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1.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(4): 380-386, 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505445

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To construct a cDNA library of Sparganum mansoni and immunoscreen antigen candidates for immunodiagnosis of sparganosis mansoni. METHODS: Total RNA was extracted from S. mansoni, and reversely transcribed into cDNA, which was ligated into the phage vector. These recombinant vectors were packaged in vitro to construct the SMART cDNA library of S. mansoni. Then, the cDNA library was immunoscreened with sera from patients with sparganosis mansoni to yield positive clones. The inserted fragments of positive clones were sequenced and subjected to homology analyses, and the structure and functions of the coding proteins were predicted. RESULTS: The SMATR cDNA library of S. mansoni was successfully constructed. The titer of the cDNA library was 6.25 × 106 pfu/mL, with a recombinant efficiency of 100%, and the mean length of the inserted fragments in the library was larger than 1 100 bp. A total of 12 positive clones were obtained by immunoscreening, and were categorized into Sm-I (Sm60-1), Sm-II (Sm58-1), Sm-III (Sm20-1) and Sm-IV (Sm22-3), with 1 134, 1 063, 883 bp and 969 bp long inserted fragments. Their coding proteins were highly homologous with the Spirometra erinaceieuropaei antigenic polypeptide, cytoplasmic antigen, ribosomal protein S4-like protein and unnamed protein product, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: A SMART cDNA library of S. mansoni has been successfully constructed and 4 categories of positive clones have been identified, which provides a basis for further studies on diagnostic antigens for sparganosis mansoni.


Assuntos
Esparganose , Plerocercoide , Animais , Sequência de Bases , DNA Complementar/genética , Biblioteca Gênica , Humanos
2.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521171

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the influencing factors for serum potassium >4.4 mmol/L in the morning of parathyroidectomy in hemodialysis patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT). Methods: The clinical data of 72 patients with SHPT who received regular hemodialysis and underwent parathyroidectomy in Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital from January 2012 to December 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 37 males and 35 females, aged from 25 to 69 years, and the dialysis timespan was from 0.5 to 11 years. The levels of parathyroid hormone, serum potassium and serum calcium before hemodialysis were examined one day before operation, and hemodialysis time and dewatering volume after hemodialysis without heparin were recorded, and also the level of serum potassium in the morning of parathyroidectomy was detected. The occurrences of hyperkalemia during and after operation were studied. The factors related to hyperkalemia in the morning of parathyroidectomy were evaluated by Pearson or Spearman correlation analysis, and the cut-off values of risk factors were calculated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results: Serum potassium >4.4 mmol/L in the morning of parathyroidectomy existed in 23 of 72 patients. Correlation analysis showed that serum potassium one day before operation ((4.93±0.56)mmol/L, r=0.656, P<0.001) and dehydration volume ((2.37±0.75)L, r=0.261, P=0.027) were positively correlated with serum potassium in the morning of parathyroidectomy((4.16±0.54)mmol/L). Serum potassium before hemodialysis one day before operation was a main predictor for serum potassium in the morning of parathyroidectomy (AUC=0.791, P<0.001). The cut-off value of serum potassium before hemodialysis one day before operation was 5.0 mmol/L. Conclusion: Serum potassium before hemodialysis one day before operation in patients with SHPT can predict serum potassium in the morning of parathyroidectomy, offering imformation for the safety of operation.


Assuntos
Hiperpotassemia , Hiperparatireoidismo Secundário , Cálcio , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperpotassemia/etiologia , Hiperparatireoidismo Secundário/complicações , Hiperparatireoidismo Secundário/cirurgia , Masculino , Hormônio Paratireóideo , Paratireoidectomia , Diálise Renal , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Phys Rev Lett ; 126(24): 241103, 2021 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34213924

