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1.
Molecules ; 26(5)2021 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33806482

RESUMO

An effective and sensitive method is necessary for the determination of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) pollutants in water. In this study, effervescent-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction with solidification of the aqueous phase (EA-DLLME-SAP), followed by Gas Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS-MS) quantitative analysis, was established for the preconcentration and determination of PBDEs in real environmental water samples. 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane was used as the extractant and directly dispersed into the water phase of the aqueous samples with the aid of a large number of carbon dioxide bubbles generated via the acid-base reaction of acetic acid and sodium bicarbonate, which did not require the use of a dispersant during the extraction process. The key factors affecting the extraction recovery were optimized, and an internal standard was used for quantitative analysis, which gave good linearity ranges of 1-100 ng·L-1 (BDEs 28, 47, 99, and 100), 2-200 ng·L-1 (BDEs 153, 154, and 183) and 5-500 ng·L-1 (BDE 209) with limits of quantification in the range of 1.0-5.0 ng·L-1. The accuracy was verified with relative standard deviations < 8.5% observed in tap, lake, river and reservoir water samples with relative recoveries ranging from 67.2 to 102.6%. The presented method contributes to the determination of PBDEs in environmental water samples.

2.
Ann Palliat Med ; 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33832315

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. The purpose of our meta-analysis was to assess the risk factors for brain metastases (BM) in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: Multiple databases, including PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and Wanfang, were systematically searched to recruit relevant studies investigating the risk factors for BM in NSCLC patients. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale was used to evaluate literature quality, and the meta-analysis was performed using the Review Manager 5.3. Evidence quality evaluation was carried out according to the Grading of Recommendation Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) standard. The estimated odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were set as effect measures. Funnel plots and sensitivity analyses were used to assess publication bias and the robustness and reliability of the combined results, respectively. RESULTS: A total of 43 studies with 11,415 participants were included in this meta-analysis. The results indicated that the following factors were significantly associated with an increased risk of BM in NSCLC patients (P<0.05): (I) gender (female) (OR =1.32, 95% CI: 1.17-1.49, P<0.00001); (II) adenocarcinoma (OR =2.34, 95% CI: 1.76-3.11, P<0.00001) or non-squamous cell carcinoma (OR =0.63, 95% CI: 0.42-0.94, P=0.02); (III) advanced tumor stage (OR =1.48, 95% CI: 1.01-2.17, P=0.04); (IV) node stage (OR =2.19, 95% CI: 1.39-3.45, P=0.0007); (V) lymphatic metastasis (OR =2.43, 95% CI: 1.76-3.36, P<0.00001); (VI) epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutation (OR =1.88, 95% CI: 1.26-2.80, P=0.002); (VII) kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene (KRAS) gene mutation (OR =2.99, 95% CI: 1.82-4.91, P<0.00001); (VIII) higher levels of carcinoembryonic antigen (P<0.00001), carbohydrate antigen 199 (P<0.0001), cytokeratin-19 fragment (P=0.04), neuron-specific enolase (P<0.00001), and carbohydrate antigen 125 (P=0.0005). CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis demonstrated that NSCLC patients with BM have more aggressive clinical features.

3.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 341, 2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33789616

