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1.
Science ; 373(6553): 425-430, 2021 07 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34261813

RESUMO

The Crab Nebula is a bright source of gamma rays powered by the Crab Pulsar's rotational energy through the formation and termination of a relativistic electron-positron wind. We report the detection of gamma rays from this source with energies from 5 × 10-4 to 1.1 peta-electron volts with a spectrum showing gradual steepening over three energy decades. The ultrahigh-energy photons imply the presence of a peta-electron volt electron accelerator (a pevatron) in the nebula, with an acceleration rate exceeding 15% of the theoretical limit. We constrain the pevatron's size between 0.025 and 0.1 parsecs and the magnetic field to ≈110 microgauss. The production rate of peta-electron volt electrons, 2.5 × 1036 ergs per second, constitutes 0.5% of the pulsar spin-down luminosity, although we cannot exclude a contribution of peta-electron volt protons to the production of the highest-energy gamma rays.

2.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(7): 627-632, 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34275216

RESUMO

Objective: To introduce the design, manufacture and clinical application of the custom-made temporomandibular joint (TMJ)-skull base combined prosthesis and evaluate its safety, effectiveness and accuracy. Methods: The patients diagnosed with the TMJ-skull base lesion in Department of Oral Surgery, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital from October 2016 to November 2020 were recruited in this study. The maxillofacial CT data for all the patients were obtained and transformed into the Mimics 18.0 software preoperatively. The custom-made TMJ-skull base combined prosthesis, included four components, was designed based on the anatomy, stress distribution and movement of the TMJ and skull base, and fabricated by three-dimensional printing and 5-axis milling technologies. The TMJ-skull base lesion was excised completely with the help of digital templates from modified preauricular and/or post and submandibular incisions. The combined prosthesis were implanted and fixed after the lesion resection. The examinations including general situation, cranio-maxillofacial structure and function were taken during and after surgery to assess its using effect. Results: Ten patients [6 females and 4 males, (43.2±13.6) years old] were included and all prostheses were positioned accurately and fixed excellently. After (29.4±17.3) months follow-up, the occlusion relationship was stable and no adverse symptoms such as dizziness, headache, meningeal irritation and permanent facial nerve injury occurred. The pain, diet, mandibular movement function, lateral movement to diseased side and mouth opening had significant improvements. The forward movement and lateral movement to normal side were not improved significantly. There were no prosthesis displacement, loosening and fracture in X-ray and CT postoperatively. With the pre and postoperative craniomaxillofacial model merging, the maximal implanted error was (0.52±0.17) mm for fossa and condyle and (1.62±0.26) mm for skull base and mandibular handle in surface deviation analysis. Conclusions: The custom-made TMJ-skull base combined prosthesis with customized design and 3D printing fabrication is safe, effective and precise in clinical application.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Prótese Articular , Adulto , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Desenho de Prótese , Base do Crânio , Articulação Temporomandibular/cirurgia
3.
Phys Rev Lett ; 126(24): 241103, 2021 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34213924

RESUMO

We report the discovery of an extended very-high-energy (VHE) gamma-ray source around the location of the middle-aged (207.8 kyr) pulsar PSR J0622+3749 with the Large High-Altitude Air Shower Observatory (LHAASO). The source is detected with a significance of 8.2σ for E>25 TeV assuming a Gaussian template. The best-fit location is (right ascension, declination) =(95.47°±0.11°,37.92°±0.09°), and the extension is 0.40°±0.07°. The energy spectrum can be described by a power-law spectrum with an index of -2.92±0.17_{stat}±0.02_{sys}. No clear extended multiwavelength counterpart of the LHAASO source has been found from the radio to sub-TeV bands. The LHAASO observations are consistent with the scenario that VHE electrons escaped from the pulsar, diffused in the interstellar medium, and scattered the interstellar radiation field. If interpreted as the pulsar halo scenario, the diffusion coefficient, inferred for electrons with median energies of ∼160 TeV, is consistent with those obtained from the extended halos around Geminga and Monogem and much smaller than that derived from cosmic ray secondaries. The LHAASO discovery of this source thus likely enriches the class of so-called pulsar halos and confirms that high-energy particles generally diffuse very slowly in the disturbed medium around pulsars.

