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1.
J Org Chem ; 83(15): 7648-7658, 2018 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29799747

RESUMO

A Brønsted acid-promoted, unprecedented formal (3 + 2) annulation strategy for the synthesis of multisubstituted furan-3-carbothioates is reported. This transformation represents the first regioselective annulation of α-oxo ketene dithio-acetals as 1,3-bis-nucleophiles in a cascade manner. The choice of isoindoline-1,3-dione-derived propargyl alcohols is crucial to the uncommon annulation mode between an alkyne-type bis-electrophile and a 1,3-bis-nucleophile under metal-free conditions. The scale-up of the synthesis and several interesting transformations of an as-synthesized product were further investigated. A Nazarov-like cyclization is proposed for the ring-closure process according to the experimental observations.

2.
Org Biomol Chem ; 15(15): 3165-3169, 2017 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28345712

RESUMO

A new protocol is described for the conversion of heteroarene N-oxides to heteroarylphosphonates through in situ activation with bromotrichloromethane. The N-oxides of isoquinoline, quinoline, quinoxaline and 1,10-phenanthroline were fast transformed into the corresponding heteroarylphosphonates in up to 92% yield under mild conditions in the absence of solvent and metal catalysts. The good functional group tolerance, low cost, feasibility of scale up, and wide availability of reagents make this method a prominent complement to the Hirao coupling.

3.
Chin J Integr Med ; 19(12): 905-12, 2013 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24307310

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore differences in bone marrow angiogenesis seen in aplastic anemia (AA) patients presenting with differential Chinese medicine (CM) syndrome, and to correlate these differences with clinical pathology. METHODS: Thirty-five patients were enrolled, including 18 with "yang deficiency syndrome" and 17 with "yin deficiency syndrome." Bone marrow biopsies and serum were collected. Microvessel density (MVD) and positive expression of vascular endothelial-derived growth factor (VEGF) were detected by immunohistochemisty. Hypoxia inducible factor -1α (HIF-1α), and VEGF expression were assayed by enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay (ELISA), serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) was tested by enzyme method and liquid chip technology was used to detected the expression of interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, interferon (IFN)-γ and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α. RESULTS: Counts for leukocytes, absolute neutrophils and platelets in "yin deficiency syndrome" were lower than those found in "yang deficiency syndrome" (P<0.05). MVD and VEGF expression, and the positive rate of CD34 and VEGF in bone marrow were lower in AA, especially in "yin deficiency syndrome" (P<0.01 or P<0.05). "Yin deficiency syndrome" displayed decreased VEGF and LDH expression, and enhanced expression of HIF-1α as compared to "yang deficiency syndrome" (P<0.05). Levels of IL-4 and IL-6 were higher in AA (P<0.01), but IL-10 was decreased (P<0.05). High TNF-α expression was seen in "yang deficiency syndrome" and IFN-γ expression was decreased in "yin deficiency syndrome" as compared with normals (P <0.01 and P<0.05, respectively). CONCLUSION: AA patients have lower MVD than normals, especially in "yin deficiency syndrome." MVD might differentially correlate to disease severity, and could be dependent on bone marrow or serum VEGF expression and LDH. Additionally, IL-2, IL-10, IL-4 and IFN-γ were negatively associated while IL-6 and TNF-α were positively associated with MVD.


Assuntos
Anemia Aplástica/fisiopatologia , Medula Óssea/irrigação sanguínea , Neovascularização Patológica , Deficiência da Energia Yang/fisiopatologia , Deficiência da Energia Yin/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Anemia Aplástica/complicações , Anemia Aplástica/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/sangue , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/sangue , Deficiência da Energia Yang/complicações , Deficiência da Energia Yang/patologia , Deficiência da Energia Yin/complicações , Deficiência da Energia Yin/patologia , Adulto Jovem
4.
Chin J Dig Dis ; 7(4): 225-9, 2006.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17054585

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of nerve growth factor receptor p75 in a normal and cathartic colon and its significance in the formation of the cathartic colon in rats. METHODS: Sixty Sprague-Dawley rats were equally divided into normal control group, rhubarb group and phenolphthalein group. A model of the cathartic colon was constructed by gastric infusion with rhubarb or phenolphthalein in rats. The first dose of rhubarb and phenolphthalein was both 200 mg/kg/d and was increased by 200 mg/kg/d with each passing day. The last dose of rhubarb and phenolphthalein was 3200 mg/kg/d and 4200 mg/kg/d, respectively. The transit function of colon was measured by the Chinese ink expulsion test; the p75 in colon wall was determined by the immunohistochemical method. RESULTS: The transit speed was much slower in the cathartic colon group than that in the control group. The imprinted Chinese ink length and the ratio of imprinted length/total colon length in the rhubarb-induced cathartic colon was significantly shorter than that of the control group (77.38 +/- 8.42 vs 94.25 +/- 7.07 cm, P < 0.01). Those in the phenolphthalein-induced group (83.38 +/- 9.75 cm) were also significantly shorter than those of the control group but to a lesser degree (P < 0.05). p75 was abundantly expressed in the submucosal nerve plexus and weakly expressed in the myenteric plexus. The expression of p75 was much higher in the rhubarb-induced group. The expression was strongly positive in the submucosal nerve plexus, significantly higher than that in the controls (P < 0.01). In the myenteric plexus, p75 was also highly expressed (P < 0.05). In the case of the phenolphthalein-induced group, the expression of p75 was positive in the submucosal nerve plexus but was positive in the myenteric plexus of three rats only. The remaining rats were negative or weakly positive. This was not significantly different from that of the control group. CONCLUSIONS: The abnormal expression of p75 in cathartic colon probably has some effect on the degeneration or apoptosis of neuronal cells in the enteric nerve plexus, with a subsequent pathological change of the enteric nervous system, and thus leads to abnormalities in colonic dynamics. The kind of lesion is probably associated with long-term use of irritative cathartics.


Assuntos
Colo/metabolismo , Doenças do Colo/metabolismo , Trânsito Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Receptor de Fator de Crescimento Neural/metabolismo , Animais , Carbono , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Sistema Nervoso Entérico , Feminino , Trânsito Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Fenolftaleína/farmacologia , Preparações de Plantas/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptor de Fator de Crescimento Neural/efeitos dos fármacos , Rheum
5.
World J Gastroenterol ; 11(41): 6518-20, 2005 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16425426

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the effect of H pylori eradication on atrophic gastritis and intestinal metaplasia (IM). METHODS: Two hundred and fifty-nine patients with atrophic gastritis in the antrum were included in the study, 154 patients were selected for H pylori eradication therapy and the remaining 105 patients served as untreated group. Gastroscopy and biopsies were performed both at the beginning and at the end of a 3-year follow-up study. Gastritis was graded according to the updated Sydney system. RESULTS: One hundred and seventy-nine patients completed the follow-up, 92 of them received H pylori eradication therapy and the remaining 87 H pylori-infected patients were in the untreated group. Chronic gastritis, active gastritis and the grade of atrophy significantly decreased in H pylori eradication group (P<0.01). However, the grade of IM increased in H pylori -infected group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: H pylori eradication may improve gastric mucosal inflammation, atrophy and prevent the progression of IM.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Gastrite Atrófica/microbiologia , Gastrite Atrófica/patologia , Infecções por Helicobacter/tratamento farmacológico , Helicobacter pylori , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Gastrite Atrófica/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Helicobacter/complicações , Infecções por Helicobacter/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Metaplasia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/microbiologia , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/patologia , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/prevenção & controle
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