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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 448: 130870, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36709742

RESUMO

Thermal desorption technology has been widely used for the remediation of organic contaminated soil, but the heating process may alter the soil properties and its safety reutilization. After thermal remediation, the target pollutants including chloroform, 1,2-dichloroethane, 1,1,2-trichloroethane, 1,2,3-trichloropropane and vinyl chloride in the chlorinated hydrocarbon contaminated site were reduced significantly. The soil microbial α-diversity was also reduced by more than half. Notably, the relative abundance of Chloroflexi decreased by 9.0%, while Firmicutes had a 9.0% increase after thermal remediation. By water regulation and exogenous microorganism addition, the soil microbial community could not be restored to its initial state before thermal remediation in a relatively short time (30 days). The relative abundance of Proteobacteria increased from 25.4% to 41.7% and 51.0% by water regulation and exogenous microorganism addition, respectively. The modularity of the microbial co-occurrence network was strengthened after microbial restoration, but the interaction among microorganisms was weakened. Thermal remediation might be conducive to the C- and N-cycle related processes, but severely weakened the sulfide oxidation processes. Notably, microbial restoration would benefit the recovery of the S-cycle functional groups. These results provided a new perspective for the safety reutilization of soil after thermal remediation.

2.
Mar Drugs ; 21(1)2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36662216

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD), a neurodegenerative disease, is one of the most intractable illnesses which affects the elderly. Clinically manifested as various impairments in memory, language, cognition, visuospatial skills, executive function, etc., the symptoms gradually aggravated over time. The drugs currently used clinically can slow down the deterioration of AD and relieve symptoms but cannot completely cure them. The drugs are mainly acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (AChEI) and non-competitive N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NDMAR) antagonists. The pathogenesis of AD is inconclusive, but it is often associated with the expression of beta-amyloid. Abnormal deposition of amyloid and hyperphosphorylation of tau protein in the brain have been key targets for past, current, and future drug development for the disease. At present, researchers are paying more and more attention to excavate natural compounds which can be effective against Alzheimer's disease and other neurodegenerative pathologies. Marine natural products have been demonstrated to be the most prospective candidates of these compounds, and some have presented significant neuroprotection functions. Consequently, we intend to describe the potential effect of bioactive compounds derived from marine organisms, including polysaccharides, carotenoids, polyphenols, sterols and alkaloids as drug candidates, to further discover novel and efficacious drug compounds which are effective against AD.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Produtos Biológicos , Doenças Neurodegenerativas , Humanos , Idoso , Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Produtos Biológicos/farmacologia , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Acetilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36705635

RESUMO

Antiferroelectric thin-film capacitors with ultralow remanent polarization and fast discharge speed have attracted extensive attention for energy storage applications. A multilayer heterostructure is considered to be an efficient approach to enhance the breakdown strength and improve the functionality. Here, we report a high-performance multilayer heterostructure (PbZrO3/PbTiO3)n with a maximum recoverable energy storage density of 36.4 J/cm3 due to its high electric breakdown strength (2.9 MV/cm) through the heterostructure strategy. The positive effect of interfacial blockage and the negative effect of local strain defects competitively affect the breakdown strength, showing an inflection point at n = 3. The atomic-scale characterizations reveal the underlying microstructure mechanism of the interplay between the heterointerface dislocations and the decreased energy storage performance. This work offers the potential of well-designed multilayers with high energy storage performance through heterostructure engineering.