4.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(3): 560-565, 2021 Jun 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34145861

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To understand the relationship between health literacy and patient experience of outpatients in China, and to explore its mechanism. METHODS: The conceptual framework was developed based on Andersen's behavioral model of health services use and health literacy skills framework. An online cross-sectional survey was conducted with snowball sampling method, while the health literacy was measured by self-designed patient health literacy scale, and the patient experience was measured by the Chinese patient experience questionnaire for ambulatory care developed by Peking Union Medical College. And a structural equation model was built to explore the relationship between them and test the mechanism of health literacy influencing patient experience. RESULTS: A total of 2 773 subjects were investigated. The average score of health literacy was (90.72±12.90) points, accounting for 78.89% of the full score, and the dimension of seeking social support had the lowest score. The average score of overall rating of patient experience was (3.71±0.74) points, and the scores of each dimension of patient experience were between 3.56 and 3.80. The model fit indices of structural equation model for overall rating of patient experience among the outpatients were χ2/df=9.29 (χ2=4 107.27, df=442), root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA)=0.055 (< 0.06), comparative fit index (CFI)=0.926 (>0.90), Tucker-Lewis index (TLI)=0.918 (>0.90), standardized root mean square residual (SRMR)=0.061 (< 0.08), the model was acceptable. The variance in patient experience explained by the model was 0.108. The structural equation model analysis results showed that the overall rating of outpatient experience was directly affected by health literacy (ß=0.263, P < 0.001), also indirectly affected by health literacy (ß=0.012, P < 0.001). In other words, the overall rating increased by 0.275 units for each standard deviation increase of health literacy. Self-evaluated health status mediated the relationship between health literacy and the overall rating of outpatient experience. In terms of diffe-rent dimensions of patient experience, the standardized path coefficient of the total effect of health literacy on patient experience was as follows: Information guidance 0.337, humanistic care 0.319, communication with doctors 0.294, service efficiency 0.240, and hospital environment 0.173. CONCLUSION: The patients with higher level of health literacy were more likely to have a better outpatient experience in China, and the information guidance experience and humanistic care experience were most affected by health literacy. And the communication and information utilization ability had the greatest influence on patient experience.


Assuntos
Letramento em Saúde , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Nature ; 594(7861): 33-36, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34002091

RESUMO

The extension of the cosmic-ray spectrum beyond 1 petaelectronvolt (PeV; 1015 electronvolts) indicates the existence of the so-called PeVatrons-cosmic-ray factories that accelerate particles to PeV energies. We need to locate and identify such objects to find the origin of Galactic cosmic rays1. The principal signature of both electron and proton PeVatrons is ultrahigh-energy (exceeding 100 TeV) γ radiation. Evidence of the presence of a proton PeVatron has been found in the Galactic Centre, according to the detection of a hard-spectrum radiation extending to 0.04 PeV (ref. 2). Although γ-rays with energies slightly higher than 0.1 PeV have been reported from a few objects in the Galactic plane3-6, unbiased identification and in-depth exploration of PeVatrons requires detection of γ-rays with energies well above 0.1 PeV. Here we report the detection of more than 530 photons at energies above 100 teraelectronvolts and up to 1.4 PeV from 12 ultrahigh-energy γ-ray sources with a statistical significance greater than seven standard deviations. Despite having several potential counterparts in their proximity, including pulsar wind nebulae, supernova remnants and star-forming regions, the PeVatrons responsible for the ultrahigh-energy γ-rays have not yet been firmly localized and identified (except for the Crab Nebula), leaving open the origin of these extreme accelerators.

