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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31647987

RESUMO

ß-thymosin family comprise a series of heat-stable multifunctional polypeptides involved in actin regulation, anti-inflammation, wound healing, cell migration, angiogenesis, cardiac protection, antimicrobial processes and antiviral immunity. The roles of Tß12 (thymosin-ß12) in marine invertebrates is still largely unknown, especially in terms of antibacterial immunity. In this study, we cloned the Tß12 gene with an ORF of 126 bp coding 41 amino acids from Urechis unicinctus. Tissue distribution analysis by qRT-PCR used TBP as reference gene showed that Tß12 was widely expressed in all tissues, and the transcript levels were the highest in the body wall, followed by the coelomic fluid, and the lowest in the intestines and anal sacs. After LPS (lipopolysaccharides) injection, Tß12 expression in the body was first elevated significantly at 3 h (p < 0.05), indicating that the body wall was the first defense line of the innate immune system; in the coelomic fluid, the Tß12 mRNA levels increased after LPS injection, with a significant increase occurring at 6 h, showing that coelomic fluid functioned as the second defense line of the innate immune system. In the midgut and anal sacs, a significant increase in the Tß12 level occurred at 24 h, suggesting that the midgut and anal sacs may act as accessory organs for the innate immune system. Moreover, U. unicinctus Tß12 recombinants can effectively inhibit the growth of both gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria. These results indicate that U. unicinctus Tß12 plays important roles in innate antibacterial immune responses, which can deepen our understanding of Tß12 in marine invertebrates.

2.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1866(1): 165583, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31676378

RESUMO

Acetaminophen (APAP) is one of the most commonly used drugs worldwide, and APAP-induced liver injury is the most frequent cause of acute liver failure in developed countries. However, the mechanisms of APAP-induced hepatotoxicity are not well understood, and treatment options for the disorder are very limited. Here, we show that TRAIL (tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand) is a major mediator of APAP-induced liver injury in mice, and its blockade markedly ameliorates the liver failure. In APAP-treated mice, TRAIL was expressed in the liver, spleen, and peripheral blood primarily by CD11b+Gr1+ neutrophils. The concentration of soluble TRAIL in the blood, and the frequencies of TRAIL+ leukocytes in the spleen and liver positively correlated with the severity of liver injury. APAP sensitized hepatocytes to TRAIL-induced apoptosis by upregulating the expression of the TRAIL receptor DR5 (death receptor 5), presumably through its transcription factor CHOP (C/EBP homologous protein). Importantly, blocking TRAIL with a soluble DR5-Fc fusion protein (sDR5-Fc) significantly attenuated APAP-induced liver injury, the hepatic infiltration of leukocytes, the levels of inflammatory cytokines, and the mortality of mice. When administered alongside N-acetylcysteine, sDR5-Fc further protected against APAP-induced acute liver injury. Thus, the TRAIL-DR5 signaling pathway plays a key role in APAP-induced liver inflammation and failure, and its blockade represents an effective new strategy to treat the liver disease.

3.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 224: 117362, 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31352140

RESUMO

In this work, a novel strategy for perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS) detection was established by using a ratiometric nanosensor with the combination of fluorescence and second-order scattering (SOS). The practical ratiometric nanosensor was synthesized simply by mixing fluorescent dye ethidium bromide (EB) and nitrogen doped carbon dots (N-CDs) which was synthesized by a one-step hydrothermal method with Victoria Blue B, possessing three emission peaks at 472 nm, 560 nm and 600 nm under a single wavelength excitation of 280 nm, respectively. The EB served as the reference signal label, and the N-CDs, having response to the analytes, acted as the response signal label. To achieve ratiometric detection, the fluorescence emission of the N-CDs was turned off and the SOS emission was turned on with the addition of the target PFOS. To achieve colorimetric detection, with the help of EB, the fluorescence of the system changed from green to orange. Under the optimal conditions, the difference of F472/I568 of the nanosensor had good linearity against the concentrations of PFOS within a linear range of 0-2.0 µM. The limit of detection was as low as 27.8 nM, which was low enough for the detection of PFOS in water samples. The proposed method has been successfully applied to the detection of PFOS with RSD <1.67%. The results show that the as-prepared N-CDs/EB ratiometric nanosensor has potential application for the detection of PFOS in environmental monitoring.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31793624