4.
Neural Regen Res ; 18(7): 1584-1590, 2023 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36571366

RESUMO

Neurotrophic factors, particularly nerve growth factor, enhance neuronal regeneration. However, the in vivo applications of nerve growth factor are largely limited by its intrinsic disadvantages, such as its short biological half-life, its contribution to pain response, and its inability to cross the blood-brain barrier. Considering that let-7 (human miRNA) targets and regulates nerve growth factor, and that let-7 is a core regulator in peripheral nerve regeneration, we evaluated the possibilities of let-7 application in nerve repair. In this study, anti-let-7a was identified as the most suitable let-7 family molecule by analyses of endogenous expression and regulatory relationship, and functional screening. Let-7a antagomir demonstrated biosafety based on the results of in vivo safety assessments and it entered into the main cell types of the sciatic nerve, including Schwann cells, fibroblasts and macrophages. Use of hydrogel effectively achieved controlled, localized, and sustained delivery of let-7a antagomir. Finally, let-7a antagomir was integrated into chitosan conduit to construct a chitosan-hydrogel scaffold tissue-engineered nerve graft, which promoted nerve regeneration and functional recovery in a rat model of sciatic nerve transection. Our study provides an experimental basis for potential in vivo application of let-7a.

5.
Talanta ; 254: 124139, 2022 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36470013

RESUMO

Tyrosine protein kinase 7 (PTK7) is overexpressed in breast cancer, which is considered as a cancer marker for breast cancer diagnosis. Therefore, a simple fluorescent probe for PTK7 detection and cell imaging was developed. In the developed probe, Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles were used as the fluorescent separator, and the fluorescence of carbon dots were used as the detection signal. The probe was worked by control the configurations of the aptamer of PTK7, the aptamer would be open chains by recognition of PTK7, which bond with carbon dots and show fluorescent signal. Based on the remarkably high affinity and selectivity of aptamer for PTK7, the excellent fluorescence property of carbon dots and the outstanding magnetism of Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles, the developed probe showed satisfied results for PTK7 detection in serum and MCF-7 cell imaging. The probe detected PTK7 in the range of 0.2-200 ng mL-1 with a detection limit of 0.0347 ng mL-1, and successfully imaged the cancer cell expressed PTK7. The results indicate that the nano-fluorescent probe has great potential for clinical applications.

7.
J Exp Bot ; 2022 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36455868

RESUMO

Increased root H + secretion is known as a strategy of plant adaption to low phosphorus (P) stress by enhancing mobilization of sparingly soluble P-sources. However, it remains fragmentary about the comprehensive effects induced by this enhanced rhizosphere acidification. The present study revealed that P deficiency increased the net H + flux rate from soybean (Glycine max) roots. Among the eight H  +-pyrophosphatases (GmVP) genes in soybean genome, GmVP2 showed the highest expression level under low P conditions. Transient expression of a GmVP2-GFP chimera in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) leaves, together with the functional characterization of GmVP2 in transgenic soybean hairy roots demonstrated that GmVP2 encoded a plasma membrane transporter that mediated H + exudation. Meanwhile, GmVP2-overexpression in Arabidopsis thaliana resulted in enhanced root H + exudation, promoted root growth, and improved sparingly soluble Ca-P utilization. The improved root growth caused by GmVP2-overexpression might due to the differential expression of genes relative to hormone and flavonoid metabolisms, and root development. Overexpression of GmVP2 also changed the rhizospheric microbial community structures, as reflected by a preferential accumulation of Acidobacteria. These results suggest that GmVP2 mediates H + exudation in root response to Pi starvation, which coordinately influences plant growth, sparingly soluble P-sources mobilization and microbial community structures.

8.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 22(1): 510, 2022 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36494634

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (uHCC), intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) has become one of the options for clinical local treatment. Immune parameters, including platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and systemic immune inflammatory (SII), predict survival in various cancers. This study aimed to determine whether peripheral immune parameters can predict survival in patients with uHCC undergoing IMRT and establish a clinically useful prognostic nomogram for survival prediction. METHODS: The clinical data of 309 HCC patients were retrospectively analyzed and randomly divided into training (n = 216) and validation (n = 93) cohorts. PLR, NLR and SII were collected before and after IMRT. Univariate and multivariate Cox analyses were performed to identify independent prognostic factors affecting survival, which were used to generate a nomogram. RESULTS: The median survival was 16.3 months, and significant increases in PLR, NLR, and SII were observed after IMRT (P < 0.001). High levels of immune parameters were associated with poor prognosis (P < 0.001); enlarged spleen, Barcelona clinic liver cancer stage (B and C), post-SII, and delta-NLR were independent risk factors for survival and were included in the nomogram, which accurately predicted 3- and 5-year survival. The nomogram was well verified in the validation cohort. CONCLUSIONS: High levels of immune parameters are associated with poor prognosis in uHCC patients receiving IMRT. Our nomogram accurately predicts the survival of patients with uHCC receiving IMRT.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Inflamação/patologia , Linfócitos/patologia , Neutrófilos
9.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 1023623, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36338075

