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1.
Hernia ; 2020 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32424728

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Inguinal hernia often occurs in elderly men, and more than one in five men will undergo inguinal hernia repair during their lifetime. Nevertheless, the underlying molecular mechanisms of the pathogenesis behind hernia formation is still unclear. The aims in this study are finding out the potential gene markers and available drugs. METHODS: Firstly, we re-analyzed the GSE92748 datasets, including four high and four low expressions of humanized aromatase transgenic mice, which refers to mimic humanized hernia, to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in AromhumH group compared with AromhumL group by the criteria: fold change ≥ 1.4 and adjust P value < 0.05. Secondly, the gene ontology and signaling pathway enrichment analyses of these DEGs were performed through online databases. In addition to the protein and protein interaction networks among these DEGs were constructed and the significant gene modules were chosen for further gene-drug interaction analysis. Lastly, the existing drugs target to these module genes were screen to explore the therapeutic effect for treatment of hernia. RESULTS: We have identified 64 DEGs, which were associated with muscle system process, actomyosin structure organization etc. Moreover, the significant module genes in PPI networks were Cmya1, Casq2, Cmya5, Ttn, Csrp3 and Actc1, and one existing drug, DEXAMETHASONE, have targeted to Actc1 gene. CONCLUSIONS: In the paper, we identified 6 potential genes and one existing drug for inguinal hernia, which might be used as targets and drugs for the study of inguinal hernia.

2.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(9): 4766-4774, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32432740

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the expression level and potential molecular mechanism of microRNA-1324 in gastric cancer (GCa) to provide a new perspective for the diagnosis and treatment of GCa. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The expression levels of microRNA-1324 and MECP2 in GCa tissues and cell lines were detected using quantitative Real Time Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). The influence of microRNA-1324 and MECP2 on the proliferation or invasiveness of GCa cells were investigated by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and colony formation assay or transwell assay, respectively. Furthermore, the regulatory interplay between microRNA-1324 and MECP2 was verified via Dual-Luciferase reporting assay, qRT-PCR, and Western Blot. RESULTS: QRT-PCR results revealed that microRNA-1324 expression was remarkably down-regulated in GCa tissues and cell lines, while the expression of MECP2 was remarkably up-regulated. Subsequently, we confirmed that miR-1324 could target and bind to MECP2, as well as inhibit its expression. Inhibition of microRNA-1324 remarkably enhanced the proliferative capacity and invasiveness of GCa cells. However, opposite results were observed after inhibiting MECP2 expression. At the same time, flow cytometry revealed that inhibition of microRNA-1324 accelerated cell cycle but inhibited apoptosis. Conversely, opposite results were observed when MECP2 was down-regulated in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: MicroRNA-1324 was remarkably down-regulated in GCa tissues or cell lines. Meanwhile, it could inhibit MECP2 expression, and promote the proliferation and invasion of GCa cells, eventually participating in the occurrence and development of GCa.

3.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(9): 5053-5061, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32432769

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Neuropathic pain is directly developed from lesions or somatosensory nervous system diseases that are associated with emotion regulation. In general population, the incidence of neuropathic pain ranges from 7% to 10%, but the underlying mechanism remains largely unknown. Neuropathic pain is often associated with structural and functional abnormalities in multiple brain regions, and its regulation has been shown to correspond with the forebrain, including nucleus accumbens (NAc), medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and periaqueductal gray (PAG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: To investigate the molecular mechanism of neuropathic pain across different brain regions, we identified the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between the spared nerve injury model (SNI) mice suffering neuropathic pain and the control Sham mice in NAc, mPFC and PAG three brain regions, and mapped these genes onto a comprehensively functional association network. Thereafter, novel neuropathic pain genes in these three regions were identified using With Random Walk with Restart (RWR) analysis, such as Asic3, Cd200r1 and MT2, besides well-known Capn11 and CYP2E1. RESULTS: Interactions or cross talks among DEGs in NAc, mPFC and PAG three brain regions were discovered. CONCLUSIONS: Our results provide novel insights into neuropathic pain and help to explore therapeutic targets in the treatment.

