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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33170459

RESUMO

We describe a case of a 32-year-old man who died due to bilateral re-expansion pulmonary edema (RPE) following the insertion a chest tube for unilateral spontaneous pneumothorax. Fifteen minutes after inserting the chest tube, the patient with right spontaneous pneumothorax was diagnosed with right re-expansion edema by chest radiograph. Although multiple treatments were administered, the patient died. However, the findings from autopsy showed bilateral RPE existed in the decedent but not unilateral RPE. Autopsy, microscopic examination, and clinical records concluded that the cause of death was acute cardiac and respiratory failure due to bilateral re-expansion pulmonary edema following unilateral spontaneous pneumothorax. Bilateral RPE due to a unilateral pneumothorax is quite rare in clinical and forensic practice. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time that the pathological changes of RPE have been described by gross and microscopic examinations. This case is reported to provide histopathologic references for diagnosis of RPE and indicate that combining death investigation, pathological findings and clinical courses plays a vital role in diagnosis of RPE in forensic pathology.

2.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33165457

RESUMO

We propose using the formation of coordination polymers of Ag+ to probe differences between the perfluorinated alkyl chain and the alkyl chain by deriving a thiol ligand, N-(perfluoroalkanoyl)cysteine. Rapid formation in EtOH of P-/M-helical nanofibrils of high thermostability was found for N-(perfluorooctanoyl)-l-/d-cysteine ethyl esters at the µM level upon mixing with Ag+, but not for the octanoyl counterpart. This difference was also observed in terms of circular dichroism-enantiomeric excess dependence.

3.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33085209

RESUMO

Pernicious placenta previa with placenta percreta (PP) is a catastrophic condition during pregnancy. However, the underlying pathogenesis remains unclear. In the present study, the placental tissues of normal cases and PP tissues of pernicious placenta previa cases were collected to determine the expression profile of protein-coding genes, miRNAs, and lncRNAs through sequencing. Weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA), accompanied by miRNA target prediction and correlation analysis, were employed to select potential hub protein-coding genes and lncRNAs. The expression levels of selected protein-coding genes, Wnt5A and MAPK13, were determined by quantitative PCR and immunohistochemical staining, and lncRNA PTCHD1-AS and PAPPA-AS1 expression levels were determined by quantitative PCR and fluorescence in situ hybridization. The results indicated that 790 protein-coding genes, 382 miRNAs, and 541 lncRNAs were dysregulated in PP tissues, compared with normal tissues. WGCNA identified coding genes in the module (ME) black and ME turquoise modules that may be involved in the pathogenesis of PP. The selected potential hub protein-coding genes, Wnt5A and MAPK13, were down-regulated in PP tissues, and their expression levels were positively correlated with the expression levels of PTCHD1-AS and PAPPA-AS1. Further analysis demonstrated that PTCHD1-AS and PAPPA-AS1 regulated Wnt5A and MAPK13 expression by interacting with specific miRNAs. Collectively, our results provided multi-omics data to better understand the pathogenesis of PP and help identify predictive biomarkers and therapeutic targets for PP.

4.
Nanoscale ; 12(39): 20449-20455, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33026003

RESUMO

Single-base mutations are the most common type of mutation in human diseases. Melting curve analysis is currently one of the most commonly used methods to detect single base mutations. However, the existing melting curve analysis cannot possess universality and robust detection performance simultaneously. Therefore, herein, we invented an interlocked DNA cascade system based universal melting curve analysis (ICU-MCA). The strategy is based on the probe dissolution curve method by designing a bridge strand to achieve an ideal distinction between mutant-type DNA and wild-type DNA. What is more, this method can complete multiplexed detection only by changing the bridge sequence, replacing the specific and expensive probe in a traditional probe based melting curve analysis. We performed 6-plex detection on 6 single-base point mutations in BRAC1/2 genes on synthetic single stranded DNA and verified the compatibility of ICU-MCA and PCR and detected BRCA1/c.2082C>T and BRCA2/c.7397T>C mutations in peripheral blood DNA of ovarian cancer patients. Overall, ICU-MCA is one of the best methods in the field of melting curve analysis for detecting single-base mutations.