7.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 50(2): 103-107, 2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33535303

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features, differential diagnosis and molecular characteristics of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) with hemangioblastoma component (ccRCC-HBc). Methods: Two ccRCC-HBc cases diagnosed at Fujian Provincial Hospital in September 2015 and March 2016, respectively, were included. Their morphological, immunohistochemical and molecular features were analyzed, including fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) detection of TFE3, TFEB and VHL genes. Related literature was reviewed to reveal the characteristics of this tumor. Results: The two cases occurred in 2 women, aged 33 and 66 years, respectively. The maximum diameters of the tumors were 4.0 cm and 8.5 cm, respectively. Histologically, the ccRCC component, representing approximate 10%-20% of the neoplasm, while the tumor cells arranged in flaky, nested, and solid distribution. The tumor cells had conspicuous nucleoli, with rich thin-wall capillary network in the stroma. The hemangioblastoma-like component, representing approximate 60%-70% of the neoplasm, showed a rich capillary network of single-layered flat endothelial cells enclosing stromal cells. The latter cell type showed a pale or eosinophilic cytoplasm exhibiting occasional lipid droplets. Rare cell nuclei appeared enlarged, pleomorphic, or bizarre. The two components were intermingled with each other. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were positive for PAX8, CKpan, EMA, vimentin, CD10, RCC, CAⅨ, and P504s in ccRCC area; in another area, the tumor cells were positive for α-inhibin, CD34 and vimentin, while CD10 were weakly positive. Neither TFE3 or TFEB gene split signal was detected in the 2 cases (0/2), nor was VHL gene mutation in case 2 (0/1). Conclusion: ccRCC-HBc is an extremely rare entity of ccRCC. The diagnosis is mainly based on clinical and pathological characteristics, as well as immunohistochemistry. Molecular pathology is helpful for its differential diagnosis. The primary approach of treating ccRCC-HBc is complete surgical excision and chemotherapy. The targeted treatment is helpful if possible.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Hemangioblastoma , Neoplasias Renais , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma de Células Renais/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/genética , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Células Endoteliais , Feminino , Hemangioblastoma/diagnóstico , Hemangioblastoma/genética , Hemangioblastoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Neoplasias Renais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Renais/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
9.
BJOG ; 128(6): 1030-1034, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33249716

RESUMO

We describe a novel surgical technique in 31 women with histopathologically confirmed placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) disorders managed by a multidisciplinary team using a prophylactic infrarenal abdominal aortic cross-clamping technique during caesarean hysterectomy. We conclude that this new surgical procedure is a relatively safe technique to potentially control operative blood loss. Our work may stimulate others to develop protocols assessing this innovative technique to improve the surgical outcome of PAS disorders.


Assuntos
Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Cesárea/métodos , Hemostasia Cirúrgica/métodos , Histerectomia/métodos , Placenta Acreta , Hemorragia Pós-Parto , Adulto , Aorta Abdominal , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Constrição , Duração da Terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia/efeitos adversos , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Placenta Acreta/diagnóstico , Placenta Acreta/cirurgia , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/etiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/prevenção & controle , Gravidez , Taiwan , Ultrassonografia Doppler em Cores/métodos
10.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(42): 3332-3337, 2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33202497

RESUMO

Objective: Modeling the immune-related adverse events (irAE) colitis in mice, and explore the protective effect and related mechanism of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) on irAE colitis. Methods: C57BL/6 mice were divided into dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) group (n=3), DSS+anti-programmed death receptor 1 (PD-1) group (n=4), DSS+anti-PD-1+anti-cytotoxic T lymphocyte associated protein 4 (CTLA-4) Group (n=4), DSS+anti-PD-1+anti-CTLA-4+LGG group (n=4), all were given corresponding drugs and probiotics intervention. The severity of colitis were assessed by weight loss, disease activity index (DAI), colon length, colon histopathological score. The inflammatory cytokines and T cell immunity of CD4+, CD8+, FoxP3+regulatory T cells (Treg), were detected by real-time quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and immunohistochemical staining respectively. Results: Compared to DSS group, the Day 9 weight [(87.40±1.79)% vs (94.57±0.53)%, P<0.05], colon length [(5.33±0.27)cm vs (6.63±0.12)cm, P<0.05] were lower, and DAI score(2.66±0.24 vs 0.89±0.48), colon histopathological score (12.50±1.04 vs 5.67±0.33), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) (6.73±1.68 vs 0.91±0.40) (P<0.05), as well CD8+T cells (156.80±8.84 vs 89.00±6.66) and FoxP3+Treg cells (103.80±2.66 vs 48.33±3.18) (P<0.05) were higher in DSS+anti-PD-1+anti-CTLA-4 group. Compared to DSS+anti-PD-1+anti-CTLA-4 group, the DAI score(1.83±0.17 vs 2.66±0.24), colonic histopathology score (8.75±0.63 vs 12.50±1.04), TNF-α level (1.32±0.18 vs 6.73±1.68) (P<0.05) were lower; and CD8+T cells(97.75±3.75 vs 156.80±8.84, P<0.01) level was lower with higher FoxP3+Treg cells (126.00±8.33 vs 103.80±2.66, P=0.046) in DSS+anti-PD-1+anti-CTLA-4+LGG group. Conclusion: DSS combined with anti-PD-1 and anti-CTLA-4 can successfully modeling the irAE colitis in mice, LGG can reduce irAE colitis severity by regulating Treg cells.


