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1.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(11): 1643-1646, 2019 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30657485

RESUMO

A sextuple ordered interpenetrated copper-naphthalenediimide network has been constructed by combining the features of porous metal-organic frameworks and π-conjugated supramolecular aggregation. The material exhibits intrinsic semiconductive features with narrow bandgap energy (1.2 eV) and outstanding electron transport. Theoretical calculations combined with experiments indicate that the high electron conduction may originate from π-d coupling and J-aggregation.

2.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 9(29): 24771-24777, 2017 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28675932

RESUMO

There has been a growing interest in the design and synthesis of non-fullerene acceptors for organic solar cells that may overcome the drawbacks of the traditional fullerene-based acceptors. Herein, two novel push-pull (acceptor-donor-acceptor) type small-molecule acceptors, that is, ITDI and CDTDI, with indenothiophene and cyclopentadithiophene as the core units and 2-(3-oxo-2,3-dihydroinden-1-ylidene)malononitrile (INCN) as the end-capping units, are designed and synthesized for non-fullerene polymer solar cells (PSCs). After device optimization, PSCs based on ITDI exhibit good device performance with a power conversion efficiency (PCE) as high as 8.00%, outperforming the CDTDI-based counterparts fabricated under identical condition (2.75% PCE). We further discuss the performance of these non-fullerene PSCs by correlating the energy level and carrier mobility with the core of non-fullerene acceptors. These results demonstrate that indenothiophene is a promising electron-donating core for high-performance non-fullerene small-molecule acceptors.

3.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 9(8): 7259-7264, 2017 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28181792

RESUMO

Metal-organic framework (MOF) thin films are important in the application of sensors and devices. However, the application of MOF thin films in organic field effect transistors (OFETs) is still a challenge to date. Here, we first use the MOF thin film prepared by a liquid-phase epitaxial (LPE) approach (also called SURMOFs) to modify the SiO2 dielectric layer in the OFETs. After the semiconductive polymer of PTB7-Th (poly[4,8-bis(5-(2-ethylhexyl)thiophene-2-yl)benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b']dithiophene-co-3-fluorothieno[3,4-b]thiophene-2-carboxylate]) was coated on MOF/SiO2 and two electrodes on the semiconducting film were deposited sequentially, MOF-based OFETs were fabricated successfully. By controlling the LPE cycles of SURMOF HKUST-1 (also named Cu3(BTC)2, BTC = 1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylate), the performance of the HKUST-1/SiO2-based OFETs showed high charge mobility and low threshold voltage. This first report on the application of MOF thin film in OFETs will offer an effective approach for designing a new kind of materials for the OFET application.

4.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 9(7): 6186-6193, 2017 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28117970

RESUMO

In this study, Sn-doped ZnO (ZTO) is prepared by a sol-gel method and is employed as an electron transport material for organic solar cells (OSCs). After Sn modification, the fabricated ZTO films exhibited better charge transport properties and smoother surface morphology, especially for those processed at a low temperature of 120 °C. By incorporation of the high-temperature (200 °C) processed ZTO films, inverted OSCs showed the highest power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 9.32%, which is higher than those based on the same temperature processed ZnO films. For the devices based on the low-temperature processed ZTO, a high PCE over 9.0% with long-term stability was achieved, which is much better than those based on the same temperature processed ZnO (8.46% PCE). Here, the ZTO films can be fabricated without high-temperature annealing, demonstrating their great potential as electron transport layers for efficient flexible OSCs.

5.
Adv Mater ; 28(17): 3359-65, 2016 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26928909

RESUMO

The first two asymmetric-indenothiophene-based donor-acceptor copolymers (PITBT and PITFBT) are prepared through Stille coupling reactions between distannyl indenothiophene and brominated benzothiadiazole derivatives. The best performing solar cell fabricated from PITFBT exhibits a power conversion efficiency of 9.14% which demonstrates a great potential of the asymmetric indenothiophene for high-performance copolymers.