RESUMO

We report the discovery of an extended very-high-energy (VHE) gamma-ray source around the location of the middle-aged (207.8 kyr) pulsar PSR J0622+3749 with the Large High-Altitude Air Shower Observatory (LHAASO). The source is detected with a significance of 8.2σ for E>25 TeV assuming a Gaussian template. The best-fit location is (right ascension, declination) =(95.47°±0.11°,37.92°±0.09°), and the extension is 0.40°±0.07°. The energy spectrum can be described by a power-law spectrum with an index of -2.92±0.17_{stat}±0.02_{sys}. No clear extended multiwavelength counterpart of the LHAASO source has been found from the radio to sub-TeV bands. The LHAASO observations are consistent with the scenario that VHE electrons escaped from the pulsar, diffused in the interstellar medium, and scattered the interstellar radiation field. If interpreted as the pulsar halo scenario, the diffusion coefficient, inferred for electrons with median energies of ∼160 TeV, is consistent with those obtained from the extended halos around Geminga and Monogem and much smaller than that derived from cosmic ray secondaries. The LHAASO discovery of this source thus likely enriches the class of so-called pulsar halos and confirms that high-energy particles generally diffuse very slowly in the disturbed medium around pulsars.

4.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2021: 9828995, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34220336

RESUMO

Prenatal opioid exposure might disturb epigenetic programming in the brain of neonatal offspring with various consequences for gene expressions and behaviors. This study determined whether altered trimethylation of histone 3 at lysine 4 (H3K4me3) in the promoter of the tumor necrosis factor-α (tnf-α) gene with neural cell apoptosis was involved in the ventral-medial striatum, an important brain region for withdrawal symptoms, of neonatal rat offspring from morphine-addicted mothers. Female adult rats were injected with morphine before gestation and until 14 days after giving birth. On postnatal day 14 (P14), rat offspring from morphine-addicted mothers were subjected to an opioid-withdrawal protocol and were analyzed 2 or 8 h after administration of that protocol. Expressions of the TNF-α protein, H3K4me3 in the tnf-α promoter gene, and neural cell apoptosis within the ventral-medial striatum of neonatal rat offspring were evaluated. In the absence of significant opioid withdrawal (2 h after initiation of the opioid-withdrawal protocol on P14), prenatal morphine exposure led to increased levels of H3K4me3 in the tnf-α promoter gene, of the TNF-α protein, and of neural cell apoptosis within the ventral-medial striatum of neonatal rat offspring. Following opioid withdrawal (8 h after initiation of the opioid-withdrawal protocol on P14), differential expression of H3K4me3 in the tnf-α promoter gene locus and upregulation of the level of TNF-α protein expression were further enhanced in these offspring. In addition, increased levels of caspase-3 and neural cell apoptosis were also observed. Taken together, this study revealed that prenatal opioid exposure can activate an epigenetic histone mechanism which regulates proinflammatory factor generation, which hence, led to cell apoptotic damage within the ventral-medial striatum of neonatal rat offspring from morphine-addicted mothers. More importantly, the opioid-withdrawal episode may provide augmented effects for the abovementioned alterations and could lead to deleterious effects in the neonatal brain of such offspring.

5.
Science ; 373(6553): 425-430, 2021 07 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34261813

RESUMO

The Crab Nebula is a bright source of gamma rays powered by the Crab Pulsar's rotational energy through the formation and termination of a relativistic electron-positron wind. We report the detection of gamma rays from this source with energies from 5 × 10-4 to 1.1 peta-electron volts with a spectrum showing gradual steepening over three energy decades. The ultrahigh-energy photons imply the presence of a peta-electron volt electron accelerator (a pevatron) in the nebula, with an acceleration rate exceeding 15% of the theoretical limit. We constrain the pevatron's size between 0.025 and 0.1 parsecs and the magnetic field to ≈110 microgauss. The production rate of peta-electron volt electrons, 2.5 × 1036 ergs per second, constitutes 0.5% of the pulsar spin-down luminosity, although we cannot exclude a contribution of peta-electron volt protons to the production of the highest-energy gamma rays.