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of recombinant human serum albumin /granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (rHSA/G-CSF) in breast cancer following receipt of cytotoxic agents. METHODS: The phase 1b trial assessed the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and safety of dose-escalation, ranging from rHSA/G-CSF 1800 µg, 2100 µg, and 2400 µg. Randomized controlled phase 2b trial was further conducted to ensure the comparative efficacy and safety of rHSA/G-CSF 2400 µg and rhG-CSF 5 µg/kg. In multicenter, randomized, open-label, parallel, phase 2 study, participants treated with anthracycline-containing chemotherapy were assigned in a ratio 1:1:1 to receive double delivery of rHSA/G-CSF 1200 µg, 1500 µg, and continuous rhG-CSF 5 µg/kg. RESULTS: Between December 16, 2014, to July 23, 2018, a total of 320 patients were enrolled, including 25 individuals in phase 1b trial, 80 patients in phase 2b trial, and 215 participants in phase 2 study. The mean duration of agranulocytosis during the first chemotherapeutic intermission was observed as 1.14 ± 1.35 days in rHSA/G-CSF 1500 µg, which was comparable with that of 1.07 ± 0.97 days obtained in rhG-CSF control (P = 0.71). Safety profiles were assessed to be acceptable ranging from rHSA/G-CSF 1800 µg to 2400 µg, while the double delivery of HSA/G-CSF 2400 µg failed to meet the noninferiority in comparison with rhG-CSF. CONCLUSION: The prospective randomized controlled trials demonstrated that rHSA/G-CSF was efficacious and well-tolerated with an approachable frequency and expense of application for prophylactic management of agranulocytosis. The double delivery of rHSA/G-CSF 1500 µg in comparisons with paralleling G-CSF preparations is warranted in the phase 3 trial. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifiers: NCT02465801 (11/17/2014), NCT03246009 (08/08/2017), NCT03251768 (08/07/2017).

4.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(16): 8813-8817, 2021 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33682269

RESUMO

High-efficiency organic solar cells (OSCs) largely rely on polymer donors. Herein, we report a new building block BNT and a relevant polymer PBNT-BDD featuring B-N covalent bond for application in OSCs. The BNT unit is synthesized in only 3 steps, leading to the facile synthesis of PBNT-BDD. When blended with a nonfullerene acceptor Y6-BO, PBNT-BDD afforded a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 16.1 % in an OSC, comparable to the benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b']dithiophene (BDT)-based counterpart. The nonradiative recombination energy loss of 0.19 eV was afforded by PBNT-BDD. PBNT-BDD also exhibited weak crystallinity and appropriate miscibility with Y6-BO, benefitting of morphological stability. The singlet-triplet gap (ΔEST ) of PBNT-BDD is as low as 0.15 eV, which is much lower than those of common organic semiconductors (≥0.6 eV). As a result, the triplet state of PBNT-BDD is higher than the charge transfer (CT) state, which would suppress the recombination via triplet state effectively.

5.
Immunol Cell Biol ; 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33768642

RESUMO

Macrophages exhibit distinct phenotypes in response to environmental signals. The polarization of M1 macrophages plays an essential role in the inflammatory response. However, the specific molecular mechanisms regulating the inflammatory response during M1 macrophage polarization remain to be further understood. Here, we found that the histone acetyltransferase PCAF was a potential negative regulator of the M1 macrophage inflammatory response. During M1 macrophage polarization, the inflammatory response gradually reduced, but PCAF expression increased. Furthermore, the overexpression of PCAF significantly inhibited the expression of the M1 macrophage-related pro-inflammatory genes TNF-α, IL-6 and CXCL10, while PCAF deficiency enhanced the expression of these genes. Furthermore, we found that PCAF overexpression suppressed the NF-κB signaling pathway and promoted the expression of the Krüppel-like factors KLF2 and KLF4 through regulating their transcriptional levels. In addition, KLF2 and KLF4 deficiency reversed the PCAF-induced inhibition of the expression of pro-inflammatory genes in M1 macrophages. Collectively, the present results demonstrate a potential negative regulatory mechanism of the inflammatory response during M1 macrophage polarization and propose a novel mechanism of inflammation resolution for maintaining homeostasis.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33783400

