Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 777
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32242797

RESUMO

A short rod-shaped, Gram-stain-negative strain that can degrade multiple polymers was isolated from forest soil in China and designated as DSWY01T. The results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that this isolate shared high similarities with Pseudomonas alcaliphila NBRC 102411T (99.3 %), Pseudomonas mendocina NBRC 14162T (99.2%) and Pseudomonas oleovorans NBRC 13583T (99.0%). The results of phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence and multilocus sequence analysis (recA, gyrB, nuoD, glnS and rpoD) indicated that strain DSWY01T belongs to the genus Pseudomonas and is a member of the P. oleovorans group in an independent branch. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization between the genome of strain DSWY01T and the genomes of other species (ANIb 77.72-89.65 %; GGDC 15.50-31.10 %) showed that the isolate represents a novel species. The DNA G+C content of strain DSWY01T was 63.67 mol%, and the major cellular fatty acids (>15 %) were a mixture of C18 : 1ω7c/C18 : 1ω6c and C16 : 0. The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine and two unidentified lipids, and the major quinone was CQ-10. The morphological, physiological and biochemical characteristics of the isolate were then compared with those of reference type strains. The isolate differed considerably from its closest relatives and is representative of a novel species of Pseudomonas, for which the name Pseudomonas hydrolytica sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is DSWY01T (=DSM 106702T=CCTCC AB 2018053T).

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237730

RESUMO

Utilization of non-precious metal electrocatalysts for water-splitting may be the ultimate solution for the sustainable and clean hydrogen energy. MXene, an emerging two-dimensional material, exhibits many unique properties such as possible metallic-like conductivity, hydrophilic surface, and rich chemistry, rendering a group of promising catalysts and catalyst support materials. In this study, exfoliated Ti3C2 MXenes serve as a substrate to perpendicularly grow uniform mesoporous NiCoP nanosheets through an in-situ interface-growth strategy and subsequent phosphorization. The obtained Ti3C2@mNiCoP materials with a stable hierarchical sandwich structure possess excellent conductivity, large surface area, and uniform mesopores with high pore volume. With these beneficial properties, the Ti3C2@mNiCoP material exhibits supe-rior overall water-splitting performance to its building-block counterparts, matching to the state-of-the-art water-splitting electrocatalysts.

3.
J Immunol ; 2020 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32188757

RESUMO

Mammalian CIITA isoforms are tightly regulated by independent promoters. These promotors are induced by IFN-γ through JAK-STAT signaling pathway. The induction of CIITA controls the expression of MHC class II (MHCII) and Ag presentation to the adaptive immune system. In the current study, to our knowledge, we first identified two independent promoters, p1 and p2, in the zebrafish (Danio rerio) that control the expression of the two variants of CIITA, CIITA variant 1 (CIITAv1), and CIITA variant 2 (CIITAv2), respectively. Moreover, although IRF1 in an IFN-γ signaling pathway induced CIITAv2, which has two ISRE motifs in its promoter, CIITAv1 expression was not induced by this signal. Further, the transcription of MHCII DAB was controlled by IRF1 via two distinct mechanisms: 1) the transcription of MHCII DAB was controlled by IRF1 indirectly through the two ISREs in p2; and 2) directly via the ISRE in MHCII DAB promoter. We also found that IRF1 associated with CIITAv1 and CIITAv2 via protein-protein interactions to synergistically drive the transcription of MHCII DAB. The IFN-γ-IRF1-CIITA-MHCII signaling cascade was functional in early life stages of CIITA-/- and IRF1-/- zebrafish. Our findings imply that the immune system develops early in fishes and that the IFN-γ signaling cascade-induced CIITA and MHCII DAB is conserved in teleost fishes and mammals.

4.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2020 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32202784

RESUMO

As an alternative for depleting fossil fuel energy, hydrogen economy desires low-cost and efficient hydrogen production from water splitting. In order to explore a cheap, abundant, active, and durable catalyst for the electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), two-dimensional (2D) ceria nanosheets are produced through a thermal decomposition exfoliation method from CeCO3OH with a layer-stacked structure. The additional cobalt dopant promotes formation of oxygen vacancies in ceria nanosheets and, in turn, optimizes hydrogen binding/water dissociation and increases the active sites. As a result, the 2D Co-doped CeO2 nanosheets exhibit an excellent catalytic performance in alkaline HER such that the overpotential is as low as 132 and 215 mV to deliver a high current density of 100 and 500 mA cm-2, respectively, outperforming Pt. Such 2D Co-doped CeO2 nanosheets are also durable HER electrocatalysts, as the activity loss during an extended period of operation is nearly negligible.