6.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 5(18): 9015-25, 2013 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23984993

RESUMO

Inverted polymer solar cells (PSCs) with high open-circuit voltages of 1.00-1.06 V are fabricated by using an indenofluorene-containing copolymer (PIFTBT8) as an electron donor material and [6,6]-phenyl-C71-butyric acid methyl ester (PC71BM) as an electron acceptor material. To improve the photovoltaic performance, interface control of various low-temperature processed ZnO films as cathode buffer layers is systematically investigated for effective electron transportation, while transition metal oxides including MoO3, WO3, NiO, and Cu2O are employed as anode buffer layers for hole-extraction. Incorporation of optimized semiconducting metal oxide interlayers can minimize interfacial power losses, which thus affords large open-circuit voltages (Voc), increased short-circuit current densities (Jsc), and fill factors (FF), eventually contributing to higher power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) as well as better device stability. Due to the improved interfacial contacts and fine-matching energy levels, inverted PSCs with a device configuration of ITO/ZnO/PIFTBT8:PC71BM/MoO3/Ag exhibit a high PCE of 5.05% with a large Voc of 1.04 V, a Jsc of 9.74 mA cm(-2), and an FF of 50.1%. For the single junction inverted PSCs with efficiencies over 5.0%, 1.04 V is the largest Voc ever achieved. By controlling the processing conditions of the active layer, the Voc can further be improved to 1.05 and 1.06 V, with PCEs of 4.70% and 4.18%, respectively. More importantly, the inverted PSCs are ascertained to maintain a PCE of 4.55% (>90% of its initial efficiency) and a Voc of 1.05 V over 180 days, demonstrating good long-term stability, which is much better than that of the conventional devices. The results suggest that the interface engineering of metal oxide interlayers is an important strategy to develop PSCs with good performance.


Assuntos
Metais/química , Óxidos/química , Polímeros/química , Energia Solar , Eletrodos , Fulerenos/química , Semicondutores , Compostos de Estanho/química , Transistores Eletrônicos
7.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 48(9): 1254-6, 2012 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22179108

RESUMO

A series of compounds based on the angular-shaped naphthalene tetracarboxylic diimide core have been synthesized, characterized and used as active layers of organic field-effect transistors (OFETs). The fabricated OFET devices exhibit n-type semiconducting characteristics, demonstrating the first examples of semiconductors based on angular-shaped naphthalene tetracarboxylic diimides.

8.
Talanta ; 85(1): 824-8, 2011 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21645782

RESUMO

A minimal core based fluorophore was introduced as a selectively fluorescent "turn on" sensor for Zn(2+) ions in aqueous solution. Addition of Zn(2+) ions to the fluorophore generates a significant emission through a 1:1 ligand-to-metal complex. The fluorescence titration experiment of the minimal core based fluorophore with various metal ions shows that the pyromellitic diimide derivative also has the advantage of a high selectivity to Zn(2+) ions over other metals such as Ni(2+), or Co(2+), Cu(2+), Fe(3+), Fe(2+). More than 8 fold increase in the intensity of fluorescence was observed for the Zn(2+)-bound fluorophore compared to Zn-free fluorophore. Due to its small molecular size, the fluorophore was cell-permeable and successfully applied to the detection of Zn(2+) in living cells. With its relatively high sensitivity to Zn(2+) in living cells, the synthesized new fluorophore will be very useful in the studies on various biological functions of Zn(2+).


Assuntos
Células/química , Corantes Fluorescentes , Zinco/análise , Animais , Permeabilidade da Membrana Celular , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Humanos , Íons , Ligantes , Soluções , Água
9.
Org Lett ; 13(2): 324-7, 2011 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21155600

RESUMO

A facial synthetic route to a new heteroheptacene with the inclusion of carbazole and thiophene units is described. The synthesis of two new semiconducting copolymers with use of the heteroheptacene unit is also reported. The introduction of heteroatoms (sulfur, nitrogen) in the fused-ring system leads to small optical band-gaps of these polymers. The charge carrier mobilities for these polymers are measured in ambient conditions which are sufficient for photovoltaic applications.

10.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 46(9): 1449-51, 2010 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20162144

RESUMO

Presented here is a homochiral three-dimensional diamondoid framework material, [Zn(AMTD)(2)](n) generated through an unusual spontaneous asymmetrical crystallization from achiral precursors without any enantiopure additives, which first demonstrates that symmetry breaking could be driven by the cooperation of twisted framework topology and an asymmetrical ligand.

11.
Inorg Chem ; 47(18): 8086-90, 2008 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18698695

RESUMO

A new optical supramolecular compound constructed from a polyoxometalate cluster and an organic substrate [(H3O)(C12H10N3)2(PW12O40)] (1) has been synthesized via a hydrothermal reaction and has been structurally characterized by X-ray diffraction. The solid-state diffuse reflectance, IR, and photoluminescence spectra of the title compound indicate that there is an interaction between the alpha-PW12O40 and the organic substrate. The light-yellow title compound shows a certain second-order nonlinear optical response of I(2omega) = 2I(KDP)(2omega).

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