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Intestinal failure-associated liver disease (IFALD) is a life-threatening complication for patients with intestinal failure (IF) who receive long-term parenteral nutrition (PN). We evaluated the effects of the farnesoid X receptor (FXR) agonist tropifexor on a neonatal piglet model of IFALD fed with PN. METHODS: The piglets received PN and tropifexor for 14 days, then levels of liver enzymes, bile acid metabolism, inflammation, and intestinal barrier markers were assessed using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 19 serum levels were determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA). Bile acids were determined in liver, serum, and intestinal contents, and the microbiome was sequenced in different intestinal segments. RESULTS: The PN model was established in newborn piglets. The levels of serum liver enzymes, pro-inflammatory factors, and oxidative stress increased in the livers of piglets fed with PN, but not in those fed with PN and tropifexor. Tropifexor stimulated FGF19 expression in ileal epithelial cells, increased portal FGF19 levels, then inhibited cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase (CYP7A1) expression in the liver. Tropifexor increased the relative abundance of bacteria associated with bile salt hydrolase and 7α-dehydrogenation in the contents of ileum and altered the composition of bile acids in serum, liver, and intestinal contents. Tropifexor also inhibited intestinal inflammation, alleviated intestinal mucosal atrophy, and improved the intestinal barrier. CONCLUSIONS: Tropifexor might prevent liver damage in neonatal piglets receiving PN by altering the composition of intestinal microbiota and bile acids. Tropifexor also alleviates intestinal inflammation and preserves the intestinal barrier.

7.
Phytopathology ; 2021 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33759550

RESUMO

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is ubiquitous in diverse environmental habitats. It alerts significant concern due to its increasing incidence of nosocomial and community-acquired infection in immunocompromised patients and multiple drug resistance. It is rarely reported as a phytopathogen except causing white stripe disease of rice in India and postharvest fruit rot of Lanzhou Lily. Recently, Dickeya zeae and S. maltophilia strains were simultaneously isolated from soft rot leaves of Clivia miniata in Guangzhou, China, and were both demonstrated pathogenic to the host. Compared with the D. zeae strains, S. maltophilia strains propagated faster for greater growth in LB medium and produced no cellulases or polygalacturonases, more proteases and fewer extracellular polysaccharides. Furthermore, S. maltophilia strains swam and swarmed dramatically less on semi-solid media, but formed extraordinarily more biofilms. Both D. zeae and S. maltophilia strains isolated from clivia caused rot symptoms on other monocot hosts, but not on dicots. Similar to previously reported S. maltophilia strains isolated from other sources, strain JZL8 survived under many antibiotic stresses. Complete genome sequence of S. maltophilia strain JZL8 consists of a chromosome of 4,635,432 bp without plasmid. Pan-genome analysis of JZL8 and 180 other S. maltophilia strains identified 50 JZL8-unique genes, seven of which implicates potential contribution of JZL8 pathogenicity on plants. JZL8 also contains 3 copies of T1SS, likely responsible for its greater production of proteases. Findings from this study extend our knowledge on the host range of S. maltophilia and provide insight into phenotypic and genetic features underlying the plant pathogenicity of JZL8.

8.
Environ Microbiol ; 2021 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33728790

RESUMO

Asparagine (Asn, N) -linked glycosylation within Nglyco -X-S/T; X ≠ P motif is a ubiquitously distributed post-translational modification that participates in diverse cellular processes. In this work, N-glycosylation inhibitor was shown to prevent Phytophthora sojae growth, suggesting that N-glycosylation is necessary for oomycete development. We conducted a glycoproteomic analysis of P. sojae to identify and map N-glycosylated proteins and to quantify differentially expressed glycoproteins associated with mycelia, asexual cyst, and sexual oospore developmental stages. A total of 355 N-glycosylated proteins was found, containing 496 glycosites, potentially involved in glycan degradation, carbon metabolism, glycolysis, or other metabolic pathways. Through PNGase F deglycosylation assays and site-directed mutagenesis of a GPI transamidase protein (GPI16) up-regulated in cysts and a heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) up-regulated in oospores, we demonstrated that both proteins were N-glycosylated and that the Nglyco -N motif is a target site for asparagine - oligosaccharide linkage. Glycosite mutations of Asn 94 Nglyco -X-S/T in the GPI16 led to impaired cyst germination and pathogenicity, while mutation of the previously unknown Asn 270 Nglyco -N motif in HSP70 led to decreased oospore production. In addition to providing a map of the oomycete N-glycoproteome, this work confirms that P. sojae has evolved multiple N-glycosylation motifs essential for growth. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

