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1.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(6): 1037-1043, 2021 Jun 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814503

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the epidemiological and etiologic characteristics of meningococcal meningitis in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (Xinjiang). Methods: The epidemiological data about the meningococcal meningitis cases in Xinjiang from 1960 to 2019 were collected from the China information system for disease control and prevention and the Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Xinjiang. The epidemiological characteristics were analyzed. Clinical specimens from suspected cases were cultured and tested by real-time PCR method. A survey on the carriage rate of Neisseria meningitides (Nm) in the healthy population was performed. The serogroups of isolates were determined by serum-agglutination and PCR methods. Multi-locus sequence typing was used for subtyping the isolates. Results: The incidence rates of meningococcal meningitis in Xinjiang from 1960 to 2019 were 0.02/100 000-81.32/100 000, with the mortality as 1.05%-20.78%. The five districts with the most cases were Kashi prefecture, Aksu prefecture, Urumqi city, Changji Hui autonomous prefecture, and Hotan prefecture. Before 1990, serogroup A (81.82%) was the commonest group for cases and contacts. After 1990, 14.00% of the cases were caused by serogroups B, C, W, and Y. There was no predominant serogroup for contacts with serogroups B, C, W, Y, and C accounting for 23.28%, 18.53%, 15.52%, 9.91% and 7.33% respectively. The general Nm carriage rate was 15.50%, with the population of 16 - 20 years age group having the highest rate (25.53%). Serogroups B (52.11%), W (20.66%), C (12.21%), and Y (9.39%) occupied 52.11%, 20.66%, 12.21% and 9.39% respectively. The commonest clonal lineages of Nm isolates were ST-4821, ST-175, and ST-5 clonal complexes, while the ST-5 and ST-4821 clonal complexes were the major ones for invasive strains. Conclusions: There appeared regional differences in the incidence rates of Xinjiang meningococcal meningitis, and the carriage rate of Nm was high. The serogroups have been changing. It is necessary to strengthen the prevention and control of meningococcal meningitis to prevent any potential outbreak.


Assuntos
Meningite Meningocócica , Infecções Meningocócicas , Neisseria meningitidis , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Meningite Meningocócica/epidemiologia , Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus , Neisseria meningitidis/genética , Sorogrupo
2.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 2021 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34837643

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have investigated associations between herbicides such as 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and dyshormonogenesis, specifically low testosterone, in human, rodent, and cell models, but results have been conflicting and inconclusive. METHODS: Using data from a cross-sectional study of 456 adult men in the 2013-2014 NHANES survey cycle, we examined the relationship between urinary concentrations of 2,4-D and serum testosterone levels. RESULTS: Multivariable regression models adjusting for potential confounders revealed a significant, negative association between urinary 2,4-D and mean serum testosterone among U.S. adult males (ß = - 11.4 ng/dL, p = 0.02). Multivariable logistic regression models using a cutoff defining abnormally low testosterone (i.e., serum testosterone < 300 ng/dL) revealed no significant associations between 2,4-D and the odds of low testosterone. CONCLUSION: These findings expand on previous literature implicating a role for 2,4-D in the etiology of low testosterone and dyshormonogenesis. Future studies are warranted to corroborate these findings, determine clinical significance, and to investigate the proposed potential biological mechanisms underlying this association.

4.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(11): 1094-1101, 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34775719