Assuntos
Colite , Lactobacillus rhamnosus , Animais , Colite/induzido quimicamente , Colo , Sulfato de Dextrana , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
11.
Eur J Appl Math ; 31(1): 143-171, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33149377

RESUMO

Tissue engineering aims to grow artificial tissues in vitro to replace those in the body that have been damaged through age, trauma or disease. A recent approach to engineer artificial cartilage involves seeding cells within a scaffold consisting of an interconnected 3D-printed lattice of polymer fibres combined with a cast or printed hydrogel, and subjecting the construct (cell-seeded scaffold) to an applied load in a bioreactor. A key question is to understand how the applied load is distributed throughout the construct. To address this, we employ homogenisation theory to derive equations governing the effective macroscale material properties of a periodic, elastic-poroelastic composite. We treat the fibres as a linear elastic material and the hydrogel as a poroelastic material, and exploit the disparate length scales (small inter-fibre spacing compared with construct dimensions) to derive macroscale equations governing the response of the composite to an applied load. This homogenised description reflects the orthotropic nature of the composite. To validate the model, solutions from finite element simulations of the macroscale, homogenised equations are compared to experimental data describing the unconfined compression of the fibre-reinforced hydrogels. The model is used to derive the bulk mechanical properties of a cylindrical construct of the composite material for a range of fibre spacings and to determine the local mechanical environment experienced by cells embedded within the construct.

12.
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 55(11): 1016-1021, 2020 Nov 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33210879

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the airway and voice quality improvement in patients with bilateral vocal fold paralysis (BVFP) who underwent selective laryngeal reinnervation surgery. Methods: From January 2012 to December 2016, a retrospective study was conducted in 39 patients with BVFP who underwent selective laryngeal reinnervation surgery in Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Navy Medical University. All patients were examined by videostroboscopy, vocal function assessment, laryngeal electromyography and pulmonary function test before and after the surgery, and followed up for at least 2 years to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the surgery.Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to analyze the G score and VHI-10 score data. Paired t-test was used to analyze acoustic parameters, MPT values and pulmonary function parameters. Results: Postoperative infection and hemorrhage occurred in one patient separately.Videostroboscopic videos showed that at 4-8 months postoperatively, vocal folds in 35 patients achieved moderate or severe abduction during inspiration, 2 patients only achieved mild abduction, 2 patients showed no abduction,while all patients achieved adduction in bilateral vocal cords during phonation. The recovery rate of moderate-to-severe abduction was 89.7% (35/39), and these patients were decannulated successfully. At 12 months after operation, G score and VHI-10 score were significantly lower than those before operation (P<0.05), and the acoustic parameters jitter, shimmer, HNR and MPT were significantly improved (P<0.05). Most of the parameters of the pulmonary function test at 3 months postoperatively returned to the normal reference level, while the maximum inspiratory pressure (PImax) at 12 months after operation was still slightly lower than the normal level, but it was significantly improved compared with preoperative value (P<0.05). The EMG data at 12 months postoperatively showed full interference potentials in 37 patients in bilateral posterior cricoarytenoid muscles during inspiration, and full interference potentials in bilateralthyroarytenoid muscles during phonation. Obvious misdirected regeneration electric activitieswere found in two of them. Potentials in posterior cricoarytenoid muscle were weak in 2 cases with poor abduction. During long-term follow-up, only one case showed decreased abduction, but did not affect respiratory function. Conclusions: The selective laryngeal reinnervation procedure applied in the present study can restore physiological motion of vocal cords. The success rate was high, the curative effect was stable, and the complications were rare. It is worth of promotion.


