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1.
Acta Paediatr ; 2020 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32421888

RESUMO

AIM: This systematic review evaluates the current evidence for the use of probiotics in the prevention of acute otitis media (AOM) in children. METHODS: This study is registered with PROSPERO prior to commencement. PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane database were searched using relating keywords. All literature was screened to determine relatability to the topic. Review articles were also screened for additional literature. RESULTS: Thirteen studies were found on probiotics and their role in preventing AOM in children. They ranged in quality from poor to moderate. Half (2/4) of the studies that used nasal probiotic formulations showed a significant difference in reducing otitis media, whilst only a third (3/9) of the studies using oral formulations suggest benefit in reducing AOM. None of the studies demonstrated significant adverse effects from probiotics. CONCLUSION: The evidence for any effect of probiotics on the prevention of AOM is limited, the overall low quality of studies makes it difficult to draw definitive conclusions. No serious adverse events were noted, and there is some evidence to suggest possible benefit with nasal probiotic administration.

2.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 6774, 2020 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32317677

RESUMO

Smoking tobacco is the major risk factor for developing lung cancer. However, most Han Chinese women with lung cancer are nonsmokers. Chinese cooking methods usually generate various carcinogens in fumes that may inevitably be inhaled by those who cook the food, most of whom are female. We investigated the associations of cooking habits and exposure to cooking fumes with lung cancer among non-smoking Han Chinese women. This study was conducted on 1,302 lung cancer cases and 1,302 matched healthy controls in Taiwan during 2002-2010. Two indices, "cooking time-years" and "fume extractor use ratio," were developed. The former was used to explore the relationship between cumulative exposure to cooking oil fumes and lung cancer; the latter was used to assess the impact of fume extractor use for different ratio-of-use groups. Using logistic models, we found a dose-response association between cooking fume exposure and lung cancer (odds ratios of 1, 1.63, 1.67, 2.14, and 3.17 across increasing levels of cooking time-years). However, long-term use of a fume extractor in cooking can reduce the risk of lung cancer by about 50%. Furthermore, we provide evidence that cooking habits, involving cooking methods and oil use, are associated with risk of lung cancer.

3.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 59(19): 7367-7371, 2020 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32074393

RESUMO

N-alkylisonitrile, a precursor to isonitrile-containing lipopeptides, is biosynthesized by decarboxylation-assisted -N≡C group (isonitrile) formation by using N-alkylglycine as the substrate. This reaction is catalyzed by iron(II) and 2-oxoglutarate (Fe/2OG) dependent enzymes. Distinct from typical oxygenation or halogenation reactions catalyzed by this class of enzymes, installation of the isonitrile group represents a novel reaction type for Fe/2OG enzymes that involves a four-electron oxidative process. Reported here is a plausible mechanism of three Fe/2OG enzymes, Sav607, ScoE and SfaA, which catalyze isonitrile formation. The X-ray structures of iron-loaded ScoE in complex with its substrate and the intermediate, along with biochemical and biophysical data reveal that -N≡C bond formation involves two cycles of Fe/2OG enzyme catalysis. The reaction starts with an FeIV -oxo-catalyzed hydroxylation. It is likely followed by decarboxylation-assisted desaturation to complete isonitrile installation.

4.
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev ; 29(2): 452-459, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31848206