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of percutaneous closure of ventricular septal rupture (VSR) after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and the risk factors of all-cause mortality at 30 days after operation. Methods: This is a retrospective case series study. A total of 69 patients with post-AMI VSR, underwent percutaneous closure of VSR from October 2013 to May 2020 in Department of Cardiology of Henan Provincial People's Hospital and Department of Cardiology of Central China Fuwai Hospital, were included. Patients were divided into survival group (53 cases) and non-survival group (16 cases) according to the status at 30 days after operation. Clinical data were collected and analyzed during hospitalization. Telephone follow-up was performed 30 days after operation. The primary safety endpoint was occlusion failure and all-cause mortality at 30 days post operation. The secondary safety endpoint was the operation related or non-operation related complications. Efficacy endpoint included NYHA classification of cardiac function, index measured by right heart catheterization and echocardiography. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to analyze the risk factors of all-cause mortality at 30 days after operation. Results: A total of 69 patients, aged 67 (64, 71) years, including 42 women (60.9%), were enrolled in this study. All-cause death occurred in 16 patients (23.2%), including 13 in-hospital death and 3 death during follow-up. There were 4 cases of closure failure (5.8%). Among the 65 patients with successful closure, 12 (18.5%) experienced operation-related complications, among which 8 (12.3%) experienced valve injury. The mortality was significantly higher in patients with operation-related complications than that in patients without operation-related complications (41.7% (5/12) vs. 13.2% (7/53), P = 0.022). One case received percutaneous closure of VSR and PCI, this patient experienced new-onset AMI immediately post procedure and died thereafter (1.5%). One case (1.5%) developed multiple organ failure and 2 cases (3.1%) developed gastrointestinal bleeding post operation. All of the 65 patients with successful occlusion completed postoperative echocardiography, 56 patients completed cardiac function assessment at discharge, and 53 patients who survived up to 30 days post discharge completed clinical follow up by telephone. The NYHA cardiac function at discharge and 30 days after operation were significantly improved as compared to that before operation (P<0.001), the ratio of NYHA Ⅰ and Ⅱ patients was significantly higher post operation at these two time points as compared to baseline level (76.8% (43/56) vs. 23.1% (15/65), P<0.001, 77.4% (41/53) vs. 23.1% (15/65), P<0.001). The pulmonary circulation/systemic circulation blood flow ratio (Qp/Qs), pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) and left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVDd) were decreased, aortic systolic pressure (ASP) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were increased post operation (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that WBC>9.8×109/L (OR=20.94, 95%CI 1.21-362.93, P=0.037) and NT-ProBNP>6 000 ng/L (OR=869.11, 95%CI 2.93-258 058.34, P=0.020) were the independent risk factors of mortality at 30 days. Conclusions: Percutaneous closure in VSR after AMI is safe and effective. The increase of WBC and NT-ProBNP are the independent risk factors of all-cause mortality at 30 days after operation.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Ruptura do Septo Ventricular , Assistência ao Convalescente , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Alta do Paciente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Ruptura do Septo Ventricular/etiologia , Ruptura do Septo Ventricular/cirurgia
5.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 19750, 2021 10 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34611228

RESUMO

N95 filtering facepiece respirators (FFRs) are essential for the protection of healthcare professionals and other high-risk groups against Coronavirus Disease of 2019 (COVID-19). In response to shortages in FFRs during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, the Food and Drug Administration issued an Emergency Use Authorization permitting FFR decontamination and reuse. However, although industrial decontamination services are available at some large institutions, FFR decontamination is not widely accessible. To be effective, FFR decontamination must (1) inactivate the virus; (2) preserve FFR integrity, specifically fit and filtering capability; and (3) be non-toxic and safe. Here we identify and test at-home heat-based methods for FFR decontamination that meet these requirements using common household appliances. Our results identify potential protocols for simple and accessible FFR decontamination, while also highlighting unsuitable methods that may jeopardize FFR integrity.


Assuntos
Descontaminação/métodos , Respiradores N95 , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , COVID-19/virologia , Temperatura Alta , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação , Fatores de Tempo
6.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(2): 233-238, 2021 Feb 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645185