5.
J Econ Entomol ; 2020 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32221516

RESUMO

Insecticide resistance in the German cockroach, Blattella germanica (L.), is a significant challenge to the pest management professionals worldwide. We collected 24 field populations of B. germanica from different localities in Taiwan island, reared them for one to two generations, and evaluated them for their resistance to deltamethrin, propoxur, and fipronil using the surface-contact method. Results showed that deltamethrin resistance ratio ranged from 1.5 to 817.5×. Among the strains, TC Supermarket, TC Sanshang Logistics, TC THSR, and TC 1Taichungsteak strains showed very high resistance to deltamethrin, which mortality ranged between 0 and 33% at 7-d post-treatment. On the other hand, resistance to propoxur and fipronil RR were 0.70-7.13× and 1.67-3.72×, respectively. Synergism studies using piperonyl butoxide (PBO) and S,S,S-tributylphosphorotrithioate (DEF) suggested the major involvement of cytochrome P450 monooxygenase and minor involvement of esterases. However, deltamethrin resistance in two strains (i.e., TC Supermarket and TC THSR) was not affected by both PBO and DEF, indicating that other mechanisms are involved in the resistance, including kdr resistance. Evaluation of the field strains using commercial gel baits containing fipronil, imidacloprid, hydramethylnon, and indoxacarb for up to 7 d resulted in 24.4-100%, 11.3-78.5%, 15.8-75.5%, and 63.3-100% mortality, respectively. We found that high deltamethrin resistance in some strains could affect the performance of fipronil, imidacloprid, and indoxacarb baits, indicating the potential involvement of cytochrome P450 monooxygenase in reducing the effectiveness of the bait toxicants.

6.
Neuron ; 2020 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32169171

RESUMO

ACOX1 (acyl-CoA oxidase 1) encodes the first and rate-limiting enzyme of the very-long-chain fatty acid (VLCFA) ß-oxidation pathway in peroxisomes and leads to H2O2 production. Unexpectedly, Drosophila (d) ACOX1 is mostly expressed and required in glia, and loss of ACOX1 leads to developmental delay, pupal death, reduced lifespan, impaired synaptic transmission, and glial and axonal loss. Patients who carry a previously unidentified, de novo, dominant variant in ACOX1 (p.N237S) also exhibit glial loss. However, this mutation causes increased levels of ACOX1 protein and function resulting in elevated levels of reactive oxygen species in glia in flies and murine Schwann cells. ACOX1 (p.N237S) patients exhibit a severe loss of Schwann cells and neurons. However, treatment of flies and primary Schwann cells with an antioxidant suppressed the p.N237S-induced neurodegeneration. In summary, both loss and gain of ACOX1 lead to glial and neuronal loss, but different mechanisms are at play and require different treatments.

7.
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol ; 133: 110004, 2020 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32200310

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the difference in cellular senescence patterns between recurrent tonsillitis and tonsillar hypertrophy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Forty-three patients diagnosed with recurrent tonsillitis or tonsillar hypertrophy, based on medical history and symptoms, underwent tonsillectomy. The specimens were collected and examined using senescence ß-galactosidase staining for cellular senescence. Macrophages were detected by immunochemistry. RESULTS: Cellular senescence was found in both recurrent tonsillitis and tonsillar hypertrophy groups. The comparison of cellular senescence in microcompartments of tonsil tissue (germinal centre, mantle zone, subepithelial and intraepithelial) revealed a significant increase of senescent cells in germinal centres in tonsillar hypertrophy compared with that in tonsillar hypertrophy. The majority of senescent cells in both groups were CD68-positive. CONCLUSIONS: Different cellular senescence patterns were found between the two studied paediatric tonsillar diseases. Macrophage senescence may play a role in the pathogenesis of these diseases.