RESUMO

Abnormally raised circulating bile acids (BA) during pregnancy threat fetal and offspring health. Our previous study has identified sulfated progesterone metabolites (PMSs) in part account for dysregulation of maternal BA homeostasis during pregnancy, however, limited intervention strategies to remedy increased serum BA through PMSs during pregnancy are available. The purpose of this study is to test the feasibility of manipulating BA homeostasis and progesterone metabolism through steering gut microbiota. A total of 19 pregnant sows were randomly treated with standard diet or vancomycin-supplemented diet, to investigate the intercorrelation of PMSs, intestinal microbiota, and maternal BA metabolism from day 60 of gestation (G60) until farrowing (L0). Pregnant mice orally gavaged with epiallopregnanolone sulfate (PM5S) or vehicle and nonpregnant mice were sampled and further analyzed to verify the effect of PM5S on maternal BA metabolism. The present study revealed that oral vancomycin reduced maternal fasting serum total BA (TBA) levels and postprandial serum TBA levels at day 90 of gestation (G90). BA profile analysis showed the decreased TBA after vancomycin treatment was attributed to the decrease of primary BA and secondary BA, especially hyodeoxycholic acid (HDCA). By using newly developed UPLC-MS/MS methods, we found vancomycin increased fecal excretion of allopregnanolone sulfate (PM4S) and PM5S during late gestation and thus maintaining the relative stability of serum PM4S and PM5S, which play an important role in BA metabolism. Further study in mice showed that pregnant mice have higher serum and liver TBA levels compared with nonpregnant mice, and PM5S administration induced higher gallbladder TBA levels and TBA pool in pregnant mice. In addition, after oral vancomycin, the continuously decreased Parabacteroides genus, potentially enriched with genes encoding steroids sulfatase, may explain the increased fecal PMSs excretion in pregnant sows. Taken together, our study provides the evidence that pregnancy-induced elevation of BA levels in sow is likely regulated by manipulation of gut microbiota, which offer new insights into the prevention and treatment of disrupted BA homeostasis during pregnancy by targeting specific microbiota.

10.
Microb Cell Fact ; 21(1): 222, 2022 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36289548

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The catabolite repressor/activator protein (FruR) is a global regulatory protein known to control the expression of several genes concerned with carbon utilization and energy metabolism. This study aimed to illustrate effects of the FruR mutant on the L-phenylalanine (L-PHE) producing strain PHE01. RESULTS: Random mutagenesis libraries of fruR generated in vitro were first integrated into the chromosome of PHE01 by CRISPR/Cas9 technique, and then the best mutant PHE07 (FruRE173K) was obtained. With this mutant, a final L-PHE concentration of 70.50 ± 1.02 g/L was achieved, which was 23.34% higher than that of PHE01. To better understand the mechanism, both transcriptomes and metabolomes of PHE07 were carried out and compared to that of PHE01. Specifically, the transcript levels of genes involved in gluconeogenesis pathway, pentose phosphate pathway, Krebs cycle, and glyoxylate shunt were up-regulated in the FruRE173K mutant, whereas genes aceEF, acnB, and icd were down-regulated. From the metabolite level, the FruRE173K mutation led to an accumulation of pentose phosphate pathway and Krebs cycle products, whereas the products of pyruvate metabolism pathway: acetyl-CoA and cis-aconic acid, were down-regulated. As a result of the altered metabolic flows, the utilization of carbon sources was improved and the supply of precursors (phosphoenolpyruvate and erythrose 4-phosphate) for L-PHE biosynthesis was increased, which together led to the enhanced production of L-PHE. CONCLUSION: A novel strategy for L-PHE overproduction by modification of the global transcription factor FruR in E. coli was reported. Especially, these findings expand the scope of pathways affected by the fruR regulon and illustrate its importance as a global regulator in L-PHE production.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Escherichia coli , Escherichia coli , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/genética , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Fosfoenolpiruvato/metabolismo , Carbono/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Acetilcoenzima A/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Fenilalanina/metabolismo , Glioxilatos/metabolismo , Piruvatos/metabolismo
11.
Mol Neurobiol ; 2022 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36261692

