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1.
Food Chem ; 367: 130680, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34348198

RESUMO

This study investigated the effect of different types of smoking materials on the flavor, heterocyclic aromatic amine (HAA) content, and sensory attributes of smoked chicken drumsticks. All smoked samples showed lower pH and L*-value and higher a*-value and b*-value than the control sample (P < 0.05), but no significant differences in water content and water activity (P > 0.05). The samples smoked with sucrose combined with pear-tree woodchips (SP) or green tea leaves (ST) had higher overall acceptability than other samples (P < 0.05). Smoking increased the total HAA content, and the ST sample exhibited the highest total HAA content (P < 0.05). A total of 54 volatile compounds was identified. Overall, SP and ST are suitable for smoked chicken considering the sensory properties, while S and SA are proper for smoked chicken considering the minimization of HAAs, which may provide a theory basis for the production of smoked chicken.

2.
Food Chem ; 367: 130756, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388633

RESUMO

This study was aimed at evaluating the potential of high-intensity ultrasound (HIU, 450 W for 10 min) combined with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) having various concentrations (0, 50, 100, 200, 400, 800 µmol/g protein) to inhibit the thermal aggregation behavior of myofibrillar proteins (MPs) in water. The results indicated that the addition of H2O2 interfered with the intermolecular sulfhydryl-disulfide interchange and inhibited the disulfide bond cross-linking. The H2O2-mediated conversion of cysteine to thiol derivatives appeared to be the primary mechanism of this effect. The HIU combined with H2O2, especially at the H2O2 concentration of 200 µmol/g, corresponded to a more significant inhibitory effect than that of only H2O2, which attributed to the dissociation of the filamentous myosin structure that led to an enhanced accessibility of the buried sulfhydryl groups. In conclusion, these findings provide direct evidence for the role of HIU combined with H2O2 in improving the thermal stability of MPs.

3.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 21(1): 215, 2021 09 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488646

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effects of circadian rhythms on drug metabolism and efficacy are being increasingly recognized. However, the extent to which they affect general anesthesia remains unclear. This study aims to investigate the effects of circadian rhythms on anesthetic depth and the concentrations of propofol target-controlled infusion (TCI). METHODS: Sixty patients undergoing laparoscopic surgeries were sequentially assigned to four groups. Group ND (n = 15): Propofol TCI with Narcotrend monitor during the day (8:00-18:00), Group NN (n = 15): Propofol TCI with Narcotrend monitor during the night (22:00-5:00), Group CLTD (n = 15): Propofol closed-loop TCI guided by bispectral index (BIS) during the day (8:00-18:00), Group CLTN (n = 15): Propofol closed-loop TCI guided by BIS during the night (22:00-5:00). The Narcotrend index, mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR) were compared between group ND and NN at 7 time points, from 5 min before induction to the end of operation. The propofol TCI concentrations, MAP and HR were compared between group CLTD and CLTN at 7 time points, from 5 min after induction to the end of operation. RESULTS: The Narcotrend index, MAP, and HR in group NN were lower than those in group ND from the beginning of mechanical ventilation to the end of operation (p < 0.05). The propofol TCI concentrations in group CLTN were lower than those in group CLTD from the beginning of operation to the end of operation (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Circadian rhythms have a significant effect on the depth of anesthesia and drug infusion concentrations during propofol TCI. When using general anesthesia during night surgery, the propofol infusion concentration should be appropriately reduced compared to surgery during the day. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The present study was registered on the ClinicalTrials.gov website ( NCT02440269 ) and approved by the Medical Ethics Committee of Southwest Hospital of Third Military Medical University (ethics lot number: 2016 Research No. 93). All patients provided informed written consent to participate in the study.