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High disease burden suggests the desirability to identify high-risk Asian never-smoking females (NSF) who may benefit from low-dose CT (LDCT) screening. In North America, one is eligible for LDCT screening if one satisfies the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) criteria or has model-estimated 6-year risk greater than 0.0151. According to two U.S. reports, only 36.6% female patients with lung cancer met the USPSTF criteria, while 38% of the ever-smokers ages 55 to 74 years met the USPSTF criteria. METHODS: Using data on NSFs in the Taiwan Genetic Epidemiology Study of Lung Adenocarcinoma and the Taiwan Biobank before August 2016, we formed an age-matched case-control study consisting of 1,748 patients with lung cancer and 6,535 controls. Using these and an estimated age-specific lung cancer 6-year incidence rate among Taiwanese NSFs, we developed the Taiwanese NSF Lung Cancer Risk Models using genetic information and simplified questionnaire (TNSF-SQ). Performance evaluation was based on the newer independent datasets: Taiwan Lung Cancer Pharmacogenomics Study (LCPG) and Taiwan Biobank data after August 2016 (TWB2). RESULTS: The AUC based on the NSFs ages 55 to 70 years in LCPG and TWB2 was 0.714 [95% confidence intervals (CI), 0.660-0.768]. For women in TWB2 ages 55 to 70 years, 3.94% (95% CI, 2.95-5.13) had risk higher than 0.0151. For women in LCPG ages 55 to 74 years, 27.03% (95% CI, 19.04-36.28) had risk higher than 0.0151. CONCLUSIONS: TNSF-SQ demonstrated good discriminative power. The ability to identify 27.03% of high-risk Asian NSFs ages 55 to 74 years deserves attention. IMPACT: TNSF-SQ seems potentially useful in selecting Asian NSFs for LDCT screening.

5.
Chemistry ; 25(61): 13865-13868, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31486553

RESUMO

(NH4 )2 [Zn2 (O3 PCH2 CH2 COO)2 ]⋅5 H2 O (BIRM-1) is a new metal phosphonate material, synthesized through a simple hydrothermal reaction between zinc nitrate and 3-phosphonopropionic acid, using urea and tetraethylammonium bromide as the reaction medium. In common with other metal-organic framework materials, BIRM-1 has a large three-dimensional porous structure providing potential access to a high internal surface area. Unlike most others, it has the advantage of containing ammonium cations within the pores and has the ability to undergo cation exchange. Additionally, BIRM-1 also exhibits a reversible dehydration behavior involving an amorphization-recrystallization cycle. The ability to undergo ion exchange and dynamic structural behavior are of interest in their own right, but also increase the range of potential applications for this material. Here the crystal structure of this new metal phosphonate and its ion exchange behavior with K+ as an exemplar are studied in detail, and its unusual structure-reviving property reported.

6.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 9(9)2019 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31540013

RESUMO

We demonstrate excellent color quality of liquid-type white light-emitting diodes (WLEDs) using a combination of green light-emitting CsPbBr3 and red light-emitting CdSe/ZnS quantum dots (QDs). Previously, we reported red (CsPbBr1.2I1.8) and green (CsPbBr3) perovskite QDs (PQDs)-based WLEDs with high color gamut, which manifested fast anion exchange and stability issues. Herein, the replacement of red PQDs with CdSe/ZnS QDs has resolved the aforementioned problems effectively and improved both stability and efficiency. Further, the proposed liquid-type device possesses outstanding color gamut performance (132% of National Television System Committee and 99% of Rec. 2020). It also shows a high efficiency of 66 lm/W and an excellent long-term operation stability for over 1000 h.

7.
Nano Lett ; 19(9): 6424-6428, 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31442060

RESUMO

A new concept for second-harmonic generation (SHG) in an optical nanocircuit is proposed. We demonstrate both theoretically and experimentally that the symmetry of an optical mode alone is sufficient to allow SHG even in centro-symmetric structures made of centro-symmetric material. The concept is realized using a plasmonic two-wire transmission-line (TWTL), which simultaneously supports a symmetric and an antisymmetric mode. We first confirm that emission of second-harmonic light into the symmetric mode of the waveguide is symmetry-allowed when the fundamental excited waveguide modes are either purely symmetric or antisymmetric. We further switch the emission into the antisymmetric mode when a controlled mixture of the fundamental modes is excited simultaneously. Our results open up a new degree of freedom into the designs of nonlinear optical components and should pave a new avenue toward multifunctional nanophotonic circuitry.