RESUMO

Transcription factors are master regulators of various cellular processes under diverse physiological and pathological conditions. Many transcription factors that are differentially expressed after injury to peripheral nerves play important roles in nerve regeneration. Considering that rapid and timely regrowth of injured axons is a prerequisite for successful target reinnervation, here, we compile transcription factors that mediates axon elongation, including axon growth suppressor Klf4 and axon growth promoters c-Myc, Sox11, STAT3, Atf3, c-Jun, Smad1, C/EBPδ, and p53. Besides neuronal changes, Schwann cell phenotype modulation is also critical for nerve regeneration. The activation of Schwann cells at early time points post injury provides a permissive microenvironment whereas the re-differentiation of Schwann cells at later time points supports myelin sheath formation. Hence, c-Jun and Sox2, two critical drivers for Schwann cell reprogramming, as well as Krox-20 and Sox10, two essential regulators of Schwann cell myelination, are reviewed. These transcription factors may serve as promising targets for promoting the functional recovery of injured peripheral nerves.

12.
Toxics ; 10(10)2022 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36287901

RESUMO

Large amounts of enriched cadmium (Cd) in the environment seriously threatens the healthy and sustainable development of the aquaculture industry and greatly restricts the development of the food processing industry. Studying the distribution and toxic effects of Cd in fish, as well as the possible toxic effects of Cd on the human body, is very significant. A large number of studies have shown that the accumulation and distribution of Cd in fish are biologically specific, cause tissue differences, and seriously damage the integrity of tissue structure and function, the antioxidant defense system, the reproductive regulation system, and the immune system. The physiological, biochemical, enzyme, molecular, and gene expression levels change with different concentrations and times of Cd exposure, and these changes are closely related to the target sites of Cd action and tissues in fish. Therefore, the toxic effects of Cd on fish occur with multiple tissues, systems, and levels.

13.
Front Physiol ; 13: 993904, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36225311

RESUMO

Worldwide, the rapid increase in the incidence of diabetes and its complications poses a serious threat to human health. Ferroptosis, which is a new nonapoptotic form of cell death, has been proven to be closely related to the occurrence and development of diabetes and its complications. In recent years, lncRNAs have been confirmed to be involved in the occurrence and development of diabetes and play an important role in regulating ferroptosis. An increasing number of studies have shown that lncRNAs can affect the occurrence and development of diabetes and its complications by regulating ferroptosis. Therefore, lncRNAs have great potential as therapeutic targets for regulating ferroptosis-mediated diabetes and its complications. This paper reviewed the potential impact and regulatory mechanism of ferroptosis on diabetes and its complications, focusing on the effects of lncRNAs on the occurrence and development of ferroptosis-mediated diabetes and its complications and the regulation of ferroptosis-inducing reactive oxygen species, the key ferroptosis regulator Nrf2 and the NF-κB signaling pathway to provide new therapeutic strategies for the development of lncRNA-regulated ferroptosis-targeted drugs to treat diabetes.