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), a homodimeric glycoprotein produced by hepatocytes has been shown to be associated with metabolic disorders. Whether circulating SHBG levels are predictive of later risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) remains unknown. In this study, we prospectively investigated the association between SHBG and NAFLD progression through a community-based cohort comprising 3,389 Chinese adults. METHODS: NAFLD was diagnosed using abdominal ultrasonography. Serum SHBG levels were measured by chemiluminescent enzyme immunometric assay, and their relationship with NAFLD development and regression was investigated after a mean follow-up of 3.09 years using multivariable logistic regression. RESULTS: Basal SHBG was negatively associated with NAFLD development, with a fully adjusted odds ratio (OR) and its 95% confidence interval (CI) of 0.22 (0.12-0.40) (P-trend < 0.001). In contrast, basal SHBG was positively associated with NAFLD regression, with a fully adjusted OR of 4.83 (2.38-9.81) (P-trend < 0.001). Multiple-stepwise logistic regression analysis showed that SHBG concentration was an independent predictor of NAFLD development (OR, 0.28 [0.18-0.45]; P < 0.001) and regression (OR, 3.89 [2.43-6.22]; P < 0.001). In addition, the area under the receiver operating characteristic curves were 0.764 (95% CI, 0.740-0.787) and 0.762 (95% CI, 0.738-0.785) for the prediction models of NAFLD development and regression, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Serum SHBG concentration is associated with the development and regression of NAFLD; moreover, it can be a potential biomarker for predicting NAFLD progression, and also a novel preventive and therapeutic target for NAFLD.

5.
Anal Chem ; 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31790576

RESUMO

Many studies have demonstrated that the extracellular domain of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2 ECD) level in serum can act as a breast cancer biomarker and serve in monitoring neoadjuvant therapy of breast cancer. In this study, we developed a sensitive ascorbic acid (AA)-mediated AuNBPs (gold nanobipyramids) growth method with NADH (reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide Ⅰ) assistance, and further fabricated a high-resolution multicolor immunosensor for sensitive visual detection of HER2 ECD in serum by using AuNBPs as signal and antibody as recognition probe. The NADH-assisted AA-mediated method effectively suppress blank and greatly improve sensitivity of mediating AuNBPs growth, which makes us can use low concentration of AA to mediate AuNBPs growth to generate more colorful and clearer color changes. The proposed multicolor immunosensor has higher resolution and more color changes corresponding to HER2 ECD concentrations. It can be used to detect as low as 0.5 ng/mL of HER2 ECD by bare eye observation and 0.05 ng/mL of HER2 ECD by UV-visible spectrophotometry. Using the immunosensor, we have successfully detected HER2 ECD in human serum with a recovery of 94%-96% and an RSD (n=5) < 5%. The results obtained with our immunosensor were consistent with those obtained with ELISA, verifying the immunosensor has good accuracy. The immunosensor exhibited a vivid multicolor change, has low visual detection limit, excellent specificity and reproducibility, and robust resistance to matrix. All above features makes our immunosensor a promising assay for the early diagnosis of HER2-dependent breast cancers in clinical diagnosis.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31786712