4.
Neoplasma ; 2020 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32386484

RESUMO

With the increasing number of elderly patients, the risk of diseases such as colorectal cancer (CRC) has increased. The objective of this prospective study was to explore the effects of sarcopenia, hypoalbuminemia and laparoscopic surgery on postoperative complications among elderly patients who recently underwent colorectal surgery. Patients aged over 65 years who underwent surgery for CRC at the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University were considered for this study. The demographical and clinical characteristics of these patients, as well as postoperative complications, were prospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into two groups depending on the diagnosis of sarcopenia and the clinical variables corresponding to the two groups were compared. Further, the risk factors associated with postoperative complications were evaluated using univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis. A total of 360 patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Incidences of postoperative complications in the sarcopenia and non-sarcopenia groups were at 38.3% and 27.3%, respectively. In addition, sarcopenia (P = 0.029) and hypoalbuminemia (P = 0.010) were identified as independent risk factors, while laparoscopic surgery (P = 0.023) was identified a protective factor for postoperative complications. However, laparoscopic surgery was a protective factor for postoperative complications in the colon group only (P = 0.001). Sarcopenia and hypoalbuminemia are independent risk factors that influence the probability of developing complications following CRC surgery. Laparoscopic surgery is a protective factor for postoperative complications of CRC patients, particularly colon cancer patients.

5.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(5): 503-510, 2020 May 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32388950

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the relationship between urinary polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons(PAHs) metabolites and pulmonary function in community population. Methods: A total of 4 812 participants were recruited from two communities in Wuhan city from April to May 2011 and two communities in Zhuhai city in May 2012. Information of demographic characteristics and life style was collected by semi-structural questionnaire. Physical examination was performed and pulmonary function was measured. Morning urine was also collected. The concentration of 12 urinary PAHs metabolites was tested and classified into four types by chemical structure, including hydroxynaphthalene, hydroxyfluorene, hydroxyphenanthrene and hydroxypyrene. The level of pulmonary function in different group of urinary PAHs metabolites was compared by using covariance analysis. The association of the urinary PAHs metabolites and pulmonary function was analyzed by using generalized linear model, and the interaction of different population characteristics and life style on the association was analyzed. Results: The age of participants was(51.99±13.64) years old, and 67.66% (n=2 565) of the population were women. The M (P(25), P(75)) of concentration of total urinary PAHs metabolites was 5.72 (3.91,8.72) µg/mmol Cr. After controlling for variables including age, gender, city, Waist-to-Hip Ratio, smoking status, drinking situation, physical activity, cooking meals at home or not, kitchen ventilation and exposure to dust as confounding factors, generalized linear model showed that each 1-unit increase in log-transformed levels of hydroxynaphthalene, hydroxyfluorene, hydroxyphenanthrene, hydroxypyrene and total PAHs was associated with 26.83 (95%CI: -48.18, -5.48) , 21.86 (95%CI: -40.49, -3.23), 26.18(95%CI: -48.27, -4.09), 34.95 (95%CI: -55.95, -13.94), and 35.23 (95%CI: -58.93, -11.54) ml reduction of FVC and 29.36 (95%CI: -47.23, -11.48), 20.79 (95%CI: -36.39, -5.19), 22.65 (95%CI: -41.15, -4.15), 31.44(95%CI: -49.03, -13.85), and 33.20 (95%CI: -53.04, -13.36) ml reduction of FEV(1) respectively (all P values<0.05). Compared to non-alcohol users and participants with home cooking, the association was more evident in alcohol users and participants without home cooking(P for interaction<0.05). Conclusion: The exposure to PAHs was associated with decreased pulmonary function, and the association was more evident in alcohol users and participants without home cooking.

6.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32447886

RESUMO

Objective: To develop an air particulate protective mask filter test device that can simulate the dynamics process of human breathing. Methods: The new device used two air pumps working alternately to simulate the dynamics process of human breathing. On March 4th to 17th, 2017, the new device and the traditional one-way airflow mask filtration test device were used to measure the internal and external particle levels of 39 masks of 13 models of 6 brands, and then the filtration efficiency of the mask was calculated and the test results were compared. Results: For the mask without breathing valve, there was no statistically significant difference between the filter efficiency test results of the new device and the traditional unidirectional airflow filter performance test device (P>0.05) . For masks with breathing valves, the new device detected that three of them had lower filtration efficiency (99.50% vs 98.63%, P<0.01) . After sealing the mask breathing valve with glue, the filtering efficiency of the mask with a breathing valve detected by the new device significantly improved (98.63% vs 99.50%, P<0.01) . Conclusion: This new device can simulate the dynamic process of human exhalation and inhalation, and measure the filtration efficiency of the mask. For masks with breathing valves, the new device makes it easier to detect the decrease in the filtering efficiency of the mask caused by the breathing valve.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32455473