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the changes of CTCs and the correlation between the changes of CTCs and the clinical efficacy of neoadjuvant immunotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: A retrospective case-control study was conducted to collect the data of 23 patients with NSCLC who received neoadjuvant immunotherapy in the Third Xiangya Hospital from June 2018 to December 2019. They were 35-76 years old with a median age of 52 years old, including 13 male patients and 10 female patients. The CTCs value, evaluation results from response evaluation criteria in solid tumor (RECIST) and major pathological response were evaluated before treatment, after neoadjuvant immunotherapy and after operation. Mann Whitney U test was used for the comparison between the two groups, Wilcoxon test was used for the comparison of association samples, and Kruskal Wallis test was used for the comparison between multiple samples. Results: The CTCs value was positively correlated with tumor progression, that the CTCs value of ⅡB group, ⅢA group and ⅢB group was 10.69 (3.87) FU/3 ml, 12.90 (2.24) FU/3 ml and 16.04 (3.43) FU/3 ml, and the difference was statistically significant (χ2=7.829, P=0.020). Then CTCs decreased to 7.60(4.79) FU/3 ml significantly (Z=4.197,P=0.000), and decreased to 6.22(2.80) FU/3 ml significantly again after surgery(Z=-2.950,P=0.005). In RECIST results, the CTCs value of CR group, PR group and SD group was 12.90(3.79)FU/3 ml, 12.52(3.96) FU/3 ml and 13.58(5.11) FU/3 ml,and no significant difference before treatment (χ²=1.806, P=0.405). After neoadjuvant immunotherapy, the CTCs of CR group decreased to 6.22(3.87) FU/3 ml significantly (Z=-4.950, P= 0.000), and also PR group to7.32(4.31) FU/3 ml (Z=-3.180, P=0.001) or SD group to (Z=-2.023, P=0.043). There was no significant difference between CR group and PR group (Z=-0.838, P=0.402), but significant difference between SD group and CR/PR group (Z=-1.922, P=0.050). After operation, the CTCs of CR, PR and SD group decreased to 6.09(3.43) FU/3 ml, 6.40(1.82) FU/3 ml and 9.20(5.16) FU/3 ml,and there was no significant difference to preparation in CR group and PR group, but significant difference in SD group (Z=-2.023, P=0.043). There was no significant difference between CR group and PR group (Z=-1.134, P=0.257), but significant difference between SD group and CR/PR group (Z=-1.624, P=0.014). Before treatment,CTCs of MPR group and non-MPR group were 11.98(4.14) FU/3 ml and 13.54(4.76) FU/3 ml,and there was no significant difference between them (Z=-1.354, P=0.176). After neoadjuvant immunotherapy, the CTCs of MPR group decreased to 6.36(2.65) FU/3 ml significantly (Z=-2.934, P=0.001) and also in non-MPR group to 10.88(2.80) FU/3 ml (Z=-2.840, P=0.003); but there was significant difference between MPR group and non-MPR group (Z=-3.693, P=0.000), and also the change of CTCs between two groups (Z=-2.770, P=0.006). After operation, the CTCs of MPR group decreased to 5.40(1.33) FU/3 ml insignificantly (Z=-0.533, P=0.594) but significantly to 7.05(3.80) FU/3 ml in non-MPR group (Z=-2.734, P=0.030), and significant difference between them (Z=-1.900, P=0.011). Conclusion: The value of CTCs is negatively correlated with the efficacy (RECIST and MPR) of neoadjuvant immunotherapy for NSCLC, which can be used for clinical efficacy evaluation of neoadjuvant immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(10): 931-935, 2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34674470

RESUMO

Intestinal obstruction is one of the most common diseases in abdominal surgery, and its prevention and treatment is a clinical difficulty. Although surgical operation can solve the symptoms of obstruction, there are many postoperative complications, and it is easy to develop re-obstruction due to postoperative abdominal adhesion. The internal fixation of small intestine with obstruction catheter provides a new idea for the prevention of postoperative adhesive bowel obstruction. The use of transanal ileus catheter provides the possibility of direct intestinal anastomosis after resection of malignant obstruction in the left hemicolon and can reduce the incidence of postoperative complications. However, sufficient attention should be paid to the related complications, and prevention and treatment should be planned. It is important to note that the use of obstruction catheter is only one of the conservative treatments for bowel obstruction, and it is not a complete replacement of surgery. Surgical treatment should still be considered, if the catheter fails to significantly move, if the obstructive symptoms do not significantly improve 5 days after catheterization.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório , Obstrução Intestinal , Cateteres , Humanos , Obstrução Intestinal/prevenção & controle , Obstrução Intestinal/cirurgia , Intestino Delgado , Aderências Teciduais
8.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(10): 816-820, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619906

