Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 938
Filtrar
1.
Water Sci Technol ; 84(7): 1566-1578, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34662297

RESUMO

With the implementation of low impact development (LID) in urban areas, it is necessary to quantify the actual effectiveness of LID facilities. In this study, a coupled hydrology-hydrodynamic numerical model was utilized to investigate the runoff control effectiveness of permeable pavements in the city centre of Shijiazhuang, China. Two groups of designed rainfall events with the same duration but different rainfall amounts and peak rainfall intensity locations were presented, and the effectiveness of permeable pavement was demonstrated by the reduction in the total runoff volume, water depth, and inundated area. The results indicate that the rainfall amount is the main factor affecting the runoff control of permeable pavements, and their effectiveness decreases with increasing rainfall amounts and peak intensity coefficients. Moreover, permeable pavements are more effective in reducing the residential waterlogging area, and the proportion of the inundated area above a depth of 0.2 m is considerably diminished. This study reveals the response of the runoff control of permeable pavements to different rainfall patterns, which is essential for supporting the design and practical operation of permeable pavements.

2.
Environ Sci Technol ; 55(20): 14194-14203, 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34618424

RESUMO

Chlorinated organic pollutants are highly toxic and widespread in the environment, which cause ecological risk and threaten the human health. Chlorinated pollutants are difficult to degrade and mineralize by the conventional advanced oxidation process as the C-Cl bond is resistant to reactive oxygen species oxidation. Herein, we designed a bifunctional Fe/Cu bimetallic single-atom catalyst anchored on N-doped porous carbon (FeCuSA-NPC) for the electro-Fenton process, in which chlorinated pollutants are dechlorinated on single-atom Cu and subsequently oxidized by the ·OH radical produced from O2 conversion on single-atom Fe. Benefitting from the synergistic effect between dechlorination on single-atom Cu and ·OH oxidation on single-atom Fe, the chlorinated organic pollutants can be efficiently degraded and mineralized. The mass activity for chlorinated organic pollutant degradation by FeCuSA-NPC is 545.1-1374 min-1 gmetal-1, excessing the highest value of the reported electrocatalyst. Moreover, FeCuSA-NPC is demonstrated to be pH-universal, long-term stable, and environment friendly. This work provides a new insight into the rational design of a bifunctional electrocatalyst for efficient removal of chlorinated organic pollutants.

3.
Anal Chem ; 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34643370

RESUMO

Single-cell-based genomics and transcriptomics analysis have revealed substantial cellular heterogeneity among seemingly identical cells. Knowledge of the cellular heterogeneity at multiomics levels is vital for a better understanding of tumor metastasis and drug resistance, stem cell differentiation, and embryonic development. However, unlike genomics and transcriptomics studies, single-cell characterization of metabolites, proteins, and post-translational modifications at the omics level remains challenging due to the lack of amplification methods and the wide diversity of these biomolecules. Therefore, new tools that are capable of investigating these unamplifiable "omes" from the same single cells are in high demand. In this work, a microwell chip was prepared and the internal surface was modified for hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography-based tandem extraction of metabolites and proteins and subsequent protein digestion. Next, direct electrospray ionization mass spectrometry was adopted for single-cell metabolome identification, and a data-independent acquisition-mass spectrometry approach was established for simultaneous proteome profiling and phosphoproteome analysis without phosphopeptide enrichment. This integrated strategy resulted in 132 putatively annotated compounds, more than 1200 proteins, and the first large-scale phosphorylation data set from single-cell analysis. Application of this strategy in chemical perturbation studies provides a multiomics view of cellular changes, demonstrating its capability for more comprehensive investigation of cellular heterogeneity.

4.
Cell Death Discov ; 7(1): 283, 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635646

RESUMO

With the development of sequencing technology, a large number of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been identified in addition to coding genes. LncRNAs, originally considered as junk RNA, are dysregulated in various types of cancer. Although protein-coding signaling pathways underlie various biological activities, and abnormal signal transduction is a key trigger and indicator for tumorigenesis and cancer progression, lncRNAs are sparking keen interest due to their versatile roles in fine-tuning signaling pathways. We are just beginning to scratch the surface of lncRNAs. Therefore, despite the fact that lncRNAs drive malignant phenotypes from multiple perspectives, in this review, we focus on important signaling pathways modulated by lncRNAs in cancer to demonstrate an up-to-date understanding of this emerging field.