9.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 1299, 2021 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33637725

RESUMO

Kirigami, with facile and automated fashion of three-dimensional (3D) transformations, offers an unconventional approach for realizing cutting-edge optical nano-electromechanical systems. Here, we demonstrate an on-chip and electromechanically reconfigurable nano-kirigami with optical functionalities. The nano-electromechanical system is built on an Au/SiO2/Si substrate and operated via attractive electrostatic forces between the top gold nanostructure and bottom silicon substrate. Large-range nano-kirigami like 3D deformations are clearly observed and reversibly engineered, with scalable pitch size down to 0.975 µm. Broadband nonresonant and narrowband resonant optical reconfigurations are achieved at visible and near-infrared wavelengths, respectively, with a high modulation contrast up to 494%. On-chip modulation of optical helicity is further demonstrated in submicron nano-kirigami at near-infrared wavelengths. Such small-size and high-contrast reconfigurable optical nano-kirigami provides advanced methodologies and platforms for versatile on-chip manipulation of light at nanoscale.

10.
J Hazard Mater ; 412: 125260, 2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33556859

RESUMO

Air pollutions are extremely serious threats to human health and the functional hybrid filter is able to remove complicated pollutants with great potential. However, the stable structure design of hybrid filter to provide efficient filtration and adsorption performance for high temperature applications still remains a challenge. In this study, electrospun polyimide (PI) based hybrid filter was fabricated via multiple hydrogen bonding self-assembly for high-temperature air purification. In particular, Octa(amino-propylsilsesquioxane) (POSS-NH2) was utilized as "bridge" for the surface activation of PI fiber, and then amino-functionalized Zeolitic Imidazolate Framework-8 (NH2-ZIF-8) nanocrystals were anchored on the fiber surface through hydrogen bonding. On account of the synergistic effect of the interception effect of fibers and the electrostatic interaction of NH2-ZIF-8 nanocrystals, the as-obtained PI-POSS@ZIF hybrid filter possessed excellent filtration performance with a high PM0.3 removal efficiency of 99.28% and a low pressure drop of 49.21 Pa at high temperature of 280 °C. Moreover, due to the massive micropore structure, rich open metal sites and functional groups of NH2-ZIF-8, the hybrid filter exhibited prominent VOCs adsorption performance with adsorption capability of 89.95 mg/g for formaldehyde.

11.
Hum Cell ; 2021 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33575967

RESUMO

Liver fibrosis is a chronic liver injury that leads to liver cirrhosis and liver cancer. Ring finger protein 20 (RNF20), also named as E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase BRE1A, has been reported to be involved in chronic liver diseases. However, the role of RNF20 in liver fibrosis remains unclear. To mimic liver fibrosis in vitro, LX-2 cells were treated with TGF-ß. Gene and protein expressions were detected by RT-qPCR and western blot, respectively. The mechanism by which RNF20 mediated the progression of liver fibrosis was explored by bioinformatics analysis. Finally, in vivo mouse model of liver fibrosis was established to detect the function of RNF20. The results indicated that TGF-ß-induced increase of cell viability and migration was significantly reversed by RNF20 overexpression. Consistently, overexpression of RNF20 significantly reversed TGF-ß-induced activation of fibrotic proteins in LX-2 cells. Meanwhile, VEGFA, TNF-α and IL-6 were found to be the downstream targets of RNF20 in LX-2 cells. Moreover, RNF20 overexpression notably inhibited the progression of liver fibrosis via ubiquitination of H2B. Finally, RNF20 upregulation significantly attenuated the symptom of liver fibrosis in vivo. In summary, overexpression of RNF20 significantly inhibited the progression of liver fibrosis in vitro and in vivo. Therefore, RNF20 might serve as a new target for the treatment of liver fibrosis.