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer liver metastasis can be categorized as initially resectable and initially unresectable liver metastasis. Patients with initially resectable colorectal cancer liver metastases may benefit from hepatic surgery significantly,while those with initially unresectable metastases also have an opportunity to be treated radically by liver surgery after conversion therapy,so as to have a prolonged survival time. It is crucial to choose the right time and right way of surgical intervention. The timing depends on determination of tumor resectability,controlling of pre-operative systemic therapy and evaluation of liver function after systemic treatment. The selection of right way contains the election between synchronous operation and staged operation, resection margin and using of technologies such as laparoscope and associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy. This paper aims to explore the optimal timing for operation and the approaches of surgical method based on the research progress worldwide for prolonging the survival time of patients with colorectal cancer multiple liver metastases.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Hepatectomia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(9): 782-786, 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645220

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the interim outcome and right heart development of pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum (PA-IVS) in children after fetal cardiac intervention (FCI). Methods: The clinical data of 5 live births underwent FCI from October 2018 to April 2019 in Women and Children's Hospital, Qingdao University were analyzed retrospectively. The development of right ventricle (RV) and tricuspid valve (TV) in uterus after FCI, at birth, the age of 6 months, 1 year and 2 years, and the final outcome were assessed. Results: Five PA-IVS fetuses were included in this study. The first evaluation was performed at 24-26 weeks of gestational age, and the FCI was performed at 26-28 weeks of gestational age. During the follow-up of 6 weeks after FCI, the minimum diameter of tricuspid annulus increased from 0.85 cm to 0.92 cm, and the minimum Z-score of tricuspid annulus decreased from -0.03 to -1.62. The minimum values of TV/mitral valve annular diameter and RV/left ventricular length ratios of all fetuses increased from 0.57, 0.52 to 0.88, 0.82, respectively. The maximum tricuspid regurgitation velocity decreased from 4.60 m/s to 3.64 m/s. No severe hemodynamic change was found in any of the fetuses. All 5 fetuses were born alive. Three cases underwent percutaneous balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty (PBPV) and stent implantation for ductus arteriosus. Two cases received PBPV alone. At follow-up (26 to 32 months), obvious development of TV was observed 6 months to 1 year after birth in 5 cases with the growth rate ranging from 19.64% to 40.00%. Meanwhile, the RV development was relatively slow at 6 months with the growth rate ranging from 9.41% to 21.42%. There were individual differences in RV development at 2 years. The growth and development of all children were equal to healthy children of the same age with the body mass index less than 18.4 kg/m2. At the last follow-up, all children had a transcutaneous oxygen saturation of greater than 0.95, three became biventricular circulation and two had circulation approximation to biventricular circulation with almost closed stent. Conclusions: The findings support the potential of development of right ventricular and tricuspid valve for fetuses with PA-IVS underwent FCI. All fetuses underwent FCI received intervention after birth, and biventricular circulation can be realized finally. The development of right ventricular and tricuspid valve is not proportional. In utero, the right ventricle develops rapidly, and the development of tricuspid valve is more advantageous after birth.


