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1.
Hepatol Commun ; 5(6): 961-975, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34141983

RESUMO

Alcohol-associated liver disease (ALD) is caused by alcohol metabolism's effects on the liver. The underlying mechanisms from a metabolic view in the development of alcohol-associated liver cirrhosis (ALC) are still elusive. We performed an untargeted serum metabolomic analysis in 14 controls, 16 patients with ALD without cirrhosis (NC), 27 patients with compensated cirrhosis, and 79 patients with decompensated ALC. We identified two metabolic fingerprints associated with ALC development (38 metabolites) and those associated with hepatic decompensation (64 metabolites) in ALC. The cirrhosis-associated fingerprint (eigenmetabolite) showed a better capability to differentiate ALC from NC than the aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index score. The eigenmetabolite associated with hepatic decompensation showed an increasing trend during the disease progression and was positively correlated with the Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score. These metabolic fingerprints belong to the metabolites in lipid metabolism, amino acid pathway, and intermediary metabolites in the tricarboxylic acid cycle. Conclusion: The metabolomic fingerprints suggest the disturbance of the metabolites associated with cellular energy supply as an underlying mechanism in the development and progression of alcoholic cirrhosis.

2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(10): 2556-2564, 2021 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34047103

RESUMO

Based on the heat-clearing and detoxifying effects of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma, the network pharmacology is mainly used to predict the potential targets of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma for anti-inflammatory activity and to perform the experimental verification. A method for detecting the biological potency of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma based on verifiable targets has been established to provide a reference for improving the quality evaluation and control standards of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma. High performance liquid chromatography can be used to construct chemical fingerprints of different batches of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma. Constructing a component-target-disease network of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma for its anti-inflammatory activity was applied to screen potential anti-inflammatory components and related targets of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma, and to verify the target of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma by using biological evaluation methods. Detecting the biological potency of different batches of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma extracts was used to inhibit COX-2 enzyme activity based the verifiable target cyclooxygenase-2(COX-2). The results showed that different batches of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma accorded with the pharmacopoeia testing regulations, and the chemical fingerprints have a high similarity(similarity>0.93), suggesting that there is no significant difference in the characteristics of the chemical components. Based on network pharmacology predictions, 18 candidate targets were found to have potential direct interactions with the ingredients in Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma. Among them, the most important target is COX-2. Based on the experimental verification of recombinant human COX-2 protease activity inhibition, Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma can inhibit the COX-2 enzyme activity in a dose-dependent manner. It can function with a low concentration(0.75 mg·mL~(-1)), which preliminarily confirmed the accuracy of network pharmacology prediction. The biological potency detection method of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma based on COX-2 inhibitory activity was optimized and established. The qualitative response parallel line method was used to calculate the biological potency of anti-inflammatory activity, which ranged from 23.04 to 46.60 U·mg~(-1). For network pharmacology prediction, it can screen and clarify the possible targets of traditional Chinese medicine rapidly, which can guide the establishment of a biological evaluation method for the quality of medicinal materials with related activities. Compared with chemical fingerprints, the biological potency testing can better detect quality fluctuations of traditional Chinese medicine.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Bioensaio , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Controle de Qualidade , Rizoma
3.
Biomed Chromatogr ; 35(9): e5140, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33830528

