Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 400
Filtrar
1.
J Reprod Immunol ; 151: 103635, 2022 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35525084

RESUMO

The reproductive system can be infected by a variety of double-stranded RNA viruses, which disrupt ovary function and pregnancy. However, whether viral infection directly affects early embryonic development remains unknown. Here we show that Poly(I:C), which mimics a double-stranded RNA virus, significantly impaired mouse early embryonic development in vitro, and up-regulated TLR3 and IFNα at the two cells embryo stage. Further studies indicated that Poly(I:C)-treatment caused DNA damage and abnormal spindle morphology at the first cleavage. Moreover, CDX2 and SOX2 expression was decreased while blastocyst cell apoptosis was increased. Altogether, Poly(I:C) decreased the rate of successful in vitro fertilization via DNA damage and abnormal spindle morphology at the first cleavage and inhibited early embryonic development by inducing immune response and promoting blastocyst cell apoptosis. This study provides an implication for exploring the causes of reproductive disorders in mammals and humans caused by infection of double-stranded RNA virus.

2.
BMC Genomics ; 23(1): 331, 2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35484513

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Genetic progress for fertility and reproduction traits in dairy cattle has been limited due to the low heritability of most indicator traits. Moreover, most of the quantitative trait loci (QTL) and candidate genes associated with these traits remain unknown. In this study, we used 5.6 million imputed DNA sequence variants (single nucleotide polymorphisms, SNPs) for genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of 18 fertility and reproduction traits in Holstein cattle. Aiming to identify pleiotropic variants and increase detection power, multiple-trait analyses were performed using a method to efficiently combine the estimated SNP effects of single-trait GWAS based on a chi-square statistic. RESULTS: There were 87, 72, and 84 significant SNPs identified for heifer, cow, and sire traits, respectively, which showed a wide and distinct distribution across the genome, suggesting that they have relatively distinct polygenic nature. The biological functions of immune response and fatty acid metabolism were significantly enriched for the 184 and 124 positional candidate genes identified for heifer and cow traits, respectively. No known biological function was significantly enriched for the 147 positional candidate genes found for sire traits. The most important chromosomes that had three or more significant QTL identified are BTA22 and BTA23 for heifer traits, BTA8 and BTA17 for cow traits, and BTA4, BTA7, BTA17, BTA22, BTA25, and BTA28 for sire traits. Several novel and biologically important positional candidate genes were strongly suggested for heifer (SOD2, WTAP, DLEC1, PFKFB4, TRIM27, HECW1, DNAH17, and ADAM3A), cow (ANXA1, PCSK5, SPESP1, and JMJD1C), and sire (ELMO1, CFAP70, SOX30, DGCR8, SEPTIN14, PAPOLB, JMJD1C, and NELL2) traits. CONCLUSIONS: These findings contribute to better understand the underlying biological mechanisms of fertility and reproduction traits measured in heifers, cows, and sires, which may contribute to improve genomic evaluation for these traits in dairy cattle.


Assuntos
Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , MicroRNAs , Animais , Bovinos/genética , Feminino , Fertilidade/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/veterinária , Genótipo , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Reprodução/genética
3.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(14): 15982-15995, 2022 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35363484

RESUMO

The treatment of cartilage injury and osteoarthritis has been a classic problem for many years. The idea of in situ tissue regeneration paves a way for osteochondral repair in vivo. Herein, a hydrogel scaffold linked with bioactive peptides that can selectively adsorb transforming growth factor ß1 (TGF-ß1) was hypothesized to not only afford cell ingrowth space but also induce the endogenous TGF-ß1 recruitment for chondrogenesis promotion. In this study, bilayered porous scaffolds with gelatin methacryloyl (GelMA) hydrogels as a matrix were constructed via three-dimensional (3D) printing, of which the upper layer was covalently bound with bioactive peptides that can adsorb TGF-ß1 for cartilage repair and the lower layer was blended with hydroxyapatite for subchondral regeneration. The scaffolds showed promising therapeutic efficacy proved by cartilage and osteogenic induction in vitro and osteochondral repair of rats in vivo. In particular, the animal gait behavior was recovered after the in situ tissue regeneration, and the corresponding gait analysis demonstrated the promotion of tissue regeneration induced by the porous hydrogels with the binding peptides.