6.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(12)2021 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34207927

RESUMO

The use of heart rate variability (HRV) in research has been greatly popularized over the past decades due to the ease and affordability of HRV collection, coupled with its clinical relevance and significant relationships with psychophysiological constructs and psychopathological disorders. Despite the wide use of electrocardiograms (ECG) in research and advancements in sensor technology, the analytical approach and steps applied to obtain HRV measures can be seen as complex. Thus, this poses a challenge to users who may not have the adequate background knowledge to obtain the HRV indices reliably. To maximize the impact of HRV-related research and its reproducibility, parallel advances in users' understanding of the indices and the standardization of analysis pipelines in its utility will be crucial. This paper addresses this gap and aims to provide an overview of the most up-to-date and commonly used HRV indices, as well as common research areas in which these indices have proven to be very useful, particularly in psychology. In addition, we also provide a step-by-step guide on how to perform HRV analysis using an integrative neurophysiological toolkit, NeuroKit2.


Assuntos
Eletrocardiografia , Psicofisiologia , Frequência Cardíaca , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
7.
Nutrients ; 13(5)2021 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34063157

RESUMO

Maternal nutrition intake during pregnancy may affect the mother-to-child transmission of bacteria, resulting in gut microflora changes in the offspring, with long-term health consequences in later life. Longitudinal human studies are lacking, as only a small amount of studies showing the effect of nutrition intake during pregnancy on the gut microbiome of infants have been performed, and these studies have been mainly conducted on animals. This pilot study explores the effects of high or low fruit and vegetable gestational intake on the infant microbiome. We enrolled pregnant women with a complete 3-day dietary record and received postpartum follow-up. The 16S rRNA gene sequence was used to characterize the infant gut microbiome at 2 months (n = 39). Principal coordinate analysis ordination revealed that the infant gut microbiome clustered differently for high and low maternal fruit and vegetable consumption (p < 0.001). The linear discriminant analysis effect size and feature selection identified 6 and 17 taxa from both the high and low fruit and vegetable consumption groups. Among the 23 abundant taxa, we observed that six maternal intake nutrients were associated with nine taxa (e.g., Erysipelatoclostridium, Isobaculum, Lachnospiraceae, Betaproteobacteria, Burkholderiaceae, Sutterella, Clostridia, Clostridiales, and Lachnoclostridium). The amount of gestational fruit and vegetable consumption is associated with distinct changes in the infant gut microbiome at 2 months of age. Therefore, strategies involving increased fruit and vegetable consumption during pregnancy should be employed for modifying the gut microbiome early in life.


Assuntos
Dieta/estatística & dados numéricos , Frutas , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/genética , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Materna/fisiologia , Verduras , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Inquéritos sobre Dietas , Fezes/microbiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Gravidez , RNA Ribossômico 16S/análise
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34073581

RESUMO

Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), a common plasticizer, has been detected in breast milk in many countries; however, whether phthalate metabolite concentration and the detection rate in breast milk change postpartum is still unknown. We measured phthalate metabolite concentrations in breast milk in the first 6 months postpartum in women enrolled in the E-Da hospital from January to July 2017. A total of 56 breastfeeding mothers and 66 samples were included in this study. We analyzed the samples' concentration of eight phthalate metabolites using liquid chromatography mass spectrometry. The concentration of mono-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (MEHP) was significantly higher in the first month, and then decreased over time. The detection rate of ono-isobutyl phthalate (MiBP) and mono-n-butyl phthalate (MBP) was low in the first month and then increased over time. Compared with a previous study published in 2011, the levels of MEHP and MiBP in breast milk were much lower in the present study, suggesting an increased awareness of the health risks of phthalate exposure after a food scandal occurred in Taiwan. This study provides information for evaluating newborns' exposure to different kinds of phthalate through human milk in the postpartum period.