14.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 31(3): 322-326, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36204966

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To describe the MRI features of acinar cell carcinoma of parotid gland (AciCC) and to evaluate the diagnostic value of MR functional imaging. METHODS: A total of 269 cases of maxillofacial AciCC confirmed by surgery and pathology were analyzed. Among them, nineteen subjects with AciCC in the parotid gland underwent preoperative MRI examination (non-enhanced scan for one case, enhanced scan for 18 cases), seventeen patients underwent diffusion-weighted imaging scan, and 15 patients underwent dynamic contrast-enhanced scan. MRI findings of 19 patients were retrospectively analyzed. The lesion size, location, morphology, margin, internal composition, enhancement pattern and functional imaging characteristics were analyzed. SPSS 25.0 software package was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: Among 269 cases of maxillofacial AciCC, there were 108 males and 161 females, male: female = 1:1.49, aged from 4 to 89 years, with a mean age of (45.95±17.33) years. 84.4% (227/269) were located in the parotid gland. On MRI images, 78.9% (15/19) had well-defined margin, 57.9% (11/19) were round or oval, and 36.8% (7/19) were lobed nodules. One case had irregular morphology and peripheral invasion. The range of maximum diameter was 6-56 mm, averaging (24.8±15.3) mm. Internal composition showed 57.9% (11/19) were cystic solid, 42.1% (8/19) were solid, 31.6% (6/19) had bleeding. T2-weighted MRI showed 52.6% (10/19) with envelope structure, 15.8% (3/19) with low signal separation inside, 38.9%(7/18) had uniform enhancement, and 61.1%(11/18) had uneven enhancement. Functional imaging showed the mean ADC value of tumor was (1.026±0.194)×10-3 mm2/s(n=17). 86.7%(13/15) TIC was type Ⅱ. CONCLUSIONS: Most maxillofacial AciCC are located in the parotid gland. It is difficult to distinguish AciCC from benign tumors with conventional MRI in morphology. The ADC value of AciCC is lower than that of benign tumors, and the type of TIC curve is mostly type Ⅱ. Combination of morphology and functional imaging can improve the diagnostic accuracy of this disease.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Acinares , Neoplasias Parotídeas , Adulto , Carcinoma de Células Acinares/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma de Células Acinares/patologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Glândula Parótida/diagnóstico por imagem , Glândula Parótida/patologia , Neoplasias Parotídeas/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Genes (Basel) ; 13(10)2022 10 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36292780

RESUMO

Azorhizobium caulinodans ORS571 contains an 87.6 kb integrative and conjugative element (ICEAc) that conjugatively transfers symbiosis genes to other rhizobia. Many hypothetical redundant gene fragments (rgfs) are abundant in ICEAc, but their potential function in horizontal gene transfer (HGT) is unknown. Molecular biological methods were employed to delete hypothetical rgfs, expecting to acquire a minimal ICEAc and consider non-functional rgfs as editable regions for inserting genes related to new symbiotic functions. We determined the significance of rgf4 in HGT and identified the physiological function of genes designated rihF1a (AZC_3879), rihF1b (AZC_RS26200), and rihR (AZC_3881). In-frame deletion and complementation assays revealed that rihF1a and rihF1b work as a unit (rihF1) that positively affects HGT frequency. The EMSA assay and lacZ-based reporter system showed that the XRE-family protein RihR is not a regulator of rihF1 but promotes the expression of the integrase (intC) that has been reported to be upregulated by the LysR-family protein, AhaR, through sensing host's flavonoid. Overall, a conservative module containing rihF1 and rihR was characterized, eliminating the size of ICEAc by 18.5%. We propose the feasibility of constructing a minimal ICEAc element to facilitate the exchange of new genetic components essential for symbiosis or other metabolic functions between soil bacteria.