Assuntos
Hidrogéis , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1 , Animais , Cartilagem , Condrogênese , Marcha , Gelatina , Hidrogéis/metabolismo , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Metacrilatos , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Porosidade , Impressão Tridimensional , Ratos , Engenharia Tecidual , Tecidos Suporte , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/farmacologia
4.
Environ Pollut ; 304: 119072, 2022 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35301034

RESUMO

Many studies revealed the rapid decline of atmospheric PM2.5 in Beijing due to the emission control measures. The variation of particle number concentration (PN) which has important influences on regional climate and human health, however, was rarely reported. This study measured the particle number size distributions (PNSD) in 3-700 nm in winter of Beijing during 2013-2019. It was found that PN decreased by 58% from 2013 to 2017, but increased by 29% from 2017 to 2019. By Positive matrix factorization (PMF) analysis, five source factors of PNSD were identified as Nucleation, Fresh traffic, Aged traffic + Diesel, Coal + biomass burning and Secondary. Overall, factors associated with primary emissions were found to decrease continuously. Coal + biomass burning dominated the reduction (65%) among the three primary sources during 2013-2017, which resulted from the great efforts on emission control of coal combustion and biomass burning. Fresh traffic and Aged traffic + Diesel decreased by 43% and 66%, respectively, from 2013 to 2019, as a result of the upgrade of the vehicle emission standards in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei area. On the other hand, the contribution from Nucleation and Secondary decreased with the reduction of gaseous precursors in 2013-2017, but due to the increased intensity of new particle formation (NPF) and secondary oxidation, they increased by 56% and 70%, respectively, from 2017 to 2019, which led to the simultaneously increase of PN and particle volume concentration. This study indicated that NPF may play an important role in urban atmosphere under continuous air quality improvement.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Idoso , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Pequim , China , Carvão Mineral/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Tamanho da Partícula , Material Particulado/análise , Emissões de Veículos/análise
5.
J Hazard Mater ; 432: 128559, 2022 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35299109

RESUMO

Atmospheric oxidation can produce electrophilic compounds, altering the health effects induced by fine particulate matter (PM2.5); however, little is known about these electrophilic compounds or their health effects. Using electron capture negative ionization, we systematically detected 301 electrophilic compounds from personal PM2.5 samples in a panel study in urban Beijing. Most were oxygen-containing compounds with 3-17 double bond equivalents (DBE), suggesting the dominance of oxidized aromatic structures. Over 64% of the species, mostly outdoor-originated, were associated with inflammatory cytokines in both exhaled breath condensate and serum. Primary components of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and high-DBE oxygenated PAHs, mainly from fossil fuel combustion, were positively associated with interleukin (IL)- 6, a cytokine related to oxidative homeostasis. Oxidized secondary species, particularly maleic and phthalic anhydrides, were negatively associated with IL-2/IL-8, which changed by - 3.8% to - 16.4% per one-fold increase in the abundance of the secondary source, indicating the immune disorders in response to the oxidized aerosols. Mediation analysis demonstrated the necessity of transformation products between atmospheric oxidation capacity and IL-2/IL-8 inhibition. This study provides new information on particulate electrophilic compounds and highlights the role of atmospheric chemistry in specific immune disorders.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Monitoramento Ambiental , Interleucina-2/análise , Interleucina-8 , Material Particulado/análise , Material Particulado/toxicidade , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/toxicidade
6.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 20(1): 128, 2022 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35279148

