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1.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(9): 5071-5081, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32432771

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Acute lung injury (ALI) is the most common complication of sepsis, with rapid onset and high mortality. There is currently no effective treatment for ALI. Therefore, we looked for a good method of treating ALI by studying the effect and mechanism of Nesfatin-1 on ALI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used LPS to induce mouse and human alveolar epithelial cell line BEAS-2B to construct an ALI model. Recombinant Nesfatin-1 was administered subcutaneously to mice or used to stimulate BEAS-2B cells. We collected mouse bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and mouse lung tissue to detect changes in inflammatory factors and oxidative stress levels. In addition, we examined the expression changes of HMGB1 to study the mechanism of Nesfatin-1. RESULTS: Exogenous Nesfatin-1 significantly attenuated LPS-induced ALI and reduced inflammation levels and oxidative stress levels in mouse lung tissue. In cell experiments, Nesfatin-1 also reduced inflammation levels and oxidative stress levels in BEAS-2B cells. In addition, Nesfatin-1 reduced the expression of HMGB1 in mouse lung tissues and BEAS-2B cells, and decreased the activity of p38MAPK and NF-κB signaling pathways in the inflammation-related pathway downstream of HMGB1. However, after overexpression of HMGB1, the therapeutic effect of Nesfatin-1 on ALI was attenuated. CONCLUSIONS: Nesfatin-1 regulates the expression of HMGB1 in alveolar epithelial cells. By reducing the expression of HMGB1, Nesfatin-1 can reduce the inflammation-related signaling pathway downstream of HMGB1 to reduce the level of inflammation and oxidative stress in alveolar epithelial cells, thereby alleviating ALI.

2.
J Clin Virol ; 127: 104374, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32361322

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: There is limited data on the analytical performance of commercial nucleic acid tests (NATs) for laboratory confirmation of COVID-19 infection. METHODS: Nasopharyngeal, combined nose and throat swabs, nasopharyngeal aspirates and sputum was collected from persons with suspected SARS-CoV-2 infection, serial dilutions of SARS-CoV-2 viral cultures and synthetic positive controls (gBlocks, Integrated DNA Technologies) were tested using i) AusDiagnostics assay (AusDiagnostics Pty Ltd); ii) in-house developed assays targeting the E and RdRp genes; iii) multiplex PCR assay targeting endemic respiratory viruses. Discrepant SARS-CoV-2 results were resolved by testing the N, ORF1b, ORF1ab and M genes. RESULTS: Of 52 clinical samples collected from 50 persons tested, respiratory viruses were detected in 22 samples (42 %), including SARS CoV-2 (n = 5), rhinovirus (n = 7), enterovirus (n = 5), influenza B (n = 4), hMPV (n = 5), influenza A (n = 2), PIV-2 (n = 1), RSV (n = 2), CoV-NL63 (n = 1) and CoV-229E (n = 1). SARS-CoV-2 was detected in four additional samples by the AusDiagnostics assay. Using the in-house assays as the "gold standard", the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of the AusDiagnostics assay was 100 %, 92.16 %, 55.56 % and 100 % respectively. The Ct values of the real-time in-house-developed PCR assay targeting the E gene was significantly lower than the corresponding RdRp gene assay when applied to clinical samples, viral culture and positive controls (mean 21.75 vs 28.1, p = 0.0031). CONCLUSIONS: The AusDiagnostics assay is not specific for the detection SARS-CoV-2. Any positive results should be confirmed using another NAT or sequencing. The case definition used to investigate persons with suspected COVID-19 infection is not specific.

3.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(5): 493-497, 2020 May 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32388948

RESUMO

A total of 245 cases of COVID-19 in Shaanxi Province reported in the China information system for disease control and prevention as of February 24, 2020 were selected as the research objects, the cases are divided into imported cases (116 cases, 47.3%) and local cases (129 cases, 52.7%), their basic characteristics, time distribution, transmission mode, intergenerational interval and latent period transmission are analyzed. The age of local cases [(51.74±15.67) years old], female patients (69 cases, 53.5%), housework and retired staff (40 cases, 31.0%), and patients isolated at the time of onset (50 cases, 38.8%) were higher than imported cases, respectively[(40.66±15.41) years old, (45 cases, 38.8%), (21 cases, 18.1%), (17 cases, 14.6%)] (P values were < 0.05); The infection rate was 0.8% (31/3 666) in close contacts with local cases, which was lower than imported cases 2.0% (69/3 435) (P<0.001); The main source of infection in local cases was relatives (70 cases, 54.3%), and the main way of infection was living together and party (90 cases, 69.8%); the proportion of latent period transmission in our province was 15.5% (20 cases), and the interval between the second-generation case and the source of infection was about 4 days, and the interval between generations was about 6 days. In summary, the main way of infection of local cases in Shaanxi Province was living together and party, there were a certain proportion of latent period transmission cases at present, it's suggested that the investigation of close contacts should be started 4 days or earlier before the onset of the case.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Adulto , Idoso , Betacoronavirus , China , Busca de Comunicante , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias
4.
Biol Reprod ; 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32412043