Assuntos
Dietilexilftalato , Poluentes Ambientais , Ácidos Ftálicos , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Poluentes Ambientais/análise , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Leite Humano/química , Ácidos Ftálicos/análise , Período Pós-Parto , Taiwan
9.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(5): 581-586, 2021 May 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34034479

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effect of systolic blood pressure (SBP) trajectories on cancers. Methods: The relevant data of 54, 888 employees of Kailuan (Group) Limited Liability Company who participated in the 3 health examinations from 2006-2007, 2008-2009, 2010-2011 were collected and the new onset cancer cases were recorded. The systolic blood pressure trajectory grouping was carried out using the blood pressure measurement values of the 3 physical examinations. The life table method was used to calculate the incidence of cancer, and the multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression model was used to analyze the influence factors of cancer. Results: According to the systolic blood pressure trajectory, 54, 888 subjects were divided into 5 groups, including 14, 326 in the low-stable group, 25, 630 in the moderate-stable group, 5, 390 in the moderate-increasing group, 6, 438 in the elevated-lowering group, and 3, 104 in the elevated-stable group. A total of 1, 070 new onset cancer occurred during the follow-up period of (4.95±0.53) years. The incidence of cancer in the low-stable group, moderate-stable group, moderate-increasing group, elevated-lowering group and elevated-stable group were 1.3% (177/14, 326), 2.2% (491/25, 360), 3.1% (147/5, 390), 2.7% (156/6, 438) and 3.8% (99/3, 104), respectively, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.001). After adjusting for gender, age, smoking, drinking, physical exercise, body mass index (BMI), fasting blood glucose, total cholesterol, antihypertensive drugs, hypoglycemic drugs, and lipid-lowering drugs, multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that the systolic blood pressure trajectory was related to the incidence of cancer. Compared with the low-stable group, the Hazard ratio (HR) in the moderate-stable group, moderate-increasing group, elevated-lowering group and elevated-stable group were 1.413, 1.731, 1.557 and 1.907, respectively (all P<0.001). Conclusion: High systolic blood pressure trajectories is the risk factor for cancer.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Neoplasias , Pressão Sanguínea , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
10.
Nature ; 594(7861): 33-36, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34002091

RESUMO

The extension of the cosmic-ray spectrum beyond 1 petaelectronvolt (PeV; 1015 electronvolts) indicates the existence of the so-called PeVatrons-cosmic-ray factories that accelerate particles to PeV energies. We need to locate and identify such objects to find the origin of Galactic cosmic rays1. The principal signature of both electron and proton PeVatrons is ultrahigh-energy (exceeding 100 TeV) γ radiation. Evidence of the presence of a proton PeVatron has been found in the Galactic Centre, according to the detection of a hard-spectrum radiation extending to 0.04 PeV (ref. 2). Although γ-rays with energies slightly higher than 0.1 PeV have been reported from a few objects in the Galactic plane3-6, unbiased identification and in-depth exploration of PeVatrons requires detection of γ-rays with energies well above 0.1 PeV. Here we report the detection of more than 530 photons at energies above 100 teraelectronvolts and up to 1.4 PeV from 12 ultrahigh-energy γ-ray sources with a statistical significance greater than seven standard deviations. Despite having several potential counterparts in their proximity, including pulsar wind nebulae, supernova remnants and star-forming regions, the PeVatrons responsible for the ultrahigh-energy γ-rays have not yet been firmly localized and identified (except for the Crab Nebula), leaving open the origin of these extreme accelerators.