5.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(39): 46671-46680, 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34569779

RESUMO

Sb2Se3, one of the most desirable absorption materials for next-generation thin-film solar cells, has an excellent photovoltaic characteristic. The [hk1]-oriented (quasi-vertically oriented) Sb2Se3 thin film is more beneficial for promoting efficient carrier transport than the [hk0]-oriented Sb2Se3 thin film. Controlling thin-film orientation remains the main obstacle to the further improvement in the efficiency of Sb2Se3-based solar cells. In this work, the controlled [hk0] or [hk1] orientation of the Sb2Se3 precursor is readily adjusted by tuning the substrate temperature and the distance between the source and the sample in close-space sublimation (CSS). Well-crystallized stoichiometric Sb2Se3 thin films with the desired orientation and large crystal grains are successfully prepared after selenization. Sb2Se3 thin-film solar cells in a substrate configuration of glass/Mo/Sb2Se3/CdS/ITO/Ag are fabricated with a power conversion efficiency of 4.86% with a record open-circuit voltage (VOC) of 509 mV. The significant improvement in VOC is closely related to the quasi-vertically oriented Sb2Se3 absorber layer with reduced deep-level defect density in the bulk and defect passivation at the Sb2Se3/CdS heterojunction. This work indicates that CSS and selenization show a remarkable potential for the fabrication of high-efficiency Sb2Se3 solar cells.

6.
Planta ; 254(5): 87, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34585280

RESUMO

MAIN CONCLUSION: The seed coat gene VviAGL11 coordinates with endosperm development genes FIS2, PHERESE1 and IKU2 and functions as the key regulator in seed development and abortion processes in grapevine. Seed development is essential for the reproduction of flowering plants. Seed abortion is a specific characteristic that produces seedless berries and is often observed in cultivated grapevines. Although seedlessness is an important trait for table and dried grapevine production, the mechanism of seed abortion remains poorly understood. This research aimed to analyze the co-expression of the seed coat development gene VviAGL11 and the endosperm development genes FERTILIZATION INDEPENDENT SEED2 (FIS2), PHERESE1 and HAIKU2 (IKU2) that regulate seedless fruit development in grapevine. The transcript levels of VviAGL11, FIS2, PHERESE1 and IKU2 all decreased during seed abortion in the seedless grape 'Thompson Seedless' plants, compared to those of the seeded grape 'Pinot Noir'. The transcript levels of the salicylic acid (SA)-dependent defense response genes EDS1, NPR1, NDR1 and SID2 were higher in 'Thompson Seedless' than 'Pinot Noir' during seed development. Also, WRKY3, WRKY6 and WRKY52, which participate in the SA pathway, were higher expressed in 'Thompson Seedless' than in 'Pinot Noir', indicating that SA-dependent defense responses may regulate seed abortion. The genes related to synthesis and metabolism of gibberellic acid (GA) and abscisic acid (ABA) also showed differential expression between 'Thompson Seedless' and 'Pinot Noir'. Exogenous applications of plant growth regulators (PGRs) to inflorescences of three stenospermocarpy grapevines before flowering showed that GA3 was critical prominently in seed development. Therefore, the co-expression of seed coat and endosperm development-related genes, SA pathway genes, and genes for the synthesis and metabolism of GA3 together enhance seed abortion in seedless grapes.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Vitis , Endosperma/genética , Reprodução , Sementes/genética , Vitis/genética
7.
Cancer Lett ; 521: 308-321, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480971

RESUMO

Endometrial cancer represents one of the most common gynecological tumors in the world. Advanced and relapsed patients rely on drug therapy. Therefore, it is extremely important to seek more effective targeted drugs. This study found that esculetin has an anti-tumor effect on endometrial cancer through cellular proliferation and apoptosis. At the same time, its anti-tumor effect has also been verified in human endometrial cancer xenograft models in nude mice. Western blot results showed that BCLXL, XIAP, and pAKT protein expression level were down-regulated. A pulldown experiment and LC-MS/MS analysis technology revealed that esculetin targets the hnRNPA1 protein. Cellular proliferation experiments following si-hnRNPA1 transfection verified the tumor-promoting effect of hnRNPA1 in endometrial cancer cells. Nuclear and cytoplasmic separation experiment demonstrated esculetin affecting the export of the hnRNPA1/mRNA complex from the nucleus into the cytoplasm. Thus, esculetin targets hnRNPA1, thereby downregulates BCLXL and XIAP mRNA transcription and translation, resulting in apoptosis and an arrest in proliferation.