4.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 17907, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34504121

RESUMO

Catheter ablation has been recommended for patients with symptomatic atrial fibrillation (AF), with pulmonary vein isolation being the cornerstone of the ablation procedure. Newly developed technologies, such as cryoballoon ablation with a second-generation cryoballoon (CB2) and the contact force radiofrequency (CF-RF) ablation, have been introduced in recent years to overcome the shortcomings of the widely used RF ablation approach. However, high-quality results comparing CB2 and CF-RF remain controversial. Thus, we conducted this meta-analysis to assess the efficacy and safety between CB2 and CF-RF using evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Databases including Embase, PubMed, the Cochrane Library, and ClinicalTrials.gov were systematically searched from their date of inception to January 2021. Only RCTs that met the inclusion criteria were included for analysis. The primary outcome of interest was freedom from atrial tachyarrhythmia (AT) during follow-up. Secondary outcomes included procedure-related complications, procedure time and fluoroscopy time. Six RCTs with a total of 987 patients were finally enrolled. No significant differences were found between CB2 and CF-RF in terms of freedom from AT (relative risk [RR] = 1.03, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.92-1.14, p = 0.616) or total procedural-related complications (RR = 1.25, 95% CI 0.69-2.27, p = 0.457). CB2 treatment was associated with a significantly higher risk of phrenic nerve palsy (PNP) than CF-RF (RR = 4.93, 95% CI 1.12-21.73, p = 0.035). The occurrences of pericardial effusion/tamponade and vascular complications were comparable between the CB2 and CF-RF treatments (RR = 0.41, p = 0.398; RR = 0.82, p = 0.632). In addition, CB2 treatment had a significantly shorter procedure time than CF-RF (weighted mean difference [WMD] = - 20.75 min, 95% CI - 25.44 ~ - 16.05 min, P < 0.001), whereas no difference was found in terms of fluoroscopy time (WMD = 4.63 min, p = 0.179). CB2 and CF-RF treatment are comparable for AF patients regarding freedom from AT and procedure-related complications. Compared to CF-RF, CB2 treatment was associated with a shorter procedure time but a higher incidence of PNP. Further large-scale studies are warranted to compare these two techniques and provide an up-to-date recommendation.

5.
Sci Total Environ ; 804: 150092, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520908

RESUMO

Both antibiotics and sediments can affect the denitrification in aquatic systems. However, little is known how antibiotics influence the denitrification in the presence of sediments. Here, the effects of antibiotics (sulfamethoxazole, tetracycline and ofloxacin) on denitrification in the absence and presence of sediments were investigated. The influencing mechanisms were revealed by quantifying the denitrification functional genes (DNGs), 16S-seq of bacteria, and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs). The results showed that the presence of antibiotics inhibited NO3-N reduction by decreasing the abundances of narG, nirK, nosZ, total DNGs, and denitrifying bacteria. However, the inhibition effect was alleviated by sediments, which promoted the growth of bacteria and decreased the selective pressure of antibiotics as the vector of bacteria and antibiotics, thus increasing the abundances of denitrifying bacteria and all the DNGs. Partial least-squares path model disclosed that antibiotics had negative effects on bacteria, ARGs and DNGs, while sediments had negative effects on ARGs but positive effects on bacteria and DNGs. The network analysis further revealed the close relation of the genera Bacillus, Acinetobacter, and Enterobacter with the ARGs and DNGs. The findings are helpful to understand the denitrification in antibiotic-polluted natural waters.

6.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(8): 773-778, 2021 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511164

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the association between cesarean section and sensory integration dysfunction (SID) in preschool children through a prospective cohort study. METHODS: Based on the multicenter mother-infant cohort established by the Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine and the International Peace Maternity and Child Health Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine in 2012, the sensory integration functions (three dimensions: vestibular balance, tactile defensiveness, and proprioception) of 392 preschool children were evaluated by the Chinese Children Sensory Integration Capacity Development Rating Scale in 2017. Births by cesarean section were the exposure factors, and the children born by vaginal delivery were enrolled as controls. A multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the association of cesarean section with each dimension of SID. RESULTS: The prevalence rate of SID was 21.9% (86/392) among the preschool children, and the prevalence rates of vestibular balance disorder, tactile over-responsivity, and proprioceptive disorder were 5.9% (23/392), 5.4% (21/392), and 15.1% (59/392) respectively. After adjustment for the confounding factors including maternal age at delivery and maternal educational level and child birth situation, the cesarean section group had a significant increase in the risk of proprioceptive disorder (RR=4.16, 95%CI: 1.41-12.30, P<0.05). The stratified analysis based on sex showed that the boys born by cesarean section had a significantly higher risk of proprioceptive disorder than those born by vaginal delivery (RR=5.75, 95%CI: 1.26-26.40, P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Cesarean section can significantly increase the risk of proprioceptive disorder in preschool children, especially in boys.