Assuntos
Atresia Pulmonar , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Feto , Seguimentos , Cardiopatias Congênitas , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Atresia Pulmonar/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(9): 939-943, 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530576

RESUMO

Objective: Establishment of a new model of human primary colon cancer transplantation tumor in normal immune mice and to provide a reliable experimental animal model for studying the pathogenesis of colon cancer under normal immunity. Methods: Human colon cancer cells come from colon cancer patients who underwent surgery in the Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical College in 2017. The mice in the cell control group were inoculated with phosphate buffered solution (PBS) containing colon cancer cells, the microcarrier control group was inoculated with PBS containing microcarrier 6, and the cell-microcarrier complex group was inoculated with the PBS containing colon cancer cell-microcarrier complex. The cells of each group were inoculated under the skin of the right axilla of mice by subcutaneous injection, and the time, size, tumor formation rate and pathological changes under microscope were recorded. The transplanted tumor tissue was immunohistochemically stained with the EnVisiion two-step method, and the tumor formation rate of the transplanted tumor was judged according to the proportion of positive cells in the visual field. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method was used to detect the expression of human-specific Alu sequence in mice tumor tissue. Results: After inoculation with tumor cells, the mice in the cell control group and the microcarrier control group did not die and did not form tumors; the mice in the cell-microcarrier complex group had palpable subcutaneous tumors in the right axillary subcutaneously on the 5th to 7th days after inoculation, and tumor formation rate is 67% (10/15), and the tumor volume can reach about 500 mm(3) 2 to 3 weeks after vaccination. The immunohistochemistry results showed that CK20, CDX-2 and carcinoembryonic antigen were all positively expressed. The PCR results showed that the expression of human-specific Alu sequence can be detected in the transplanted tumor tissue of tumor-bearing mice. Conclusion: Human primary colon cancer cells used microcarrier 6 as a carrier to form tumors in normal immunized mice, and successfully established a new model of human colon cancer transplantation tumor in normal immune mice.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Transplante de Neoplasias , Carga Tumoral
12.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(34): 2667-2673, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34510872

RESUMO

Objective: To explore related factors associated with unilateral aldosterone secretion of patients with primary aldosteronism (PA) and construct a predictive model. Methods: The clinical data of patients who were diagnosed as PA in West China Hospital from April 2016 to September 2020 was analyzed retrospectively. According to the results of the adrenal enhancement CT, patients were divided into 3 groups, namely non-nodular group with no bilateral adrenal glands lesions, only with unilateral adrenal hyperplasia or bilateral adrenal hyperplasia, unilateral nodule group with unilateral adrenal nodules and the contralateral adrenal glands with hyperplasia or not, and bilateral nodules group with nodules in both adrenal glands. Regarding the related factors of dominant side of aldosterone secretion, univariate analysis and binary logistic regression were used. Receiver operating characteristic curve and nomogram were used to evaluate the diagnostic performance of regression models. Results: A total of 237 patients with PA were included, of which, 118 males and 119 females, the median age was 39 years, and the body mass index (BMI) was (25.2±3.5) kg/m2. There were 157 (66.2%) of 237 patients with typical imaging findings. There were 32 cases in no-nodular group, 183 cases in unilateral nodule group, and 22 cases in bilateral nodules group. Multivariate analysis showed that age (OR=0.876, P<0.001), blood potassium concentration (OR=0.430, P=0.004), and typical imaging findings (OR=2.202, P=0.035) were associated with unilateral aldosterone secretion. As for unilateral nodule group, multivariate analysis showed that age (OR=0.900, P<0.001), plasma aldosteronism concentration (PAC) (OR=1.050, P=0.018), and typical imaging findings (OR=2.637, P=0.025) were associated with unilateral aldosterone secretion. The agreement rate between the dominant side of the adrenal CT and AVS was only 50.2%. Multivariate analysis showed that age (OR=0.954, P=0.001), BMI (OR=0.893, P=0.024) and PAC (OR=1.043, P=0.011) were independently associated with concordance between AVS and CT. The cut-off value of the ROC curve was 0.43; the model sensitivity was 56.3%; the specificity was 86.7% and the area under the ROC curve was 0.742. Conclusions: Age is an important predictor in the diagnosis of PA subtypes. It is recommended to refer to subgroup based on imaging results for clinical decision. For patients with no obvious lesions or bilateral lesions on CT, AVS should be performed as far as possible to confirm the subtypes in diagnosis of PA.