8.
J Affect Disord ; 295: 711-716, 2021 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517244

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stressful life events are known as risk factors for depression, though there is considerable heterogeneity in how people respond to stress. Previous studies have found an association between experience of stressful life events and the personality trait of openness to experience, which itself has been associated with intelligence, creativity, risk-taking, and other clinically relevant behaviors. In this study we explore the association between stressful life events and openness to experience as a potential developmental pathway to depression in the Amish and Mennonites, rural populations with high degree of social and environmental homogeneity. METHODS: Participants in the Amish Connectome Project (n=531) were assessed with the NEO personality inventory, Beck Depression Inventory, Maryland Trait and State Depression scales, a Life Stressors Inventory, and cognitive tests. RESULTS: We found that stressful life events were significantly associated with openness to experience; that participants with a history of depression exhibited higher levels of openness; and that openness to experience was related to overall intelligence but not processing speed or working memory. We found evidence that openness to experience partially mediates the relationship between stressful life events and depression. LIMITATIONS: This was a cross-sectional study, limiting interpretation of causal pathways. High levels of inter-relatedness among participants may have led to exaggerated effects compared to the general population. CONCLUSIONS: Together these findings indicate a complex developmental influence of major stressful life events, which paradoxically by enhancing openness may be associated with both greater intellectual engagement as well as psychopathology.

9.
Front Psychol ; 12: 619303, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34484020

RESUMO

Even though the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has limited consumption, individuals continue to plan post-pandemic consumption activities to get rid of the stress caused by consumption repression. Building on Maslow's theory of needs and Herzberg's two-factor theory, our research categorizes consumption into fundamental ("must-have" products that fulfill the physical needs of individuals), hygiene (maintaining the security needs of consumers), and motivational consumption (enhancing well-being of individuals). Based on empirical data of purchase behavior and consumption expectation before, during, and after the pandemic in China, we identify how consumption repression induces psychological distress, via a sense of feeling threatened, lacking control, or lacking freedom, and how the expectation of future consumption alleviates that stress. Results show that fundamental consumption leads to psychological distress; hygiene consumption can both result in and reduce stress; and motivational consumption can reduce stress. Our findings provide new insights into the relationship between consumption and psychological distress through new theoretical formulations. The results can be applied by marketers attempting to understand purchase decision-making and by policymakers supporting both citizens and commerce during social emergencies.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481810

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The treatment of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) is greatly challenging for surgeons. In this study, we reviewed patients with MRONJ treated in our hospital in the past 5 years and explored the risk factors of recurrence. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted to review the patients with MRONJ from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2020. All patients received a monthly intravenous application of zoledronic acid. The primary outcome variable was the treatment outcome during follow-up. The predictor variables were local and systemic factors related to the treatment outcome. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the risk factors of recurrence after MRONJ treatment. RESULTS: A total of 58 patients (62 sites) were included in this study. In multivariate regression analysis, the risk factor associated with recurrence after MRONJ treatment was the duration of medication of more than 18 months (odds ratio = 7.346; 95% confidence interval: 1.461-36.946; P = .016). CONCLUSIONS: Using zoledronic acid over 18 months may increase the risk of recurrence in MRONJ patients.