11.
J Biomed Sci ; 28(1): 24, 2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33827580

RESUMO

Thyroid hormone analogues-particularly, L-thyroxine (T4) has been shown to be relevant to the functions of a variety of cancers. Integrin αvß3 is a plasma membrane structural protein linked to signal transduction pathways that are critical to cancer cell proliferation and metastasis. Thyroid hormones, T4 and to a less extend T3 bind cell surface integrin αvß3, to stimulate the extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) pathway to stimulate cancer cell growth. Thyroid hormone analogues also engage in crosstalk with the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-Ras pathway. EGFR signal generation and, downstream, transduction of Ras/Raf pathway signals contribute importantly to tumor cell progression. Mutated Ras oncogenes contribute to chemoresistance in colorectal carcinoma (CRC); chemoresistance may depend in part on the activity of ERK1/2 pathway. In this review, we evaluate the contribution of thyroxine interacting with integrin αvß3 and crosstalking with EGFR/Ras signaling pathway non-genomically in CRC proliferation. Tetraiodothyroacetic acid (tetrac), the deaminated analogue of T4, and its nano-derivative, NDAT, have anticancer functions, with effectiveness against CRC and other tumors. In Ras-mutant CRC cells, tetrac derivatives may overcome chemoresistance to other drugs via actions initiated at integrin αvß3 and involving, downstream, the EGFR-Ras signaling pathways.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/prevenção & controle , Integrina alfaVbeta3/uso terapêutico , Transdução de Sinais , Tiroxina/uso terapêutico , Genes erbB-1 , Genes ras , Humanos
12.
Phys Rev Lett ; 126(12): 121801, 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33834796

RESUMO

The rare decay K_{L}→π^{0}νν[over ¯] was studied with the dataset taken at the J-PARC KOTO experiment in 2016, 2017, and 2018. With a single event sensitivity of (7.20±0.05_{stat}±0.66_{syst})×10^{-10}, three candidate events were observed in the signal region. After unveiling them, contaminations from K^{±} and scattered K_{L} decays were studied, and the total number of background events was estimated to be 1.22±0.26. We conclude that the number of observed events is statistically consistent with the background expectation. For this dataset, we set an upper limit of 4.9×10^{-9} on the branching fraction of K_{L}→π^{0}νν[over ¯] at the 90% confidence level.

13.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(4): 535-538, 2021 Apr 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33858068

RESUMO

From 2018 to 2019, 3 453 cases of high-risk population were screened by the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China (CanSPUC) in Hebei Province, with the age of (53.94±8.00). 147 and 686 cases of breast cancer positive and suspicious positive patients were found, with the positive rate and suspicious positive rate of 4.26% and 19.87% respectively. The suspicious positive rate of 45-49 years old age group was the highest (28.32%), and the positive rate of over 70 years old age group was the highest (7.32%). The positive detection rate of mammography combined with ultrasound was 5.16%, which was higher than that of ultrasound alone (2.46%) (χ²=30.28,P<0.001) or mammography alone (3.06%) (χ²=14.56,P<0.001).


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Mamografia , Programas de Rastreamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , População Urbana
14.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 138: 111485, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33740521

RESUMO

Aberrant alteration of epigenetic information disturbs chromatin structure and gene function, thereby facilitating cancer development. Several drugs targeting histone deacetylases (HDACs), a group of epigenetic enzymes, have been approved for treating hematologic malignancies in the clinic. However, patients who suffer from solid tumors often respond poorly to these drugs. In this study, we report a selective entinostat derivative, MPT0L184, with potent cancer-killing activity in both cell-based and mouse xenograft models. A time-course analysis of cell-cycle progression revealed that MPT0L184 treatment elicited an early onset of mitosis but prevented the division of cells with duplicated chromosomes. We show that MPT0L184 possessed potent inhibitory activity toward HDAC1 and 2, and its HDAC-inhibitory activity was required for initiating premature mitotic signaling. HDAC inhibition by MPT0L184 reduced WEE1 expression at the transcription level. In addition, MPT0L184 treatment also downregulated ATR-mediated CHK1 phosphorylation independent of HDAC inhibition. Furthermore, gastric cancer cells resistant to HDAC inhibitors were vulnerable to MPT0L184. Taken together, our study discovers MPT0L184 as a novel HDAC inhibitor that can trigger premature mitosis and potentially counteract drug resistance of cancers.