RESUMO

Surgeons face great challenges in acquiring high-performance imaging because fluorescence probes with desired thermal stability remains rare. Here, hybrid lead sulfide/zinc sulfide quantum dots (PbS/ZnS QDs) nanostructures emitting in the long-wavelength end of the second near-infrared (NIR-IIb) window were synthesized and conjugated with Ribonuclease-A (RNase A). Such formed RNase A@PbS/ZnS QDs exhibited strong NIR IIb fluorescence and thermal stability, as supported by the photoluminescent emission assessment at different temperatures. This will allow the RNase A@PbS/ZnS QDs to provide stable fluorescence signals for long-time intraoperative imaging navigation, despite often happened, undesirable thermal accumulation in vivo. Compared to NIR-IIa fluorescence imaging, NIR-IIb vascular fluorescence imaging achieved larger penetration depth, higher signal/background ratios and nearly zero endogenous tissue autofluorescence. Moreover, these QDs illustrate the reliability during the real-time and long-time precise assessment of flap perfusion by clearly visualizing microvasculature map. These findings contribute to intraoperative imaging navigation with higher precision and lower risk.


Assuntos
Pontos Quânticos , Microvasos , Pontos Quânticos/química , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Ribonuclease Pancreático , Ribonucleases , Sulfetos , Compostos de Zinco
7.
Sci Total Environ ; 824: 153849, 2022 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35176389

RESUMO

A non-parametric ensemble model was proposed to estimate the long-term (2015-2019) particle surface area concentrations (SA) over China for the first time on basis of a vilification dataset of measured particle number size distribution. This ensemble model showed excellent cross-validation R2 value (CV R2 = 0.83) as well as a relatively low root-mean-square error (RMSE = 195.0 µm2/cm3). No matter in which year, considerable spatial heterogeneity of SA was found over China with higher SA in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH), Yangtze River Delta (YRD), and Middle Lower Reaches of Yangtze River (MLYR). From 2015 to 2019, SA significantly decreased in representative city clusters. The reduction rates were 140.1 µm2·cm-3·a-1 in BTH, 110.7 µm2·cm-3·a-1 in Pearl River Delta (PRD), 105.2 µm2·cm-3·a-1 in YRD, and 92.4 µm2·cm-3·a-1 in Sichuan Basin (SCB), respectively. Even though such quick reduction, high SA (ranged from ~800 µm2/cm3 to ~1750 µm2/cm3) during the heavy pollution period (PM2.5 > 75 µg/m3) still existed in the above-mentioned city clusters and may provide rich reaction vessels for multiphase chemistry. A dichotomy of enhanced annual 4th maximum daily 8-h average O3 concentrations (4MDA8 O3) and decreased SA during summertime was found in Shanghai, a representative city of YRD. In Chengdu (SCB), increased 4MDA8 O3 concentration was associated with a synchronous increase of SA from 2017 to 2019. Differently, 4MDA8 O3 concentrations enhanced in Beijing (BTH) and Guangzhou (PRD), while not significant for SA before 2018. This work will greatly deepen our understanding of the historical variation and spatial distributions of SA over China.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , Pequim , China , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Material Particulado/análise
8.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 36(2): 135-142, 2022 Feb 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35172396

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To summarize the relationship between shoulder instability and superior labrum anterior posterior (SLAP) lesion. METHODS: The characteristics of shoulder instability and SLAP lesion were analyzed, and the relationship between them in pathogenesis, clinical symptoms, and biomechanics was discussed by referring to relevant domestic and foreign literature. RESULTS: Shoulder instability and SLAP lesion can occur both spontaneously and respectively. SLAP lesion destroys the superior labrum integrity and the long head of biceps tendon (LHBT) insertion, causing excessive humeral head displacement against glenoid, and leading to shoulder instability. While chronic repetitive or acute high-energy traumatic shoulder instability can in turn aggravate SLAP lesion, resulting in expansion and increased degree of the original lesion. CONCLUSION: SLAP lesion destroys mechanisms of shoulder stability, while shoulder instability causes tears of the upper labrum and the LHBT, showing a connection between shoulder instability and SLAP lesion. However, the existing evidence can only demonstrate that shoulder instability and SLAP lesion induce and promote the development of each other, instead of a necessary and sufficient condition. Therefore, the specific causal relationship between the two remains unknown and needs to be further studied.