Assuntos
Aldosterona , Hiperaldosteronismo , Glândulas Suprarrenais , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperaldosteronismo/diagnóstico , Masculino , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(8): 794-798, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517463

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the regulation of macrophage polarization and its effects on liver cancer invasion, metastasis and apoptosis by CCAAT/enhancer binding protein δ (CEBPD). Methods: THP-1 stable transfected cells with knockdown CEBPD (shCEBPD) and negative control shNC were constructed by lentviral transfection technique. THP-1 transfected cells were induced into macrophages, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and interferon γ(IFNγ) by phorbol 12-tetradecanoate 13-acetate (PMA), and then the polarized macrophages were further induced to M1 type. The quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect M1 type macrophage related interleukin 1ß (IL-1ß) genes, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα), and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) mRNA expression level. Flow cytometry was used to detect M1 macrophage-specific surface marker CD80 expression levels. M1-induced macrophages were co-cultured with liver cancer MHCC97H cells using Transwell non-contact small sized co-culture dishes. MHCC97H cells invasion and metastasis were detected by Transwell and scratch assay under co-culture conditions, and the MHCC97H cells apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry. Results: The mRNA expression levels of M1 macrophage marker genes iNOS, TNFα, IL-6 and IL-1ß in THP-1 derived macrophages were decreased after CEBPD knockdown. M1 macrophage-specific surface marker CD80 expression levels were decreased (23.7% ± 2.1% and 62.5% ± 2.0%, t = 9.58, P < 0.05). THP-1 were co-cultured with MHCC97H in shCEBPD and shNC group, respectively. Compared with shNC group, the invasion [(158.0 ± 3.5) and (75.0 ± 4.5), t = 39.87, P < 0.01] and metastatic ability (54.6% ± 1.5% and 24.3% ± 1.0%, P < 0.01) of MHCC97H cells co-cultured in shCEBPD group were stronger and the apoptosis rate was reduced [(9.4% ± 1.0%) vs. (23.7% ± 1.2%), t = 12.68, P < 0.01]. Conclusion: CEBPD can inhibit the invasion and metastasis and increase the apoptosis by amplifying M1 type macrophages polarization in liver cancer cells.


Assuntos
Proteína delta de Ligação ao Facilitador CCAAT , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Proteínas de Transporte , Humanos , Ativação de Macrófagos , Macrófagos
15.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(8): 633-639, 2021 Aug 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333914

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the characteristics and prognosis of hearing loss in children with bacterial meningitis. Methods: This was a single-center retrospective cohort study. Patients diagnosed with bacterial meningitis who were hospitalized in Beijing Children's Hospital between 2010 and 2016 and older than 28 days and younger than 18 years at symptom onset were included in this study (n=573). All clinical information including hearing assessment results during hospitalization were reviewed. All patients with hearing loss were followed up to repeat their hearing test and assess their hearing condition with parents' evaluation of aural and (or) oral performance of children (PEACH). Patients were grouped according to their hearing assessment results, and Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the risk factors for hearing loss in patients with bacterial meningitis. Results: Five hundred and seventy-three patients were enrolled in this study, including 347 males and 226 females. The onset age ranged from 29 days to 15.8 years. Two hundred and forty-six patients had identified causative pathogens, among whom 92 cases (37.4%) were pneumococcal meningitis cases. Hearing loss was found in 160 cases (27.9%) during hospitalization, involving 240 ears. Permanent hearing loss was found in 20 cases (16.9%), involving 32 ears. In the patients with permanent hearing loss, 87.5% (28/32) of ears were identified as severe or profound hearing loss during hospitalization. Logistic regression analysis showed that dystonia, the protein concentration level in cerebrospinal fluid>1 g/L, glucose concentration level lower than 1 mmol/L and subdural effusion were independent risk factors for hearing loss (OR=2.426 (1.450-4.059), 1.865 (1.186-2.932), 1.544 (1.002-2.381) and 1.904 (1.291-2.809)). Conclusions: Hearing loss is a common sequela of bacterial meningitis in children. Most patients have transient hearing loss, but patients with severe or profound hearing impairment have a higher risk of developing permanent hearing loss.