12.
Redox Biol ; 47: 102138, 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34555595

RESUMO

Growing evidence implicates an association between psychosocial stress and oxidative stress (OxSt) although there are not yet reliable biomarkers to study this association. We used a Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) and compared the response of a healthy control group (HC; N=10) against the response of a schizophrenia group (SCZ; N=10) that is expected to have higher levels of OxSt. Because our previous study showed inconsistent changes in conventional molecular markers for stress responses in the neuroendocrine and immune systems, we analyzed the same serum samples using a separate reducing capacity assay that provides a more global measurement of OxSt. This assay uses the moderately strong oxidizing agent iridium (Ir) to probe a sample's reducing capacity. Specifically, we characterized OxSt by this Ir-reducing capacity assay (Ir-RCA) using two measurement modalities (optical and electrochemical) and we tuned this assay by imposing an input voltage sequence that generates multiple output metrics for data-driven analysis. We defined five OxSt metrics (one optical and four electrochemical metrics) and showed: (i) internal consistency among each metric in the measurements of all 40 samples (baseline and post TSST for N=20); (ii) all five metrics were consistent with expectations of higher levels of OxSt for the SCZ group (three individual metrics showed statistically significant differences); and (iii) all five metrics showed higher levels of OxSt Post-TSST (one metric showed statistically significant difference). Using multivariant analysis, we showed that combinations of OxSt metrics could discern statistically significant increases in OxSt for both the SCZ and HC groups 90 min after the imposed acute psychosocial stress.

13.
Biometrics ; 2021 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34374075

RESUMO

Group-level brain connectome analysis has attracted increasing interest in neuropsychiatric research with the goal of identifying connectomic subnetworks (subgraphs) that are systematically associated with brain disorders. However, extracting disease-related subnetworks from the whole brain connectome has been challenging, because no prior knowledge is available regarding the sizes and locations of the subnetworks. In addition, neuroimaging data are often mixed with substantial noise that can further obscure informative subnetwork detection. We propose a likelihood-based adaptive dense subgraph discovery (ADSD) model to extract disease-related subgraphs from the group-level whole brain connectome data. Our method is robust to both false positive and false negative errors of edge-wise inference and thus can lead to a more accurate discovery of latent disease-related connectomic subnetworks. We develop computationally efficient algorithms to implement the novel ADSD objective function and derive theoretical results to guarantee the convergence properties. We apply the proposed approach to a brain fMRI study for schizophrenia research and identify well-organized and biologically meaningful subnetworks that exhibit schizophrenia-related salience network centered connectivity abnormality. Analysis of synthetic data also demonstrates the superior performance of the ADSD method for latent subnetwork detection in comparison with existing methods in various settings.

14.
Pathol Oncol Res ; 27: 1609784, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34366718

RESUMO

Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common human malignancy worldwide. The prognosis of patients is largely frustrated by delayed diagnosis or misdiagnosis. DNA methylation alterations have been previously proved to be involved in CRC carcinogenesis. Methods: In this study, we proposed to identify CRC-related diagnostic biomarkers by analyzing DNA methylation and gene expression profiles. TCGA-COAD datasets downloaded from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) were used as the training set to screen differential expression genes (DEGs) and methylation CpG sites (dmCpGs) in CRC samples. A logistic regression model was constructed based on hyper-methylated CpG sites which were located in downregulated genes for CRC diagnosis. Another two independent datasets from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) were used as a testing set to evaluate the performance of the model in CRC diagnosis. Results: We found that CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) was a potential signature of poor prognosis by dividing CRC samples into CIMP and noCIMP groups based on a set of CpG sites with methylation standard deviation (sd) > 0.2 among CRC samples and low methylation levels (mean ß < 0.05) in adjacent samples. Hyper-methylated CpGs tended to be more closed to CpG island (CGI) and transcription start site (TSS) relative to hypo-methylated CpGs (p-value < 0.05, Fisher exact test). A logistic regression model was finally constructed based on two hyper-methylated CpGs, which had an area under receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.98 in the training set, and 0.85 and 0.95 in the two independent testing sets. Conclusions: In conclusion, our study identified promising DNA methylation biomarkers for CRC diagnosis.