Assuntos
Instabilidade Articular , Lesões do Ombro , Articulação do Ombro , Artroscopia , Humanos , Instabilidade Articular/cirurgia , Escápula , Ombro , Articulação do Ombro/cirurgia
9.
ACS Omega ; 7(5): 4381-4388, 2022 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35155931

RESUMO

Oxygen carriers can significantly enhance the performance of chemical looping combustion at low energy-cost CO2 capture. Based on the density functional theory, a microscopic model of the metal Fe, Al-doped NiO oxygen carrier was established. The results indicate that the intermediate state energy and the reaction energy reduce due to electronic interaction of the Al-doped surface. With the progress of the reaction, the NiO-Al surface promotes the oxidation process of CO, indicating that the activity of the NiO surface enhanced, which is attributed to the electronic and steric effects of the Al-O structure. For the decomposition of CO on the OC surface, doping with other atoms is beneficial to suppress the carbon deposition, which is related to the steric hindrance caused by doping with other atoms. Besides, doping with iron and aluminum atoms is more conducive to the movement of OC bulk crystal lattice oxygen to the surface, thereby promoting subsequent reactions. Therefore, it is feasible to improve the reactivity of the Ni-based OC by doping metal Al, and its modification effect is closely related to the characteristics of the components.

10.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 7(1): 297-299, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35128057

RESUMO

Gymnocypris dobula, classified into the highly specialized Schizothoracine fish, is endemic to Tibet, China. The complete mitochondrial DNA sequence of G. dobula was 16,728 base pairs in length and comprised 22 transfer RNA genes, 13 protein-coding genes, two ribosomal RNA genes as well as one control region as in a typical vertebrate mitochondrial DNA gene. The ML and BI trees showed that G. dobula was most closely related to Gymnocypris scleracanthus within the highly specialized group. This mitogenome provides new molecular data for further taxonomic and phylogenetic studies of Schizothoracine fish.

11.
Am J Sports Med ; 50(4): 1078-1087, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35099310

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Monitoring the fatty infiltration (FI) process in rotator cuff muscles is of value in establishing a treatment plan and predicting the postoperative prognosis. Quantitative T1 mapping shows promise for evaluating muscle degeneration, while its validity in monitoring rotator cuff muscle FI progression needs further investigation. PURPOSE: To determine the validity of T1 mapping in monitoring FI progression of rotator cuff muscles. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats (N = 108) underwent left supraspinatus (SS) and infraspinatus (IS) tenotomy only (TT), suprascapular nerve transection only (NT), or SS and IS tenotomy plus suprascapular nerve transection (TT+NT). Sham surgery on the right shoulder served as the control. The magnetic resonance imaging examination included T1 mapping performed at 12, 16, and 20 weeks postoperation. SS and IS muscles were harvested to quantitatively evaluate FI via direct evaluation (triglyceride quantification assay and histological analysis) at the same predetermined intervals. The correlation of the imaging data with direct evaluation of rotator cuff muscles was analyzed. RESULTS: T1 values were significantly lower in left SS and IS muscles at 12, 16, and 20 weeks postoperation as compared with those on the right side. T1 values of the left SS and IS muscles were continuously decreased in all groups. The TT+NT group had a greater decrease in T1 value than did the TT and NT groups. Triglyceride quantification assay and histological analysis demonstrated significant and progressive FI of the left SS and IS muscles in the 3 groups. The most serious FI changes were observed in the TT+NT group. T1 values were also well correlated with triglyceride contents and area fractions of fat. CONCLUSION: T1 mapping can be an effective imaging modality for sensitive and quantitative monitoring of FI progression in rotator cuff muscles. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The findings of this study provide a tool for researchers to noninvasively and quantitatively monitor the process of muscle degeneration, contributing to the evaluation of surgical indication and postoperative prognosis.