RESUMO

Neuroinflammation is associated with the progression of multiple neurological diseases. Many studies show that SIRT2 involves in multiple inflammatory processes. While, the mechanisms remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of SIRT2 inhibitor AGK2 on inflammatory responses and MAPK signaling pathways in LPS activated microglia in vitro and in vivo. The effect of AGK2 on cell viability of BV2 microglial cells was detected by CCK-8 assay. The expression of inflammatory cytokine iNOS was analyzed by western blotting and immunofluorescence. The mRNA expressions of iNOS, TNF-α, and IL-1ß were detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The SIRT2, phospho-P38, P38, phospho-JNK, JNK, phospho-ERK, ERK, α-tubulin, and acetyl-α-tubulin were analyzed by western blotting respectively. The interaction between SIRT2 and MKP-1 was measured by Co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) assay. Double immunofluorescent staining was performed to detect the expressions of CD11b and iNOS or SIRT2 in brain tissues. We found that AGK2 could suppress LPS-induced inflammatory cytokines (iNOS, TNF-α, and IL-1ß) expression levels in BV2 microglial cells. Moreover, it could effectively reduce the expression of SIRT2 and increase the acetylation of α-tubulin in LPS activated BV2 microglial cells and LPS induced mice neuroinflammation. In addition, our results showed that AGK2 could reduce the increase of phosphorylation p38, JNK, and ERK after LPS challenge. Co-IP results showed that there was no direct interaction between MKP-1 and SIRT2. However, AGK2 by inhibition of SIRT2 could increase the expression of MKP-1. Furthermore, AGK2 could inhibit the activation of BV2 microglia and expression of iNOS and SIRT2 in LPS treated mice brain tissue. Taken together, our results suggested that AGK2 might alleviate lipopolysaccharide induced neuroinflammation through regulation of mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase-1. Graphical abstract.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31787232

RESUMO

AMPK is generally a tumor suppressor. However, once cancer arises, AMPK becomes a tumor promoter instead, driving cancer development. For such AMPK-driven cancers, AMPK blockade may be a valuable therapeutic strategy. Here we show that AMPK is upregulated in a variety of hematological cancers and plays key roles in maintaining viability of tumor cells. Blockade of AMPK signaling by dorsomorphin markedly induces apoptosis in Jurkat, K562 cell lines as well as primary cancerous B cells. Mechanistically, dorsomorphin significantly upregulates the expression of BAD, a pro-apoptotic member of the Bcl-2 gene family involved in initiating apoptosis. Reduction of BAD expression by RNA interference prevents apoptosis in response to AMPK inhibition. Thus, our data found BAD integrates the pro-apoptotic effects of dorsomorphin and provided novel insights into the mechanisms by which AMPK facilitates survival signaling in hematologic tumor cells.

8.
Oncol Rep ; 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31789401

RESUMO

Acyl­CoA synthetase long­chain family member 4 (ACSL4) is a member of the long chain family of acyl­CoA synthetase proteins, which have recently been shown to serve an important role in ferroptosis. Previous studies have suggested that ferroptosis is involved in the occurrence of glioma; however, the role of ACSL4 in glioma remains unknown. In the present study, a reduction of ferroptosis in human glioma tissues and glioma cells was observed. Subsequently, it was demonstrated that the expression of ACSL4 was also downregulated in human glioma tissues and cells. A ferroptosis inhibitor and inducer were used to investigate the effects of ferroptosis on viability. The results showed that promoting ferroptosis inhibited the proliferation of glioma cells, and that the use of inducers had the reverse effect. Therefore, it was hypothesized that the reduction in ACSL4 expression may have been involved in ferroptosis and proliferation in glioma. Overexpression of ACSL4 decreased expression of glutathione peroxidase 4 and increased the levels of ferroptotic markers, including 5­hydroxyeicosatetraenoic (HETE), 12­HETE and 15­HETE. Additionally, ACSL4 overexpression resulted in an increase in lactate dehydrogenase release and a reduction in cell viability. The opposite results were observed when ACSL4 was silenced. These findings suggest that ACSL4 regulates ferroptosis and proliferation of glioma cells. To further investigate the mechanism underlying ACSL4­mediated regulation of proliferation in glioma cells, cells were treated with small interfering (si)­ACSL4 and sorafenib, a ferroptosis inducer. sorafenib attenuated the ability of siRNA­mediated silencing of ACSL4, thus improving cell viability. These results demonstrate that ACSL4 protects glioma cells and exerts anti­proliferative effects by activating a ferroptosis pathway and highlight the pivotal role of ferroptosis regulation by ACSL4 in its protective effects on glioma. Therefore, ACSL4 may serve as a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of glioma.