Assuntos
Surdez , Perda Auditiva , Meningites Bacterianas , Meningite Pneumocócica , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Perda Auditiva/epidemiologia , Perda Auditiva/etiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Meningites Bacterianas/complicações , Meningites Bacterianas/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
J Dent Res ; : 220345211035775, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34428955

RESUMO

An intuitive, clinically relevant index of microbial dysbiosis as a summary statistic of subgingival microbiome profiles is needed. Here, we describe a subgingival microbial dysbiosis index (SMDI) based on machine learning analysis of published periodontitis/health 16S microbiome data. The raw sequencing data, split into training and test sets, were quality filtered, taxonomically assigned to the species level, and centered log-ratio transformed. The training data set was subject to random forest analysis to identify discriminating species (DS) between periodontitis and health. DS lists, compiled by various "Gini" importance score cutoffs, were used to compute the SMDI for samples in the training and test data sets as the mean centered log-ratio abundance of periodontitis-associated species subtracted by that of health-associated ones. Diagnostic accuracy was assessed with receiver operating characteristic analysis. An SMDI based on 49 DS provided the highest accuracy with areas under the curve of 0.96 and 0.92 in the training and test data sets, respectively, and ranged from -6 (most normobiotic) to 5 (most dysbiotic) with a value around zero discriminating most of the periodontitis and healthy samples. The top periodontitis-associated DS were Treponema denticola, Mogibacterium timidum, Fretibacterium spp., and Tannerella forsythia, while Actinomyces naeslundii and Streptococcus sanguinis were the top health-associated DS. The index was highly reproducible by hypervariable region. Applying the index to additional test data sets in which nitrate had been used to modulate the microbiome demonstrated that nitrate has dysbiosis-lowering properties in vitro and in vivo. Finally, 3 genera (Treponema, Fretibacterium, and Actinomyces) were identified that could be used for calculation of a simplified SMDI with comparable accuracy. In conclusion, we have developed a nonbiased, reproducible, and easy-to-interpret index that can be used to identify patients/sites at risk of periodontitis, to assess the microbial response to treatment, and, importantly, as a quantitative tool in microbiome modulation studies.

18.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(3): 031102, 2021 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34328784

RESUMO

We report observations of gamma-ray emissions with energies in the 100-TeV energy region from the Cygnus region in our Galaxy. Two sources are significantly detected in the directions of the Cygnus OB1 and OB2 associations. Based on their positional coincidences, we associate one with a pulsar PSR J2032+4127 and the other mainly with a pulsar wind nebula PWN G75.2+0.1, with the pulsar moving away from its original birthplace situated around the centroid of the observed gamma-ray emission. This work would stimulate further studies of particle acceleration mechanisms at these gamma-ray sources.

19.
Science ; 373(6553): 425-430, 2021 07 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34261813

RESUMO

The Crab Nebula is a bright source of gamma rays powered by the Crab Pulsar's rotational energy through the formation and termination of a relativistic electron-positron wind. We report the detection of gamma rays from this source with energies from 5 × 10-4 to 1.1 peta-electron volts with a spectrum showing gradual steepening over three energy decades. The ultrahigh-energy photons imply the presence of a peta-electron volt electron accelerator (a pevatron) in the nebula, with an acceleration rate exceeding 15% of the theoretical limit. We constrain the pevatron's size between 0.025 and 0.1 parsecs and the magnetic field to ≈110 microgauss. The production rate of peta-electron volt electrons, 2.5 × 1036 ergs per second, constitutes 0.5% of the pulsar spin-down luminosity, although we cannot exclude a contribution of peta-electron volt protons to the production of the highest-energy gamma rays.

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