Assuntos
Lesões do Manguito Rotador , Manguito Rotador , Tecido Adiposo/diagnóstico por imagem , Tecido Adiposo/patologia , Animais , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Atrofia Muscular/patologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Manguito Rotador/diagnóstico por imagem , Manguito Rotador/patologia , Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/patologia , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/cirurgia
12.
J Transl Med ; 20(1): 16, 2022 01 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34991592

RESUMO

Multiple myeloma is characterized by osteolytic lesions caused by reduced bone formation and activated bone resorption. An important feature of myeloma is a failure of bone healing after successful treatment. In this work, clinical studies indicated a highly positive correlation between bone marrow bacteria abundance and bone lesion numbers of myeloma patients in complete remission. Coculture experiments demonstrated that marrow Escherichia coli (E. coli) promotes osteoclast differentiation and inhibits osteoblast differentiation. Mechanism studies showed that E. coli lipopolysaccharides (LPS) activated NF-κB p65 signaling and reduced phosphorylated smad1/5/9 binding ability with RUNX2 promoter, leading to decreased RUNX2 expression in osteoblast progenitors. Additionally, LPS enhanced phosphorylated NF-κB p65 binding ability with NFATc1 promoter, leading to increased NFATc1 expression in osteoclast progenitors. In vivo studies revealed E. coli contributes to osteolytic bone lesion, and elimination of E. coli infection assists healing of bone lesion in mouse model of myeloma in complete remission. These findings establish a heretofore unrecognized effect for E. coli in the genesis of myeloma bone disease and suggest a new treatment strategy.


Assuntos
Infecções Bacterianas , Reabsorção Óssea , Mieloma Múltiplo , Osteólise , Animais , Reabsorção Óssea/tratamento farmacológico , Diferenciação Celular , Escherichia coli , Humanos , Camundongos , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Osteoblastos/patologia , Osteoclastos/patologia , Osteólise/complicações , Ligante RANK/metabolismo
13.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; 18(1): 2024063, 2022 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35044877

RESUMO

In recent years, the Global Polio Eradication Initiative has gradually implemented a global shift in polio immunization programs. Few studies cover polio immunization program impacts on the efficacy of other vaccines. This study investigated whether polio immunization programs affected hepatitis A (HepA) and hepatitis B (HepB) vaccination efficacy. Serum samples were collected from 968 infants before the first dose of polio vaccine, 28 days after completing primary polio immunization, and at 24 months old. Infants were classified into six polio immunization program groups: 1sIPV+2bOPV, 2sIPV+1bOPV, 2sIPV+1tOPV, 1cIPV+2bOPV, 2cIPV+1bOPV, and 2cIPV+1tOPV (sIPV: Sabin inactivated poliovirus vaccine; cIPV: Salk inactivated poliovirus vaccine; b, bivalent; t, trivalent; OPV, oral polio vaccine). No significant differences existed in antibody titers against HepA virus (anti-HAV) among the polio immunization program groups at any of the three time points (pre-first dose [p = 0.412], 28 days after primary immunization [p = 0.676], 24 months old [p = 0.556]). Before the first dose (p = 0.178) and at age 24 months (p = 0.987), no significant differences existed in HepB surface antibody (HBsAb) titers between the six polio immunization program groups). Twenty-eight days after primary immunization, no significant difference existed in HBsAb titers between groups after Bonferroni correction. Following HepA and HepB immunization, anti-HAV and HBsAb positivity reached > 98% in all groups, reflecting effective immunization. Our data suggest that different polio immunization programs did not affect HepA and HepB vaccine efficacy; HepA and HepB vaccines maintained high effectiveness irrespective of polio immunization program. This trial was registered on Clinical Trials.gov: NCT03614702.