RESUMO

Less is known about gastrointestinal (GI) involvement of primary skin diseases due to the difference in embryology, histology, microbiology and physiology between integument and alimentary tract. Esophagus, following the oropharyngeal mucosa, is the most common GI segment affected by primary skin diseases, especially by eosinophilic esophagitis, lichen planus, and autoimmune bullous dermatoses like pemphigus vulgaris, mucosal membrane pemphigoid and epidermolysis bullosa acquisita. Eosinophilic esophagitis is an emerging chronic atopic disease with esophageal dysfunction as the typical presentation, and esophageal narrowing, rings and stricture as late complications. Esophageal lichen planus mainly involves the proximal to mid-esophagus in elderly-aged women with long-term oral mucosal lesions. In acute attack of pemphigus vulgaris esophageal involvement is not uncommon but often neglected and may cause sloughing esophagitis (esophagitis dissecans superficialis) with acute GI bleeding in rare cases. GI manifestation of hereditary bradykininergic angioedema with colicky acute abdomen mostly affects small intestine, usually in the absence of pruritus or urticaria, and is more severe and long-lasting than the acquired histaminergic form. Strong evidence supports association between inflammatory bowel disease, especially Crohn disease, and hidradenitis suppurativa/acne inversa. Patients with vitiligo need surveillance of autoimmune liver disease, autoimmune atrophic gastritis or celiac disease when corresponding symptoms become suspect. Melanoma is the most common primary tumor metastatic to the GI tract, with small intestine predominantly targeted. Gastrointestinal involvement is not uncommon in disseminated mycosis fungoides. Extramammary Paget's disease is an intraepidermal adenocarcinoma of controversial origin and a high association between the ano-genital occurrence and colorectal adenocarcinoma has been reported. As GI tract is the largest organ system with multidimensional functions, dermatologists in daily practice should be aware of the gastrointestinal morbidities related to primary skin diseases for an early diagnosis and treatment.

9.
Poult Sci ; 99(1): 454-462, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32416830

RESUMO

This study evaluated the effects of different dietary zinc (Zn) levels on productive and reproductive performance, egg quality, tibial characteristics, plasma biochemical and antioxidant indices, and zinc deposition in laying duck breeders. A total of 504 Longyan duck breeders aged 21 wk were randomly allocated to 6 treatments and fed a basal diet (Zn, 27.7 mg/kg) or that basal diet supplemented with Zn (as ZnSO4·H2 O) at 10, 20, 40, 80, or 160 mg Zn per kg of feed for 20 wk. Each group had 6 replicates of 14 ducks each. Dietary Zn supplementation affected (P < 0.05) the egg production, FCR, and shell thickness of laying duck breeders from 21 to 40 wk, and there was a quadratic (P < 0.05) effect between them. Dietary Zn supplementation affected (P < 0.05) and quadratically (P < 0.001) increased the breaking strength, density, and dry defatted weight of tibias. Alkaline phosphatase, calcium, phosphorus, total superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and malondialdehyde (MDA) activities or content in plasma were affected (P < 0.05), and quadratically (P < 0.01) changed by dietary Zn levels. Dietary Zn supplementation affected (P < 0.01) and increased the Zn deposition in egg yolk (linear, P < 0.05; quadratic, P < 0.001) and tibia (linear, P < 0.05). The dietary Zn requirements, in mg/kg for a basal diet containing 27.7 mg/kg Zn, for Longyan duck breeders from 21 to 40 wk of age were estimated to be 65.4 for optimizing egg production, 68.6 for FCR, 102 for hatchling BW, 94.7 for eggshell thickness, 77.2 for tibial breaking strength, 81.4 for tibial density, 78.9 for tibial dry defatted weight, 69.5 for plasma GSH-Px activity, 72.4 for plasma MDA content, and 94.6 for Zn content in tibia. Overall, dietary Zn supplementation, up to 160 mg/kg feed, affected the productive performance, eggshell thickness, tibial characteristics, plasma antioxidant status, and Zn deposition of layer duck breeders. Supplementing this basal diet (27.7 mg/kg Zn) with 70 to 80 mg/kg additional Zn was adequate for laying duck breeders during the laying period.