5.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1134: 28-33, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33059863

RESUMO

Combining endonuclease IV and branch migration competition systems, we have designed a new single-base mutation detection method which is capable of thermostatic, sensitive, simple, and cost-effective at the same time, while other probe method based on endonuclease IV hardly achieve. Our method has better discrimination factors (6.81-83.10) and a low abundance detection limit of mutant-type DNA (MT) (0.05% mutant-type DNA/total DNA) without complex temperature optimize process. The concentration detection limit of MT is 0.03 nM.The abundance detection limit for EGFR L858R (0.1%) and PTEN R130Q (0.05%) in clinical samples suggested that the method has potential applications in clinical diagnosis.

6.
Psychon Bull Rev ; 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32875532

RESUMO

Non-synesthetic people tend to systematically associate certain shapes with particular colors (i.e., circle-red, triangle-yellow, square-blue). In the present study, we investigated whether such color-shape associations influence illusory conjunctions. Two letters were centrally presented, while two colored-shape stimuli were presented in the periphery. Participants were asked to report: (1) whether the letters were identical, (2) the color of a specific shape, and (3) the confidence of the color choice. The colored-shape stimuli were either congruent or incongruent with the color-shape associations. Results showed that participants reported more illusory conjunctions in the incongruent condition. Thus, color-shape associations might precede and subsequently affect feature binding, and/or affect binding via top-down feedback.

7.
Toxicol Lett ; 334: 4-13, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32949624

RESUMO

Radon exposure is the most frequent cause of lung cancer in non-smokers. The high linear energy transfer alpha-particles from radon decay cause the accumulation of multiple genetic changes and lead to cancer development. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays an important role in oncogenesis. However, the mechanisms underlying chronic radon exposure-induced EMT attributed to carcinogenesis are not understood. This study aimed to explore the EMT and potential molecular mechanisms induced by repeated radon exposure. The EMT model of 16HBE and BEAS-2B cells was established with radon exposure (20000 Bq/m3, 20 min each time every 3 days). We found repeated radon exposure facilitated epithelial cell migration, proliferation, reduced cell adhesion and ability to undergo EMT through a decrease in epithelial markers and an increase in mesenchymal markers. Radon regulated the expression of matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase 2 (TIMP2) to disrupt the balance of MMP2/TIMP2. In vivo, BALB/c mice were exposed to 105 Bq/m3 radon gas for cumulative doses of 60 and 120 Working Level Months (WLM). Radon inhalation caused lung damage and fibrosis in mice, which was aggravated with the increase of exposure dose. EMT-like transformation also occurred in lung tissues of radon-exposure mice. Moreover, radon radiation increased p-PI3K, p-AKT and p-mTOR in cells and mice. Radon reduced the GSK-3ß level and elevated the active ß-catenin in 16HBE cells. The m-TOR and AKT inhibitors attenuated radon exposure-induced EMT by regulation related biomarkers. These data demonstrated that radon exposure induced EMT through the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway in epithelial cells and lung tissue.


Assuntos
Poluentes Radioativos do Ar/toxicidade , Células Epiteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Lesão Pulmonar/induzido quimicamente , Pulmão , Radônio/toxicidade , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta à Radiação , Humanos , Exposição por Inalação/efeitos adversos , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/metabolismo , Pulmão/patologia , Lesão Pulmonar/metabolismo , Lesão Pulmonar/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Produtos de Decaimento de Radônio/toxicidade , Transdução de Sinais , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
8.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 45(4): 395-399, 2020 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879063

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To analyze the risk factors for postoperative deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in neurosurgical patients to provide the basis for the prevention of postoperative DVT. METHODS: A total of 141 patients underwent neurosurgery were enrolled. Thrombelastography (TEG) test was performed before and at the end of surgery. According to whether there was DVT formation after operation, the patients were divided into a thrombosis group and a non-thrombosis group. T-test and rank sum test were used to compare the general clinical characteristics of the 2 groups, such as age, gender, intraoperative blood loss, D-dimer, intraoperative crystal input, colloid input, blood product transfusion, operation duration, length of postoperative hospitalization. The application of chi-square test and rank-sum test were used to compared TEG main test indicators such as R and K values between the 2 groups. Logistic regression was used to analyze the possible risk factors for postoperative DVT in neurosurgical patients. RESULTS: There were significant differences in postoperative TEG index R, clotting factor function, intraoperative blood loss, hypertension or not, length of postoperative hospital stay, and postoperative absolute bed time (all P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed hypercoagulability, more intraoperative blood loss and longer postoperative absolute bed time were risk factors for DVT formation after craniotomy. CONCLUSIONS: Hypercoagulability in postoperative TEG test of patients is an important risk factor for the formation of postoperative DVT after neurosurgery, which can predict the occurrence of postoperative DVT to some extent.