Assuntos
Hepatite A , Hepatite B , Poliomielite , Poliovirus , Pré-Escolar , Anticorpos Anti-Hepatite A , Hepatite B/prevenção & controle , Anticorpos Anti-Hepatite B , Vacinas contra Hepatite B , Humanos , Programas de Imunização , Esquemas de Imunização , Lactente , Poliomielite/prevenção & controle , Vacina Antipólio de Vírus Inativado , Vacina Antipólio Oral , Vacinação
14.
Int J Biometeorol ; 66(1): 97-110, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34668027

RESUMO

Longevity research is a hot topic in the health field. Considerable research focuses on longevity phenomenon in Bama Yao Autonomous County, which has a typical karst landform and is located in Southwest China. This study aims to illustrate the spatial feature of longevity indicators in other Yao areas, to analyze the correlation between climatic factors and longevity indicators, and to provide new clues and targets for further longevity studies. We collect and integrate population, climate, and terrain data into a spatial database. The main analysis methods include spatial autocorrelation, high/low clustering, and multiscale geographically weighted regression (MGWR). Two longevity clusters are identified in Guijiang River Basin (longevity index (LI%): 2.49 ± 0.63) and Liujiang River Basin (LI%: 2.13 ± 0.60). The spatial distribution of longevity indicators is autocorrelative (Moran's I = 0.652, p < 0.001) and clustered significantly (Z score = 4.268, p < 0.001). MGWR shows that the atmospheric pressure significantly affects the spatial distribution of LI% (estimate value (EV) = - 0.566, p = 0.012), centenarity index (CI%) (EV = - 0.425, p = 0.007), UC (EV = - 0.502, p = 0.006), and CH (EV = - 0.497, p = 0.007). Rainfall significantly affects the spatial distribution of LI% (EV = 0.300, p = 0.003) and CI% (EV = - 0.191, p = 0.016). The spatial distribution of the main longevity indicators shows significant heterogeneity and autocorrelation, and they cluster in the Guijiang River and Liujiang River basins. Atmospheric pressure and rainfall may contribute to the longevity phenomenon through complex mechanisms. The longevity phenomenon in the Yao nationality in Guijiang River Basin requires further study to improve our understanding of the health effect of meteorological, environmental, and social conditions on longevity.


Assuntos
Longevidade , Rios , China , Geografia , Análise Espacial , Regressão Espacial
15.
Pharmacogenet Genomics ; 32(2): 67-71, 2022 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34545025

RESUMO

Metformin is the first-choice oral anti-hyperglycemic drug for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. There are controversies about the association of SLC22A1 rs622342, which was not reported in the Chinese population, and ataxia-telangiectasia mutated (ATM) rs11212617 polymorphisms with metformin efficacy in T2DM. Our study was to investigate the effects of the two single nucleotide polymorphisms on the efficacy of metformin in T2DM of Han nationality in Chaoshan China. After enrollment, 82 newly diagnosed T2DM patients went on 2-month metformin monotherapy. According to BMI before treatment, the patients were divided into a normal weight group (≥18.5 and <25 kg/m2) and an overweight group (BMI ≥ 25 and <30 kg/m2). T-test, Pearson χ2 test, and regression analysis, which adjusted for age, BMI, sex, the dose of metformin, education, tea drink, smoking, and sweet, were used to evaluate the effects of rs622342 and rs11212617 on several variables, such as fasting plasma glucose (FPG). Compared with the AA or CC genotype, patients with AC genotype of rs622342 achieved greater reduction in Δ60FPG and Δ(60-30)FPG (P = 0.00820, 0.00089, respectively). For 11212617, the reduction in Δ30FPG and Δ60FPG was significantly different among patients with the AC genotype (P = 0.00026, 0.00820, respectively). Our results indicated that common variants of SLC22A1 rs622342 and ATM rs11212617 were associated with the efficacy of metformin in T2DM of Han nationality in Chaoshan China.