12.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33629850

RESUMO

Nanoporous materials are widely explored as efficient adsorbents for the storage of gases and liquids as well as for effective low-dielectric materials in large-scale integrated circuits. These applications require fast heat transfer, while most nanoporous substances are thermal insulators. Here, the oriented growth of micrometer-sized single-crystal covalent organic frameworks (COFs) ribbons with nanoporous structures at an air-water interface is presented. The obtained COFs ribbons are interconnected into a continuous and purely crystalline thin film. Due to the robust connectivity among the COFs ribbons, the entire film can be easily transferred and reliably contacted with target supports. The measured thermal conductivity amounts to ∼5.31 ± 0.37 W m-1 K-1 at 305 K, which is so far the highest value for nanoporous materials. These findings provide a methodology to grow and assemble single-crystal COFs into large area ensembles for the exploration of functional properties and potentially lead to new devices with COFs thin films where both porosity and thermal conductivity are desired.

13.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 1005, 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33579929

RESUMO

Oxynitride photocatalysts hold promise for renewable solar hydrogen production via water splitting owing to their intense visible light absorption. Cocatalyst loading is essential for activation of such oxynitride photocatalysts. However, cocatalyst nanoparticles form aggregates and exhibit weak interaction with photocatalysts, which prevents eliciting their intrinsic photocatalytic performance. Here, we demonstrate efficient utilization of photoexcited electrons in a single-crystalline particulate BaTaO2N photocatalyst prepared with the assistance of RbCl flux for H2 evolution reactions via sequential decoration of Pt cocatalyst by impregnation-reduction followed by site-selective photodeposition. The Pt-loaded BaTaO2N photocatalyst evolves H2 over 100 times more efficiently than before, with an apparent quantum yield of 6.8% at the wavelength of 420 nm, from a methanol aqueous solution, and a solar-to-hydrogen energy conversion efficiency of 0.24% in Z-scheme water splitting. Enabling uniform dispersion and intimate contact of cocatalyst nanoparticles on single-crystalline narrow-bandgap particulate photocatalysts is a key to efficient solar-to-chemical energy conversion.

14.
Carbohydr Polym ; 258: 117706, 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33593576

RESUMO

Combination treatment through the co-delivery of drugs and genes by nanoformulations may achieve a synergistic effect. In our previous study, poly(amidoamine) dendronized chitosan derivative (PAMAM-Cs) showed good gene transfection efficiency and low cytotoxicity. Here, we incorporated hydrophobic deoxycholic acid (DCA) onto the chitosan backbone of PAMAM-Cs to obtain an amphiphilic derivative-PAMAM-Cs-DCA, which could self-assemble into cationic nanoparticles (NPs). The resulting NPs with diameters of 140-220 nm can encapsulate the hydrophobic anticancer drug doxorubicin (DOX) in the core while bind pDNA via the positively charged PAMAM shell. PAMAM-Cs-DCA NPs could completely complex with pDNA at a ratio of nitrogen to phosphorous (N/P) low as 1 and the complexes achieved a transfection efficiency up to 74 % at N/P 20. Moreover, low-dose co-delivered DOX could enhance the transgene expression, showing a synergistic effect. These results suggest that PAMAM-Cs-DCA NPs hold great promise to co-deliver chemotherapeutics and nucleic acid drugs.

15.
Database (Oxford) ; 20212021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33417691

RESUMO

As a vigorous and hardy and an almost disease-free game bird, the domestic helmeted guinea fowl (Numida meleagris, hereafter HGF) has attracted considerable attention in a large number of genetic study projects. However, none of the current/recent avian databases are related to this agriculturally and commercially important poultry species. To address this data gap, we developed Helmeted Guinea Fowl Database (HGFDB), which manages and shares HGF genomic and genetic data. By processing the data of genome assembly, sequencing reads and genetic variations, we organized them into eight modules, which correspond to 'Home', 'Genome', 'Re-sequence', 'Gene', 'Variation', 'Download', 'Tools' and 'Help', HGFDB provides the most comprehensive view of the HGF genome to date and will be relevant for future studies on HGF structural and functional genomics and genetic improvement. Database URL: http://hgfdb.ynau.edu.cn/.

