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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34389436

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The latest studies have considered the time-dependent structures in dynamic brain networks. However, the effect of periphery structures on the temporal flow of information remains unexplored in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). In this work, we aimed to explore the pattern of interactions between brain regions in MDD across space and time. METHODS: We concentrated on the temporal reachability of nodes in temporal brain networks derived from the resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) of 55 MDD patients and 62 sex-, age-matched healthy controls. Specifically, temporal connectedness and temporal efficiency (TEF) were estimated based on the length of temporal paths between node pairs. Subsequently, the temporal clustering coefficient (TCC) and temporal distance were jointly employed to explore the patterns in which a node's periphery structure affects its reachability. RESULTS: Significantly higher TEF and lower TCC were found in temporal brain networks in MDD. Besides, significant between-group differences of nodal TCC were detected in regions of sensory perception systems. Considering the temporal paths that begin or end at these regions, MDD patients showed several altered temporal distances. CONCLUSION: Our results showed that the temporal reachability of specific brain regions in MDD could be affected as their periphery structures evolve, which may explain the dysfunction of sensory perception systems in the spatiotemporal domain.

2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(19)2021 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34638687

RESUMO

Exosomes are associated with cancer progression, pregnancy, cardiovascular diseases, central nervous system-related diseases, immune responses and viral pathogenicity. However, study on the role of exosomes in the immune response of teleost fish, especially antiviral immunity, is limited. Herein, serum-derived exosomes from mandarin fish were used to investigate the antiviral effect on the exosomes of teleost fish. Exosomes isolated from mandarin fish serum by ultra-centrifugation were internalized by mandarin fish fry cells and were able to inhibit Infectious spleen and kidney necrosis virus (ISKNV) infection. To further investigate the underlying mechanisms of exosomes in inhibiting ISKNV infection, the protein composition of serum-derived exosomes was analyzed by mass spectrometry. It was found that myxovirus resistance 1 (Mx1) was incorporated by exosomes. Furthermore, the mandarin fish Mx1 protein was proven to be transferred into the recipient cells though exosomes. Our results showed that the serum-derived exosomes from mandarin fish could inhibit ISKNV replication, which suggested an underlying mechanism of the exosome antivirus in that it incorporates Mx1 protein and delivery into recipient cells. This study provided evidence for the important antiviral role of exosomes in the immune system of teleost fish.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34636242

RESUMO

Hierarchically porous-structured materials show tremendous potential for catalytic applications. In this work, a facile method through the combination of three-dimensional (3D) printing and chemical dealloying was employed to synthesize a nanoporous-copper-encapsulating microporous-diamond-cellular-structure (NPC@DCS) catalyst. The developed NPC@DCS catalyst was utilized as a heterogeneous photo-Fenton-like catalyst where its catalytic applications in the remediation of organic wastewater were exemplified. The experimental results demonstrated that the NPC@DCS catalyst possessed a remarkable degradation efficiency in the removal of rhodamine B with a reaction rate of 8.24 × 10-2 min-1 and displayed attractive stability, durability, mineralization capability, and versatility. This work not only manifests the applicability of the proposed NPC@DCS catalyst for wastewater purification in practical applications but also is anticipated to inspire the incorporation of the 3D printing technology and chemical synthesis to design high-performance metal catalysts with tunable hierarchical micro- and nanopores for functional applications.

4.
ACS Nano ; 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34636546

RESUMO

Supercapacitors possessing fast-charging characteristics and long lifespan are becoming increasingly important for powering portable and smart energy storage devices, and combining capacitive and battery-type materials into an integrated device is an effective method for increasing the overall performance of capacitors. Silicene is being designed as a cathode for the development of enhanced capacitance and ultra-cycle stable zinc-ion hybrid capacitors. Possessing a maximum areal capacity of 14 mF cm-2, a maximum power density of 9 mW cm-2, capacitance retention of 112% even after 10 000 cycles, and an unexpectedly high energy density of 23 mJ cm-2, this achievement of the zinc-ion hybrid capacitor would be superior to that of previously reported silicon-based supercapacitors. The DFT calculations further reveal that Zn ions dominate the capacitive behavior of the silicene electrode. The support association between silicene and zinc-ion hybrid capacitors so that they can take advantage of each other's strengths, which takes electrochemical energy technology to a stage, offering a straightforward proposal for integration and implementation of silicon-based materials.

