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1.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 36(1): 77-89, 2020 Jan 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32072783

RESUMO

The introduction of the mevalonate pathway (MVA pathway) in recombinant Escherichia coli can improve the synthesis of terpenoids. But the imbalance expression of MVA pathway genes and accumulation of intermediates inhibit cell growth and terpenoids production. In this study, each gene of MVA pathway and key genes of lycopene synthesis pathway were cloned in plasmid to express in the recombinant E. coli LYC103 with optimizing the expression of the key genes of the 2-methyl-D-erythritol-4-phosphate pathway (MEP pathway), chromosome recombinant MVA pathway and the lycopene synthesis pathway. The results showed that the overexpression of ispA, crtE, mvaK1, idi and mvaD genes did not affect the cell growth, while lycopene production increased by 13.5%, 16.5%, 17.95%, 33.7% and 61.1% respectively, indicating that these genes may be the rate-limiting steps for the synthesis of lycopene. mvaK1, mvaK2, mvaD of MVA pathway were the rate-limiting steps and were in an operon. The mvaK1, mvaK2, mvaD operon was regulated by mRS (mRNA stabilizing region) library in front of mvaK1, obtaining strain LYC104. Lycopene yield of LYC104 was doubled and cell growth was increased by 32% compared with the control strain LYC103. CRISPR-cas9 technology was used to integrate idi into chromosome at lacZ site to obtain LYC105 strain. Cell growth of LYC105 was increased by 147% and lycopene yield was increased by 2.28 times compared with that of LYC103. In this study, each gene of lycopene synthesis pathway was expressed in plasmid to certify the rate-limiting gene based on the complete MVA pathway on the chromosome. Then the rate-limiting gene was integrated in chromosome with homologous recombination to release the rate-limiting, which providing a new strategy for the construction of high-yield strains for metabolic engineering.

2.
J Exp Bot ; 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32061090

RESUMO

Virus-induced flowering (VIF) exploits RNA or DNA viruses to express flowering time genes to induce flowering in plants. Such plant virus-based tools have recently attracted widespread attention for their fundamental and applied uses in flowering physiology and in accelerating breeding in dicotyledonous crops and woody fruit-trees. We now extend this technology to a monocot grass and a cereal crop. Using the Foxtail mosaic virus-based VIF system, dubbed FoMViF, we showed that expression of florigenic Flowering Locus T (FT) genes can promote early flowering and spikelet development in proso millet, a C4 grass species with potential for nutritional food and biofuel resources, and in non-vermalized C3 wheat, a major food crop worldwide. Floral and spikelet/grain induction in the two monocot plants was caused by the virally expressed untagged or FLAG-tagged FT orthologues, and the florigenic activity of rice Hd3a was more pronounced than its dicotyledonous counterparts in proso millet. The FoMViF system is easy to perform and its efficacy to induce flowering and early spikelet/grain production is high. In addition to proso millet and wheat, we envisage that FoMViF will be also applicable to many economically important monocotyledonous food and biofuel crops.