Assuntos
Cesárea , Parto Obstétrico , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos
7.
J Virol ; : JVI0132321, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523971

RESUMO

Recently, a genome-wide association study using plasma HIV RNA from antiretroviral therapy naïve patients reported that 14 naturally occurring non-synonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in HIV derived from anti-retrovirus drugs naïve patients were associated with virus load (VL). Those SNPs were detected in reverse transcriptase, RNase H, integrase, envelope, and Nef. However, the impact of each mutation on viral fitness was not investigated. Here, we constructed a series of HIV variants encoding each SNP and examined their replicative abilities. An HIV variant containing Met-to-Ile change at codon 50 in integrase (HIV(IN:M50I)) was found as an impaired virus. Despite the mutation being in integrase, the virus release was significantly suppressed (P<0.001). Transmission electron microscopy analysis revealed that abnormal bud accumulation on the plasma membrane and the released virus particles retained immature forms. Western blot analysis demonstrated a defect in autoprocessing of GagPol and Gag polyproteins' autoprocessing in the HIV(IN:M50I) particles, although Förster Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET) assay displayed that GagPol containing IN:M50I forms homodimer with a similar efficiency with GagPol (WT). The impaired maturation and replication were rescued by two other VL-associated SNPs, Ser-to-Asn change at codon 17 of integrase or Asn-to-Ser change at codon 79 of RNase H. These data demonstrate that Gag and GagPol assembly, virus release, and autoprocessing are not only regulated by integrase but also RNase H. Importance A nascent HIV-1 is a noninfectious viral particle. Cleaving Gag and GagPol polyproteins in the particle by mature HIV protease (PR), the nascent virus becomes an infectious virus. PR is initially translated as an inactive embedded enzyme in a GagPol polyprotein. The embedded PR in homodimerized GagPol polyproteins catalyzes a proteolytic reaction to release the mature PR. This excision step by a self-cleavage is called autoprocessing. Here, during the evaluation of the roles of naturally emerging non-synonymous SNPs in HIV RNA, we found that autoprocessing is inhibited by Met-to-Ile change at codon 50 in integrase GagPol. Co-existing other SNPs, Ser-to-Asn change at codon 17 in integrase or Asn-to-Ser mutation at codon 79 in RNase H, recovered this defect, suggesting that autoprocessing is regulated by not only integrase but also RNase H in GagPol polyprotein.

8.
Cell Biol Toxicol ; 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34524571

RESUMO

Chemotherapy resistance is an important problem for clinical therapy of osteosarcoma (OS). The potential effects of histone deacetylases (HDACs) on OS chemoresistance are studied. The expression of HDACs in OS cells resistance to doxorubicin (Dox) and cisplatin (CDDP) is checked. Among 11 members of HDACs, levels of HDAC6 are significantly upregulated in OS cells resistance to Dox and CDDP. Inhibition of HDAC6 via its specific inhibitor ACY1215 restores chemosensitivity of OS-resistant cells. Further, HDAC6 directly binds with estrogen-related receptors alpha (ERRα) to regulate its acetylation and protein stability. Inhibition of ERRα further strengthens ACY1215-increased chemosensitivity of OS-resistant cells. Mechanistically, K129 acetylation is the key residue for HDAC6-regulated protein levels of ERRα. Collectively, we find that ERRα contributes to HDAC6-induced chemoresistance of OS cells. Inhibition of HDAC6/ERRα axis might be a potential approach to overcome chemoresistance and improve therapy efficiency for OS treatment. 1. HDAC6 was significantly upregulated in Dox and CDDP resistant OS cells; 2. Inhibition of HDAC6 can restore chemosensitivity of OS cells; 3. HDAC6 binds with ERRα at K129 to decrease its acetylation and increase protein stability; 4. ERRα contributes to HDAC6-induced chemoresistance of OS cells.