8.
Molecules ; 24(2)2019 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30634658

RESUMO

Two new sesquiterpenoids peltopterins A and B (compounds 1 and 2) and fifty-two known compounds were isolated from the methanol extract of P. pterocarpum and their chemical structures were established through spectroscopic and mass spectrometric analyses. The isolates 40, 43, 44, 47, 48, 51 and 52 exhibited potential inhibitory effects of superoxide anion generation or elastase release.


Assuntos
Fabaceae/química , Sesquiterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Espectrometria de Massas , Estrutura Molecular , Elastase Pancreática/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/análise , Folhas de Planta/química , Sesquiterpenos/química , Superóxidos/metabolismo
9.
Materials (Basel) ; 11(12)2018 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30486518

RESUMO

The phase equilibrium of the Ni⁻Al⁻La ternary system in a nickel-rich region was observed at 800 °C and 1000 °C using scanning electron microscopy backscattered electron imaging, energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry and X-ray diffractometry. The solubility of Al in the Ni5La phase was remeasured at 800 °C and 1000 °C. Herein, we report a new ternary phase, termed Ni2AlLa, confirmed at 800 °C. Its X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern was indexed and space group determined using Total Pattern Solution (TOPAS), and the suitable lattice parameters were fitted using the Pawley method and selected-area electron diffraction. Ni2AlLa crystallizes in the trigonal system with a space group R3 (no. 146), a = 4.1985 Å and c = 13.6626 Å. A self-consistent set of thermodynamic parameters for the Al⁻La and Ni⁻La binary systems and the Ni⁻Al⁻La ternary system includes a Ni2AlLa ternary phase, which was optimized using the CALPHAD method. The calculated thermodynamic and phase-equilibria data for the binary and ternary systems are consistent with the literature and measured data.

10.
Nano Lett ; 18(9): 6002-6008, 2018 09 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30142981

RESUMO

Optical nanoantennas mediate near and far optical fields. Operating a directional nanoantenna in transmitting mode is challenging because the antenna needs to be driven by a nanosized optical frequency generator, which must work at the antenna's resonance frequency and be precisely attached to the antenna's feed with correct polarization. Quantum emitters have been used as optical nanogenerators, but their precise positioning relative to the nanoantenna is technically challenging, setting up a barrier to the practical implementation. One unique source to drive nanoantenna is the photoluminescence from the material of the nanoantenna because the high operational frequency of the antenna reaches the regime for the electronic transitions in matter. Here, we exploit plasmon-modulated photoluminescence (PMPL) as an effective optical source to drive directional nanoantennas. We experimentally realize two technically challenging theoretical proposals, namely, an optical nanospectrometer based on Yagi-Uda nanoantennas and tunable broadband directional emission from log-periodic nanoantennas. Using photoluminescence from the nanoantenna as an optical source promotes practical implementation of transmitting optical nanoantennas.

11.
PLoS One ; 13(8): e0202224, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30096190

RESUMO

We evaluated the prognostic significance of immunologic inhibitory biomarkers in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients undergoing definitive chemoradiotherapy (CRT). Thirty patients were prospectively enrolled. Plasma levels of soluble MHC class I polypeptide-related sequence A (sMICA) and transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1) were measured before and 2 weeks after CRT. The median follow-up was 32.9 months (range: 12.4-40.6 months). The pre-treatment sMICA (p < 0.001) and TGF-ß1 (p < 0.001) levels were significantly increased in HNSCC patients, compared to healthy controls. In HNSCC patients, the median pre-CRT and post-CRT sMICA levels were 43.1 pg/mL and 65.3 pg/mL, respectively, while the median pre-CRT and post-CRT TGF-ß1 levels were 57.7 ng/mL and 36.0 ng/mL, respectively. After CRT, 19 patients (63.3%) exhibited persistently elevated sMICA, six patients (20.0%) exhibited persistently elevated TGF-ß1, and five patients (16.7%) exhibited persistently elevated sMICA and TGF-ß1. Patients with persistently elevated sMICA and TGF-ß1 after CRT experienced an earlier tumor progression (p = 0.030), and poor overall survival (p = 0.010). Our results suggest that HNSCC patients who exhibit persistently elevated sMICA and TGF-ß1 levels after CRT are at higher risk of tumor progression or death.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/imunologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I/sangue , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/imunologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/imunologia , Quimiorradioterapia , Progressão da Doença , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/sangue , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Prospectivos , Solubilidade , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/sangue
12.
Hu Li Za Zhi ; 65(3): 28-37, 2018 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29790137