10.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 637, 2020 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32380963

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In China, ethnic minorities often live in frontier areas and have a relatively small population size, and tremendous social transitions have enlarged the gap between eastern and western China, with western China being home to 44 ethnic minority groups. These three disadvantages have health impacts. Examining ethnicity and health inequality in the context of western China is therefore essential. METHODS: This paper is based on data from the 2010 China Survey of Social Change (CSSC2010), which was conducted in 12 provinces, autonomous regions and province-level municipalities in western China and had a sample size of 10,819. We examined self-rated health and disparities in self-rated health between ethnic minorities and Han Chinese in the context of western China. Self-rated health was coded as poor or good, and ethnicity was coded as ethnic minority or Han Chinese. Ethnic differences in self-rated health was examined by using binary logistic regression. Associations among sociodemographic variables, SES variable, health behaviour variable, health problem variables and self-rated health were also explored. RESULTS: Fourteen percent of respondents reported their health to be poor. A total of 15.75% of ethnic minorities and 13.43% of Han Chinese respondents reported their health to be poor, indicating a difference in self-rated health between ethnic minorities and Han Chinese. Age, gender, marital status, education, alcohol, and health problems were the main factors that affected differences in self-rated health. CONCLUSION: In western China, there were obvious ethnic disparities in self-rated health. Elderly ethnic minorities, non-partnered ethnic minorities, ethnic minorities with an educational level lower than middle school, and ethnic minorities with chronic disease had higher odds of poor self-rated health.

11.
Anim Genet ; 2020 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32400010

RESUMO

The cAMP responsive element binding protein (CREB)-regulated transcription coactivator 3 (CRTC3) is a member of the CRTC protein family and plays an important role in energy metabolism. The aim of this study was to determine if the expression of porcine CRTC3 is related to intramuscular fat (IMF) deposition and meat quality in Heigai pigs (a local fatty breed in China) and Duroc × Landrace × Yorkshire (DLY) pigs (a lean crossbred pig widely cultured in China). In addition, the effect of ectopic expression of CRTC3 on gene expression in porcine IMF adipocytes was also examined. Our results showed that Heigai pigs had lower lean percentage, thicker back fat thickness and smaller loin muscle area than DLY pigs. Compared with DLY pigs, Heigai pigs had higher marbling scores, better meat color and higher IMF contents and triglyceride concentrations. Higher levels of oxidative metabolic enzyme and expression of the slow oxidative muscle fiber-related genes were observed in longissimus dorsi muscle and psoas major muscle (P < 0.05) from Heigai pigs. Notably, CRTC3 and adipocyte-specific marker genes were highly expressed in muscle tissues of Heigai pigs. The expression of lipolysis-related genes ATGL and HSL were lower in Heigai muscles. Moreover, forced expression of CRTC3 promoted lipid accumulation and increased the expression of PPARγ, C/EBPα, leptin and FABP4 (P < 0.05), whereas it decreased the expression of ATGL and HSL in IMF adipocytes. These results suggest that CRTC3 expression is associated with lipid accumulation and IMF deposition in pigs.

13.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(8): 4263-4270, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32373962