9.
Meat Sci ; 183: 108658, 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482216

RESUMO

The flavour profiles of beef jerky separately inoculated with different autochthonous lactic acid bacteria (LAB) strains (Lactobacillus sakei BL6, Pediococcus acidilactici BP2, and Lactobacillus fermentum BL11) and a non-inoculated control were analysed using electronic nose (E-nose) and gas chromatography-ion mobility spectrometry (GC-IMS). GC-IMS results revealed a total of 42 volatile compounds in beef jerky. Inoculation of the three LAB strains decreased the levels of lipid autoxidation-derived aldehydes (e.g., hexanal, heptanal, octanal, and nonanal). In addition, inoculation of P. acidilactici BP2 increased the levels of esters. Principal component analysis of the E-nose and GC-IMS results could effectively differentiate non-inoculated beef jerky and beef jerky separately inoculated with different LAB strains. Furthermore, there was a high correlation between the E-nose and GC-IMS results, providing a theoretical basis for the identification of different beef jerky formulations and selection of autochthonous starter cultures for beef jerky fermentation.

10.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 1608, 2021 09 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34470632

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: According to the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target 3.4, premature mortality from four non-communicable diseases (cardiovascular diseases, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases, and diabetes mellitus, collectively referred to as NCD4) should achieve a minimum decline of 33% in 2030 relative to 2015. This remains a challenge for China. This study aimed to evaluate the current status and progress towards this target in Liaoning Province, one of the three provinces in northeast China. METHODS: We calculated the premature mortality rates (PMRs) per year and average annual percentage changes (AAPCs) from NCD4 using mortality data between 2004 and 2017. The trend was analyzed in the whole population, as well as in subpopulations of gender (male/female) and inhabiting area (urban/rural). PMRs from NCD4 for 2030 were projected by fitting a linear regression based on the current trend, which was identified by a Joinpoint model. FINDINGS: In the whole population, only chronic respiratory diseases showed a significant decline (AAPC: - 6.5%, p < 0.05), while only cancer showed a significant increase (AAPC: + 1.3%, p < 0.05); taken together, NCD4 showed a significant increase (AAPC: + 0.6%, p < 0.05). In the subpopulations, while males showed a significant increase in NCD4 (AAPC: + 1.5%, p < 0.05), cardiovascular diseases (AAPC: + 1.7%, p < 0.05), cancer (AAPC: + 1.8%, p < 0.05), and diabetes mellitus (AAPC: + 4.2%, p < 0.05), females showed a significant decline in NCD4 (AAPC: - 1.2%, p < 0.05), cardiovascular diseases (AAPC: - 1.8%, p < 0.05), diabetes mellitus (AAPC: - 2.1%, p < 0.05), but showed a mild increase in cancer (AAPC: + 0.5%, p > 0.05). A comparative analysis of the projected PMRs for 2030 with the 2015 levels revealed that only chronic respiratory diseases are expected to achieve the SDG target 3.4, apart from in the urban male subpopulation. CONCLUSION: Except for chronic respiratory diseases, NCD4 cannot be expected to achieve the SDG target 3.4 in the whole population of Liaoning Province. Under these circumstances, special attention should be paid to reducing the risks of cancer and providing preventative interventions for men.


Assuntos
Doenças não Transmissíveis , Desenvolvimento Sustentável , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Objetivos , Humanos , Masculino , Mortalidade Prematura , Doenças não Transmissíveis/epidemiologia
11.
Nano Lett ; 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34491070

RESUMO

Seeded lithium (Li) nucleation has been considered as a promising strategy to achieve uniform Li deposition. However, problems of agglomeration and pulverization quickly invalidate the nucleation seeds, resulting in Li dendrite growth during repeated charge/discharge processes. Herein, liquid gallium-indium (GaIn) nanoparticles with structural self-healing properties are utilized to guide uniform metallic Li nucleation and deposition. Ultrafine GaIn nanoparticles (∼25 nm) uniformly decorated on the surface of carbon layers effectively homogenize the lithium-ion flux. After fully Li stripping, lithiophilic GaIn nanoparticles return to the liquid binary eutectic phase, thereby healing the deformed structure and enabling them to continuously guide dendrite-free Li deposition. Li metal anodes with such nucleation seeds exhibit nearly zero nucleation overpotential even after hundreds of cycles and a high average Coulombic efficiency of 99.03% for more than 400 cycles. The design of self-healing nucleation seeds provides important insights for obtaining high-performance lithium metal anodes.