9.
J Glaucoma ; 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31790065

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To develop a software package for automated measuring of the trabecular-iris angle (TIA) using ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM). METHODS: UBM images were collected and the TIA was manually measured by specialists. Different models were used as the convolutional neural network (CNN) for the automatic TIA measurement. The root-mean-squared error (RMSE), explained variance (EVA), and mean absolute percentage error (MAPE) were used to evaluate the performance of these models. The interobserver reproducibility, coefficient of variation (CV), and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) were calculated to evaluate the consistency between the manual measured and the model predicted values. RESULTS: ResNet-18 had the best performance in RMSE, EVA, and MAPE among all five models. The average difference between the angles measured manually and by the model is -0.46±3.97° for all eyes, -1.67±5.19° for open angles, and 0.75±1.43° for narrow angles. The CV, ICC, and reproducibility of the total TIA measurements are 6.8%, 0.95, and 6.1° for all angles, 6.4%, 0.99, and 7.7° for open angles, and 8.8%, 0.93, and 4° for narrow angles, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Preliminary results show that this fully automated anterior chamber angle measurement method can achieve high accuracy and have good consistency with the manual measurement results, this has great significance for future clinical practice.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31709198

RESUMO

Little is known regarding differences in the gut microbiomes of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and healthy cohorts in China. This study aimed to identify differences in the fecal microbiomes of 66 Chinese patients with RA and 60 healthy Chinese controls. The V3-V4 variable regions of bacterial 16S rRNA genes were sequenced with the Illumina system to define the bacterial composition. The alpha-diversity index of the microbiome of the RA patients was significantly lower than that of the control group. The bacterial genera Bacteroides (p = 0.02202) and Escherichia-Shigella (p = 0.03137) were more abundant in RA patients. In contrast, Lactobacillus (p = 0.000014), Alloprevotella (p = 0.0000008615), Enterobacter (p = 0.000005759), and Odoribacter (p = 0.0000166) were less abundant in the RA group than in the control group. Spearman correlation analysis of blood physiological measures of RA showed that bacterial genera such as Dorea and Ruminococcus were positively correlated with RF-IgA and anti-CCP antibodies. Furthermore, Alloprevotella and Parabacteroides were positively correlated with the erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and Prevotella-2 and Alloprevotella were positively correlated with C-reactive protein, both biomarkers of inflammation. These findings suggest that the gut microbiota may contribute to RA development via interactions with the host immune system.

12.
EMBO J ; : e102154, 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31736098

RESUMO

The function and number of muscle stem cells (satellite cells, SCs) decline with muscle aging. Although SCs are heterogeneous and different subpopulations have been identified, it remains unknown whether a specific subpopulation of muscle SCs selectively decreases during aging. Here, we find that the number of SCs expressing high level of transcription factor Pax7 (Pax7Hi ) is dramatically reduced in aged mice. Myofiber-secreted granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) regulates age-dependent loss of Pax7Hi cells, as the Pax7Hi SCs are replenished by exercise-induced G-CSF in aged mice. Mechanistically, we show that transcription of G-CSF (Csf3) gene in myofibers is regulated by MyoD in a metabolism-dependent manner. Furthermore, myofiber-secreted G-CSF acts as a metabolic niche factor required for establishing and maintaining the Pax7Hi SC subpopulation in adult and physiological aged mice by promoting the asymmetric division of Pax7Hi and Pax7Mi SCs. Together, our findings uncover that muscles provide a metabolic niche regulating Pax7 SC heterogeneity in mice.