8.
Chemosphere ; 249: 126341, 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32213393

RESUMO

Current mechanism studies in plant heavy metal tolerance do not consider the effects of different phenolic acids on the bioavailability of heavy metals and the comparison with antioxidant enzyme system in the hydroxyl radical scavenging capacity. In present study, by a set of pot culture experiments with adding cadmium (Cd) and zinc (Zn) to the sediments, the effects of different phenolic acids on the toxicity of Cd and Zn in Kandelia obovata and the dominant role in scavenging hydroxyl radicals were evaluated. The results showed that 100 mg kg-1 Zn treatment promoted the growth of plant under high concentrations of Cd and Zn stress. Under the stress of Cd and Zn, the phenolic acids were mainly metabolized by phenylpropanoid and flavonoid pathways, supplemented by shikimate and monolignol pathways in K. obovata. Eleven phenolic acids with different abilities of scavenging free radicals were detected in the plant, including pyrogallic acid (Gal), coumaric acid (Cou), protocatechuic acid (Pro), chlorogenic acid (Chl), 4-hydroxy benzoic acid (Hyd), caffeic acid (Caf), vanillic acid (Van), ferulic acid (Fer), benzoic acid (Ben), and salicylic acid (Sal). By adding phenolic acids to the sediments, chlorogenic acid (Chl), pyrogallic acid (Gal), cinnamic acid (Cin), and coumaric acid (Cou) behave as more reactive in changing Cd or Zn into residual fractions than the others, and chlorogenic acid (Chl), pyrogallic acid (Gal), ferulic acid (Fer) and caffeic acid (Caf) have higher ability of scavenging hydroxyl radicals than the others. In summary, K. obovata tends to synthesize phenolic acids with strong scavenging ability of free radicals and changing the bioavailability of Cd and Zn under high concentration of Cd and Zn stress. Phenolic acids played a crucial role in the mitigative effect of heavy metal stress via scavenging free radicals and involving in the process of Cd and Zn uptake and tolerance. The results will provide important theoretical basis and method guidance for mangrove wetland conservation.

9.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; (6): 657-663, 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32097205

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mallet fracture is avulsion of the terminal extensor tendon from the base of the distal phalangeal bone with a bony fragment. This study was performed to evaluate the anatomical characteristics of mallet fractures, investigate a new mallet fracture classification system using anatomical and imaging methods, and discuss the treatment schemes for different types of mallet fracture. METHODS: Sixty-four fresh cadaveric fingers were divided into four groups, and models of different types of mallet fracture with distal interphalangeal joint instability were established by dissecting 25%, 50%, 75%, and 100% of the bilateral collateral ligaments. The effect of mallet fractures on the stability of the distal interphalangeal joint was then observed. The lateral radiographs of mallet fractures in 168 patients were analyzed and classified according to the involvement of the joint surface in the fracture, the thickness of fracture, the untreated time after injury, and the complication of distal interphalangeal joint palmar subluxation. Forty-seven patients were surgically treated by reconstruction of extensor tendon insertion, the Ishiguro method, or single Kirschner wire fixation. RESULTS: The established mallet fracture model showed that the distal interphalangeal joint was stable when the bilateral collateral ligaments were cut off by 25% (t = -0.415, P = 0.684) and significantly unstable when this range was ≥50% (50% transection: t = -6.363, P < 0.001; 75% transection: t = -17.036, P < 0.001; 100% transection: t = -30.977, P < 0.001, respectively). The mallet fractures were divided into Types I, II, and III (fracture involving <20%, 20%-50%, and >50% of the joint surface, respectively). Type II was further divided into Types IIa and IIb according to whether the course of injury was < or ≥2 weeks, respectively. The mean post-operative flexion of the distal interphalangeal joint was 63.4°â€Š±â€Š7.9°, and the mean extension lag was 6.7°â€Š±â€Š4.6°. CONCLUSIONS: The lateral collateral ligament is the main factor that maintains the stability of the distal interphalangeal joint. Classification that combines the involvement of the joint surface in the fracture, the thickness of the fracture, and the untreated time after injury is reasonable and will help to choose an appropriate operational method.

10.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(25): 3661-3664, 2020 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32108207

RESUMO

Inspired by the natural properties of the phospholipid bilayer (PB), three probes that could assemble with phospholipid bilayer through hydrophobic and electrostatic interactions are reported for rapid and accurate specific imaging of plasma membrane in 2D and 3D cell models. What's more, we have captured the picture of probe assembly with the phospholipid bilayer in cells for the first time.