12.
Plant Foods Hum Nutr ; 2021 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480677

RESUMO

Garcinia mangostana L. (mangosteen) is a tropical fruit that has been used for medicinal purposes in Southeast Asia for centuries. With an interest in its applications to treat infection, we sought to investigate the bioactive constituents of mangosteen and identified the phenolic compound procyanidin B2 from the mangosteen pericarp by examining lipopolysaccharide (LPS) binding capacity. The LPS binding and neutralization activities of procyanidin B2 were determined by a combination of biophysical and in silico techniques. The affinity of procyanidin B2 to LPS was 1.61 × 10-5 M. Procyanidin B2 significantly neutralized LPS and selectively inhibited the LPS-induced release of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α from RAW264.7 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Binding thermodynamics revealed favorable hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic interactions between procyanidin B2 and LPS. Molecular simulations suggested that hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic interactions were involved in the binding process. These findings have, for the first time, shed light on the anti-inflammatory properties of procyanidin B2 through LPS binding and neutralization and provided a promising lead for the development of antiendotoxin agents.

13.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 40(1): 278, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34470658

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), a lethal brain tumor, remains the most daunting challenge in cancer therapy. Overexpression and constitutive activation of PDGFs and PDGFRα are observed in most GBM; however, available inhibitors targeting isolated signaling pathways are minimally effective. Therefore, better understanding of crucial mechanisms underlying GBM is needed for developing more effective targeted therapies. METHODS: Target genes controlled by HIF1α in GBM were identified by analysis of TCGA database and by RNA-sequencing of GBM cells with HIF1α knockout by sgRNA-Cas9 method. Functional roles of HIF1α, PDGFs and PDGFRs were elucidated by loss- or gain-of-function assays or chemical inhibitors, and compared in response to oxygen tension. Pharmacological efficacy and gene expression in mice with intracranial xenografts of primary GBM were analyzed by bioluminescence imaging and immunofluorescence. RESULTS: HIF1α binds the PDGFD proximal promoter and PDGFRA intron enhancers in GBM cells under normoxia or mild-hypoxia to induce their expression and maintain constitutive activation of AKT signaling, which in turn increases HIF1α protein level and activity. Paradoxically, severe hypoxia abrogates PDGFRα expression despite enhancing HIF1α accumulation and corresponding PDGF-D expression. Knockout of HIF1A, PDGFD or PDGFRA in U251 cells inhibits cell growth and invasion in vitro and eradicates tumor growth in vivo. HIF1A knockdown in primary GBM extends survival of xenograft mice, whereas PDGFD overexpression in GL261 shortens survival. HIF1α inhibitor Echinomycin induces GBM cell apoptosis and effectively inhibits growth of GBM in vivo by simultaneously targeting HIF1α-PDGFD/PDGFRα-AKT feedforward pathway. CONCLUSIONS: HIF1α orchestrates expression of PDGF-D and PDGFRα for constitutive activation of AKT pathway and is crucial for GBM malignancy. Therefore, therapies targeting HIF1α should provide an effective treatment for GBM.

14.
Adv Clin Exp Med ; 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34498816

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immunoglobulin A (IgA) vasculitis is the most common systemic vasculitis of childhood. It can affect the gastrointestinal system (GS) and the renal system. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLR) and other hematological markers in predicting GS and renal system complications of IgA vasculitis in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and fifteen children with IgA vasculitis and 95 healthy children were included in this study. Demographic characteristics, organ involvement, and laboratory findings, including neutrophil, lymphocyte, monocyte and platelet (Plt) counts, red blood cell volume distribution width (RDW), platelet distribution width (PDW), mean platelet volumes (MPV), monocyte/platelet counts (MLR), neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR), were evaluated. RESULTS: Among 115 children with IgA vasculitis, 34 (29.5%) cases had GS involvement, and renal involvement was observed in 12 children (10.4%). Neutrophil, monocyte and Plt count and MLR, NLR and PLR values were higher in the IgA vasculitis group than in control groups. Moreover, the neutrophil count and NLR and MLR levels were significantly higher in children with GS involvement than in those without GS involvement. Logistic regression analysis showed MLR was the sole risk factor for GS involvement among these parameters. Furthermore, a cut-off MLR value of 0.245 differentiated children with IgA vasculitis with GS involvement from those without GS involvement (are under the curve (AUC) 0.694, with a sensitivity of 52.9% and specificity of 77.8%). CONCLUSIONS: An elevated MLR value could serve as a useful marker in predicting GS involvement in IgA vasculitis in children. Therefore, monitoring the blood MLR value may serve as an important novel indicator to pediatricians regarding the involvement of GS and disease severity of IgA vasculitis.