16.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 21(1): 4, 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33407146

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: At present, most assessments of liver fibrosis staging mainly focus on non-invasive diagnostic methods. This study aims to construct a noninvasive model to predict liver histology for antiviral therapy in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) with alanine aminotransferase (ALT) < 2 times upper limit of normal (ULN). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 577 patients with CHB who received liver biopsy and whose ALT was less than 2 ULN. Then they were randomly divided into a training group and a validation group. Through logistic regression analysis, a novel predictive model was constructed in the training group to predict significant changes in liver histology [necro-inflammatory activity grade (G) ≥ 2 or fibrosis stage (S) ≥ 2] and then validated in the validation group. RESULTS: If liver biopsy showed moderate or severe inflammation or significant fibrosis, antiviral treatment was recommended. Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), anti-hepatitis B virus core antibody (anti-HBC) and glutamine transpeptidase (GGT) were identified as independent predictors for antiviral therapy, with area under the ROC curve (AUROC) of 0.649, 0.647 and 0.616, respectively. Our novel model index, which combined AST, anti- HBC and GGT with AUROC of 0.700 and 0.742 in training set and validation set. CONCLUSIONS: This study established a noninvasive model to predict liver histology for antiviral treatment decision in patients with CHB with ALT < 2 ULN, which can reduce the clinical needs of liver biopsy.

17.
Metabolism ; 114: 154404, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33069810

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have considered the obesity-related lipid environment as the potential cause for M1 macrophage polarization in type 2 diabetes. However, the specific regulatory mechanism is still unclear. Here, we investigated the role and molecular mechanism of histone methyltransferases G9a in lipids-induced M1 macrophage polarization in type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We used saturated fatty acid palmitate to induce macrophage polarization, and performed real-time PCR, western blot, flow cytometry and CHIP assay to study the function and molecular mechanism of G9a. Additionally, we isolated the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from 187 patients with type 2 diabetes and 68 healthy individuals, and analyzed the expression level of G9a. RESULTS: The palmitate treatment induced the macrophage M1 polarization, and decreased the expression of G9a. The deficiency of G9a could promote the palmitate-induced M1 macrophage polarization, whereas, over-expressing G9a notably suppressed this process. Meanwhile, we observed the regulatory role of G9a on the ER stress which could contribute to M1 macrophage. Furthermore, we identified the fatty acid transport protein CD36 as the potential target of G9a. Dependent on the methyltransferase activity, G9a could negatively regulate the expression of CD36 induced by palmitate. The CD36 inhibitor SSO could significantly attenuate the regulatory effect of G9a on M1 macrophage polarization and ER stress. Importantly, G9a was decreased, and suppressed CD36 and M1 macrophage genes in the PBMCs from individuals with type 2 diabetes. CONCLUSIONS: Our studies demonstrate that G9a plays critical roles in lipid-induced M1 macrophage polarization via negatively regulating CD36.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD36/metabolismo , Polaridade Celular/fisiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Histona Metiltransferases/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Animais , Polaridade Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Ácido Palmítico/farmacologia , Células RAW 264.7
18.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 583: 89-99, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32980683

