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1.
Am J Sports Med ; : 363546520905853, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32134689

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Skeletal muscle injuries are very common in sports medicine. Conventional therapies have limited clinical efficacy. New treatment methods should be developed to allow athletes to return to play with better function. PURPOSE: To evaluate the in vitro differentiation potential of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells and the in vivo histologic and physiologic effects of mesenchymal stem cell therapy on muscle healing after contusion injury. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study. METHODS: Bone marrow cells were flushed from both femurs of 5-week-old C57BL/6 mice to establish immortalized mesenchymal stem cell lines. A total of 36 mice aged 8 to 10 weeks were used to develop a muscle contusion model and were divided into 6 groups (6 mice/group) on the basis of the different dosages of IM2 cells to be injected (0, 1.25 × 105, and 2.5 × 105 cells with/without F-127 in 100 µL of phosphate-buffered saline). Histological analysis of muscle regeneration was performed, and the fast-twitch and tetanus strength of the muscle contractions was measured 28 days after muscle contusion injury, after injections of different doses of mesenchymal stem cells with or without the F-127 scaffold beginning 14 days after contusion injury. RESULTS: The mesenchymal stem cell-treated muscles exhibited numerous regenerating myofibers. All the groups treated with mesenchymal stem cells (1.25 × 105 cells, 2.5 × 105 cells, 1.25 × 105 cells plus F-127, and 2.5 × 105 cells plus F-127) exhibited a significantly higher number of regenerating myofibers (mean ± SD: 111.6 ± 14.77, 133.4 ± 21.44, 221.89 ± 32.65, and 241.5 ± 25.95, respectively) as compared with the control group and the control with F-127 (69 ± 18.79 and 63.2 ± 18.98). The physiologic evaluation of fast-twitch and tetanus strength did not reveal differences between the age-matched uninjured group and the groups treated with various doses of mesenchymal stem cells 28 days after contusion. Significant differences were found between the control group and the groups treated with various doses of mesenchymal stem cells after muscle contusion. CONCLUSION: Mesenchymal stem cell therapy increased the number of regenerating myofibers and improved fast-twitch and tetanus muscle strength in a mouse model of muscle contusion. However, the rapid decay of transplanted mesenchymal stem cells suggests a paracrine effect of this action. Treatment with mesenchymal stem cells at various doses combined with the F-127 scaffold is a potential therapy for a muscle contusion. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Mesenchymal stem cell therapy has an effect on sports medicine because of its effects on myofiber regeneration and muscle strength after contusion injury.

2.
Arch Virol ; 2020 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32170393

RESUMO

This work identified a novel rhabdo-like virus in a Chinese black cutworm (Agrotis ipsilon), which we tentatively named "Agrotis ipsilon virus" (AIpsV). The complete genome of AIpsV is 15,454 nucleotides in length and contains seven open reading frames, collectively encoding more than 160 amino acids. The AIpsV genome is predicted to encode three structural proteins, nucleoprotein (N), glycoprotein (G), and large polymerase protein (L), and four unknown proteins. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that the AIpsV clusters with Wuhan ant virus and Hubei rhabdo-like virus 1 within the rhabdo-like virus clade. The level of expression of AIpsV genes was found to be higher in the pupal and adult stages than in the egg and larval stages.

3.
Expert Rev Mol Diagn ; : 1-12, 2020 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32212972

RESUMO

Introduction: Cancer causes thousands of deaths worldwide each year. Therefore, monitoring of health status and the early diagnosis of cancer using noninvasive assays, such as the analysis of molecular biomarkers in urine, is essential. However, effective biomarkers for early diagnosis of cancer have not been established in many types of cancer.Areas covered: In this review, we discuss recent findings with regard to the use of urine composition as a biomarker in eleven types of cancer. We also highlight the use of urine biomarkers for improving early diagnosis.Expert opinion: Urinary biomarkers have been applied for clinical application of early diagnosis. The main limitation is a lack of integrated approaches for identification of new biomarkers in most cancer. The utilization of urinary biomarker detection will be promoted by improved detection methods and new data from different types of cancers. With the development of precision medicine, urinary biomarkers will play an increasingly important clinical role. Future early diagnosis would benefit from changes in the utilization of urinary biomarkers.