RESUMO

The interaction of sperm with the oocyte is pivotal during the process of mammalian fertilization. The limited numbers of sperm that reach the fallopian tube as well as anatomic restrictions indicate that human sperm-oocyte encounter is not a matter of chance but a directed process. Chemotaxis is the proposed mechanism for re-orientating sperm towards the source of a chemoattractant, and hence to the oocyte. Chemokines represent a superfamily of small (8-11 kDa), cytokine-like proteins that have been shown to mediate chemotaxis and tissue-specific homing of leukocytes through binding to specific chemokine receptors such as CCRs. Here we show that CCR6 is abundantly expressed on human sperms and in human testes. Furthermore, radioligand-binding experiments showed that CCL20 bound human sperm in a specific manner. Conversely, granulosa cells of the oocyte-surrounding cumulus complex as well as human oocytes represent an abundant source of the CCR6-specific ligand CCL20. In human ovaries, CCL20 shows a cycle-dependent expression pattern with peak expression in the preovulatory phase and CCL20 protein induces chemotactic responses of human sperm. Neutralization of CCL20 in ovarian follicular fluid significantly impairs sperm migratory responses. Conversely, analyses in infertile men with inflammatory conditions of the reproductive organs demonstrate a significant increase of CCL20/CCR6 expression in testis and ejaculate. Taken together, findings of the present study suggest that CCR6-CCL20 interaction may represent an important factor in directing sperm-oocyte interaction.

5.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 48(5): 413-419, 2020 May 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32450659

RESUMO

Objective: To prospectively explore the relationship between resting heart rate (RHR) and risk of new-onset heart failure. Methods: It was a prospective cohort study. People who attended the physical examination of Kailuan Group Company in 2006 and with complete electrocardiography (ECG) recordings were eligible for this study. A total of 88 879 participants aged 18 years old or more who were free of arrhythmia, a prior history of heart failure and were not treated with ß-blocker were included. Participants were divided into 5 groups according to the quintiles of RHR at baseline (Q(1) group, 40-60 beats/minutes (n=18 168) ; Q(2) group, 67-70 beats/minutes (n=18 970) ; Q(3) group, 71-74 beats/minutes (n=13 583) ; Q(4) group, 75-80 beats/minutes (n=22 739) ; and Q(5) group,>80 beats/minutes (n=15 419) ) .The general clinical data and laboratory test results were collected. The outcome was the first occurrence of heart failure at the end of follow-up (December 31, 2016) .We used Cox regression model to examine the association between RHR and the risk of new-onset heart failure. Hazard ratio (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated using Cox regression modeling. Results: Among the included patients 68 411 participants were male, mean age was (51.0±12.3) years old, and RHR was (74±10) beats/minutes. Statistically significant differences among the RHR quintiles were found for the following variables: age, gender, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, fasting blood glucose, body mass index, the level of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, education status, physical activity, smoking status, drinking status, history of diabetes, history of hypertension and history of use antihypertensive drugs (all P<0.01) . Higher RHR was linked with higher prevalence of diabetes, hypertension history, and higher systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and FBG levels (all P<0.01). After a mean follow-up of 9.5 years, the incidence of new-onset heart failure in Q(1), Q(2), Q(3), Q(4) and Q(5) groups was 1.60%(290/18 168), 1.36%(258/18 970), 1.80%(245/13 583), 1.76%(400/22 739) and 2.35%(362/15 419),respectively (P<0.01) . The person-year incidence of heart failure in Q(1), Q(2), Q(3), Q(4) and Q(5) groups was 1.7, 1.5, 1.9, 1.9 and 2.6 per 1 000 person-years respectively. Compared with the Q(2) group, multivariate analysis with adjustment for major traditional cardiovascular risk factors showed that HRs of Q(3),Q(4),and Q(5) group were 1.23 (95%CI 1.03-1.48, P<0.05) , 1.19 (95%CI 1.01-1.41, P<0.05) , 1.39 (95%CI 1.18-1.65, P<0.01) , respectively. In the absence of hypertension, diabetes, smoking and acute myocardial infarction, the Cox regression model showed that compared with Q(2) group, the HR of new-onset heart failure in Q(5) group was 1.58 (95%CI 1.02-2.45, P<0.05) . Conclusion: Increased RHR is associated with increased risk of new-onset heart failure in this cohort.