15.
Microb Biotechnol ; 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34469634

RESUMO

Huanglongbing (HLB) is currently considered the most destructive disease of citrus worldwide. In the major citrus-growing areas in Asia and the US, the major causal agent of HLB is the bacterial pathogen Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (CLas). CLas is vectored by the Asian citrus psyllid, Diaphorina citri, in a persistent propagative manner. CLas cannot be cultured in vitro because of its unclear growth factors, leading to uncertainty in the infection mechanism of CLas at the cellular level in citrus and in D. citri. To characterize the detailed infection of CLas in the host and vector, the incidence of HLB was first investigated in citrus-growing fields in Fujian Province, China. It was found that the positive association of the level of CLas infection in the leaves correlated with the symptoms. Then antibodies against peptides of the outer membrane protein (OMP) of CLas were prepared and tested. The antibodies OMP-225, OMP-333 and OMP724 showed specificity to citrus plants in western blot analyses, whereas the antibodies OMP-47 and OMP-225 displayed specificity to the D. citri vector. The application of OMP-225 in the immunofluorescence assay indicated that CLas was located in and distributed throughout the phloem sieve cells of the leaf midribs and axile placenta of the fruit. CLas also infected the epithelial cells and visceral muscles of the alimentary canal of D. citri. The application of OMP-333 in immunoelectron microscopy indicated the round or oval CLas in the sieve cells of leaf midribs and axile placenta of fruit as well as in the epithelial cells and reticular tissue of D. citri alimentary canal. These results provide a reliable means for HLB detection, and enlighten a strategy via neutralizing OMP to control HLB. These findings also provide insight for the further investigation on CLas infection and pathogenesis, as well as CLas-vector interaction.

16.
BMC Pharmacol Toxicol ; 22(1): 49, 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530934

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Preconditioning of the heart ameliorates doxorubicin (Dox)-induced cardiotoxicity. We tested whether pretreating cardiomyocytes by mitochondrial-targeted antioxidants, mitoquinone (MitoQ) or SKQ1, would provide better protection against Dox than co-treatment. METHODS: We investigated the dose-response relationship of MitoQ, SKQ1, and vitamin C on Dox-induced damage on H9c2 cardiomyoblasts when drugs were given concurrently with Dox (e.g., co-treatment) or 24 h prior to Dox (e.g., pretreatment). Moreover, their effects on intracellular and mitochondrial oxidative stress were evaluated by 2,7-dichlorofluorescin diacetate and MitoSOX, respectively. RESULTS: Dox (0.5-50 µM, n = 6) dose-dependently reduced cell viability. By contrast, co-treatment of MitoQ (0.05-10 µM, n = 6) and SKQ1 (0.05-10 µM, n = 6), but not vitamin C (1-2000 µM, n = 3), significantly improved cell viability only at intermediate doses (0.5-1 µM). MitoQ (1 µM) and SKQ1 (1 µM) significantly increased cell viability to 1.79 ± 0.12 and 1.59 ± 0.08 relative to Dox alone, respectively (both p < 0.05). Interestingly, when given as pretreatment, only higher doses of MitoQ (2.5 µM, n = 9) and SKQ1 (5 µM, n = 7) showed maximal protection and improved cell viability to 2.19 ± 0.13 and 1.65 ± 0.07 relative to Dox alone, respectively (both p < 0.01), which was better than that of co-treatment. Moreover, the protective effects were attributed to the significant reduction in Dox-induced intracellular and mitochondrial oxidative stress. CONCLUSION: The data suggest that MitoQ and SKQ1, but not vitamin C, mitigated DOX-induced damage. Moreover, MitoQ pretreatment showed significantly higher cardioprotection than its co-treatment and SKQ1, which may be due to its better antioxidant effects.