3.
Microb Pathog ; 142: 104038, 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32027976

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: PI3Kγ is closely related to inflammation and cardiovascular diseases and thus, PI3Kγ inhibitors are candidate drugs for the treatment of these disorders. Considering the potential effect of the intestinal microbiome on inflammation and cardiovascular diseases, this study aimed to identify characteristics of the intestinal microbial community under PI3Kγ deficiency, to help reveal the potential influence of PI3Kγ inhibitors mediated by the microbial community. METHODS: Exon 2 of the PI3Kγ gene was knocked out in a Balb/c mouse by using single-guide RNAs. Homozygous PI3Kγ-knockout (PI3Kγ-/-) mice were obtained by embryo transfer and hybridization. PI3Kγ-/- and wild-type (WT) mice were raised in the same specific pathogen-free conditions until 8 weeks of age. Then, colonic tissues and feces from the middle segment of the colon were collected and analyzed by Illumina MiSeq sequencing. Differences in intestinal microbial community between the PI3Kγ-/- and WT mice were detected by bioinformatics analysis. RESULTS: The richness and alpha diversity of the colonic microbial community were decreased in PI3Kγ-/- mice. The alpha diversity of the microbial community in feces did not differ between PI3Kγ-/- and WT mice. The beta diversity of the microbial community in feces of PI3Kγ-/- mice was obviously different from that in WT mice, whereas the within-group variation in Bray-Curtis distances of the mucosal microbial community was significantly decreased in PI3Kγ-/- mice. The topological structure of the species-related network of the colonic microbial community in PI3Kγ-/- mice was more polarized. Finally, we predicted that PI3Kγ deficiency might affect the synthesis of some antibiotics, bile acid, and thiamine through effects on the microbial community. CONCLUSIONS: PI3Kγ dysfunction led to degeneration of the intestinal microbial community and might alter the synthesis of some antibiotics, bile acids, and thiamine. The usage of PI3Kγ inhibitors for inflammation and cardiovascular diseases might lead to knock-on effect on our organism through intestinal microbiota.

4.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 79: 105901, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31896510

RESUMO

Lipopolysaccharide stimulates the intestinal microbiome to activate phosphoinositide 3 kinase (PI3K) signaling via several pathways; however, the direct effect that PI3K has on the intestinal bacterial community remains unclear. Herein, we investigate changes in the colonic microbiome of colitis PI3Kγ-knockout (PI3Kγ-/-) mice. Additionally, the effect of anal administration of colonic irrigation fluid from control mice to those with colitis was examined. Microbial 16S rRNA genes from the colonic mucosa of PI3Kγ-/- and WT mice were sequenced using Illumina MiSeq platform, and colonic IgA, IL-2, IL-10, and IL-17A production was quantified by western blot analysis. Myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity was detected by absorbance via colorimetric analysis. From the results, two new indices were derived by dividing the bacterial community into invading taxa, common taxa, and vanishing taxa. These indices were used to estimate the degree of microbiome disorder in chronic experimental colitis models. PI3Kγ-/- mice showed slower remission of inflammation as assessed by the disease activity index,pathological score, IL-2, IL-17, IL-10, IgA expression and MPO activity. The unique and common taxa of wild-type and PI3Kγ-/- mice increased as colitis symptoms regressed. Continuous loss of commensal bacteria happened with the continuous invasion of exogenous bacteria in the intestinal mucosa of PI3Kγ--/- mice after colitis begin to aggravate. However, transplantation of normal intestinal microbiota to PI3Kγ-/- mice promoted remission of inflammation; while the microbial dysbiosis observed during PI3Kγ dysfunction aggravated the intestinal microbiome disorder and impeded colitis recovery. Thus, the PI3Kγ signaling pathway may regulate microbial community composition in the colon.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31965684

RESUMO

Enzymes contain several subunits to maintain different biological functions. However, it remains a great challenge for specific discrimination of one subunit over another. Toward this end, the fluorescent probe TPEMA is now presented for highly specific detection of the B subunit of cytosolic creatine (CK) kinase isoenzyme (CK-B). Owing to its aggregation-induced emission property, TPEMA shows highly boosted emission toward CK-B with a fast response time and very low interference from other analytes, including the M subunit of CK (CK-M). With the aid of a Job plot assay, ITC assay and molecular dynamics simulation, it was directly confirmed that the remarkably enhanced fluorescence of TPEMA in the presence of CK-B results from the restriction of single molecular motion in the cavity. Selective wash-free fluorescence imaging of CK-B in macrophages under different treatments was successfully demonstrated.