Assuntos
Nervo Frênico , Prega Vocal , Eletromiografia , Humanos , Nervo Hipoglosso , Músculos Laríngeos , Nervo Laríngeo Recorrente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Prega Vocal/cirurgia
13.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(8): 629-634, 2020 Aug 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867453

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of esculin on the proliferation of triple negative breast cancer cells and its molecular mechanism. Methods: MDA-MB-231 cells were treated with 28, 56, 112, 225, 450 and 900 µmol/L of esculin for 24, 48 and 72 h, respectively, and the cell viability was detected by cell counting kit 8 (CCK-8) assay. In addition, MDA-MB-231 cells were treated with 0, 225, 450 and 900 µmol/L of esculin for 48 h. And then the changes in cell morphology were observed by inverted microscope. The clone-forming ability was detected by colony formation assay. The mRNA expression levels of FBI-1, p53 and p21 were detected using real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The protein expression levels of FBI-1, p53, p21 and Ki67 were detected by western blot. Results: Compared with the blank control group, the cell viability of MDA-MB-231 cells that treated with esculin significantly decreased in a dose-dependent and time-dependent manners. After treatment with esculin, MDA-MB-231 cells shrunk, flattened, adhered poorly to the culture dish and the cell spacing became larger. Meanwhile, shedding and incomplete cells appeared, of which 900 µmol/L of esculin treatment group showed the most dramatic changes. In addition, the colony formation ratios were decreased to (77.18±5.13)%, (65.94±4.98)% and (45.92±3.70)% in the 225, 450 and 900 µmol/L of esculin treatment groups compared with blank control, respectively (P<0.01). Furthermore, the mRNA and protein expressions of FBI-1 increased, while the levels of p53 and p21 mRNA and protein, as well as the protein expression of Ki67 decreased in a concentration-dependent manner (P<0.01). Conclusion: Esculin may regulate cell cycle-related p53-p21 pathway via FBI-1 mediated DNA replication, thus inhibit the proliferation of triple negative breast cancer cells.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Esculina/farmacologia , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Ciclo Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Fatores de Transcrição , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia
14.
Poult Sci ; 99(9): 4479-4487, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867991

RESUMO

This study was conducted to explore the regulatory role of methionine (Met) in feather follicle and feather development during the embryonic period of chicks. A total of 280 fertile eggs (40 eggs/group) were injected with 0, 5, 10, 20 mg of L-Met or DL-Met/per egg on embryonic day 9 (E9), and whole-body feather and skin tissues were collected on E15 and the day of hatching (DOH). The whole-body feather weight was determined to describe the feather growth, and the skin samples were subjected to hematoxylin and eosin staining and Western blotting for the evaluation of feather follicle development and the expressions of Wingless/Int (Wnt)/ß-catenin signaling pathway proteins, respectively. The results showed that L- or DL-Met did not affect the embryo weight (P > 0.05), but increased the absolute and relative whole-body feather weights. Specifically, 5 and 10 mg of L-Met and 5, 10, and 20 mg of DL-Met significantly increased the absolute feather weight at E15 (P < 0.05), and 10 mg of L-Met and 5 and 10 mg of DL-Met significantly increased the absolute and relative feather weight on the DOH (P < 0.05). Moreover, a main effect analysis suggested that changes in the embryo and feather weights were related to the Met levels (P < 0.05) but not the Met source (P > 0.05). The levels of L- and DL-Met were quadratically correlated with the absolute and relative feather weights of chicks on the DOH (P < 0.05). Correspondingly, all doses of L- and DL-Met significantly increased the diameter and density of feather follicles on the DOH (P < 0.05), as well as the activity of Wnt/ß-catenin on E15 and the DOH (P < 0.05). In conclusion, injection of either L- or DL-Met can improve feather follicle development by activating Wnt/ß-catenin signaling, and thereby promoting feather growth; furthermore, no difference in feather growth was found between L- and DL-Met treatments. Our findings might provide a nutritional intervention for regulating feather growth in poultry production.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Plumas , Metionina , Transdução de Sinais , Proteínas Wnt , beta Catenina , Animais , Embrião de Galinha , Plumas/embriologia , Metionina/farmacologia , Proteínas Wnt/metabolismo , beta Catenina/genética , beta Catenina/metabolismo
15.
Poult Sci ; 99(5): 2315-2323, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32359566