4.
Curr Med Sci ; 2020 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32219626

RESUMO

Based on the New Diagnosis and Treatment Scheme for Novel Coronavirus Infected Pneumonia (Trial Edition 5), combined with our current clinical treatment experience, we recently proposed a revision of the first edition of "Guidance for maternal and fetal management during pneumonia epidemics of novel coronavirus infection in the Wuhan Tongji Hospital". This article focused on the issues of greatest concern of pregnant women including severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection diagnostic criteria, inspection precautions, drug treatment options, indications and methods of termination of pregnancy, postpartum fever, breastfeeding considerations, mode of mother-to-child transmission, neonatal isolation and advice on neonatal nursing, to provide valuable experience for better management of SARS-CoV-2 infection in pregnant women and newborns.

5.
Nanoscale ; 12(9): 5494-5500, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32090221

RESUMO

Recently, widespread attention has been paid to red emissive carbon dots (CDs) which have desirable optical properties, low toxicity, and biocompatibility. Despite great efforts, the facile preparation of red dual-emissive CDs useful for ratiometric detection and bioimaging remains challenging. Here, we report a facile synthesis of red dual-emissive CDs and their potential for ratiometric fluorescence sensing and cellular imaging. Derived from the hydrothermal treatment of dicyandiamide and o-phenylenediamine in dilute sulfuric acid, the CDs are surface-tailored with nitrogen-, oxygen-, and sulfur-containing functional groups. The as-prepared CDs show various good features, including good water solubility, biocompatibility, excitation-independent dual-emission with two photoluminescence (PL) peaks centered at 630 and 680 nm, and an absolute quantum yield (QY) of 30.2% in water. The CDs exhibit a selective, sensitive, rapid, and stable ratiometric fluorescence response toward methyl blue, giving a linear relationship in the range of 0.5-300 µM with a correlation coefficient (R2) of 0.997. We also study ratiometric fluorescence sensing for the accurate detection of pH. Moreover, the CDs possess good cellular imaging ability, indicating their promising applicability for biomedical applications. These results pave a way toward the fabrication of red dual-emissive carbon-based nanomaterials useful for both ratiometric sensing and bioimaging.

6.
Eur J Clin Nutr ; 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32060383

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Riboflavin deficiency confers a predisposition for esophageal cancer. The role of plasma riboflavin levels in development and prognosis of individuals with digestive tract inflammation and ulcer (DTIU), digestive tract polyps (DTPs), and ESCC is not well understood. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study, including 177 DTIU, 80 DTP, and 324 ESCC cases, to measure the plasma riboflavin levels among the three populations. Correlation between plasma riboflavin levels (categorized as ≥31.8, 6.5-31.8 and ≤6.5 nmol/L groups) and clinical characteristics, as well as survival of ESCC patients (556 cases) was analyzed. RESULTS: There was no difference in plasma riboflavin levels between DTIU, DTP, and ESCC cases (P > 0.05). Plasma riboflavin levels were inversely correlated with invasive depth (correlation coefficient = -0.09, P = 0.026) and lymph node metastasis (correlation coefficient = -0.11, P = 0.010) of ESCC, and ESCC patients with low riboflavin levels had poor recurrence-free survival (P = 0.035) and overall survival (P = 0.003). Decreased riboflavin was a prognostic factor for poor overall survival (HR = 1.91, 95% CI = 1.19-3.07, P = 0.007). CONCLUSIONS: Plasma riboflavin levels in DTIU, DTP, and ESCC patients are similar. Plasma riboflavin levels are associated with the development and prognosis of ESCC.