15.
Front Public Health ; 9: 678681, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34368053

RESUMO

Aim: This case-control study aimed to investigate the interrelations of body measurements and selected biomarkers in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: We recruited 98 patients with T2DM and 98 controls from 2016 to 2018 in Taiwan. Body measurements were obtained using a three-dimensional body surface scanning system. Four biomarkers related to insulin resistance, adipokines, and inflammation were assayed. A multiple logistic regression model was used to perform multivariable analyses. Results: Four body measurements, namely waist circumference (odds ratio, OR = 1.073; 95% confidence interval, CI = 1.017-1.133), forearm circumference (OR = 1.227; 95% CI = 1.002-1.501), thigh circumference (OR = 0.841; 95% CI = 0.73-0.969), and calf circumference (OR = 1.25; 95% CI = 1.076-1.451), were significantly associated with T2DM. Leptin (OR = 1.09; 95% CI = 1.036-1.146) and adiponectin (OR = 0.982; 95% CI = 0.967-0.997) were significantly associated with T2DM. Six body measurement combinations, namely body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio, waist-to-height ratio, waist-to-thigh ratio, forearm-to-thigh ratio, and calf-to-thigh ratio (CTR), were significantly associated with T2DM. CTR had the strongest linear association with T2DM. Moderating effects of significant biomarkers, namely leptin and adiponectin, were observed. Participants with high leptin-to-adiponectin ratios and in the fourth CTR quartile were 162.2 times more prone to develop T2DM. Conclusions: We concluded that a combination of leptin and adiponectin modulated the strength of the association between body measurements and T2DM while providing clues for high-risk group identification and mechanistic conjectures of preventing T2DM.


Assuntos
Adiponectina , Antropometria , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Leptina , Adiponectina/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Humanos , Leptina/sangue , Taiwan , Circunferência da Cintura
16.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 3): 131908, 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34426285

RESUMO

Developing efficient and durable oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) cathodic catalysts plays an essential role in application of microbial fuel cells (MFCs). Herein, the B-doped graphene quantum dots implanted into bimetallic organic framework (BGQDs/MOF-t) are fabricated by a facile electro-deposition. Results show that, the in-situ growth of FeCoMOF on nickel foam can effectively assist construction of nanoflowers with compact connections, thus improves the conductivity. More importantly, this nano-network can serve as the template for the implantation of BGQDs through powerful interface of M-O-C bonding, avoiding π-π rearrangement and providing efficient charge transfer and abundant edge active sites. Benefitting from the enhanced electrode/electrolyte transport interface, abundant catalytic sites and low charge transfer resistance, the BGQDs/MOF-15 exhibits excellent ORR activity, superior to commercial Pt/C catalyst. In the MFC with the BGQDs/MOF-15 cathode, the maximum power density of 703.55 mW m-2 is achieved, which is 1.53 times of that of the Pt/C cathode. In addition, the BGQDs/MOF-15 cathode maintains great stability over 800 h, while that of Pt/C reduces to 61% of the initial voltage. This work opens new opportunities for developing efficient and durable MOF-derived ORR catalyst.

17.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2021 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34363103

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate cementocyte mechanotransduction during excessive orthodontic intrusive force-induced root resorption and the role of S1P signaling in this process. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-four 12-week-old male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: control group (Control), intrusive stress application group (Stress), and intrusive stress together with S1PR2-specific antagonist injection group (Stress + JTE). A rat molar intrusion model was established on animals in the Stress and the Stress + JTE groups. The animals in the Stress + JTE group received daily intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of S1PR2 antagonist JTE-013, while the Control and Stress groups received only the vehicle. Histomorphometric, immunohistochemical, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot analyses were performed after euthanizing of the rats. RESULTS: Root resorption was promoted in the Stress group with increased volumes of resorption pits and amounts of molar intrusion compared with the Control group. The expression levels of cementogenic- and cementoclastic-related factors were affected under excessive intrusive force. Immunohistochemical staining and qRT-PCR analysis showed promoted S1P signaling activities during molar intrusion. Western blot analysis indicated decreased nuclear translocation of ß-catenin under excessive intrusive force. Through the administration of JTE-013, S1P signaling activity was suppressed and excessive intrusive force-induced root resorption was reversed. The regulation of S1P signaling could also influence the nuclear translocation of ß-catenin and the expressions of cementogenic- and cementoclastic-related factors. CONCLUSIONS: Root resorption was promoted under excessive orthodontic intrusive force due to the disruption of cementum homeostasis. S1P signaling pathway might play an important role in cementocyte mechanotransduction in this process. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The S1P signaling might be a promising therapeutic target for novel therapeutic approaches to prevent external root resorption caused by excessive orthodontic intrusive force.