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) face a higher risk of diabetic foot neuropathy, which increases the risk of death. The early detection of factors that influence diabetic neuropathy reduces the risk of foot lesions, including foot ulcerations, lower extremity amputation, and mortality. PURPOSE: To explore the demographic, disease-characteristic, health-literacy, and foot-self-care-behavior factors that affect diabetic foot neuropathy in patients with T2DM. METHODS: A case-control study design was employed in which cases (Michigan Neuropathy Screening Instrument, MNSI) ≥ 2 were matched to controls based on age and gender in a medical center. A total of 114 patients diagnosed with T2DM in a medical center were recruited as participants. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire. The collected data were analyzed using Fisher's exact test, Mann-Whitney U test, and logistic regression. RESULTS: The results of multiple logistic regression showed that glycated hemoglobin (B = 1.696, p = .041) and communication and critical health literacy (B = -0.082, p = .034) were significant factors of diabetic foot neuropathy. CONCLUSIONS / IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The findings of this study suggest that nurses should assess the health literacy of patients with T2DM before providing health education and should develop a specific foot-care intervention for individuals with poor glycemic control.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Pé Diabético/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
13.
Beilstein J Nanotechnol ; 9: 137-145, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29441259

RESUMO

A simple and straightforward synthetic approach for carbon nanodots (C-dots) is proposed. The strategy is based on a one-step hydrothermal chemical reduction with thiourea and urea, leading to high quantum yield C-dots. The obtained C-dots are well-dispersed with a uniform size and a graphite-like structure. A synergistic reduction mechanism was investigated using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The findings show that using both thiourea and urea during the one-pot synthesis enhances the luminescence of the generated C-dots. Moreover, the prepared C-dots have a high distribution of functional groups on their surface. In this work, C-dots proved to be a suitable nanomaterial for imaging of bacteria and exhibit potential for application in bioimaging thanks to their low cytotoxicity.

14.
Opt Express ; 25(17): 20466-20476, 2017 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29041727

RESUMO

This study presents the low cost fabrication of flexible white-light-emitting diodes (w-LEDs) with nano-honeycomb-structured phosphor films. Extending the dimensions of the nano-honeycomb structures improved the color uniformity of the flexible samples, and the 950-nm pattern sample demonstrated optimal color uniformity because this nano-pattern exhibited an excellent diffusion ability owing to its pitch size. In addition to color uniformity, the use of this nano-pattern improved the luminous efficiency. The 750-nm pattern exhibited the highest luminous efficiency (235.8 lm/W), which was approximately 7% higher than that exhibited by a non-patterned phosphor film sample. Thus, flexible w-LEDs with nano-honeycomb structure optimization have great potential to be used as next-generation lighting sources.

15.
Sci Rep ; 7: 43492, 2017 03 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28262761

RESUMO

Autoimmune hypophysitis (AH) is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by infiltration of T and B lymphocytes in the pituitary gland. The mechanisms through which infiltrating lymphocytes cause disease remain unknown. Using a mouse model of AH we assessed whether T lymphocytes undergo activation in the pituitary gland. Infiltrating T cells co-localized with dendritic cells in the pituitary and produced increased levels of interferon-γ and interleukin-17 upon stimulation in vitro. Assessing proliferation of CD3- and B220-postive lymphocytes by double immunohistochemistry (PCNA-staining) and flow cytometry (BrdU incorporation) revealed that a discrete proportion of infiltrating T cells and B cells underwent proliferation within the pituitary parenchyma. This proliferation persisted into the late disease stage (day 56 post-immunization), indicating the presence of a continuous generation of autoreactive T and B cells within the pituitary gland. T cell proliferation in the pituitary was confirmed in patients affected by autoimmune hypophysitis. In conclusion, we show that pituitary-infiltrating lymphocytes proliferate in situ during AH, providing a previously unknown pathogenic mechanism and new avenues for treatment.