Assuntos
Trombofilia , Trombose Venosa/epidemiologia , Trombose Venosa/etiologia , Craniotomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Período Pós-Operatório , Fatores de Risco
9.
Ann Palliat Med ; 9(5): 3187-3193, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921106

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As a common pathological type of glomerular disease in China, mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis is related to plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1). Here, this study aims to investigate the expression and clinical significance of TSP-1 and PAI-1 in patients with mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis. METHODS: Renal tissue specimens from 46 patients with mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis admitted to this hospital were selected as the subjects, and 8 specimens of renal tissue from autopsy were used as controls. The expression levels of TSP-1 and PAI-1 were detected by immunohistochemistry and analyzed. RESULTS: The 24-hour urine protein, triglyceride, and total cholesterol levels of patients with severe mesangial hyperplasia were significantly higher than those of patients with mild and moderate mesangial hyperplasia, and serum albumin was lower than that of patients with mild and moderate mesangial hyperplasia (P<0.05). The 24-hour urine protein level of patients with moderate mesangial hyperplasia was higher than that of patients with mild mesangial hyperplasia while the albumin level was lower (P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in triglyceride and total cholesterol (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in creatinine clearance (Ccr) between the three groups (P>0.05).The 24-hour urine protein and urine alpha-1-microglobulin (A1M) levels in patients with renal interstitial disease were higher than those in patients without renal interstitial disease, while their Ccr level was lower (P<0.05). TSP-1 and PAI-1 were not positively expressed in the glomeruli and renal tubules of specimens of the control group. However, in mesangial hyperplasia patients, the expression of TSP-1 and PAI-1 in mesangial hyperplasia with varying degrees and in different renal tubular damage were as follows: mild degree < moderate degree < severe degree (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The pathological changes of mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis are related to 24- hour urine protein, triglyceride, total cholesterol level, urine A1M, and Ccr level. The expression of TSP1 and PAI-1 in the mesenchyme of glomerular and renal tubules significantly increased with the severity of the disease, suggesting that TSP-1 and PAI-1 play an important role in the occurrence and development of mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis.

10.
J Neuroimmunol ; 348: 577381, 2020 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32911360

RESUMO

To explore the role of circular RNAs (circRNAs) in pediatric anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor encephalitis, we assessed the profiles of circRNAs and mRNAs in blood leukocytes from anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis patients and healthy controls using microarray analysis. 1196 circRNAs and 719 mRNAs (change ≥2, p < .05) were dysregulated in anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis patients, relative to healthy controls, based on microarray data. Further bioinformatic analysis demonstrated that the host genes of dysregulated circRNAs are primarily associated with receptor internalization. In conclusion, circRNAs may be implicated in the pathogenesis of pediatric anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis.

11.
Ear Nose Throat J ; : 145561320944639, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791904

RESUMO

We report a 6-year-old girl with progressive bilateral conductive hearing loss for 2 years. She passed the newborn hearing screening conducted with otoacoustic emissions testing and had a normal development of speech and language, which indicated that her deafness was delayed-onset. She also had congenital proximal interphalangeal joints. Proximal symphalangism was confirmed by genetic testing (NOG gene: c.406C > T, p.R136C). Bilateral stapes ankyloses were proved by surgery and her hearing was improved after stapedotomy by over 30 dB. Besides, this case should remind clinicians to carefully distinguish NOG gene-related deafness from congenital ossicular malformation and pediatric otosclerosis.

12.
Org Lett ; 22(16): 6464-6467, 2020 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32806197

RESUMO

A tandem oxidative cyclization/1,2-carbon migration of hydrazides for the synthesis of otherwise inaccessible hindered or enantiopure triazolopyridinones has been developed. This protocol exhibits broad substrate scope and can be easily scaled up by continuous flow synthesis under mild conditions. Most importantly, this method demonstrates a rearrangement with retention of configuration and can be readily applied for the late-stage modification of carboxylic-acid-containing pharmaceuticals, amino acids, and natural products to access enantiopure triazolopyridinones.