6.
Infect Drug Resist ; 12: 3827-3834, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31824180

RESUMO

Purpose: The aim of this work was to identify a novel ß-lactamase gene bla PAU-1 encoded on the plasmid of a clinical Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolate. Materials and methods: The clinical P. aeruginosa isolates were isolated from a hospital in southern China. Molecular cloning was performed to analyze the function of the resistance gene. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined by means of the agar dilution method to determine the antimicrobial susceptibilities of the strains. Whole-genome sequencing and comparative genomics analysis were performed to analyze the structures of the resistance gene-related sequences. Results: PAU-1 is a molecular class A, Bush-Jacoby group 2be enzyme which encoded 293 amino acids and shared 74% amino acid identity with a putative class A ß-lactamase from Rhodoferax saidenbachensis. Cloned bla PAU-1 in Escherichia coli and P. aeruginosa conferred resistance to piperacillin and ampicillin, and elevated the MIC with a 2-3 dilution for some oxyimino-ß-lactams in P. aeruginosa. The genetic environment of bla PAU-1 is tnpA-res-hp-relE-bla PAU-1-lysR, which is in accordance with the structure of a Tn3 transposon. Epidemiological investigation of bla PAU-1 in the same district did not show any evidences of molecular dissemination associated with this determinant. Conclusion: A novel class A ß-lactamase gene, bla PAU-1, associated with the mobile genetic element was identified on a transferable plasmid in a clinical P. aeruginosa isolate. Strict surveillance for the emergence of the new determinant should be established and an effort should be made to block the dissemination of this determinant.

7.
Int J Genomics ; 2019: 7191935, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31828082

RESUMO

The genus Citrobacter is an opportunistic pathogen causing infections in animals, and the published data for its resistance to florfenicol are scarce. In this study, we investigated the antimicrobial susceptibility and molecular characteristics of florfenicol resistance genes among Citrobacter isolates from animal and relevant environmental samples and conducted a comparative analysis of a multidrug-resistant Citrobacter freundii strain isolated from a rabbit. Among 20 Citrobacter strains isolated from animal samples, resistance was most commonly observed to ampicillin (100%), tetracycline (75%), streptomycin (65%), florfenicol (60%), chloramphenicol (60%), and aztreonam (50%), while all the strains found in environmental samples were resistant to few antibiotics. The florfenicol resistance gene floR was detected in 12 isolates (48%, 12/25) from animal samples, and all of the floR-positive isolates were resistant to florfenicol with minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values ≥256 µg/mL. Sequencing and comparative analysis of the plasmids from a multidrug-resistant C. freundii isolate named R47 showed that the floR-containing region in the plasmid pR47-54 was a truncated transposon-like structure and could be found on both plasmids and chromosomes of bacteria of either animal or human origin. Furthermore, a range of antimicrobial and metal resistance genes associated with mobile genetic elements could be identified in pR47-54 and the other plasmid pR47-309 of C. freundii R47. These results provide in-depth views into the phenotypic and molecular characteristics of Citrobacter isolates recovered from animal and relevant environmental samples, as well as highlight the role horizontal gene transfer plays in the dissemination of plasmid-encoded resistance genes.

8.
Cancer Manag Res ; 11: 9005-9015, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31695492

RESUMO

Background: Berberine (BBR) from the widely used Chinese herbal medicine Huanglian has an array of pharmacological and biochemical properties, including anti-neoplastic activity. However, the specific mechanisms underlying these properties are unknown. The aim of this study was to explore the anti-tumor mechanisms of BBR in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: The effects of BBR on NSCLC tumor development and programmed cell death were investigated both in vivo and in vitro. Luciferase reporter assays were used to determine whether tissue factor (TF) was a target of miR-19a. Results: BBR suppressed NSCLC growth and promoted apoptosis in NSCLC cells by modulating miR-19a and TF expression. Luciferase assays showed that TF was a direct inhibitory target of miR-19a in NSCLC cells. BBR induced apoptosis through the miR-19a/TF/MAPK axis. Conclusion: The results suggest that BBR induces apoptosis of NSCLC cells via the miR-19a/TF/MAPK signaling pathway.