11.
Environ Res ; 183: 109245, 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32065915

RESUMO

CuCo2O4 was synthesized via a relatively simple method, and innovatively supported onto the activated carbon (AC) by calcination to obtain a novel heterogeneous catalyst (AC-CuCo2O4). Brilliant red 3BF (3BF) was selected as the probe compound to investigate the catalytic activity of AC-CuCo2O4 in the presence of peroxymonosulfate (PMS). The results showed that 98% removal rate could be achieved and the reaction rate constant (0.476 min-1) was 5.2 times greater than that of CuCo2O4 alone (0.091min-1), suggesting that the introduction of AC could greatly enhance the catalytic activity of pure CuCo2O4. Typically, the 3BF removal was as high as 96% after five cycles, showing the good stability of catalyst reuse. Additionally, the effects of the initial pH, catalyst dosage, PMS concentration and reaction temperature on the 3BF removal were investigated, demonstrating that AC-CuCo2O4 effectively remove 3BF over a wide pH range (5.0-10.0) and possessed temperature-tolerant performance. To further explore the 3BF removal mechanism, electron paramagnetic resonance technology combining with trapping agents was employed to confirm the involvement of reactive oxygen species including SO4•-, •OH, O2•- and 1O2, which distinctly differed from the reported CuCo2O4 for PMS activation. These findings provided an addition promising strategy in environmental remediation.

12.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 3094, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32080227

RESUMO

Involvement of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in the regulation of gene expression in cis has been well studied in eukaryotes but relatively little is known whether and how lncRNAs affect gene expression in tans. In Arabidopsis thaliana, COLDAIR, a previously reported lncRNA, is produced from the first intron of FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC), which encodes a repressor of flowering time. Our results indicated that the exogenously overexpressed COLDAIR enhances the expression of FLC in trans, resulting in a late-flowering phenotype. In 35S-COLDAIR lines, the enhanced expression of FLC is correlated with the down-regulation of the repressive histone mark H3K27me3 and with the up-regulation of the active histone mark H3K4me3 at the FLC chromatin. Furthermore, we demonstrated that overexpression of intronic lncRNAs from several other H3K27me3-enriched MADS-box genes also activates the expression of their host genes. This study suggests that the involvement of overexpressed intronic lncRNAs in gene activation may be conserved in H3K27me3-enriched genes in eukaryotes.

13.
Can J Microbiol ; : 1-9, 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32053399

RESUMO

The magnitude of the impact of altitude gradient on microbial community and diversity has been studied in recent decades. Whereas bacteria have been the focus of most studies, fungi have been given relatively less attention. As a vital part of the macro- and microscopic ecosystem, rhizosphere fungi play a key role in organic matter decomposition and relative abundance of plant species and have an impact on plant growth and development. Using Duchesnea indica as the host plant, we examined the rhizosphere soil fungal community patterns across the altitude gradient in 15 sites of Yunnan province by sequencing the fungal ITS2 region with the Illumina MiSeq platform. We determined the fungal community composition and structure. We found that, surprisingly, rhizosphere soil fungal diversity of D. indica increased with altitudinal gradient. There was a slight difference in diversity between samples from high- and medium-altitude sites, with medium-altitude sites having the greater diversity. Furthermore, the rhizosphere soil fungal community composition and structure kept changing along the altitudinal gradient. Taxonomic results showed that the extent of phylum diversity was greatest at high-altitude sites, with Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, Zygomycota, and Glomeromycota as the most dominant fungal phyla.

14.
Oral Dis ; 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32031319

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The study explored the potential function of astrocyte elevated gene-1 (AEG-1) on angiogenesis in tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) in TSCC cell lines. METHODS: The different degrees of angiogenesis were detected in TSCC cell lines expressing different levels of AEG-1 by chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) experimental model. Next, we established xenografts of different TSCC cell lines with different expression levels of AEG-1 in nude mice and conducted immunohistochemistry to evaluate the expression of the angiogenesis-associated factor, that is, vascular endothelial growth receptor factor 2 (VEGFR-2) and microvessel density (MVD). Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was detected by ELISA. RESULTS: CAM assay showed that the number of vessels was significantly reduced in AEG-1-down um1 cell line (p < .05), whereas the number was significantly increased in AEG-1-over um2 cell line (p < .05). Moreover, up-regulated AEG-1 expression level was associated with higher tumor angiogenesis, which was reflected by augmented expression levels of VEGF (p < .01), VEGFR-2 (p < .05), and MVD counting (p < .01). CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that AEG-1 can promote tumor angiogenesis in TSCC and inhibition of tumor angiogenesis by repressing the expression of AEG-1 may be a novel potential treatment approach for TSCC.