Assuntos
Benzamidas/farmacologia , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/farmacologia , Piridinas/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Benzamidas/química , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/fisiologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/química , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Mitose/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitose/fisiologia , Piridinas/química , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Carga Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Carga Tumoral/fisiologia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto/métodos
15.
Neonatology ; 118(2): 163-173, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33677454

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Preclinical studies have demonstrated that hyperoxia disrupts the intestinal barrier, changes the intestinal bacterial composition, and injures the lungs of newborn animals. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of hyperoxia on the lung and intestinal microbiota and the communication between intestinal and lung microbiota and to develop a predictive model for the identification of hyperoxia-induced lung injury from intestinal and lung microbiota based on machine learning algorithms in neonatal mice. METHODS: Neonatal C57BL/6N mice were reared in either room air or hyperoxia (85% O2) from postnatal days 1-7. On postnatal day 7, lung and intestinal microbiota were sampled from the left lung and lower gastrointestinal tract for 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing. Tissue from the right lung and terminal ileum were harvested for Western blot and histology analysis. RESULTS: Hyperoxia induced intestinal injury, decreased intestinal tight junction expression, and impaired lung alveolarization and angiogenesis in neonatal mice. Hyperoxia also altered intestinal and lung microbiota and promoted bacterial translocation from the intestine to the lung as evidenced by the presence of intestinal bacteria in the lungs of hyperoxia-exposed neonatal mice. The relative abundance of these bacterial taxa was significantly positively correlated with the increased lung cytokines. CONCLUSIONS: Neonatal hyperoxia induced intestinal and lung dysbiosis and promoted bacterial translocation from the intestine to the lung. Further studies are needed to clarify the pathophysiology of bacterial translocation to the lung.


Assuntos
Hiperóxia , Lesão Pulmonar , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Disbiose , Hiperóxia/complicações , Intestinos , Pulmão , Lesão Pulmonar/etiologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
16.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(3): 236-241, 2021 Mar 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33706457

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the impact of different levels of systolic blood pressure on all-cause, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular mortality in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods: This is a prospective cohort study. Patients with AF or atrial flutter diagnosed by 12 lead electrocardiogram during physical examination of Kailuan Group employees from July 2006 to December 2017 or previously diagnosed with AF in an inpatient setting at a level 2A hospital or above were eligible for the study. Baseline clinical characteristics including age, gender, systolic blood pressure were collected. According to the level of systolic blood pressure, patients were divided into systolic blood pressure<120 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa)group, 120 mmHg ≤ systolic blood pressure<140 mmHg group, and systolic blood pressure ≥140 mmHg group. The time of first diagnosis with AF was defined as the start of follow-up and the final follow-up ended at December 2018. Primary endpoint was all-cause death. Related information was obtained through the social security system or inpatient medical records. The cause of death was defined according to the International Classification of Diseases disease (ICD-10) codes by professional medical stuffs. Multifactorial Cox proportional risk model was used to analyze the relative risk ratios for the occurrence of death in different systolic blood pressure level groups. The relationship between systolic blood pressure levels and mortality in the patients with AF was analyzed by using natural spline function curves. Results: A total of 1 721 patients with AF were enrolled (average age=(67.0±9.0) years), patients were followed up for (6.3±3.8) years. 544 out of 1 721 patients with AF died during the follow-up period (31.61%). The cumulative incidence rate of all-cause mortality, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular death was 26.13%, 25.59%, 36.96% and 14.86%, 11.87%, 19.76% respectively in the systolic blood pressure<120 mmHg, 120 mmHg ≤ systolic blood pressure<140 mmHg and systolic blood pressure ≥140 mmHg groups. The cumulative incidence rate of all-cause, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular death was significantly higher in the group with systolic blood pressure ≥140 mmHg than in 120 mmHg ≤ systolic blood pressure<140 mmHg group (P<0.05). Compared with 120 mmHg ≤ systolic blood pressure<140 mmHg group, multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression models showed that the HRs (95%CI) for all-cause, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular death were 1.47 (1.20 to 1.79) and 1.69 (1.27 to 2.26) for the group with systolic blood pressure ≥ 140 mmHg (P<0.05). In contrast, the HRs (95%CI) for all-cause, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular death in the systolic blood pressure<120 mmHg group were 0.99 (0.73-1.35) and 1.24 (0.82-1.89), respectively, with no statistically significant differences between the two groups (P>0.05). The natural spline curve showed that there was a "U" relationship between systolic blood pressure levels and all cause death and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular death in this patient cohort. Systolic blood pressure greater than or less than 123 mmHg was associated with increased risk of death of AF patients in this cohort. Conclusion: Compared with systolic blood pressure<120 mmHg and systolic blood pressure≥140 mmHg group, the risk of all-cause and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular death is the lowest in AF patients with 120 mmHg ≤ systolic blood pressure<140 mmHg in this cohort.