9.
Front Neurol ; 10: 1091, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31695668

RESUMO

Background/Aims: Non-invasive measurement of intracranial pressure (ICP) using ultrasound has garnered increasing attention. This study aimed to compare the reliability of ultrasonographic measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) and transcranial Doppler (TCD) in detecting potential ICP elevations. Methods: Patients who needed lumbar puncture (LP) in the Department of Neurology were recruited from December 2016 to July 2017. The ONSD and TCD measurements were completed before LP. Results: One hundred sixty-five participants (mean age, 41.96 ± 14.64 years; 80 men; 29 patients with elevated ICP) were included in this study. The mean ICP was 170 ± 52 mmH2O (range, 75-400 mmH2O). Univariate analyses revealed that ICP was non-significantly associated with TCD parameters and significantly associated with ONSD (r = 0.60, P < 0.001). The mean ONSD of the elevated ICP group was significantly higher than that of the normal ICP group (4.53 ± 0.40 mm vs. 3.97 ± 0.23 mm; P < 0.001). Multivariate linear regression determined that the difference between ICP and ONSD is significant. Conclusions: In the early stage of intracranial hypertension, ONSD is more reliable for evaluating ICP than TCD.

10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(21)2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31652783

RESUMO

Phosphorus is one of the mineral nutrient elements essential for plant growth and development. Low phosphate (Pi) availability in soils adversely affects crop production. To cope with low P stress, remodeling of root morphology and architecture is generally observed in plants, which must be accompanied by root cell wall modifications. It has been documented that cell wall proteins (CWPs) play critical roles in shaping cell walls, transmitting signals, and protecting cells against environmental stresses. However, understanding of the functions of CWPs involved in plant adaptation to P deficiency remains fragmentary. The aim of this review was to summarize advances in identification and functional characterization of CWPs in responses to P deficiency, and to highlight the critical roles of CWPs in mediating root growth, P reutilization, and mobilization in plants.

11.
Front Mol Neurosci ; 12: 218, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31572126

RESUMO

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease that is generally thought to be caused by multiple factors, including environmental and genetic factors. Emerging evidence suggests that intestinal disturbances, such as constipation, are common non-motor symptoms of PD. Gut inflammation may be closely associated with pathogenesis in PD. This review aims to discuss the cross-talk between gut inflammation and PD pathology initiation and progression. Firstly, we will highlight the studies demonstrating how gut inflammation is related to PD. Secondly, we will analyze how gut inflammation spreads from the gastro-intestine to the brain. Here, we will mainly discuss the neural pathway of pathologic α-syn and the systemic inflammatory routes. Thereafter, we will address how alterations in the brain subsequently lead to dopaminergic neuron degeneration, in which oxidative stress, glutamate excitotoxicity, T cell driven inflammation and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) are involved. We conclude a model of PD triggered by gut inflammation, which provides a new angle to understand the mechanisms of the disease.

12.
Int J Genomics ; 2019: 5459190, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531339

RESUMO

To investigate the mechanisms of multiple resistance and the horizontal transfer of resistance genes in animal pathogens, we characterized the molecular structures of the resistance gene-related sequences in a multidrug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strain R46 isolated from a rabbit. Molecular cloning was performed to clone the resistance genes, and minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were measured to determine the resistance characteristics of the cloned genes and related strains. A conjugation experiment was conducted to assess the transferability of the resistance plasmids. Sequencing and comparative genomic methods were used to analyze the structures of the resistance gene-related sequences. The K. pneumoniae R46 genome consisted of a chromosome and three resistance plasmids named pR46-27, pR46-42, and pR46-270, respectively. The whole genome encoded 34 antibiotic resistance genes including a newly identified chromosome-encoded florfenicol resistance gene named mdfA2. pR46-270, besides encoding 26 antibiotic resistance genes, carried four clusters of heavy metal resistance genes and several virulence-related genes or gene clusters. The plasmid-encoded resistance genes were mostly associated with mobile genetic elements. The plasmid with the most similarity to the floR gene-harboring plasmid pR46-27 was pCTXM-2271, a plasmid from Escherichia coli. The results of this work demonstrated that the plasmids with multidrug resistance genes were present in animal-derived bacteria and more florfenicol resistance genes such as mdfA2 could be present in bacterial populations. The resistance genes encoded on the plasmids may spread between the bacteria of different species or genera and cause the resistance dissemination.