7.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 20(1): 82, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32033597

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Water requirements increases with gestational age. Insufficient water intake causes dehydration, which may adversely affect maternal health and birth outcomes. However, few related studies have been conducted. The purposes are to assess the water intake and hydration state among pregnant women, and to investigate the associations with pregnancy complications and maternal and infant outcomes. METHODS: A prospective observational cohort study will be applied. A total of 380 pregnant women will be recruited from the First Affiliated Hospital of Hainan Medical University. Hydration biomarkers and health outcomes will be tested during 15~17 weeks' gestation, 20~22 weeks' gestation, 30~32 weeks' gestation, during childbirth and 42 days after childbirth. Daily fluid intake will be collected using a 24-h fluid intake record for 7 consecutive days. A semi-quantified food frequency method will be used to assess food intake and water intake from food. Anthropometric measurement will be taken following standardized processes. Intracellular fluid (ICF) and extracellular fluid (ECF) will be measured using a body composition analyzer. Morning fasting urine and blood osmolality will be tested by laboratory physicians using an osmotic pressure molar concentration meter. Pregnancy complications will be assessed and diagnosed throughout pregnancy and childbirth. Maternal-infant outcomes will be monitored using related indicators and technologies. In order to explore the internal mechanism and interactions from the perspective of endocrine, pregnancy related hormones (estradiol, prolactin, progesterone) and the hydration-related hormones (copeptin) will be tested during pregnancy. A mixed model of repeated measures ANOVA will be analyzed using SAS 9.2. RESULTS: The results may provide basic data on water intake among pregnant women. The association between hydration state and maternal-infant outcomes will also be explored. CONCLUSIONS: This preliminary exploratory study findings will fill the gaps in the research on water intake, hydration and maternal health, birth outcomes, provide scientific reference data for updating recommendation on water adequate intake among pregnant women, and provide suggestion for developing water intake interventions. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The protocol has been registered on the website of Chinese Clinical Trial Registry. The Identifier code is ChiCTR1800019284. The Registry date is 3 November, 2018. Registry name is "Study for the correlation between hydration state and pregnancy complications, maternal and infant outcomes during pregnancy".

8.
Atherosclerosis ; 297: 40-46, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062138

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hyperuricemia is independently associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and is considered to be one of the major risk factors for CVD. However, the impact of inter-visit uric acid (UA) variability on cardiovascular risk remains undetermined. METHODS: We enrolled 3202 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), who received successful coronary intervention, in a cohort from Taipei Veterans General Hospital from 2006 to 2015. All post-baseline visits UA measurements using standard deviation (SD) were analyzed to correlate with long-term outcome. The primary outcome was the composite of cardiac death, nonfatal MI, nonfatal stroke (MACE). The secondary event was MACE and hospitalization for heart failure. RESULTS: During an average 65.06 ± 32.1-month follow-up, there were 66 cardiovascular deaths, 175 nonfatal myocardial infarctions, 64 nonfatal strokes, 287 hospitalizations for heart failure, and 683 revascularization procedures. There was a linear association between high UA SD and future adverse events. Compared to the lowest quartile SD, subjects in the highest quartile SD had a higher risk of MACE (HR: 2.53, 95% CI: 1.78-3.59), myocardial infarction (HR: 2.43, 95% CI: 1.53-3.86), cardiovascular death (HR: 6.45, 95% CI: 2.52-16.55), heart failure-related hospitalization (HR: 3.43, 95% CI: 2.32-5.05), and total major CV events (HR: 2.72, 95% CI: 2.09-3.56). Furthermore, compared to the average achieved on-treatment UA value, increasing UA SD had a stronger association of higher risk of developing MACE (HR: 1.51, 95% CI: 1.36-1.68), myocardial infarction (HR: 1.37, 95% CI: 1.38-1.68), ischemic stroke (HR: 1.43, 95% CI: 1.13-1.82), CV death (HR: 1.77, 95% CI: 1.50-2.11), HF (HR: 1.43, 95% CI: 1.29-1.58), and total major CV events (HR: 1.46, 95% CI: 1.34-1.58). CONCLUSIONS: High UA variability is associated with a higher risk of developing future cardiovascular events, suggesting the importance of maintaining stable serum UA levels and avoiding large fluctuations in CAD patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32077155