RESUMO

Owing to the complexity of the composition of herbal and dietary supplements, it is a challenging problem to efficiently screen and identify active or toxic compounds. Psoralea corylifolia L. (PCL) was selected as the subbject to establish a methodology for rapid screening and identification of hepatotoxic compounds. High-content imaging, ultra-performance liquid chromatography and high-resolution mass spectrometry were used in this study to detect the hepatotoxicity and identify unknown compounds in PCL samples. Then, putative toxic compounds which are highly related to hepatotoxicity were screened by spectrum-toxicity correlation analysis, and the toxicity intensity verified by high-content imaging. The maximum nontoxic dose of processed samples with good detoxification effect reduced more than 9 times compared with unprocessed raw medicinal materials. Spectrum-toxicity correlation analysis showed that bavachinin A, bavachin, isobavachalcone and neobavaisoflavone had high correlation with the hepatotoxicity of PCL, and psoralen and isopsoralen had low correlation with hepatotoxicity. This study verified the hepatotoxicity of these six putative compound monomers, proving the results of spectrum-toxicity correlation analysis. Based on the correlation analysis of high-resolution mass spectrometry of detection compounds and high-content imaging of hepatocyte toxicity data, the potential toxic compound of herbal and dietary supplement products can be quickly and accurately screened.


Assuntos
Suplementos Nutricionais/toxicidade , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/toxicidade , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Psoralea/química , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Ficusina/toxicidade , Flavonoides/toxicidade , Humanos , Isoflavonas/toxicidade , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Imagem Molecular/métodos
4.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 640799, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33855035

RESUMO

Background: Chronic drug-induced liver injury (DILI) occurs in up to 20% of all DILI patients. It presents a chronic pattern with persistent or relapsed episodes and may even progress to cirrhosis. However, its underlying development mechanism is poorly understood. Aims: To find serum metabolite signatures of chronic DILI with or without cirrhosis, and to elucidate the underlying mechanism. Methods: Untargeted metabolomics coupled with pattern recognition approaches were used to profile and extract metabolite signatures from 83 chronic DILI patients, including 58 non-cirrhosis (NC) cases, 14 compensated cirrhosis (CC) cases, and 11 decompensated cirrhosis (DC) cases. Results: Of the 269 annotated metabolites associated with chronic DILI, metabolic fingerprints associated with cirrhosis (including 30 metabolites) and decompensation (including 25 metabolites), were identified. There was a significantly positive correlation between cirrhosis-associated fingerprint (eigenmetabolite) and the aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI) (r = 0.315, P = 0.003). The efficacy of cirrhosis-associated eigenmetabolite coupled with APRI to identify cirrhosis from non-cirrhosis patients was significantly better than APRI alone [area under the curve (AUC) value 0.914 vs. 0.573]. The decompensation-associated fingerprint (eigenmetabolite) can effectively identify the compensation and decompensation periods (AUC value 0.954). The results of the metabolic fingerprint pathway analysis suggest that the blocked tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA cycle) and intermediary metabolism, excessive accumulation of bile acids, and perturbed amino acid metabolism are potential mechanisms in the occurrence and development of chronic DILI-associated cirrhosis. Conclusions: The metabolomic fingerprints characterize different stages of chronic DILI progression and deepen the understanding of the metabolic reprogramming mechanism of chronic DILI progression to cirrhosis.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33927776

RESUMO

Fuke Qianjin Capsule (FKQJ) is a common TCM compound formula in the treatment of gynecological inflammation-related diseases. This study intends to explore and establish a bioassay method to further improve its quality control. The bioassay method for the determination of anti-inflammatory biopotency was established based on its inhibitory activity on recombinant human cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), an active target of FKQJ in the treatment of female pelvic inflammatory disease. We firstly established chemical fingerprint of 20 batches of FKQJ by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography to identify the components and analyze the chemical similarities. The similarity within different batches of FKQJ was relatively high. The values of similarity of the 19 batches were between 0.973 and 0.995, while one batch's similarity value was 0.813. Celecoxib, a selective inhibitor of COX-2, was chosen as the positive control drug in COX-2 activity assay to establish an anti-inflammatory biopotency detection method based on parallel line test of qualitative response. The methodological investigation showed that the method possessed good repeatability and precision. Secondly, the anti-inflammatory biopotency of 20 batches of FKQJ for inhibiting COX-2 was determined. The results showed that the biopotency of different batches of FKQJ ranged from 676 U/µg to 1310 U/µg, with average value of 918 U/µg and RSD of 16.7%. Based on multiple linear regression analysis, we found that three contents were highly correlated with the anti-inflammatory biopotency, while chlorogenic acid was validated of the strongest anti-inflammatory activity in vitro. Compared with chemical detection, bioassay can better reflect the quality fluctuation of different batches of products and correlate the known pharmacodynamic targets. The supplement of the bioassay method based on chemical evaluation is helpful to improve the quality control ability of Chinese patent medicine and ensure its clinical efficacy is stable and controllable.