18.
Stat Med ; 2021 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34309050

RESUMO

Clusterwise statistical inference is the most widely used technique for functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data analyses. Clusterwise statistical inference consists of two steps: (i) primary thresholding that excludes less significant voxels by a prespecified cut-off (eg, p < . 001 ); and (ii) clusterwise thresholding that controls the familywise error rate caused by clusters consisting of false positive suprathreshold voxels. The selection of the primary threshold is critical because it determines both statistical power and false discovery rate (FDR). However, in most existing statistical packages, the primary threshold is selected based on prior knowledge (eg, p < . 001 ) without taking into account the information in the data. In this article, we propose a data-driven approach to algorithmically select the optimal primary threshold based on an empirical Bayes framework. We evaluate the proposed model using extensive simulation studies and real fMRI data. In the simulation, we show that our method can effectively increase statistical power by 20% to over 100% while effectively controlling the FDR. We then investigate the brain response to the dose-effect of chlorpromazine in patients with schizophrenia by analyzing fMRI scans and generate consistent results.

19.
Lupus ; 30(10): 1609-1616, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259057

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: SLE, which is common in women, is commonly treated with HCQ, an anti-inflammation medication. Reproductive-age women with SLE are prone to be impacted by endometriosis. This study analyzes the relationship between HCQ and endometriosis patients with SLE in order to determine whether HCQ is effective for treating the latter. METHODS: This population-based, retrospective cohort study analyzed the SLE risk in a cohort of newly diagnosed SLE patients with endometriosis during 2000 through 2013. Controls were selected at a 1:2 ratio through age-matching using the greedy algorithm. The Cox proportional hazard model was used to analyze the association between HCQ use and endometriosis incidence. Four different Cox regression models were used. Lastly, sensitivity analysis with PSOW and IPW was implemented to evaluate the hazard ratio (HR) of endometriosis after exposure with HCQ. RESULTS: In the cohort where age and sex matched high and low HCQ dosage, the average follow-up time was about 1 year. The cohort's overall incidence rates of endometriosis were 44.54 and 90.03 per 100000 person-month for high and low dosage respectively. The high dose group's conditional hazard ratio (aHR) for incidental endometriosis was 0.482 (CI = 0.191 to 1.213). The incidence rate and Kaplan-Meir curves of endometriosis were consistent with the results for the cohort. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that SLE patients continuously treated with HCQ have a lower risk of developing endometriosis. Clinically, HCQ can be beneficial for endometriosis patients with SLE.

20.
J Hazard Mater ; 419: 126543, 2021 10 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34323719

RESUMO

It is urgently needed to develop high-performance materials that can synchronously remove heavy metals and organic pollutants. Herein, the visible-light responsive Zn3In2S6/AgBr composites were prepared for concurrent removals of metronidazole (MNZ) and Cr (VI). In the Cr (VI)-MNZ coexisting system, the removals of MNZ and Cr (VI) using the optimized Zn3In2S6/AgBr-15 photocatalyst reached 98.2% and 94.8% within 2 h, respectively; higher than those using counterparts. The radical species trapping and electron spin resonance (ESR) results demonstrated that ·OH was the most dominated species for MNZ oxidation, and photo-generated electrons were responsible for Cr (VI) reduction. Besides, slight competition for ·O2- during the simultaneous MNZ degradation and Cr (VI) reduction occurred. Energy band structure analysis, ESR and the outstanding photocatalytic performance for MNZ and Cr (VI) removals demonstrated that the Zn3In2S6/AgBr-15 was a Z-scheme photocatalyst, which promoted photo-induced carrier's separation. Possible MNZ degradation pathways and mechanism over the Z-scheme Zn3In2S6/AgBr were also proposed based on the identified intermediates. This study could inspire new ideas for design of efficient Z-scheme photocatalysts for wastewater treatment.


Assuntos
Cromo , Metronidazol , Catálise , Cinética , Zinco
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...