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1.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 3728, 2017 06 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28623284

RESUMO

We introduce the concept of spatio-temporal steering (STS), which reduces, in special cases, to Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen steering and the recently-introduced temporal steering. We describe two measures of this effect referred to as the STS weight and robustness. We suggest that these STS measures enable a new way to assess nonclassical correlations in an open quantum network, such as quantum transport through nano-structures or excitation transfer in a complex biological system. As one of our examples, we apply STS to check nonclassical correlations among sites in a photosynthetic pigment-protein complex in the Fenna-Matthews-Olson model.

2.
Phys Rev Lett ; 116(24): 240401, 2016 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27367365

RESUMO

We introduce the concept of assemblage moment matrices, i.e., a collection of matrices of expectation values, each associated with a conditional quantum state obtained in a steering experiment. We demonstrate how it can be used for quantum states and measurements characterization in a device-independent manner, i.e., without invoking any assumption about the measurement or the preparation device. Specifically, we show how the method can be used to lower bound the steerability of an underlying quantum state directly from the observed correlation between measurement outcomes. Combining such device-independent quantifications with earlier results established by Piani and Watrous [Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 060404 (2015)], our approach immediately provides a device-independent lower bound on the generalized robustness of entanglement, as well as the usefulness of the underlying quantum state for a type of subchannel discrimination problem. In addition, by proving a quantitative relationship between steering robustness and the recently introduced incompatibility robustness, our approach also allows for a device-independent quantification of the incompatibility between various measurements performed in a Bell-type experiment. Explicit examples where such bounds provide a kind of self-testing of the performed measurements are provided.

3.
Phys Rev Lett ; 116(2): 020503, 2016 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26824533

RESUMO

Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) steering is a type of quantum correlation which allows one to remotely prepare, or steer, the state of a distant quantum system. While EPR steering can be thought of as a purely spatial correlation, there does exist a temporal analogue, in the form of single-system temporal steering. However, a precise quantification of such temporal steering has been lacking. Here, we show that it can be measured, via semidefinite programing, with a temporal steerable weight, in direct analogy to the recently proposed EPR steerable weight. We find a useful property of the temporal steerable weight in that it is a nonincreasing function under completely positive trace-preserving maps and can be used to define a sufficient and practical measure of strong non-Markovianity.

4.
Sci Rep ; 5: 15571, 2015 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26493048

RESUMO

An invisibility cloak provides a way to hide an object under the detection of waves. A good cloak guides the incident waves through the cloaking shell with few distortion. Even if one day a nearly perfect cloak is built, some important quantum effects, such as dephasing of the electron spin or photon polarization, may still remain. In this work, we consider the possibility that using the temporal steering of these degrees of freedom to detect the existence of an invisibility cloak.

5.
Sci Rep ; 3: 2514, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23979099

RESUMO

If two identical emitters are coupled to a common reservoir, entanglement can be generated during the decay process. When using Bell's inequality to examine the non-locality, however, it is possible that the bound cannot be violated in some cases. Here, we propose to use the steering inequality to examine the non-locality induced by a common reservoir. Compared with the Bell inequality, we find that the steering inequality has a better tolerance for examining non-locality. In view of the dynamic nature of the entangling process, we also propose to observe the quantum coherent dynamics by using the Leggett-Garg inequalities. We also suggest a feasible scheme, which consists of two quantum dots coupled to nanowire surface plasmons, for possible experimental realization.


Assuntos
Retroalimentação , Modelos Teóricos , Pontos Quânticos , Teoria Quântica , Ressonância de Plasmônio de Superfície/métodos , Simulação por Computador
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