Assuntos
Hipofisite Autoimune/imunologia , Hipofisite Autoimune/patologia , Ativação Linfocitária/imunologia , Hipófise/imunologia , Hipófise/patologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Animais , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Linfócitos B/patologia , Biomarcadores , Proliferação de Células , Citocinas/metabolismo , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Imuno-Histoquímica , Imunofenotipagem , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Contagem de Linfócitos , Camundongos , Linfócitos T/metabolismo
16.
Cell Biol Int ; 41(3): 345-352, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28035725

RESUMO

Cyclophosphamide is indicated for the treatment of cancerous diseases such as breast cancer and cervical cancer. Recent studies have shown that cyclophosphamide may induce cancer metastasis, but the cause of this unexpected adverse effect is not fully understood. In this study, we investigate the effect of cyclophosphamide on cancer cell migration and its correlation to chemokine (C-X-C motif) receptor 4 (CXCR4), a biomarker for cancer metastasis. Two human cancer cell lines with significant difference in endogenous CXCR4 expression, the breast cancer cell line, MDA-MB-231, and the melanoma cell line, MDA-MB-435S, were treated with various concentrations of cyclophosphamide, followed by the assessment of CXCR4 expression and cell migration. We found that the migration ability of MDA-MB-231 cells was enhanced with increasing concentrations of cyclophosphamide, which induced the cell-surface expression of CXCR4, but had no effect on the overall amount of CXCR4. In MDA-MB-435S cells, in which CXCR4 was barely detectable, cyclophosphamide was unable to activate cell-surface CXCR4, and did not promote cell migration. Studies on the mRNA expression profile of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in MDA-MB-231 cells further indicate that MMP9 and MMP13 may be involved in the action of cyclophosphamide. The protein expression of both MMP9 and MMP13 was increased in the presence of cyclophosphamide. Results from this study provide the molecular basis for the possible pathway of cyclophosphamide to induce cancer metastasis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Ciclofosfamida/toxicidade , Metaloproteinases da Matriz/biossíntese , Receptores CXCR4/biossíntese , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Humanos
17.
PLoS One ; 11(12): e0169005, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28030645

RESUMO

The adipocyte is unique in its capacity to store lipids. In addition to triglycerides, the adipocyte stores a significant amount of cholesterol. Moreover, obese adipocytes are characterized by a redistribution of cholesterol with depleted cholesterol in the plasma membrane, suggesting that cholesterol perturbation may play a role in adipocyte dysfunction. We used methyl-ß-cyclodextrin (MßCD), a molecule with high affinity for cholesterol, to rapidly deplete cholesterol level in differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes. We tested whether this perturbation altered adipocyte secretion of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), a chemokine that is elevated in obesity and is linked to obesity-associated chronic diseases. Depletion of cholesterol by MßCD increased MCP-1 secretion as well as the mRNA and protein levels, suggesting perturbation at biosynthesis and secretion. Pharmacological inhibition revealed that NF-κB, but not MEK, p38 and JNK, was involved in MßCD-stimulated MCP-1 biosynthesis and secretion in adipocytes. Finally, another cholesterol-binding drug, filipin, also induced MCP-1 secretion without altering membrane cholesterol level. Interestingly, both MßCD and filipin disturbed the integrity of lipid rafts, the membrane microdomains enriched in cholesterol. Thus, the depletion of membrane cholesterol in obese adipocytes may result in dysfunction of lipid rafts, leading to the elevation of proinflammatory signaling and MCP-1 secretion in adipocytes.