17.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(3): 263-268, 2021 Mar 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33706461

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate whether the co-presence of carotid plaques and low ankle-brachial index (ABI) might increase the risks of ischemic cardiovascular and cerebrovascular event in elderly population. Methods: It was a prospective study. Participants from the elderly cohort of the Kailuan Study, who completed a carotid sonography and ABI examination, were included in this study. Participants underwent physical examinations between 2010 and 2011 and were divided into 3 groups: no carotid plaque and ABI>0.9 group (n=526), carotid plaque and ABI>0.9 group (n=1 067), and carotid plaques and ABI≤0.9 group (n=49). Follow up ended on the 31 December 2016. The incidence of ischemic cardiovascular and cerebrovascular event was compared between the 3 groups, the relationship between carotid plaque and low ABI with ischemic cardiovascular and cerebrovascular event was analyzed. Results: A total of 1 642 participants were included (age, (67.1±6.4) years). There were 1 028 males (62.6%) and 1 028 females(37.4%). The average follow-up time was 5.41 years, the incidence of ischemic cardiovascular and cerebrovascular event in the 3 group was 2.1%(11/526), 5.5%(59/1 067), and 12.2%(6/49),respectively; the incidence of myocardial infarction in the 3 group was 0.2%(1/526), 1.6%(17/1 067), 10.2%(5/49), respectively; the incidence of cerebral infarction in the 3 group was 1.9%(10/526), 3.9%(42/1 067) and 2.0%(1/49), respectively. Multivariate Cox risk proportional regression analysis showed that compared with the group without carotid plaque and ABI>0.9, the HR values (95%CI) of ischemic cardiovascular and cerebrovascular event in the group with carotid plaque and ABI>0.9, carotid plaques and ABI≤0.9 group were 3.52 (1.49-8.35), 7.16(2.11-24.26) respectively, after adjusting for sex,age,systolic blood pressure,fast blood glucose,body mass index,total cholesterol,smoke,alcohol consumption and lipid-lowering medication and antihypertensive medication. Conclusions: Co-presence of carotid plaques and low ankle-brachial index may further increase the risk of ischemic cardiovascular and cerebrovascular event among elderly population in this cohort.

18.
Behav Res Methods ; 53(4): 1689-1696, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33528817

RESUMO

NeuroKit2 is an open-source, community-driven, and user-centered Python package for neurophysiological signal processing. It provides a comprehensive suite of processing routines for a variety of bodily signals (e.g., ECG, PPG, EDA, EMG, RSP). These processing routines include high-level functions that enable data processing in a few lines of code using validated pipelines, which we illustrate in two examples covering the most typical scenarios, such as an event-related paradigm and an interval-related analysis. The package also includes tools for specific processing steps such as rate extraction and filtering methods, offering a trade-off between high-level convenience and fine-tuned control. Its goal is to improve transparency and reproducibility in neurophysiological research, as well as foster exploration and innovation. Its design philosophy is centred on user-experience and accessibility to both novice and advanced users.


