Sema3a functional mutant mice and mice lacking Nrp-1 expression in Foxp3+ T cells. These findings indicate that B7-H4Ig binds to Sema3a, which acts as a functional bridge to stimulate an Nrp-1/Plexin A4 heterodimer to form a functional immunoregulatory receptor complex resulting in increased levels of phosphorylated PTEN and enhanced regulatory CD4+ T cell number and function.

16.
Trends Immunol ; 39(8): 624-631, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29802087

RESUMO

Despite the unprecedented tumor regression and long-term survival benefit observed with anti-programmed death (PD) [anti-PD-1 or anti-B7-homolog 1 (B7-H1)] therapy in patients with advanced cancers, a large portion of patients do not benefit from such treatment and a fraction of responders relapse. Current efforts to overcome resistance and improve efficacy of anti-PD therapy require a clear understanding of resistance and should precede current avenues using random combinations with available treatment regimens. Here, we categorized three types of resistance, namely target-missing, primary, and acquired resistance. This categorization requires reliable, accurate tissue sampling and appropriate interpretation of results based on the four classifications of tumor immunity in the microenvironment (TIME). We believe that fundamental understanding of these complex tumor-immune interactions and of the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying these types of true resistance is the key for targeting the right targets in combination with or beyond anti-PD therapy in the future.

17.
Oncoimmunology ; 7(4): e1296996, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29632708

RESUMO

Liver-related autoimmune toxicities triggered by agonistic anti-CD137 antibodies have greatly limited their use in clinical applications. Here, we found that anti-CD137 monoclonal antibody (mAb) treatment in mice induced the infiltration of a large number of S100A4+ macrophages into the liver. Depletion of these cells or deficiency of S100A4 decreased inflammatory cytokine profiles and drastically reduced the number of liver pathogenic CD8+ T cells. Mechanistically, soluble S100A4 directly activated the Akt pathway and specifically prolonged CD8+ T cell survival. Interestingly, one S100A4 neutralizing mAb selectively alleviated liver abnormalities but did not affect the antitumor immunity induced by anti-CD137 mAb therapy. Thus, our study presents a novel molecular link to the liver pathology induced by an immune stimulatory antibody and proposes that combinational immunotherapies targeting those pathways could potentially elicit optimal antitumor immunity with minimal side effects.

18.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 115(12): 3126-3131, 2018 03 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29507197

RESUMO

Induced B7-H1 expression in the tumor microenvironment initiates adaptive resistance, which impairs immune functions and leads to tumor escape from immune destruction. Antibody blockade of the B7-H1/PD-1 interaction overcomes adaptive resistance, leading to regression of advanced human cancers and survival benefits in a significant fraction of patients. In addition to cancer cells, B7-H1 is expressed on dendritic cells (DCs), but its role in DC functions is less understood. DCs can present multiple antigens (Ags) to stimulate dominant or subdominant T cell responses. Here, we show that immunization with multiple tumor Ag-loaded DCs, in the absence of B7-H1, vastly enhances cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses to dominant Ag. In sharp contrast, CTL responses to subdominant Ag were paradoxically suppressed, facilitating outgrowth of tumor variants carrying only subdominant Ag. Suppressed CTL responses to subdominant Ag are largely due to the loss of B7-H1-mediated protection of DCs from the lysis of CTL against dominant Ag. Therefore, B7-H1 expression on DCs may help maintain the diversity of CTL responses to multiple tumor Ags. Interestingly, a split immunization approach, which presents dominant and subdominant Ags with different DCs, promoted CTL responses to all Ags and prevented tumor escape in murine tumor models. These findings have implications for the design of future combination cancer immunotherapies.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-1/metabolismo , Células Dendríticas/fisiologia , Linfócitos T Citotóxicos/fisiologia , Animais , Antígeno B7-1/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Neoplasias Experimentais/imunologia , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo
19.
Nat Med ; 24(3): 262-270, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29431745

RESUMO

Immunotherapy offers new options for cancer treatment, but efficacy varies across cancer types. Colorectal cancers (CRCs) are largely refractory to immune-checkpoint blockade, which suggests the presence of yet uncharacterized immune-suppressive mechanisms. Here we report that the loss of adenomatosis polyposis coli (APC) in intestinal tumor cells or of the tumor suppressor PTEN in melanoma cells upregulates the expression of Dickkopf-related protein 2 (DKK2), which, together with its receptor LRP5, provides an unconventional mechanism for tumor immune evasion. DKK2 secreted by tumor cells acts on cytotoxic lymphocytes, inhibiting STAT5 signaling by impeding STAT5 nuclear localization via LRP5, but independently of LRP6 and the Wnt-ß-catenin pathway. Genetic or antibody-mediated ablation of DKK2 activates natural killer (NK) cells and CD8+ T cells in tumors, impedes tumor progression, and enhances the effects of PD-1 blockade. Thus, we have identified a previously unknown tumor immune-suppressive mechanism and immunotherapeutic targets particularly relevant for CRCs and a subset of melanomas.

20.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 742, 2018 02 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29467366

RESUMO

Semaphorin-4A (Sema4A) has been implicated in the co-stimulation of T cells and drives Th1 immune responses by binding to the receptor T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain protein 2 (Tim-2) in mice. Here we show that human, but not murine, Sema4A is preferentially expressed on antigen-presenting cells, and co-stimulates CD4+ T-cell proliferation and drives Th2 responses. By employing two independent cloning strategies, we demonstrate that Immunoglobulin-like transcript 4 (ILT-4) is a receptor for human SEMA4A (hSEMA4A) on activated CD4+ T cells. We also find hSEMA4A to be highly expressed in human asthmatic lung tissue, implying its potential function in disease pathogenesis. Our study defines a different biological function of hSEMA4A from its murine homolog through its binding to the receptor of ILT-4 to co-stimulate CD4+T cells and regulate Th2 cells differentiation.


Assuntos
Receptores Imunológicos/fisiologia , Semaforinas/fisiologia , Células Th2/citologia , Animais , Células Apresentadoras de Antígenos/citologia , Asma/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/citologia , Diferenciação Celular , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Pulmão/metabolismo , Ativação Linfocitária , Camundongos , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/metabolismo
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