15.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 150: 261-280, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32044366

RESUMO

Tumour-associated macrophages (TAMs) inhibit the killing effect of T lymphocytes on tumour cells through the immunocheckpoint programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1)/programmed death-1 (PD-1) axis. TAMs-targeted therapy is a promising approach that could be used to reverse the immunosuppressive tumour microenvironment. Here, we further report CMPB90-1, a novel natural polysaccharide from Cordyceps militaris, could function as an anti-tumour modulator that resets TAMs from a tumour-promoting M2 phenotype to a tumour-killing M1 phenotype. This process involves reversing the functional inhibition of T lymphocytes by inhibiting the PD-L1/PD-1 axis between TAMs and T lymphocytes. Mechanistically, the membrane receptor of CMPB90-1 binding to M2 macrophages was identified by tandem mass spectrometry. CMPB90-1 converts immunosuppressive TAMs via binding to toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2), which causes the release of Ca2+ and the activation of p38, Akt and NF-κB, or ERK. This process then leads to the polarization of TAMs from M2 phenotype to the M1 phenotype. In vivo experiment shows that CMPB90-1 is able to polarize TAMs into the M1 phenotype and has anti-tumour effects with improved safety. Additionally, the anti-tumour effects of CMPB90-1 in vivo depend on the phenotypic conversion of TAMs. The results demonstrated that CMPB90-1 could be developed as a potential immune-oncology treatment reagent.

16.
Int Dent J ; 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31998967

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) may be associated with oral diseases, but few relevant studies have been reported in China. This study aimed to compare the prevalence, severity and extent of dental caries and periodontal disease in Chinese IBD patients and healthy controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, questionnaires and oral examinations were completed for 389 IBD patients [265 with Crohn's disease (CD) and 124 with ulcerative colitis (UC)] and 265 healthy controls based on the established criteria of the World Health Organization. Tobit regression, multiple linear regression and logistic regression were performed to analyse the data. RESULTS: After adjusting for confounders, the decayed, missing and filled surfaces indices were significantly increased in the CD and UC patients compared with those in the controls (P < 0.001). Patients with CD [odds ratio (OR) = 4.27, 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 2.63-6.95, P < 0.001] and UC (OR = 2.21, 95% CI: 1.24-3.94, P = 0.007) had significantly higher risks of dental caries than controls. Significantly higher percentages of sites with probing pocket depth ≥ 5 mm and clinical attachment loss ≥ 4 mm were observed in CD and UC patients compared with controls (P < 0.001). A fully adjusted model revealed that CD and UC were risk indicators for periodontitis (OR = 4.46, 95% CI: 2.50-7.95, P < 0.001; OR = 4.66, 95% CI: 2.49-8.71, P < 0.001, respectively). No significant differences in dental caries and periodontal disease were observed between the CD and UC patients. CONCLUSIONS: Chinese IBD patients have a higher prevalence, severity and extent of dental caries and/or periodontal disease than controls, and require oral health education and multidisciplinary treatment.

17.
Transplant Proc ; 52(1): 54-60, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31901324

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Kidneys at higher risk for allograft failure are defined by the Kidney Donor Profile Index (KDPI) > 85% in the current kidney allocation system (KAS), replacing the historical concept of expanded criteria donor (ECD) kidneys in the previous KAS. Discrepancies exist in the classification of "high-risk kidneys" between the 2 KAS. In the current KAS, only recipients of KDPI > 85% kidneys are counseled about the high risk of allograft failure and are required to sign a consent. In this study, we evaluated the outcomes and allocation of kidneys with discordant classification. METHODS: Using the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients, kidneys transplanted between 01/2002 and 09/2016 were classified according to the old (standard criteria donor [SCD]/ECD) and current (KDPI) KAS. We then grouped them as concordant (KDPI ≤ 85% + SCD or KDPI > 85% + ECD) and discordant (KDPI ≤ 85% + ECD or KDPI > 85% + SCD) kidneys. RESULTS: Approximately 11% of transplanted kidneys were discordant in classification. Among kidneys with KDPI ≤ 85%, ECD status conferred a 64% (95% CI: 56%-73%) higher risk of allograft failure compared to SCD status. However, SCD/ECD status was not associated with differential outcomes in KDPI > 85% kidneys. These ECD kidneys have KDPIs > 50% and have been transplanted across all estimated post-transplant survival (EPTS) deciles. CONCLUSION: Adequate counseling about the risk and benefit of accepting ECD kidneys with KDPI ≤ 85% versus waiting on dialysis should be explored with the patients, especially those with lower EPTS.