Assuntos
Processamento de Sinais Assistido por Computador , Software , Humanos , Neurofisiologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
19.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 1354, 2021 01 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33446780

RESUMO

There is significant interest in understanding the pathophysiology of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) using resting-state fMRI (rsfMRI). Previous studies acknowledge abnormalities within and beyond the fronto-striato-limbic circuit in OCD that require further clarifications. However, limited information could be inferred from the conventional way of investigating the functional connectivity differences between OCD and healthy controls. Here, we identified altered brain organization in patients with OCD by applying individual-based approaches to maximize the identification of underlying network-based features specific to the OCD group. rsfMRI of 20 patients with OCD and 22 controls were preprocessed, and individual-fMRI-subspace was derived for each subject within each group. We evaluated group differences in functional connectivity using individual-fMRI-subspace and established its advantage over conventional-fMRI methodology. We applied prediction-based approaches to highlight the group differences by evaluating the differences in functional connections that predicted the clinical scores (namely, the Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory-Revised (OCI-R) and Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale). Then, we explored the brain network organization of both groups by estimating the subject-specific communities within each group. Lastly, we evaluated associations between the inter-individual variation of nodes in the communities to clinical measures using linear regression. Functional connectivity analysis using individual-fMRI-subspace detected 83 connections that were different between OCD and control groups, compared to none found using conventional-fMRI methodology. Connectome-based prediction analysis did not show significant overlap between the two groups in the functional connections that predicted the clinical scores. This suggests that the functional architecture in patients with OCD may be different compared to controls. Seven communities were found in both groups. Interestingly, within the OCD group but not controls, we observed functional connectivity between cerebellar and visual regions, and lack of connectivity between striato-limbic and frontal areas. Inter-individual variations in the community-size of these two communities were also associated with the OCI-R score (p < .005). Due to our small sample size, we further validated our results by (i) accounting for head motion, (ii) applying global signal regression (GSR) in data processing, and (iii) using an alternate atlas for parcellation. While the main results were consistently observed with accounting for head motion and using another atlas, the key findings were not reproduced with GSR application. The study demonstrated the existence of disconnectedness in fronto-striato-limbic community and connectedness between cerebellar and visual areas in OCD patients, which was also related to the clinical symptomatology of OCD.


Assuntos
Cerebelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Conectoma , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Vias Neurais/diagnóstico por imagem , Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
20.
Pediatr Res ; 2021 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33469177

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Perinatal antibiotic treatment alters intestinal microbiota and augments hyperoxia-induced lung injury in mice offspring. The effect of maternal antibiotic treatment (MAT) during pregnancy on the lung microbiota and its relationship with lung injury remains unknown. METHODS: We fed timed-pregnant C57BL/6N mice sterile drinking water containing antibiotics from gestational day 15 to delivery. Neonatal mice were reared in either room air (RA) or hyperoxia (85% O2) from postnatal days 1 to 7. Four study groups were obtained: control + RA, control + O2, MAT + RA, and MAT + O2. On postnatal day 7, lung and intestinal microbiota were sampled from the left lung and lower gastrointestinal tract. The right lung was harvested for histology and cytokine analysis. RESULTS: MAT during pregnancy significantly reduced the total number of commensal bacteria in the intestine and birth body weight of newborn mice compared with control newborn mice. Neonatal hyperoxia exposure impaired alveolarization and angiogenesis, which was exacerbated by MAT. Neonatal hyperoxia altered the composition and diversity of intestinal and lung microbiota and MAT further exacerbated neonatal hyperoxia-induced intestinal and lung dysbiosis. CONCLUSIONS: MAT during pregnancy exacerbates hyperoxia-induced lung injury probably through the modulation of intestinal and lung microbiota in neonatal mice. IMPACT: MAT during pregnancy reduced the total number of commensal bacteria in the intestine. Neonatal hyperoxia altered the composition and diversity of intestinal and lung microbiota. MAT exacerbated neonatal hyperoxia-induced intestinal and lung dysbiosis. Neonatal hyperoxia exposure impaired alveolarization and angiogenesis, which was exacerbated by MAT. Avoiding and carefully using antibiotics during pregnancy is a potential therapeutic target for preventing lung injury in hyperoxia-exposed infants.

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