Assuntos
Ataxia Telangiectasia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Metformina , Proteínas Mutadas de Ataxia Telangiectasia/genética , Glicemia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Metformina/uso terapêutico , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética
16.
Sci Total Environ ; 808: 152122, 2022 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34871687

RESUMO

Formaldehyde (HCHO) can possibly be taken by atmospheric particles due to its moderate solubility. Although previous model studies have proposed that uptake by particles was a large sink for HCHO, direct observation of HCHO partitioning and estimation of HCHO uptake coefficient (γ) for tropospheric conditions are still limited. In this work, online measurements of gaseous HCHO (HCHOg) and particulate HCHO (HCHOp) were carried out simultaneously at an urban site in Beijing in winter and spring. The results indicated that the average concentrations of HCHOp ranged from 0.15 to 0.4 µg m-3, accounting for 1.2% to 10% of the total HCHO (i.e., HCHOg + HCHOp). The median values of estimated γ based on the measured data were in the range of about 1.09 ∗ 10-5-2.42 ∗ 10-4, with lower values during PM2.5 pollution episodes. Besides, the pH and liquid water content of aerosols that are mainly determined by ambient relative humidity (RH) and inorganic salt composition were identified as the main influencing factors of γ. We propose that the HCHO uptake process was mainly driven by hydrone and hydrogen ions in particles.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Gases , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poeira , Monitoramento Ambiental , Formaldeído/análise , Gases/análise , Material Particulado/análise
17.
Acta Biomater ; 140: 233-246, 2022 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34852300

RESUMO

Ligament injuries are common in sports and other rigorous activities. It is a great challenge to achieve ligament regeneration after an injury due the avascular structure and low self-renewal capability. Herein, we developed vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-binding aligned electrospun poly(caprolactone)/gelatin (PCL/Gel) scaffolds by incorporating prominin-1-binding peptide (BP) sequence and exploited them for patellar ligament regeneration. The adsorption of BP onto scaffolds was discerned by various techniques, such as Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and confocal laser scanning microscope. The accumulation of VEGF onto scaffolds correlated with the concentration of the peptide in vitro. BP-anchored PCL/Gel scaffolds (BP@PCL/Gel) promoted the tubular formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and wound healing in vitro. Besides, BP containing scaffolds exhibited higher content of CD31+ cells than that of the control scaffolds at 1 week after implantation in vivo. Moreover, BP containing scaffolds improved biomechanical properties and facilitated the regeneration of matured collagen in patellar ligament 4 weeks after implantation in mice. Overall, this strategy of peptide-mediated orchestration of VEGF provides an enticing platform for the ligament regeneration, which may also have broad implications for tissue repair applications. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Ligament injuries are central to sports and other rigorous activities. Given to the avascular nature and poor self-healing capability of injured ligament tissues, it is a burgeoning challenge to fabricate tissue-engineered scaffolds for ligament reconstruction. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is pivotal to the neo-vessel formation. However, the high molecular weight of VEGF as well as its short half-life in vitro and in vivo limits its therapeutic potential. To circumvent these limitations, herein, we functionalized aligned electrospun polycaprolactone/gelatin (PCL/Gel)-based scaffolds with VEGF-binding peptide (BP) and assessed their biocompatibility and performance in vitro and in vivo. BP-modified scaffolds accumulated VEGF, improved tube formation of HUVECs, and induced wound healing in vitro, which may have broad implications for regenerative medicine and tissue engineering.


Assuntos
Nanofibras , Ligamento Patelar , Animais , Gelatina/química , Gelatina/farmacologia , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Humanos , Camundongos , Nanofibras/química , Poliésteres/química , Poliésteres/farmacologia , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos , Tecidos Suporte/química , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/farmacologia , Cicatrização
18.
Animals (Basel) ; 11(12)2021 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34944367