17.
Dis Markers ; 2021: 8800358, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34512816

RESUMO

Background: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is one of the most common aggressive malignant tumors in the urinary system, among which the clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the most common subtype. The immune-related long noncoding ribonucleic acids (irlncRNAs) which are abundant in immune cells and immune microenvironment (IME) have potential significance in evaluating the prognosis and effects of immunotherapy. The signature based on irlncRNA pairs and independent of the exact expression level seems to have a latent predictive significance for the prognosis of patients with malignant tumors but has not been applied in ccRCC yet. Method: In this article, we retrieved The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database for the transcriptome profiling data of the ccRCC and performed coexpression analysis between known immune-related genes (ir-genes) and lncRNAs to find differently expressed irlncRNA (DEirlncRNA). Then, we adopted a single-factor test and a modified LASSO regression analysis to screen out ideal DEirlncRNAs and constructed a Cox proportional hazard model. We have sifted 28 DEirlncRNA pairs, 12 of which were included in this model. Next, we compared the area under the curve (AUC), found the cutoff point by using the Akaike information criterion (AIC) value, and distinguished the patients with ccRCC into a high-risk group and a low-risk group using this value. Finally, we tested this model by investigating the relationship between risk score and survival, clinical pathological characteristics, cells in tumor immune microenvironment, chemotherapy, and targeted checkpoint biomarkers. Results: A novel immune-related lncRNA pair signature consisting of 12 DEirlncRNA pairs was successfully constructed and tightly associated with overall survival, clinical pathological characteristics, cells in tumor immune microenvironment, and reactiveness to immunotherapy and chemotherapy in patients with ccRCC. Besides, the efficacy of this signature was verified in some commonly used clinicopathological subgroups and could serve as an independent prognostic factor in patients with ccRCC. Conclusions: This signature was proven to have a potential predictive significance for the prognosis of patients with ccRCC and the efficacy of immunotherapy.

18.
Nanoscale ; 13(35): 14688-14693, 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533556

RESUMO

Recent advances in two-dimensional van der Waals (2D vdW) magnets provide new platforms to study their magnetism in reduced dimensions. However, most of the studies performed to date have been limited to low temperatures. Here, we report the proximity effect of a 2D vdW magnet Fe3GeTe2 (FGT) on nickel (Ni) films at room temperature. Ferromagnetic resonance measurements show that FGT can increase the perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) and magnetic damping of the adjacent Ni film. Such an interfacial effect is observed at room temperature, and becomes more pronounced as the temperature decreases. A similar effect is also achieved in another 2D heterostructure of Cr2Ge2Te6/Ni, implying its universality in a variety of 2D magnetic materials. Our work provides a new approach for utilizing 2D magnets in spintronics at room temperature.

19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(12): 2984-2994, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467688