7.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(8): 4103-4112, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32373946

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To systemically evaluate the factors influencing the prognosis of osteosarcoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Case-control studies (sample size>100) investigating the factors influencing the prognosis of osteosarcoma published from 1st January 1980 to 1st February 2019 were searched in the databases, including PubMed, Embase, and CBM. The meta-analysis was conducted within the Review Manager 5.3 software. RESULTS: 22 studies were included. The 5-year overall survival (OS) of male patients was significantly lower than that of female patients (OR=0.84, 95% CI=0.76-0.93). There was no significant statistical difference in 5-year OS between the adolescent group (≤14 years old) and the adult group (>14 years old) (OR=0.88, 95% CI=0.68-1.14). Before standardized chemotherapy, which was started in 2000, the 5-year OS of patients receiving surgery and chemotherapy was significantly higher than patients only receiving surgery (OR=3.20, 95% CI=2.30-4.46). After 2000, the 5-year OS of patients receiving standardized chemotherapy was significantly higher than those undergoing non-standardized chemotherapy (OR=2.17, 95% CI=1.77-2.67). The 5-year OS of the limb-salvage surgery group was higher than that of the amputation surgery group (OR=2.17, 95% CI=1.77-2.67). The 5-year OS of patients with a good response to chemotherapy (Huvos III+IV) was higher than that of patients with poor response to chemotherapy (Huvos I+II) (OR=2.45, 95% CI=2.10-2.87). Patients without bone metastasis had significantly better 5-year OS than those with bone metastasis at initial diagnosis (OR=0.2, 95% CI=0.11-0.39). CONCLUSIONS: The prognosis of male osteosarcoma patients was slightly worse than that of female patients. Surgery plus standardized chemotherapy can improve the 5-year OS of osteosarcoma patients. Patients who had undergone limb-salvage surgery had a better prognosis. Poor response to chemotherapy and bone metastasis had a negative influence on the prognosis of osteosarcoma.

8.
Hum Exp Toxicol ; : 960327120919469, 2020 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32351125

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The present study was aimed to explore the effects and the underlying mechanism of prophylactic low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) treatment on taurocholate-induced severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) in a rat model. METHODS: Rat SAP model was induced by injection of 4% sodium taurocholate into the pancreatic duct. LMWH was applied half an hour before the induction of pancreatitis at the dose of 200 IU/kg subcutaneous injection. The rats were euthanized at 1 h, 6 h, and 12 h after taurocholate-induced SAP. The inflammatory and oxidative response markers were assessed. And the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and Fms-related tyrosine kinase 1 (Flt-1) expression were evaluated by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and western blot methods. RESULTS: The expression of inflammatory and oxidative response markers increased after induction of SAP. IHC and western blot results showed the VEGF and Flt-1 expression were increased in SAP group. Prophylactic LMWH administration reduced the inflammatory and oxidative response markers expression and decreased the expression of VEGF and Flt-1. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggested that prophylactic LMWH treatment mitigated the severity of pancreatitis in rat SAP model by anti-inflammation and oxidative response. The underlying mechanism may result from downregulating VEGF/Flt-1 signaling of LMWH in SAP rat model.

9.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(12): 915-921, 2020 Mar 31.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234166