13.
Nat Chem Biol ; 15(12): 1133-1134, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31740826
14.
Appl Opt ; 58(28): 7733-7740, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674455

RESUMO

In the research on scattering polarimetry, a scattering mechanism is described by an internal degree of freedom called rotation invariant parameter α. Traditionally, α is calculated by the diagonal scattering matrix of the single scatterer. However, when the research object is a scatterer with complicated surface and microstructure, the traditional calculation of parameter α is biased, since the corresponding scattering matrix is a nondiagonal matrix. To address this problem, this paper proposes a scientific model based on Cameron decomposition to raise the accuracy of parameter α in the complicated scatterer. The rotation invariant parameter with higher accuracy is renamed as a nondiagonal rotation invariant angle. In the verified experiments, the experimental values of each nondiagonal rotation invariant angle are compared with the referenced values calculated by optical constant and incident angle. The results demonstrate that fewer residuals are achieved than by the traditional method. Based on the presented calculating model, the scattering mechanism difference interval between two different materials is proposed as a judging area to distinguish the differences between scattering mechanisms in application.

15.
Appl Opt ; 58(28): 7741-7748, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674456

RESUMO

A four-quadrant detector is a kind of photoelectric detector that can quickly and accurately measure the incident angle of light. However, its ability to measure in a large field of view (FOV) is limited by its hardware structure and its calculation principle. To solve these problems, this paper proposes an improved algorithm that can extend the measurement linear range without reducing its measurement accuracy. After that, through simulation and experiment, we compare it with many other location algorithms, including the most widely used classical algorithm and the logarithmic algorithm suitable for large FOVs. Finally, the following conclusions can be drawn from both theoretical data and experimental data: the improved algorithm can significantly improve the measurement accuracy over 50% in the same FOV condition, and the measurable range can be expanded over 25% in the same accuracy requirement. At the same time, the robustness of noise does not decrease; when the root mean square error of the classical algorithm fluctuates at 0.1° in different SNR conditions, the improved algorithm is also 0.1°, while the logarithmic algorithm can reach 1.7°, and other algorithms are around 0.25°. In addition, the improved algorithm is more stable in measuring a certain direction and can effectively avoid the influence from the offset of incident light in another axis.

16.
Theranostics ; 9(26): 8266-8276, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31754395

RESUMO

Rationale: Despite the promises of applying theranostic nanoagents for imaging-guided cancer therapy, the chronic retention of these nanoagents may cause safety concerns that hinder their future clinical applications. The metabolizable nanoagents with rapid renal excretion to avoid long-term toxicity is a possible solution for this issue. Method: Herein, we synthesize ultra-small metal-organic coordination polymer nanodots based on ruthenium ion (Ru3+) / phenanthroline (Phen) (Ru-Phen CPNs) with superior near-infrared (NIR) absorption. The size, photothermal conversion, cytotoxicity, photoacoustic imaging, in vivo & in vitro cancer treatment efficiency and biosafety are tested. Results: The size of the ultra-small Ru-Phen CPNs is 6.5 nm. The photothermal conversion efficiency is measured to be ~ 60.69 %, much higher than that of previously reported photothermal agents. The Ru-Phen CPNs could be employed for photoacoustic (PA, 808 nm) imaging-guided photothermal therapy (PTT, 808 nm, 0.5 W/cm2) with great performance. Notably, the intrinsic PA signals (808 nm) of Ru-Phen CPNs are observed in kidneys of treated mice, illustrating efficient renal clearance of those ultra-small CPNs. Moreover, the clearance of CPNs is further confirmed by detecting Ru levels in urine and feces. Conclusion: Our work presents a new type of ultra-small Ru-based CPNs with a record high photothermal conversion efficiency, efficient tumor retention after systemic administration, and rapid renal excretion to avoid long-term toxicity, promising for imaging-guided photothermal therapy.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31766308