5.
J Diabetes Complications ; : 108050, 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34600826

RESUMO

AIMS: In the present study, we investigated the effect of carbohydrate responsive element binding protein (ChREBP) on the TXNIP/oxidative stress and apoptosis in diabetic nephropathy. METHODS: ChREBP-/- mice (8-week old) were produced using the CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing approach. Diabetes was induced in C57BL/6 mice with streptozotocin. HK-2 cells was transfected with plasmid containing either ChREBP shRNA or TXNIP siRNA. RESULTS: Renal expression of ChREBP and thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) was increased in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and diabetic mice. ChREBP deficiency improved renal function, apoptosis as well as endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in diabetic mice. In addition, ChREBP deficiency prevented expression levels of TXNIP and NADPH oxidase 4 (Nox4), 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in diabetic kidneys. The increased urinary 8-OHdG level induced by diabetes was also attenuated in ChREBP deficiency mice. Similarly, HG was shown to induce ChREBP expression and nuclear translocation in HK-2 cells. HG-induced apoptosis was inhibited by transfection of ChREBP shRNA plasmid. Moreover, we found that knockdown of ChREBP suppressed HG-induced TXNIP and Nox4 expression, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and ER stress in HK-2 cells. Furthermore, TXNIP knockdown effectively abrogated HG-induced apoptosis in HK-2 cells. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that ChREBP deficiency prevents diabetes-induced apoptosis via inhibiting oxidative stress and ER stress, highlighting ChREBP as a potential therapy target for diabetic nephropathy.

6.
Chemosphere ; 288(Pt 2): 132476, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34634272

RESUMO

With the increasing occurrences of nitrate and Cr(VI) pollution globally, microbially driven pollutant reduction and its interaction effects were of growing interest. Despite the increasing number of experimental reports on the simultaneous reduction of nitrate and Cr(VI), a broad picture of the keystone species and metabolic differences in this process remained elusive. This study explored the changing of microorganisms with the introduction of Cr(VI)/NO3- through analyzing 242 samples from the NCBI database. The correlation between microbial abundance and environmental factors showed that, the types of energy substances and pollutants species in the environment had an impact on the diversity of microorganisms and community structure. The genus of Zoogloea, Candidatus Accumulibacter, and Candidatus Kapabacteria sp. 59-99 had the ability of denitrification, while genus of Alcaligenes, Kerstersia, Petrimonas, and Leucobacter showed effectively Cr(VI) resistance and reducing ability. Azoarcus, Pseudomonas, and Thauera were recognized as important candidates in the simultaneous reduction of nitrate and Cr(VI). Metagenomic predictions of these microorganisms using PICRUSt2 further highlighted the enrichment of Cr(VI)and nitrate reduction-related genes (such as chrA and norC). Special attention should therefore be paid to these bacteria in subsequent studies to evaluate their performance and mechanisms involved in simultaneous denitrification and chromium removal. The microbial co-occurrence network analysis conducted on this basis emphasized a strong association between community collaboration and pollution removal. Collectively, either site surveys or laboratory experiments, subsequent studies should focus on these microbial populations and the interspecific collaborations as they strongly influence the occurrence of simultaneous nitrate and Cr(VI) reduction.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34651193

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Malaria is one of the most serious global problems. The objective of this study is to assess whether intermittent preventive treatment (IPT) using artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) was a promising alternative to IPT with sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (IPT-SP). METHODS: We searched the following sources up to 12 August 2020: PubMed, The Cochrane Library, Embase, Web of Science, CNKI, CBM, VIP and WanFang Database from inception. The randomized controlled trials comparing SP with ACTs for malaria were included. Data were pooled using Stata.14 software. We performed subgroup analysis based on the different types of ACTs groups and participants. RESULTS: A total of 13 studies comprising 5180 people were included. The meta-analysis showed that ACTs had the lower risk of number of any parasitemia (RR=0.46; 95% CI 0.22 to 0.96, p=0.039; I2=90.50%, p<0.001), early treatment failure (RR=0.17; 95% CI 0.06 to 0.48, p<0.001; I2=66.60%, p=0.011) and late treatment failure (RR=0.34; 95% CI 0.13 to 0.92, p<0.001; I2=87.80%, p<0.001) compared with SP. There was no significant difference in adequate clinical response, average hemoglobin and adverse neonatal outcomes. CONCLUSION: Combinations with ACTs appear promising as suitable alternatives for IPT-SP.