13.
Opt Lett ; 45(16): 4444-4447, 2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32796979

RESUMO

We experimentally investigate the laser polarization effect on the supercontinuum (SC) generation through femtosecond laser filamentation in air. By tuning filamenting laser ellipticity from linear polarization to circular polarization, the spectral intensity of the SC after filamentation gradually increases, while the spectral bandwidth of the SC continuously decreases. The laser ellipticity-dependent spectral intensity modulation of the SC is stronger at higher filamenting pulse energy. Laser energy deposits more in linearly polarized laser filaments than in circularly polarized laser filaments. The experimental results are supported by numerical simulations. A physical picture based on the laser ellipticity-dependent clamped intensity inside the filament, together with the Kerr nonlinearity and plasma related self-phase modulations, is proposed to explain the observation.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32823906

RESUMO

Safety signs play a very important role in people's evacuation during emergencies. In order to explore the appropriate color for subway safety signs, four safety signs of different color combinations are designed, and the virtual reality, eye-tracking technology, and physiological indicator measurement are used in a virtual subway fire escape experiment. A total of 96 participants with equal distribution in gender and four different color combination groups were recruited. Participants' eye-tracking and physiological data (heart rate, skin conductance) were real-time recorded through ErgoLAB V3.0 in the whole experiment. The relationship between Color_of_safety_sign and escape performance, eye-tracking indicators, and physiological indicators is discussed respectively through SPSS. The results show that "Green and black" group has the best evacuation escape performance, low cognitive load, high search efficiency on safety signs, and the highest stress level and immersion and "Green and black" can be the most appropriate color for safety sign. This research is of certain significance for improving the function of subway fire-fighting infrastructure and the resilience of the metro system. Moreover, it can provide references and advice on risk management, emergency evacuation, and so on.

15.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 39(1): 142, 2020 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32711549

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sirtuin 6 (Sirt6) is a highly conserved ADP-ribosylase and NAD+ dependent deacylase, involved in broad cellular processes. This molecule possesses contradictory roles in carcinogenesis, as it has been documented to both suppressing and augmenting tumor growth. This project aimed to explore the expression and functions of Sirt6 in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), especially with regards to the regulatory role of OSS_128167, a novel small molecular inhibitor targeting Sirt6. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was conducted to assess the expression of Sirt6 on paraffin-embedded tissues. Microarray dataset GSE32918 and GSE83632 were obtained from Gene Expression Omnibus and survival analysis was performed. Lentivirus vectors either encoding shSirt6, lvSirt6 or empty lentiviral vector were stably transfected into DLBCL cells. LY1 cell transfected with shSirt6 were performed RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) analysis, functional enrichment analyses of gene ontology (GO) and gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA). DLBCL cells were subcutaneously injected to SCID beige mice to establish xenograft models. RESULTS: Sirt6 is found to be overexpressed in DLBCL, and is related to poor prognosis. Sirt6-deprived DLBCL cells displayed augmented sensitivity towards chemotherapy, higher rates of apoptosis, dysfunctional cell proliferation, and arrested cell cycle progression between the G2 and M phases. Selective OSS_128167-mediated Sirt6 blockage resulted in similar anti-lymphoma effects when compared to Sirt6 knocked-down DLBCL cells. PI3K signaling along with phosphorylation of its downstream targets was reduced upon Sirt6 downregulation. Xenograft models subjected to either OSS_128167 treatment or Sirt6-knockdown showed suppressed tumor growth and lower Ki-67 level. CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide mechanistic insights into the oncogenic activity of Sirt6 in DLBCL for the first time and highlighted the potency of OSS_128167 for novel therapeutic strategies in DLBCL.

16.
J Org Chem ; 85(15): 10143-10151, 2020 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32654483

RESUMO

Environmentally friendly and highly regioselective C-3 dichlorination and C-2 oxidation of N-substituted indoles have been established using NaCl as a chlorine source and H2O as an oxygen source. A series of 3,3-dichloro-2-oxindoles were obtained in moderate to excellent yields. The gram-scale synthesis and derivatization reaction were explored. The possible mechanism for this reaction was elucidated.