RESUMO

Avian feathers have robust growth and regeneration capability and serve as a useful model for decoding hair morphogenesis and other developmental studies. However, the molecular signaling involved in regulating the development of feather follicles is unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway in regulating feather morphogenesis in embryonic chicks through in ovo injection of different doses of Dickkopf-1 (DKK1, a specific inhibitor of the target of the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway). A total of 120 fertilized embryo eggs were randomly divided into 4 treatments, including a noninjection group (control group) and groups injected with 100 µL of phosphate-buffered saline (PBS)/egg (PBS control group), 100 µL of PBS/egg containing 600-ng DKK1/egg (600-ng DKK1 group), and 100-µL PBS/egg containing 1,200-ng DKK1/egg (1,200-ng DKK1 group). Feathers and skin tissues were sampled on embryonic (E) day 15 and the day of hatching to examine the feather mass, diameter and density of feather follicles, and the protein expression of the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway. The results showed that, compared with CON and PBS treatment, the injection of DKK1 into the yolk sac of chick embryos had no significant effect on the hatching rate and embryo weight (P > 0.05), while it significantly decreased the relative mass of feathers in the whole body (P < 0.05). The high dose of DKK1 (1,200-ng DKK1/egg) decreased the relative mass of feathers on the back, chest, belly, neck, wings, head, and legs, which was more obvious than that in the 600-ng DKK1 group, which presented a dose-dependent effect. In addition, DKK1 injection significantly downregulated the protein expression levels of ß-catenin, transcription factor 4, Cyclin D1, and c-Myc (P < 0.05). The immunofluorescence result of ß-catenin was consistent with the Western blotting assay results. Altogether, these observations suggested that the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway is involved in regulating feather follicle development and feather growth during the embryonic development of chicks.


Assuntos
Embrião de Galinha/embriologia , Galinhas/fisiologia , Plumas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Transdução de Sinais , Via de Sinalização Wnt/fisiologia , Animais , Morfogênese
16.
Poult Sci ; 99(1): 416-422, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32416826

RESUMO

This study was conducted to explore the regulatory role of the target of rapamycin complex 1 (TORC1) signaling pathway in crop milk synthesis in breeding pigeons (Columba livia). Three groups of breeding pigeons in the lactation period (n = 30 pairs/group) were respectively injected with rapamycin (RAPA, a specific inhibitor of the target of rapamycin complex) at doses of 0 (vehicle, control), 0.6, or 1.2 mg/kg body weight (BW)/day via the wing vein for 7 days. The average daily feed intake (ADFI) and BW of the breeding pigeons and the BW of young squabs were respectively recorded throughout the experimental period. The breeding pigeons were sacrificed to collect their crop tissues, crop milk, and serum on the eighth day of the experiment. The results showed that neither 0.6 nor 1.2 mg/kg BW RAPA injection affected BW loss or ADFI in breeding pigeons (P > 0.05), while crop thickness and crop relative weight were significantly decreased (P < 0.05) in the 1.2 mg/kg BW rapamycin-injected group. Simultaneously, RAPA (especially at 1.2 mg/kg BW) decreased the crude protein, αs1-casein, αs2-casein, ß-casein, and amino acid contents (Asp, Thr, Ser, Glu, Gly, Ala, Cys, Val, Met, Ile, Leu, Tyr, Lys, His, Arg, and Pro) of crop milk (P < 0.05) and the concentrations of albumin, total protein, and uric acid in the serum of breeding pigeons (P < 0.05). Additionally, the expression of TORC1 pathway-related proteins (TORC1, S6K1, S6, 4EBP1, and eIF4E) was downregulated in the crop tissues of breeding pigeons by 0.6 or 1.2 mg/kg BW/day RAPA injection (P < 0.05). Accordingly, the average daily gain (ADG) of young squabs declined, and the mortality rate increased significantly (P < 0.05). Together, the results showed that RAPA reduced protein and amino acid levels in the crop milk of breeding pigeons and retarded young squab growth, suggesting a crucial role of TORC1 in crop milk synthesis in breeding pigeons.