RESUMO

The control of pre-implantation development in mammals undergoes a maternal-to-zygotic transition (MZT) after fertilization. The transition involves maternal clearance and zygotic genome activation remodeling the terminal differentiated gamete to confer totipotency. In the study, we first determined the profile of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) of mature rabbit oocyte, 2-cell, 4-cell, 8-cell, and morula embryos using RNA-seq. A total of 2673 known rabbit lncRNAs were identified. The lncRNAs exhibited dynamic expression patterns during pre-implantation development. Moreover, 107 differentially expressed lncRNAs (DE lncRNAs) were detected between mature oocyte and 2-cell embryo, while 419 DE lncRNAs were detected between 8-cell embryo and morula, consistent with the occurrence of minor and major zygotic genome activation (ZGA) wave of rabbit pre-implanted embryo. This study then predicted the potential target genes of DE lncRNAs based on the trans-regulation mechanism of lncRNAs. The GO and KEGG analyses showed that lncRNAs with stage-specific expression patterns promoted embryo cleavage and synchronic development by regulating gene transcription and translation, intracellular metabolism and organelle organization, and intercellular signaling transduction. The correlation analysis between mRNAs and lncRNAs identified that lncRNAs ENSOCUG00000034943 and ENSOCUG00000036338 may play a vital role in the late-period pre-implantation development by regulating ILF2 gene. This study also found that the sequential degradation of maternal lncRNAs occurred through maternal and zygotic pathways. Furthermore, the function analysis of the late-degraded lncRNAs suggested that these lncRNAs may play a role in the mRNA degradation in embryos via mRNA surveillance pathway. Therefore, this work provides a global view of known lncRNAs in rabbit pre-implantation development and highlights the role of lncRNAs in embryogenesis regulation.

19.
Biology (Basel) ; 10(11)2021 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34827171

RESUMO

Brown adipose tissues (BATs) convert to a "white-like" phenotype with age, which is also known as "aging-related BAT whitening (ARBW)". Emerging evidence suggested that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) were widely involved in adipose biology. Rabbit is an ideal model for studying the dynamics of ARBW. In this study, we performed histological analysis and strand-specific RNA-sequencing (ssRNA-seq) of rabbit interscapular adipose tissues (iATs). Our data indicated that the rabbit iATs underwent the ARBW from 0 days to 2 years and a total of 2281 novel lncRNAs were identified in the iATs. The classical rabbit BATs showed low lncRNA transcriptional complexity compared to white adipose tissues (WATs). A total of 631 differentially expressed lncRNAs (DELs) were identified in four stages. The signal pathways of purine metabolism, Wnt signaling pathway, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) signaling pathway, cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP)/cGMP-dependent protein kinase (cGMP-PKG) signaling pathway and lipid and atherosclerosis were significantly enriched by the DELs with unique expression patterns. A novel lncRNA that was highly expressed in the iATs of aged rabbits was validated to impair brown adipocyte differentiation in vitro. Our study provided a comprehensive catalog of lncRNAs involved in ARBW in rabbits, which facilitates a better understanding of adipose biology.

20.
Genes (Basel) ; 12(11)2021 11 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34828436

RESUMO

Lactation persistency and milk production are among the most economically important traits in the dairy industry. In this study, we explored the association of over 6.1 million imputed whole-genome sequence variants with lactation persistency (LP), milk yield (MILK), fat yield (FAT), fat percentage (FAT%), protein yield (PROT), and protein percentage (PROT%) in North American Holstein cattle. We identified 49, 3991, 2607, 4459, 805, and 5519 SNPs significantly associated with LP, MILK, FAT, FAT%, PROT, and PROT%, respectively. Various known associations were confirmed while several novel candidate genes were also revealed, including ARHGAP35, NPAS1, TMEM160, ZC3H4, SAE1, ZMIZ1, PPIF, LDB2, ABI3, SERPINB6, and SERPINB9 for LP; NIM1K, ZNF131, GABRG1, GABRA2, DCHS1, and SPIDR for MILK; NR6A1, OLFML2A, EXT2, POLD1, GOT1, and ETV6 for FAT; DPP6, LRRC26, and the KCN gene family for FAT%; CDC14A, RTCA, HSTN, and ODAM for PROT; and HERC3, HERC5, LALBA, CCL28, and NEURL1 for PROT%. Most of these genes are involved in relevant gene ontology (GO) terms such as fatty acid homeostasis, transporter regulator activity, response to progesterone and estradiol, response to steroid hormones, and lactation. The significant genomic regions found contribute to a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms related to LP and milk production in North American Holstein cattle.


Assuntos
Bovinos/genética , Lactação/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Animais , Bovinos/fisiologia , Feminino , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/veterinária
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...