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the etiology of primary adrenal insufficiency (PAI) and analyze its clinical features. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed in the Department of Endocrinology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital from October 1981 to June 2019. Patients with PAI as the first symptom were enrolled. The etiology of PAI was analyzed and the clinical characteristics was also summarized. Results: A total of 131 patients with PAI were enrolled, including 87 males and 44 females (57 adolescents, and 74 adults). The age ranged from 0 to 73 years. The primary cause of PAI in adolescents was genetic defects (52.6%, 30/57), in which congenital adrenal dysplasia caused by DAX1 gene deficiency accounted for 50.0% (15/30), followed by autoimmunity (22.8%, 13/57). The primary cause of adult PAI was infection (58.1%, 43/74), of which tuberculosis accounted for the majority (93.0%, 40/43), and autoimmune adrenalitis accounted for 19.0% (14/74). Compared with the tuberculosis group, female patients were more common, and the onset age was younger, the plasma cortisol, serum sodium, fasting blood glucose, creatinine and aldosterone were lower (all P<0.05), and serum potassium and renin levels were higher in the autoimmune adrenalitis group (both P<0.05). Conclusions: In the current study, the proportion of PAI caused by infection in the adult group was higher than that in the adolescent group. The most common cause of adult PAI was tuberculosis infection. The most common cause of childhood PAI was genetic defects. Autoimmune damage to the adrenal glands may be more severe than tuberculosis infection.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Adrenal , Adolescente , Glândulas Suprarrenais , Adulto , Idoso , Autoimunidade , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
10.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(12): 938-941, 2020 Mar 31.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234170

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of present study is to analyze clinical and laboratory features of mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD)-associated trigeminal neuropathy (TN). Methods: Clinical records of 12 cases of MCTD complicated with TN diagnosed in Peking University People's Hospital from January 2008 to October 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. Results: The present study included 12 cases, 1 males and 11 females, average age was(40±13)years. TN was developed before the diagosis of MCTD in 1 case. TN and MCTD were occurred simutaneously in 1 case. Raynaud phenomenon (12 cases), arthritis (10cases), edema of fingers (9cases), myositis (6 cases), and pulmonary involvement (11cases) were main cinical feature of MCTD-associate TN. Antinuclear antibody (ANA) and high titer anti-U1-RNP antibody could be detected in serum of all patients. Elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and creatine kinase were found in serum of 7cases and 5cases, respectively. Blink reflex tests were positive in 6 cases. Neurological symptoms improve slowly without any progress by using glucocorticoid combined immunosuppressants or intravenous gamma globulin. Conclusions: TN is often associted with actived MCTD. Positive ANA and anti-U1-RNP antibody were common in MCTD-associated TN. Blink reflex test is essential to diagnose MCTD-associated TN. Intensive treatment of MCTD contributes to control the progress of TN.


Assuntos
Doença Mista do Tecido Conjuntivo , Doença de Raynaud , Doenças do Nervo Trigêmeo , Adulto , Anticorpos Antinucleares , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Neoplasma ; 2020 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32241159

RESUMO

Oxidored-nitro domain-containing protein 1 (NOR1) is a tumor suppressor downregulated in various human cancers, including nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), lung cancer, and testicular cancer. NOR1 protein is highly expressed in the normal brain, however, its role in brain tumors remains unknown. In this study, we demonstrated that the NOR1 protein level was decreased in glioma tissue samples as compared to its normal counterpart. Exogenous expressed NOR1 protein in glioma U251 cells inhibits tumor cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Re-expression of NOR1 induced cell cycle S to G2 phase arrest and suppressed its tumorigenicity in nude mice. Overexpression of NOR1 in U251 cells also led to a decrease of Ki67 expression in xenografts. Transcriptomic analysis revealed that NOR1 expression altered the expression of genes favored cell proliferation. Among the differentially expressed genes, FOXR2, a member of the FOX gene family, which promotes glioma progression, was decreased in NOR1 expressing cells. The downregulation of FOXR2 by NOR1 was validated in vitro and in vivo. Our findings suggest for the first time that NOR1 suppresses glioma progression via modulating the FOXR2 expression.

12.
Phys Rev Lett ; 124(11): 112001, 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32242687

RESUMO

A partial-wave analysis is performed for the process e^{+}e^{-}→K^{+}K^{-}π^{0}π^{0} at the center-of-mass energies ranging from 2.000 to 2.644 GeV. The data samples of e^{+}e^{-} collisions, collected by the BESIII detector at the BEPCII collider with a total integrated luminosity of 300 pb^{-1}, are analyzed. The total Born cross sections for the process e^{+}e^{-}→K^{+}K^{-}π^{0}π^{0}, as well as the Born cross sections for the subprocesses e^{+}e^{-}→ϕπ^{0}π^{0}, K^{+}(1460)K^{-}, K_{1}^{+}(1400)K^{-}, K_{1}^{+}(1270)K^{-}, and K^{*+}(892)K^{*-}(892), are measured versus the center-of-mass energy. The corresponding results for e^{+}e^{-}→K^{+}K^{-}π^{0}π^{0} and ϕπ^{0}π^{0} are consistent with those of BABAR with better precision. By analyzing the cross sections for the four subprocesses, K^{+}(1460)K^{-}, K_{1}^{+}(1400)K^{-}, K_{1}^{+}(1270)K^{-}, and K^{*+}(892)K^{*-}(892), a structure with mass M=(2126.5±16.8±12.4) MeV/c^{2} and width Γ=(106.9±32.1±28.1) MeV is observed with an overall statistical significance of 6.3σ, although with very limited significance in the subprocesses e^{+}e^{-}→K_{1}^{+}(1270)K^{-} and K^{*+}(892)K^{*-}(892). The resonant parameters of the observed structure suggest it can be identified with the ϕ(2170), thus the results provide valuable input to the internal nature of the ϕ(2170).