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the molecular mechanism of Simvastatin on inhibiting malignant progression of lung cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Relative levels of METTL3 and EZH2 in lung cancer tissues and adjacent normal ones were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). In addition, their levels in lung cancer patients with different pathological stages were determined as well. A549 cells were induced with different doses of Simvastatin for 24 h. Subsequently, relative levels of METTL3 and EZH2 in cells were detected. Proliferative and metastatic abilities in A549 cells were examined by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), 5-Ethynyl-2'- deoxyuridine (EdU) and transwell assay, respectively. RIP assay was conducted to detect the presence of m6A modification on EZH2 mRNA and the interaction between IGF2BP2 and EZH2. Relative levels of EZH2 and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-associated genes (E-cadherin and N-cadherin), and metastatic abilities were detected in Simvastatin-induced A549 cells transfected with pcDNA-METTL3. RESULTS: METTL3 and EZH2 levels were upregulated in lung cancer tissues, which were higher in advanced stage lung cancer patients. Their levels, as well as cell proliferative and metastatic abilities, were dose-dependently inhibited in Simvastatin-induced A549 cells. METTL3 positively regulated EZH2 level, and m6A modification on its mRNA. Moreover, the interaction between IGF2BP2 and EZH2 could be inhibited by knockdown of METTL3. Simvastatin could abolish the role of METTL3 in regulating relative levels of EZH2 and EMT-associated genes, as well as metastatic abilities in A549 cells. CONCLUSIONS: Simvastatin induces METTL3 down-regulation in lung cancer tissues, which further influences EMT via m6A modification on EZH2 mRNA and thus inhibits the malignant progression of lung cancer.

14.
Animal ; : 1-9, 2020 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32367795

RESUMO

Ovarian follicle selection is a natural biological process in the pre-ovulatory hierarchy in birds that drives growing follicles to be selected within the ovulatory cycle. Follicle selection in birds is strictly regulated, involving signaling pathways mediated by dietary nutrients, gonadotrophic hormones and paracrine factors. This study aimed to test the hypothesis that dietary Ca may participate in regulating follicle selection in laying ducks through activating the signaling pathway of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)/protein kinase A (PKA)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), possibly mediated by gonadotrophic hormones. Female ducks at 22 weeks of age were initially fed one of two Ca-deficient diets (containing 1.8% or 0.38% Ca) or a Ca-adequate control diet (containing 3.6% Ca) for 67 days (depletion period), then all birds were fed the Ca-adequate diet for an additional 67 days (repletion period). Compared with the Ca-adequate control, ducks fed 0.38% Ca during the depletion period had significantly decreased (P < 0.05) numbers of hierarchical follicles and total ovarian weight, which were accompanied by reduced egg production. Plasma concentration of FSH was decreased by the diet containing 1.8% Ca but not by that containing 0.38%. The ovarian content of cAMP was increased with the two Ca-deficient diets, and phosphorylation of PKA and ERK1/2 was increased with 0.38% dietary Ca. Transcripts of ovarian estradiol receptor 2 and luteinizing hormone receptor (LHR) were reduced in the ducks fed the two Ca-deficient diets (P < 0.05), while those of the ovarian follicle stimulating hormone receptor (FSHR) were decreased in the ducks fed 0.38% Ca. The transcript abundance of ovary gap junction proteins, A1 and A4, was reduced with the Ca-deficient diets (P < 0.05). The down-regulation of gene expression of gap junction proteins and hormone receptors, the increased cAMP content and the suppressed hierarchical follicle numbers were reversed by repletion of dietary Ca. These results indicate that dietary Ca deficiency negatively affects follicle selection of laying ducks, independent of FSH, but probably by activating cAMP/PKA/ERK1/2 signaling pathway.

15.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(4): 384-389, 2020 Apr 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32306607