13.
Front Microbiol ; 10: 1847, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474950

RESUMO

Swarming is a surface-associated motile behavior that plays an important role in the rapid spread, colonization, and subsequent establishment of bacterial communities. In Pseudomonas aeruginosa, swarming is dependent upon a functional flagella and aided by the production of biosurfactants. AmrZ, a conserved transcription factor across pseudomonads, has been shown to be a global regulator of multiple genes important for virulence and ecological fitness. In this study, we expand this concept of global control to swarming motility by showing that deletion of amrZ results in a severe defect in swarming, while multicopy expression of this gene stimulates swarming of P. aeruginosa. Mechanistic studies showed that the swarming defect of an amrZ mutant does not involve changes of biosurfactant production but is associated with flagellar malfunction. The ∆amrZ mutant exhibits increased levels of the second messenger cyclic di-GMP (c-di-GMP) compared to the wild-type strain, under swarming conditions. We found that the diguanylate cyclase GcbA was the main contributor to the increased accumulation of c-di-GMP observed in the ∆amrZ mutant and was a strong inhibitor of flagellar-dependent motility. Our results revealed that the GcbA-dependent inhibition of motility required the presence of two c-di-GMP receptors containing a PilZ domain: FlgZ and PA14_56180. Furthermore, the ∆amrZ mutant exhibits enhanced production of Pel polysaccharide. Epistasis analysis revealed that GcbA and the Pel polysaccharide act independently to limit swarming in ΔamrZ. Our results support a role for AmrZ in controlling swarming motility, yet another social behavior besides biofilm formation that is crucial for the ability of P. aeruginosa to colonize a variety of surfaces. The central role of AmrZ in controlling these behaviors makes it a good target for the development of treatments directed to combat P. aeruginosa infections.

14.
Chin J Nat Med ; 17(8): 608-615, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472898

RESUMO

In an effort to understand the molecular events contributing to the cytotoxicity activity of resveratrol (RSV), we investigated its effects on human lung adenocarcinoma epithelial cell line A549 at different concentrations. Cellular nucleoside metabolic profiling was determined by an established liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry method in A549 cells. RSV resulted in significant decreases and imbalances of deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates (dNTPs) pools suppressing subsequent DNA synthesis. Meanwhile, RSV at high concentration caused significant cell cycle arrest at S phase, in which cells required the highest dNTPs supply than other phases for DNA replication. The inhibition of DNA synthesis thus blocked subsequent progression through S phase in A549 cells, which may partly contribute to the cytotoxicity effect of RSV. However, hydroxyurea (HU), an inhibitor of RNR activity, caused similar dNTPs perturbation but no S phase arrest, finally no cytotoxicity effect. Therefore, we believed that the dual effect of high concentration RSV, including S phase arrest and DNA synthesis inhibition, was required for its cytotoxicity effect on A549 cells. In summary, our results provided important clues to the molecular basis for the anticancer effect of RSV on epithelial cells.