18.
Mol Biol Rep ; 47(3): 1553-1561, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31925645

RESUMO

There is disputable on the role of nitrilase-like 2 (NIT2) in cancer. Its expression and its relationship with clinicopathological features in tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) are not yet clear. The purpose of this study is to investigate the expression of NIT2 in TSCC and its correlation with clinicopathological characteristics in TSCC patients. Through proteomic identification, we found that the protein NIT2 was related to the development of TSCC. q-PCR, western blot and immunohistochemistry techniques were applied to detect the expression of NIT2 in TSCC. The relationship between the expression of NIT2 and clinicopathological features was analyzed by Chi square tests. The results showed the expression of NIT2 in TSCC was significantly higher than that in normal tongue tissues (p < 0.05). Univariate and multivariate analysis showed that the positive expression of NIT2 and N classification were associated with decreased disease-free survival rate (DFS) and overall survival (OS) (p < 0.05). The results suggested that NIT2 is overexpressed in TSCC and NIT2 may be a potential therapeutic target for TSCC.

19.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 524(1): 77-82, 2020 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31980179

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Protein arginine methyltransferase 2 (PRMT2) is closely related to the occurrence and development of atherosclerosis. However, its underlying mechanisms remain to be elucidated. The purpose of this study is to observe the effect of overexpression of PRMT2 on the formation of foam cells and to explore its possible mechanism in RAW 264.7 macrophage. METHODS: Lentivirus vector of overexpression PRMT2 (LV-PRMT2) was constructed. LV-PRMT2 and lentivirus vector GV492 were transfected into RAW 264.7 macrophages, positive clone cells were screened by treatment with 4.0 µg/mL puromycin for 4 weeks. The macrophages were treated with ox-LDL (50 µg/mL) for 48 h to induce foaming. The lipid accumulation of macrophages was observed by oil red O staining. The levels of cellular total cholesterol (TC), free cholesterol (FC) and cholesteryl ester (CE) were measured by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) assays. The cholesterol efflux of macrophages was tested by the [3H] labeled cholesterol. The expressions of ATP binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1), ATP binding cassette transporter G1 (ABCG1), CD36 and scavenger receptor A1 (SR-A1) in macrophages were measured by Western Blot. RESULTS: The results showed that LV-PRMT2 and lentivirus vector has been successfully transfected into RAW 264.7 macrophage. Compared with the Vector group, the mRNA and protein expressions of PRMT2 were significantly up-regulated (P < 0.05). Compared with Control group, the expression of PRMT2 was significantly down-regulated in ox-LDL group (P < 0.05). A large number of red lipid droplets appeared in the cells in Vector group. Compared with Vector group, lipid droplets, the levels of TC, FC and CE and CE/TC, cholesterol efflux rate and expression of ABCA1 in RAW 264.7 macrophage was significantly decreased in LV-PRMT2 group (all P < 0.05). There was no significant difference about the expressions of ABCG1, CD36 and SR-A1 between LV-PRMT2 group and Vector group (all P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Overexpression of PRMT2 inhibits the formation of foam cell induced by ox-LDL in RAW 264.7 macrophage, and the mechanism may be related to the increase of ABCA1 expression and ABCA1 mediated cholesterol efflux.

20.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 523(3): 573-579, 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31932036

RESUMO

The applications of dextran depend not only on the molecular weight but also on the types and number of branches. In this study, dextran generated from Leuconostoc mesenteroides (L.M.CICC-20724) was characterized by fourier-transform infrared spectrum and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Our analyses showed that dextran was a polysaccharide composed of d-glucose units with predominantly α(1 â†’ 6) linkages in the main chain and few α(1 â†’ 3) linkages in the branch. Periodate oxidation, a classic chemical method, was usually combined with Smith degradation and gas chromatography to analyze glycosidic linkages in polysaccharide quantitatively. In this study, we calculated the exact straight-chain/branched-chain ratio in the dextran using periodate oxidation only. The ratios obtained by periodate oxidation only were compared to the ratios obtained by nuclear magnetic resonance. The results showed that the ratios of the two groups were nearly equal, and the average relative error between the two groups was 0.83%. This method was evaluated and found to be accurate and stable. This technique provided a convenient and straightforward chemical method for the quantitative analysis of the straight-chains and branched-chains in polysaccharides which had a similar structure. The ratios during the enzymatic synthesis process of dextran were analyzed by this method and were found to be stable with a high level of approximately 95% on average.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA