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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e18451, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31861019

RESUMO

To clarify the priority of lymph node dissection (LND) in advanced Siewert type II and III AEG, in which the center of the tumor is located below the esophagogastric junction (EGJ).Data in 395 patients with advanced Siewert type II or III AEG was analyzed retrospectively. The index of estimated benefit from LND (IEBLD) was used to evaluate the efficacy of LND for each nodal station.The mean number of dissected LNs did not differ significantly between patients with type II and III AEG, nor did the mean number of retrieved LNs at each station significantly differ between the 2 groups. According to the IEBLD, the dissection of parahiatal LNs (No.19 and 20) and LNs along the distal portion of the stomach (No.5, 6, and 12a) seemed unlikely to be beneficial, whereas the dissection of Nos.1-3, 7, 9 and 11p yielded high therapeutic benefit (IEBLD>3.0) in both groups. The IEBLDs of No.4d, 8a, and 10 were much higher in type III than in type II AEG cases. No.10 LND may improve survival for type III AEG cases (IEBLD = 2.9), especially for subgroups with primary tumors invading the serosa layer, undifferentiated cancers, macroscopic type 3-4 tumors and tumors ≥50 mm in size (all IEBLDs > 4.0).For advanced AEG located below the EGJ, the dissection of paracardial LNs, lesser curvature LNs, and LNs around the celiac axis would promote higher survival benefits regardless of the Siewert subtype. Patients with type III AEG, especially those with serosa-invasive tumors, undifferentiated tumors, macroscopic type 3-4 tumors and tumors ≥50 mm in size may obtain relatively higher survival benefits from No. 10 lymphadenectomy.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Junção Esofagogástrica , Excisão de Linfonodo , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Melhoria de Qualidade , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
Cancer Sci ; 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31710406

RESUMO

The present study was designed to evaluate the dynamic survival and recurrence of remnant gastric cancer (RGC) after radical resection and to provide a reference for the development of personalized follow-up strategies. A total of 298 patients were analyzed for their 3-year conditional overall survival (COS3), 3-year conditional disease-specific survival (CDSS3), corresponding recurrence and pattern changes, and associated risk factors. The 5-year overall survival (OS) and the 5-year disease-specific survival (DSS) of the entire cohort were 41.2% and 45.8%, respectively. The COS3 and CDDS3 of RGC patients who survived for 5 years were 84.0% and 89.8%, respectively. The conditional survival in patients with unfavorable prognostic characteristics showed greater growth over time than in those with favorable prognostic characteristics (eg, COS3, ≥T3: 46.4%-83.0%, Δ36.6% vs ≤T2: 82.4%-85.7%, Δ3.3%; P < 0.001). Most recurrences (93.5%) occurred in the first 3 years after surgery. The American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) stage was the only factor that affected recurrence. Time-dependent Cox regression showed that for both OS and DSS, after 4 years of survival, the common prognostic factors that were initially judged lost their ability to predict survival (P > 0.05). Time-dependent logistic regression analysis showed that the AJCC stage independently affected recurrence within 2 years after surgery (P < 0.05). A postoperative follow-up model was developed for RGC patients. In conclusion, patients with RGC usually have a high likelihood of death or recurrence within 3 years after radical surgery. We developed a postoperative follow-up model for RGC patients of different stages, which may affect the design of future clinical trials.

3.
J Oncol ; 2019: 6012826, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31093283

RESUMO

Background: Remnant gastric cancer (RGC) is a rare malignant tumor with poor prognosis. There is no universally accepted prognostic model for RGC. Methods: We analyzed data for 253 RGC patients who underwent radical gastrectomy from 6 centers. The prognosis prediction performances of the AJCC7th and AJCC8th TNM staging systems and the TRM staging system for RGC patients were evaluated. Web-based prediction models based on independent prognostic factors were developed to predict the survival of the RGC patients. External validation was performed using a cohort of 49 Chinese patients. Results: The predictive abilities of the AJCC8th and TRM staging systems were no better than those of the AJCC7th staging system (c-index: AJCC7th vs. AJCC8th vs. TRM, 0.743 vs. 0.732 vs. 0.744; P>0.05). Within each staging system, the survival of the two adjacent stages was not well discriminated (P>0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that age, tumor size, T stage, and N stage were independent prognostic factors. Based on the above variables, we developed 3 web-based prediction models, which were superior to the AJCC7th staging system in their discriminatory ability (c-index), predictive homogeneity (likelihood ratio chi-square), predictive accuracy (AIC, BIC), and model stability (time-dependent ROC curves). External validation showed predictable accuracies of 0.780, 0.822, and 0.700, respectively, in predicting overall survival, disease-specific survival, and disease-free survival. Conclusions: The AJCC TNM staging system and the TRM staging system did not enable good distinction among the RGC patients. We have developed and validated visual web-based prediction models that are superior to these staging systems.

4.
BMJ Open ; 8(5): e019719, 2018 05 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29858408

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: High blood pressure (BP) affects over 40% of adults over the age of 25 worldwide and is the leading global risk factor for death or disability. Hypertension is also the most important risk factor for endovascular atherosclerosis, which, when combined with other cardiovascular risk factors, leads to atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). Statins are one of the most widely used drugs for the prevention of ASCVD. The recently announced study of Heart Outcomes Prevention Evaluation-3 suggests that cholesterol-lowering agents combined with antihypertensive therapy can prevent cardiovascular events and reduce the combined endpoint. We plan to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate whether combined antihypertensive and statin therapy is more beneficial than antihypertensive therapy alone in patients with hypertension without complications. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will perform a comprehensive search for randomised controlled trials evaluating combined antihypertensive and statin therapy for the treatment of patients with hypertension. The following English electronic databases will be searched: The Cochrane Library, EMBASE and PubMed. Outcomes will be categorised as short-term (≤6 months) or long-term (>6 months). When evaluating the effects of combined antihypertensive and statin therapy, a short-term outcome is usually defined as a change in BP or lipid levels, while a long-term outcome is usually defined as cardiovascular benefits or risks. The data screening and extraction will be conducted by two different reviewers. The quality of the RCTs will be assessed according to the Cochrane handbook risk of bias tool. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This review does not require ethics approval and the results of the meta-analysis will be submitted to a peer-review journal. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42017071935.


Assuntos
Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Pressão Sanguínea , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Lipídeos , Masculino , Projetos de Pesquisa
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