Assuntos
Adipócitos/metabolismo , Quimiocina CCL2/metabolismo , Colesterol/metabolismo , Microdomínios da Membrana/patologia , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Células 3T3-L1 , Adipócitos/citologia , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Microdomínios da Membrana/metabolismo , Camundongos , Transdução de Sinais , beta-Ciclodextrinas/farmacologia
18.
Inorg Chem ; 55(24): 12686-12695, 2016 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27989190

RESUMO

Cs2TiNb6O18 is a potential ceramic wasteform for the long-term immobilization of radioactive cesium. Cs2TiNb6O18 was synthesized using the aqueous precursor method and a solid-state reaction, and its crystal structure was determined from the Rietveld refinement of synchrotron X-ray and neutron powder diffraction data. The structure is a pyrochlore analogue, space group P3̅m1 with Cs in 9-fold coordination. The calculated bond valence sum from analysis of neutron diffraction data of 0.84 and high coordination number suggest that Cs has a strong bonding environment. The chemical aqueous durability was investigated using the MCC-1 and PCT-B standard test methods. The measured Cs leach rates of 3.8 × 10-3 and 2.1 × 10-3 g m-2 day-1 obtained via the MCC-1 and PCT-B methods, respectively, demonstrate good promise of a safe long-term immobilization material comparable to, if not better than, hollandite-the material in the multiphase titanate ceramics (Synroc) targeted for cesium sequestration.

19.
Sensors (Basel) ; 16(8)2016 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27537887

RESUMO

Fast hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) determination is important for environmental risk and health-related considerations. We used a microbial fuel cell-based biosensor inoculated with a facultatively anaerobic, Cr(VI)-reducing, and exoelectrogenic Ochrobactrum anthropi YC152 to determine the Cr(VI) concentration in water. The results indicated that O. anthropi YC152 exhibited high adaptability to pH, temperature, salinity, and water quality under anaerobic conditions. The stable performance of the microbial fuel cell (MFC)-based biosensor indicated its potential as a reliable biosensor system. The MFC voltage decreased as the Cr(VI) concentration in the MFC increased. Two satisfactory linear relationships were observed between the Cr(VI) concentration and voltage output for various Cr(VI) concentration ranges (0.0125-0.3 mg/L and 0.3-5 mg/L). The MFC biosensor is a simple device that can accurately measure Cr(VI) concentrations in drinking water, groundwater, and electroplating wastewater in 45 min with low deviations (<10%). The use of the biosensor can help in preventing the violation of effluent regulations and the maximum allowable concentration of Cr(VI) in water. Thus, the developed MFC biosensor has potential as an early warning detection device for Cr(VI) determination even if O. anthropi YC152 is a possible opportunistic pathogen.


Assuntos
Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica/microbiologia , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Cromo/isolamento & purificação , Ochrobactrum anthropi/química , Anaerobiose , Cromo/toxicidade , Ochrobactrum anthropi/genética , Esgotos/química , Esgotos/microbiologia , Águas Residuárias/química , Purificação da Água/métodos
20.
PLoS One ; 11(7): e0159681, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27448242

RESUMO

This study developed a novel and inexpensive detection method based on a TaqMan probe-based insulated isothermal polymerase chain reaction (iiPCR) method for the rapid detection of Panama disease caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Foc) race 4, which is currently among the most serious fungal vascular diseases worldwide. By using the portable POCKIT™ device with the novel primer set iiFoc-1/iiFoc-2, the Foc race 4 iiPCR assay (including DNA amplification and signal monitoring) could be completed within one hour. The developed Foc race 4 iiPCR assay is thus a user-friendly and efficient platform designed specifically for the detection of Foc race 4. The detection limit of this optimized Foc iiPCR system was estimated to be 1 copy of the target standard DNA as well as 1 fg of the Foc genomic DNA. This approach can serve as a rapid detection method for in planta detection of Foc race 4 in field-infected banana. It was concluded that this molecular detection procedure based on iiPCR has good potential for use as an efficient detection method.


Assuntos
Fusarium/genética , Musa/microbiologia , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
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