Assuntos
Proteínas Aviárias/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Aviárias/biossíntese , Columbidae/metabolismo , Papo das Aves/metabolismo , Alvo Mecanístico do Complexo 1 de Rapamicina/antagonistas & inibidores , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Columbidae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Alvo Mecanístico do Complexo 1 de Rapamicina/biossíntese , Proteínas do Leite/biossíntese , Distribuição Aleatória , Sirolimo/administração & dosagem , Sirolimo/imunologia
17.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(11): 828-832, 2020 Mar 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234153

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the feasibility of short-term efficacy prognosis prediction model for HCC patients undergoing transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) based on MRI-based radiomics technique. Methods: A total of 123 patients with liver cancer who received TACE treatment in Lishui Central Hospital from June 2016 to July 2018 were retrospectively collected, including 90 males and 33 females, with an average age of 24-83 (58±10) years. All the patients were pathologically confirmed as hepatocellular carcinoma and underwent MRI scan before surgery.All patients were followed up 3-4 months after TACE, and further divided into training group (n=85, 42 of which were effective and 43 cases were ineffective) and the validation group (n=38, 19 of which were effective and 19 were ineffective) according to the modified response evaluation criteria in solid tumors (mRECIST). There was no statistical difference in the general information between the two groups of patients, which was comparable. Then, preoperative T(2)WI images were used for radiomics analysis, texture parameters were screened based on R language, and short-term efficacy prediction model of TACE for training group and verification group was constructed. Results: T(2)WI image analysis of each patient received 396 different texture parameters, and further used Lasso dimensionality reduction and 10 times cross-validation screening to obtain 5 characteristic texture parameters, specifically stdDeviation, ClusterProminence_angle135_offset4, Correlation_angle135_offset4, Inertia_angle135_offset4, InverseDifferenceMoment_angle45_offset4. According to the above five texture parameters and their corresponding coefficient values, the corresponding radiomics scores (Radscore) were calculated, and the prediction models of the training group and the verification group were further constructed.It was found that the area under the ROC curve of the training group was 0.812 (95%CI: 0.722-0.901), the sensitivity and specificity were 83.7% and 69.0%, respectively. The area under the ROC curve of the validation group was 0.801 (95%CI:0.654-0.947), and the sensitivity and specificity were 89.5% and 63.2%, respectively. Conclusion: The constructed TACE prediction model in the present study has high prediction accuracy, sensitivity and specificity.The short-term efficacy prognosis prediction model for HCC based on MRI is constructed, stable and reliable.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Quimioembolização Terapêutica , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Idioma , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
18.
Br Poult Sci ; 61(5): 557-565, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32329625