RESUMO

Water eutrophication caused by agricultural production has become one of the most important factors that impede sustainable rural environmental governance in China. As a result, the Chinese central and local governments want to reduce the use of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizer and gain socioeconomical profit simultaneously by promoting crayfish and rice integrated system (CRIS) in the rural areas with abundant water resources. In this article, we investigated whether CRIS in Qianjiang, Hubei, the origin place of the system in China, contributes to fulfilling the governments' expectations. We found that CRIS efficaciously cuts the fertilizer rate in rice production and boosts farmers' incomes because crayfish has a demand for water quality and holds a large internal market requirement. However, higher profit encourages farmers to expand crayfish production and thus discourages the initiatives in rice production. The area of the ditch for crayfish production expands ceaselessly and exceeds the limit of regulation of CRIS. As a result, the CRIS in the areas has emerged as a practice of aquaculture but in farmland. This is a regulatory gap. The input-output analysis of CRIS by material balance method can also reveal that excessive feed for crayfish has become a new source of agricultural pollution. Beyond that, due to the changed irrigation system and increased water exchange frequency of CRIS, the pollution has transformed from passive distribution to active, which will increase the risk of water eutrophication on a large area.

18.
Bioresour Technol ; : 122422, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31767427

RESUMO

In order to illustrate the impact that application of positive or negative potential to conductive materials can have on direct interspecies electron transfer (DIET) and reactor performance under high organic loading rates, three continuous laboratory-scale reactors with carbon-cloth electrodes poised at +0.7 V, -0.7 V (vs. Ag/AgCl) and no-potential were fed high concentrations of ethanol wastewater. While exoelectrogens and methanogens that are capable of DIET were significantly enriched in poised reactors, they performed worse than the non-current control. Volatile fatty acids (VFAs) accumulated more rapidly in the positively then negatively poised reactor, but neither could withstand high-loading rates. These results demonstrate that applying potential to conductive materials had a negative effect on anaerobic digestion under high-loading conditions.

19.
Sci Adv ; 5(11): eaax9301, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31763455

RESUMO

Understanding atomic-scale wear is crucial to avoid device failure. Atomic-scale wear differs from macroscale wear because chemical reactions and interactions at the friction interface are dominant in atomic-scale tribological behaviors, instead of macroscale properties, such as material strength and hardness. It is particularly challenging to reveal interfacial reactions and atomic-scale wear mechanisms. Here, our operando friction experiments with hydrogenated diamond-like carbon (DLC) in vacuum demonstrate the triboemission of various hydrocarbon molecules from the DLC friction interface, indicating its atomic-scale chemical wear. Furthermore, our reactive molecular dynamics simulations reveal that this triboemission of hydrocarbon molecules induces the atomic-scale mechanical wear of DLC. As the hydrogen concentration in hydrogenated DLC increases, the chemical wear increases while mechanical wear decreases, indicating an opposite effect of hydrogen concentration on chemical and mechanical wear. Consequently, the total wear shows a concave hydrogen concentration dependence, with an optimal hydrogen concentration for wear reduction of around 20%.

20.
Opt Lett ; 44(23): 5751-5754, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31774770

RESUMO

The digitization of the complete shape of real objects has essential applications in fields of intelligent manufacturing, industrial detection, and reverse modeling. In order to build the full geometric models of rigid objects, the object must be moved relative to the measurement system (or the scanner must be moved relative to the object) to obtain and integrate views of the object from all sides, which not only complicates the system configuration but makes the whole process time-consuming. In this Letter, we present a high-resolution real-time 360° three-dimensional (3D) model reconstruction method that allows one to rotate an object manually and see a continuously updated 3D model during the scanning process. A multi-view fringe projection profilometry system acquires high-precision depth information about a handheld object from different perspectives and, meanwhile, the multiple views are aligned and merged together in real time. Our system employs stereo phase unwrapping and an adaptive depth constraint that can unwrap the phase of dense fringe images robustly without increasing the number of captured patterns. We then develop an efficient coarse-to-fine registration strategy to match the 3D surface segments rapidly. Our experiments demonstrate that our method can reconstruct the high-precision complete 3D model of complex objects under arbitrary rotation without any instrument assist and expensive pre/post-processing.

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