6.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 644376, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33777984

RESUMO

Objectives: Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) can progress into severe outcomes, i.e., decompensated cirrhosis, from remarkable and persistent inflammation in the liver. Considering the energy-expending nature of inflammation, we tried to define the metabolomics signatures of AIH to uncover the underlying mechanisms of cirrhosis development and its metabolic biomarkers. Methods: Untargeted metabolomics analysis was performed on sera samples from 79 AIH patients at the stages (phenotypes) of non-cirrhosis (n = 27), compensated cirrhosis (n = 22), and decompensated cirrhosis (n = 30). Pattern recognition was used to find unique metabolite fingerprints of cirrhosis with or without decompensation. Results: Out of the 294 annotated metabolites identified, 2 metabolic fingerprints were found associated with the development of cirrhosis (independent of the decompensated state, 42 metabolites) and the evolution of decompensated cirrhosis (out of 47 metabolites), respectively. The cirrhosis-associated fingerprints (eigenmetabolite) showed better capability to differentiate cirrhosis from non-cirrhosis patients than the aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index. From the metabolic fingerprints, we found two pairs of metabolites (Mesobilirubinogen/6-Hydroxynicotinic acid and LysoPA(8:0/0:0)/7alpha-Hydroxycholesterol) calculated as ratio of intensities, which revealed robust abilities to identify cirrhosis or predict decompensated patients, respectively. These phenotype-related fingerprint metabolites featured fundamental energy supply disturbance along with the development of AIH cirrhosis and progression to decompensation, which was characterized as increased lipolysis, enhanced proteolysis, and increased glycolysis. Conclusions: Remodeling of metabolism to meet the liver inflammation-related energy supply is one of the key signatures of AIH in the development of cirrhosis and decompensation. Therefore, drug regulation metabolism has great potential in the treatment of AIH.

7.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 7: 592434, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33330552

RESUMO

Aim: The diagnosis of drug-induced liver injury (DILI) remains a challenge and the cases of Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. (PM) induced DILI (PM-DILI) have received much attention This study aimed to identify a simple and high-efficiency approach to PM-DILI diagnosis via metabolomics analysis. Methods: Plasma metabolites in 13 PM-DILI patients were profiled by liquid chromatography along with high-resolution mass spectrometry. Meanwhile, the metabolic characteristics of the PM-DILI were compared with that of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH), hepatitis B (HBV), and healthy volunteers. Results: Twenty-four metabolites were identified to present significantly different levels in PM-DILI patients compared with HBV and AIH groups. These metabolites were enriched into glucose, amino acids, and sphingolipids metabolisms. Among these essential metabolites, the ratios of P-cresol sulfate vs. phenylalanine and inosine vs. bilirubin were further selected using a stepwise decision tree to construct a classification model in order to differentiate PM-DILI from HBV and AIH. The model was highly effective with sensitivity of 92.3% and specificity of 88.9%. Conclusions: This study presents an integrated view of the metabolic features of PM-DILI induced by herbal medicine, and the four-metabolite decision tree technique imparts a potent tool in clinical diagnosis.

8.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 48(2): 290-2, 2012 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22101353

RESUMO

A newly designed PE-supported arsine has been developed as an excellent catalyst for catalytic Wittig-type olefination. Simple ketones, in particular inactive ketones prove to be suitable substrates for the first time. This reaction provides an easy access to di-, tri-, and tetra-substituted olefins in high yield.

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