8.
Dis Markers ; 2021: 6482665, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34512815

RESUMO

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a common chronic fundus disease, which has four different kinds of microvessel structure and microvascular lesions: microaneurysms (MAs), hemorrhages (HEs), hard exudates, and soft exudates. Accurate detection and counting of them are a basic but important work. The manual annotation of these lesions is a labor-intensive task in clinical analysis. To solve the problem, we proposed a novel segmentation method for different lesions in DR. Our method is based on a convolutional neural network and can be divided into encoder module, attention module, and decoder module, so we refer it as EAD-Net. After normalization and augmentation, the fundus images were sent to the EAD-Net for automated feature extraction and pixel-wise label prediction. Given the evaluation metrics based on the matching degree between detected candidates and ground truth lesions, our method achieved sensitivity of 92.77%, specificity of 99.98%, and accuracy of 99.97% on the e_ophtha_EX dataset and comparable AUPR (Area under Precision-Recall curve) scores on IDRiD dataset. Moreover, the results on the local dataset also show that our EAD-Net has better performance than original U-net in most metrics, especially in the sensitivity and F1-score, with nearly ten percent improvement. The proposed EAD-Net is a novel method based on clinical DR diagnosis. It has satisfactory results on the segmentation of four different kinds of lesions. These effective segmentations have important clinical significance in the monitoring and diagnosis of DR.

9.
J Clin Epidemiol ; 2021 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520849

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study collected randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published in the social sciences in China and assessed their risk of bias and reporting quality. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Three databases were systematically searched for publications from January 2000 to June 2020 for RCTs in the social sciences published by Chinese researchers. The risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane Collaboration Risk of Bias Tool (CCRBT), and reporting quality was assessed using the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials for Social and Psychological Interventions (CONSORT-SPI). RESULTS: A total of 316 RCTs were identified, including 204 articles in English and 112 articles in Chinese. The most frequently researched interventions focused on education (33.9%), and the most frequently studied population were students (32.9%). Eighty-seven percent of RCTs had intermediate reporting quality. Twenty-four of the 43 CONSORT-SPI sub-items had a compliance rate of less than 50%. Most RCTs had an unclear risk of bias for blinding outcome assessors (84.5%), blinding participants and personnel (82.9%), allocation concealment (73.1%), and random sequence generation (68.0%). A low proportion of CONSORT-SPI items were reported and, high proportion of the papers had unclear risk of bias. CONCLUSION: The quality and reporting of RCTs in the social sciences needs improvement in China, especially for reporting methods and results. Most studies had an unclear risk of bias as they lacked important methodological information.

10.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; PP2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34543213

RESUMO

Strong nonlinearities, uncertainties, and disturbances present great challenges to the control of the dissolved oxygen (DO) in a wastewater treatment process (WWTP). To deal with those undesired issues, in this article, a scalable-bandwidth extended state observer (SESO) is proposed, and the SESO-based adaptive sliding-mode control (ASMC) is designed. By the SESO, the time-varying total disturbance can be estimated more accurately and compensated more effectively. For the disturbances that are not addressed completely, an ASMC is employed to suppress them. Due to the advantages of both SESO and ASMC, the DO can be regulated more desirably. The benchmark simulation model Number 1 is taken to verify the proposed SESO-based ASMC. Comparative simulation results highlight the advantages of the proposed approach.