RESUMO

Chemical architectures with an ordered porous backbone and high charge transfer are significant for fiber-shaped supercapacitors (FSCs). However, owing to the sluggish ion kinetic diffusion and storage in compacted fibers, achieving high energy density remains a challenge. An innovative magnetothermal microfluidic method is now proposed to design hierarchical carbon polyhedrons/holey graphene (CP/HG) core-shell microfibers. Owing to highly magnetothermal etching and microfluidic reactions, the CP/HG fibers maintain an open inner-linked ionic pathway, large specific surface area, and moderate nitrogen active site, facilitating more rapid ionic dynamic transportation and accommodation. The CP/HG FSCs show an ultrahigh energy density (335.8 µWh cm-2 ) and large areal capacitance (2760 mF cm-2 ). A self-powered endurance application with the integration of chip-based FSCs is designed to profoundly drive the durable motions of an electric car and walking robot.

10.
Plant Sci ; 292: 110375, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32005381

RESUMO

The AP2/ERF (APETALA2/ethylene-responsive factor) family of transcription factors (TF) is involved in regulating biotic and abiotic stress responses in plants. To explore the role of AP2/ERFs in cold tolerance in woody plants, BpERF13 was cloned and characterized in Betula platyphylla (white birch), a species primarily found in Asia in temperate and boreal climates. Based on phylogenetic analysis, BpERF13 is a member of the IXb subfamily of ERFs. Using qRT-PCR, we found that BpERF13 was differentially expressed in different tissues, and its expression could be induced by cold treatment (4 °C). BpERF13 protein, fused with GFP, was exclusively localized to nuclei. To further assess the role of BpERF13 in cold tolerance, BpERF13 overexpression (OE) transgenic lines were generated in B. platyphylla and used for cold stress treatment and biochemical/physiological studies. BpERF13 overexpression lines had significantly increased tolerance to subfreezing treatment and reduced reactive oxygen species. Using a TF-centered yeast one-hybrid (Y1H) experimental system, we showed that BpERF13 could bind to LTRECOREATCOR15 and MYBCORE cis-elements to activate a reporter gene. ChIP-seq and ChIP-PCR experiments further demonstrated that BpERF13 bound to these cis-elements when present in the 5' proximal regions of superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD), and C-repeat-binding factor (CBF) genes. qRT-PCR was employed to examine the expression levels of these genes in response to cold stress; SOD, POD, and CBF genes were significantly upregulated in BpERF13 transgenic lines compared to wild-type plants in response to cold stress. These results indicate that the transcription factor BpERF13 regulates physiological processes underlying cold tolerance in woody plants.

12.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 3165, 2020 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32081941

RESUMO

Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection contributes to most anal cancers and premalignant intraepithelial lesions. This study investigated anal HPV infections and cytological abnormalities among men who have sex with men (MSM). Sociodemographic characteristics and sexual behaviors were collected by using a structured questionnaire. Anal cytological results were examined, and HPV genotyping was performed by the Linear Array HPV Genotyping test. Logistic regression was used to estimate risk factors and their associations with high-risk HPV infection and cytological abnormalities. Among 163 MSM, 101 were seropositive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and 62 were seronegative for HIV. The overall prevalence of HPV was 66.2%. A total of 61.9% and 48.2% of participants had never acquired any of either the quadrivalent or nonavalent vaccine HPV types, respectively. Cytological findings showed 15.3% atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance, 16.6% low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion, 4.9% atypical squamous cells that cannot exclude high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion and 17% high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion. The number of high-risk HPV types was the predominant risk factor for abnormal anal cytology (OR 2.02, 95% CI 1.27-3.24). Infection with high-risk HPV was a significant predictor for cytological abnormality. MSM should be encouraged to obtain the HPV vaccine.