15.
Orthop Surg ; 11(4): 679-689, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385411

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety and effectiveness of a cross-linked sodium hyaluronate (CHA) scaffold in cartilage repair. METHODS: Physicochemical properties of the scaffold were determined. The safety and effectiveness of the scaffold for cartilage repair were evaluated in a minipig model of a full-thickness cartilage defect with microfracture surgery. Postoperative observation and hematological examination were used to evaluate the safety of the CHA scaffold implantation. Pathological examination as well as biomechanical testing, including Young's modulus, stress relaxation time, and creep time, were conducted at 6 and 12 months postsurgery to assess the effectiveness of the scaffold for cartilage repair. Furthermore, type II collagen and glycosaminoglycan content were determined to confirm the influence of the scaffold in the damaged cartilage tissue. RESULTS: The results showed that the routine hematological indexes of the experimental animals were within the normal physiological ranges, which confirmed the safety of CHA scaffold implantation. Based on macroscopic observation, it was evident that repair of the defective cartilage in the animal knee joint began during the 6 months postoperation and was gradually enhanced from the central to the surrounding region. The repair smoothness and color of the 12-month cartilage samples from the operation area were better than those of the 6-month samples, and the results for the CHA scaffold implantation group were better than the control group. Greater cell degeneration and degeneration of the adjacent cartilage was found in the implantation group compared with the control group at both 6 and 12 months postoperation, evaluated by O'Driscoll Articular Cartilage Histology Scoring. Implantation with the CHA scaffold matrix promoted cartilage repair and improved its compression capacity. The type II collagen level in the CHA scaffold implantation group tended to be higher than that in the control group at 6 months (2.33 ± 1.50 vs 1.68 ± 0.56) and 12 months postsurgery (3.37 ± 1.70 vs 2.06 ± 0.63). The GAG content in the cartilage of the control group was significantly lower than that of the experimental group (2.17 ± 0.43 vs 3.64 ± 1.17, P = 0.002 at 6 months and 2.27 ± 0.38 vs 4.12 ± 1.02, P = 0.002 at 12 months). Type II collagen and glycosaminoglycan content also demonstrated that CHA was beneficial for the accumulation of both these vital substances in the cartilage tissue. CONCLUSIONS: The CHA scaffold displayed the ability to promote cartilage repair when applied in microfracture surgery, which makes it a promising material for application in the area of cartilage tissue engineering.

16.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(11): 3599-3602, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31436524

RESUMO

The present study was carried out to clarify the taxonomic relationship between two closely related Bacillus species, Bacillus okuhidensis Li et al. 2002 and Bacillus halodurans (ex Boyer 1973) Nielsen et al. 1995. The maximum-likelihood tree based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence and the phylogenomic tree based on concatenation of 16 protein-marker genes showed that these species were similar. Average nucleotide identity (ANIm 99.25 %, ANIb 98.2 %) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values (93.5 %) between B. okuhidensis DSM 13666T and B. halodurans DSM 497T were greater than the threshold values for bacterial species delineation, indicating that they belong to the same species. Therefore, B. okuhidensis Li et al. 2002 should be reclassified as a later heterotypic synonym of B. halodurans (ex Boyer 1973) Nielsen et al. 1995.


Assuntos
Bacillus/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Genoma Bacteriano , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
17.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 112(12): 1725-1730, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31312953

RESUMO

In the present study, phylogenetic and genome-based comparison was carried out to clarify the taxonomic positions of alkaliphilic Bacillus species, Bacillus plakortidis, Bacillus lehensis, Bacillus oshimensis, Bacillus rhizosphaerae and Bacillus clausii. Phylogenetic trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequences and concatenated protein marker genes were constructed. Average nucleotide identity (ANI) values were calculated to compare genetic relatedness. In phylogenetic trees, B. plakortidis DSM 19153T, B. lehensis DSM 19099T, and B. oshimensis DSM 18940T; B. rhizosphaerae DSM 21911T and B. clausii DSM 8716T clade together. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) values between B. oshimensis DSM 18940T, B. plakortidis DSM 19153T and B. lehensis DSM 19099T ranged from 98.7-98.8%, while the ANI values between B. rhizosphaerae DSM 21911T and B. clausii DSM 8716T were 95.2-95.5%. The ANI values were higher than the recognized threshold value for bacterial species delineation. Based on phylogenetic and genome comparison we propose reclassification of B. plakortidis and B. lehensis as a later heterotypic synonym of B. oshimensis; B. rhizosphaerae as a later heterotypic synonym of B. clausii.