11.
Elife ; 102021 09 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34486519

RESUMO

Background: Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is the most common congenital cardiovascular disease in general population and is frequently associated with the development of thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA). There is no effective strategy to intervene with TAA progression due to an incomplete understanding of the pathogenesis. Insufficiency of NOTCH1 expression is highly related to BAV-TAA, but the underlying mechanism remains to be clarified. Methods: A comparative proteomics analysis was used to explore the biological differences between non-diseased and BAV-TAA aortic tissues. A microfluidics-based aorta smooth muscle-on-a-chip model was constructed to evaluate the effect of NOTCH1 deficiency on contractile phenotype and mitochondrial dynamics of human aortic smooth muscle cells (HAoSMCs). Results: Protein analyses of human aortic tissues showed the insufficient expression of NOTCH1 and impaired mitochondrial dynamics in BAV-TAA. HAoSMCs with NOTCH1-knockdown exhibited reduced contractile phenotype and were accompanied by attenuated mitochondrial fusion. Furthermore, we identified that mitochondrial fusion activators (leflunomide and teriflunomide) or mitochondrial fission inhibitor (Mdivi-1) partially rescued the disorders of mitochondrial dynamics in HAoSMCs derived from BAV-TAA patients. Conclusions: The aorta smooth muscle-on-a-chip model simulates the human pathophysiological parameters of aorta biomechanics and provides a platform for molecular mechanism studies of aortic disease and related drug screening. This aorta smooth muscle-on-a-chip model and human tissue proteomic analysis revealed that impaired mitochondrial dynamics could be a potential therapeutic target for BAV-TAA. Funding: National Key R and D Program of China, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Shanghai Municipal Science and Technology Major Project, Shanghai Science and Technology Commission, and Shanghai Municipal Education Commission.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34476943

RESUMO

Polymer electrolytes are the key candidates for solid-state batteries benefiting from their intrinsic advantages over inorganic electrolytes in terms of flexibility and easy processability. However, they suffer from low ionic conductivity and poor mechanical strength, which restrict their wide utilization. Conventional ceramic fillers are used to improve the mechanical properties of polymer electrolytes but lack sufficient Li+ conductivity. In this work, a framework with vertical channels that possess fast Li+ movement is designed. It is found that the poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) compound in the vertical channel framework benefits to improve the ionic conductivity and mechanical strength synchronously. The framework in which ionic liquids are loaded on a zirconium dioxide surface (ZrO2@ILs) helps to improve ionic conductivity by 2 orders of magnitude compared with PEO, which is due to the enhanced orientation of ion transport. By optimizing the content of ZrO2@ILs, the elastic modulus is also tripled. Therefore, the symmetric lithium battery can cycle stably for more than 800 h at a current density of 0.25 mA cm-1, whereas the lithium metal battery has a specific capacity of 135 mAh g-1 at a current density of 2C and can cycle stably for more than 200 cycles at 60 °C.

13.
Talanta ; 235: 122720, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517588

RESUMO

Inborn errors of metabolism, also known as inherited metabolic diseases (IMDs), are related to genetic mutations and cause corresponding biochemical metabolic disorder of newborns and even sudden infant death. Timely detection and diagnosis of IMDs are of great significance for improving survival of newborns. Here we propose a strategy for simultaneously detecting six types of IMDs via combining GC-MS technique with the random forest algorithm (RF). Clinical urine samples from IMD and healthy patients are analyzed using GC-MS for acquiring metabolomics data. Then, the RF model is established as a multi-classification tool for the GC-MS data. Compared with the models built by artificial neural network and support vector machine, the results demonstrated the RF model has superior performance of high specificity, sensitivity, precision, accuracy, and matthews correlation coefficients on identifying all six types of IMDs and normal samples. The proposed strategy can afford a useful method for reliable and effective identification of multiple IMDs in clinical diagnosis.


Assuntos
Doenças Metabólicas , Algoritmos , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Metabolômica
14.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 18338, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34526554