13.
Mol Reprod Dev ; 87(2): 223-230, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32011766

RESUMO

Sertoli cells (SCs) are presumed to be the center of testis differentiation because they provide both structural support and biological regulation for spermatogenesis. Previous studies suggest that SCs control germ cell (GC) count and Leydig cell (LC) development in mouse testes. However, the regulatory role of SCs on peritubular myoid (PTM) cell fate in fetal testis has not been clearly reported. Here, we employed Amh-Cre; diphtheria toxin fragment A (DTA) mouse model to selectively ablate SCs from embryonic day (E) 14.5. Results found that SC ablation in the fetal stage caused the disruption of testis cords and the massive loss of GCs. Furthermore, the number of α-smooth muscle actin-labeled PTM cells was gradually decreased from E14.5 and almost lost at E18.5 in SC ablation testis. Interestingly, some Ki67 and 3ß-HSD double-positive fetal LCs could be observed in Amh-Cre; DTA testes at E16.5 and E18.5. Consistent with this phenomenon, the messenger RNA levels of Hsd3b1, Cyp11a1, Lhr, Star and the protein levels of 3ß-HSD and P450Scc were significantly elevated by SC ablation. SC ablation appears to induce ectopic proliferation of fetal LCs although the total LC number appeared reduced. Together, these findings bring us a better understanding of SCs' central role in fetal testis development.

14.
Talanta ; 211: 120762, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32070628

RESUMO

Elucidating the recognition mechanisms of the noncovalent interactions between pharmaceutical molecules and proteins is important for understanding drug delivery in vivo, and for the further rapid screening of clinical drug candidates and biomarkers. In this work, a strategy based on cold spray ionization mass spectrometry (CSI-MS), combined with fluorescence, circular dichroism (CD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and molecular docking methods, was developed and applied to the study of the noncovalent interactions between phenolic acid and lysozyme (Lys). Based on the real characterization of noncovalent complex, the detailed binding parameters, as well as the protein conformational changes and specific binding sites could be obtained. CSI-MS and tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) technique were used to investigate the phenolic acid-Lys complexes and the structure-affinity relationship, and to assess their structural composition and gas phase stability. The binding affinity was obtained by direct and indirect MS methods. The fluorescence spectra showed that the intrinsic fluorescence quenching of Lys in solution was a static quenching mechanism caused by complex formation, which supported the MS results. The CD and FTIR spectra revealed that phenolic acid changed the secondary structure of Lys and increased the α-helix content, indicating an increase in the tryptophan (W) hydrophobicity near the protein binding site resulting in a conformational alteration of the protein. In addition, molecular docking studies were performed to investigate the binding sites and binding modes of phenolic acid on Lys. This strategy can more comprehensively and truly characterize the noncovalent interactions and can guide further research on the interactions of phenolic acid with other proteins.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32100944

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Adalimumab is approved for treatment of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Thus, we postulated that exacerbation or new-onset of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) would be rare events in patients treated with adalimumab for non-IBD indications. This analysis evaluated the incidence of IBD adverse events (AEs) across adalimumab trials. METHODS: IBD AE rates in 75 adalimumab clinical trials in rheumatoid arthritis, polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis, pediatric enthesitis-related arthritis, uveitis, hidradenitis suppurativa, adult and pediatric psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, non-psoriatic arthritis peripheral spondyloarthritis (pSpA), axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA), including non-radiographic axSpA and ankylosing spondylitis, were analyzed. Search terms for IBD AEs (new onset or worsening/flare) included IBD, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, and ulcerative proctitis. RESULTS: This analysis included 24,114 patients, representing 36,508 patient-years (PY) of adalimumab exposure. The overall rate (95% CI) of IBD AEs in adalimumab-treated patients was 0.1 (0.1-0.2)/100 PY (41 events), ranging from no events (psoriatic arthritis, uveitis, and pediatric trials) to 0.8 (0.2-2.2)/100 PY in pSpA; the rate of IBD in axSpA was 0.6 (0.4-1.0)/100 PY. During placebo-controlled trials, the overall IBD rate was 0.1 (0.0-0.3)/100 PY for adalimumab (3 events in 6781 patients; 2752 PY of exposure) and 0.1 (0.0-0.4)/100 PY for placebo (1 event in 3493 patients; 1246 PY of exposure) groups; IBD rates in axSpA were 0.5 (0.1-1.4)/100 PY and 0.6 (0.0-3.1)/100 PY, respectively. CONCLUSION: The rates of IBD AEs in adalimumab clinical trials were generally low across the evaluated diseases, including axSpA; all events occurred in adult patients.