17.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3628, 2020 07 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32686668

RESUMO

Triazolopyridinone derivatives are of high value in both medicinal and material chemistry. However, the chiral or hindered triazolopyridinone derivatives remain an underexplored area of chemical space because they are difficult to prepare via conventional methods. Here we report an electrochemical rearrangement for the efficient synthesis of otherwise inaccessible triazolopyridinones with diverse alkyl carboxylic acids as starting materials. This enables the efficient preparation of more than 60 functionalized triazolopyridinones under mild conditions in a sustainable manner. This method is evaluated for the late stage modification of bioactive natural products, amino acids and pharmaceuticals, and it is further applied to the decagram scale preparation of enantiopure triazolopyridinones. The control experiments support a mechanism involving an oxidative cyclization and 1,2-carbon migration. This facile and scalable rearrangement demonstrates the power of electrochemical synthesis to access otherwise-inaccessible triazolopyridinones and may find wide application in organic, material and medicinal chemistry.


Assuntos
Purinas/síntese química , Química Farmacêutica/métodos , Eletroquímica/métodos , Purinas/análise
18.
J Hematol Oncol ; 13(1): 77, 2020 06 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32546241

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hippo-Yes-associated protein (YAP) signaling is a key regulator of organ size and tumorigenesis, yet the underlying molecular mechanism is still poorly understood. At present, the significance of the Hippo-YAP pathway in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is ill-defined. METHODS: The expression of YAP in DLBCL was determined in public database and clinical specimens. The effects of YAP knockdown, CRISPR/Cas9-mediated YAP deletion, and YAP inhibitor treatment on cell proliferation and the cell cycle were evaluated both in vitro and in vivo. RNA sequencing was conducted to detect dysregulated RNAs in YAP-knockout DLBCL cells. The regulatory effects of insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) on Hippo-YAP signaling were explored by targeted inhibition and rescue experiments. RESULTS: High expression of YAP was significantly correlated with disease progression and poor prognosis. Knockdown of YAP expression suppressed cell proliferation and induced cell cycle arrest in DLBCL cells. Verteporfin (VP), a benzoporphyrin derivative, exerted an anti-tumor effect by regulating the expression of YAP and the downstream target genes, CTGF and CYR61. In vitro and in vivo studies revealed that deletion of YAP expression with a CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing system significantly restrained tumor growth. Moreover, downregulation of IGF-1R expression led to a remarkable decrease in YAP expression. In contrast, exposure to IGF-1 promoted YAP expression and reversed the inhibition of YAP expression induced by IGF-1R inhibitors. CONCLUSIONS: Our study highlights the critical role of YAP in the pathogenesis of DLBCL and uncovers the regulatory effect of IGF-1R on Hippo-YAP signaling, suggesting a novel therapeutic strategy for DLBCL.

20.
Anat Sci Int ; 2020 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32535854

RESUMO

Female urinary incontinence mainly relates to damage of female urethra supporting structures, while its anatomy and function specially in which the connective tissue part are still unclear and controversial. We study it based on 4 thin-sectional, high-resolution, transverse sectional anatomical images [Chinese Visible Human (CVH) images] and 10 high-resolution MRI images from volunteers. The female urethral supporting structures and its adjacent structures were segmented and three-dimensional (3D) reconstructed with Amira software. The urethral supporting structures include muscular and connective tissue supporting structures. Muscular supporting structures are composed of levator ani muslce and striated urethral sphincter, the connective tissue supporting structures are composed of anterior vaginal wall, pubovesical muscle, pubovesical ligament, lateral vesical ligament, and tendinous arch of pelvic fascia (TAPF). The anterior vaginal wall includes tight and loose connections between urethral, bladder, and vagina. The lateral vesical ligament connects the proximal part of the urethra to the TAPF. The pubovesical muscle is crescent shaped and continues with the detrusor of the bladder superior and directly connects the TAPF laterally. The TAPF is an obvious fibrous structure that originates at the middle-posterior surface of the pubis, travels onto the parietal pelvic fascia, and inserts posteriorly onto the ischial spine. The anterior vaginal wall, the pubovesical muscle, the lateral vesical ligament, and the TAPF create the "hammock" structure and supplement DeLancey's theory. Its support to the proximal urethra and neck of bladder is crucial to maintain stability and urinary continence during increased abdominal pressure.

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