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the safety and feasibility of da Vinci robot surgical systems in natural orifice specimen extraction surgery (NOSES) for rectal neoplasms. Methods: A descriptive cohort study was used. Inclusion criteria: (1) age ≥18 years old; (2) diagnosis of rectal cancer by biopsy via colonoscopy or benign neoplasm locating in rectum that could not be resected locally through the anus; (3) R0 resection can be achieved by preoperative evaluation; (4) the CDmax (maximum circumferential diameter) was ≤5 cm or specimens could still be extracted from the anus despite a CDmax exceeding 5 cm but was along the longitudinal axis of the rectum. Exclusion criteria: (1) emergency operation due to gastrointestinal obstruction, perforation, or bleeding; (2) distal metastasis, induding lung, bone, or liver, that could not be resected simultaneously; (3) history of abdominal surgery or any other contraindications for robotic surgery. Clinicopathological data of 162 patients with rectal neoplasms who underwent robotic NOSES at the General Surgery Department of the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from March 2016 to July 2019 were retrospectively collected. Of 162 patients, 94 were male and 68 were female; the average age was (57±13) years; the average BMI was (23.5±3.2) kg/m(2); the average distance from tumor to the anal verge was (8.2±2.9) cm. Five trocars were used to perform total mesorectal excision (TME), and the descending colon artery was preserved. Sterile endoscope sleeve for the specimen extraction was inserted into the pelvic cavity through the anus, and the resected specimen was pulled out through the sleeve. Outcomes of safety (operation time, intraoperative blood loss and postoperative morbidity of complication) and oncological outcomes (number of lymph nodes harvested, rate of lymph node metastasis and rate of positive resection margin) were collected. Results: All the 162 cases completed robotic NOSES successfully with no conversion to laparotomy. The average operation time was (188.7±79.8) minutes; the average blood loss was (47.1±33.2) ml; the average and the maximum CDmax of specimens were (3.4±1.5) cm and 12 cm respectively. A total of 154 patients underwent robotic TME. One underwent robotic TME plus resection of liver metastasis; one underwent robotic TME plus partial transverse colectomy; two patients underwent robotic TME plus ovariectomy; another two underwent robotic TME plus hysterectomy; one patient underwent robotic TME plus left partial nephrectomy due to renal angioleiomyoma; another one underwent robotic TME plus ureteral repair due to intraoperative injury of the left ureter. All the specimens were extracted through the anus. Protective ileostomy was performed in 6.8% (11/162) of the patients. The average number of lymph node harvested was 14.9±5.1. According to pathological reports, 156 neoplasms were adenocarcinoma. Tis stage was 1.3% (2/156), T1 stage was 9.0% (14/156), T2 stage was 26.3% (41/156), T3 stage was 35.9% (56/156), and T4 stage was 27.6% (43/156). Lymph node metastasis accounted for 34.6% (54/156), and simultaneous liver metastasis was observed in one case. Circumferential resection margins (CRMs) and upper and lower resection margins were negative in all the patients. The average postoperative feeding time and postoperative hospital stay were (4.2±4.1) days and (11.4±7.7) days, respectively. Postoperative morbidity of complication was 12.3% (20/162). The incidence of anastomotic leakage was 4.9% (8/162), of which only 4 cases (2.5%) received ileostomy. Within postoperative 90-day, no anal dysfunction or death were found. Conclusion: Robotic NOSES for rectal neoplasms is safe and feasible.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Cirurgia Endoscópica por Orifício Natural/métodos , Protectomia/métodos , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(3): 252-256, 2020 Mar 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32252206

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the performance of Hybribio human papillomavirus (HPV) typing test kit for high risk HPV-DNA typing detection in screening of cervical precancer lesions. Methods: A total of 9 914 women were recruited in Henan, Shanxi, and Guangdong provinces from June to July 2017. All women underwent HPV DNA test. The women who diagnosed as HPV positive and cytological examination ≥ atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) or HPV negative and cytological examination≥low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL) underwent colposcopy biopsy and pathological examination. Using the pathological diagnosis as the gold standard, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and 95% confidence interval (CI) of high-risk HPV and HPV16/18 tests were calculated. Results: The mean age of 9 914 subjects was (45.0±9.3) years old. Among them, 1 302 subjects were detected as high risk HPV positive, including 211 of HPV16 positive and 64 of HPV18 positive. According to the pathological gold standard of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 (CIN2) or worse, the sensitivity and specificity of high risk-HPV and HPV 16/18 for triaging ASCUS women were 90.6% (95%CI: 75.8%-96.8%) and 78.0% (95%CI: 74.5%-81.2%) as well as 56.3% (95%CI: 39.3%-71.8%) and 95.7% (95%CI: 93.8%-97.1%), respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of high risk-HPV and HPV 16/18 for cervical precancer lesions screening were 95.1% (95%CI: 88.1%-98.1%) and 87.6% (95%CI: 86.9%-88.2%) as well as 65.9% (95%CI: 55.1%-75.2%) and 97.8% (95%CI: 97.5%-98.1%), respectively. Conclusions: The Hybribio HPV test kit has a relative high sensitivity and specificity for cervical precancer lesions screening and ASCUS triaging. It is reliable for HPV DNA detection and cervical cancer screening.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/diagnóstico , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética , Papillomavirus Humano 18/genética , Teste de Papanicolaou , Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Adulto , Biópsia , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/patologia , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/virologia , Colo do Útero/patologia , Colo do Útero/virologia , Colposcopia , DNA Viral/análise , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Papillomaviridae/classificação , Papillomaviridae/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Gravidez , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32305671