RESUMO

Jianpi Qushi Heluo Formula (JQHF) is an empirical traditional Chinese medicine prescription for treating Membranous Nephropathy (MN) clinically in China. The therapeutic effect of JQHF has been reported in our previous studies. However, the exact mechanism is still unknown. In this study, by establishing an experimental rat model of MN induced by Sheep anti-rat Fx1A serum, we evaluated the effects of JQHF and Tetrandrine (TET), and Benazepril was used as a positive control. As an autophagy agonist, TET is one of the most active components in JQHF. After 4 weeks, significant kidney damage was observed in the rats in the Model group; comparatively, JQHF markedly decreased 24 h urinary protein, Total Cholesterol (TC), and increased serum total Albumin (ALB). Histology showed that JQHF caused significant improvements in glomerular hyperplasia, renal tubular damage, IgG immune complex deposition, and the ultrastructure of mitochondria in MN rats. Flow cytometry analysis showed that treatment with JQHF reduced the level of reactive oxygen species and apoptosis rate, and upregulated mitochondrial membrane potential. Western blot analysis demonstrated that JQHF could protect against mitochondrial dysfunction and apoptosis by upregulating the expression of PINK1, Mitochondrial Parkin, and LC3-II/I, downregulating the expression of Cytoplasmic Parkin, P62, Cytochrome c, and Caspase-3 in the kidneys of MN rats. From images of co-immunofluorescence, it is observed significantly increase in the co-localization of PINK1 and Parkin, as well as LC3 and mitochondria. Similarly, TET treatment significantly upregulated the mitochondrial autophagy and reduced apoptosis in rats after 4 weeks compared with the model group. Comparatively, the ability of JQHF to alleviate renal damage was significantly higher than those of Benazepril and TET. It was demonstrated that JQHF could delay pathology damage to the kidney and hold back from the progression of MN by inhibiting apoptosis and upregulating the mitochondrial autophagy by PINK1/Parkin pathways.

15.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt A): 127080, 2021 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523503

RESUMO

Thallium (Tl) is a trace metal with high toxicity. Comprehensive investigation of spatial distribution of Tl and microorganism is still limited in soils from mining area. In this study, 16S rRNA sequencing and network analysis were used for deciphering the co-occurrence patterns of bacterial communities in two different types of soil profiles around a typical Tl-bearing pyrite mine. The results showed that geochemical parameters (such as pH, S, Tl, Fe and TOM) were the driving forces for shaping the vertical distribution of microbial community. According to network analysis, a wide diversity of microbial modules were present in both soil profiles and affected by depth, significantly associated with variations in Tl geochemical fractionation. Phylogenetic information further unveiled that the microbial modules were mainly dominated by Fe reducing bacteria (FeRB), Fe oxidizing bacteria (FeOB), S oxidizing bacteria and Mn reducing bacteria. The results of metagenome indicated that Fe, Mn and S cycle in soil are closely involved in the biogeochemical cycle of Tl. The findings of co-occurrence patterns in the bacterial network and correlation between microorganisms and different geochemical fractions of Tl may benefit the strategy of bioremediation of Tl-contaminated soils with indigenous microbes.

16.
Adv Mater ; : e2105853, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34561904

RESUMO

The constructing of 3D materials with optimal performance is urgently needed to meet the growing demand of advanced materials in the high-tech sector. A distinctive 3D graphene (3DG) is designed based on a repeated rebirth strategy to obtain a better body and performance after each round of rebirth, as if it is Phoenix Nirvana. The properties of reborn graphene, namely 3DG after Nirvana (NvG), has been dramatically upgraded compared to 3DG, including high density (3.36 times) together with high porosity, as well as better electrical conductivity (1.41 times), mechanical strength (32.4 times), and ultrafast infiltration behavior. These advantages of NvG make it a strong intrinsic motivation for application in capacitive deionization (CDI). Using NvG directly as the CDI electrode, it has an extremely high volumetric capacity of 220 F cm-3 at 1 A cm-3 and a maximum salt absorption capacity of 8.02~9.2 mg cm-3 (8.9-10.2 times), while the power consumption for adsorption of the same mass of salt is less than a quarter of 3DG. The "Phoenix Nirvana"-like strategy of manufacturing 3D structures will undoubtedly become the new engine to kick-start the development of innovative carbon materials through an overall performance upgrade.