13.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 58(4): 290-294, 2020 Apr 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234135

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the reference ranges and influential factors of disturbance coefficient (DC) in children without craniocerebral injury at different ages. Methods: Two hundred children without craniocerebral injury admitted to the Department of Orthopaedics in Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from May 2018 to October 2019 were enrolled in this prospective study. The children were divided into four groups according to age, 0-1 year, >1-3 years, >3-5 years and >5-16 years, each of which included 50 children. Each child had DC measured twice with the non-invasive dynamic cerebral edema monitor, and the average value was used as the terminal DC value. Each measurement lasted 15 minutes, 12 hours apart. The difference of DC values among the four groups and between different genders were compared with ANOVA test and nonparametric test. And the Loess local weighted nonparametric regression analysis was used to explore the change of DC according to the increase of age, weight and head circumference (HC). Results: The reference values of DC for children of 0-1 year,>1-3 years, >3-5 years, and >5-16 years were 60±14, 92±18, 112±18, 135±18, respectively (F=175.690, P<0.01). There was no statistical significance in DC between male and female children either in the whole or in each separate age group (103 (81, 125) vs. 102 (68, 123) , Z=-0.739, P=0.460; 59 (52, 68) vs. 57 (53, 65) , Z=-0.243, P=0.808; 88 (81, 105) vs. 95 (70, 105) , Z=-0.776, P=0.437; 117 (99, 120) vs. 113 (101, 123) , Z=-0.170, P=0.865; 137 (123, 143) vs. 142 (123, 160) , Z=-1.279, P=0.201). When the child's age was younger than 5 years, weight was less than 18 kg or HC was less than 51 cm, the DC increased significantly with the increase of age, weight or HC. However, when the age, weight and HC were over the above values, the DC did not show obvious increase, but approaching to stable values of 135, 130, and 130, respectively. Conclusions: For children without craniocerebral injury, the reference values of DC are obviously different at different ages. DC is positively related to age, weight and HC, but not related to gender.


Assuntos
Cefalometria , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Traumatismos Craniocerebrais , Edema/diagnóstico , Feminino , Cabeça/anatomia & histologia , Hospitalização , Hospitais Pediátricos , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos
14.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(0): E034, 2020 Apr 03.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32244260

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the incidence trend and epidemiological characteristics of COVID-19 in Shaanxi province. Methods: The incidence data of COVID-19 reported in Shaanxi as of 22 February, 2020 were collected for an epidemiological descriptive analysis. Results: A total of 245 confirmed cases of COVID-19 were reported in Shaanxi. Most cases were mild (87.76%). As time passed, the areas where confirmed cases were reported continued to increase. The case number in Xi'an was highest, accounting for nearly half of the total reported cases in the province. The epidemic pattern in Shaanxi had gradually shifted from imported case pattern to local case pattern, and the transmission of local cases was mainly based on family cluster transmission. The confirmed cases from different sources had caused the secondary transmission in Shaanxi. After February 7, the number of reported cases began to fluctuate and decrease stably, indicating a decrease-to-zero period. Conclusions: At present, the overall epidemic of COVID-19 in Shaanxi has gradually been mitigated. However, considering the approaching of return to work and study and the increasing of imported cases from other countries, the prevention and control of COVIS-19 in Shaanxi will face new challenges.