Assuntos
Azorhizobium caulinodans , Sesbania , Azorhizobium caulinodans/genética , Transferência Genética Horizontal , Sesbania/microbiologia , Integrases/metabolismo , Flavonoides/metabolismo , Solo
16.
Front Surg ; 9: 997344, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36171817

RESUMO

Objective: To study the efficacy of interval debulking surgery (IDS) plus hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) compared to IDS alone for the treatment of ovarian cancer after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT). Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of patients with stage IIIC/IV high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma who underwent surgery at our center from January 2018 to December 2019. Patients who underwent IDS after NACT with (N = 20) or without (N = 42) HIPEC were included. HIPEC was administered after surgery and was combined with 1-2 courses of intraperitoneal hyperthermic perfusion with normal saline only. We analyzed clinical information and outcomes for the two groups. Results: The median progression-free survival (PFS) was 14.05 months in the IDS plus HIPEC group and 12.97 months in the IDS group (P = 0.597). The median overall survival (OS) was not reached. After adjustment for age between the two groups, the differences in PFS and OS remained nonsignificant. The change ratio of postoperative CA-125 to preoperative CA-125 was 0.66 in the IDS plus HIPEC group and 0.53 in the IDS group (P = 0.341). The difference in human epididymis protein 4 (HE-4) change ratio between the two groups was nonsignificant (P = 0.225). No significant difference was observed in the occurrence of grade 3 and 4 adverse events between the two groups (P = 0.201). Conclusion: After NACT, IDS plus HIPEC did not show significant PFS and tumor index change ratio benefits over IDS alone in patients with primary ovarian cancer. Further investigations are needed to assess the role of HIPEC in the treatment of ovarian cancer.

17.
Biomolecules ; 12(9)2022 09 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36139122

RESUMO

Nickel (Ni) is ubiquitous in the environment and evidence has suggested that Ni can cause ocular surface inflammation, especially in fine particulate matter and personal products. Continuous daily exposure to Ni-containing dust may adversely impact the human cornea, whereas the underlying mechanism of this phenomenon remains not fully understood. Here, human corneal epithelial cells (HCEC) were employed to analyze the toxicity of Ni via detections of cell morphology, cell viability, reactive oxygen species production, cell apoptosis rate, and apoptotic gene expression levels after exposure for 24 h to uncover the damage of Ni to the cornea. A concentration-dependent inhibition of HCECs' viability and growth was observed. In particular, Ni at 100 µM significantly decreased cell viability to 76%, and many cells displayed an abnormal shape and even induced oxidative damage of HCEC by increasing ROS to 1.2 times, and further led to higher apoptosis (24%), evidenced by up-regulation of apoptotic genes Caspase-8, Caspase-9, NF-κB, IL-1ß, and Caspase-3, posing a risk of dry eye. Our study suggested that Ni induces apoptosis of HCEC through oxidative damage. Therefore, Ni pollution should be comprehensively considered in health risks or toxic effects on the ocular surface.


Assuntos
NF-kappa B , Níquel , Apoptose , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Caspase 8/metabolismo , Caspase 9/metabolismo , Poeira , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Humanos , Inflamação/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Níquel/metabolismo , Níquel/toxicidade , Estresse Oxidativo , Material Particulado/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
18.
Vet Sci ; 9(9)2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36136723

RESUMO

Zinc is both essential and inhibitory for the pathogenesis of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC). However, the accurate effects and underlying mechanism of marginal zinc deficiency on ETEC infection are not fully understood. Here, a marginal zinc-deficient mouse model was established by feeding mice with a marginal zinc-deficient diet, and ETEC k88 was further administrated to mice after antibiotic disruption of the normal microbiota. Marginal zinc deficiency aggravated growth impairment, diarrhea, intestinal morphology, intestinal permeability, and inflammation induced by ETEC k88 infection. In line with the above observations, marginal zinc deficiency also increased the intestinal ETEC shedding, though the concentration of ETEC in the intestinal content was not different or even decreased in the stool. Moreover, marginal zinc deficiency failed to change the host's zinc levels, as evidenced by the fact that the serum zinc levels and zinc-receptor GPR39 expression in jejunum were not significantly different in mice with ETEC challenge. Finally, marginal zinc deficiency upregulated the relative expression of virulence genes involved in heat-labile and heat-stable enterotoxins, motility, cellular adhesion, and biofilm formation in the cecum content of mice with ETEC infection. These findings demonstrated that marginal zinc deficiency likely regulates ETEC infection through the virulence factors, whereas it is not correlated with host zinc levels.