18.
Analyst ; 144(16): 4841-4847, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31290489

RESUMO

Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) detection in the environment is significant for both environmental protection and human health. Herein, a highly sensitive aptamer sensor has been established by employing a 2,3',5,5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl (PCB72) targeting aptamer as a highly specific recognition element and a gold/silver (Au@Ag) nanocomposite as the surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) substrate for detecting environmental PCB72. The Au@Ag nanoparticles (NPs) exhibit a strong SERS enhancement and provide an efficient substrate for immobilizing the PCB72 aptamer and Raman signal labelled molecule, 4-mercaptobenzoic acid (4-MBA). The targeted PCB72 could competitively bind with the PCB72 aptamer, resulting in a few aptamers sticking to the Au@Ag NPs and the "hot spot" strengthening effect of the substrate. Under optimal conditions, this aptamer sensor exhibits great performance with high sensitivity, excellent selectivity and stability for the monitoring of PCB72, which shows an excellent linear correlation ranging from 1 to 1000 pg mL-1 with a limit of detection of 0.3 pg mL-1. Furthermore, this aptamer assay exhibits high specificity and selectivity for PCB72 with the detection error of less than 0.27 for other PCBs and 0.21 for other interfering species, even if the coexisting interferents are 100-fold concentration in the system. Additionally, the recognition mechanism of the binding of aptamers to PCB72 is analyzed via UV-vis spectroscopy and molecular docking simulations, which suggest that PCB72 could insert into the aptamers. Furthermore, this method is successfully utilized for PCB72 detection in real water samples with a simple pre-treatment. In general, this work provides a new and effective method using an environmental aptamer sensor for rapid and sensitive PCB72 detection.

19.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 4457-4468, 2019 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31201771

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is still not satisfactory and novel technologies are clinically needed. This study aimed to examine the effect of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) coated with the anti-vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM 1) antibody on experimental colitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS The antibody was coated onto the MSCs isolated from male BALB/C mice to generate anti-VCAM 1 antibody-coated MSC (V-MSC). The Transwell assay was used to detect migration rate. 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid (TNBS) was used to generate experimental colitis. MSCs were injected intravenously into experimental models. Weight changes, disease activity index, and histological changes were evaluated. The SRY gene were used for cell tracking. Expression of Ki67 and claudin 1 was used to measure local repair using immunohistochemistry. T helper (Th)1, Th2, Th17, and T regulatory cells were counted. RESULTS V-MSCs were successfully generated through coating MSCs with VCAM1 antibody. Analysis showed that the V-MSCs had similar surface types and differentiation as uncoated MSCs. Transwell assays showed that V-MSCs had higher migration rate than MSCs. After injection of V-MSCs, the expression of the SRY gene was enhanced in diseased colon and all indices (including weight changes, DAI score, histological changes, and the expressions of Ki67 and claudin 1) recovered rapidly. The ratio of proinflammatory Th1 and Th17 cells decreased, but the ratio of anti-inflammatory Th2 and Treg cells increased after the treatment. CONCLUSIONS V-MSCs enhance homing and modulating immune balance in the experimental colitis, suggesting that they are potentially useful for treating inflammatory bowel disease or other immune diseases.


Assuntos
Colite/patologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/imunologia , Molécula 1 de Adesão de Célula Vascular/imunologia , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Colite/imunologia , Colo/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Imunomodulação/imunologia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/patologia , Masculino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/métodos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Células Th1/imunologia , Células Th17/imunologia
20.
Cancer Med ; 8(6): 3004-3011, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31066207

RESUMO

The overall incidence of cancer is increasing in recent years. Despite advances in various comprehensive treatments, the mortality of advanced malignant tumors remains at a high level. Numerous pharmacological studies have confirmed that many Chinese herbal medicines possess remarkable antitumor activities. Amygdalin, mainly existing in bitter almond, is reported to have antitumor properties in addition to the antioxidative, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and immunoregulatory activities. This article summarizes the structural characteristics of amygdalin, its antitumor mechanisms, and recent progress and achievement in the research of amygdalin, hoping that it could provide theoretical clues for exploring the clinical value of amygdalin against tumors. Amygdalin is known to have an antitumor effect in solid tumors such as lung cancer, bladder cancer and renal cell carcinoma by affecting cell cycle, inducing apoptosis and cytotoxicity, and regulating immune function. Further research is needed to elucidate the pharmacological mechanisms of amygdalin in terms of the optimal dosage, the feasibility of combined use of amygdalin with other antitumor drugs, and even artificial synthesis of the active components in amygdalin, for the sake of enhancing its antitumor activities and reducing its adverse effects for clinical use.

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