15.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(4): 580-584, 2020 Apr 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32344485

RESUMO

Objective: Under different diagnostic scenarios, we tried to establish a tuberculosis dynamic model, to predict the incidence burden and to provide evidence for developing the prevention and control programs of tuberculosis. Methods: A systematic dynamic model was established to fit the annual incidence rates of tuberculosis data from the China CDC, between 2005 and 2018. Basic reproductive number (R(0)) was calculated. Impact of different diagnostic scenarios on tuberculosis burden was explored by numerical changes in diagnosis-related parameters. Results: Results from the Chi-square test indicated that the model accuracy appeared as: χ(2)=1.102 (P=1.000). Also, the computed result showed that R(0)=0.063<1, indicating that tuberculosis would gradually be disappearing in China. Approaches that including 'reducing the delayed diagnosis time'or 'improving the timely medical treatment'would end the fluctuations of the number of infectious and hospitalized patients and thus leading to continuous reduction in the number of these patients, in a long run. Conclusions: This model fitted well for the trend of tuberculosis incidence rates between 2005 and 2018. Reducing the delay time in diagnosis and improving the rate of timely medical treatment could effectively reduce the long-term burden of tuberculosis. Improvement of this model would be further explored.

16.
J Nutr Health Aging ; 24(5): 500-506, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32346688

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between malnutrition and physical frailty among nursing home older adults in China. DESIGN AND SETTING: A cross-sectional study in 15 nursing homes in Changsha, China. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 705 nursing home residents who were aged 60 and older. MEASUREMENTS: Physical frailty was identified based on the following five components: slow gait speed, low physical activity, weight loss, exhaustion, and low grip strength. Nutritional status was assessed using the Mini Nutritional Assessment. Multinomial logistic regression models were used to analyze the association between nutritional status and physical frailty. RESULTS: The mean (SD) age of the participants was 82.5 (8.1) years old (range, 60-106 years), and 226 (32%) was men. Of those participants, 5.1% and 55.6% were malnourished and at risk of malnutrition, respectively; 60.3% and 36.2% were identified as being frail and prefrail, respectively. Compared with participants who were well-nourished, those who were at risk of malnutrition or malnourished were two times more likely to be physically frail (adjusted odds ratio 2.66, 95% confidence interval 1.01 to 7.00), after adjustment for age, education level, cognitive status, depressive symptoms, and disability in activities of daily living. No significant association was observed between malnutrition and physical prefrailty. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that poor nutritional status and physical frailty are highly prevalent in nursing home older adults in China, and that poor nutritional status is associated with increased odds of physical frailty.

17.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32306699

RESUMO

Objective: To instruct a method of determining thallium in the urine by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry(GF-AAS) with colloidal palladium as the matrix modifier. Methods: Urine samples were first diluted and then determined by GF-AAS with colloidal palladium while using thermal sample injection. Results: The optimum volume of colloidal palladium was 6 µl and the best ashing temperature was 600-800 ℃ while the atomization temperature was 1700-1900 ℃ . This method showed a good linearity relationship when the concentration between 0.33 and 50.0 µg/L while the correlation coefficient of standard curve line was 0.9992, and the detection limit was 0.33 µg/L and the recovery rate was between 92.7% and 102.3% with the intra-day precision in the range of 2.55% to 3.66% and the inter-day precision in the range of 1.77% to 3.85%. Conclusion: This method has the advantages of low detect limit, high sensitivity and good precision, and it can be used in the biological monitoring and emergency detecting of workers exposed to thallium.

18.
Dig Dis Sci ; 2020 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32274668

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) escapes growth inhibition by upregulating hexokinase 2 (HK2); however, the mechanism by which tumor cells upregulate HK2 remains unclear. AIM: We aimed to investigate the role of androgen receptor (AR) signalling in promoting HK2 expression in HCC. METHODS: The expressions of AR and HK2 in HCC tissues were analyzed by immunohistochemistry. Cell proliferation was determined using the CCK-8 assay, and the molecular mechanism of AR in the regulation of HK2 was evaluated by immunoblotting and luciferase assays. RESULTS: AR expression is positively correlated with HK2 staining by an immunohistochemical analysis. The manipulation of AR expression changed HK2 expression and glycolysis. AR signaling promoted the growth of HCC by enhancing HK2-mediated glycolysis. Moreover, AR stimulated HK2 levels and glycolysis by potentiating protein kinase A/cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element-binding (CREB) protein signaling. CREB silencing decreased HK2 expression and inhibited AR-mediated HCC glycolysis. AR affected the sensitivity of HCC cells to glycolysis inhibitors by regulating downstream phosphorylated (p)-CREB. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that AR at least partially induced glycolysis via p-CREB regulation of HK2 in HCC cells. Thus, this pathway should be considered for the design of novel therapeutic methods to target AR-overexpressing HCC.

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