17.
Ren Fail ; 43(1): 1329-1337, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34541999

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study sought to investigate incidence and risk factors for acute kidney injury (AKI) in hospitalized COVID-19. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we enrolled 823 COVID-19 patients with at least two evaluations of renal function during hospitalization from four hospitals in Wuhan, China between February 2020 and April 2020. Clinical and laboratory parameters at the time of admission and follow-up data were recorded. Systemic renal tubular dysfunction was evaluated via 24-h urine collections in a subgroup of 55 patients. RESULTS: In total, 823 patients were enrolled (50.5% male) with a mean age of 60.9 ± 14.9 years. AKI occurred in 38 (40.9%) ICU cases but only 6 (0.8%) non-ICU cases. Using forward stepwise Cox regression analysis, we found eight independent risk factors for AKI including decreased platelet level, lower albumin level, lower phosphorus level, higher level of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), procalcitonin, C-reactive protein (CRP), urea, and prothrombin time (PT) on admission. For every 0.1 mmol/L decreases in serum phosphorus level, patients had a 1.34-fold (95% CI 1.14-1.58) increased risk of AKI. Patients with hypophosphatemia were likely to be older and with lower lymphocyte count, lower serum albumin level, lower uric acid, higher LDH, and higher CRP. Furthermore, serum phosphorus level was positively correlated with phosphate tubular maximum per volume of filtrate (TmP/GFR) (Pearson r = 0.66, p < .001) in subgroup analysis, indicating renal phosphate loss via proximal renal tubular dysfunction. CONCLUSION: The AKI incidence was very low in non-ICU patients as compared to ICU patients. Hypophosphatemia is an independent risk factor for AKI in patients hospitalized for COVID-19 infection.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda/etiologia , COVID-19/complicações , Hipofosfatemia/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Injúria Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Hipofosfatemia/epidemiologia , Incidência , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Testes de Função Renal , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2
18.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(77): 9890-9893, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34494033

RESUMO

Two newly synthesized ultra-small copper nanoclusters, [Cu3(µ3-H)(µ2-dppy)4](ClO4)2 (1) and [Cu4(µ4-H)(µ2-dppy)4(µ2-Cl)2](ClO4) (2) (dppy = diphenyl-2-pyridylphosphine), have been shown to exhibit ultrabright yellow and yellow-green room-temperature phosphorescence (RTP) emission, with high quantum yields of 71.8% and 63.5%, respectively. Therefore, nanocluster 1 has been applied for the first time as a single component phosphor for yellow and white light-emitting diodes (LEDs) with favourable characteristics.

19.
Psychiatry Res Neuroimaging ; 317: 111356, 2021 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509806

RESUMO

Neuroimaging studies have indicated that the altered functional connectivity (FC) of the subgenual anterior cingulate cortex (sgACC) might be potential pathophysiology of major depressive disorder (MDD). However, directed connectivity is proven to be more closely to neurophysiological processes underlying brain activity than FC. This study aimed to identify the alterations underlying directed connectivity of the sgACC in patients with current and remitted MDD. We conducted a cross-sectional neuroimaging study by recruiting 36 patients with current MDD, 20 patients with remitted MDD, and 36 matched healthy controls. Multiple linear regression was employed to estimate bidirectional connectivity between bilateral sgACC and 115 brain regions over 230 time points. Besides, graph theory was applied to further investigate the information transfer across bilateral sgACC and abnormal brain regions. We found that both patients with current and remitted MDD showed a similar abnormality in bidirectional excitatory connectivity between the left sgACC and the right cerebellum. Patients with current MDD exhibited an increase in excitatory connectivity from the left cerebellum to the right sgACC, which was positively correlated with the HAMD score. Meanwhile, significantly decreased betweenness of the left sgACC was detected in all depressive patients. Our findings suggest that the changed bidirectional excitatory connectivity between the left sgACC and the right cerebellum might be a trait alteration and the abnormal increased excitatory connectivity from the left cerebellum to the right sgACC might be a state alteration of MDD. This work may provide a valuable contribution to identify trait and state alterations in the brain for depression.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34553465

RESUMO

Most tumors are sporadic and originated from somatic mutations. Some rare germline mutations cause familial tumors, often involving multiple tissues or organs. Tumors from somatic mosaicism during embryonic development are extremely rare. We describe here a pediatric patient who developed both an ovarian germ cell tumor and systemic mastocytosis. Targeted DNA next-generation sequencing analysis revealed similar genomic changes including the same KIT D816V mutation in both tissues, suggesting a common progenitor cancer cell. The KIT mutated cells are likely from early embryonic development during germ cell migration. A literature search found additional eight similar cases. These diseases are characterized by pediatric-onset, all-female, neoplastic proliferation in both gonad and bone marrow, and a common oncogenic cause, that is, KIT mutation, constituting a clinically and genetically homogenous disease entity. Importantly, the association of germ cell tumors with hematopoietic neoplasms suggests that the primordial germ cells are the primitive hematopoietic stem cells, a much-debated and unsettled question.

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