RESUMO

1. This study investigated the pattern of feather follicle morphogenesis and the expression of the Wnt/ß-catenin signalling pathway in the skin of yellow-feathered broiler chick embryos during feather development, using haematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining and Western blot assays, respectively. 2. The results showed that the skin displayed protrusions during embryonic days E7-E9, feather buds elongated during E10-E11 with anterior-posterior and proximal-distal asymmetries, and the epidermis invaginated to form the primary feather follicles (Pfs) at E12. At E13, the formation of the feather follicle and the epidermis at the base of the feather bud further invaginated into the dermis. By E15, Pf formation was essentially complete, and secondary feather follicles (Sfs) appeared. It was speculated that Pfs and Sfs developed independently and that Pfs occurred earlier than Sfs. 3. Quantitative measurements of Pf density reached a maximum at E15 and then decreased gradually. Sf density started to increase from E15. 4. Protein expression levels of ß-catenin, TCF4, cyclin D1, and c-Myc were significantly increased during E8-E12 (P < 0.05) and then decreased from E13 to the day of hatching (DOH) (P < 0.05). The result of the ß-catenin immunolocalisation signal intensity assay was consistent with the result of the Western blot assay. 5. Collectively, the results indicated that the Wnt/ß-catenin signalling pathway is essential for promoting the development of feather follicles, especially during E7-E15.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Plumas , Animais , Embrião de Galinha , Galinhas/genética , Morfogênese , Pele , Via de Sinalização Wnt
19.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 49(2): 224-229, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31272900

RESUMO

This article describes the experience with the endoscopically assisted fixation of the customized total temporomandibular joint (TMJ) prosthesis in TMJ Yang's system only through a modified preauricular approach. Twenty patients (23 joints) treated with the custom-made total TMJ prosthesis were retrospectively recruited. An endoscopically assisted technique was used through a modified preauricular approach to fix the mandibular component for all these patients. These reconstructions were evaluated by surgical records, clinical examinations, and radiographic observations. All patients had successful fixation of the prosthesis. No patient had permanent weakness of the facial nerve and malocclusion or any other severe complications. The mean operative time was 111 min per joint (range, 85-133 min). The average surgical bleeding was 195 ml per side. The mean follow-up period was 16.2 months (range, 5-32 months). The mean scores were 8.3 for surgical satisfaction and 9.2 for scar healing evaluation. All patients experienced positive clinical outcomes, with a mean 75.2% reduction in pain and 53.7% increase in mouth opening with significant differences (P<0.05). The endoscopically assisted TMJ reconstruction with the customized prosthesis in TMJ Yang's system through the modified preauricular approach could produce good aesthetic and functional results.


Assuntos
Prótese Articular , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Estética Dentária , Humanos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Articulação Temporomandibular , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Poult Sci ; 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31504948

RESUMO

This study was conducted to explore the regulatory role of the target of rapamycin complex 1 (TORC1) signaling pathway in crop milk synthesis in breeding pigeons (Columba livia). Three groups of breeding pigeons in the lactation period (n = 30 pairs/group) were respectively injected with rapamycin (RAPA, a specific inhibitor of the target of rapamycin complex) at doses of 0 (vehicle, control), 0.6, or 1.2 mg/kg body weight (BW)/day via the wing vein for 7 days. The average daily feed intake (ADFI) and BW of the breeding pigeons and the BW of young squabs were respectively recorded throughout the experimental period. The breeding pigeons were sacrificed to collect their crop tissues, crop milk, and serum on the eighth day of the experiment. The results showed that neither 0.6 nor 1.2 mg/kg BW RAPA injection affected BW loss or ADFI in breeding pigeons (P > 0.05), while crop thickness and crop relative weight were significantly decreased (P < 0.05) in the 1.2 mg/kg BW rapamycin-injected group. Simultaneously, RAPA (especially at 1.2 mg/kg BW) decreased the crude protein, αs1-casein, αs2-casein, ß-casein, and amino acid contents (Asp, Thr, Ser, Glu, Gly, Ala, Cys, Val, Met, Ile, Leu, Tyr, Lys, His, Arg, and Pro) of crop milk (P < 0.05) and the concentrations of albumin, total protein, and uric acid in the serum of breeding pigeons (P < 0.05). Additionally, the expression of TORC1 pathway-related proteins (TORC1, S6K1, S6, 4EBP1, and eIF4E) was downregulated in the crop tissues of breeding pigeons by 0.6 or 1.2 mg/kg BW/day RAPA injection (P < 0.05). Accordingly, the average daily gain (ADG) of young squabs declined, and the mortality rate increased significantly (P < 0.05). Together, the results showed that RAPA reduced protein and amino acid levels in the crop milk of breeding pigeons and retarded young squab growth, suggesting a crucial role of TORC1 in crop milk synthesis in breeding pigeons.

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