RESUMO

To systematically review the efficacy and safety of Naoxueshu Oral Liquid in treatment of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage, four Chinese databases, four English databases, clinical trials registration center(ClinicalTrials.gov) and Chinese clinical trial registry were retrieved. The retrieval time was from the establishment of each database to September 9, 2020. According to the set criteria, the randomized controlled trial(RCT) of Naoxueshu Oral Liquid combined with conventional Western medicine was selected. The "Cochrane bias risk assessment" tool was used to evaluate the quality of the included studies. RevMan 5.4.1 was used to conduct Meta-analysis of the included studies and GRADE system was used to evaluate the evidence quality of the outcome indicators. Eleven studies were finally included, with a total sample size of 1 221 cases, 612 cases in the treatment group and 609 cases in the control group. Meta-analysis showed that Naoxueshu Oral Liquid combined with conventional Western medicine had no significant difference compare with conventional Western medicine in reducing National Institute of health stroke scale(NIHSS) after 2 weeks of treatment for hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage(MD=-1.59,95%CI[-3.46,0.29],P=0.10), but was superior to conventional Western medicine after 30 d of treatment(MD=-1.16,95%CI [-1.39,-0.94],P<0.000 01). Naoxueshu Oral Liquid combined with conventional Western medicine was superior to conventional Western medicine in improving Glasgow coma scale(MD=1.00,95%CI[0,2.00],P=0.05) and reducing the incidence of secondary brain insults(RR=0.38,95%CI[0.24,0.59],P<0.000 1), but there was no significant difference in increasing Barthel index(MD=1.00,95%CI[-0.30,2.30],P=0.13). In terms of effective rate, studies using Guideline for clinical trials of new patent Chinese medicines, NHISS or Glasgow outcome scale(GOS) had shown that Naoxueshu Oral Liquid combined with conventional Western medicine was superior to conventional Western medicine(RR_(Guideline for clinical trials of new patent Chinese medicines)=1.27,95%CI[1.10,1.46],P=0.001;RR_(NHISS)=1.26,95%CI[1.13,1.40],P<0.000 1;RR_(GOS)=1.54,95%CI[1.22,1.93],P=0.000 2). In reduction of hematoma volume, Naoxueshu Oral Liquid combined with conventional Western medicine was superior to conventional Western medicine after 2 and 4 weeks of treatment(MD_(2 week)=-2.31,95%CI[-3.12,-1.49],P<0.000 01;MD_(4 week)=-2.04,95%CI[-2.41,-1.68],P<0.000 01). GRADE system showed that the evidence level of the above outcome indicators was low and extremely low. In terms of adverse reactions, two of the included studies reported mild adverse reactions, and the rest of studies were not mentioned, so this study was not able to make a positive evaluation of the safety of Naoxueshu Oral Liquid. This study showed that compared with conventional Western medicine, combined Naoxueshu Oral Liquid may be better for hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage. However, due to the high bias risk in the included studies, more large-sample and high-quality RCTs are still needed in the future.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Hemorragia Intracraniana Hipertensiva , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Hemorragia Intracraniana Hipertensiva/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos sem Prescrição
20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(12): 2995-3006, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467689

RESUMO

The effect of oral or nasal feeding with Chinese patent medicine on hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage was systematically evaluated by using the method of network Meta-analysis. Four Chinese databases(CNKI, VIP, Wanfang, CBM), three English databases(Medline, EMbase, Cochrane Library) and ClinicalTrials.gov were retrieved through computers. According to the inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria, randomized controlled trials(RCTs) of Chinese patent medicine combined with Western medicine in the treatment of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage were screened out according to the inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria. The Cochrane bias risk assessment tool was used to evaluate the quality of the included studies, and Stata 16.0 software was used to analyze the outcome indicators. A total of 3 888 literatures were retrieved, and 30 studies involving 6 kinds of Chinese patent medicines were finally included. The total sample size was 2 758 cases, including 1 401 cases in the treatment group and 1 357 cases in the control group. According to the results of network Meta-analysis,(1)in terms of improving the degree of nerve function defect, the order of Chinese patent medicines was conventional Western medicine combined with Xiaoyukang Capsules>combined with Tongxinluo Capsules>combined with Naoxuekang Oral Liquid>combined with Naoxueshu Oral Liquid>combined with Angong Niuhuang Pills>conventional Western medicine;(2)in terms of reducing the amount of residual cerebral hematoma, the order of Chinese patent medicines was conventional Western medicine combined with Naoxueshu Oral Liquid>combined Xiaoyukang Capsules>combined Naoxuekang Oral Liquid>conventional Western medicine;(3)in terms of improving ability of daily living, the order of Chinese patent medicines was conventional Western medicine combined with Shenzhi Huoxue Capsules>combined with Angong Niuhuang Pills>combined with Naoxueshu Oral Liquid>conventional Western medicine;(4)in terms of improving total effective rate, the order of Chinese patent medicines was conventional Western medicine combined with Naoxueshu Oral Liquid>combined with Xiaoyukang Capsules>combined with Angong Niuhuang Pills=combined with Naoxuekang Oral Liquid>combined Tongxinluo Capsules>conventional Western medicine treatment. The results showed that in addition to conventional Western medicine therapy, the combined use with Chinese patent medicine can improve the clinical efficacy in the treatment of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage. However, due to the differences in the number and quality of various Chinese patent medicines included in the studies, and the lack of direct comparison of Chinese patent medicines, the ranking results still need to be verified by multi center, large-sample-size randomized double-blind trials in the future, so as to provide more reliable evidence support for clinical drug use.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Intracraniana Hipertensiva , Medicina Tradicional do Leste Asiático , China , Humanos , Metanálise em Rede , Medicamentos sem Prescrição , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
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