19.
Sleep Breath ; 2022 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36115873

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Intermittent hypoxia (IH) mimicking obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been confirmed to induce tumor lung metastasis via oxidative stress and inflammation responses. Follistatin-like 1 (Fstl1), as a matricellular protein, plays critical roles in inflammatory diseases and cancer. This study aimed to investigate the effect and mechanism of Fstl1 on OSA-IH-induced tumor lung metastasis. METHODS: Fstl1+/+ or Fstl1+/- mice inoculated with B16F10 melanoma cells were exposed to OSA-IH. The number and area of mouse lung metastatic colonies were assessed. Markers for tumor metastasis, oxidative stress, and inflammation in lung melanoma tissue or B16F10 melanoma cells were quantified by western blotting, qRT-PCR, and immunohistochemistry. The migration of B16F10 cells was examined by wound healing assay. RESULTS: Fstl1 levels are decreased in lung tissues from OSA-IH injured mice inoculated with melanoma cells. Fstl1-deficient mice were highly susceptible to the OSA-IH model of melanoma lung metastasis, as assessed by increased number and area of lung metastatic colonies, and by the elevated levels of HIF-1α, Vegf, N-cadherin, and E-cadherin. Lung melanoma tissue in Fstl1+/- mice provided evidence of increased oxidative stress, as determined by increased levels of NRF2 and P22phox and decreased level of Sod2, as well as increased inflammatory response, as determined by elevated levels of NF-κB P65, Tnf-α and Il-6. Conversely, stable overexpression of Fstl1 in B16F10 cells under OSA-IH exposure attenuated the migration of B16F10 cells and levels of tumor-related markers, as well as decreased oxidative stress and inflammatory responses. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that Fstl1 may protect against OSA-IH-induced tumor lung metastasis through oxidative stress and inflammatory responses. Fstl1 may serve as a promising target for OSA-related cancer.

20.
J Environ Manage ; 322: 116144, 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36067661

RESUMO

Acid rain is a global environmental problem that mobilizes heavy metals in soils, while the distribution and geochemical fraction of heavy metals during acid rain infiltration in heterogeneous soils are still unclear. In this study, we performed column experiments to investigate the distribution and geochemical fraction of Cu, Pb, Ni and Cd in heterogeneously layered soils during continuous acid rain infiltration. Chloride ion used as a conservative tracer was found to be uniformly distributed during acid rain infiltration, showing insignificant preferential flow effects in the column. In contrast, however, the distribution of heavy metals was highly non-uniform, especially in the silty soil at the lower part of the column, indicating a heterogeneous distribution of adsorption capacity. In addition, in the control experiments with neutral rain infiltration, uniform distribution of heavy metals was observed, indicating that the heterogeneous distribution of adsorption coefficient during acid rain infiltration was mainly caused by different pH buffering capacities. A numerical model considering water flow and solute transport was developed, where the average water-solid distribution coefficient (Kd) in Layer 2 was only 1.5-12.5% of that in Layer 1 during acid rain infiltration. The model could predict the variation of heavy metal concentrations in soil with the majority of error less than 35%, confirming that different Kd induced the heterogeneous distribution of heavy metals. In addition, the geochemical fraction of heavy metals in the upper coarse sand layer remained stable, while the acid-extractable fractions in the lower loam and silt loam layer gradually increased. Our findings suggest that soil heterogeneity, especially chemical heterogeneity affected by rainfall acidity, has an important influence on the infiltration, migration and geochemical fraction of heavy metals in soils. This study could help guide the risk assessment of heavy metal-contaminated sites that were polluted by acid rain or landfill leachate.


Assuntos
Chuva Ácida , Metais Pesados , Poluentes do Solo , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Cádmio , China , Cloretos , Monitoramento Ambiental , Chumbo , Metais Pesados/análise , Areia , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Água
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