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a significant cause of prolonged hospital stay and increased mortality in mechanically ventilated children. Studies of the relationship between bacterial colonization of ventilator circuits (VCs) and VAP are lacking. This study aimed to investigate the role of bacterial colonization of VCs in the development of VAP, and to provide evidence for preventing VAP. METHODS: Mechanically ventilated patients admitted to the paediatric intensive care unit of a teaching hospital in China from October 2018 to November 2019 were enrolled. Specimens were collected from the VC and the patient's lower respiratory tract (LRT) for bacterial culture. Paired bacteria isolated from the VC and the patient's LRT, where colonization of the VC preceded that of the LRT, were evaluated for relatedness using pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). RESULTS: A total of 114 patients were included; the incidence rate of VAP was 28.1% (32/114). A total of 1368 samples were collected from VCs; 16% had positive bacterial culture. There was no significant difference in bacterial colonization of VCs between VAP and non-VAP. In 13 patients, the LRT and VC were concurrently colonized with the same bacteria, where colonization of the VC occurred before colonization of the patient's LRT. PFGE results demonstrated high correlation between bacteria from the LRT and VC in 11 patients. Among 114 mechanically ventilated children, VAP caused by bacteria from the VC occurred in six patients, accounting for 18.8% (6/32) of the overall VAP rate in this study. DISCUSSION: Bacterial colonization of the VC is a significant cause of VAP development in mechanically ventilated children. Preventive strategies for early identification and decontamination measures for contaminated VC may play a key role in preventing VAP.

19.
Lett Appl Microbiol ; 2020 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32306412

RESUMO

Mortierella alpina has gained remarkable interest due to its high capacity for arachidonic acid (AA) production and potential for eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) production recently. However, the development of genetically modified strains is limited by lacking inducible promoters, which can express genes conditionally. Here the inducible promoter of cellobiohydrolase (Pcbh1) was utilized in M. alpina and the gene oPpFADS17 encoding ω-3 fatty acid desaturase was selected as the reporter gene. Under conditions with inducer, expression of this gene enables M. alpina to produce EPA at room temperature, while no EPA was detected without inducer. We then optimized the induction conditions. The results demonstrated that the optimal induction condition was broth medium with 1% avicel as the inducer and 5% glucose as extra carbon source and the transcription level of the reporter gene was increasing with the extension of induction time. Successful application of Pcbh1 in M. alpina would significantly contribute to the steerable system to construct engineered strains for industrial production of microbial oils.

20.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 49(4): 324-328, 2020 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32268668

RESUMO

Objective: To describe our experiences in application of the 2019 revision of "CCCG-WT-2016" for the diagnosis of Wilms tumors. Methods: Ninety-one cases of Wilms tumor diagnosed at Shanghai Children's Medical Center from January 2015 to December 2018 were collected. All cases were reviewed by two senior pathologists, including one from China and the other from Singapore, according to the 2019 revision of "CCCG-WT-2016." Results: The specimens were obtained by core biopsy (n=21), primary nephrectomy (n=41), post-chemotherapy nephrectomy/resection (n=18), or biopsy/resection of metastatic/relapse/post-chemotherapy metastatic lesion(s) (n=11). The specimens of core biopsy and primary nephrectomy (n=62) all had favorable histology.Twelve post-chemotherapy nephrectomy cases were subdivided into three risk groups: low risk (n=0), intermediate risk (n=10) and high risk (n=2). Six post-chemotherapy resection cases were subdivided into 3 risk groups:low risk (n=0), intermediate risk (n=5) and high risk (n=1). The remaining 11 cases were comprised of metastatic, relapse, and post-chemotherapy metastatic lesions. The concordance rate of the two senior pathologists was 100%(91/91). Conclusions: The 2019 revision of "CCCG-WT-2016" is clearly written and easy to use. It can serve as the basis of accurate classification for clinical treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Renais , Tumor de Wilms , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , China , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/terapia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Nefrectomia , Tumor de Wilms/terapia
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