16.
J Chin Med Assoc ; 83(3): 245-250, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31972832

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary embolism (PE) is frequently associated with cancer. This study aimed to assess patients with acute PE and identify diagnostic predictors of new cancer after 1 year of follow-up. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-one patients with PE were enrolled consecutively from the emergency department of a single medical center in Taiwan. Data from computed tomography angiography, echocardiogram, electrocardiogram and for baseline comorbidities, clinical presentation, and laboratory parameters were recorded. The surviving discharged patients without a cancer diagnosis were followed-up for 1 year, and new malignancies were recorded. RESULTS: Of 121 patients with acute PE, 44 (36%) had an underlying cancer history (cancer group), and 77 (64%) did not (noncancer group). Baseline demographic characteristics, comorbidities, clinical symptoms, biochemical parameters, echocardiogram data, and electrocardiogram data of the two groups were similar except for a higher hospital mortality rate (56.8% vs 9.1%; p < 0.001), lower body mass index (22.6 ± 4.1 vs 25.5 ± 4.9; p =0.02), higher systolic blood pressure (139.7 ± 33.7 vs 125.4 ± 24.1; p = 0.02), lower low-density lipoprotein level (67.4 ± 38.3 vs 90.4 ± 33.8; p = 0.04), lower creatinine kinase (CK; 43.0 ± 43.0 vs 83.5 ± 83.1; p = 0.01), higher myocardial band (MB) form of CK ratio (0.2 ± 0.2 vs 0.1 ± 0.1; p < 0.01), higher partial pressure of arterial oxygen (122.81 ± 81.2 vs 90.2 ± 59.4; p = 0.03), and less presentation of chest pain (15.9% vs 40.3%; p = 0.01) in the cancer group. Kaplan-Meier curve analysis revealed that the 30-day survival rate was higher in the noncancer group than in the cancer group (log-rank p = 0.04). After 1 year of follow-up, 6 of 59 (10.17%) initial non-cancer-related PE survivors were diagnosed with malignancies. After multivariate analysis, only the initial CK-MB level was associated with a diagnosis of new cancer (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.37, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.029-1.811; p = 0.03). CONCLUSION: This study suggests that the CK-MB level is associated with future malignancy in patients with PE. Patients with cancer-related PE had a worse 30-day survival rate.

17.
Life Sci ; 244: 117306, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31953159

RESUMO

AIMS: Accumulated evidence indicates that the dysregulation of circular RNAs (circRNAs) plays pivotal roles in many human diseases including preeclampsia (PE). Circ_0063517 has been verified to be down-regulated in PE. But the role of circ_0063517 in PE is still unclear. This research aims to probe into the effect of circ_0063517 on angiogenesis in PE development. MAIN METHODS: The expression of circ_0063517, endothelin receptor type B (ETBR) and miR-31-5p was assessed by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). MTT assay, colony formation assay, scratch assay, transwell assay, and tube formation assay were performed to detect proliferation, migration, and angiogenesis, respectively. Dual luciferase reporter system and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay were carried out to determine the interaction between miR-31-5p and circ_0063517(or ETBR). ETBR, VEGFRA, and VEGFR2 levels were detected by western blot analysis. The effect of circ_0063517 and ETBR on angiogenesis was evaluated in N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride (L-NAME)-induced PE in vivo. KEY FINDINGS: The levels of circ_0063517 and ETBR were down-regulated in the placenta tissue of PE patients. Conversely, the level of miR-31-5p was up-regulated in PE. Overexpression of circ_0063517 or knockdown of miR-31-5p facilitated growth, migration, and angiogenesis of vascular endothelial cells. Circ_0063517 knockdown-induced repression of the expression of ETBR, VEGFA, and VEGFR2 was partly counteracted by ETBR overexpression. Mechanistically, circ_0063517 sponged miR-31-5p to regulate ETBR expression. Finally, circ_0063517 promoted angiogenesis via enhancing ETBR expression in PE in vivo. SIGNIFICANCE: Our findings suggest that circ_0063517-miR-31-5p-ETBR axis regulates angiogenesis during the pathological process of PE.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Pré-Eclâmpsia/metabolismo , Receptor de Endotelina B/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Feminino , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Neovascularização Patológica/genética , Pré-Eclâmpsia/genética , Gravidez , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
18.
J Med Virol ; 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31916268