RESUMO

Fingerprints are widely studied due to their unique shape and lifelong properties. The latent fingerprint (LFP) visualization is critical in identifying crime scenes and personal information. At present, the powder dusting method for LFP detection is favored due to its environmental friendliness and nontoxicity. However, this method has low resolution, low sensitivity, and large background interference. To address these shortcomings, the red-emitting Sr2MgMoO6:xEu3+ (x = 0-0.50) phosphors were synthesized using the solid-state reaction process. The products were systematically studied through the structural phase, luminescent property, decay curve, and color purity. Sr2MgMoO6:xEu3+ phosphors were monitored at 596 nm and exhibited a commendable broad excitation band between 250 and 475 nm. This result indicated that the disadvantage of the poor absorption of commercial red phosphors (Y2O2S:Eu3+) in the near-ultraviolet region was overcome. Under excitation at 393 nm, the synthesized Sr2MgMoO6:Eu3+ phosphor exhibited intense red light at 596 and 616 nm, due to the 5D0 â†’ 7F1 and 5D0 â†’ 7F2 transitions of Eu3+ ions. The optimal concentration for the Sr2MgMoO6:xEu3+ phosphor was x = 20 mol%, and the concentration quenching effect was ascribed to the dipole-dipole interaction. The Commission International del'Eclairage (CIE) chromaticity coordinates of Sr2MgMoO6:Eu3+ were (0.643, 0.356), and the color purity was 99.8%. Furthermore, the fluorescent LFP images developed by Sr2MgMoO6:0.20Eu3+ phosphors were well visualized, and level 1-3 details were well identified with high resolution, contrast, sensitivity, and selectivity. The obtained results suggested that the Sr2MgMoO6:Eu3+ phosphor can be applied for LFP detection.

19.
J Integr Plant Biol ; 63(4): 755-771, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33325122

RESUMO

In eukaryotes, MEDIATOR is a conserved multi-subunit complex that links transcription factors and RNA polymerase II and that thereby facilitates transcriptional initiation. Although the composition of MEDIATOR has been well studied in yeast and mammals, relatively little is known about the composition of MEDIATOR in plants. By affinity purification followed by mass spectrometry, we identified 28 conserved MEDIATOR subunits in Arabidopsis thaliana, including putative MEDIATOR subunits that were not previously validated. Our results indicated that MED34, MED35, MED36, and MED37 are not Arabidopsis MEDIATOR subunits, as previously proposed. Our results also revealed that two homologous CBP/p300 histone acetyltransferases, HAC1 and HAC5 (HAC1/5) are in fact plant-specific MEDIATOR subunits. The MEDIATOR subunits MED8 and MED25 (MED8/25) are partially responsible for the association of MEDIATOR with HAC1/5, MED8/25 and HAC1/5 co-regulate gene expression and thereby affect flowering time and floral development. Our in vitro observations indicated that MED8 and HAC1 form liquid-like droplets by phase separation, and our in vivo observations indicated that these droplets co-localize in the nuclear bodies at a subset of nuclei. The formation of liquid-like droplets is required for MED8 to interact with RNA polymerase II. In summary, we have identified all of the components of Arabidopsis MEDIATOR and revealed the mechanism underlying the link of histone acetylation and transcriptional regulation.

20.
Breast ; 55: 30-36, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33310633

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To characterize the incidence, risk factors and survival of patients with brain metastases at initial diagnosis of metastatic breast cancer (MBC) in China. METHODS: The China National Cancer Center database was used to identify 2087 MBC patients diagnosed between 2003 and 2015. Clinicopathological features, treatment and survival information were extracted. Multivariable logistic and Cox regression were performed to determine factors predictive of brain metastases at MBC diagnosis and survival, respectively. RESULTS: Brain metastases occurred in ninety patients (4.3%) at MBC diagnosis, and in 27 patients (2.5%), 42 patients (7.2%) and 21 patients (5.2%) with hormone receptor positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 negative (HR + HER2-), HER2-positive and triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), respectively. HER2-positive subtype (OR = 2.38; 95% CI 1.40-4.04; p < 0.0001), TNBC subtype (OR = 1.89; 95% CI 1.02-3.51; p = 0.005), and metastases to all three sites of bone, liver and lungs (OR = 3.23; 95% CI 1.52-6.87; p = 0.002) were shown to increase the risk of BM at MBC diagnosis. Median survival after BM was 23.7 months. First-line tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) improved survival compared to trastuzumab-based regimen (44.9 vs 35.4 months, p = 0.09). Factors that independently decreased BM death risk were ECOG<2, brain metastases only and multidisciplinary treatment. CONCLUSION: HER2-positive and TNBC subtypes have a higher incidence of BM at initial MBC diagnosis. Brain screening might be considered in patients with HER2-positive disease at MBC diagnosis, and further prospective randomized study is warranted.

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