RESUMO

Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection was associated with some carcinomas, especially malignant tumors in upper digestive tract, upper respiratory tract, and genitourinary system. The mechanism of the viral transformation of normal cells is still not very clear. To investigate the tumorigenesis of epithelial cells, E6/E7-induced malignant transformation model cells were used for expression profiling analysis by performing RNA expression microarray detection. Bioinformatics analysis was applied to investigate the cellular process changes along with the E6/E7 expression in SHEE cells. The differentially expressed genes were further grouped and uploaded for Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes analysis. The protein-protein interaction results were visualized. The hub genes and their first-neighbors genes were selected, followed by gene ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analysis. The obtained results demonstrated that tumor-related biological processes began to emerge during the carcinogenesis process from 48th passage to 76th passage of SHEE cells after E6/E7 expression. Ten hub genes were identified and analyzed during the E6/E7-induced tumorigenesis. This study explores the gene expression network in the progressive transformation of immortalized esophageal epithelial cells induced by E6/E7 expression. Understanding the biological processes and hub genes that first appear during the transformation will provide some clues to the mechanism of E6/E7-induced carcinogenesis of esophageal epithelial cells.

19.
Chron Respir Dis ; 17: 1479973119900612, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31984768

RESUMO

We investigated the relationship between self-reported adherence to pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy (PERT), nutritional status, and all-cause hospitalization in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients with a record of PERT use. Association of self-reported annual PERT use rate (adherence) with annual hospital admission rate (HAR) and annual total hospital nights (THNs) were analyzed for 5301 children (2000-2012) and 13,989 adults (2000-2013) from the CF Foundation Patient Registry. Multivariate linear regression was used to determine the association of HAR and THN with mean annual PERT use rate, cumulative PERT use rate, mean body mass index (BMI) (adult) or BMI percentile (pediatric), age, and sex. The median annual PERT use rate was 87% in children and 80% in adults. Statistically, higher annual PERT use, longer cumulative PERT, and higher BMI percentile (children) or BMI (adults) were significantly (p < 0.0001) associated with lower annual HAR and fewer annual THN in children and adults. Female sex was associated with higher annual HAR and more annual THN in children and adults (p < 0.05). Results indicate self-reported adherence to PERT, increased BMI, and male sex were associated with fewer hospital admissions and annual hospital nights in CF patients.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31969096

RESUMO

AIM AND OBJECTIVE: Hypertension-induced stroke and coronary artery disease are significant causes of global morbidity and mortality. Metabolic hypertension has recently become the main cause of hypertension. Flos Chrysanthemi indici (CIF) has a long history as a treatment of hypertension as part of traditional Chinese medicine. However, its mechanisms of activity remain largely unknown. This study was aimed to uncover the potential anti-hypertensive mechanisms of CIF based on network pharmacology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this research, a systems pharmacology approach integrating the measurement of active compounds, target fishing, gene screening, Gene Ontology (GO) pathway analysis, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) Orthology Based Annotation System (KOBAS) database analysis, and compound-target network construction were performed to explore the anti-hypertensive mechanisms of CIF. RESULTS: These studies revealed that 12 bioactive compounds in CIF had good druggability, 5 of which were flavonoids. After screening, 8 of those 12 bioactive compounds interacted with 118 hypertension-related target genes, which were mapped to 218 signal pathways. Network analysis showed that these targets were associated with improving insulin resistance, improving vascular function, inhibiting rennin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS), inhibiting the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) and regulating other physiological processes. CONCLUSION: In summary, CIF is predicted to target multiple proteins and pathways to form a network that exerts systematic pharmacological effects in order to regulate blood pressure and metabolic disorder.

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